Abstract

Energy-efficient optical control of photonic device properties is crucial for diverse photonic signal processing. Here, we demonstrate extremely efficient optical tuning of photonic nanocavities via the photorefractive effect, with only photon-level optical energy. With a lithium niobate photonic crystal nanocavity with an optical Q up to 1.41 million and an effective mode volume down to 0.78(λ/n)3, we are able to achieve a resonance tuning efficiency of about 88.4 MHz/photon (0.67 GHz/aJ), which allows us to tune across the whole cavity resonance with only about 2.4 photons on average inside the cavity. Such a photon-level resonance tuning is of great potential for energy-efficient optical switching, wavelength routing, and reconfiguration of photonic devices/circuits that are indispensable for future photonic interconnect.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-quality lithium niobate photonic crystal nanocavities

Hanxiao Liang, Rui Luo, Yang He, Haowei Jiang, and Qiang Lin
Optica 4(10) 1251-1258 (2017)

Dynamic tuning of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity through photonic transitions

Bo Wang, Jun-Fang Wu, Chao Li, and Zhi-Yuan Li
Opt. Lett. 43(16) 3945-3948 (2018)

Dynamic tuning of an optical resonator through MEMS-driven coupled photonic crystal nanocavities

Xiongyeu Chew, Guangya Zhou, Fook Siong Chau, Jie Deng, Xiaosong Tang, and Yee Chong Loke
Opt. Lett. 35(15) 2517-2519 (2010)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. P. Agrawal, Application of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2008).
  3. A. E. Willner, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, and O. F. Yilmaz, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 660 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).
  5. K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. E. Chang, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, Nat. Photonics 8, 685 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Soljacic and J. D. Joannopoulos, Nat. Mater. 3, 211 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagasima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Combrie, A. De Rossi, Q. V. Tran, and H. Benisty, Opt. Lett. 33, 1908 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Belotti, M. Galli, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, G. Guizzetti, A. R. Md Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Express 18, 1450 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  15. X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nat. Photonics 2, 185 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  16. K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Colman, P. Lunnemann, Y. Yu, and J. Mork, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233901 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. Cai, H. Han, S. Zhang, H. Hu, and K. Wang, Opt. Lett. 39, 2094 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. Liang, R. Luo, Y. He, H. Jiang, and Q. Lin, Optica 4, 1251 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. M. Li, H. Liang, R. Luo, Y. He, and Q. Lin, Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800228 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  25. W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).
  26. Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1532 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  27. Q. Quan and M. Loncar, Opt. Express 19, 18529 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  28. C. Wang, M. J. Burek, Z. Lin, H. A. Atikian, V. Venkataraman, I.-C. Huang, P. Stark, and M. Lončar, Opt. Express 22, 30924 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. C. P. Michael, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, C. Chrystal, and O. Painter, Opt. Express 15, 4745 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  30. T. Asano, Y. Ochi, Y. Takahashi, K. Kishimoto, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 25, 1769 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer, 2006).
  32. L. Maleki and A. Matsko, Ferroelectric Crystals for Photonic Applications (Springer, 2014), pp. 337–383.
  33. G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  34. E. Feigenbaum, K. Diest, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 2111 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  36. M. Leidinger, C. S. Werner, W. Yoshiki, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Opt. Lett. 41, 5474 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  37. T. Carmon, L. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Express 12, 4742 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  38. X. Sun, H. Liang, R. Luo, W. C. Jiang, X.-C. Zhang, and Q. Lin, Opt. Express 25, 13504 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  39. H. Jiang, R. Luo, H. Liang, X. Chen, Y. Chen, and Q. Lin, Opt. Lett. 42, 3267 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  40. R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 821 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  41. D. A. B. Miller, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 346 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

M. Li, H. Liang, R. Luo, Y. He, and Q. Lin, Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800228 (2019).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

2016 (2)

P. Colman, P. Lunnemann, Y. Yu, and J. Mork, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233901 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Leidinger, C. S. Werner, W. Yoshiki, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Opt. Lett. 41, 5474 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

2013 (2)

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 821 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Quan and M. Loncar, Opt. Express 19, 18529 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

E. Feigenbaum, K. Diest, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 2111 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Belotti, M. Galli, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, G. Guizzetti, A. R. Md Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, and R. M. De La Rue, Opt. Express 18, 1450 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

2007 (4)

C. P. Michael, M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, C. Chrystal, and O. Painter, Opt. Express 15, 4745 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagasima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

T. Carmon, L. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Express 12, 4742 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Soljacic and J. D. Joannopoulos, Nat. Mater. 3, 211 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Application of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2008).

Andreani, L. C.

Arita, Y.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arrangoiz-Arriola, P.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Asano, T.

Atikian, H. A.

Atwater, H. A.

E. Feigenbaum, K. Diest, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 2111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baba, T.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baida, F. I.

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bashaw, M. C.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Belotti, M.

Benisty, H.

Bernal, M.-P.

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

Blow, K. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Borselli, M.

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

Breunig, I.

Burek, M. J.

Buse, K.

Cai, L.

Carmon, T.

Chang, D. E.

D. E. Chang, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, Nat. Photonics 8, 685 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

Chitgarha, M. R.

Chrystal, C.

Collet, M.

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

Colman, P.

P. Colman, P. Lunnemann, Y. Yu, and J. Mork, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Combrie, S.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Combrie, A. De Rossi, Q. V. Tran, and H. Benisty, Opt. Lett. 33, 1908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Courjal, N.

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

Crosignani, B.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

De La Rue, R. M.

De Rossi, A.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Combrie, A. De Rossi, Q. V. Tran, and H. Benisty, Opt. Lett. 33, 1908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Diest, K.

E. Feigenbaum, K. Diest, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 2111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ding, C.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nat. Photonics 2, 185 (2008).
[Crossref]

Diziain, S.

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Englund, D.

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Euser, T. G.

P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Feigenbaum, E.

E. Feigenbaum, K. Diest, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 2111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fushman, I.

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Galli, M.

Geiss, R.

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gerace, D.

Gerard, J.-M.

P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nat. Photonics 2, 185 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guizzetti, G.

Hamachi, Y.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Han, H.

Hardinga, P. J.

P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

M. Li, H. Liang, R. Luo, Y. He, and Q. Lin, Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800228 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Liang, R. Luo, Y. He, H. Jiang, and Q. Lin, Optica 4, 1251 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hinton, K.

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 821 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

Hu, X.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nat. Photonics 2, 185 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huang, I.-C.

Husko, C.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

Jiang, P.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nat. Photonics 2, 185 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jiang, W.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Jiang, W. C.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. Soljacic and J. D. Joannopoulos, Nat. Mater. 3, 211 (2004).
[Crossref]

Johnson, N. P.

Johnson, T. J.

Kawaguchi, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kelly, A. E.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Khaleghi, S.

Kishimoto, K.

Kley, E.-B.

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leidinger, M.

Li, M.

M. Li, H. Liang, R. Luo, Y. He, and Q. Lin, Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800228 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Lin, Q.

Lin, Z.

Loncar, M.

Lu, H.

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

D. E. Chang, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, Nat. Photonics 8, 685 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lunnemann, P.

P. Colman, P. Lunnemann, Y. Yu, and J. Mork, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, R.

Maleki, L.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Maleki and A. Matsko, Ferroelectric Crystals for Photonic Applications (Springer, 2014), pp. 337–383.

Manning, R. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Matsko, A.

L. Maleki and A. Matsko, Ferroelectric Crystals for Photonic Applications (Springer, 2014), pp. 337–383.

Matsko, A. B.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matsuo, S.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mayor, F. M.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

McKenna, T. P.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Md Zain, A. R.

Michael, C. P.

Miller, D. A. B.

Mork, J.

P. Colman, P. Lunnemann, Y. Yu, and J. Mork, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nagasima, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagasima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Noda, S.

Notomi, M.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nowicki-Bringuier, Y.-R.

P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nozakil, K.

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ochi, Y.

Painter, O.

Patel, R. N.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Pertsch, T.

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Petroff, P.

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phillips, I. D.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Poustie, A. J.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Quan, Q.

Raineri, F.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Safavi-Naeini, A. H.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Saito, Y.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sarabalis, C. J.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Sato, T.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schrempel, F.

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Segawa, T.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

Segev, M.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Shinkawa, M.

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shinya, A.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

Soljacic, M.

M. Soljacic and J. D. Joannopoulos, Nat. Mater. 3, 211 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sorel, M.

Stark, P.

Steinert, M.

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stoltz, N.

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Strekalov, D.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sugiya, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagasima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

Suzaki, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, R.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, Y.

Tanabe, T.

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1532 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagasima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[Crossref]

Taniyama, H.

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tran, Q. V.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Combrie, A. De Rossi, Q. V. Tran, and H. Benisty, Opt. Lett. 33, 1908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tucker, R. S.

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 821 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ulliac, G.

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

Upham, J.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagasima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Van Laer, R.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Venkataraman, V.

Vos, W. L.

P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vuckovic, J.

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vuletic, V.

D. E. Chang, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, Nat. Photonics 8, 685 (2014).
[Crossref]

Waks, E.

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, K.

Werner, C. S.

Willner, A. E.

Witmer, J. D.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Wong, C. W.

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nat. Photonics 2, 185 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

Yariv, A.

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, O. F.

Yoshiki, W.

Yu, Y.

P. Colman, P. Lunnemann, Y. Yu, and J. Mork, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.-C.

Zilk, M.

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

I. Fushman, E. Waks, D. Englund, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 091118 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. J. Hardinga, T. G. Euser, Y.-R. Nowicki-Bringuier, J.-M. Gerard, and W. L. Vos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111103 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Husko, A. De Rossi, S. Combrie, Q. V. Tran, F. Raineri, and C. W. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021111 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, F. I. Baida, G. Ulliac, N. Courjal, M. Collet, and M.-P. Bernal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 151117 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Diziain, R. Geiss, M. Zilk, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 051117 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 821 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

M. Li, H. Liang, R. Luo, Y. He, and Q. Lin, Laser Photon. Rev. 13, 1800228 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

E. Feigenbaum, K. Diest, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 2111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (2)

M. Soljacic and J. D. Joannopoulos, Nat. Mater. 3, 211 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagasima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, Nat. Mater. 6, 862 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

D. E. Chang, V. Vuletic, and M. D. Lukin, Nat. Photonics 8, 685 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nozakil, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nat. Photonics 2, 185 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. C. Valley, M. Segev, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, M. M. Fejer, and M. C. Bashaw, Phys. Rev. A 50, R4457 (1994).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. B 74, 245119 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. Kondo, M. Shinkawa, Y. Hamachi, Y. Saito, Y. Arita, and T. Baba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 053902 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Colman, P. Lunnemann, Y. Yu, and J. Mork, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

R. Geiss, S. Diziain, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, Phys. Status Solidi A 211, 2421 (2014).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, and D. C. Rogers, Science 286, 1523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

G. P. Agrawal, Application of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2008).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer, 2006).

L. Maleki and A. Matsko, Ferroelectric Crystals for Photonic Applications (Springer, 2014), pp. 337–383.

W. Jiang, R. N. Patel, F. M. Mayor, T. P. McKenna, P. Arrangoiz-Arriola, C. J. Sarabalis, J. D. Witmer, R. Van Laer, and A. H. Safavi-Naeini, arXiv:1903.00957 (2019).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Design of LN photonic crystal nanocavity. (a) Dispersion property of the designed LN photonic crystal nanobeam for the TE-like polarization. The inset shows the structure of the unit cell (top view). The red point indicates the frequency of the fundamental TE-like point-defect mode, and the colored pink region indicates the photonic bandgap. (b) Lattice constant as a function of position, which is optimized for high radiation-limited optical Q. (c) The optical mode field profile of the fundamental TE-like cavity mode simulated by the finite element method. The left inset shows the orientation of the LN crystal where the optical axis is along the z direction. (e) Scanning electron microscopic image of a fabricated LN photonic crystal nanobeam.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental testing setup. Light is coupled into and out of the nanocavity via a tapered optical fiber. VOA, variable optical attenuator; MZI, Mach–Zehnder interferometer.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Linear optical property of a fabricated LN photonic crystal nanocavity. (a) Laser-scanned transmission spectrum and (b) its details of the fundamental TE-like cavity mode, with the experimental data shown in blue, and the theoretical fitting shown in red.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Optical tuning of the cavity resonance. (a) Recorded transmission spectra of the cavity at five different input powers from 72 to 432 nW, with a power step of 72 nW. (b) Induced wavelength shift of the cavity resonance as a function of the average number of photons inside the cavity, where the experimental data are shown as black dots, and the blue curve is a linear fitting, with a slope of 0.717 pm/photon (corresponding to 88.4 MHz/photon).