Abstract

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have attracted significant attention in the last three decades due to high quantum yield (QY) and tunable electronic properties via quantum confinement effect and material composition. However, their utilization for efficient solid-state lighting sources has remained a challenge due to the decrease of QY from the synthesis batch in the liquid state to the host matrix in the solid state, which is also known as the host material effect. Here, we suppress the host material effect by simple liquid-state integration in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that lead to a luminous efficiency of 64 lm/W for red, green, blue (RGB)-based and 105 lm/W for green, blue (GB)-based white light generation. For that, we maximized the QY of red- and green-emitting QDs by optimizing synthesis parameters and integrated efficient QDs with QY up to 84% on blue LED dies in liquid form at appropriate injection amounts for high-efficiency white lighting. Liquid-state integration showed two-fold and six-fold enhancement of efficiency in comparison with incorporation of QDs in polydimethylsiloxane film and close-packed formation, respectively. Our theoretical calculations predicted that the luminous efficiency of liquid QD-LEDs can reach over 200 lm/W. Therefore, this study paves the way toward ultra-high-efficiency QD-based lighting.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Fabrication of warm, high CRI white LED using non-cadmium quantum dots

Woo-Seuk Song, Sun-Hyoung Lee, and Heesun Yang
Opt. Mater. Express 3(9) 1468-1473 (2013)

Remote-type, high-color gamut white light-emitting diode based on InP quantum dot color converters

Sun-Hyoung Lee, Ki-Heon Lee, Jung-Ho Jo, Byoungnam Park, Yongwoo Kwon, Ho Seong Jang, and Heesun Yang
Opt. Mater. Express 4(7) 1297-1302 (2014)

Spectral optimization of color temperature tunable white LEDs based on perovskite quantum dots for ultrahigh color rendition

Wanlu Zhang, Wu Yang, Ping Zhong, Shiliang Mei, Guilin Zhang, Guoping Chen, Guoxing He, and Ruiqian Guo
Opt. Mater. Express 7(9) 3065-3076 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3, 180–182 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Y. Tsao, Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for General Illumination (Optoelectronics Industry Development Association, 2002), pp. 289–290.
  4. Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442, 381–386 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. Schmidt and A. R. Hawkins, “The photonic integration of non-solid media using optofluidics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 598–604 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing angles,” Nature 381, 212–215 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. P. Schäfer, Dye Lasers (Springer, 2013).
  12. C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  15. C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468–471 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  20. B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  21. X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019–7029 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  24. E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  25. H. Zhang, S. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Efficient red/green/blue tandem quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 21%,” ACS Nano 12, 697–704 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  26. H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  27. F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  29. B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  31. T. A. Klar, T. Franzl, A. L. Rogach, and J. Feldmann, “Super-efficient exciton funneling in layer-by-layer semiconductor nanocrystal structures,” Adv. Mater. 17, 769–773 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  32. S. Nizamoglu and H. V. Demir, “Resonant nonradiative energy transfer in CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystal solids enhances hybrid white light emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 16, 13961–13968 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  33. H. M. Haverinen, R. A. Myllylä, and G. E. Jabbour, “Inkjet printing of light emitting quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 073108 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  34. A. Kshirsagar, S. Pickering, J. Xu, and J. Ruzyllo, “Light emitting diodes formed using mist deposition of colloidal solution of CdSe nanocrystalline quantum dots,” ECS Trans. 35, 71–77 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  36. S. Jun and E. Jang, “Interfused semiconductor nanocrystals: brilliant blue photoluminescence and electroluminescence,” Chem. Commun., 4616–4618 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  37. E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley, 2005).
  38. C. Pu and X. Peng, “To battle surface traps on CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals: shell isolation versus surface treatment,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 8134–8142 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  39. R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  40. Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  41. J. C. McDonald and G. M. Whitesides, “Poly (dimethylsiloxane) as a material for fabricating microfluidic devices,” Acc. Chem. Res. 35, 491–499 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  42. L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution- processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5, 543–548 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  43. C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  44. H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  45. V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  46. Y.-S. Su, C.-C. Hsiao, and S.-R. Chung, “CdSe white quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” Proc. SPIE 9954, 99540B (2016).
    [Crossref]
  47. S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  48. H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  49. H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  50. K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  51. Y.-K. Kim, K.-C. Choi, Y.-K. Baek, and P.-W. Shin, “Enhanced luminescence stability of quantum dot-based inorganic nanocomposite particles for white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett. 124, 129–132 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  52. P.-H. Chuang, C. C. Lin, and R.-S. Liu, “Emission-tunable CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots: structure, optical properties, and application in white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 15379–15387 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  53. X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  54. S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  55. B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  56. X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  57. J. Ryckaert, A. Correia, M. D. Tessier, D. Dupont, Z. Hens, P. Hanselaer, and Y. Meuret, “Selecting the optimal synthesis parameters of InP/CdxZn 1–x Se quantum dots for a hybrid remote phosphor white LED for general lighting applications,” Opt. Express 25, A1009–A1022 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  58. H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  59. R. Melikov, Simulation Codes for White Light-Emitting Diodes (figshare, 2018), https://figshare.com/s/1f5950313347f81bba57 .

2018 (3)

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Efficient red/green/blue tandem quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 21%,” ACS Nano 12, 697–704 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

J. Ryckaert, A. Correia, M. D. Tessier, D. Dupont, Z. Hens, P. Hanselaer, and Y. Meuret, “Selecting the optimal synthesis parameters of InP/CdxZn 1–x Se quantum dots for a hybrid remote phosphor white LED for general lighting applications,” Opt. Express 25, A1009–A1022 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Pu and X. Peng, “To battle surface traps on CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals: shell isolation versus surface treatment,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 8134–8142 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Su, C.-C. Hsiao, and S.-R. Chung, “CdSe white quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” Proc. SPIE 9954, 99540B (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-K. Kim, K.-C. Choi, Y.-K. Baek, and P.-W. Shin, “Enhanced luminescence stability of quantum dot-based inorganic nanocomposite particles for white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett. 124, 129–132 (2014).
[Crossref]

P.-H. Chuang, C. C. Lin, and R.-S. Liu, “Emission-tunable CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots: structure, optical properties, and application in white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 15379–15387 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

H. Schmidt and A. R. Hawkins, “The photonic integration of non-solid media using optofluidics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 598–604 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Kshirsagar, S. Pickering, J. Xu, and J. Ruzyllo, “Light emitting diodes formed using mist deposition of colloidal solution of CdSe nanocrystalline quantum dots,” ECS Trans. 35, 71–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution- processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

H. M. Haverinen, R. A. Myllylä, and G. E. Jabbour, “Inkjet printing of light emitting quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 073108 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3, 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Nizamoglu and H. V. Demir, “Resonant nonradiative energy transfer in CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystal solids enhances hybrid white light emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 16, 13961–13968 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442, 381–386 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

T. A. Klar, T. Franzl, A. L. Rogach, and J. Feldmann, “Super-efficient exciton funneling in layer-by-layer semiconductor nanocrystal structures,” Adv. Mater. 17, 769–773 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. C. McDonald and G. M. Whitesides, “Poly (dimethylsiloxane) as a material for fabricating microfluidic devices,” Acc. Chem. Res. 35, 491–499 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468–471 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing angles,” Nature 381, 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ah, C. S.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Anikeeva, P.

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baek, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Kim, K.-C. Choi, Y.-K. Baek, and P.-W. Shin, “Enhanced luminescence stability of quantum dot-based inorganic nanocomposite particles for white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett. 124, 129–132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bahmani Jalali, H.

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bai, X.

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baik, H.

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bawendi, M. G.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beverina, L.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bianchi, E.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bradley, M. S.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bragheri, F.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brovelli, S.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bulovic, V.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bussian, D. A.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Casson, J. L.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. K.

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.-J.

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

H. Zhang, S. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Efficient red/green/blue tandem quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 21%,” ACS Nano 12, 697–704 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, T.-M.

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chien, S.-H.

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chin, L.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chiodi, I.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chirea, M.

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chiu, S.-H.

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cho, J.

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cho, Y.-H.

H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, K.-C.

Y.-K. Kim, K.-C. Choi, Y.-K. Baek, and P.-W. Shin, “Enhanced luminescence stability of quantum dot-based inorganic nanocomposite particles for white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett. 124, 129–132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chuang, P.-H.

P.-H. Chuang, C. C. Lin, and R.-S. Liu, “Emission-tunable CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots: structure, optical properties, and application in white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 15379–15387 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chung, S.-R.

Y.-S. Su, C.-C. Hsiao, and S.-R. Chung, “CdSe white quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” Proc. SPIE 9954, 99540B (2016).
[Crossref]

Coe-Sullivan, S.

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

Colombo, A.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Conroy, R. S.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Correia, A.

Craford, M. G.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dabbousi, B. O.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Demir, H. V.

DenBaars, S. P.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3, 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Di Tano, M.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Do, Y. R.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dogru, I. B.

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Du, Q.

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dupont, D.

Feldmann, J.

T. A. Klar, T. Franzl, A. L. Rogach, and J. Feldmann, “Super-efficient exciton funneling in layer-by-layer semiconductor nanocrystal structures,” Adv. Mater. 17, 769–773 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fischbach, M. A.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Franzl, T.

T. A. Klar, T. Franzl, A. L. Rogach, and J. Feldmann, “Super-efficient exciton funneling in layer-by-layer semiconductor nanocrystal structures,” Adv. Mater. 17, 769–773 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fu, C.-C.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ganesh Kumar, B.

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gao, W.

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Garstecki, P.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gessmann, T.

E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley, 2005).

Ghosh, Y.

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guyot-Sionnest, P.

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468–471 (1996).
[Crossref]

Halpert, J. E.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

Han, H.-V.

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hanselaer, P.

Harbers, G.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Haverinen, H. M.

H. M. Haverinen, R. A. Myllylä, and G. E. Jabbour, “Inkjet printing of light emitting quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 073108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hawkins, A. R.

H. Schmidt and A. R. Hawkins, “The photonic integration of non-solid media using optofluidics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 598–604 (2011).
[Crossref]

Heine, J. R.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hens, Z.

Hines, M. A.

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468–471 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hollingsworth, J. A.

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Holloway, P. H.

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution- processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hong, A.

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hong, C.-H.

H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hsiao, C.-C.

Y.-S. Su, C.-C. Hsiao, and S.-R. Chung, “CdSe white quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” Proc. SPIE 9954, 99540B (2016).
[Crossref]

Htoon, H.

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hua, J.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.-H.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huggins, R. A.

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huh, C.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hyvonen, J.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ichikawa, M.

Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jabbour, G. E.

H. M. Haverinen, R. A. Myllylä, and G. E. Jabbour, “Inkjet printing of light emitting quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 073108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jang, E.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Jun and E. Jang, “Interfused semiconductor nanocrystals: brilliant blue photoluminescence and electroluminescence,” Chem. Commun., 4616–4618 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jang, H. S.

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jensen, K. F.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ji, C.

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ji, W.

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jing, P.

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jun, S.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Jun and E. Jang, “Interfused semiconductor nanocrystals: brilliant blue photoluminescence and electroluminescence,” Chem. Commun., 4616–4618 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kadavanich, A. V.

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. K.

E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley, 2005).

Kim, J.-H.

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, L. A.

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Kim, K.-C. Choi, Y.-K. Baek, and P.-W. Shin, “Enhanced luminescence stability of quantum dot-based inorganic nanocomposite particles for white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett. 124, 129–132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Klar, T. A.

T. A. Klar, T. Franzl, A. L. Rogach, and J. Feldmann, “Super-efficient exciton funneling in layer-by-layer semiconductor nanocrystal structures,” Adv. Mater. 17, 769–773 (2005).
[Crossref]

Klimov, V. I.

H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koo, M.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Krames, M. R.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kshirsagar, A.

A. Kshirsagar, S. Pickering, J. Xu, and J. Ruzyllo, “Light emitting diodes formed using mist deposition of colloidal solution of CdSe nanocrystalline quantum dots,” ECS Trans. 35, 71–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kumar, B. G.

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Laocharoensuk, R.

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lau, S.

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.-Y.

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. J.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.-S.

H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, P.-T.

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. Y.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lei, L.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J.-R.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, L. S.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.

H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. C.

P.-H. Chuang, C. C. Lin, and R.-S. Liu, “Emission-tunable CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots: structure, optical properties, and application in white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 15379–15387 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-C.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-H.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.-Y.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, A.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, G.

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, R.

B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, R.-S.

P.-H. Chuang, C. C. Lin, and R.-S. Liu, “Emission-tunable CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots: structure, optical properties, and application in white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 15379–15387 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lorenzon, M.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luk, C.

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, R.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mattoussi, H.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mayers, B. T.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

McDonald, J. C.

J. C. McDonald and G. M. Whitesides, “Poly (dimethylsiloxane) as a material for fabricating microfluidic devices,” Acc. Chem. Res. 35, 491–499 (2002).
[Crossref]

McIlwrath, K.

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Meinardi, F.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Melikov, R.

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Meng, X.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meuret, Y.

Mikulec, F. V.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Minzioni, P.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mohammadi Aria, M.

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mueller, G. O.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mueller-Mach, R.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mukai, T.

Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Myllylä, R. A.

H. M. Haverinen, R. A. Myllylä, and G. E. Jabbour, “Inkjet printing of light emitting quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 073108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3, 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Narukawa, Y.

Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nava, G.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nizamoglu, S.

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Nizamoglu and H. V. Demir, “Resonant nonradiative energy transfer in CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystal solids enhances hybrid white light emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 16, 13961–13968 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ober, R.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Oh, J. H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ohl, C.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Osellame, R.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ow-Yang, C. W.

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pal, B. N.

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Panzer, M. J.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, K.-I.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Park, S. H.

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

Paul, K. E.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Peng, H.

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

C. Pu and X. Peng, “To battle surface traps on CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals: shell isolation versus surface treatment,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 8134–8142 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pickering, S.

A. Kshirsagar, S. Pickering, J. Xu, and J. Ruzyllo, “Light emitting diodes formed using mist deposition of colloidal solution of CdSe nanocrystalline quantum dots,” ECS Trans. 35, 71–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pimputkar, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3, 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Prentiss, M.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Press, D. A.

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Psaltis, D.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442, 381–386 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pu, C.

C. Pu and X. Peng, “To battle surface traps on CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals: shell isolation versus surface treatment,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 8134–8142 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qian, L.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution- processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Quake, S. R.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442, 381–386 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez-Viejo, J.

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rogach, A. L.

T. A. Klar, T. Franzl, A. L. Rogach, and J. Feldmann, “Super-efficient exciton funneling in layer-by-layer semiconductor nanocrystal structures,” Adv. Mater. 17, 769–773 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ruan, C.

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ruzyllo, J.

A. Kshirsagar, S. Pickering, J. Xu, and J. Ruzyllo, “Light emitting diodes formed using mist deposition of colloidal solution of CdSe nanocrystalline quantum dots,” ECS Trans. 35, 71–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ryckaert, J.

Ryu, J.-H.

H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sadeghi, S.

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sanga, D.

Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sano, M.

Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schadt, M.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing angles,” Nature 381, 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Schäfer, F. P.

F. P. Schäfer, Dye Lasers (Springer, 2013).

Schlamp, M. C.

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt and A. R. Hawkins, “The photonic integration of non-solid media using optofluidics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 598–604 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley, 2005).

Schuster, A.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing angles,” Nature 381, 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Seiberle, H.

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing angles,” Nature 381, 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Shchekin, O. B.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shen, H.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sher, C.-W.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shih, M.-H.

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shin, P.-W.

Y.-K. Kim, K.-C. Choi, Y.-K. Baek, and P.-W. Shin, “Enhanced luminescence stability of quantum dot-based inorganic nanocomposite particles for white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett. 124, 129–132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Simonutti, R.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Snee, P.

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

Song, H.-J.

H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
[Crossref]

Speck, J. S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3, 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Steckel, J. S.

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stott, N. E.

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

Su, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Su, C.-C. Hsiao, and S.-R. Chung, “CdSe white quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” Proc. SPIE 9954, 99540B (2016).
[Crossref]

Sun, Q.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, X. W.

H. Zhang, S. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Efficient red/green/blue tandem quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 21%,” ACS Nano 12, 697–704 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sung, G. Y.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, L.

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Teng, K.

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tessier, M. D.

Titov, A.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsao, J. Y.

J. Y. Tsao, Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for General Illumination (Optoelectronics Industry Development Association, 2002), pp. 289–290.

Tu, H.-H.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tu, Z.-Y.

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vazquez, R. M.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Veglione, M.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vela, J.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Velizhanin, K. A.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Viswanatha, R.

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.-Y.

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.-W.

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. A.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Werder, D. J.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Whitesides, G. M.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. C. McDonald and G. M. Whitesides, “Poly (dimethylsiloxane) as a material for fabricating microfluidic devices,” Acc. Chem. Res. 35, 491–499 (2002).
[Crossref]

William, W. Y.

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wolfe, D. B.

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wood, V.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

A. Kshirsagar, S. Pickering, J. Xu, and J. Ruzyllo, “Light emitting diodes formed using mist deposition of colloidal solution of CdSe nanocrystalline quantum dots,” ECS Trans. 35, 71–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xue, J.

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution- processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, L.

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442, 381–386 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. J.

S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, T.

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yilgör, I.

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yoo, H. G.

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoon, H.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yoon, H. C.

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zeng, R.

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, S. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Efficient red/green/blue tandem quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 21%,” ACS Nano 12, 697–704 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. F.

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N.

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution- processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H.

B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhong, X.

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, D.

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T.

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zimmer, J. P.

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zou, B.

B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

J. C. McDonald and G. M. Whitesides, “Poly (dimethylsiloxane) as a material for fabricating microfluidic devices,” Acc. Chem. Res. 35, 491–499 (2002).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (6)

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5, 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref]

P.-H. Chuang, C. C. Lin, and R.-S. Liu, “Emission-tunable CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots: structure, optical properties, and application in white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6, 15379–15387 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Yuan, R. Ma, W. Zhang, J. Hua, X. Meng, X. Zhong, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Dual emissive manganese and copper co-doped Zn-In–S quantum dots as a single color-converter for high color rendering white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 8659–8666 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. H. Park, A. Hong, J.-H. Kim, H. Yang, K. Lee, and H. S. Jang, “Highly bright yellow-green-emitting CuInS2 colloidal quantum dots with core/shell/shell architecture for white light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 6764–6771 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yoon, H. Kang, S. Lee, J. H. Oh, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Study of perovskite QD down-converted LEDs and six-color white LEDs for future displays with excellent color performance,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, 18189–18200 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sadeghi, H. Bahmani Jalali, R. Melikov, B. Ganesh Kumar, M. Mohammadi Aria, C. W. Ow-Yang, and S. Nizamoğlu, “Stokes-shift-engineered indium phosphide quantum dots for efficient luminescent solar concentrators,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 12975–12982 (2018).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

H. Zhang, S. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Efficient red/green/blue tandem quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 21%,” ACS Nano 12, 697–704 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (4)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. A. Klar, T. Franzl, A. L. Rogach, and J. Feldmann, “Super-efficient exciton funneling in layer-by-layer semiconductor nanocrystal structures,” Adv. Mater. 17, 769–773 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lim, S. Jun, E. Jang, H. Baik, H. Kim, and J. Cho, “Preparation of highly luminescent nanocrystals and their application to light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19, 1927–1932 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot-polymer composites for full-color ac-driven displays,” Adv. Mater. 21, 2151–2155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) (2)

J. S. Steckel, J. P. Zimmer, S. Coe-Sullivan, N. E. Stott, V. Bulović, and M. G. Bawendi, “Blue luminescence from (CdS) ZnS core–shell nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 43, 2154–2158 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, P. Snee, S. Coe-Sullivan, J. P. Zimmer, J. E. Halpert, P. Anikeeva, L. A. Kim, V. Bulovic, and M. G. Bawendi, “Color-saturated green-emitting QD-LEDs,” Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 45, 5796–5799 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. M. Haverinen, R. A. Myllylä, and G. E. Jabbour, “Inkjet printing of light emitting quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 073108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Lu, X. Bai, Y. Lin, C. Ji, H. Wu, C. Ruan, W. Gao, Y. Wang, and Q. Du, “Liquid-type AgInS 2/ZnS quantum dot-based warm white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 661, 228–233 (2016).
[Crossref]

ECS Trans. (1)

A. Kshirsagar, S. Pickering, J. Xu, and J. Ruzyllo, “Light emitting diodes formed using mist deposition of colloidal solution of CdSe nanocrystalline quantum dots,” ECS Trans. 35, 71–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

K.-J. Chen, C.-C. Lin, H.-V. Han, C.-Y. Lee, S.-H. Chien, K.-Y. Wang, S.-H. Chiu, Z.-Y. Tu, J.-R. Li, and T.-M. Chen, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 23–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

H.-Y. Lin, S.-W. Wang, C.-C. Lin, K.-J. Chen, H.-V. Han, Z.-Y. Tu, H.-H. Tu, T.-M. Chen, M.-H. Shih, and P.-T. Lee, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22, 35–41 (2016).
[Crossref]

Integr. Biol. (1)

R. M. Vazquez, G. Nava, M. Veglione, T. Yang, F. Bragheri, P. Minzioni, E. Bianchi, M. Di Tano, I. Chiodi, and R. Osellame, “An optofluidic constriction chip for monitoring metastatic potential and drug response of cancer cells,” Integr. Biol. 7, 477–484 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (3)

X. Peng, M. C. Schlamp, A. V. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth of highly luminescent CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with photostability and electronic accessibility,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119, 7019–7029 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, “‘Giant’ multishell CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots with suppressed blinking,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026–5027 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Pu and X. Peng, “To battle surface traps on CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals: shell isolation versus surface treatment,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 8134–8142 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. Ganesh Kumar, S. Sadeghi, and S. Nizamoglu, “Unravelling radiative energy transfer in solid-state lighting,” J. Appl. Phys. 123, 023103 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

C. Luk, L. Tang, W. Zhang, S. Yu, K. Teng, and S. Lau, “An efficient and stable fluorescent graphene quantum dot-agar composite as a converting material in white light emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem. 22, 22378–22381 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

S. J. Yang, J. H. Oh, S. Kim, H. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Realization of InP/ZnS quantum dots for green, amber and red down- converted LEDs and their color-tunable, four-package white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 3582–3591 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

M. A. Hines and P. Guyot-Sionnest, “Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 468–471 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

B. O. Dabbousi, J. Rodriguez-Viejo, F. V. Mikulec, J. R. Heine, H. Mattoussi, R. Ober, K. F. Jensen, and M. G. Bawendi, “(CdSe) ZnS core-shell quantum dots: synthesis and characterization of a size series of highly luminescent nanocrystallites,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9463–9475 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

Y. Narukawa, M. Ichikawa, D. Sanga, M. Sano, and T. Mukai, “White light emitting diodes with super-high luminous efficacy,” J. Phys. D 43, 354002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lab Chip (1)

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Lei, L. Chin, C. Ohl, Q. Wang, and H. Yoon, “A tunable 3D optofluidic waveguide dye laser via two centrifugal Dean flow streams,” Lab Chip 11, 3182–3187 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

Y.-K. Kim, K.-C. Choi, Y.-K. Baek, and P.-W. Shin, “Enhanced luminescence stability of quantum dot-based inorganic nanocomposite particles for white-light-emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett. 124, 129–132 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Energy (1)

S. Y. Lee, K.-I. Park, C. Huh, M. Koo, H. G. Yoo, S. Kim, C. S. Ah, G. Y. Sung, and K. J. Lee, “Water-resistant flexible GaN LED on a liquid crystal polymer substrate for implantable biomedical applications,” Nano Energy 1, 145–151 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

B. N. Pal, Y. Ghosh, S. Brovelli, R. Laocharoensuk, V. I. Klimov, J. A. Hollingsworth, and H. Htoon, “‘Giant’CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystal quantum dots as efficient electroluminescent materials: strong influence of shell thickness on light-emitting diode performance,” Nano Lett. 12, 331–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (2)

C.-W. Sher, C.-H. Lin, H.-Y. Lin, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Huang, K.-J. Chen, J.-R. Li, K.-Y. Wang, H.-H. Tu, and C.-C. Fu, “A high quality liquid-type quantum dot white light-emitting diode,” Nanoscale 8, 1117–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Chen, H. Zhong, M. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS 2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale 5, 3514–3519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (3)

X. Yuan, J. Hua, R. Zeng, D. Zhu, W. Ji, P. Jing, X. Meng, J. Zhao, and H. Li, “Efficient white light emitting diodes based on Cu-doped ZnInS/ZnS core/shell quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 25, 435202 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, K.-S. Lee, J.-H. Ryu, C.-H. Hong, and Y.-H. Cho, “White light emitting diodes realized by using an active packaging method with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots dispersed in photosensitive epoxy resins,” Nanotechnology 19, 145202 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, X. Bai, T. Wang, L. Yan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and W. Y. William, “Efficient near-infrared light-emitting diodes based on liquid PbSe quantum dots,” Nanotechnology 28, 215703 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

Y. Yang, A. Liu, L. Chin, X. Zhang, D. Tsai, C. Lin, C. Lu, G. Wang, and N. Zheludev, “Optofluidic waveguide as a transformation optics device for lightwave bending and manipulation,” Nat. Commun. 3, 651 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Energy (1)

H. Li, K. Wu, J. Lim, H.-J. Song, and V. I. Klimov, “Doctor-blade deposition of quantum dots onto standard window glass for low- loss large-area luminescent solar concentrators,” Nat. Energy 1, 16157 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu, K. McIlwrath, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Huggins, and Y. Cui, “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 31–35 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (5)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3, 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Schmidt and A. R. Hawkins, “The photonic integration of non-solid media using optofluidics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 598–604 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Sun, Y. A. Wang, L. S. Li, D. Wang, T. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Yang, and Y. Li, “Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 1, 717–722 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Meinardi, A. Colombo, K. A. Velizhanin, R. Simonutti, M. Lorenzon, L. Beverina, R. Viswanatha, V. I. Klimov, and S. Brovelli, “Large-area luminescent solar concentrators based on ‘Stokes-shift-engineered’ nanocrystals in a mass-polymerized PMMA matrix,” Nat. Photonics 8, 392–399 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution- processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5, 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442, 381–386 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, H. Seiberle, and A. Schuster, “Optical patterning of multi-domain liquid-crystal displays with wide viewing angles,” Nature 381, 212–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

D. B. Wolfe, R. S. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. T. Mayers, M. A. Fischbach, K. E. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. M. Whitesides, “Dynamic control of liquid-core/liquid-cladding optical waveguides,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434–12438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y.-S. Su, C.-C. Hsiao, and S.-R. Chung, “CdSe white quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” Proc. SPIE 9954, 99540B (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

R. Melikov, D. A. Press, B. G. Kumar, I. B. Dogru, S. Sadeghi, M. Chirea, İ. Yılgör, and S. Nizamoglu, “Silk-hydrogel lenses for light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7258 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

F. P. Schäfer, Dye Lasers (Springer, 2013).

J. Y. Tsao, Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) for General Illumination (Optoelectronics Industry Development Association, 2002), pp. 289–290.

S. Jun and E. Jang, “Interfused semiconductor nanocrystals: brilliant blue photoluminescence and electroluminescence,” Chem. Commun., 4616–4618 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. F. Schubert, T. Gessmann, and J. K. Kim, Light Emitting Diodes (Wiley, 2005).

R. Melikov, Simulation Codes for White Light-Emitting Diodes (figshare, 2018), https://figshare.com/s/1f5950313347f81bba57 .

Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Code 1       Simulation code
» Supplement 1       Supplemental document

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic of the LQD-LED. The red and green spheres represent red- and green-emitting QDs in a liquid, respectively. QDs absorb the blue electroluminescence and emit red and green light. The combination of red and green emission by QDs and blue emission by a blue LED die generates white light. (b) Photograph of an exemplary white LQD-LED, while it is turned on.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Optimization of the QY of the CdSe core by modifying the temperature and time. (b) Optimization of the QY of the CdSe/CdS core/shell QDs by varying the reaction time at 300°C. (c) Effect of multiple ZnS shelling on the QY of CdSe/CdS/ZnS core/shell/shell QDs. (d) Absorbance and photoluminescence spectra of CdSe (upper panel), CdSe/CdS (middle panel) and CdSe/CdS/ZnS (lower panel) QDs at the optimized reaction time and temperatures. Inset: photograph of the QD solutions at each step under 365 nm UV radiation. The optimized operating points were placed in solid red circles (n=3).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Optimization of QY of green-emitting CdSe core QDs by changing the temperature at 2 min reaction time. (b) The absorbance and photoluminescence spectra of optimized CdSe core (upper panel), CdSe//ZnS core (middle panel), and CdSe//ZnS/CdSZnS core/shell (lower panel) QDs. Inset: photograph of the QD solutions at each step under 365 nm UV radiation. (c) Optimization of QY of CdSe//ZnS interfused core QDs by varying the reaction time at 320°C. (d) Optimization of QY of CdSe//ZnS/CdSZnS QDs by modifying CdSZnS shelling reaction time at 320°C. The optimized operating points were placed in solid red circles (n=3).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. EQE of (a) red-emitting CdSe/CdS/ZnS and (b) green-emitting CdSe//ZnS/CdSZnS QDs at different optical density levels. The photoluminescence peak position and FWHM of (c) red-emitting CdSe/CdS/ZnS and (d) green-emitting CdSe//ZnS/CdSZnS QDs at different optical density levels. The star symbols show the experimentally measured data points, and the solid lines show the theoretically simulated data points. (e) Counter plot of luminous efficiency with the combinations of red- and green-emitting QDs at different optical density levels (η=0.77). White color coordinates were shown as the dashed bright region (white region). (f) Luminous efficiency simulation results for different QYs of red- and green-emitting QDs illuminated with a blue LED pump with EQE = 50% (i.e., max LE) and 85% (i.e., max LE with EQE = 85%) while η=0.77.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) PDMS polymeric lens. (b) Blue LED die on the board. (c) Schematic of the fabrication process. The PDMS lens was placed on top of the chip and adhered via UV curable polymer with 365 nm UV irradiation. Afterward, red- and green-emitting QDs were injected into the lens. (d) Photograph of LQD-LED under ambient light. (e) Photograph of LQD-LED when it was turned on. (f) Spectrum of the white LQD-LED. Inset: the black dashed triangle shows the color gamut in CIE 1931 color coordinates. (g) White LED spectra at different injection currents from 10 to 150 mA. (h) Photograph taken from a display illuminated by two white LQD-LEDs that were used as backlights in a 7-inch LCD TV. (i) Optical stability of the LQD-LEDs after 100 h illumination. (j) LE of the previous reports that use QDs as the only color converter. The red and green colors refer to dual- and single-type quantum dot combinations for white LEDs, respectively. The red and green stars correspond to our dual- (RGB) and single-type (GB) quantum dot combinations for white LEDs, respectively.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Photograph of close-packed QD-LED when it was turned OFF under ambient light (left) and turned ON (right). In this close-packed QD-LED configuration, QDs were directly dried on top of the blue LED die. (b) Photograph of solid-state QD-LED when it was turned OFF under ambient light (left) and turned ON (right). In the solid-state QD-LED configuration, QDs were dispersed and cured in a PDMS polymeric matrix on top of a blue LED die. (c) The spectrum of the close-packed QD-LED at a current injection level of 10 mA. Inset: (x, y) tristimulus coordinates of the close-packed QD-LED. (d) Spectrum of the solid-state QD-LED at a current injection level of 10 mA. Inset: (x, y) tristimulus coordinates of the close-packed QD-LED. (e) LE of all the QD-LEDs at a current injection level of 10 mA.