Abstract

Ultrafast fiber lasers operating in the near-infrared have revolutionized laser science by enabling numerous breakthroughs in both fundamental science and industrial applications. In this Letter, we extend the spectral coverage of these laser sources to the mid-infrared by reporting the first femtosecond fiber laser operating near 3 μm. This passively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization evolution in an Er3+-doped fluoride glass fiber generates 207 fs pulses at 2.8 μm with an estimated peak power of 3.5 kW. This demonstration paves the way for further developments of promising applications in the molecular fingerprint region such as frequency comb spectroscopy.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-power mid-infrared femtosecond fiber laser in the water vapor transmission window

Sergei Antipov, Darren D. Hudson, Alexander Fuerbach, and Stuart D. Jackson
Optica 3(12) 1373-1376 (2016)

Ultrafast pulses from a mid-infrared fiber laser

Tomonori Hu, Stuart. D. Jackson, and Darren. D. Hudson
Opt. Lett. 40(18) 4226-4228 (2015)

Watt-level fiber-based femtosecond laser source tunable from 2.8 to 3.6  μm

Simon Duval, Jean-Christophe Gauthier, Louis-Rafaël Robichaud, Pascal Paradis, Michel Olivier, Vincent Fortin, Martin Bernier, Michel Piché, and Réal Vallée
Opt. Lett. 41(22) 5294-5297 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. Sorokina and K. Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.
  5. C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. Wang and P. Sahay, Sensors 9, 8230 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. E. Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 37, 2145 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Tokita, M. Murakami, S. Shimizu, M. Hashida, and S. Sakabe, Opt. Lett. 36, 2812 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, Opt. Lett. 37, 3849 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Li, D. D. Hudson, Y. Liu, and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 37, 3747 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Haboucha, V. Fortin, M. Bernier, J. Genest, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 39, 3294 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 39, 2133 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Zhang, F. Gan, and P. Wang, Appl. Opt. 33, 50 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  16. N. Caron, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 20, 22188 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Hofer, M. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Ober, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. Tamura, E. Ippen, and H. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).
  21. I. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 273 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Marandi, C. W. Rudy, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Express 20, 24218 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Bernier, V. Michaud-Belleau, S. Levasseur, V. Fortin, J. Genest, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 40, 81 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (3)

A. Haboucha, V. Fortin, M. Bernier, J. Genest, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 39, 3294 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Hu, D. D. Hudson, and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 39, 2133 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. E. Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

C. Wang and P. Sahay, Sensors 9, 8230 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

K. Tamura, E. Ippen, and H. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, F. Gan, and P. Wang, Appl. Opt. 33, 50 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

Abdel-Moneim, N.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Alman, B. A.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Amini-Nik, S.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Amraoui, M. E.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. E. Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bang, O.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Benson, T.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bernier, M.

Byer, R. L.

Caron, N.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. E. Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Caron, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 20, 22188 (2012).
[Crossref]

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cowan, M. L.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

Dupont, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Faucher, D.

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. E. Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Caron, M. Bernier, D. Faucher, and R. Vallée, Opt. Express 20, 22188 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fortin, V.

Fried, A.

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. Sorokina and K. Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

Furniss, D.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gan, F.

Genest, J.

Gunaratne, K.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haberl, F.

Haboucha, A.

Hansch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hashida, M.

Haus, H.

K. Tamura, E. Ippen, and H. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hofer, M.

Hu, T.

Hudson, D. D.

Ippen, E.

K. Tamura, E. Ippen, and H. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

Kelly, S.

S. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kraemer, D.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kubat, I.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Levasseur, S.

Li, J.

Liu, Y.

Marandi, A.

Messaddeq, Y.

A. Haboucha, V. Fortin, M. Bernier, J. Genest, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Lett. 39, 3294 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. E. Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[Crossref]

Michaud-Belleau, V.

Miller, R. J. D.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Møller, U.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Murakami, M.

Nadesan, P.

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

Norwood, R. A.

Ober, M.

Petersen, C. R.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

Picque, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Ramsay, J.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Richter, D.

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. Sorokina and K. Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

Rudy, C. W.

Sahay, P.

C. Wang and P. Sahay, Sensors 9, 8230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sakabe, S.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, A. J.

Seddon, A.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, S.

Sorokin, E.

I. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 273 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sorokina, I.

I. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 273 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sujecki, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, E. Ippen, and H. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tang, Z.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tittel, F.

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. Sorokina and K. Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

Tokita, S.

Vallée, R.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wang, C.

C. Wang and P. Sahay, Sensors 9, 8230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Wei, C.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, B.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Sorokina and E. Sorokin, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 273 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, E. Ippen, and H. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1433 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, Nat. Photonics 8, 830 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, Nat. Photonics 6, 423 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hansch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

V. Fortin, M. Bernier, N. Caron, D. Faucher, M. E. Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq, and R. Vallée, Opt. Eng. 52, 054202 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

PLoS One (1)

S. Amini-Nik, D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, K. Gunaratne, P. Nadesan, B. A. Alman, and R. J. D. Miller, PLoS One 5, e13053 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sensors (1)

C. Wang and P. Sahay, Sensors 9, 8230 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

F. Tittel, D. Richter, and A. Fried, in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. Sorokina and K. Vodopyanov, eds., Vol. 89 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2003), pp. 458–529.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the laser cavity. DM, dichroic mirror; M, gold-coated mirrors; ISO/POL, optical isolator also used as a polarizer; λ/4, quarter waveplate; λ/2, half-waveplate; CMS, cladding mode stripper.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured output pulse train with a 2 ns rise time detector. The corresponding repetition rate is 55.2 MHz. (b) Zoom on one pulse of the 2.8 μm output (black) and the second harmonic (red) signal measured with a 100 ps rise time detector.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured AC trace of the output beam (red) and the corresponding AC trace of a theoretical pulse with a sech2(t) shape and FWHM of 207 fs (dashed gray).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured output spectrum (blue), natural logarithm of the atmospheric transmission for a 1 m propagation inside the OSA (black), reconstructed spectrum before the OSA (red), and theoretical spectrum of a sech2(t) shape with FWHM of 230 fs (dashed gray).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured output spectrum of the SH signal (red) and the calculated SH signal of a theoretical pulse with a sech2(t) shape and FWHM of 207 fs (dashed gray).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

(fmfc)2=mπ|B2|14π2τ2,
Es=2Psτ=2|β2|γτ,

Metrics