Abstract

Laser-driven x-ray sources are an emerging alternative to conventional x-ray tubes and synchrotron sources. We present results on microtomographic x-ray imaging of a cancellous human bone sample using synchrotron-like betatron radiation. The source is driven by a 100-TW-class titanium–sapphire laser system and delivers over 108 X-ray photons per second. Compared to earlier studies, the acquisition time for an entire tomographic dataset has been reduced by more than an order of magnitude. Additionally, the reconstruction quality benefits from the use of statistical iterative reconstruction techniques. Depending on the desired resolution, tomographies are thereby acquired within minutes, which is an important milestone toward real-life applications of laser–plasma x-ray sources.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (3)

A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Guénot, D. Gustas, A. Vernier, B. Beaurepaire, F. Böhle, M. Bocoum, M. Lozano, A. Jullien, R. López-Martens, A. Lifschitz, and J. Faure, “Relativistic electron beams driven by kHz single-cycle light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 293–296 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Salehi, A. J. Goers, G. A. Hine, L. Feder, D. Kuk, B. Miao, D. Woodbury, K. Y. Kim, and H. M. Milchberg, “MeV electron acceleration at 1  kHz with <10  mJ laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 42, 215–218 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

M. Müller, M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Gottschall, E. Shestaev, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “1  kW 1  mJ eight-channel ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3439–3442 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, J. Gautier, I. Andriyash, A. Lifschitz, V. Malka, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “An all-optical Compton source for single-exposure x-ray imaging,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58, 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

J. Wenz, S. Schleede, K. Khrennikov, M. Bech, P. Thibault, M. Heigoldt, F. Pfeiffer, and S. Karsch, “Quantitative x-ray phase-contrast microtomography from a compact laser-driven betatron source,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7568 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser-wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Khrennikov, J. Wenz, A. Buck, J. Xu, M. Heigoldt, L. Veisz, and S. Karsch, “Tunable all-optical quasimonochromatic Thomson x-ray source in the nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 195003 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. J. Boon, K. Mader, A. Diaz, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative interior x-ray nanotomography by a hybrid imaging technique,” Optica 2, 259 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

I. A. Andriyash, R. Lehe, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, J. M. Rax, K. Krushelnick, and V. Malka, “An ultracompact x-ray source based on a laser-plasma undulator,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4736 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Corde, K. Ta Phuoc, G. Lambert, R. Fitour, V. Malka, A. Rousse, A. Beck, and E. Lefebvre, “Femtosecond x-rays from laser-plasma accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 1–48 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. Kneip, C. McGuffey, F. Dollar, M. S. Bloom, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, K. Krushelnick, A. Maksimchuk, S. P. D. Mangles, T. Matsuoka, Z. Najmudin, C. A. J. Palmer, J. Schreiber, W. Schumaker, A. G. R. Thomas, and V. Yanovsky, “X-ray phase contrast imaging of biological specimens with femtosecond pulses of betatron radiation from a compact laser plasma wakefield accelerator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 093701 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Fourmaux, S. Corde, K. T. Phuoc, P. Lassonde, G. Lebrun, S. Payeur, F. Martin, S. Sebban, V. Malka, A. Rousse, and J. C. Kieffer, “Single shot phase contrast imaging using laser-produced Betatron x-ray beams,” Opt. Lett. 36, 2426–2428 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. Buck, K. Zeil, A. Popp, K. Schmid, A. Jochmann, S. D. Kraft, B. Hidding, T. Kudyakov, C. Sears, and L. Veisz, “Absolute charge calibration of scintillating screens for relativistic electron detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 033301 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1229–1285 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

D. Cooper, A. Turinsky, C. Sensen, and B. Hallgrimsson, “Effect of voxel size on 3D micro-CT analysis of cortical bone porosity,” Calcif. Tissue Int. 80, 211–219 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

R. Toth, J. C. Kieffer, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, and A. Krol, “In-line phase-contrast imaging with a laser-based hard x-ray source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 083701 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Y. Sidky, L. Yu, X. Pan, Y. Zou, and M. Vannier, “A robust method of x-ray source spectrum estimation from transmission measurements: demonstrated on computer simulated, scatter-free transmission data,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 124701 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. Rousse, K. T. Phuoc, R. Shah, A. Pukhov, E. Lefebvre, V. Malka, S. Kiselev, F. Burgy, J. P. Rousseau, D. Umstadter, and D. Hulin, “Production of a keV x-ray beam from synchrotron radiation in relativistic laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135005 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

D. Paganin, S. C. Mayo, T. E. Gureyev, P. R. Miller, and S. W. Wilkins, “Simultaneous phase and amplitude extraction from a single defocused image of a homogeneous object,” J. Microsc. 206, 33–40 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Pittman, S. Ferr, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. A. Fessler, “Statistical image reconstruction methods for transmission tomography,” Handb. Med. Imag. 2, 1–70 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

F. Peyrin, M. Salomé, P. Cloetens, A. M. LAval-Jeantet, E. Ritman, and P. Rüeegsegger, “Micro-CT examinations of trabecular bone samples at different resolutions: 14, 7 and 2 micron level,” Technol. Health Care 6, 391–401 (1998).

1997 (1)

A. Krol, A. Ikhlef, J. C. Kieffer, D. A. Bassano, C. C. Chamberlain, Z. Jiang, H. Pépin, and S. C. Prasad, “Laser-based microfocused x-ray source for mammography: feasibility study,” Med. Phys. 24, 725–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient K-alpha-x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[Crossref]

1945 (1)

W. D. Coolidge and E. E. Charlton, “Roentgen-ray tubes,” Radiology 45, 449–466 (1945).
[Crossref]

Abel, R. L.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser-wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alatabi, S.

J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser-wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alisauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Andriyash, I.

A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, J. Gautier, I. Andriyash, A. Lifschitz, V. Malka, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “An all-optical Compton source for single-exposure x-ray imaging,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58, 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Andriyash, I. A.

I. A. Andriyash, R. Lehe, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, J. M. Rax, K. Krushelnick, and V. Malka, “An ultracompact x-ray source based on a laser-plasma undulator,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4736 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ferri, S. Corde, A. Döpp, A. Lifschitz, A. Doche, C. Thaury, K. Ta Phuoc, B. Mahieu, I. A. Andriyash, V. Malka, and X. Davoine, “High-brilliance betatron gamma-ray source powered by laser-accelerated electrons,” arXiv:1711.08687v1 (2017).

Antonetti, A.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient K-alpha-x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[Crossref]

Arpin, P.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Audebert, P.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient K-alpha-x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[Crossref]

Balciunas, T.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baltuska, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bassano, D. A.

A. Krol, A. Ikhlef, J. C. Kieffer, D. A. Bassano, C. C. Chamberlain, Z. Jiang, H. Pépin, and S. C. Prasad, “Laser-based microfocused x-ray source for mammography: feasibility study,” Med. Phys. 24, 725–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beaurepaire, B.

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W. D. Coolidge and E. E. Charlton, “Roentgen-ray tubes,” Radiology 45, 449–466 (1945).
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S. Corde, K. Ta Phuoc, G. Lambert, R. Fitour, V. Malka, A. Rousse, A. Beck, and E. Lefebvre, “Femtosecond x-rays from laser-plasma accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 1–48 (2013).
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J. Ferri, S. Corde, A. Döpp, A. Lifschitz, A. Doche, C. Thaury, K. Ta Phuoc, B. Mahieu, I. A. Andriyash, V. Malka, and X. Davoine, “High-brilliance betatron gamma-ray source powered by laser-accelerated electrons,” arXiv:1711.08687v1 (2017).

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S. Kneip, C. McGuffey, F. Dollar, M. S. Bloom, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, K. Krushelnick, A. Maksimchuk, S. P. D. Mangles, T. Matsuoka, Z. Najmudin, C. A. J. Palmer, J. Schreiber, W. Schumaker, A. G. R. Thomas, and V. Yanovsky, “X-ray phase contrast imaging of biological specimens with femtosecond pulses of betatron radiation from a compact laser plasma wakefield accelerator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 093701 (2011).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, J. Gautier, I. Andriyash, A. Lifschitz, V. Malka, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “An all-optical Compton source for single-exposure x-ray imaging,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58, 1–5 (2016).
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D. Guénot, D. Gustas, A. Vernier, B. Beaurepaire, F. Böhle, M. Bocoum, M. Lozano, A. Jullien, R. López-Martens, A. Lifschitz, and J. Faure, “Relativistic electron beams driven by kHz single-cycle light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 293–296 (2017).
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Ferr, S.

M. Pittman, S. Ferr, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, J. Gautier, I. Andriyash, A. Lifschitz, V. Malka, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “An all-optical Compton source for single-exposure x-ray imaging,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58, 1–5 (2016).
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A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient K-alpha-x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
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A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
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Gottschall, T.

Grillon, G.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient K-alpha-x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
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A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, J. Gautier, I. Andriyash, A. Lifschitz, V. Malka, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “An all-optical Compton source for single-exposure x-ray imaging,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58, 1–5 (2016).
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D. Guénot, D. Gustas, A. Vernier, B. Beaurepaire, F. Böhle, M. Bocoum, M. Lozano, A. Jullien, R. López-Martens, A. Lifschitz, and J. Faure, “Relativistic electron beams driven by kHz single-cycle light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 293–296 (2017).
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Hallgrimsson, B.

D. Cooper, A. Turinsky, C. Sensen, and B. Hallgrimsson, “Effect of voxel size on 3D micro-CT analysis of cortical bone porosity,” Calcif. Tissue Int. 80, 211–219 (2007).
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Hansson, M.

A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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Heigoldt, M.

J. Wenz, S. Schleede, K. Khrennikov, M. Bech, P. Thibault, M. Heigoldt, F. Pfeiffer, and S. Karsch, “Quantitative x-ray phase-contrast microtomography from a compact laser-driven betatron source,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7568 (2015).
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K. Khrennikov, J. Wenz, A. Buck, J. Xu, M. Heigoldt, L. Veisz, and S. Karsch, “Tunable all-optical quasimonochromatic Thomson x-ray source in the nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 195003 (2015).
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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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Hidding, B.

A. Buck, K. Zeil, A. Popp, K. Schmid, A. Jochmann, S. D. Kraft, B. Hidding, T. Kudyakov, C. Sears, and L. Veisz, “Absolute charge calibration of scintillating screens for relativistic electron detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 033301 (2010).
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A. Rousse, K. T. Phuoc, R. Shah, A. Pukhov, E. Lefebvre, V. Malka, S. Kiselev, F. Burgy, J. P. Rousseau, D. Umstadter, and D. Hulin, “Production of a keV x-ray beam from synchrotron radiation in relativistic laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135005 (2004).
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Iaquanello, G.

A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
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Ikhlef, A.

A. Krol, A. Ikhlef, J. C. Kieffer, D. A. Bassano, C. C. Chamberlain, Z. Jiang, H. Pépin, and S. C. Prasad, “Laser-based microfocused x-ray source for mammography: feasibility study,” Med. Phys. 24, 725–732 (1997).
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Jaron-Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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Jiang, Z.

A. Krol, A. Ikhlef, J. C. Kieffer, D. A. Bassano, C. C. Chamberlain, Z. Jiang, H. Pépin, and S. C. Prasad, “Laser-based microfocused x-ray source for mammography: feasibility study,” Med. Phys. 24, 725–732 (1997).
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J. Wenz, S. Schleede, K. Khrennikov, M. Bech, P. Thibault, M. Heigoldt, F. Pfeiffer, and S. Karsch, “Quantitative x-ray phase-contrast microtomography from a compact laser-driven betatron source,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7568 (2015).
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A. Rousse, K. T. Phuoc, R. Shah, A. Pukhov, E. Lefebvre, V. Malka, S. Kiselev, F. Burgy, J. P. Rousseau, D. Umstadter, and D. Hulin, “Production of a keV x-ray beam from synchrotron radiation in relativistic laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135005 (2004).
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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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A. Buck, K. Zeil, A. Popp, K. Schmid, A. Jochmann, S. D. Kraft, B. Hidding, T. Kudyakov, C. Sears, and L. Veisz, “Absolute charge calibration of scintillating screens for relativistic electron detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 033301 (2010).
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A. Krol, A. Ikhlef, J. C. Kieffer, D. A. Bassano, C. C. Chamberlain, Z. Jiang, H. Pépin, and S. C. Prasad, “Laser-based microfocused x-ray source for mammography: feasibility study,” Med. Phys. 24, 725–732 (1997).
[Crossref]

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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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A. Rousse, K. T. Phuoc, R. Shah, A. Pukhov, E. Lefebvre, V. Malka, S. Kiselev, F. Burgy, J. P. Rousseau, D. Umstadter, and D. Hulin, “Production of a keV x-ray beam from synchrotron radiation in relativistic laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135005 (2004).
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I. A. Andriyash, R. Lehe, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, J. M. Rax, K. Krushelnick, and V. Malka, “An ultracompact x-ray source based on a laser-plasma undulator,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4736 (2014).
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F. Peyrin, M. Salomé, P. Cloetens, A. M. LAval-Jeantet, E. Ritman, and P. Rüeegsegger, “Micro-CT examinations of trabecular bone samples at different resolutions: 14, 7 and 2 micron level,” Technol. Health Care 6, 391–401 (1998).

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A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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A. Rousse, K. T. Phuoc, R. Shah, A. Pukhov, E. Lefebvre, V. Malka, S. Kiselev, F. Burgy, J. P. Rousseau, D. Umstadter, and D. Hulin, “Production of a keV x-ray beam from synchrotron radiation in relativistic laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135005 (2004).
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[Crossref]

M. Pittman, S. Ferr, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rousseau, P.

A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
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F. Peyrin, M. Salomé, P. Cloetens, A. M. LAval-Jeantet, E. Ritman, and P. Rüeegsegger, “Micro-CT examinations of trabecular bone samples at different resolutions: 14, 7 and 2 micron level,” Technol. Health Care 6, 391–401 (1998).

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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
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Salomé, M.

F. Peyrin, M. Salomé, P. Cloetens, A. M. LAval-Jeantet, E. Ritman, and P. Rüeegsegger, “Micro-CT examinations of trabecular bone samples at different resolutions: 14, 7 and 2 micron level,” Technol. Health Care 6, 391–401 (1998).

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J. Wenz, S. Schleede, K. Khrennikov, M. Bech, P. Thibault, M. Heigoldt, F. Pfeiffer, and S. Karsch, “Quantitative x-ray phase-contrast microtomography from a compact laser-driven betatron source,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7568 (2015).
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A. Buck, K. Zeil, A. Popp, K. Schmid, A. Jochmann, S. D. Kraft, B. Hidding, T. Kudyakov, C. Sears, and L. Veisz, “Absolute charge calibration of scintillating screens for relativistic electron detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 033301 (2010).
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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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A. Buck, K. Zeil, A. Popp, K. Schmid, A. Jochmann, S. D. Kraft, B. Hidding, T. Kudyakov, C. Sears, and L. Veisz, “Absolute charge calibration of scintillating screens for relativistic electron detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 033301 (2010).
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Sensen, C.

D. Cooper, A. Turinsky, C. Sensen, and B. Hallgrimsson, “Effect of voxel size on 3D micro-CT analysis of cortical bone porosity,” Calcif. Tissue Int. 80, 211–219 (2007).
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A. Rousse, K. T. Phuoc, R. Shah, A. Pukhov, E. Lefebvre, V. Malka, S. Kiselev, F. Burgy, J. P. Rousseau, D. Umstadter, and D. Hulin, “Production of a keV x-ray beam from synchrotron radiation in relativistic laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135005 (2004).
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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Alisauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, O. D. Mucke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuska, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernandez-Garcia, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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J. M. Cole, J. C. Wood, N. C. Lopes, K. Poder, R. L. Abel, S. Alatabi, J. S. J. Bryant, A. Jin, S. Kneip, K. Mecseki, D. R. Symes, S. P. D. Mangles, and Z. Najmudin, “Laser-wakefield accelerators as hard x-ray sources for 3D medical imaging of human bone,” Sci. Rep. 5, 13244 (2015).
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A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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S. Corde, K. Ta Phuoc, G. Lambert, R. Fitour, V. Malka, A. Rousse, A. Beck, and E. Lefebvre, “Femtosecond x-rays from laser-plasma accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 1–48 (2013).
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A. Döpp, B. Mahieu, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, A. Doche, E. Guillaume, G. Grittani, O. Lundh, M. Hansson, J. Gautier, M. Kozlova, J. P. Goddet, P. Rousseau, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, A. Rousse, S. Corde, and K. Ta Phuoc, “Stable femtosecond x-rays with tunable polarization from a laser-driven accelerator,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, 1–21 (2017).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, A. Lifschitz, F. Sylla, J. P. Goddet, A. Tafzi, G. Iaquanello, T. Lefrou, P. Rousseau, E. Conejero, C. Ruiz, K. T. Phuoc, and V. Malka, “A bremsstrahlung gamma-ray source based on stable ionization injection of electrons into a laser wakefield accelerator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 830, 515–519 (2016).
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A. Döpp, E. Guillaume, C. Thaury, J. Gautier, I. Andriyash, A. Lifschitz, V. Malka, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “An all-optical Compton source for single-exposure x-ray imaging,” Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 58, 1–5 (2016).
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I. A. Andriyash, R. Lehe, A. Lifschitz, C. Thaury, J. M. Rax, K. Krushelnick, and V. Malka, “An ultracompact x-ray source based on a laser-plasma undulator,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4736 (2014).
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J. Ferri, S. Corde, A. Döpp, A. Lifschitz, A. Doche, C. Thaury, K. Ta Phuoc, B. Mahieu, I. A. Andriyash, V. Malka, and X. Davoine, “High-brilliance betatron gamma-ray source powered by laser-accelerated electrons,” arXiv:1711.08687v1 (2017).

Thibault, P.

J. Wenz, S. Schleede, K. Khrennikov, M. Bech, P. Thibault, M. Heigoldt, F. Pfeiffer, and S. Karsch, “Quantitative x-ray phase-contrast microtomography from a compact laser-driven betatron source,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7568 (2015).
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S. Kneip, C. McGuffey, F. Dollar, M. S. Bloom, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, K. Krushelnick, A. Maksimchuk, S. P. D. Mangles, T. Matsuoka, Z. Najmudin, C. A. J. Palmer, J. Schreiber, W. Schumaker, A. G. R. Thomas, and V. Yanovsky, “X-ray phase contrast imaging of biological specimens with femtosecond pulses of betatron radiation from a compact laser plasma wakefield accelerator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 093701 (2011).
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A. Rousse, K. T. Phuoc, R. Shah, A. Pukhov, E. Lefebvre, V. Malka, S. Kiselev, F. Burgy, J. P. Rousseau, D. Umstadter, and D. Hulin, “Production of a keV x-ray beam from synchrotron radiation in relativistic laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 135005 (2004).
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E. Y. Sidky, L. Yu, X. Pan, Y. Zou, and M. Vannier, “A robust method of x-ray source spectrum estimation from transmission measurements: demonstrated on computer simulated, scatter-free transmission data,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 124701 (2005).
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K. Khrennikov, J. Wenz, A. Buck, J. Xu, M. Heigoldt, L. Veisz, and S. Karsch, “Tunable all-optical quasimonochromatic Thomson x-ray source in the nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 195003 (2015).
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A. Buck, K. Zeil, A. Popp, K. Schmid, A. Jochmann, S. D. Kraft, B. Hidding, T. Kudyakov, C. Sears, and L. Veisz, “Absolute charge calibration of scintillating screens for relativistic electron detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 033301 (2010).
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J. Wenz, S. Schleede, K. Khrennikov, M. Bech, P. Thibault, M. Heigoldt, F. Pfeiffer, and S. Karsch, “Quantitative x-ray phase-contrast microtomography from a compact laser-driven betatron source,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7568 (2015).
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Xu, J.

K. Khrennikov, J. Wenz, A. Buck, J. Xu, M. Heigoldt, L. Veisz, and S. Karsch, “Tunable all-optical quasimonochromatic Thomson x-ray source in the nonlinear regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 195003 (2015).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Top: Experimental layout (not to scale). The laser pulse is focused using an f/25 off-axis parabola on a hydrogen gas cell of variable length. As a result of the laser–plasma interaction in the cell, electrons and x-rays are generated. The sample is placed between the gas cell and the dipole magnet spectrometer, protected by an aluminum foil. X-rays are detected on the x-ray detector with a geometrical magnification of 47. Middle: Average electron beam spectrum and beam profile (inset) for 20 consecutive shots. The shaded area indicates the RMS error; dots in the inset show the beam pointing of individual shots. Bottom: Average x-ray spectrum at the detector as reconstructed from filter transmissions over 20 consecutive shots. The shaded area indicates the RMS error; the inset shows the average image of the filter transmissions.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Tomography of cancellous bone sample. Bottom left: Photograph of the sample. Top left: Macro photography as in the experimental setup. Center: Radiograph using the scintillator camera. Right: Rendering of the tomographic reconstruction with statistical image reconstruction (SIR), showing transverse and longitudinal cross sections.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Projection slices for the tomographic reconstruction with SIR. Insets show the position of the slices relative to the raw data.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Quick tomography: Comparison between reconstruction with filtered back-projection (top) and statistical iterative reconstruction (bottom).