Abstract

Optical frequency combs based on ultrafast lasers have enabled numerous scientific breakthroughs. However, their use for commercial applications is limited by the complexity and cost of femtosecond laser technology. Ultrafast semiconductor lasers might change this issue as they can be mass produced in a cost-efficient way while providing large spectral coverage from a single technology. However, it has not been proven to date if ultrafast semiconductor lasers are suitable for stabilization of their carrier-envelope offset (CEO) frequency. Here we present what we believe to be the first CEO frequency stabilization of an ultrafast semiconductor disk laser (SDL). The optically pumped SDL is passively modelocked by a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror. It operates at a repetition rate of 1.8 GHz and a center wavelength of 1034 nm. The 273 fs pulses of the oscillator are amplified to an average power level of 6 W and temporally compressed down to 120 fs. A coherent octave-spanning supercontinuum spectrum is generated in a photonic crystal fiber. The CEO frequency is detected in a standard fto2f interferometer and phase locked to an external reference by feedback applied to the current of the SDL pump diode. This proof-of-principle demonstrates that ultrafast SDLs are suitable for CEO stabilization and constitutes a key step for further developments of this comb technology expected in the coming years.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (5)

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

A. R. Johnson, A. S. Mayer, A. Klenner, K. Luke, E. S. Lamb, M. R. E. Lamont, C. Joshi, Y. Okawachi, F. W. Wise, M. Lipson, U. Keller, and A. L. Gaeta, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in a silicon nitride waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5117–5120 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, and W. Stolz, “4.35  kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21, 1599–1605 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Noise performance of a feed-forward scheme for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 799–804 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

M. Rahim, M. Arnold, F. Felder, K. Behfar, and H. Zogg, “Midinfrared lead-chalcogenide vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with 5  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151102 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, H.-G. Choi, J. H. Sung, I. W. Choi, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, J. Kim, D. E. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “Precise and long-term stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase of femtosecond laser pulses using an enhanced direct locking technique,” Opt. Express 15, 8203–8211 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Alexandre, C.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alfieri, C. G. E.

Anderson, A.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Noise performance of a feed-forward scheme for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 799–804 (2011).
[Crossref]

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Arnold, M.

M. Rahim, M. Arnold, F. Felder, K. Behfar, and H. Zogg, “Midinfrared lead-chalcogenide vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with 5  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Assion, A.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Noise performance of a feed-forward scheme for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 799–804 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Barbarin, Y.

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beere, H. E.

Beha, K.

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, K. Beha, M. Lezius, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Ultra-low phase noise all-PM Er:fiber optical frequency comb,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper ATh4A.2.

Behfar, K.

M. Rahim, M. Arnold, F. Felder, K. Behfar, and H. Zogg, “Midinfrared lead-chalcogenide vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with 5  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bellancourt, A.-R.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

Benedick, A. J.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bouchand, R.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brochard, P.

Bucalovic, N.

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Calmano, T.

Chae, S.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cho, Y.-H.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.-G.

Choi, I. W.

Coq, Y. L.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Datta, S.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Devenoges, L.

Di Domenico, G.

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Di Domenico, S. Schilt, and P. Thomann, “Simple approach to the relation between laser frequency noise and laser line shape,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4801–4807 (2010).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29, 250–252 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dolgovskiy, V.

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ebling, D.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

Emaury, F.

Felder, F.

M. Rahim, M. Arnold, F. Felder, K. Behfar, and H. Zogg, “Midinfrared lead-chalcogenide vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with 5  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Feldman, A.

Fendel, P.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fischer, M.

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, K. Beha, M. Lezius, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Ultra-low phase noise all-PM Er:fiber optical frequency comb,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper ATh4A.2.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frei, H.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Noise performance of a feed-forward scheme for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 799–804 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gini, E.

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100  fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3, 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, C. G. E. Alfieri, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power semiconductor disk lasers with record-short pulse durations,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper CB-8.1.

Giunta, M.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, K. Beha, M. Lezius, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Ultra-low phase noise all-PM Er:fiber optical frequency comb,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper ATh4A.2.

Glenday, A. G.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100  fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3, 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Rudin, V. J. Wittwer, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High-power MIXSEL: an integrated ultrafast semiconductor laser with 6.4  W average power,” Opt. Express 18, 27582–27588 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, C. G. E. Alfieri, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power semiconductor disk lasers with record-short pulse durations,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper CB-8.1.

Gürel, K.

Hakobyan, S.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hänsel, W.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, K. Beha, M. Lezius, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Ultra-low phase noise all-PM Er:fiber optical frequency comb,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper ATh4A.2.

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Harvey, T.

Heinecke, D.

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heinen, B.

Hoffmann, M.

Holzwarth, R.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, K. Beha, M. Lezius, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Ultra-low phase noise all-PM Er:fiber optical frequency comb,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper ATh4A.2.

Hong, K.-H.

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jeon, H.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jeong, C.-H.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Johnson, A. R.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jørgensen, C. G.

Jornod, N.

Joshi, A.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Joshi, C.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Jornod, V. J. Wittwer, C. Kränkel, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, T. Südmeyer, and T. Calmano, “High-power amplification of a femtosecond vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser in an Yb:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Express 25, 16527–16533 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Hakobyan, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, K. Gürel, S. Schilt, A. S. Mayer, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Full stabilization and characterization of an optical frequency comb from a diode-pumped solid-state laser with GHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 25, 20437–20453 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100  fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3, 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. R. Johnson, A. S. Mayer, A. Klenner, K. Luke, E. S. Lamb, M. R. E. Lamont, C. Joshi, Y. Okawachi, F. W. Wise, M. Lipson, U. Keller, and A. L. Gaeta, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in a silicon nitride waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5117–5120 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Rudin, V. J. Wittwer, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High-power MIXSEL: an integrated ultrafast semiconductor laser with 6.4  W average power,” Opt. Express 18, 27582–27588 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, C. G. E. Alfieri, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power semiconductor disk lasers with record-short pulse durations,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper CB-8.1.

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. E.

Kim, J.

T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, H.-G. Choi, J. H. Sung, I. W. Choi, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, J. Kim, D. E. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “Precise and long-term stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase of femtosecond laser pulses using an enhanced direct locking technique,” Opt. Express 15, 8203–8211 (2007).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Klenner, A.

Ko, D.-K.

Koke, S.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Noise performance of a feed-forward scheme for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 799–804 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Krausz, F.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kunert, B.

Lamb, E. S.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lee, J.

Lee, S.-N.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lezius, M.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, K. Beha, M. Lezius, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Ultra-low phase noise all-PM Er:fiber optical frequency comb,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper ATh4A.2.

Li, C.-H.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Link, S. M.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100  fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3, 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, C. G. E. Alfieri, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power semiconductor disk lasers with record-short pulse durations,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper CB-8.1.

Lipson, M.

Lorenser, D.

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lours, M.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luke, K.

Maas, D. J. H. C.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Rudin, V. J. Wittwer, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High-power MIXSEL: an integrated ultrafast semiconductor laser with 6.4  W average power,” Opt. Express 18, 27582–27588 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

Manescau, A.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mangold, M.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mayer, A. S.

Mirin, R. P.

Morel, J.

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nam, C. H.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nicolodi, D.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Okawachi, Y.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

O. G. Okhotnikov, Semiconductor Disk Lasers: Physics and Technology (Wiley, 2010).

Park, S.-H.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pasquini, L.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phillips, D. F.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Quinlan, F.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rahim, M.

M. Rahim, M. Arnold, F. Felder, K. Behfar, and H. Zogg, “Midinfrared lead-chalcogenide vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with 5  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Resan, B.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ritchie, D. A.

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rudin, B.

B. Rudin, V. J. Wittwer, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High-power MIXSEL: an integrated ultrafast semiconductor laser with 6.4  W average power,” Opt. Express 18, 27582–27588 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sakong, T.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Saraceno, C. J.

Sasselov, D.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T. R.

Schiller, S.

Schilt, S.

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schori, C.

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shoji, T. D.

Sieber, O. D.

Silverman, K. L.

Spielmann, C.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Steinmetz, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Noise performance of a feed-forward scheme for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 799–804 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stolz, W.

Südmeyer, T.

S. Hakobyan, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, K. Gürel, S. Schilt, A. S. Mayer, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Full stabilization and characterization of an optical frequency comb from a diode-pumped solid-state laser with GHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 25, 20437–20453 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Gürel, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, S. Schilt, and T. Südmeyer, “Carrier envelope offset frequency detection and stabilization of a diode-pumped mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 42, 1035–1038 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Jornod, V. J. Wittwer, C. Kränkel, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, T. Südmeyer, and T. Calmano, “High-power amplification of a femtosecond vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser in an Yb:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Express 25, 16527–16533 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Rudin, V. J. Wittwer, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High-power MIXSEL: an integrated ultrafast semiconductor laser with 6.4  W average power,” Opt. Express 18, 27582–27588 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sung, J. H.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Szentgyorgyi, A.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tempea, G.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Thomann, P.

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Di Domenico, S. Schilt, and P. Thomann, “Simple approach to the relation between laser frequency noise and laser line shape,” Appl. Opt. 49, 4801–4807 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tilma, B. W.

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100  fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3, 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tombez, L.

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tremblin, P.-A.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

Udem, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Unold, H. J.

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

van der Linden, R.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Waldburger, D.

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Jornod, V. J. Wittwer, C. Kränkel, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, T. Südmeyer, and T. Calmano, “High-power amplification of a femtosecond vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser in an Yb:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Express 25, 16527–16533 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, M. Mangold, C. G. E. Alfieri, E. Gini, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “High-power 100  fs semiconductor disk lasers,” Optica 3, 844–852 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Waldburger, C. G. E. Alfieri, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power semiconductor disk lasers with record-short pulse durations,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper CB-8.1.

Walsworth, R. L.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Washburn, B. R.

Weingarten, K. J.

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wilcox, K. G.

Wilken, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

Wittwer, V. J.

K. Gürel, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, S. Schilt, and T. Südmeyer, “Carrier envelope offset frequency detection and stabilization of a diode-pumped mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 42, 1035–1038 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Jornod, V. J. Wittwer, C. Kränkel, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, T. Südmeyer, and T. Calmano, “High-power amplification of a femtosecond vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser in an Yb:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Express 25, 16527–16533 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Hakobyan, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, K. Gürel, S. Schilt, A. S. Mayer, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Full stabilization and characterization of an optical frequency comb from a diode-pumped solid-state laser with GHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 25, 20437–20453 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Brochard, N. Jornod, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, S. Hakobyan, D. Waldburger, S. M. Link, C. G. E. Alfieri, M. Golling, L. Devenoges, J. Morel, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “First investigation of the noise and modulation properties of the carrier-envelope offset in a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3165–3168 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Rudin, V. J. Wittwer, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High-power MIXSEL: an integrated ultrafast semiconductor laser with 6.4  W average power,” Opt. Express 18, 27582–27588 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xie, W.

Xie, X.

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. F.

Yeom, G.-Y.

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yu, T. J.

Zaffalon, M.

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zaugg, C. A.

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zogg, H.

M. Rahim, M. Arnold, F. Felder, K. Behfar, and H. Zogg, “Midinfrared lead-chalcogenide vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with 5  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151102 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Noise performance of a feed-forward scheme for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 799–804 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: a novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, M. Golling, H. J. Unold, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Vertical integration of ultrafast semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 88, 493–497 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S.-H. Park, J. Kim, H. Jeon, T. Sakong, S.-N. Lee, S. Chae, Y. Park, C.-H. Jeong, G.-Y. Yeom, and Y.-H. Cho, “Room-temperature GaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser operation in an extended cavity scheme,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2121–2123 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Rahim, M. Arnold, F. Felder, K. Behfar, and H. Zogg, “Midinfrared lead-chalcogenide vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with 5  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 151102 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Lorenser, D. J. H. C. Maas, H. J. Unold, A.-R. Bellancourt, B. Rudin, E. Gini, D. Ebling, and U. Keller, “50-GHz passively mode-locked surface-emitting semiconductor laser with 100-mW average output power,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 838–847 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

V. J. Wittwer, R. van der Linden, B. W. Tilma, B. Resan, K. J. Weingarten, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Sub-60-fs timing jitter of a SESAM modelocked VECSEL,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1400107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

B. W. Tilma, M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, D. Waldburger, A. Klenner, A. S. Mayer, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “Recent advances in ultrafast semiconductor disk lasers,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e310 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, R. Bouchand, D. Nicolodi, M. Giunta, W. Hänsel, M. Lezius, A. Joshi, S. Datta, C. Alexandre, M. Lours, P.-A. Tremblin, G. Santarelli, R. Holzwarth, and Y. L. Coq, “Photonic microwave signals with zeptosecond-level absolute timing noise,” Nat. Photonics 11, 44–47 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1  cm s−1,” Nature 452, 610–612 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

B. Rudin, V. J. Wittwer, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Hoffmann, O. D. Sieber, Y. Barbarin, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “High-power MIXSEL: an integrated ultrafast semiconductor laser with 6.4  W average power,” Opt. Express 18, 27582–27588 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, and W. Stolz, “4.35  kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21, 1599–1605 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. Zaugg, A. Klenner, M. Mangold, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, E. Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller, “Gigahertz self-referenceable frequency comb from a semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Express 22, 16445–16455 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Yu, K.-H. Hong, H.-G. Choi, J. H. Sung, I. W. Choi, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, J. Kim, D. E. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “Precise and long-term stabilization of the carrier-envelope phase of femtosecond laser pulses using an enhanced direct locking technique,” Opt. Express 15, 8203–8211 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Jornod, V. J. Wittwer, C. Kränkel, D. Waldburger, U. Keller, T. Südmeyer, and T. Calmano, “High-power amplification of a femtosecond vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser in an Yb:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Express 25, 16527–16533 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Hakobyan, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, K. Gürel, S. Schilt, A. S. Mayer, U. Keller, and T. Südmeyer, “Full stabilization and characterization of an optical frequency comb from a diode-pumped solid-state laser with GHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 25, 20437–20453 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optica (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740–743 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, L. Tombez, V. Dolgovskiy, C. Schori, G. Di Domenico, M. Zaffalon, and P. Thomann, “Frequency discriminators for the characterization of narrow-spectrum heterodyne beat signals: application to the measurement of a sub-Hertz carrier-envelope-offset beat in an optical frequency comb,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 123116 (2011).
[Crossref]

Science (4)

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, “10-GHz self-referenced optical frequency comb,” Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. M. Link, D. J. H. C. Maas, D. Waldburger, and U. Keller, “Dual-comb spectroscopy of water vapor with a free-running semiconductor disk laser,” Science 356, 1164–1168 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

O. G. Okhotnikov, Semiconductor Disk Lasers: Physics and Technology (Wiley, 2010).

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, K. Beha, M. Lezius, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Ultra-low phase noise all-PM Er:fiber optical frequency comb,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper ATh4A.2.

D. Waldburger, C. G. E. Alfieri, S. M. Link, E. Gini, M. Golling, and U. Keller, “High-power semiconductor disk lasers with record-short pulse durations,” in European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics—European Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper CB-8.1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Characterization of the modelocked VECSEL. (a) Normalized optical spectrum centered at 1033.9 nm with a FWHM of 4.6 nm. (b) Measured autocorrelation trace (blue curve) with corresponding sech2 fit (dashed red). (c) Microwave spectrum at a RBW of 300 kHz. (d) Microwave spectrum centered at the repetition frequency of 1.8 GHz with a RBW of 1 kHz.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diagram of the complete experimental setup made of the ultrafast laser source with its pump diode and current driver, the fiber amplifier, the compression and supercontinuum generation (SCG) stages, the fto2f interferometer, and the stabilization electronics. PBS, polarizing beam splitter; PPLN, periodically poled lithium niobate crystal; BPF, bandpass optical filter; PID, proportional-integral-derivative controller.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Characterization of the fiber amplifier. (a) Normalized optical spectrum of the signal after amplification. (b) Autocorrelation trace of the compressed pulses (blue) and comparison with a 120 fs sech2 pulse. (c) Amplified signal power as a function of the pump power (blue, left axis) and corresponding extraction efficiency (green, right axis). (d) RMS AM noise as a function of the lower frequency integration limit. (e) Phase noise (PN) power spectral density (PSD) of the repetition frequency before (gray) and after (dashed light blue) the amplification, and AM noise of the repetition frequency before (red) and after (dark blue) the amplification.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured octave-spanning SC spectrum generated in the PCF. The gray spectral bands centered at 700 nm and 1400 nm are used for CEO beat detection in the fto2f interferometer. (b) Detected free-running CEO beat at 150 MHz with a RBW of 30 kHz.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Static tuning curve of the CEO frequency with the pump current. (b) Left axis: relative amplitude of the transfer functions of the pump optical power (orange) and of fCEO (blue) for a modulation of the pump current. Right axis: phase of the transfer functions of the pump optical power (dashed orange) and of fCEO (red) for a modulation of the pump current.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Left axis: measured frequency noise PSD of the free-running (blue) and stabilized (violet) CEO signal, and pump-induced frequency noise (orange) calculated from the measured pump RIN multiplied by the pump-power-to-fCEO transfer function. Right axis: integrated phase noise of the stabilized CEO signal as a function of the upper cut-off frequency.