Abstract

To realize a quantum network based on quantum entanglement swapping, bright and completely autonomous sources are essentially required. Here, we experimentally demonstrate Hong–Ou–Mandel (HOM) interference between two independent bright photon-pair sources generated via the spontaneous four-wave mixing in Doppler-broadened ladder-type Rb87 atoms. Bright autonomous heralded single-photon sources are operated in a continuous-wave (CW) mode with no synchronization or supplemental filters. The four-fold photon coincidence counts per hour correspond to 200 events for a temporal range of 0.4 ns, higher than those previously reported for autonomous single photons. We observe an HOM dip with 83% visibility with the two autonomous heralded single photons for an effective measurement time of 900 s. The achievement of HOM interference between two bright autonomous photon-pair sources constitutes an important step toward a practical scalable quantum network.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (1)

L. Zhu, X. Guo, C. Shu, H. Jeong, and S. Du, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161101 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

Y.-S. Lee, S. M. Lee, H. Kim, and H. S. Moon, Opt. Express 24, 28083 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Qian, Z. Gu, R. Cao, R. Wen, Z. Y. Ou, J. F. Chen, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 013602 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

S. Du, Phys. Rev. A 92, 043836 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslenniknov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123602 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Harder, V. Ansari, B. Brecht, T. Dirmeier, C. Marquardt, and C. Silberhorn, Opt. Express 21, 13975 (2013).
[Crossref]

R.-B. Jin, K. Wakui, R. Shimizu, H. Benichi, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. A 87, 063801 (2013).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

C.-Y. Lu, D. E. Browne, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250504 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinder, Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, R. Zhao, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113602 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, S. Chen, B. Zhao, M. Koch, T. Strassel, Y. Zhao, G. J. Zhu, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 180503 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, J. Laurat, E. W. Schomburg, H. de Riedmatten, and H. J. Kimble, Nat. Phys. 2, 844 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 240502 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

I. A. Walmsley and M. G. Raymer, Science 307, 1733 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. A. Bovino, G. Castagnoli, A. Ekert, P. Horodecki, C. M. Alves, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240407 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. Zukowski, A. Zeilinger, M. A. Horne, and A. K. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4287 (1993).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[Crossref]

Alves, C. M.

F. A. Bovino, G. Castagnoli, A. Ekert, P. Horodecki, C. M. Alves, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ansari, V.

Aspelmeyer, M.

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 240502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Balic, V.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[Crossref]

Benichi, H.

R.-B. Jin, K. Wakui, R. Shimizu, H. Benichi, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. A 87, 063801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beveratos, A.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinder, Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Blauensteiner, B.

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 240502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bovino, F. A.

F. A. Bovino, G. Castagnoli, A. Ekert, P. Horodecki, C. M. Alves, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Braje, D. A.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[Crossref]

Brecht, B.

Browne, D. E.

C.-Y. Lu, D. E. Browne, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250504 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bruno, N.

Cao, R.

P. Qian, Z. Gu, R. Cao, R. Wen, Z. Y. Ou, J. F. Chen, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 013602 (2016).
[Crossref]

Castagnoli, G.

F. A. Bovino, G. Castagnoli, A. Ekert, P. Horodecki, C. M. Alves, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chaneliere, T.

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chanelière, T.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, R. Zhao, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113602 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chapman, M. S.

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. F.

P. Qian, Z. Gu, R. Cao, R. Wen, Z. Y. Ou, J. F. Chen, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 013602 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, S. Chen, B. Zhao, M. Koch, T. Strassel, Y. Zhao, G. J. Zhu, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 180503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-A.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, S. Chen, B. Zhao, M. Koch, T. Strassel, Y. Zhao, G. J. Zhu, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 180503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chng, B.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslenniknov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chou, C. W.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, J. Laurat, E. W. Schomburg, H. de Riedmatten, and H. J. Kimble, Nat. Phys. 2, 844 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cirac, J. I.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

de Riedmatten, H.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, J. Laurat, E. W. Schomburg, H. de Riedmatten, and H. J. Kimble, Nat. Phys. 2, 844 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dirmeier, T.

Du, S.

L. Zhu, X. Guo, C. Shu, H. Jeong, and S. Du, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161101 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Du, Phys. Rev. A 92, 043836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Duan, L.-M.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ekert, A.

F. A. Bovino, G. Castagnoli, A. Ekert, P. Horodecki, C. M. Alves, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ekert, A. K.

M. Zukowski, A. Zeilinger, M. A. Horne, and A. K. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4287 (1993).
[Crossref]

Felinto, D.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, J. Laurat, E. W. Schomburg, H. de Riedmatten, and H. J. Kimble, Nat. Phys. 2, 844 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, M.

R.-B. Jin, K. Wakui, R. Shimizu, H. Benichi, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. A 87, 063801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinder, Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gu, Z.

P. Qian, Z. Gu, R. Cao, R. Wen, Z. Y. Ou, J. F. Chen, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 013602 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guerreiro, T.

Gulati, G. K.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslenniknov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

L. Zhu, X. Guo, C. Shu, H. Jeong, and S. Du, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Halder, M.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinder, Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Harder, G.

Harris, S. E.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[Crossref]

Horne, M. A.

M. Zukowski, A. Zeilinger, M. A. Horne, and A. K. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4287 (1993).
[Crossref]

Horodecki, P.

F. A. Bovino, G. Castagnoli, A. Ekert, P. Horodecki, C. M. Alves, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, S. D.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, R. Zhao, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113602 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jeong, H.

L. Zhu, X. Guo, C. Shu, H. Jeong, and S. Du, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jin, R.-B.

R.-B. Jin, K. Wakui, R. Shimizu, H. Benichi, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. A 87, 063801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kaltenbaek, R.

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 240502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, R. Zhao, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113602 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Kimble, H. J.

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, J. Laurat, E. W. Schomburg, H. de Riedmatten, and H. J. Kimble, Nat. Phys. 2, 844 (2006).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, S. Chen, B. Zhao, M. Koch, T. Strassel, Y. Zhao, G. J. Zhu, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 180503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kolchin, P.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kurtsiefer, C.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslenniknov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kuzmich, A.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, R. Zhao, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113602 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lan, S.-Y.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, R. Zhao, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113602 (2007).
[Crossref]

Laurat, J.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, J. Laurat, E. W. Schomburg, H. de Riedmatten, and H. J. Kimble, Nat. Phys. 2, 844 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. M.

Lee, Y.-S.

Lu, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Lu, D. E. Browne, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250504 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lundeen, J. S.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[Crossref]

Marquardt, C.

Martin, A.

Maslenniknov, G.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslenniknov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Matsukevich, D.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslenniknov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Matsukevich, D. N.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, R. Zhao, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 113602 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Chaneliere, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 093604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miki, S.

R.-B. Jin, K. Wakui, R. Shimizu, H. Benichi, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. A 87, 063801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moon, H. S.

Mosley, P. J.

P. J. Mosley, J. S. Lundeen, B. J. Smith, P. Wasylczyk, A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, and I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 133601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ou, Z. Y.

P. Qian, Z. Gu, R. Cao, R. Wen, Z. Y. Ou, J. F. Chen, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 013602 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[Crossref]

Pan, J.-W.

C.-Y. Lu, D. E. Browne, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250504 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, S. Chen, B. Zhao, M. Koch, T. Strassel, Y. Zhao, G. J. Zhu, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 180503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qian, P.

P. Qian, Z. Gu, R. Cao, R. Wen, Z. Y. Ou, J. F. Chen, and W. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 013602 (2016).
[Crossref]

Raymer, M. G.

I. A. Walmsley and M. G. Raymer, Science 307, 1733 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sanguinetti, B.

Sasaki, M.

R.-B. Jin, K. Wakui, R. Shimizu, H. Benichi, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. A 87, 063801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Scarani, V.

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinder, Nat. Phys. 3, 692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schmiedmayer, J.

Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, S. Chen, B. Zhao, M. Koch, T. Strassel, Y. Zhao, G. J. Zhu, J. Schmiedmayer, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 180503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schomburg, E. W.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, J. Laurat, E. W. Schomburg, H. de Riedmatten, and H. J. Kimble, Nat. Phys. 2, 844 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sergienko, A. V.

F. A. Bovino, G. Castagnoli, A. Ekert, P. Horodecki, C. M. Alves, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 240407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, R.

R.-B. Jin, K. Wakui, R. Shimizu, H. Benichi, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, Z. Wang, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, Phys. Rev. A 87, 063801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shu, C.

L. Zhu, X. Guo, C. Shu, H. Jeong, and S. Du, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 161101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Silberhorn, C.

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1       Purity of heralded single photon sources

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Generation of signal and idler photons owing to Doppler-free two-photon coherence via interaction of Doppler-broadened ladder-type atomic system with pump and coupling lasers. (b) A schematic of the experimental setup for HOM interference between two independent CW photon pairs (P, polarizer; H, half-wave plate; Q, quarter-wave plate; FBS, fiber beam splitter; F, filtering stages composed of interference filter and solid fused-silica etalon filter; SPDs, single-photon detectors).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Signal- and idler-photon single counting rates and photon-pair coincidence counting rate as functions of pump power for 10 mW coupling power. (b) Two-fold coincidence measurements between the signal and idler photons yielded by four SPDs positioned after FBS; SPD1 and SPD4 detected Signal1 and Signal2, respectively, and SPD2 and SPD3 simultaneously detected Idler1 and Idler2 split and mixed by the FBS.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Four-fold coincidence measurement of two independent CW photon pairs in a 900 s measurement period. The HOM interference has 83% visibility.

Equations (1)

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P(4)(Δt)=T2dτ|h1(τ)|2dτ|h2(τ)|2+R2dτ|h1(τ)|2dτ|h2(τ)|22TR|dτh1*(τ)h2(τ+Δt)|2+4TRg˜(2)dτ|h1(τ)|22dτ|h2(τ)|22,

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