Abstract

Orbital angular momentum (OAM) has gained great interest due to its most attractive feature of high dimensionality, and several groundbreaking demonstrations in communication based on OAM multiplexing have been carried out. Accordingly, a rapid data-density growth from OAM multiplexing has posed a great challenge to the signal-processing layer. Meanwhile, in another area, optical signal-processing circuit based on photon–phonon conversion has received considerable attention and made rapid progress. Here, with the aim of finding the intersection between OAM multiplexing and photon–phonon conversion, we report on the observation of reversible OAM photon–phonon conversion. A specific OAM state can be flexibly and controllably interconverted between the photonic and phononic domains via Brillouin photon–phonon coupling within the decay time of the acoustic signal, in which OAM and spin angular momentum are independently conserved. Our result demonstrates the controllable OAM transfer between photons and phonons; shows the potential of using OAM multiplexing to extend the capacity of a photon–phonon conversion-based signal-processing scheme; and may trigger the development of an OAM-multiplexed photon–phonon circuit.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (1)

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Orbital angular momentum photonic quantum interface,” Light 5, e16019 (2016).

2015 (7)

H. Shin, J. A. Cox, R. Jarecki, A. Starbuck, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “Control of coherent information via on-chip photonic–phononic emitter–receivers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6427 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. V. Laer, B. Kuyken, D. V. Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Interaction between light and highly confined hypersound in a silicon photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 9, 199–203 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. H. Dong, Z. Shen, C. L. Zou, Y. L. Zhang, W. Fu, and G. C. Guo, “Brillouin-scattering-induced transparency and non-reciprocal light storage,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6193 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Kim, M. C. Kuzyk, K. Han, H. Wang, and G. Bahl, “Non-reciprocal Brillouin scattering induced transparency,” Nat. Phys. 11, 275–280 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Gao, C. Y. Mu, H. W. Li, Y. Q. Yang, and Z. H. Zhu, “Parametric amplification of orbital angular momentum beams based on light–acoustic interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 041119 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, W. Ji, B. Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photon. Res. 3, 133–139 (2015).

2014 (4)

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, Y. K. Jiang, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Generation of light with controllable spatial patterns via the sum frequency in quasi-phase matching crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5650 (2014).

L. X. Chen, J. J. Lei, and R. Jacquiline, “Quantum digital spiral imaging,” Light 3, e153 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8, 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

G. H. Shao, Z. J. Wu, J. H. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Roger, J. J. F. Heitz, E. M. Wright, and D. Faccio, “Non-collinear interaction of photons with orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3491 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

M. J. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yao and M. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7, 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. A. Bovino, M. Braccini, M. Giardina, and C. Sibilia, “Orbital angular momentum in noncollinear second-harmonic generation by off-axis vortex beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2806–2811 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Uchida and A. Tonomura, “Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Nature 464, 737–739 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. D. Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou–Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. T. Mendonça, B. Thidé, and H. Then, “Stimulated Raman and Brillouin backscattering of collimated beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 185005 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Sasaki and I. McNulty, “Proposal for generating brilliant X-ray beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 124801 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Z. M. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, “Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Science 318, 1748–1750 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043604 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Jiang, Q. F. Chen, Y. S. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, “Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. V. Berry, “Optical vortices evolving from helicoidal integer and fractional phase steps,” J. Opt. A 6, 259–268 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, E. Yao, and M. J. Padgett, “Observation of the vortex structure of a non-integer vortex beam,” New J. Phys. 671 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alhassen, F.

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Andersson, E.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7, 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

Arie, A.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arlt, J.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

R. V. Laer, B. Kuyken, D. V. Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Interaction between light and highly confined hypersound in a silicon photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 9, 199–203 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bahl, G.

J. H. Kim, M. C. Kuzyk, K. Han, H. Wang, and G. Bahl, “Non-reciprocal Brillouin scattering induced transparency,” Nat. Phys. 11, 275–280 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barnett, S. M.

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry, “Optical vortices evolving from helicoidal integer and fractional phase steps,” J. Opt. A 6, 259–268 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bloch, N. V.

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bovino, F. A.

Bowman, R.

M. J. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. M. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, “Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Science 318, 1748–1750 (2007).
[Crossref]

Braccini, M.

Buller, G. S.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7, 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. H.

G. H. Shao, Z. J. Wu, J. H. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. X.

L. X. Chen, J. J. Lei, and R. Jacquiline, “Quantum digital spiral imaging,” Light 3, e153 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photon. Res. 3, 133–139 (2015).

P. Chen, W. Ji, B. Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q. F.

W. Jiang, Q. F. Chen, Y. S. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, “Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chigrinov, V.

P. Chen, W. Ji, B. Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photon. Res. 3, 133–139 (2015).

Chin, S.

L. Thévenaz, N. Primerov, S. Chin, and M. Santagiustina, “Dynamic Brillouin gratings: a new tool in fibers for all-optical signal processing,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011).

Cox, J. A.

H. Shin, J. A. Cox, R. Jarecki, A. Starbuck, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “Control of coherent information via on-chip photonic–phononic emitter–receivers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6427 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dada, A. C.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7, 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dashti, P. Z.

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dholakia, K.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ding, D. S.

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Orbital angular momentum photonic quantum interface,” Light 5, e16019 (2016).

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, Y. K. Jiang, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Generation of light with controllable spatial patterns via the sum frequency in quasi-phase matching crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5650 (2014).

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dong, C. H.

C. H. Dong, Z. Shen, C. L. Zou, Y. L. Zhang, W. Fu, and G. C. Guo, “Brillouin-scattering-induced transparency and non-reciprocal light storage,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6193 (2015).
[Crossref]

Faccio, D.

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J. T. Mendonça, B. Thidé, and H. Then, “Stimulated Raman and Brillouin backscattering of collimated beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 185005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thourhout, D. V.

R. V. Laer, B. Kuyken, D. V. Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Interaction between light and highly confined hypersound in a silicon photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 9, 199–203 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tonomura, A.

M. Uchida and A. Tonomura, “Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Nature 464, 737–739 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Uchida, M.

M. Uchida and A. Tonomura, “Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Nature 464, 737–739 (2010).
[Crossref]

Upham, J.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Usami, K.

A. Osada, R. Hisatomi, A. Noguchi, Y. Tabuchi, R. Yamazaki, K. Usami, M. Sadgrove, R. Yalla, M. Nomura, and Y. Nakamura, “Cavity optomagnonics with spin-orbit coupled photons,” arXiv:1510.01837 (2015).

Vaziri, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

Veissier, L.

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8, 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

Volke-Sepulveda, K.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

J. H. Kim, M. C. Kuzyk, K. Han, H. Wang, and G. Bahl, “Non-reciprocal Brillouin scattering induced transparency,” Nat. Phys. 11, 275–280 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

Wang, Z.

H. Shin, J. A. Cox, R. Jarecki, A. Starbuck, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “Control of coherent information via on-chip photonic–phononic emitter–receivers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6427 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

Wei, B. Y.

P. Chen, W. Ji, B. Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photon. Res. 3, 133–139 (2015).

Weihs, G.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wright, E. M.

T. Roger, J. J. F. Heitz, E. M. Wright, and D. Faccio, “Non-collinear interaction of photons with orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3491 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z. J.

G. H. Shao, Z. J. Wu, J. H. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

P. Chen, B. Y. Wei, W. Ji, S. J. Ge, W. Hu, F. Xu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Arbitrary and reconfigurable optical vortex generation: a high-efficiency technique using director-varying liquid crystal fork gratings,” Photon. Res. 3, 133–139 (2015).

G. H. Shao, Z. J. Wu, J. H. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

Yalla, R.

A. Osada, R. Hisatomi, A. Noguchi, Y. Tabuchi, R. Yamazaki, K. Usami, M. Sadgrove, R. Yalla, M. Nomura, and Y. Nakamura, “Cavity optomagnonics with spin-orbit coupled photons,” arXiv:1510.01837 (2015).

Yamazaki, R.

A. Osada, R. Hisatomi, A. Noguchi, Y. Tabuchi, R. Yamazaki, K. Usami, M. Sadgrove, R. Yalla, M. Nomura, and Y. Nakamura, “Cavity optomagnonics with spin-orbit coupled photons,” arXiv:1510.01837 (2015).

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

Yang, J. Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y. Q.

W. Gao, C. Y. Mu, H. W. Li, Y. Q. Yang, and Z. H. Zhu, “Parametric amplification of orbital angular momentum beams based on light–acoustic interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 041119 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, A. M.

A. M. Yao and M. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yao, E.

J. Leach, E. Yao, and M. J. Padgett, “Observation of the vortex structure of a non-integer vortex beam,” New J. Phys. 671 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

Zhang, W.

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Orbital angular momentum photonic quantum interface,” Light 5, e16019 (2016).

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, Y. K. Jiang, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Generation of light with controllable spatial patterns via the sum frequency in quasi-phase matching crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5650 (2014).

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, N. Zhu, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Optomagnonic whispering gallery microresonators,” arXiv:1510.03545 (2015).

Zhang, Y. L.

C. H. Dong, Z. Shen, C. L. Zou, Y. L. Zhang, W. Fu, and G. C. Guo, “Brillouin-scattering-induced transparency and non-reciprocal light storage,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6193 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. S.

W. Jiang, Q. F. Chen, Y. S. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, “Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Orbital angular momentum photonic quantum interface,” Light 5, e16019 (2016).

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, Y. K. Jiang, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Generation of light with controllable spatial patterns via the sum frequency in quasi-phase matching crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5650 (2014).

Zhu, N.

X. Zhang, N. Zhu, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Optomagnonic whispering gallery microresonators,” arXiv:1510.03545 (2015).

Zhu, Z. H.

W. Gao, C. Y. Mu, H. W. Li, Y. Q. Yang, and Z. H. Zhu, “Parametric amplification of orbital angular momentum beams based on light–acoustic interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 041119 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. M.

Z. M. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, “Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Science 318, 1748–1750 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zou, C. L.

C. H. Dong, Z. Shen, C. L. Zou, Y. L. Zhang, W. Fu, and G. C. Guo, “Brillouin-scattering-induced transparency and non-reciprocal light storage,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6193 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zou, C.-L.

X. Zhang, N. Zhu, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Optomagnonic whispering gallery microresonators,” arXiv:1510.03545 (2015).

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Gao, C. Y. Mu, H. W. Li, Y. Q. Yang, and Z. H. Zhu, “Parametric amplification of orbital angular momentum beams based on light–acoustic interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 041119 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, W. Ji, B. Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y. Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A (1)

M. V. Berry, “Optical vortices evolving from helicoidal integer and fractional phase steps,” J. Opt. A 6, 259–268 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, “Advances in optical angular momentum,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 299–313 (2008).
[Crossref]

Light (3)

L. X. Chen, J. J. Lei, and R. Jacquiline, “Quantum digital spiral imaging,” Light 3, e153 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. D. Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light 3, e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Orbital angular momentum photonic quantum interface,” Light 5, e16019 (2016).

Nat. Commun. (2)

H. Shin, J. A. Cox, R. Jarecki, A. Starbuck, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “Control of coherent information via on-chip photonic–phononic emitter–receivers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6427 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. H. Dong, Z. Shen, C. L. Zou, Y. L. Zhang, W. Fu, and G. C. Guo, “Brillouin-scattering-induced transparency and non-reciprocal light storage,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6193 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (5)

R. V. Laer, B. Kuyken, D. V. Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Interaction between light and highly confined hypersound in a silicon photonic nanowire,” Nat. Photonics 9, 199–203 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8, 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. D. Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou–Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3, 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. X. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. J. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

J. H. Kim, M. C. Kuzyk, K. Han, H. Wang, and G. Bahl, “Non-reciprocal Brillouin scattering induced transparency,” Nat. Phys. 11, 275–280 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7, 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412, 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Uchida and A. Tonomura, “Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Nature 464, 737–739 (2010).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. Leach, E. Yao, and M. J. Padgett, “Observation of the vortex structure of a non-integer vortex beam,” New J. Phys. 671 (2004).
[Crossref]

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

W. Jiang, Q. F. Chen, Y. S. Zhang, and G. C. Guo, “Computation of topological charges of optical vortices via nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 043811 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. H. Shao, Z. J. Wu, J. H. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre–Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

N. V. Bloch, K. Shemer, A. Shapira, R. Shiloh, I. Juwiler, and A. Arie, “Twisting light by nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233902 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Sasaki and I. McNulty, “Proposal for generating brilliant X-ray beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 124801 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. T. Mendonça, B. Thidé, and H. Then, “Stimulated Raman and Brillouin backscattering of collimated beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 185005 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Z. Dashti, F. Alhassen, and H. P. Lee, “Observation of orbital angular momentum transfer between acoustic and optical vortices in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043604 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Han, H. Yang, X. Xu, Z. Wang, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Optical orbital angular momentum conservation during the transfer process from plasmonic vortex lens to light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3191 (2013).

T. Roger, J. J. F. Heitz, E. M. Wright, and D. Faccio, “Non-collinear interaction of photons with orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3491 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Li, D. S. Ding, Y. K. Jiang, W. Zhang, S. Shi, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Generation of light with controllable spatial patterns via the sum frequency in quasi-phase matching crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5650 (2014).

Science (3)

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, B. Jack, J. Romero, A. K. Jha, A. M. Yao, S. Franke-Arnold, D. G. Ireland, R. W. Boyd, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Quantum correlations in optical angle–orbital angular momentum variables,” Science 329, 662–665 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. M. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, “Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Science 318, 1748–1750 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

L. Thévenaz, N. Primerov, S. Chin, and M. Santagiustina, “Dynamic Brillouin gratings: a new tool in fibers for all-optical signal processing,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IEEE, 2011).

X. Zhang, N. Zhu, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Optomagnonic whispering gallery microresonators,” arXiv:1510.03545 (2015).

A. Osada, R. Hisatomi, A. Noguchi, Y. Tabuchi, R. Yamazaki, K. Usami, M. Sadgrove, R. Yalla, M. Nomura, and Y. Nakamura, “Cavity optomagnonics with spin-orbit coupled photons,” arXiv:1510.01837 (2015).

Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic presentation of reversible OAM photon–phonon conversion. (a) Experimental setup. A λ/2 plate and a polarized beam splitter (PBS1) are used to vary the S and P contributions, and the P component is injected into the coupling cell as a pump in SBA. The transmitted S component from the BS is directed toward the SBS cell to generate a P-polarized Stokes-frequency-shift seed beam, whereas the reflected S component from the BS is used as a probe in BAPA. The pump and seed interact quasi-collinearly in the coupling cell via SBA to create a coherent phonon field, and then the probe interacts with the phonon via BAPA to create a Stokes beam and reflect from PBS3. The OAM beams are converted by spiral phase plates (SPP) or a q-plate from Gaussian beams. The vector diagrams at the right bottom describe the momentum and energy conservation relations of SBA and BAPA. (b1, b2) Timing of the beams (b1) before and (b2) after interactions in the experiments.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental results of reversible OAM photon–phonon conversion. (a1–a4) Observed intensity profile/interferogram (a1/a1i) of the input OAM beam of =1 from the seed, pump, and probe, and the intensity profiles/interferograms (a2–a4/a2i–a4i) of the corresponding output Stokes beams. (b1–b4) Observed intensity profiles of the input OAM beam of =1.5 (b1) from the seed, pump and probe, respectively, and (b2–b4) corresponding output Stokes beams. (c1–c4) Observed intensity profiles of the input pump (=p=1), seed (=p=0), probe (=1, p=0), and output Stokes (=0, p=1) beams, respectively. (d1–d4): (d1, d2) Observed intensity profiles of the input seed beams of =±2/±3 and (d3, d4) the corresponding output Stokes beams.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental results of the OAM phonon signal’s time stability. (a) Timing of the delay experiment. The delay time between the pump and probe is from 1 to 26 ns; the position of the dotted line represents the case of 1 ns delay. (b) Time-domain waveform of the output Stokes beam versus delay time. (c1) Reconversion efficiency (output Stokes energy/input probe energy) and retrieved Stokes pulse energy versus delay time; the solid line is the exponential-decay fit. (c2–c5) Observed intensity profiles of output Stokes beams (the phonon state is prepared in =1) with different delays.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H=κ(apasρ+apasρ)
Lx|p=Lx(|s+|ρ),
|ρ=|p+s,
H=κ(abakρ+abakρ)
Lx|b=Lx(|k+|ρ),
Lx|k=Lx(|b|p+|s).
|k=|p+sb.

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