Abstract

Plasma-based x-ray lasers allow single-shot nano-scale imaging and other experiments requiring a large number of photons per pulse to be conducted in compact facilities. However, compact repetitively fired gain-saturated x-ray lasers have been limited to wavelengths above λ=8.85  nm. Here we extend their range to λ=6.85  nm by transient traveling wave excitation of Ni-like Gd ions in a plasma created with an optimized pre-pulse followed by rapid heating with an intense sub-picosecond pump pulse. Isoelectronic scaling also produced strong lasing at 6.67 nm and 6.11 nm in Ni-like Tb and amplification at 6.41 nm and 5.85 nm in Ni-like Dy. This scaling to shorter wavelengths was obtained by progressively increasing the pump pulse grazing incidence angle to access increased plasma densities. We experimentally demonstrate that the optimum grazing incidence angle increases linearly with atomic number from 17 deg for Z=42 (Mo) to 43 deg for Z=66 (Dy). The results will enable applications of sub-7 nm lasers at compact facilities.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

Kuznetsov, J. Filevich, F. Dong, M. Woolston, W. L. Chao, E. H. Anderson, E. R. Bernstein, D. C. Crick, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Three-dimensional nanoscale molecular imaging by extreme ultraviolet laser ablation mass spectrometry,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6944 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

B. A. Reagan, M. Berrill, K. A. Wernsing, C. Baumgarten, M. Woolston, and J. J. Rocca, “High-average-power, 100-Hz repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 053820 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2011 (2)

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded, table-top soft-X-ray lasers at 18.9 nm and 13.9 nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing- incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

H. Daido, “Review of soft x-ray laser researches and developments,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 65, 1513–1576 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, “Hullac, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasmas,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 71, 169–188 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for tabletop, Ni-Like ion transient x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

J. J. Rocca, “Table-top soft X-ray lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3799–3827 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia and E. E. Fill, “Traveling-wave excitation of an x-ray laser medium,” Proc. SPIE 2012, 258 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

R. A. London, “Beam optics of exploding foil plasma x-ray lasers,” Phys. Fluids 31, 184–192 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

A. V. Vinogradov and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Characteristics of a laser plasma x-ray source (review),” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1–14 (1987).
[Crossref]

Abou-Ali, Y.

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Alessi, D.

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Brizuela, S. Carbajo, A. Sakdinawat, D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, B. Luther, K. A. Goldberg, I. Mochi, D. T. Attwood, B. La Fontaine, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Extreme ultraviolet laser-based table-top aerial image metrology of lithographic masks,” Opt. Express 18, 14467 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded, table-top soft-X-ray lasers at 18.9 nm and 13.9 nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

Anderson, E. H.

Kuznetsov, J. Filevich, F. Dong, M. Woolston, W. L. Chao, E. H. Anderson, E. R. Bernstein, D. C. Crick, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Three-dimensional nanoscale molecular imaging by extreme ultraviolet laser ablation mass spectrometry,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6944 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ando, M.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Attwood, D. T.

Aubert, D.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Balcou, Ph.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Balmer, J. E.

J. E. Balmer, F. Staub, and F. Jia, “Soft-X-ray lasing down to 6.85 nm in Ni-like samarium,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2014), Vol. 147, Chap. 5.

Barbee, T. W.

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bar-Shalom, A.

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, “Hullac, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasmas,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 71, 169–188 (2001).
[Crossref]

Baumgarten, C.

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La Fontaine, B.

Larotonda, M. A.

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

le Pape, S.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lefrou, T.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lewis, C. L. S.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Li, Y.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for tabletop, Ni-Like ion transient x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liddle, J. A.

Lin, J.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.-Y.

Lin, P.-H.

Liu, Y.

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

London, R. A.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. A. London, “Beam optics of exploding foil plasma x-ray lasers,” Phys. Fluids 31, 184–192 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

Luther, B.

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Brizuela, S. Carbajo, A. Sakdinawat, D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, B. Luther, K. A. Goldberg, I. Mochi, D. T. Attwood, B. La Fontaine, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Extreme ultraviolet laser-based table-top aerial image metrology of lithographic masks,” Opt. Express 18, 14467 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded, table-top soft-X-ray lasers at 18.9 nm and 13.9 nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luther, B. M.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, A. Rockwood, B. M. Luther, R. Hollinger, A. Curtis, C. Calvi, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “0.85 PW laser operation at 3.3 Hz and high-contrast ultrahigh-intensity λ = 400 nm second-harmonic beamline,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3828–3831 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

MacGowan, B. J.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

MacPhee, A. G.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Marconi, M. C.

Y. Wang, L. Yin, S. Wang, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, E. Gullikson, and J. J. Rocca, “Single-shot soft X-ray laser linewidth measurement using a grating interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5004–5007 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

Martz, D.

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

Martz, D. H.

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

F. Brizuela, S. Carbajo, A. Sakdinawat, D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, B. Luther, K. A. Goldberg, I. Mochi, D. T. Attwood, B. La Fontaine, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Extreme ultraviolet laser-based table-top aerial image metrology of lithographic masks,” Opt. Express 18, 14467 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maruyama, H.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Matthews, D. L.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

Maxon, S.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
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McCabe, S.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
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McNeil, B. W. J.

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
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Meng, L. M.

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

Menoni, C. S.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, A. Rockwood, B. M. Luther, R. Hollinger, A. Curtis, C. Calvi, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “0.85 PW laser operation at 3.3 Hz and high-contrast ultrahigh-intensity λ = 400 nm second-harmonic beamline,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3828–3831 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Baumgarten, M. Pedicone, H. Bravo, H. Wang, L. Yin, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, and B. A. Reagan, “1 J, 0.5 kHz repetition rate picosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3339–3342 (2016).
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Kuznetsov, J. Filevich, F. Dong, M. Woolston, W. L. Chao, E. H. Anderson, E. R. Bernstein, D. C. Crick, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Three-dimensional nanoscale molecular imaging by extreme ultraviolet laser ablation mass spectrometry,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6944 (2015).
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F. Brizuela, S. Carbajo, A. Sakdinawat, D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, B. Luther, K. A. Goldberg, I. Mochi, D. T. Attwood, B. La Fontaine, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Extreme ultraviolet laser-based table-top aerial image metrology of lithographic masks,” Opt. Express 18, 14467 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mercère, P.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Merdji, H.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mocek, T.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mochi, I.

Moon, S.

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

Morlens, A. S.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Morozov, A.

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

Mrowka, S.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

Murai, K.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
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Nagashima, K.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Namikawa, K.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Neely, D.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Nickles, P. V.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
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Nilsen, J.

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for tabletop, Ni-Like ion transient x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ninomiya, S.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
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Notley, M.

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Oreg, J.

A. Bar-Shalom, M. Klapisch, and J. Oreg, “Hullac, an integrated computer package for atomic processes in plasmas,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 71, 169–188 (2001).
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Oshikane, Y.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[Crossref]

Osterheld, A. L.

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for tabletop, Ni-Like ion transient x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

Patel, P. K.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing- incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pedaci, F.

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded, table-top soft-X-ray lasers at 18.9 nm and 13.9 nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pedicone, M.

Pert, G. J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Pestehe, S. J.

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Price, D. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing- incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Reagan, B. A.

C. Baumgarten, M. Pedicone, H. Bravo, H. Wang, L. Yin, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, and B. A. Reagan, “1 J, 0.5 kHz repetition rate picosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3339–3342 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. A. Reagan, M. Berrill, K. A. Wernsing, C. Baumgarten, M. Woolston, and J. J. Rocca, “High-average-power, 100-Hz repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 053820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rocca, J. J.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, A. Rockwood, B. M. Luther, R. Hollinger, A. Curtis, C. Calvi, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “0.85 PW laser operation at 3.3 Hz and high-contrast ultrahigh-intensity λ = 400 nm second-harmonic beamline,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3828–3831 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Baumgarten, M. Pedicone, H. Bravo, H. Wang, L. Yin, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, and B. A. Reagan, “1 J, 0.5 kHz repetition rate picosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3339–3342 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, J. Filevich, F. Dong, M. Woolston, W. L. Chao, E. H. Anderson, E. R. Bernstein, D. C. Crick, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Three-dimensional nanoscale molecular imaging by extreme ultraviolet laser ablation mass spectrometry,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6944 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. A. Reagan, M. Berrill, K. A. Wernsing, C. Baumgarten, M. Woolston, and J. J. Rocca, “High-average-power, 100-Hz repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 053820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, L. Yin, S. Wang, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, E. Gullikson, and J. J. Rocca, “Single-shot soft X-ray laser linewidth measurement using a grating interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5004–5007 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

F. Brizuela, S. Carbajo, A. Sakdinawat, D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, B. Luther, K. A. Goldberg, I. Mochi, D. T. Attwood, B. La Fontaine, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Extreme ultraviolet laser-based table-top aerial image metrology of lithographic masks,” Opt. Express 18, 14467 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded, table-top soft-X-ray lasers at 18.9 nm and 13.9 nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. J. Rocca, “Table-top soft X-ray lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3799–3827 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rockwood, A.

Ros, D.

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Rousseau, J. P.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sakdinawat, A.

Sandner, W.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sawada, A.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schnurer, M.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[Crossref]

Scofield, J. H.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

Scully, M.

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

Sebban, S.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shimkaveg, G.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing- incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for tabletop, Ni-Like ion transient x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. V. Vinogradov and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Characteristics of a laser plasma x-ray source (review),” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1–14 (1987).
[Crossref]

Smith, R.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Smith, R. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing- incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sprangle, P.

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

Staub, F.

J. E. Balmer, F. Staub, and F. Jia, “Soft-X-ray lasing down to 6.85 nm in Ni-like samarium,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2014), Vol. 147, Chap. 5.

Strati, F.

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Suckewer, S.

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

Sukegawa, K.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Svidzinshy, A.

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

Tai, R. Z.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Takabe, H.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[Crossref]

Takagi, M.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tallents, G. J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Tanaka, M.

R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Thompson, N. R.

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
[Crossref]

Topping, S.

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

Trebes, J. E.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

Valentin, C.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vaschenko, G.

Vinogradov, A. V.

A. V. Vinogradov and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Characteristics of a laser plasma x-ray source (review),” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1–14 (1987).
[Crossref]

Walling, R. S.

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

Wang, S.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, A. Rockwood, B. M. Luther, R. Hollinger, A. Curtis, C. Calvi, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “0.85 PW laser operation at 3.3 Hz and high-contrast ultrahigh-intensity λ = 400 nm second-harmonic beamline,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3828–3831 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, L. Yin, S. Wang, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, E. Gullikson, and J. J. Rocca, “Single-shot soft X-ray laser linewidth measurement using a grating interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5004–5007 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

F. Brizuela, S. Carbajo, A. Sakdinawat, D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, B. Luther, K. A. Goldberg, I. Mochi, D. T. Attwood, B. La Fontaine, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Extreme ultraviolet laser-based table-top aerial image metrology of lithographic masks,” Opt. Express 18, 14467 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded, table-top soft-X-ray lasers at 18.9 nm and 13.9 nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wark, J. S.

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wernsing, K. A.

B. A. Reagan, M. Berrill, K. A. Wernsing, C. Baumgarten, M. Woolston, and J. J. Rocca, “High-average-power, 100-Hz repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 053820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Will, I.

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
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Wolfrum, E.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
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J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Woolston, M.

Kuznetsov, J. Filevich, F. Dong, M. Woolston, W. L. Chao, E. H. Anderson, E. R. Bernstein, D. C. Crick, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Three-dimensional nanoscale molecular imaging by extreme ultraviolet laser ablation mass spectrometry,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6944 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. A. Reagan, M. Berrill, K. A. Wernsing, C. Baumgarten, M. Woolston, and J. J. Rocca, “High-average-power, 100-Hz repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 053820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Woolston, M. R.

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

Yin, L.

Yuan, G.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zeitoun, Ph.

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
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Zhang, J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

Kuznetsov, J. Filevich, F. Dong, M. Woolston, W. L. Chao, E. H. Anderson, E. R. Bernstein, D. C. Crick, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Three-dimensional nanoscale molecular imaging by extreme ultraviolet laser ablation mass spectrometry,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6944 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Phase-coherent, injection-seeded, table-top soft-X-ray lasers at 18.9 nm and 13.9 nm,” Nat. Photonics 2, 94–98 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

Ph. Zeitoun, G. Faivre, S. Sebban, T. Mocek, A. Hallou, M. Fajardo, D. Aubert, Ph. Balcou, F. Burgy, D. Douillet, S. Kazamias, G. de Lachèze-Murel, T. Lefrou, S. le Pape, P. Mercère, H. Merdji, A. S. Morlens, J. P. Rousseau, and C. Valentin, “A high-intensity highly coherent soft X-ray femtosecond laser seeded by a high harmonic beam,” Nature 431, 426–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

F. Brizuela, S. Carbajo, A. Sakdinawat, D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, B. Luther, K. A. Goldberg, I. Mochi, D. T. Attwood, B. La Fontaine, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Extreme ultraviolet laser-based table-top aerial image metrology of lithographic masks,” Opt. Express 18, 14467 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. M. Meng, D. Alessi, O. Guilbaud, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, S. R. Domingue, D. H. Martz, D. Joyeux, S. De Rossi, J. J. Rocca, and A. Klisnick, “Temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of an injection-seeded transient collisional soft x-ray laser,” Opt. Express 36, 2164 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Y. Wang, L. Yin, S. Wang, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, E. Gullikson, and J. J. Rocca, “Single-shot soft X-ray laser linewidth measurement using a grating interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5004–5007 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Baumgarten, M. Pedicone, H. Bravo, H. Wang, L. Yin, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, and B. A. Reagan, “1 J, 0.5 kHz repetition rate picosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3339–3342 (2016).
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Y. Wang, S. Wang, A. Rockwood, B. M. Luther, R. Hollinger, A. Curtis, C. Calvi, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “0.85 PW laser operation at 3.3 Hz and high-contrast ultrahigh-intensity λ = 400 nm second-harmonic beamline,” Opt. Lett. 42, 3828–3831 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Saturated high-repitition-rate 18.9-nm tabletop laser in nickellike molybdenum,” Opt. Lett. 30, 165–167 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Vaschenko, C. Brewer, F. Brizuela, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, E. H. Anderson, W. Chao, B. D. Harteneck, J. A. Liddle, Y. Liu, and D. T. Attwood, “Sub-38 nm resolution tabletop microscopy with 13 nm wavelength laser light,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1214–1216 (2006).
[Crossref]

M.-C. Chou, R.-P. Huang, P.-H. Lin, C.-T. Huang, S.-Y. Chen, H.-H. Chu, J. Wang, and J.-Y. Lin, “Single-shot soft-x-ray digital holographic microscopy with an adjustable field of view and magnification,” Opt. Lett. 34, 623–625 (2009).
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Phys. Fluids (1)

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[Crossref]

Phys. Fluids B (1)

B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, D. J. Fields, C. J. Keane, J. A. Koch, R. A. London, D. L. Matthews, S. Maxon, S. Mrowka, A. L. Osterheld, J. H. Scofield, G. Shimkaveg, J. E. Trebes, and R. S. Walling, “Short wavelength x-ray laser research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” Phys. Fluids B 4, 2326–2337 (1992).
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Phys. Rev. A (3)

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, “Saturation behavior of two x-ray lasing transitions in Ni-like Dy,” Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. A. Reagan, M. Berrill, K. A. Wernsing, C. Baumgarten, M. Woolston, and J. J. Rocca, “High-average-power, 100-Hz repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 053820 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

P. V. Nickles, V. N. Shlyaptsev, M. Kalachnikov, M. Schnurer, I. Will, and W. Sandner, “Short pulse x-ray laser at 32.6 nm based on transient gain in Ne-like titanium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2748–2751 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Dunn, Y. Li, A. L. Osterheld, J. Nilsen, J. R. Hunter, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Gain saturation regime for tabletop, Ni-Like ion transient x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4834–4837 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing- incidence pumped x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
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R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee, “Picosecond X-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 065004 (2002).
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R. Z. Tai, K. Namikawa, M. Kishimoto, M. Tanaka, K. Sukegawa, N. Hasegawa, T. Kawachi, M. Kado, P. Lu, K. Nagashima, H. Daido, H. Maruyama, A. Sawada, M. Ando, and Y. Kato, “Picosecond snapshot of the speckles from ferroelectric BaTiO3 by means of x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 257602 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodame, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koike, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6–8 nm in nickel-like lanthanides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

D. Alessi, Y. Wang, D. Martz, B. Luther, L. Yin, D. H. Martz, M. R. Woolston, Y. Liu, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “Efficient excitation of gain-saturated sub-9 nm wavelength table-top soft X-ray lasers and lasing down to 7.36 nm,” Phys. Rev. X 1, 021023 (2011).
[Crossref]

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J. J. Rocca, “Table-top soft X-ray lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3799–3827 (1999).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. Zhang, A. G. MacPhee, J. Lin, E. Wolfrum, R. Smith, C. Danson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, D. Neely, J. Nilsen, G. J. Pert, G. J. Tallents, and J. S. Wark, “A saturated x-ray laser beam at 7 nanometers,” Science 276, 1097–1100 (1997).
[Crossref]

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A. V. Vinogradov and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “Characteristics of a laser plasma x-ray source (review),” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1–14 (1987).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Y. Luo, A. Morozov, D. Gordon, P. Sprangle, A. Svidzinshy, H. Xia, M. Scully, and S. Suckewer, “Possibility of recombination gain increase in CV ions at 4.0 nm via coherence,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2016), vol. 169, pp. 21–33.

G. J. Tallents, Y. Abou-Ali, M. Edwards, R. E. King, G. J. Pert, S. J. Pestehe, F. Strati, R. Keenan, C. L. S. Lewis, S. Topping, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, D. Ros, R. Clarke, D. Neely, and M. Notley, X-Ray Lasers 2002: 8th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, J. J. Rocca, J. Dunn, and S. Suckewer, eds., AIP Conference Proceedings, No. C641 (AIP, 2002), p. 291.

J. E. Balmer, F. Staub, and F. Jia, “Soft-X-ray lasing down to 6.85 nm in Ni-like samarium,” in Springer Proceedings in Physics (2014), Vol. 147, Chap. 5.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) End-on spectra showing the λ=7.36  nm, 4d1S04p1P1 laser line of Ni-like Sm. Insert shows the spectra region near the λ=6.85  nm laser line with scale multiplied by 10. (b) Measured λ=7.36  nm laser intensity as a function of the pre-pulse duration. The points are the average of several laser shots and the error bar represents one standard deviation. (c) Measured laser intensity as a function of the delay between the peak of the pre-pulse and the peak of the short pulse. The plasma column length was 8 mm corresponding to the target length.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Intensity of the λ=7.36  nm laser line of Ni-like Sm as a function of the plasma-column length. The red line is a fit of the data that yields a gain coefficient of 27.3  cm1 and a gain-length product of 16.6. The error bar represents 1 standard deviation.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) End-on spectra of a line-focus Gd plasma column showing saturated amplification in the λ=6.85  nm line of Ni-like Gd. With the first two integrations plots on the right multiplied by 5. (b) Intensity of the λ=6.85  nm laser line as a function of the plasma-column length. The solid red line is a fit of the data that yields a gain coefficient of 26.3  cm1 and a gain-length product of 16.2. The error bar represents 1 standard deviation. The black dashed line is the result of atomic physics/hydrodynamic simulation with a gain-length product of 16.9.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Measured (blue trace) and simulated (black-dashed trace) Ni-like Gd laser far-field beam intensity profile in the direction parallel to the target surface. The black-dashed line is the modeled far-field intensity. The FWHM beam divergence is 2.4  mrad.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Computed evolution of the intensity distribution of the x-ray laser beam of the 6.85 nm line of Ni-like Gd as function of plasma column length. (a) Intensity versus distance to the target for increasing plasma column lengths between 0.4 and 0.9 cm. (b) Pseudocolor map of the laser line intensity as a function of distance to the target and plasma column length.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. End-on spectra showing lasing at progressively shorter wavelengths in the 4d1S04p1P1 line of nickel-like lanthanide ions, down to λ=5.85  nm in nickel-like Dysprosium.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Measured optimum grazing incidence angle as a function of atomic number. The dashed line is an extrapolation of the data. (b) The optimum grazing incidence angle as a function of lasing wavelength. The dashed line is an extrapolation of the data.

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