Abstract

Vivid images can be created with metasurface color holograms by configuring their subwavelength planar structures. However, it is a challenge to arbitrarily tune the colors of the images after the metasurfaces have been fabricated. The common method of balancing the incident intensities of individual wavelengths directly or indirectly does not change the relative brightness/color of different parts of the image. Here, we use spin manipulation and wavelength multiplexing to change the color of not only the entire holographic image but also of defined parts of it. This is achieved by designing polarization-dependent dual images for each primary color. This work demonstrates potential for exploiting dielectric metasurfaces to reconstruct colorful images, which is highly desired in the holographic display industry.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2017 (2)

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 160881 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Vashistha, G. Vaidya, R. S. Hegde, A. E. Serebryannikov, N. Bonod, and M. Krawczyk, ACS Photon. 4, 1076 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (11)

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 500 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, Sci. Adv. 2, e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, F. Dong, Q. Li, D. Yang, C. Sun, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Nano Lett. 16, 5235 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, Science 352, 1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, ACS Photon. 3, 190 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Zhao, B. Liu, H. Jiang, J. Song, Y. Pei, and Y. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 41, 147 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, S. M. Kamali, Y. Horie, and A. Faraon, Optica 3, 628 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, F. Dong, B. Wang, F. Gan, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Opt. Express 24, 16309 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, S. M. Kamali, Y. Horie, and A. Faraon, Opt. Express 24, 18468 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Wan, J. Gao, and X. Yang, ACS Nano 10, 10671 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, and M. Pu, Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (11)

Y. F. Yu, A. Y. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. H. Fu, B. Luk’Yanchuk, and A. I. Kuznetsov, Laser Photon. Rev. 9, 412 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, Science 347, 1342 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. Qiu, and A. Alù, Adv. Mater. 27, 1195 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, Nano Lett. 15, 3122 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Eisenbach, O. Avayu, R. Ditcovski, and T. Ellenbogen, Opt. Express 23, 3928 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, J. Kapraun, J. Ferrara, and C. J. Changhasnain, Optica 2, 255 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Franklin, Y. Chen, A. Vazquez-Guardado, S. Modak, J. Boroumand, D. Xu, S. Wu, and D. Chanda, Nat. Commun. 6, 7337 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, X. Li, X. Song, B. Bai, Y. Wang, and T. Zentgraf, Adv. Mater. 27, 6444 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. W. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. Qiu, Nanoscale 7, 6409 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

Y. Montelongo, J. O. Tenorio-Pearl, W. I. Milne, and T. D. Wilkinson, Nano Lett. 14, 294 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, Science 345, 298 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Vo, D. Fattal, W. V. Sorin, Z. Peng, T. Tran, M. Fiorentino, and R. G. Beausoleil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, Nano Lett. 14, 1394 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Montelongo, J. O. Tenorio-Pearl, C. Williams, S. Zhang, W. I. Milne, and T. D. Wilkinson, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, 12679 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tuennermann, and T. Pertsch, Adv. Mater. 24, 6300 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, Science 332, 218 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

L. Cao, P. Fan, E. S. Barnard, A. M. Brown, and M. L. Brongersma, Nano Lett. 10, 2649 (2010).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, Science 347, 1342 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. Qiu, and A. Alù, Adv. Mater. 27, 1195 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ambrosio, A.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, Sci. Adv. 2, e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, A.

E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, S. M. Kamali, Y. Horie, and A. Faraon, Optica 3, 628 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, S. M. Kamali, Y. Horie, and A. Faraon, Opt. Express 24, 18468 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, E.

Avayu, O.

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, X. Li, X. Song, B. Bai, Y. Wang, and T. Zentgraf, Adv. Mater. 27, 6444 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ball, A. J.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barnard, E. S.

L. Cao, P. Fan, E. S. Barnard, A. M. Brown, and M. L. Brongersma, Nano Lett. 10, 2649 (2010).
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R. G.

S. Vo, D. Fattal, W. V. Sorin, Z. Peng, T. Tran, M. Fiorentino, and R. G. Beausoleil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Biener, G.

E. Hasman, V. Kleiner, G. Biener, and A. Niv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 328 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bonod, N.

V. Vashistha, G. Vaidya, R. S. Hegde, A. E. Serebryannikov, N. Bonod, and M. Krawczyk, ACS Photon. 4, 1076 (2017).
[Crossref]

Boroumand, J.

D. Franklin, Y. Chen, A. Vazquez-Guardado, S. Modak, J. Boroumand, D. Xu, S. Wu, and D. Chanda, Nat. Commun. 6, 7337 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, Nat. Rev. Mater. 2, 160881 (2017).
[Crossref]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, Nano Lett. 14, 1394 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

E. Maguid, I. Yulevich, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, M. L. Brongersma, and E. Hasman, Science 352, 1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, Science 345, 298 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cao, P. Fan, E. S. Barnard, A. M. Brown, and M. L. Brongersma, Nano Lett. 10, 2649 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brown, A. M.

L. Cao, P. Fan, E. S. Barnard, A. M. Brown, and M. L. Brongersma, Nano Lett. 10, 2649 (2010).
[Crossref]

Burokur, S. N.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. Qiu, and A. Alù, Adv. Mater. 27, 1195 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, L.

L. Cao, P. Fan, E. S. Barnard, A. M. Brown, and M. L. Brongersma, Nano Lett. 10, 2649 (2010).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Ambrosio, P. Kanhaiya, and F. Capasso, Sci. Adv. 2, e1501258 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, Science 347, 1342 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chanda, D.

D. Franklin, Y. Chen, A. Vazquez-Guardado, S. Modak, J. Boroumand, D. Xu, S. Wu, and D. Chanda, Nat. Commun. 6, 7337 (2015).
[Crossref]

Changhasnain, C. J.

Cheah, K.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

B. Wang, F. Dong, Q. Li, D. Yang, C. Sun, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Nano Lett. 16, 5235 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, F. Dong, B. Wang, F. Gan, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Opt. Express 24, 16309 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, and M. Pu, Sci. Adv. 2, e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

Y. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, Nano Lett. 15, 3122 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. Cheah, C. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, Nat. Commun. 4, 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, Nat. Commun. 3, 1198 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

D. Franklin, Y. Chen, A. Vazquez-Guardado, S. Modak, J. Boroumand, D. Xu, S. Wu, and D. Chanda, Nat. Commun. 6, 7337 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chu, W.

Q. Li, F. Dong, B. Wang, F. Gan, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Opt. Express 24, 16309 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, F. Dong, Q. Li, D. Yang, C. Sun, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Nano Lett. 16, 5235 (2016).
[Crossref]

de Lustrac, A.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. Qiu, and A. Alù, Adv. Mater. 27, 1195 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ding, X.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. Qiu, and A. Alù, Adv. Mater. 27, 1195 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ditcovski, R.

Dong, F.

Q. Li, F. Dong, B. Wang, F. Gan, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Opt. Express 24, 16309 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, F. Dong, Q. Li, D. Yang, C. Sun, J. Chen, Z. Song, L. Xu, W. Chu, Y. Xiao, Q. Gong, and Y. Li, Nano Lett. 16, 5235 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dong, Z.

K. Huang, Z. Dong, S. Mei, L. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 500 (2016).
[Crossref]

Duempelmann, L.

L. Duempelmann, A. Luu-Dinh, B. Gallinet, and L. Novotny, ACS Photon. 3, 190 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eilenberger, F.

B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tuennermann, and T. Pertsch, Adv. Mater. 24, 6300 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eisenbach, O.

Ellenbogen, T.

Fan, P.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, Science 345, 298 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Cao, P. Fan, E. S. Barnard, A. M. Brown, and M. L. Brongersma, Nano Lett. 10, 2649 (2010).
[Crossref]

Faraon, A.

E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, S. M. Kamali, Y. Horie, and A. Faraon, Optica 3, 628 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Arbabi, A. Arbabi, S. M. Kamali, Y. Horie, and A. Faraon, Opt. Express 24, 18468 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 937 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fattal, D.

S. Vo, D. Fattal, W. V. Sorin, Z. Peng, T. Tran, M. Fiorentino, and R. G. Beausoleil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1375 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ferrara, J.

Fiorentino, M.

S. Vo, D. Fattal, W. V. Sorin, Z. Peng, T. Tran, M. Fiorentino, and R. G. Beausoleil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1375 (2014).
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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1       Supplemental document
» Visualization 1       Reconstructed holographic image with both polarization dependent and independent colors

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of the polarization-controlled color hologram. A mixed beam composed of two beams centered at 632.8 nm and 532 nm is normally incident onto the metasurface to reconstruct a color holographic image in the half-space (x<0) with different color distributions for (a) RCP and (b) LCP incident polarizations.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

One supercell consisting of two types of nanoblocks (Sr for red and Sg for green) and their DEs. (a) Top view and side view of one supercell. Nanoblock dimensions are lx and ly with the in-plane orientation (θ). P=320  nm, hs=230  nm, and ho=2  μm. The DEs as functions of lx and ly at (b) 632.8 nm and (c) 532 nm are presented. The dimensions and their DEs for the selected Sr (lx=156  nm, ly=128  nm) and Sg (lx=118  nm, ly=92  nm) are marked.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Solid color holograms without chromatic aberration for two wavelengths. (a), (b) SEM images of part of the fabricated metasurface. Inset shows the target red and green images when the metasurface is illuminated by a mixed beam of 532 nm and 632.8 nm with RCP and LCP, respectively. Dashed square indicates one supercell, and the scale bar is 1 μm. (c), (d) The Poincare sphere and the reconstructed images for the different polarizations at 532 nm and 473 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Polarization-dependent color hologram. The target image for RCP [LCP] is composed of two images at red (a) [(e)] and green (b) [(f)]. (c) The target colorful image and (d) the reconstructed image for RCP. (g) The target colorful image and (h) the reconstructed image for LCP.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Metasurface hologram to reconstruct the image with both polarization-dependent and -independent colors. Row A: target images for different incident polarization states. Experiment results for corresponding polarization states while (row B) lasers of 632.8 nm and 532 nm illuminate simultaneously. The movie of the color change is presented in Visualization 1.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental results of the spin-controlled full-color holograms. (a) The SEM image of a part of the fabricated metasurface. (b) Oblique view. The scale bars in (a) and (b) are 1 μm and 500 nm, respectively. From (c) to (g), the reconstructed images when the incident polarization changes from RCP to linear then to LCP by continually rotating a quarter-wave plate. The captured images in (c) and (g) agree well with the target images for RCP and LCP incidences in Figs. 6(a) and 6(b). The quantitative relation between the incident polarization and generated colors is presented in Supplement 1.