Abstract

Precision time references in space are of major importance to satellite-based fundamental science, global satellite navigation, earth observation, and satellite formation flying. Here we report on the operation of a compact, rugged, and automated optical frequency comb setup on a sounding rocket in space under microgravity. The experiment compared two clocks, one based on the optical D2 transition in Rb, and another on hyperfine splitting in Cs. This represents the first frequency comb based optical clock operation in space, which is an important milestone for future satellite-based precision metrology. Based on the approach demonstrated here, future space-based precision metrology can be improved by orders of magnitude when referencing to state-of-the-art optical clock transitions.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Autonomous frequency stabilization of two extended-cavity diode lasers at the potassium wavelength on a sounding rocket

Aline N. Dinkelaker, Max Schiemangk, Vladimir Schkolnik, Andrew Kenyon, Kai Lampmann, André Wenzlawski, Patrick Windpassinger, Ortwin Hellmig, Thijs Wendrich, Ernst M. Rasel, Michele Giunta, Christian Deutsch, Christian Kürbis, Robert Smol, Andreas Wicht, Markus Krutzik, and Achim Peters
Appl. Opt. 56(5) 1388-1396 (2017)

Microresonator frequency comb optical clock

Scott B. Papp, Katja Beha, Pascal Del’Haye, Franklyn Quinlan, Hansuek Lee, Kerry J. Vahala, and Scott A. Diddams
Optica 1(1) 10-14 (2014)

Frequency comb metrology with an optical parametric oscillator

K. Balskus, S. Schilt, V. J. Wittwer, P. Brochard, T. Ploetzing, N. Jornod, R. A. McCracken, Z. Zhang, A. Bartels, D.T. Reid, and T. Südmeyer
Opt. Express 24(8) 8370-8381 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. Abbot, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration, “Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 061102 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. V. Martynov, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy,” Phys. Rev. D 93, 112004 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  5. K. Danzmann, “LISA—an ESA cornerstone mission for a gravitational wave observatory,” Classical Quantum Gravity 14, 1399–1404 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).
  7. R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  11. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3, 351–356 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. N. Lea, “Limits to time variation of fundamental constants from comparisons of atomic frequency standards,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1473–1523 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Chu, “Cold atoms and quantum control,” Nature 416, 206–210 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  18. L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. P. Gill, “Optical frequency standards,” Metrologia 42, S125–S137 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  22. E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, “Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200–208 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  24. W. Hänsel, R. Holzwarth, R. Doubek, and M. Mei, “Laser with non-linear optical loop mirror,” U.S. patent8873601B2 (28Oct.2014).
  25. N. Kuse, C.-C. Lee, T. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 250903 (2016).
  26. O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. Duncker, O. Hellmig, A. Wenzlawski, A. Grote, A. J. Rafipoor, M. Rafipoor, K. Sengstock, and P. Windpassinger, “Ultrastable, Zerodur-based optical benches for quantum gas experiments,” Appl. Opt. 53, 4468–4474 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. R. L. Barger and J. L. Hall, “Pressure shift and broadening of methane line at 3.39  μm studied by laser-saturated molecular absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4–7 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  30. T. W. Hänsch, M. D. Levenson, and A. L. Schawlow, “Complete hyperfine structure of a molecular iodine line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 946–948 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  31. G. C. Bjorklund, “Frequency-modulation spectroscopy—new method for measuring weak absorptions and dispersions,” Opt. Lett. 5, 15–17 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. M. Supplee, E. A. Whittaker, and W. Lenth, “Theoretical description of frequency-modulation and wavelength modulation spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6294–6302 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  33. G. Kramer and W. Klische, “Multi-channel synchronous digital phase recorder,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and PDA Exhibition (2001), pp. 144–151.
  34. M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).
  36. T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  37. T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  38. B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  39. K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  40. T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).
  41. W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Simultaneous direct spectral purity transfer at three optical clock transitions using an all-pm Er-doped fiber frequency comb,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP), Seoul, Korea, 24–29 July2016, p. 97.

2016 (5)

B. Abbot, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration, “Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 061102 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. V. Martynov, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy,” Phys. Rev. D 93, 112004 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Kuse, C.-C. Lee, T. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 250903 (2016).

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

2015 (5)

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

H. Duncker, O. Hellmig, A. Wenzlawski, A. Grote, A. J. Rafipoor, M. Rafipoor, K. Sengstock, and P. Windpassinger, “Ultrastable, Zerodur-based optical benches for quantum gas experiments,” Appl. Opt. 53, 4468–4474 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3, 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

S. N. Lea, “Limits to time variation of fundamental constants from comparisons of atomic frequency standards,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1473–1523 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

P. Gill, “Optical frequency standards,” Metrologia 42, S125–S137 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Chu, “Cold atoms and quantum control,” Nature 416, 206–210 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

K. Danzmann, “LISA—an ESA cornerstone mission for a gravitational wave observatory,” Classical Quantum Gravity 14, 1399–1404 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

J. M. Supplee, E. A. Whittaker, and W. Lenth, “Theoretical description of frequency-modulation and wavelength modulation spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6294–6302 (1994).
[Crossref]

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, “Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200–208 (1994).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

1971 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, M. D. Levenson, and A. L. Schawlow, “Complete hyperfine structure of a molecular iodine line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 946–948 (1971).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

R. L. Barger and J. L. Hall, “Pressure shift and broadening of methane line at 3.39  μm studied by laser-saturated molecular absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4–7 (1969).
[Crossref]

Abbot, B.

B. Abbot, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration, “Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 061102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Abgrall, M.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alighanbari, S.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Altschul, B.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Amaro, F. D.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Amaro-Seoane, P.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Amediek, A.

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

Antognini, A.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Aoudia, S.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ashby, N.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Assmann, W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Babak, S.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Bailey, Q. G.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baillard, X.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barger, R. L.

R. L. Barger and J. L. Hall, “Pressure shift and broadening of methane line at 3.39  μm studied by laser-saturated molecular absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4–7 (1969).
[Crossref]

Barrett, M.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barwood, G. P.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baumann, E.

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beraud, P.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Berti, E.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Binétruy, P.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Biraben, F.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bize, S.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bjorklund, G. C.

Blanchet, L.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Blatt, S.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bloom, B.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bohé, A.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Bomer, T.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bongs, K.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bouyer, P.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boyd, M. M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Braxmaier, C.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Brox, O.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brusch, A.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Buffe, F.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bugge, F.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cacciapuoti, L.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Campbell, G. K.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Campbell, S.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capozziello, S.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Caprini, C.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Cardoso, J. M. R.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chu, S.

S. Chu, “Cold atoms and quantum control,” Nature 416, 206–210 (2002).
[Crossref]

Clairon, A.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Coddington, I.

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3, 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref]

Colpi, M.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Cornish, N. J.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Covita, D. S.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Danzmann, K.

K. Danzmann, “LISA—an ESA cornerstone mission for a gravitational wave observatory,” Classical Quantum Gravity 14, 1399–1404 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Das, M.

I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dax, A.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Delaney, M. J.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Delaroche, C.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dhawan, S.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

DiMauro, L. F.

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dittus, H.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Döringshoff, K.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

dos Santos, J. M. F.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Doubek, R.

W. Hänsel, R. Holzwarth, R. Doubek, and M. Mei, “Laser with non-linear optical loop mirror,” U.S. patent8873601B2 (28Oct.2014).

Dufaux, J.-F.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Duncker, H.

Ehret, G.

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ekström, C.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Erbert, G.

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ertmer, W.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Esnault, F. X.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Faure, B.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M.

N. Kuse, C.-C. Lee, T. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 250903 (2016).

Fernandes, L. M. P.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, G.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fischer, M.

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Simultaneous direct spectral purity transfer at three optical clock transitions using an all-pm Er-doped fiber frequency comb,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP), Seoul, Korea, 24–29 July2016, p. 97.

Fix, A.

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

Flambaum, V.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Flambaum, V. V.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Flechner, F.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fouche, M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gaaloul, N.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gair, J.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Gao, K.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Giesen, A.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gill, E.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gill, P.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Gill, “Optical frequency standards,” Metrologia 42, S125–S137 (2005).
[Crossref]

Giorgetta, F. R.

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref]

Giulini, D.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Giunta, M.

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Simultaneous direct spectral purity transfer at three optical clock transitions using an all-pm Er-doped fiber frequency comb,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP), Seoul, Korea, 24–29 July2016, p. 97.

Goerlitz, A.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gohlke, M.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Graf, T.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Greiter, M.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grosjean, O.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Grote, A.

Guena, J.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gürlebeck, N.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Habs, D.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

R. L. Barger and J. L. Hall, “Pressure shift and broadening of methane line at 3.39  μm studied by laser-saturated molecular absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4–7 (1969).
[Crossref]

Han, S.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. W. Hänsch, M. D. Levenson, and A. L. Schawlow, “Complete hyperfine structure of a molecular iodine line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 946–948 (1971).
[Crossref]

Hänsel, W.

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Simultaneous direct spectral purity transfer at three optical clock transitions using an all-pm Er-doped fiber frequency comb,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP), Seoul, Korea, 24–29 July2016, p. 97.

W. Hänsel, R. Holzwarth, R. Doubek, and M. Mei, “Laser with non-linear optical loop mirror,” U.S. patent8873601B2 (28Oct.2014).

Hartwig, J.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hati, A.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, “Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200–208 (1994).
[Crossref]

He, W.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heavner, T. P.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hellmig, O.

Hess, M. P.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hill, I. R.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hoeschen, C.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Holleville, D.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Simultaneous direct spectral purity transfer at three optical clock transitions using an all-pm Er-doped fiber frequency comb,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP), Seoul, Korea, 24–29 July2016, p. 97.

W. Hänsel, R. Holzwarth, R. Doubek, and M. Mei, “Laser with non-linear optical loop mirror,” U.S. patent8873601B2 (28Oct.2014).

Hong, F. L.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hughes, J.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hutson, R.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Iess, L.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Indelicato, P.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Iorio, L.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, “Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200–208 (1994).
[Crossref]

Itano, W. M.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Iwakuni, K.

Jang, H.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Jang, Y.-S.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Jefferts, S. R.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jennrich, O.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Jetzer, P.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Julien, L.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kaenders, W.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kang, K.-I.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Kao, C.-Y.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Katori, H.

I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kiemle, C.

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.-W.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Kim, Y.-J.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Klein, A.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Klein, H.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Klische, W.

G. Kramer and W. Klische, “Multi-channel synchronous digital phase recorder,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and PDA Exhibition (2001), pp. 144–151.

Knight, J. C.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

Knowles, P.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kock, O.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kohfeldt, A.

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

Kottmann, F.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kovalchuk, E.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer and W. Klische, “Multi-channel synchronous digital phase recorder,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and PDA Exhibition (2001), pp. 144–151.

Kürbis, C.

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

Kuse, N.

N. Kuse, C.-C. Lee, T. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 250903 (2016).

Laemmerzahl, C.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Landragin, A.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lang, R. N.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Laurent, P.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Le Bigot, E.-O.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Le Targat, R.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lea, S. N.

S. N. Lea, “Limits to time variation of fundamental constants from comparisons of atomic frequency standards,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1473–1523 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.-C.

N. Kuse, C.-C. Lee, T. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 250903 (2016).

Lee, J.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Lee, K.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Lee, S.-H.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Lelay, J. P.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lemonde, P.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lenth, W.

Levenson, M. D.

T. W. Hänsch, M. D. Levenson, and A. L. Schawlow, “Complete hyperfine structure of a molecular iodine line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 946–948 (1971).
[Crossref]

Leveque, T.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Levi, F.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lezius, M.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lim, C.-W.

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Lisdat, Ch.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Littenberg, T.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Liu, L.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.-W.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lobo, A.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Lodewyck, J.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lopes, J. A. M.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lorini, L.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ludhova, L.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ludlow, A. D.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lusanna, L.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luvsandamdin, E.

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manescau, A.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Margolis, H.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marti, G.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Martynov, D. V.

D. V. Martynov, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy,” Phys. Rev. D 93, 112004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Massonnet, D.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

McFerran, J. J.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

McNally, R.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

McWilliams, S. T.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Mei, M.

W. Hänsel, R. Holzwarth, R. Doubek, and M. Mei, “Laser with non-linear optical loop mirror,” U.S. patent8873601B2 (28Oct.2014).

Milke, A.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Mogilatenko, A.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Monteiro, C. M. B.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mueller, J.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mulhauser, F.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nebel, T.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nelemans, G.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Nenadovic, L.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3, 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nevsky, A.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N. R.

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3, 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nez, F.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ni, W.-T.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nicholson, T.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ohkubo, T.

I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Origlia, S.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Oskay, W. H.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ovchinnikov, Y. B.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Parker, T. E.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pasquini, L.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peik, E.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peters, A.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

Petiteau, A.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Pichon, A.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pohl, R.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Poli, N.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Porter, E. K.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Predehl, K.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Prokofiev, A.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quatrevalet, M.

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rabinowitz, P.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rafipoor, A. J.

Rafipoor, M.

Rasel, E.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reynaud, S.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rieker, G. B.

Rosenbusch, P.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rothacher, M.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rovera, D.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Safronova, M.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Salomon, C.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sanjuan, J.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Santarelli, G.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schaefer, W.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schaller, L. A.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schawlow, A. L.

T. W. Hänsch, M. D. Levenson, and A. L. Schawlow, “Complete hyperfine structure of a molecular iodine line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 946–948 (1971).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T.

N. Kuse, C.-C. Lee, T. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 250903 (2016).

Schiemangk, M.

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

Schiller, S.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, U.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schubert, C.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schuhmann, K.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schuldt, T.

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Schutz, B. F.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Schwob, C.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sengstock, K.

Sesana, A.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Sinclair, L. C.

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Singh, Y.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Smith, L.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sorrentino, F.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

St.J. Russell, P.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stalnaker, J. E.

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stanwix, P. L.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stebbins, R.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Steinmetz, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sterr, U.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stöwer, W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Strouse, G.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Stuhler, J.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sumner, T.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Supplee, J. M.

Svehla, D.

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Swann, W. C.

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3, 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34, 638–640 (2009).
[Crossref]

Swierad, D.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Takamoto, M.

I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, “Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200–208 (1994).
[Crossref]

Taqqu, D.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tasson, J. D.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tew, W.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thirolf, P.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thomin, S.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thomsen, J. W.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tino, G. M.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tobar, M. E.

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Torresi, P.

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tränkle, G.

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

Tuckey, P.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Türler, A.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Udem, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ushijima, I.

I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vallisneri, M.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Veloso, J. F. C. A.

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Venon, B.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vitale, S.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Vogt, S.

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Volonteri, M.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ward, H.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

Wenzel, H.

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wenzlawski, A.

Whittaker, E. A.

Wicht, A.

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wilken, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Windpassinger, P.

Wirth, M.

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wolf, P.

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zelevinsky, T.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Space Res. (1)

B. Altschul, Q. G. Bailey, L. Blanchet, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, S. Capozziello, N. Gaaloul, D. Giulini, J. Hartwig, L. Iess, P. Jetzer, A. Landragin, E. Rasel, S. Reynaud, S. Schiller, C. Schubert, F. Sorrentino, U. Sterr, J. D. Tasson, G. M. Tino, P. Tuckey, and P. Wolf, “Quantum tests of the Einstein equivalence principle with the STE-QUEST space mission,” Adv. Space Res. 55, 501–524 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Atmos. Meas. Technol. (1)

C. Kiemle, M. Quatrevalet, G. Ehret, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and M. Wirth, “Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission,” Atmos. Meas. Technol. 4, 2195–2211 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. R. Physique (1)

K. Bongs, Y. Singh, L. Smith, W. He, O. Kock, D. Swierad, J. Hughes, S. Schiller, S. Alighanbari, S. Origlia, S. Vogt, U. Sterr, Ch. Lisdat, R. Le Targat, J. Lodewyck, D. Holleville, B. Venon, S. Bize, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, I. R. Hill, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, N. Poli, G. M. Tino, J. Stuhler, and W. Kaenders, SOC2 Team, “Development of a strontium optical lattice clock for the SOC mission on the ISS,” C. R. Physique 16, 553–564 (2015).
[Crossref]

Classical Quantum Gravity (1)

K. Danzmann, “LISA—an ESA cornerstone mission for a gravitational wave observatory,” Classical Quantum Gravity 14, 1399–1404 (1997).
[Crossref]

Exp. Astron. (1)

S. Schiller, G. M. Tino, P. Gill, C. Salomon, U. Sterr, E. Peik, A. Nevsky, A. Goerlitz, D. Svehla, G. Ferrari, N. Poli, L. Lusanna, H. Klein, H. Margolis, P. Lemonde, P. Laurent, G. Santarelli, A. Clairon, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, J. Mueller, L. Iorio, C. Laemmerzahl, H. Dittus, E. Gill, M. Rothacher, F. Flechner, U. Schreiber, V. Flambaum, W.-T. Ni, L. Liu, X. Chen, J. Chen, K. Gao, L. Cacciapuoti, R. Holzwarth, M. P. Hess, and W. Schaefer, “Einstein gravity explorer—a medium-class fundamental physics mission,” Exp. Astron. 23, 573–610 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, “Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200–208 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stöwer, A. Türler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekström, T. W. Hänsch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59, 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. (1)

T. Schuldt, K. Döringshoff, A. Milke, J. Sanjuan, M. Gohlke, E. Kovalchuk, N. Gürlebeck, A. Peters, and C. Braxmaier, “High-performance optical frequency references for space,” J. Phys. 723, 012047 (2016).

Metrologia (1)

P. Gill, “Optical frequency standards,” Metrologia 42, S125–S137 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

T. Nicholson, S. Campbell, R. Hutson, G. Marti, B. Bloom, R. McNally, W. Zhang, M. Barrett, M. Safronova, G. Strouse, W. Tew, and J. Ye, “Systematic evaluation of an atomic clock at total uncertainty,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6896 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

I. Ushijima, M. Takamoto, M. Das, T. Ohkubo, and H. Katori, “Cryogenic optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 9, 185–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. R. Giorgetta, W. C. Swann, L. C. Sinclair, E. Baumann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “Optical two-way time and frequency transfer over free space,” Nat. Photonics 7, 435–439 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. R. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3, 351–356 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

S. Chu, “Cold atoms and quantum control,” Nature 416, 206–210 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Pohl, A. Antognini, F. Nez, F. D. Amaro, F. Biraben, J. M. R. Cardoso, D. S. Covita, A. Dax, S. Dhawan, L. M. P. Fernandes, A. Giesen, T. Graf, T. W. Hänsch, P. Indelicato, L. Julien, C.-Y. Kao, P. Knowles, E.-O. Le Bigot, Y.-W. Liu, J. A. M. Lopes, L. Ludhova, C. M. B. Monteiro, F. Mulhauser, T. Nebel, P. Rabinowitz, J. M. F. dos Santos, L. A. Schaller, K. Schuhmann, C. Schwob, D. Taqqu, J. F. C. A. Veloso, and F. Kottmann, “The size of the proton,” Nature 466, 213–216 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

N. Kuse, C.-C. Lee, T. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 250903 (2016).

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. D (2)

M. E. Tobar, P. L. Stanwix, J. J. McFerran, J. Guena, M. Abgrall, S. Bize, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Rosenbusch, D. Rovera, and G. Santarelli, “Testing local position and fundamental constant invariance due to periodic gravitational and boost using long-term comparison of the SYRTE atomic fountains and H-masers,” Phys. Rev. D 87, 122004 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. V. Martynov, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “Sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors at the beginning of gravitational wave astronomy,” Phys. Rev. D 93, 112004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

B. Abbot, LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration, “Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 061102 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouche, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 140801 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. L. Barger and J. L. Hall, “Pressure shift and broadening of methane line at 3.39  μm studied by laser-saturated molecular absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 4–7 (1969).
[Crossref]

T. W. Hänsch, M. D. Levenson, and A. L. Schawlow, “Complete hyperfine structure of a molecular iodine line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 946–948 (1971).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, N. Ashby, J. C. Bergquist, M. J. Delaney, S. A. Diddams, T. P. Heavner, L. Hollberg, W. M. Itano, S. R. Jefferts, K. Kim, F. Levi, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, T. E. Parker, and J. E. Stalnaker, “Precision atomic spectroscopy for improved limits on variation of the fine structure constant and local position invariance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 070801 (2007).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Kohfeldt, C. Kürbis, E. Luvsandamdin, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Compact narrow linewidth diode laser modules for precision quantum optics experiments on board of sounding rockets,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 99001G (2016).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (2)

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. N. Lea, “Limits to time variation of fundamental constants from comparisons of atomic frequency standards,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1473–1523 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

T. Leveque, B. Faure, F. X. Esnault, C. Delaroche, D. Massonnet, O. Grosjean, F. Buffe, P. Torresi, T. Bomer, A. Pichon, P. Beraud, J. P. Lelay, S. Thomin, and P. Laurent, “PHARAO laser source flight model: design and performances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 033104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-S. Jang, H. Jang, S. Han, S.-H. Lee, K.-I. Kang, C.-W. Lim, Y.-J. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Testing of a femtosecond pulse laser in outer space,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5134 (2014).

Science (1)

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

O. Brox, F. Bugge, A. Mogilatenko, E. Luvsandamdin, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, and G. Erbert, “Distributed feedback lasers in the 760 to 810  nm range and epitaxial grating design,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 29, 095018 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

W. Hänsel, R. Holzwarth, R. Doubek, and M. Mei, “Laser with non-linear optical loop mirror,” U.S. patent8873601B2 (28Oct.2014).

G. Kramer and W. Klische, “Multi-channel synchronous digital phase recorder,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium and PDA Exhibition (2001), pp. 144–151.

P. Amaro-Seoane, S. Aoudia, S. Babak, P. Binétruy, E. Berti, A. Bohé, C. Caprini, M. Colpi, N. J. Cornish, K. Danzmann, J.-F. Dufaux, J. Gair, O. Jennrich, P. Jetzer, A. Klein, R. N. Lang, A. Lobo, T. Littenberg, S. T. McWilliams, G. Nelemans, A. Petiteau, E. K. Porter, B. F. Schutz, A. Sesana, R. Stebbins, T. Sumner, M. Vallisneri, S. Vitale, M. Volonteri, and H. Ward, “Doing science with eLISA: astrophysics and cosmology in the millihertz regime,” arXiv: 1201.3621v1 (2012).

W. Hänsel, M. Giunta, M. Fischer, and R. Holzwarth, “Simultaneous direct spectral purity transfer at three optical clock transitions using an all-pm Er-doped fiber frequency comb,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP), Seoul, Korea, 24–29 July2016, p. 97.

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1: PDF (1016 KB)      supplemental document

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(A) Schematic illustration of the clock comparison experiment performed for 360 s of microgravity during a sounding rocket flight. The frequency comb is phase stabilized to a Cs133-based atomic chip-scale clock providing 10 MHz radio frequency. A laser frequency is stabilized to an optical transition in Rb87 and compared to one comb line. (B) Picture of the experimental module including the frequency comb, the Rb spectroscopy, electronics, and a control computer, (C) picture of the launch of TEXUS 51 exiting the launch tower at ESRANGE, Sweden (23 April 2015, picture provided by Airbus D&S).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(A) Unchanged. (B) Schematics of the frequency comb module shown in (A) with the subunit (Fig. 9) oscillator, amplifier (EDFA), f2f generation unit, and second harmonic generation (SHG) in the beat detection unit (BDU). WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; BS, beam splitter; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; PZT, piezo translator; HNLF, highly nonlinear fiber; FBG, fiber Bragg grating.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(A) Miniature space-qualified 780 nm DFB laser module mounted on an aluminum nitride platform, (B) miniature space-qualified Doppler-free Rb spectroscopy unit, (C) schematics of the comb-based precision spectroscopy generating a countable heterodyne between the Rb-stabilized DFB laser and the nearest comb line.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(A) Plot of the spectroscopy signals obtained with the Rb module. The Rb87 F=2F transition manifold is shown. Blue, DC photodiode signal; red, demodulated signal. The plot shows data obtained on the ground, where the dot marks the locking point of the clock at 384.2279817(4) THz. (B) Comparable dataset from a current scan collected during the microgravity flight.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(A) Time variation of the counted signal of the Rb spectroscopy over a period of 40,000 s on the ground, recorded at a gate time of 1 s. The resulting Allan deviation is plotted in the lower part of the figure. (B) Comparison of the frequency variation during the microgravity flight with respect to changes in the gravitational potential. The measurement sequence is indicated as follows: I, prelaunch data; II, launch; III, in microgravity locked to Rb D2; IV, spectroscopy scan; V, in microgravity locked to Rb D2; VI, re-entry.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Sounding Rocket Flight Parameters

Metrics