Abstract

Controlled switching of orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light at practical powers over arbitrary wavelength regions can have important implications for future quantum and classical systems. Here we report on a single source of OAM beams based on an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) that can provide all such capabilities. We demonstrate active transfer of OAM modes of any order, |lp|, of pump to the signal and idler in an OPO, to produce |lp|+1 different OAM states by controlling the relative cavity losses of the resonated beams. As a proof-of-principle, we show that when pumping with the OAM states |lp|=1 and |lp|=2 for different relative losses of signal and idler, the OPO has two (|1,0 and |0,1) and three (|2,0, |1,1, and |0,2) output states, respectively. Our findings show that using a suitable loss modulator, one can achieve rapid switching of the OAM mode in OPO output beams in time.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2016 (3)

N. Apurv-Chaitanya, S. Chaitanya Kumar, K. Devi, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Ultrafast optical vortex beam generation in the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2715–2718 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanya, M. V. Jabir, P. Vaity, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “Airy beam optical parametric oscillator,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25245 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. V. Jabir, N. Apurv Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, and G. K. Samanta, “Generation of perfect vortex of variable size and its effect in angular spectrum of the down-converted photons,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21877 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Z. Gan, Y. Cao, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional deep sub-diffraction optical beam lithography with 9 nm feature size,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2061 (2013).

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 0700105 (2013).

G. K. Samanta, A. Aadhi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave, two-crystal, singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 21, 9520–9540 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Zürch, C. Kern, P. Hansinger, A. Dreischuh, and C. Spielmann, “Strong-field physics with singular light beams,” Nat. Phys. 8, 743–746 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2009 (2)

G. K. Samanta, S. Chaitanya-Kumar, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Stable, 9.6  W, continuous-wave, single-frequency, fiber-based green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1561–1563 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photo-initiation and photo-inhibition for sub-diffraction photolithography,” Science 324, 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

S. Bernet, A. Jesacher, S. FŘrhapter, C. Maurer, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Quantitative imaging of complex samples by spiral phase contrast microscopy,” Opt. Express 14, 3792–3805 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Parametric down-conversion for light beams possessing orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3950–3952 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. Van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Aadhi, A.

Abulikemu, A.

Ahmed, N.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Parametric down-conversion for light beams possessing orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3950–3952 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. Van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Aoki, N.

Apurv Chaitanay, N.

Apurv Chaitanya, N.

M. V. Jabir, N. Apurv Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, and G. K. Samanta, “Generation of perfect vortex of variable size and its effect in angular spectrum of the down-converted photons,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21877 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanya, M. V. Jabir, P. Vaity, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “Airy beam optical parametric oscillator,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25245 (2016).
[Crossref]

Apurv-Chaitanya, N.

Arie, A.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Parametric down-conversion for light beams possessing orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3950–3952 (1999).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, D.

Bao, C.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. Van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bernet, S.

Bernt, S.

Bloch, N. V.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bowman, C. N.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photo-initiation and photo-inhibition for sub-diffraction photolithography,” Science 324, 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bowman, R.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

Z. Gan, Y. Cao, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional deep sub-diffraction optical beam lithography with 9 nm feature size,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2061 (2013).

Chaitanya Kumar, S.

N. Apurv-Chaitanya, S. Chaitanya Kumar, K. Devi, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Ultrafast optical vortex beam generation in the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2715–2718 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 0700105 (2013).

Chaitanya-Kumar, S.

Cohadon, P. F.

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

Devi, K.

Dholakia, K.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Parametric down-conversion for light beams possessing orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3950–3952 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dreischuh, A.

M. Zürch, C. Kern, P. Hansinger, A. Dreischuh, and C. Spielmann, “Strong-field physics with singular light beams,” Nat. Phys. 8, 743–746 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Eliel, E. R.

Esteban-Martin, A.

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 0700105 (2013).

Evans, R. A.

Z. Gan, Y. Cao, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional deep sub-diffraction optical beam lithography with 9 nm feature size,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2061 (2013).

Fabre, C.

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fayaz, G. R.

Foo, G.

FRrhapter, S.

Furhapter, S.

Fürhapter, S.

Furuki, K.

Gan, Z.

Z. Gan, Y. Cao, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional deep sub-diffraction optical beam lithography with 9 nm feature size,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2061 (2013).

Gatti, A.

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gu, M.

Z. Gan, Y. Cao, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional deep sub-diffraction optical beam lithography with 9 nm feature size,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2061 (2013).

Hansinger, P.

M. Zürch, C. Kern, P. Hansinger, A. Dreischuh, and C. Spielmann, “Strong-field physics with singular light beams,” Nat. Phys. 8, 743–746 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huguenin, J. A.

M. Martinelli, J. A. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jabir, M. V.

M. V. Jabir, N. Apurv Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, and G. K. Samanta, “Generation of perfect vortex of variable size and its effect in angular spectrum of the down-converted photons,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21877 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanya, M. V. Jabir, P. Vaity, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “Airy beam optical parametric oscillator,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25245 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Apurv-Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, M. V. Jabir, and G. K. Samanta, “Frequency-doubling characteristics of high-power, ultrafast vortex beams,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2614–2617 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanay, M. V. Jabir, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “All-periodically poled, high-power, continuous-wave, single-frequency tunable UV source,” Opt. Lett. 40, 33–36 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jesacher, A.

Juwiler, I.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kern, C.

M. Zürch, C. Kern, P. Hansinger, A. Dreischuh, and C. Spielmann, “Strong-field physics with singular light beams,” Nat. Phys. 8, 743–746 (2012).
[Crossref]

Khoury, A. Z.

M. Martinelli, J. A. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kloosterboer, J. G.

Kowalski, B. A.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photo-initiation and photo-inhibition for sub-diffraction photolithography,” Science 324, 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lavery, M. P.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lugiato, L.

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mamuti, R.

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marrucci, L.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marte, M. A.

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

Martinelli, M.

M. Martinelli, J. A. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Maurer, C.

McLeod, R. R.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photo-initiation and photo-inhibition for sub-diffraction photolithography,” Science 324, 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref]

Miyagi, S.

Miyamoto, K.

Molisch, A. F.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nussenzveig, P.

M. Martinelli, J. A. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oemrawsingh, S. S. R.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Parametric down-conversion for light beams possessing orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3950–3952 (1999).
[Crossref]

Palacios, D. M.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ritsch, H.

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ritsch, M.

Ritsch-Marte, M.

Samanta, G. K.

N. Apurv-Chaitanya, S. Chaitanya Kumar, K. Devi, G. K. Samanta, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Ultrafast optical vortex beam generation in the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2715–2718 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanya, M. V. Jabir, P. Vaity, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “Airy beam optical parametric oscillator,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25245 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. V. Jabir, N. Apurv Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, and G. K. Samanta, “Generation of perfect vortex of variable size and its effect in angular spectrum of the down-converted photons,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21877 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Apurv-Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, M. V. Jabir, and G. K. Samanta, “Frequency-doubling characteristics of high-power, ultrafast vortex beams,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2614–2617 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanay, M. V. Jabir, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “All-periodically poled, high-power, continuous-wave, single-frequency tunable UV source,” Opt. Lett. 40, 33–36 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 0700105 (2013).

G. K. Samanta, A. Aadhi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave, two-crystal, singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 21, 9520–9540 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. K. Samanta, S. Chaitanya-Kumar, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Stable, 9.6  W, continuous-wave, single-frequency, fiber-based green source at 532 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1561–1563 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. K. Samanta and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave singly-resonant optical parametric oscillator with resonant wave coupling,” Opt. Express 16, 6883–6888 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. K. Samanta, G. R. Fayaz, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “1.59  W, single-frequency, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on MgO: sPPLT,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2623–2625 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schwob, C.

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

Scott, T. F.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photo-initiation and photo-inhibition for sub-diffraction photolithography,” Science 324, 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shapira, A.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shemer, K.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shiloh, R.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. P.

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanya, M. V. Jabir, P. Vaity, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “Airy beam optical parametric oscillator,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25245 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanay, M. V. Jabir, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “All-periodically poled, high-power, continuous-wave, single-frequency tunable UV source,” Opt. Lett. 40, 33–36 (2015).
[Crossref]

Smith, A.

Spielmann, C.

M. Zürch, C. Kern, P. Hansinger, A. Dreischuh, and C. Spielmann, “Strong-field physics with singular light beams,” Nat. Phys. 8, 743–746 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sullivan, A. C.

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photo-initiation and photo-inhibition for sub-diffraction photolithography,” Science 324, 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref]

Swartzlander, G. A.

t’Hooft, G. W.

Tur, M.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vaity, P.

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanya, M. V. Jabir, P. Vaity, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “Airy beam optical parametric oscillator,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25245 (2016).
[Crossref]

Van der Veen, H.

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. Van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

van Houwelingen, J. A. W.

Vaziri, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

Verstegen, E. J. K.

Weihs, G.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

S. S. R. Oemrawsingh, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, E. R. Eliel, J. P. Woerdman, E. J. K. Verstegen, J. G. Kloosterboer, and G. W. t’Hooft, “Production and characterization of spiral phase plates for optical wavelengths,” Appl. Opt. 43, 688–694 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. Van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yamada, M.

Yan, Y.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yusufu, T.

Zeilinger, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zürch, M.

M. Zürch, C. Kern, P. Hansinger, A. Dreischuh, and C. Spielmann, “Strong-field physics with singular light beams,” Nat. Phys. 8, 743–746 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Schwob, P. F. Cohadon, C. Fabre, M. A. Marte, H. Ritsch, A. Gatti, and L. Lugiato, “Transverse effects and mode couplings in OPOs,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 685–699 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and G. K. Samanta, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: breakthroughs in optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 0700105 (2013).

Nat. Commun. (2)

Y. Yan, G. Xie, M. P. Lavery, H. Huang, N. Ahmed, C. Bao, L. Li, Z. Zhao, A. F. Molisch, M. Tur, M. J. Padgett, and A. E. Willner, “High-capacity millimetre-wave communications with orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4876 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Gan, Y. Cao, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional deep sub-diffraction optical beam lithography with 9 nm feature size,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2061 (2013).

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. Zürch, C. Kern, P. Hansinger, A. Dreischuh, and C. Spielmann, “Strong-field physics with singular light beams,” Nat. Phys. 8, 743–746 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. Van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. Martinelli, J. A. Huguenin, P. Nussenzveig, and A. Z. Khoury, “Orbital angular momentum exchange in an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013812 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Parametric down-conversion for light beams possessing orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3950–3952 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

M. V. Jabir, N. Apurv Chaitanya, A. Aadhi, and G. K. Samanta, “Generation of perfect vortex of variable size and its effect in angular spectrum of the down-converted photons,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21877 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Aadhi, N. Apurv Chaitanya, M. V. Jabir, P. Vaity, R. P. Singh, and G. K. Samanta, “Airy beam optical parametric oscillator,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25245 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

T. F. Scott, B. A. Kowalski, A. C. Sullivan, C. N. Bowman, and R. R. McLeod, “Two-color single-photon photo-initiation and photo-inhibition for sub-diffraction photolithography,” Science 324, 913–917 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. OAM-mode-pumped doubly-resonant OPO. (a) Schematic of the experimental setup. The 50 W cw Yb-fiber laser. λ/2, half-wave plates; PBS, polarizing beam splitter cube; L1–L3, lenses; SPP, spiral phase plate; C1–C2, nonlinear crystals for frequency doubling and DRO operation, respectively. S1–S2, wavelength separators; M, folding mirrors at green wavelength; M1–M5, DRO mirrors; and OC, output coupler. (b) Intensity profile of pump, signal, and idler beams for pump OAM mode lp=0 (first column) and lp=1 (third column). Corresponding interference patterns in second and third columns.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Controlled switching of OAM mode of pump to the generated beams in an OPO. Variation of feedback losses for signal and idler across the tuning range of the OPO. (a) Signal loss lower than idler loss (Case-I). (d) Signal loss higher than idler loss (Case-II). Intensity distribution (first row) and self-interference pattern (second row) of (b) the signal beam, and (c) corresponding idler beam across the tuning range of the DRO for Case-I. Similarly, the intensity distribution (first row) and self-interference pattern (second row) of (e) the signal beam, and (f) corresponding idler beam across the tuning range of the DRO for Case-II.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. OAM mode sharing among signal and idler beams for pump OAM mode lp=2. (a) Intensity distribution and interference pattern of the pump beam with OAM mode lp=2. Intensity distribution and interference pattern of the signal (first row) and corresponding idler (second row) for signal and idler feedback losses satisfying (b) γsγi and (c) γsγi.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Performance characterization of the vortex-pumped cw DRO source. (a) Variation of output power of the DRO for pump OAM modes lp=0 (Gaussian) and lp=1 across the tuning range. (b) Power-scaling characteristics of the DRO source with pump vortex lp=1. (c) Intensity (first row) pattern of the signal OAM mode and corresponding fork (see red circles) interference pattern (second row) for different pump powers.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Controlled OAM Mode Switching in a Doubly-Resonant OPO

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Λlp,ls,li|EpEs*Ei*ds||02πexp(i(lplsli)φ)dφ|,
xin2=γ˜sη,
xin2=γ˜iη.
xin=χΛlp,ls,liτ2Ein,γ˜s=γsτ,γ˜i=γiτ,η=ηlp,ls,li=Λlp,ls,liΛ0,0,0.

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