Abstract

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have emerged as promising color conversion light emitters for solid-state lighting applications [Nat. Photonics 7, 13 (2012) [CrossRef]   due to their emission tunability and near-unity photoluminescence quantum yields. In the current commercial LEDs, QDs are dispersed into an encapsulation layer in a far-field architecture, where the majority of the light emitted by the LED remains trapped within the epitaxy due to total internal reflection, drastically reducing the out-coupling efficiency. In this paper, we demonstrate a photonic quasi-crystal hybrid LED geometry that allows QD emitters to be placed in close proximity to the multiple quantum wells (MQWs) of the active area. This architecture greatly improves the coupling between MQWs and QDs, simultaneously allowing for a non-radiative resonant energy transfer between the MQWs and the QDs and near-field radiative coupling of trapped (guided) modes in the LED to the emitters. In this configuration, we demonstrate record-breaking effective quantum yields reaching 123% for single-color conversion LEDs and 110% for white light-emitting devices.

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References

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  1. R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7, 13–23 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  6. Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
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    [Crossref]
  14. Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
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  15. J. Bai, Q. Wang, and T. Wang, “Greatly enhanced performance of InGaN/GaN nanorod light emitting diodes,” Phys. Status Solidi 209, 477–480 (2012).
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  17. J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. J. Park, K. J. Choi, and J. S. Kwak, “Enhanced color-conversion efficiency between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nitride LEDs by using nano-patterned p-GaN,” J. Electroceram. 33, 2–6 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  21. Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  24. F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. J. Park, K. J. Choi, and J. S. Kwak, “Enhanced color-conversion efficiency between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nitride LEDs by using nano-patterned p-GaN,” J. Electroceram. 33, 2–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7, 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, J. Liu, G. You, C. Zhang, S. E. Mohney, M. J. Park, J. S. Kwak, Y. Wang, D. D. Koleske, and J. Xu, “Nonradiative energy transfer between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nanopillar nitride LEDs,” Opt. Express 20, A333–A339 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Bai, Q. Wang, and T. Wang, “Greatly enhanced performance of InGaN/GaN nanorod light emitting diodes,” Phys. Status Solidi 209, 477–480 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

V. Wood and V. Bulović, “Colloidal quantum dot light-emitting devices,” Nano Rev. 1, 5202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

J. J. Wierer, A. David, and M. M. Megens, “III-nitride photonic-crystal light-emitting diodes with high extraction efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 3, 163–169 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Wiesmann, K. Bergenek, N. Linder, and U. T. Schwarz, “Photonic crystal LEDs—designing light extraction,” Laser Photon. Rev 3, 262–286 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Achermann, M.

M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Allen, P.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

Allen, P. M.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baek, J. H.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bai, J.

J. Bai, Q. Wang, and T. Wang, “Greatly enhanced performance of InGaN/GaN nanorod light emitting diodes,” Phys. Status Solidi 209, 477–480 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bawendi, M.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bawendi, M. G.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7, 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Benisty, H.

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bergenek, K.

C. Wiesmann, K. Bergenek, N. Linder, and U. T. Schwarz, “Photonic crystal LEDs—designing light extraction,” Laser Photon. Rev 3, 262–286 (2009).
[Crossref]

Binks, D. J.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bondino, F.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Breen, C.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brossard, M.

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bulovic, V.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7, 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Wood and V. Bulović, “Colloidal quantum dot light-emitting devices,” Nano Rev. 1, 5202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chanyawadee, S.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. D. B. Charlton, P. Lagoudakis, and S. Chanyawadee, “Optical device with non radiative energy transfer,” U.S. patentWO2010092362 A3 (October14, 2010).

Charlton, M. D. B.

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. D. B. Charlton, “Photonic crystal nitride LEDs,” in Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs): Materials, Technologies and Applications (Woodhead, 2014), pp. 301–354.

M. D. B. Charlton, P. Lagoudakis, and S. Chanyawadee, “Optical device with non radiative energy transfer,” U.S. patentWO2010092362 A3 (October14, 2010).

Chen, L.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Choe, J. H.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Choi, K. J.

M. J. Park, K. J. Choi, and J. S. Kwak, “Enhanced color-conversion efficiency between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nitride LEDs by using nano-patterned p-GaN,” J. Electroceram. 33, 2–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chow, E.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

Coe-Sullivan, S.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Constant, K.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Crawford, M. H.

M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, B. T.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dai, X.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

David, A.

J. J. Wierer, A. David, and M. M. Megens, “III-nitride photonic-crystal light-emitting diodes with high extraction efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 3, 163–169 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

de Mello Donegá, C.

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

Diana, F. S.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Espinobarro-Velazquez, D.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Flavell, W. R.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fu, H.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
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Fujii, T.

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
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Ganesh, N.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
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A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haigh, S. J.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
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J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
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Han Park, Q.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
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S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
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J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
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Ho, K. M.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hong, C.-Y.

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
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Hu, E. L.

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
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Huang, H. W.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
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Hung, M.

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
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Jin, Y.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
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Jung, T.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kazlas, P. T.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
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Kim, D. H.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, E. H.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, T. G.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
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Klimov, V. I.

M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
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Koleske, D. D.

F. Zhang, J. Liu, G. You, C. Zhang, S. E. Mohney, M. J. Park, J. S. Kwak, Y. Wang, D. D. Koleske, and J. Xu, “Nonradiative energy transfer between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nanopillar nitride LEDs,” Opt. Express 20, A333–A339 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
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Koole, R.

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kwak, J. S.

M. J. Park, K. J. Choi, and J. S. Kwak, “Enhanced color-conversion efficiency between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nitride LEDs by using nano-patterned p-GaN,” J. Electroceram. 33, 2–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, J. Liu, G. You, C. Zhang, S. E. Mohney, M. J. Park, J. S. Kwak, Y. Wang, D. D. Koleske, and J. Xu, “Nonradiative energy transfer between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nanopillar nitride LEDs,” Opt. Express 20, A333–A339 (2012).
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Lagoudakis, P.

M. D. B. Charlton, P. Lagoudakis, and S. Chanyawadee, “Optical device with non radiative energy transfer,” U.S. patentWO2010092362 A3 (October14, 2010).

Lagoudakis, P. G.

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref]

Leontiadou, M.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lewis, E.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-H.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref]

Linder, N.

C. Wiesmann, K. Bergenek, N. Linder, and U. T. Schwarz, “Photonic crystal LEDs—designing light extraction,” Laser Photon. Rev 3, 262–286 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Magnano, E.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Malyarchuk, V.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mashford, B. S.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mathias, P. C.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

McGroddy, K.

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

Megens, M. M.

J. J. Wierer, A. David, and M. M. Megens, “III-nitride photonic-crystal light-emitting diodes with high extraction efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 3, 163–169 (2009).
[Crossref]

Meijerink, A.

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meinel, I.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mohney, S. E.

Nakamura, S.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

Niu, Y.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nocera, D. G.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, P.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Page, R. C.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pan, C.-C.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, J. M.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Park, M. J.

M. J. Park, K. J. Choi, and J. S. Kwak, “Enhanced color-conversion efficiency between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nitride LEDs by using nano-patterned p-GaN,” J. Electroceram. 33, 2–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, J. Liu, G. You, C. Zhang, S. E. Mohney, M. J. Park, J. S. Kwak, Y. Wang, D. D. Koleske, and J. Xu, “Nonradiative energy transfer between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nanopillar nitride LEDs,” Opt. Express 20, A333–A339 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pengpad, A.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Petroff, P. M.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Petruska, M.

M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pietra, F.

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pis, I.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Popovic, Z.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Radtke, H.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Riemersma, C.

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ryu, H. Y.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Savvidis, P. G.

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schwarz, U. T.

C. Wiesmann, K. Bergenek, N. Linder, and U. T. Schwarz, “Photonic crystal LEDs—designing light extraction,” Laser Photon. Rev 3, 262–286 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sharma, R.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shin, Y. C.

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shirasaki, Y.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7, 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Smith, A. D.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

Smith, C.

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Soares, J. A. N. T.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

Steckel, J.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Steckel, J. S.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stevenson, M.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Supran, G. J.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7, 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Talapin, D. V.

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van de Walle, C.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Walker, B.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

J. Bai, Q. Wang, and T. Wang, “Greatly enhanced performance of InGaN/GaN nanorod light emitting diodes,” Phys. Status Solidi 209, 477–480 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

J. Bai, Q. Wang, and T. Wang, “Greatly enhanced performance of InGaN/GaN nanorod light emitting diodes,” Phys. Status Solidi 209, 477–480 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Weisbuch, C.

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wierer, J. J.

J. J. Wierer, A. David, and M. M. Megens, “III-nitride photonic-crystal light-emitting diodes with high extraction efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 3, 163–169 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wiesmann, C.

C. Wiesmann, K. Bergenek, N. Linder, and U. T. Schwarz, “Photonic crystal LEDs—designing light extraction,” Laser Photon. Rev 3, 262–286 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wood, V.

V. Wood and V. Bulović, “Colloidal quantum dot light-emitting devices,” Nano Rev. 1, 5202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.-R.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xi, J.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Yan, Q.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

You, G.

Young, E. R.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, P.

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, W.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

Y. Zhao, C. Riemersma, F. Pietra, R. Koole, C. de Mello Donegá, and A. Meijerink, “High-temperature luminescence quenching of colloidal quantum dots,” ACS Nano 6, 9058–9067 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Chanyawadee, P. G. Lagoudakis, R. T. Harley, M. D. B. Charlton, D. V. Talapin, H. W. Huang, and C.-H. Lin, “Increased color-conversion efficiency in hybrid light-emitting diodes utilizing non-radiative energy transfer,” Adv. Mater. 22, 602–606 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Brossard, C.-Y. Hong, M. Hung, P. Yu, M. D. B. Charlton, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Novel non-radiative exciton harvesting scheme yields a 15% efficiency improvement in high-efficiency III-V solar cells,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 263–269 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. David, T. Fujii, R. Sharma, K. McGroddy, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, E. L. Hu, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, “Photonic-crystal GaN light-emitting diodes with tailored guided modes distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061124 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chem. Sci. (1)

A. B. Greytak, P. M. Allen, W. Liu, J. Zhao, E. R. Young, Z. Popović, B. Walker, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, “Alternating layer addition approach to CdSe/CdS core/shell quantum dots with near-unity quantum yield and high on-time fractions,” Chem. Sci. 3, 2028–2034 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y.-R. Wu, Q. Yan, S. P. DenBaars, C. Van de Walle, H. Fu, S. Nakamura, Y. Zhao, and C.-C. Pan, “High optical power and low-efficiency droop blue light-emitting diodes using compositionally step-graded InGaN barrier,” Electron. Lett. 51, 1187–1189 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. C. Shin, D. H. Kim, E. H. Kim, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, K. Constant, J. H. Choe, Q. Han Park, H. Y. Ryu, J. H. Baek, T. Jung, and T. G. Kim, “High efficiency gan light-emitting diodes with two dimensional photonic crystal structures of deep-hole square lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 116–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Electroceram. (1)

M. J. Park, K. J. Choi, and J. S. Kwak, “Enhanced color-conversion efficiency between colloidal quantum dot-phosphors and nitride LEDs by using nano-patterned p-GaN,” J. Electroceram. 33, 2–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev (1)

C. Wiesmann, K. Bergenek, N. Linder, and U. T. Schwarz, “Photonic crystal LEDs—designing light extraction,” Laser Photon. Rev 3, 262–286 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

M. Achermann, M. Petruska, D. D. Koleske, M. H. Crawford, and V. I. Klimov, “Nanocrystal-based light-emitting diodes utilizing high-efficiency nonradiative energy transfer for color conversion,” Nano Lett. 6, 1396–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6, 1116–1120 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nano Rev. (1)

V. Wood and V. Bulović, “Colloidal quantum dot light-emitting devices,” Nano Rev. 1, 5202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

J. J. Wierer, A. David, and M. M. Megens, “III-nitride photonic-crystal light-emitting diodes with high extraction efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 3, 163–169 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7, 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7, 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515, 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

J. Bai, Q. Wang, and T. Wang, “Greatly enhanced performance of InGaN/GaN nanorod light emitting diodes,” Phys. Status Solidi 209, 477–480 (2012).
[Crossref]

SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. (1)

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, J. Xi, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45, 130–133 (2014).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

R. C. Page, D. Espinobarro-Velazquez, M. Leontiadou, C. Smith, E. Lewis, S. J. Haigh, C. Li, H. Radtke, A. Pengpad, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, I. Pis, W. R. Flavell, P. O’Brien, and D. J. Binks, “Near-unity quantum yields from chloride treated CdTe colloidal quantum dots,” Small 11, 1548–1554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

M. D. B. Charlton, P. Lagoudakis, and S. Chanyawadee, “Optical device with non radiative energy transfer,” U.S. patentWO2010092362 A3 (October14, 2010).

MMD and QD Vision, MMD, QD Vision Introduce World’s First Quantum Dot Monitor (2015).

M. D. B. Charlton, “Photonic crystal nitride LEDs,” in Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs): Materials, Technologies and Applications (Woodhead, 2014), pp. 301–354.

Supplementary Material (1)

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» Supplement 1: PDF (405 KB)      Supplemental document

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic representation, (b) cross-sectional, and (c) top SEM images of a photonic quasi-crystal LED hybridized with QD color converters.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. J–V characteristics of a planar (black solid line) and of a PQC (red solid line) LED.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a, b) Electroluminescence spectra of a PQC LED before (black solid line) and after hybridization (red solid line) with (a) QD-585 and (b) a blend of QD-535, QD-585, and QD-630, along with the absorption spectrum of QD-585 (orange dashed line) in (a) and the absorption spectrum of QD-535 (green dashed line), QD-585 (orange dashed line), and QD-630 (red dashed line) in (b). (c, d) Effective quantum yield (red solid circles) and effective color conversion efficiency (black open squares) of a PQC LED hybridized with QD-585 in (c) and with the QD blend in (d). The solid lines are a guide for the eye.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Chromaticity diagram indicating the CIE coordinates for PQC LEDs hybridized with QD-585 (green circle), with the tri-color QD blend (red star) and for variations of the blend ratio (black stars). Measurements are reported for an 80 mA injection current.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Time-resolved photoluminescence decays of a PQC LED before (black) and after (red) hybridization with QD-585 in (a) and with the tri-color QD blend in (b). The dashed lines indicate best fits to the experimental data using Eq. (3).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

CCE = I QDs Hybrid ( λ ) d λ I MQW Bare ( λ ) d λ ,
EQY = I QDs Hybrid ( λ ) d λ I MQW Bare ( λ ) d λ I MQW Hybrid ( λ ) d λ .
I ( t ) = Ae ( ( k r + k RET ) * t ) β + Be ( k r * t ) β ,

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