Abstract

Mode-locked lasers are prone to exhibit a wide range of dynamics, many of them analyzed within the concept of dissipative solitons. However, ultrafast laser dynamics goes beyond the denomination of mode locking, for instance, with the possible emission of incoherent pulse bursts. Therefore, we propose to expand the notion of dissipative solitons to incoherent localized formations, which we illustrate experimentally by reporting original vector dynamics of incoherent dissipative solitons generated in an ultrafast fiber laser. The laser uses a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and is operated in the anomalous dispersion regime. We provide a real-time spectral characterization of the vector dynamics, highlighting several salient features of the self-organization. Both polarization locking and polarization switching dynamics of the incoherent soliton are observed, generalizing previous observations made in the coherent case. We also demonstrate that transient spectro-temporal ordering takes place among the incoherent pulse, analogous to the coalescence of well-separated droplets in liquids. In the vicinity of polarization switching dynamics, we show that intermittent behaviors can be associated with the generation of vector rogue waves bearing common features with the soliton explosion effect.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Dynamic trapping of a polarization rotation vector soliton in a fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42, 330–333 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Dynamics of soliton explosions in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, 46–53 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, Y.-R. Yan, S. Hu, Y.-C. Liu, H. Cui, Z.-C. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Successive soliton explosions in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1181–1184 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, W.-C. Xu, and Z.-C. Luo, “Dissipative rogue waves induced by soliton explosions in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41, 3912–3915 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Observation of soliton explosions in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Optica 2, 36–39 (2015).
[Crossref]

A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Q.-Y. Ning, N. Zhao, W.-C. Chen, and W.-C. Xu, “Noise-like pulse trapping in a figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 10422–10427 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

Q.-Y. Ning, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, W. Yu, A.-P. Luo, X.-G. Huang, Z.-C. Luo, W.-C. Xu, S.-H. Xu, and Z.-M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 063812 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Habruseva, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, and S. V. Sergeyev, “Polarization attractors in harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 15211–15217 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Vector solitons with locked and precessing states of polarization,” Opt. Express 20, 27434–27440 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Zavyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, “Rogue waves in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Michel, B. Kibler, J. Garnier, and A. Picozzi, “Temporal incoherent solitons supported by a defocusing nonlinearity with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 041801(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by a modelocked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. M. Soto-Crespo, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves: extreme pulses generated by passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2006 (1)

O. Cohen, H. Buljan, T. Schwartz, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, “Incoherent solitons in instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 015601(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, “Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 13, 2289–2294 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143902 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and A. Ankiewicz, “Pulsating, creeping and erupting solitons in dissipative systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937–2940 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by a modelocked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves: extreme pulses generated by passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and A. Ankiewicz, “Pulsating, creeping and erupting solitons in dissipative systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937–2940 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. Chang and N. Akhmediev, Exploding Solitons and Rogue Waves in Optical Cavities (2016), Chapter 11 in [2].

Akhmediev, N. N.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Amiraranashvili, S.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Andral, U.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ankiewicz, A.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and A. Ankiewicz, “Pulsating, creeping and erupting solitons in dissipative systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937–2940 (2000).
[Crossref]

Arecchi, F. T.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Barad, Y.

Baronio, F.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Belic, M.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bendahmane, A.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bortolozzo, U.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bree, C.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N. G. R.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Dynamics of soliton explosions in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, 46–53 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Observation of soliton explosions in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Optica 2, 36–39 (2015).
[Crossref]

Buljan, H.

O. Cohen, H. Buljan, T. Schwartz, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, “Incoherent solitons in instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 015601(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Chang and N. Akhmediev, Exploding Solitons and Rogue Waves in Optical Cavities (2016), Chapter 11 in [2].

Chen, W.-C.

A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Q.-Y. Ning, N. Zhao, W.-C. Chen, and W.-C. Xu, “Noise-like pulse trapping in a figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 10422–10427 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chouli, S.

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Rains of solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17, 11776–11781 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

O. Cohen, H. Buljan, T. Schwartz, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, “Incoherent solitons in instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 015601(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Collings, B. C.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Coulibaly, S.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Demircan, A.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

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A. Zavyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, “Rogue waves in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Erkintalo, M.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Dynamics of soliton explosions in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, 46–53 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Observation of soliton explosions in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Optica 2, 36–39 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fleischer, J. W.

O. Cohen, H. Buljan, T. Schwartz, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, “Incoherent solitons in instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 015601(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Garnier, J.

C. Michel, B. Kibler, J. Garnier, and A. Picozzi, “Temporal incoherent solitons supported by a defocusing nonlinearity with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 041801(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

Genty, G.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

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K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
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K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 063812 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by a modelocked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
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J. M. Soto-Crespo, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves: extreme pulses generated by passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Rains of solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17, 11776–11781 (2009).
[Crossref]

Haboucha, A.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Habruseva, T.

Hammani, K.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
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Horowitz, M.

Hu, S.

Huang, X.-G.

Iliew, R.

A. Zavyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, “Rogue waves in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jalali, B.

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kibler, B.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Michel, B. Kibler, J. Garnier, and A. Picozzi, “Temporal incoherent solitons supported by a defocusing nonlinearity with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 041801(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

Knox, W. H.

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Komarov, A.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krupa, K.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kudlinski, A.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
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Leblond, H.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lecaplain, C.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
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C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 063812 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by a modelocked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

A. Zavyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, “Rogue waves in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Q.-Y. Ning, N. Zhao, W.-C. Chen, and W.-C. Xu, “Noise-like pulse trapping in a figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 10422–10427 (2015).
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Q.-Y. Ning, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, W. Yu, A.-P. Luo, X.-G. Huang, Z.-C. Luo, W.-C. Xu, S.-H. Xu, and Z.-M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 11900–11911 (2014).
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Liu, M.

Liu, Y.-C.

Luo, A.-P.

Luo, Z.-C.

Masoller, C.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Michel, C.

C. Michel, B. Kibler, J. Garnier, and A. Picozzi, “Temporal incoherent solitons supported by a defocusing nonlinearity with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 041801(R) (2012).
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V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
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N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
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Mou, C.

Mussot, A.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ning, Q.-Y.

A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Q.-Y. Ning, N. Zhao, W.-C. Chen, and W.-C. Xu, “Noise-like pulse trapping in a figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 10422–10427 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q.-Y. Ning, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, W. Yu, A.-P. Luo, X.-G. Huang, Z.-C. Luo, W.-C. Xu, S.-H. Xu, and Z.-M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nithyanandan, K.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pagel, T.

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143902 (2005).
[Crossref]

Panajotov, K.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Picozzi, A.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Michel, B. Kibler, J. Garnier, and A. Picozzi, “Temporal incoherent solitons supported by a defocusing nonlinearity with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 041801(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

Rabin, B.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref]

Residori, S.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rica, S.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rozhin, A.

Runge, A. F. J.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Dynamics of soliton explosions in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33, 46–53 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Observation of soliton explosions in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Optica 2, 36–39 (2015).
[Crossref]

Salhi, M.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schwartz, T.

O. Cohen, H. Buljan, T. Schwartz, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, “Incoherent solitons in instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 015601(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Segev, M.

O. Cohen, H. Buljan, T. Schwartz, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, “Incoherent solitons in instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 015601(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Mitchell and M. Segev, “Self-trapping of incoherent white light,” Nature 387, 880–883 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sergeyev, S. V.

Silberberg, Y.

Soto-Crespo, J.

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by a modelocked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves: extreme pulses generated by passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and A. Ankiewicz, “Pulsating, creeping and erupting solitons in dissipative systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937–2940 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J.-M.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stratmann, M.

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143902 (2005).
[Crossref]

Szriftgiser, P.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taki, M.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tchofo-Dinda, P.

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tiofack, C. G.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tlidi, M.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsatourian, V.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S. K.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Vector solitons with locked and precessing states of polarization,” Opt. Express 20, 27434–27440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vouzas, P.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wabnitz, S.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 063812 (2014).
[Crossref]

Westbrook, P. S.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

Xu, S.-H.

Xu, W.-C.

Yan, Y.-R.

Yang, Z.-M.

Yu, W.

Zavyalov, A.

A. Zavyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, “Rogue waves in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Y.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Q.-Y. Ning, N. Zhao, W.-C. Chen, and W.-C. Xu, “Noise-like pulse trapping in a figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 10422–10427 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.-W.

A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Q.-Y. Ning, N. Zhao, W.-C. Chen, and W.-C. Xu, “Noise-like pulse trapping in a figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23, 10422–10427 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q.-Y. Ning, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, W. Yu, A.-P. Luo, X.-G. Huang, Z.-C. Luo, W.-C. Xu, S.-H. Xu, and Z.-M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhong, W.-P.

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

N. Akhmediev, B. Kibler, F. Baronio, M. Belić, W.-P. Zhong, Y. Zhang, W. Chang, J.-M. Soto-Crespo, P. Vouzas, P. Grelu, C. Lecaplain, K. Hammani, S. Rica, A. Picozzi, M. Tlidi, K. Panajotov, A. Mussot, A. Bendahmane, P. Szriftgiser, G. Genty, J. Dudley, A. Kudlinski, A. Demircan, U. Morgner, S. Amiraranashvili, C. Bree, G. Steinmeyer, C. Masoller, N. G. R. Broderick, A. F. J. Runge, M. Erkintalo, S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, F. T. Arecchi, S. Wabnitz, C. G. Tiofack, S. Coulibaly, and M. Taki, “Roadmap on optical rogue waves and extreme events,” J. Opt. 18, 063001 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (2)

K. Goda and B. Jalali, “Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements,” Nat. Photonics 7, 102–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. Mitchell and M. Segev, “Self-trapping of incoherent white light,” Nature 387, 880–883 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Michel, B. Kibler, J. Garnier, and A. Picozzi, “Temporal incoherent solitons supported by a defocusing nonlinearity with anomalous dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 041801(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, and S. Wabnitz, “Dynamics of the transition from polarization disorder to antiphase polarization domains in vector fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 063812 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain and P. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Zavyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, “Rogue waves in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

O. Cohen, H. Buljan, T. Schwartz, J. W. Fleischer, and M. Segev, “Incoherent solitons in instantaneous nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 015601(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, P. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves: extreme pulses generated by passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

C. Lecaplain, P. Grelu, J. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative rogue waves generated by a modelocked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, and A. Ankiewicz, “Pulsating, creeping and erupting solitons in dissipative systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937–2940 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143902 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, U. Andral, P. Tchofo-Dinda, and P. Grelu, “Real-time observation of internal motion within ultrafast dissipative optical soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 243901 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, eds., Dissipative Solitons (Springer, 2005).

P. Grelu, ed., Nonlinear Optical Cavity Dynamics (Wiley-VCH, 2016).

W. Chang and N. Akhmediev, Exploding Solitons and Rogue Waves in Optical Cavities (2016), Chapter 11 in [2].

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the SESAM mode-locked fiber ring laser (on the right), and its ultrafast characterization line (on the left). EDF, erbium-doped fiber; SMF, standard single-mode fiber (blue lines); CIRC, polarization-independent optical circulator; OC, optical coupler; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; LD, pump laser diode at 980 nm; ISO, polarization-independent optical isolator; PC, polarization controller; PBS, polarization beam splitter; DCF, dispersion compensation fiber; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) 2D contour plot of 1000 consecutive normalized single-shot first-order autocorrelation traces calculated by Fourier transform of (b) corresponding DFT spectra; (c) comparison between the normalized multi-shot second-order autocorrelation trace (blue curve) and normalized mean first-order autocorrelation trace (red curve) corresponding to the average of the 1000 traces of panel (a); (d) comparison between the recorded average OSA spectrum (blue curve) and calculated average spectrum (red curve) obtained from the 1000 single-shot spectra of the panel (b). Example of a single-shot spectrum is also presented (grey curve). Pump power is 280 mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results of (a) polarization-locked vector solitons and (b) polarization switching vector solitons with 0.5 duty cycle ratio. Both panels display 2D contour plots of consecutive single-shot laser spectra obtained from real-time DFT measurements at 280 mW pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Polarization-resolved 2D contour plots of 8000 consecutive single-shot spectra measured in the vector incoherent soliton explosion regime; (b) examples of four single-shot spectra measured at the indicated roundtrip numbers, around the explosion event; (c) temporal zoom of the corresponding optical intensity evolution over 8000 roundtrips, which is directly measured at the cavity output (cavity roundtrip time is 38 ns).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Histogram on log scale showing the statistical distribution of the maximal spectral intensity fluctuations in the explosive regime, measured as a voltage amplitude (in mV) on the oscilloscope for (a) x-polarization and (b) y-polarization components. SWH, significant wave height.