Abstract

Two-octave-spanning precision dispersive mirror systems are demonstrated, providing a new enabling technology for pulse-energy and bandwidth scaling of sub-cycle optical waveform synthesizers. We propose and characterize new dispersion management schemes with advanced dielectric coating designs. Based on an analytic dual adiabatic matching structure, we implement a chirped dichroic mirror, to efficiently optimize the beam combining from different spectra, and a double-chirped mirror pair, to avoid unwanted nonlinearity during beam propagation, with custom-tailored dispersion and reflectivity over more than two octaves of bandwidth ranging from 0.49 to 2.3 μm, supporting 1.9-fs-short sub-optical-cycle pulses. The multilayer coating structures can also be applied to the design of chirped-fiber Bragg gratings and general optical filters. The proposed designs and schemes will benefit ultrabroadband applications requiring precise dispersion management, especially enabling the generation of intense sub-optical-cycle light transients.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

1. INTRODUCTION

The generation of extremely short and ultrabroadband optical waveforms, which are custom-tailored within a single cycle of light, opens up unprecedented opportunities for the emerging field of waveform nonlinear optics, which is of primary importance, e.g., for the generation of intense isolated attosecond extreme-UV pulses [1,2], launching valence-electron wavepacket dynamics in atoms and molecules [35], relativistic laser–plasma interactions and laser-driven electron acceleration [69], and control of sub-cycle electron transport in solids [10]. However, the feasibility of studying nonlinear interactions of matter with intense sub-cycle waveforms critically depends on the availability of high-energy multi-octave-spanning carrier-envelope-phase-controlled optical pulses. In addition, the realization of the energy and bandwidth scalability of ultrashort optical transients provides a new enabling technology for the demonstration of bright coherent tabletop high-harmonic sources, especially in the water window and keV x-ray region [11,12]. Therefore, the generation and precise dispersion control of ever broader optical bandwidth is in high demand, in order to tailor the shortest light bursts in the time domain.

Recent progress in broadband waveform generation has produced coherent optical spectra with >1-octave bandwidth by sub-cycle waveform synthesis [13] and supercontinuum generation [35]. However, it is difficult to obtain sub-optical-cycle pulses with high pulse energy [i.e., at the millijoule (mJ) level], limited by the trade-off between the required high nonlinearity for the generation of ultrabroad bandwidth and the output beam quality in terms of the beam stability and beam profile distortion. The dispersion management of intense multi-octave spectra is extremely delicate and challenging, especially requiring ultrabroadband precision dispersive optics with high damage threshold. Active compression systems based on spatial light modulators with >1-octave bandwidths have been demonstrated [14,15]. However, they are hampered by the bandwidth and diffraction efficiency of the gratings used in 4-f systems. Therefore, they have not directly been applied to multi-octave-spanning high-intensity sources. Multilayer dielectric coatings, such as the ones used for chirped mirrors [16,17] and complementary mirror pairs [1820], although not adaptable, have the advantage of potentially supporting multi-octave bandwidth with high reflectivity. Therefore, multilayer mirror designs are widely employed as robust solutions. 1.5-octave-wide chirped-mirror pairs [19] for pulse compression have been developed, and optical synthesizers based on hollow-core-fiber compressors with up to four channels have been realized with separate chirped-mirror designs [35]. The pulses covering different spectral ranges are individually recompressed before pulse recombination. While hollow-core-fiber compressors are limited in energy handling, a pulse synthesizer based on parametric amplifiers can further scale the energy to the multi-mJ range [13,2124]. Then the maximum pulse energy reachable is ultimately limited by the peak power of the combined intense ultrashort pulse, which induces detrimental nonlinearities (i.e., B-integral) in the following optical beam path and particularly in the beam combiner optics and the window of vacuum chambers housing the experiment. In addition, the dispersion of the beam combiner around the edge of the high-reflection band is difficult to control. As a result, synthesized electric-field transients without spectral gaps are hard to achieve with dichroic mirrors (DMs): spectral gaps cannot be avoided in between the channels [35]. Therefore, to efficiently synthesize ultrabroad optical waveforms, precise dispersion matching between the transmission and reflection ports of the beam combiner is required. Broadband DMs with exquisite dispersion control are necessary but are not available yet, to the best of our knowledge. In this work, novel mirror designs for >2-octave-spanning waveform synthesizers delivering multi-mJ pulse energy [2123] are introduced. We design, fabricate, and characterize the required laser optics [25], chirped dichroic mirrors (CDMs) for efficient splitting and coherent combining of pulses, and ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror (DCM) pairs for final compression. To avoid B-integral problems, we recombine the still slightly chirped pulses first on the CDMs and then use an ultrabroadband DCM pair as a final compressor unit. Figure 1 shows the use of these optics in an actual >2-octave-wide three-channel parametric synthesizer, which was recently demonstrated [2123].

 

Fig. 1. Schematic of a >2-octave-wide three-channel parametric synthesizer [2123]. CEP, carrier-envelope phase; WL, white light; CDM, chirped dichroic mirror; OPA, optical parametric amplifier; DCM, double-chirped mirror; BOC, balanced optical cross correlator.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

2. DUAL-ADIABATIC-MATCHING STRUCTURE

In principle, chirped mirrors are designed as dispersive optical interference coatings with low-/high-index dielectric layer pairs to achieve dispersion management [1620,26]. In chirped mirrors, the Bragg wavelength is chirped so that different wavelengths penetrate different depths into the mirror until Bragg reflection, giving rise to a wavelength-dependent group delay (GD). Figure 2(a) shows the simple-chirped (SC) structure, where the Bragg wavelength is monotonically increased with each quarter-wave layer pair to provide negative dispersion, as well as a broader high-reflection bandwidth than the Fresnel reflection bandwidth of a fixed layer pair [26,27]. However, pronounced GD ripples are usually observed, as shown in Fig. 2(d). These ripples are due to the impedance mismatch between free space and the multilayer grating, which acts as a Gires–Tournois interferometer. Since the period of the oscillations in the spectral domain determines the position of a satellite in the time domain upon reflection, the suppression of the adverse GD ripples by achieving impedance matching to avoid internal resonances is of great importance especially in few-cycle pulse generation. The double-chirped (DC) structure [16], as shown in Fig. 2(b), has been proposed to achieve impedance matching by adiabatically tapering the impedance in the front layer pairs, which is shown to be equivalent to an adiabatic chirp in the thickness of the high-index layer in addition to the chirp of the center wavelength of the Bragg mirror. However, a multilayer mirror design covering more than 2 octaves in bandwidth, which requires multi-octave impedance matching, has not been achieved so far. Here, we introduce a dual-adiabatic-matching (DAM) structure [25], as shown in Fig. 2(c), that generates also a double chirp in the back section of the mirror approaching the substrate, adiabatically tapering the impedance again to provide high transmission for long wavelengths. The front and back chirped high-index layers perform dual adiabatic impedance matching, providing (1) high reflectivity and smooth GD over the high-reflectivity range of the mirror and (2) high transmission with sidelobe suppression outside the high-reflectivity range, respectively.

 

Fig. 2. (a)–(c) Structures and (d) reflectivity/GD of different chirped mirror structures: (a) a design of the SC structure monotonically increases the Bragg wavelength with quarter-wave layer pairs to provide negative dispersion; (b) the DC design tapering the impedance in the front section based on the SC layers features reduced GD ripples in the high-reflectivity range; (c) the proposed DAM structure further introduces another impedance-matching section in the back layers, resulting in high transmittance for longer wavelengths; low, low-index material (e.g., SiO2); high, high-index material (e.g., TiO2).

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

Because of the smooth transmittance with smooth GD behavior as shown in Fig. 2(d), the DAM structure can be used as a >2-octave-spanning dispersive CDM. With the impedance-matching features shown in Fig. 2(d), we implement the DAM structure to design a CDM. To realize the idea experimentally, the analytical DAM structure is employed as an initial design, which provides a high-reflection window for the spectral range of 0.45–1 μm and transmission in the range of 1.1–2.5 μm for p-polarized laser beams with an incidence angle of 45°. The numerically optimized result using a fast algorithm [28] is shown in Fig. 3(a). With an antireflection (AR) coating in the initial few layers to provide impedance matching from air to the low-index coating material, the following structure preserves the DAM structure. The GD in reflection is designed to compensate a 0.52 mm optical path in fused silica over the spectral range from 0.45–1.3 μm, which is even broader than the high-reflectivity range of 0.45–1.1 μm, as shown in Fig. 3(b).

 

Fig. 3. (a) Structure and (b) the designed/measured reflectivity/GD of the CDM, as well as the corresponding GD design goals. The imperfect transmittance around 0.8 μm and the 5% reflection above 1.1 μm are intentionally created to supply a BOC for waveform synthesis; low, low-index material, SiO2; high, high-index material, TiO2; GD_R, designed/measured GD in reflection; GD_T, the transmitted designed/measured GD; FS, fused silica.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

To combine spectra with a spectral overlap, the simultaneous dispersion management in both reflection and transmission, especially around the edge of the high-reflection band, is very important. The GD oscillations in reflection of a DM in this range are usually rather large due to the strong resonant interferences originating from internal Fabry–Pérot effects. The backside impedance-matching section in the DAM structure reduces these typically observed GD oscillations. Since the reflection from the back impedance-matching region is suppressed, the etalon resonance is reduced between the quarter-wave Bragg stacks and the back impedance-matching section. On the other hand, the GD in transmission is subject to the Kramers–Kronig relation [29]:

ϕt=1πPln|T(ω)|ωωdω,
where ϕt and T(ω) are the transmission phase and transmittance, respectively. By taking the derivatives on both sides and integration by parts on the right-hand side, one can obtain
GD=dϕdω=1πPTωωdω,whereT=dT(ω)/dω|T(ω)|.
Therefore, GD in transmission is the Hilbert transform of T, mathematically analogous to the relation between absorption coefficient and reflection in electron spectroscopy [30,31]. As a result, the variations of GD in transmission [i.e., group-delay dispersion (GDD)] are related to the changes of the transmittance curves, especially in the spectral range close to the edge of the high-reflection band: if the transmittance of the CDM is slowly varying in the transition region, the corresponding GD curve is also slowly varying. With the designed CDM, the variation of the transmission GD in the transition range between high-transmission band and high-reflection band, 1.0–1.1 μm, is <10fs, as shown in Fig. 3(b). The nature of the Hilbert transform in Eq. (2) suggests that even lower GD variation is possible based on a mirror with a smoother transmittance curve and a wider transition region.

3. DISPERSION-MATCHED SCHEME FOR COHERENT BEAM COMBINING

To match the beam dispersion between the reflection port and the transmission port, the dispersion for the two combined beam paths in the spectrally overlapping region should be the same after the CDM, which is similar to a previous scheme based on a dispersion-matched neutral beam splitter [32]. A proposed scheme with a CDM and a dielectric plate in port 1 is shown in Fig. 4(a). Let us denote the GDD of the coating between the air and the substrate interfaces with reflection R1, transmission T1, reflection R2, and transmission T2 by GDDR1, GDDT1, GDDR2, and GDDT2, respectively. Also, the GDD for a single pass through the substrate of the CDM and the dielectric plate are denoted as GDDS and GDDP, respectively. In the design, we will match the GDD of the substrate with the GDD of the plate and GDDR1 (i.e., GDDS=GDDR1+GDDP). The GDD for each optical path is then given by

GDD(14)=GDDP+GDDR1=GDDS,GDD(24)=GDDS+GDDT2,GDD(13)=GDDP+GDDT1+GDDS,GDD(23)=2GDDS+GDDR2.

 

Fig. 4. (a) Schematic diagram of a dispersion-matched system based on the CDM. (b) The reflection (purple), transmission (red), and the combined spectra (green, blue, and orange dashed) in port 4 with different delays between port 1 and port 2 in (a), as well as the incoherently combined spectrum (black). Constructively/destructively interfered spectrum over the whole transition range (1.0–1.1 μm) can be obtained as the green/blue curve. (Inset) The optimized beam combining efficiency is >90%, even including the 8% total interface reflection losses of the matching plate in port 1.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

For a lossless coating of the CDM, the following relationships are generally valid [27,32]: GDDT1=GDDT2 and GDDR1+GDDR2=GDDT1+GDDT2. Assuming the transmittance of the CDM in the transition region is smooth enough, the corresponding GDD is negligible (i.e., GDDT10). With these additional conditions for a lossless and slowly varying transmission coating in the transition region, the GDD for each beam path to port 4 becomes identical:

GDD(14)=GDDP+GDDR1=GDDS,GDD(24)=GDDS+GDDT2=GDDS.
The GDD for each beam path to port 3 is also identical:
GDD(13)=GDDP+GDDT1+GDDS=GDDP+GDDS,GDD(23)=2GDDS+GDDR2=GDDP+GDDS.
Furthermore, if we additionally place an identical plate in port 4 or have a coating design that GDDR1=GDDS, the GDD of all input and output ports are matched. In our case, GDDR1 and GDDS are equivalent to the GDD of 0.52mm and 3.21 mm optical path of fused silica, respectively. Therefore, the matched optical path of the fused silica plate is 3.73 mm. In the waveform synthesizer, as shown in the scheme depicted in Fig. 1, the combined 5% of light in port 3 will supply a balanced optical cross correlator (BOC) for active feedback stabilization of the relative time delay of the individual pulses [13].

Since the dispersion is matched, the spectrum in the spectrally overlapping region in port 4 can constructively be combined with matched spectral phase over the overlapping region, which further boosts the combination efficiency. The purple/red curves in Fig. 4(b) show the reflected/transmitted spectra measured using a white-light source from port 1 and port 2, respectively. The combined spectra are also shown as the green, blue, and orange dashed curves in Fig. 4(b), as well as the incoherently combined spectrum as a reference: interference fringes (orange dashed curve) are observed due to the optical delay between the beams from the two input ports. By fine-tuning the optical delay, constructively/destructively interfered spectra over the spectrally overlapping region can be obtained as the green/blue curves, respectively. The beam combining efficiency with the green spectrum is >90% over the transition range, even including the 8% total interface reflection losses of the silica plate in port 1.

The interfered fringes in the spectrally overlapping region are extremely sensitive to the delay between the pulses from the two input ports, which benefit the precise active stabilization of the relative timing.

4. >2-OCTAVE-WIDE HIGH-REFLECTION DCM PAIRS

The DAM structure lends itself to the design of an ultrabroadband DCM pair as the final compression unit, which is key enabling technology to realize >2-octave multi-mJ sub-cycle waveforms without running into B-integral problems that destroy the pulse quality. The proposed structure particularly reflects the light within its Bragg wavelength and provides smooth transmittance for the longer wavelengths, which is a proper impedance-matching section to reduce the Gires–Tournois effect in the chirped mirror design. As a result, cascading the DAM structure in the front layers, as an ultrabroadband impedance-matching section, makes it possible to achieve >2-octave bandwidth DCMs, as shown in Fig. 5. The ultrabroadband DCM pair is designed and optimized for compensating 1.44 mm optical path in fused silica in the spectral range from 0.49 to 1.05 μm, the high-reflectivity range of the CDM, and 0.32 mm optical path in ZnSe in the range of 1.05–2.3 μm, the transmission range of the CDM. For >1-octave-wide chirped mirrors, mirrors providing negative chirp are advantageous, because short-wavelength light is reflected by the top layers, whereas long-wavelength light penetrates deeper and mostly sees an average index of the thinner top layers. To demonstrate the broadband impedance matching of the cascaded-DAM-like structures, Figs. 5(c) and 5(d) show the reflectivity of the structures from the ambient air to the specific layers pointed at by the arrows in Figs. 5(a) and 5(b), respectively. As the number of front layers increases, starting from the air, the high-reflectivity band expands to longer wavelengths, which is determined by the Bragg wavelength of the layer pairs. The arrows in Figs. 5(a) and 5(b) point to the end layer of each DAM-like structure, providing broadband AR coating (impedance matching) with <5% reflection to the design wavelength of 2.3 μm. The designed/measured reflectivity and GD of the pair are shown in Fig. 6. The average reflectivity of the ultrabroadband DCM pair is >90% and the calculated peak-to-peak values of the averaged residual GD ripples are controlled to <5fs over >2-octave bandwidth. In Fig. 6, the dispersion and reflectivity measurements using a home-built white-light interferometer and a photospectrometer, respectively, show excellent agreement with the design targets.

 

Fig. 5. (a) and (b) Structure of the mirror pair of the optimized DAM DCM pair. (c) and (d) AR behavior for the longer wavelengths in the cascaded DAM sections indicated by the arrows in the mirror structure in (a) and (b), respectively; low, low-index material, SiO2; high, high-index material, TiO2.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

 

Fig. 6. Reflectivity and GD of the ultrabroadband DCM pair: the calculation shown as the blue/red dashed lines and the solid lines show the measurement results. The dispersion of the DCM pair compensates a 1.44-mm optical path in fused silica and a 0.32-mm optical path in ZnSe for ranges of 0.49–1.05 μm and 1.05–2.3 μm, respectively.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

Even broader design bandwidth of DCM pairs is possible but, depending on the applications, limited by the required reflectivity and dispersion control. For example, it is difficult to design chirped mirrors with >99.5% reflection over >2-octave-wide bandwidth used as intracavity mirrors for precise dispersion compensation in a broadband laser oscillator. The laser-induced damage threshold of the lower bandgap dielectric coating material, TiO2 in our case, would hamper the energy scalability of the ultrabroadband source based on the DCMs. The threshold fluence of ion-beam sputtering TiO2 films is measured to be >0.1J/cm2 using a 25 fs Ti:sapphire amplifier [33]. Although the repetition rate [34], pulse duration, and center wavelength of the optical source, as well as the coating structures of the DCMs, would affect the breakdown fluence, sub-cycle optical waveform synthesizers supporting up to several tens of mJ of pulse energy with a >1cm2 beam size should be possible based on the multilayer chirped mirrors.

We evaluate the expected pulse distortions introduced by the demonstrated ultrabroadband DCM pair on the waveform synthesizer output using the experimental combined second-stage optical parametric amplifier (OPA) output spectra of Ref. [22]. As the scheme shows in Fig. 1, the spectrum below 1 μm is reflected by the CDM, and the spectrum above 1.1 μm is transmitted. The combined pulse, with 1.88 fs FWHM transform-limited pulse duration, is still chirped when passing through the combiner substrate and the vacuum-chamber window to decrease the peak intensity and thus reduce the B-integral, and the ultrabroadband DCM pair can compensate the dispersion of the combined waveform afterward. The pulse distortions were examined by considering the measured reflectivity and residual GD errors of the mirrors (i.e., starting from the flat-phase waveform and accounting for the measured GD deviation of the mirrors from the design goal, the GD of 1.44 mm optical path in fused silica or of 0.32 mm optical path in ZnSe), as shown in Fig. 7. Figure 7(b) shows the synthesized waveform after final compression by the ultrabroadband DCM pair according to Figs. 5 and 6. The measured residual phase error of the DCM pair, is <0.1πrad (i.e., <λ/20), as the red dotted curve in Fig. 7(a) shows, enabling pulse compression very close to its transform limit. Pulse compression over >2-octave-bandwidth can thus be achieved for the first time, to the best of our knowledge.

 

Fig. 7. Evaluated pulse characteristics in (a) frequency domain and (b) time domain after the ultrabroadband DCM pair. The black curve in (a) is the measured combined OPA spectra, as well as the transform-limited electric-field waveform (TL) in (b). The red curves show the pulse after the mirror pair, as well as the residual phase shown as dotted line in (a). The duration of the pulses depicted in the inset as the black and red lines are 1.88 and 1.93 fs, respectively.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

5. CONCLUSIONS

We proposed a DAM structure that enables >2-octave-wide dispersion control. The proposed structure is similar to refractive-index apodization in fiber Bragg gratings [35,36]: the DAM structure adiabatically matches the impedance of both the Bragg stacks and low-index material, providing not only high reflectivity with smooth GD in reflection at the Bragg wavelength, but also a broadband AR coating for the longer wavelengths with smooth GD in transmission. Dispersive CDMs based on the DAM structure can thus be designed and fabricated to achieve both beam combination and dispersion compensation with >2-octave bandwidth. With the demonstrated CDM and the dispersion-matched scheme, the combined spectrum from different input ports can be optimized. In principle, near-100%-constructive-interfered beam combining over the whole spectrally overlapping region can be achieved; here, >90% of beam combining efficiency was demonstrated experimentally, taking Fresnel losses of interfaces into account. In chirped-mirror designs, a broadband AR coating as an impedance-matching section is critical to reduce the amplitude of GD ripples induced by the Gires–Tournois effect. As a result, cascades of DAM structures in the front section of a chirped-mirror design for an ultrabroadband DCM pair are demonstrated, resulting in the most broadband chirped mirror designed so far. The designed CDM and DCM pairs are key enabling technology for a >2-octave multi-mJ parametric synthesizer supporting 1.9 fs FWHM waveforms without running into B-integral problems that destroy the pulse quality. No temporal pulse broadening is found due to the use of CDM and DCM pairs. The results indicate that the proposed designs will pave the way for the development of intense ultrabroadband parametric synthesizers and in general dispersion control of multi-octave-bandwidth coherent optical sources [37].

FUNDING INFORMATION

This work was supported by the excellence cluster “The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging—Structure, Dynamics and Control of Matter at the Atomic Scale” of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science at DESY, Hamburg, Germany.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors especially thank LASEROPTIK GMBH and Mr. Tobias Groß for fruitful discussions and fabrication of the advanced chirped mirror coatings.

REFERENCES

1. E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

2. E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010). [CrossRef]  

3. A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011). [CrossRef]  

4. M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, and E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012). [CrossRef]  

5. T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

6. A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, and L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011). [CrossRef]  

7. L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

8. S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, and J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012). [CrossRef]  

9. V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, and M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013). [CrossRef]  

10. O. D. Mücke, “Isolated high-order harmonics pulse from two-color-driven Bloch oscillations in bulk semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 081202(R) (2011). [CrossRef]  

11. E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008). [CrossRef]  

12. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012). [CrossRef]  

13. S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011). [CrossRef]  

14. E. Matsubara, K. Yamane, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of 2.6  fs optical pulses using induced-phase modulation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 985–989 (2007). [CrossRef]  

15. T. Tanigawa, Y. Sakakibara, S. Fang, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Spatial light modulator of 648 pixels with liquid crystal transparent from ultraviolet to near-infrared and its chirp compensation application,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1696–1698 (2009).

16. F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997). [CrossRef]  

17. G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11, 2385–2396 (2003). [CrossRef]  

18. F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882–885 (2001). [CrossRef]  

19. V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007). [CrossRef]  

20. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009). [CrossRef]  

21. G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

22. S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, and G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

23. G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, and G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

24. B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, and F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

25. S.-H. Chia and F. X. Kärtner, “Chirped dichroic mirror and a source for broadband light pulses,” European patent application EP14155053 (February 13, 2014).

26. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994). [CrossRef]  

27. H. A. Haus, Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics (Prentice-Hall, 1984).

28. J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient optimization of multilayer coatings for ultrafast optics using analytic gradients of dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2656–2662 (2007). [CrossRef]  

29. R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, and A. Lagendijk, “Kramers-Kronig relations for an interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 118–126 (1997). [CrossRef]  

30. R. F. Egerton, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy in the Electron Microscope (Springer, 2011).

31. A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, and Z.-X. Shen, “Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the cuprate superconductors,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473–541 (2003). [CrossRef]  

32. J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, and G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569–1571 (2005). [CrossRef]  

33. M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, and K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005). [CrossRef]  

34. M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, and W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005). [CrossRef]  

35. M. Matsuhara and K. O. Hill, “Optical-waveguide band-rejection filters: design,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2886–2888 (1974). [CrossRef]  

36. B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995). [CrossRef]  

37. S.-H. Chia, T.-M. Liu, A. A. Ivanov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, M.-R. Tsai, M.-C. Chan, C.-H. Yu, and C.-K. Sun, “A sub-100  fs self-starting Cr:forsterite laser generating 1.4  W output power,” Opt. Express 18, 24085–24091 (2010). [CrossRef]  

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).
  2. E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.
  6. A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.
  8. S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. O. D. Mücke, “Isolated high-order harmonics pulse from two-color-driven Bloch oscillations in bulk semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 081202(R) (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  14. E. Matsubara, K. Yamane, T. Sekikawa, M. Yamashita, “Generation of 2.6  fs optical pulses using induced-phase modulation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 985–989 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  15. T. Tanigawa, Y. Sakakibara, S. Fang, T. Sekikawa, M. Yamashita, “Spatial light modulator of 648 pixels with liquid crystal transparent from ultraviolet to near-infrared and its chirp compensation application,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1696–1698 (2009).
  16. F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11, 2385–2396 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882–885 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  19. V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.
  22. S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.
  23. G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.
  24. B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).
  25. S.-H. Chia, F. X. Kärtner, “Chirped dichroic mirror and a source for broadband light pulses,” European patent applicationEP14155053 (February13, 2014).
  26. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  27. H. A. Haus, Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics (Prentice-Hall, 1984).
  28. J. R. Birge, F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient optimization of multilayer coatings for ultrafast optics using analytic gradients of dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2656–2662 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  29. R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, “Kramers-Kronig relations for an interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 118–126 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  30. R. F. Egerton, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy in the Electron Microscope (Springer, 2011).
  31. A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, “Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the cuprate superconductors,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473–541 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569–1571 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  33. M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  34. M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  35. M. Matsuhara, K. O. Hill, “Optical-waveguide band-rejection filters: design,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2886–2888 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  36. B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  37. S.-H. Chia, T.-M. Liu, A. A. Ivanov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, M.-R. Tsai, M.-C. Chan, C.-H. Yu, C.-K. Sun, “A sub-100  fs self-starting Cr:forsterite laser generating 1.4  W output power,” Opt. Express 18, 24085–24091 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

2013 (2)

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. D. Mücke, “Isolated high-order harmonics pulse from two-color-driven Bloch oscillations in bulk semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 081202(R) (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Chia, T.-M. Liu, A. A. Ivanov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, M.-R. Tsai, M.-C. Chan, C.-H. Yu, C.-K. Sun, “A sub-100  fs self-starting Cr:forsterite laser generating 1.4  W output power,” Opt. Express 18, 24085–24091 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2005 (3)

J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569–1571 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, “Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the cuprate superconductors,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473–541 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11, 2385–2396 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1997 (2)

1995 (1)

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1974 (1)

Ahmad, I.

Alahmed, Z. A.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ališauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Arpin, P.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Azzeer, A. M.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Balciunas, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bhardwaj, S.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bilodeau, F.

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

Birge, J. R.

Boivin, M.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Brabec, T.

V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brown, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Buck, A.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Cardenas, D.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Cerullo, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

Chan, M.-C.

Chen, L.-J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.-C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chia, S.-H.

S.-H. Chia, T.-M. Liu, A. A. Ivanov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, M.-R. Tsai, M.-C. Chan, C.-H. Yu, C.-K. Sun, “A sub-100  fs self-starting Cr:forsterite laser generating 1.4  W output power,” Opt. Express 18, 24085–24091 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

S.-H. Chia, F. X. Kärtner, “Chirped dichroic mirror and a source for broadband light pulses,” European patent applicationEP14155053 (February13, 2014).

Chou, S.-W.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Cirmi, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

Clapp, B.

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Damascelli, A.

A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, “Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the cuprate superconductors,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473–541 (2003).
[Crossref]

de Vries, P.

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, “Kramers-Kronig relations for an interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 118–126 (1997).
[Crossref]

Egerton, R. F.

R. F. Egerton, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy in the Electron Microscope (Springer, 2011).

Eggleton, B. J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ell, R.

Fang, S.

T. Tanigawa, Y. Sakakibara, S. Fang, T. Sekikawa, M. Yamashita, “Spatial light modulator of 648 pixels with liquid crystal transparent from ultraviolet to near-infrared and its chirp compensation application,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1696–1698 (2009).

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

Farinello, P.

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

Fedotov, A. B.

Ferencz, K.

Fourmaux, S.

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gaeta, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gagnon, J.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Goulielmakis, E.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

Grguraš, I.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gu, X.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Hassan, M. T.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

Haus, H. A.

Heine, C.

Hernández-García, C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Herrmann, D.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Hill, K. O.

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Matsuhara, K. O. Hill, “Optical-waveguide band-rejection filters: design,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2886–2888 (1974).
[Crossref]

Hong, K.-H.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.-W.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hussain, Z.

A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, “Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the cuprate superconductors,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473–541 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, H.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikawa, K. L.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, A. A.

Jaron-Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jasapara, J. C.

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Johnson, D. C.

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kaluza, M. C.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kanai, T.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kaprowicz, N.

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

Kapteyn, H. C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. R. Birge, F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient optimization of multilayer coatings for ultrafast optics using analytic gradients of dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2656–2662 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. R. Birge, V. Sharma, J. G. Fujimoto, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, “Ultrabroadband beam splitter with matched group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1569–1571 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882–885 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Chia, F. X. Kärtner, “Chirped dichroic mirror and a source for broadband light pulses,” European patent applicationEP14155053 (February13, 2014).

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

Kautek, W.

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

Kieffer, J.-C.

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Kop, R. H. J.

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, “Kramers-Kronig relations for an interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 118–126 (1997).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Krüger, J.

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lagendijk, A.

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, “Kramers-Kronig relations for an interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 118–126 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lan, P.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laramée, A.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Lebrun, G.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Légaré, F.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, E.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.-M.

Luu, T. T.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

Ma, G.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

MacLean, J.-P.

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Malo, B.

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

Manzoni, C.

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

Marceau, V.

V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Marcus, G.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Martin, S.

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Matsubara, E.

Matsuhara, M.

Matuschek, N.

Mero, M.

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Midorikawa, K.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mikhailova, J.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Mikhailova, J. M.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Morf, R.

Morgner, U.

Moses, J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moulet, A.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

Mücke, O. D.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. D. Mücke, “Isolated high-order harmonics pulse from two-color-driven Bloch oscillations in bulk semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 081202(R) (2011).
[Crossref]

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

Murnane, M. M.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nabekawa, Y.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Naumov, S.

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nicolai, M.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, T.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Pabst, S.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Payeur, S.

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pervak, V.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

Piché, M.

V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Plaja, L.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Poitras, F.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Popmintchev, D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Popmintchev, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pugzlys, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Razskazovskaya, O.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

Ristau, D.

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rivas, D.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Rossi, G. M.

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

Rudolph, W.

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sakakibara, Y.

Santra, R.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sävert, A.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Schmid, K.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B. E.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sears, C. M. S.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Sekikawa, T.

Sharma, V.

Shen, Z.-X.

A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, “Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the cuprate superconductors,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473–541 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shim, B.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spielmann, C.

Sprik, R.

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, “Kramers-Kronig relations for an interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 118–126 (1997).
[Crossref]

Starke, K.

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

Sun, C.-K.

Szipöcs, R.

Takahashi, E. J.

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tanigawa, T.

Tchervenkov, C.

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thériault, S.

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

Thiré, N.

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Tikhonravov, A. V.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tilsch, M.

Trubetskov, M. K.

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17, 7943–7951 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsai, M.-R.

Tschudi, T.

Varin, C.

V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Veisz, L.

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Wirth, A.

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wittmann, T.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Xu, J.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Yu, C.-H.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3  fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Payeur, S. Fourmaux, B. E. Schmidt, J.-P. MacLean, C. Tchervenkov, F. Légaré, M. Piché, J.-C. Kieffer, “Generation of a beam of fast electrons by tightly focusing a radially polarized ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Malo, S. Thériault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Commun. (2)

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Attosecond nonlinear optics using gigawatt-scale isolated attosecond pulses,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2691 (2013).

B. E. Schmidt, N. Thiré, M. Boivin, A. Laramée, F. Poitras, G. Lebrun, T. Ozaki, H. Ibrahim, F. Légaré, “Frequency domain optical parametric amplification,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3643 (2014).

Nat. Photonics (1)

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 475–479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. Buck, M. Nicolai, K. Schmid, C. M. S. Sears, A. Sävert, J. M. Mikhailova, F. Krausz, M. C. Kaluza, L. Veisz, “Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration,” Nat. Phys. 7, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. H. J. Kop, P. de Vries, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, “Kramers-Kronig relations for an interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 138, 118–126 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. Mero, B. Clapp, J. C. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, J. Krüger, S. Martin, W. Kautek, “On the damage behavior of dielectric films when illuminated with multiple femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Eng. 44, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

M. Mero, J. Liu, W. Rudolph, D. Ristau, K. Starke, “Scaling laws of femtosecond laser pulse induced breakdown in oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 115109 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. D. Mücke, “Isolated high-order harmonics pulse from two-color-driven Bloch oscillations in bulk semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 081202(R) (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window x ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Marceau, C. Varin, T. Brabec, M. Piché, “Femtosecond 240-keV electron pulses from direct laser acceleration in a low-density gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 224801 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, “Angle-resolved photoemission studies of the cuprate superconductors,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 473–541 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. T. Hassan, A. Wirth, I. Grguraš, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, J. Gagnon, V. Pervak, E. Goulielmakis, “Attosecond photonics: synthesis and control of light transients,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 111301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science 334, 195–200 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (8)

G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, F. X. Kärtner, “Towards parametric synthesis of millijoule-level two-octave-wide optical waveforms for strong-field experiments,” in Ultrafast Optics (UFO IX) (2013), paper We3.3.

S. Fang, G. Cirmi, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Multi-mJ parametric synthesizer generating two-octave-wide optical waveforms,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper WB3-1.

G. M. Rossi, G. Cirmi, S. Fang, S.-H. Chia, O. D. Mücke, F. X. Kärtner, C. Manzoni, P. Farinello, G. Cerullo, “Spectro-temporal characterization of all channels in a sub-optical-cycle parametric waveform synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2014), paper SF1E.3.

T. T. Luu, M. T. Hassan, A. Moulet, O. Razskazovskaya, N. Kaprowicz, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, E. Goulielmakis, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2013), paper QF1C.6.

L. Veisz, D. Rivas, G. Marcus, X. Gu, D. Cardenas, J. Mikhailova, A. Buck, T. Wittmann, C. M. S. Sears, S.-W. Chou, J. Xu, G. Ma, D. Herrmann, O. Razskazovskaya, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, “Generation and applications of sub-5-fs multi-10-TW light pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics: Pacific Rim (2013), paper TuD2-3.

H. A. Haus, Waves and Fields in Optoelectronics (Prentice-Hall, 1984).

R. F. Egerton, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy in the Electron Microscope (Springer, 2011).

S.-H. Chia, F. X. Kärtner, “Chirped dichroic mirror and a source for broadband light pulses,” European patent applicationEP14155053 (February13, 2014).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of a >2-octave-wide three-channel parametric synthesizer [2123]. CEP, carrier-envelope phase; WL, white light; CDM, chirped dichroic mirror; OPA, optical parametric amplifier; DCM, double-chirped mirror; BOC, balanced optical cross correlator.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a)–(c) Structures and (d) reflectivity/GD of different chirped mirror structures: (a) a design of the SC structure monotonically increases the Bragg wavelength with quarter-wave layer pairs to provide negative dispersion; (b) the DC design tapering the impedance in the front section based on the SC layers features reduced GD ripples in the high-reflectivity range; (c) the proposed DAM structure further introduces another impedance-matching section in the back layers, resulting in high transmittance for longer wavelengths; low, low-index material (e.g., SiO2); high, high-index material (e.g., TiO2).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Structure and (b) the designed/measured reflectivity/GD of the CDM, as well as the corresponding GD design goals. The imperfect transmittance around 0.8 μm and the 5% reflection above 1.1 μm are intentionally created to supply a BOC for waveform synthesis; low, low-index material, SiO2; high, high-index material, TiO2; GD_R, designed/measured GD in reflection; GD_T, the transmitted designed/measured GD; FS, fused silica.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Schematic diagram of a dispersion-matched system based on the CDM. (b) The reflection (purple), transmission (red), and the combined spectra (green, blue, and orange dashed) in port 4 with different delays between port 1 and port 2 in (a), as well as the incoherently combined spectrum (black). Constructively/destructively interfered spectrum over the whole transition range (1.0–1.1 μm) can be obtained as the green/blue curve. (Inset) The optimized beam combining efficiency is >90%, even including the 8% total interface reflection losses of the matching plate in port 1.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) and (b) Structure of the mirror pair of the optimized DAM DCM pair. (c) and (d) AR behavior for the longer wavelengths in the cascaded DAM sections indicated by the arrows in the mirror structure in (a) and (b), respectively; low, low-index material, SiO2; high, high-index material, TiO2.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Reflectivity and GD of the ultrabroadband DCM pair: the calculation shown as the blue/red dashed lines and the solid lines show the measurement results. The dispersion of the DCM pair compensates a 1.44-mm optical path in fused silica and a 0.32-mm optical path in ZnSe for ranges of 0.49–1.05 μm and 1.05–2.3 μm, respectively.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Evaluated pulse characteristics in (a) frequency domain and (b) time domain after the ultrabroadband DCM pair. The black curve in (a) is the measured combined OPA spectra, as well as the transform-limited electric-field waveform (TL) in (b). The red curves show the pulse after the mirror pair, as well as the residual phase shown as dotted line in (a). The duration of the pulses depicted in the inset as the black and red lines are 1.88 and 1.93 fs, respectively.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕt=1πPln|T(ω)|ωωdω,
GD=dϕdω=1πPTωωdω,whereT=dT(ω)/dω|T(ω)|.
GDD(14)=GDDP+GDDR1=GDDS,GDD(24)=GDDS+GDDT2,GDD(13)=GDDP+GDDT1+GDDS,GDD(23)=2GDDS+GDDR2.
GDD(14)=GDDP+GDDR1=GDDS,GDD(24)=GDDS+GDDT2=GDDS.
GDD(13)=GDDP+GDDT1+GDDS=GDDP+GDDS,GDD(23)=2GDDS+GDDR2=GDDP+GDDS.

Metrics