Abstract

Leveraging the spatial modes of multimode waveguides using mode-division multiplexing on an integrated photonic chip allows unprecedented scaling of bandwidth density for on-chip communication. Switching channels between waveguides is critical for future scalable optical networks, but its implementation in multimode waveguides must address how to simultaneously control modes with vastly different optical properties. Here we present a platform for switching signals between multimode waveguides based on individually processing the spatial mode channels using single-mode elements. Using this wavelength-division multiplexing-compatible platform, we demonstrate a 1×2 multimode switch for a silicon chip that routes four data channels with low (<16.8dB) crosstalk. We show bit-error rates below 109 and power penalties below 1.4 dB on all channels while routing 10 Gb/s data when each channel is input and routed separately. The switch exhibits an additional power penalty of less than 2.4 dB when all four channels are simultaneously routed. These results enable individual processing of multimode signals and high-bandwidth, flexible optical networks.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-speed two-mode switch for mode-division multiplexing optical networks

Yule Xiong, Rubana B. Priti, and Odile Liboiron-Ladouceur
Optica 4(9) 1098-1102 (2017)

Optical switch compatible with wavelength division multiplexing and mode division multiplexing for photonic networks-on-chip

Hao Jia, Ting Zhou, Lei Zhang, Jianfeng Ding, Xin Fu, and Lin Yang
Opt. Express 25(17) 20698-20707 (2017)

General architectures for on-chip optical space and mode switching

Lin Yang, Ting Zhou, Hao Jia, Shanglin Yang, Jianfeng Ding, Xin Fu, and Lei Zhang
Optica 5(2) 180-187 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B.-T. Lee, S.-Y. Shin, “Mode-order converter in a multimode waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1660–1662 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Greenberg, M. Orenstein, “Multimode add-drop multiplexing by adiabatic linearly tapered coupling,” Opt. Express 13, 9381–9387 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Bagheri, W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-on-insulator mode-selective add-drop unit for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” in 6th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics, 2009 (GFP ‘09), San Francisco, California, September9–11, 2009, pp. 166–168.
  4. A. C. Ruege, R. M. Reano, “Multimode waveguides coupled to single mode ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2035–2043 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. H. Frandsen, Y. Elesin, L. F. Frellsen, M. Mitrovic, Y. Ding, O. Sigmund, K. Yvind, “Topology optimized mode conversion in a photonic crystal waveguide fabricated in silicon-on-insulator material,” Opt. Express 22, 8525–8532 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 29321–29330 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. Chen, P. Wang, J. Yang, “Mode multi/demultiplexer based on cascaded asymmetric Y-junctions,” Opt. Express 21, 25113–25119 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.
  10. J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, M. Lu, R. M. Osgood, “Asymmetric Y junctions in silicon waveguides for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1854–1856 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, “A 60  Gb/s MDM–WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7  dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22, 18543–18555 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. Uematsu, Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Design of a compact two-mode multi/demultiplexer consisting of multimode interference waveguides and a wavelength-insensitive phase shifter for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2421–2426 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Wang, S. Chen, P. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “64-channel hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling wavelength- and mode-division multiplexing for on-chip optical interconnects,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper ATh1A.7.
  15. M. Yin, Q. Deng, Y. Li, X. Wang, H. Li, “Compact and broadband mode multiplexer and demultiplexer based on asymmetric plasmonic–dielectric coupling,” Appl. Opt. 53, 6175–6180 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21, 10376–10382 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y.-D. Yang, Y. Li, Y.-Z. Huang, A. W. Poon, “Silicon nitride three-mode division multiplexing and wavelength-division multiplexing using asymmetrical directional couplers and microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22, 22172–22183 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
  19. T. Mulugeta, M. Rasras, “Silicon hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling simultaneous mode and wavelength-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 23, 943–949 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. B. A. Dorin, W. N. Ye, “Two-mode division multiplexing in a silicon-on-insulator ring resonator,” Opt. Express 22, 4547–4558 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 31582–31594 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  23. P. Dong, S. F. Preble, M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15, 9600–9605 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  24. M. Yang, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, J. Van Campenhout, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, J. A. Kash, Y. A. Vlasov, “Non-blocking 4 × 4 electro-optic silicon switch for on-chip photonic networks,” Opt. Express 19, 47–54 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  25. R. Ji, L. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Tian, J. Ding, H. Chen, Y. Lu, P. Zhou, W. Zhu, “Five-port optical router for photonic networks-on-chip,” Opt. Express 19, 20258–20268 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  27. B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, CMOS logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  29. P. J. Winzer, “Making spatial multiplexing a reality,” Nat. Photonics 8, 345–348 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  30. K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, M. Suzuki, “Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber with capacity-distance product of 1.03  Exabit/s·km,” Opt. Express 22, 1220–1228 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305  Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 554–562 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  32. R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  33. N. Amaya, M. Irfan, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, B. J. Puttnam, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, I. Henning, “Fully-elastic multi-granular network with space/frequency/time switching using multi-core fibres and programmable optical nodes,” Opt. Express 21, 8865–8872 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  34. H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.
  35. N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.
  36. S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “6 × 56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6 × 6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express 19, 16697–16707 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  37. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96  km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  38. R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  39. K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, J. P. Wilde, “Wavelength-selective switches for mode-division multiplexing: scaling and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3724–3735 (2014).
  40. R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.
  41. X. Chen, A. Li, J. Ye, A. Al Amin, W. Shieh, “Demonstration of few-mode compatible optical add/drop multiplexer for mode-division multiplexed superchannel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 641–647 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  42. R. Y. Gu, E. Ip, M.-J. Li, Y.-K. Huang, J. M. Kahn, “Experimental demonstration of a spatial light modulator few-mode fiber switch for space-division multiplexing,” in Frontiers in Optics 2013 Postdeadline, Orlando, Florida, October6–10, 2013.
  43. J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.
  44. M. Cvijetic, I. B. Djordjevic, N. Cvijetic, “Dynamic multidimensional optical networking based on spatial and spectral processing,” Opt. Express 20, 9144–9150 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  45. D. Dai, J. Wang, S. He, “Silicon multimode photonic integrated devices for on-chip mode-division-multiplexed optical interconnects,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 143, 773–819 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  46. N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, “Optical 4 × 4 hitless silicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16, 15915–15922 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  47. J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.
  48. J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  49. V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1302–1304 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  50. A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 321–322 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  51. L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18, 23079–23087 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  52. V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.
  53. R. Hendry, D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, “Physical layer analysis and modeling of silicon photonic WDM bus architectures,” in HiPEAC, Vienna, Austria, January, 2014.

2015 (2)

2014 (16)

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, J. P. Wilde, “Wavelength-selective switches for mode-division multiplexing: scaling and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3724–3735 (2014).

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, CMOS logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, “Making spatial multiplexing a reality,” Nat. Photonics 8, 345–348 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, M. Suzuki, “Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber with capacity-distance product of 1.03  Exabit/s·km,” Opt. Express 22, 1220–1228 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. A. Dorin, W. N. Ye, “Two-mode division multiplexing in a silicon-on-insulator ring resonator,” Opt. Express 22, 4547–4558 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 31582–31594 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Yin, Q. Deng, Y. Li, X. Wang, H. Li, “Compact and broadband mode multiplexer and demultiplexer based on asymmetric plasmonic–dielectric coupling,” Appl. Opt. 53, 6175–6180 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-D. Yang, Y. Li, Y.-Z. Huang, A. W. Poon, “Silicon nitride three-mode division multiplexing and wavelength-division multiplexing using asymmetrical directional couplers and microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22, 22172–22183 (2014).
[Crossref]

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

L. H. Frandsen, Y. Elesin, L. F. Frellsen, M. Mitrovic, Y. Ding, O. Sigmund, K. Yvind, “Topology optimized mode conversion in a photonic crystal waveguide fabricated in silicon-on-insulator material,” Opt. Express 22, 8525–8532 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 29321–29330 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, “A 60  Gb/s MDM–WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7  dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22, 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (8)

W. Chen, P. Wang, J. Yang, “Mode multi/demultiplexer based on cascaded asymmetric Y-junctions,” Opt. Express 21, 25113–25119 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, M. Lu, R. M. Osgood, “Asymmetric Y junctions in silicon waveguides for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1854–1856 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21, 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305  Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Amaya, M. Irfan, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, B. J. Puttnam, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, I. Henning, “Fully-elastic multi-granular network with space/frequency/time switching using multi-core fibres and programmable optical nodes,” Opt. Express 21, 8865–8872 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, J. Wang, S. He, “Silicon multimode photonic integrated devices for on-chip mode-division-multiplexed optical interconnects,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 143, 773–819 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Li, J. Ye, A. Al Amin, W. Shieh, “Demonstration of few-mode compatible optical add/drop multiplexer for mode-division multiplexed superchannel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 641–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2000 (1)

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 321–322 (2000).
[Crossref]

Abe, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Al Amin, A.

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1302–1304 (2003).
[Crossref]

Amaya, N.

Assefa, S.

Awaji, Y.

Bagheri, S.

S. Bagheri, W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-on-insulator mode-selective add-drop unit for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” in 6th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics, 2009 (GFP ‘09), San Francisco, California, September9–11, 2009, pp. 166–168.

Baks, C. W.

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barwicz, T.

Baxter, G.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

Bergman, K.

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, “A 60  Gb/s MDM–WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7  dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22, 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, “Optical 4 × 4 hitless silicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16, 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

R. Hendry, D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, “Physical layer analysis and modeling of silicon photonic WDM bus architectures,” in HiPEAC, Vienna, Austria, January, 2014.

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

Bergmen, K.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Biberman, A.

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, “Optical 4 × 4 hitless silicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16, 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Blau, M.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Bolle, C.

Bolle, C. A.

Buhl, L.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Burrows, E. C.

Cardenas, J.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Carpenter, J. A.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Chan, J.

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

Chandrasekhar, S.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Chen, C. P.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, “A 60  Gb/s MDM–WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7  dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22, 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

Chen, H.

Chen, L.

Chen, P.

J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Chen, P. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “64-channel hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling wavelength- and mode-division multiplexing for on-chip optical interconnects,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper ATh1A.7.

Chen, S.

J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Chen, P. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “64-channel hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling wavelength- and mode-division multiplexing for on-chip optical interconnects,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper ATh1A.7.

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

Christodoulides, D. N.

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

Correa, R. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cvijetic, M.

Cvijetic, N.

Da Ros, F.

Dadap, J. I.

Dai, D.

J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, J. Wang, S. He, “Silicon multimode photonic integrated devices for on-chip mode-division-multiplexed optical interconnects,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 143, 773–819 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Chen, P. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “64-channel hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling wavelength- and mode-division multiplexing for on-chip optical interconnects,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper ATh1A.7.

de Waardt, H.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deng, Q.

Ding, J.

Ding, Y.

Ding, Z.

Djordjevic, I. B.

Doany, F. E.

Doerr, C. R.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Dong, P.

Dorin, B. A.

Driscoll, J.

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

Driscoll, J. B.

Dunayevsky, J.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Eggleton, B. J.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Elesin, Y.

El-Ganainy, R.

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ercan, B.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Esmaeelpour, M.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96  km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Essiambre, R.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Frandsen, L. H.

Frellsen, L. F.

Frisken, S.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Gabrielli, L. H.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Genack, A. Z.

V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.

Gnauck, A. H.

Goto, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Green, W. M. J.

Greenberg, M.

Grote, R.

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

Grote, R. R.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Gu, R. Y.

R. Y. Gu, E. Ip, M.-J. Li, Y.-K. Huang, J. M. Kahn, “Experimental demonstration of a spatial light modulator few-mode fiber switch for space-division multiplexing,” in Frontiers in Optics 2013 Postdeadline, Orlando, Florida, October6–10, 2013.

Guan, B.

Hanzawa, N.

He, S.

D. Dai, J. Wang, S. He, “Silicon multimode photonic integrated devices for on-chip mode-division-multiplexed optical interconnects,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 143, 773–819 (2013).
[Crossref]

Heinrich, M.

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hendry, G.

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hendry, R.

R. Hendry, D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, “Physical layer analysis and modeling of silicon photonic WDM bus architectures,” in HiPEAC, Vienna, Austria, January, 2014.

Henning, I.

Ho, K.-P.

Huang, B.

Huang, Y.-K.

R. Y. Gu, E. Ip, M.-J. Li, Y.-K. Huang, J. M. Kahn, “Experimental demonstration of a spatial light modulator few-mode fiber switch for space-division multiplexing,” in Frontiers in Optics 2013 Postdeadline, Orlando, Florida, October6–10, 2013.

Huang, Y.-Z.

Huijskens, F. M.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, S.

Igarashi, K.

Imamura, K.

Inaba, H.

Ip, E.

R. Y. Gu, E. Ip, M.-J. Li, Y.-K. Huang, J. M. Kahn, “Experimental demonstration of a spatial light modulator few-mode fiber switch for space-division multiplexing,” in Frontiers in Optics 2013 Postdeadline, Orlando, Florida, October6–10, 2013.

Irfan, M.

Ishida, I.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Ishizaka, Y.

Jahnes, C. V.

Ji, R.

Jiang, X.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Kahn, J. M.

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, J. P. Wilde, “Wavelength-selective switches for mode-division multiplexing: scaling and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3724–3735 (2014).

R. Y. Gu, E. Ip, M.-J. Li, Y.-K. Huang, J. M. Kahn, “Experimental demonstration of a spatial light modulator few-mode fiber switch for space-division multiplexing,” in Frontiers in Optics 2013 Postdeadline, Orlando, Florida, October6–10, 2013.

Kanno, A.

Kash, J. A.

Kawaguchi, Y.

Kawakami, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Kawanishi, T.

Khater, M. H.

Kiewra, E.

Klaus, W.

Kobayashi, T.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305  Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Koonen, A. M. J.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koonen, T.

Kopp, V. I.

V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.

Koshiba, M.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 29321–29330 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Uematsu, Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Design of a compact two-mode multi/demultiplexer consisting of multimode interference waveguides and a wavelength-insensitive phase shifter for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2421–2426 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Kubota, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Kuchta, D. M.

Lai, C. P.

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

Lee, B. G.

Lee, B.-T.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Levy, J. S.

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, A.

Li, G.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, M.-J.

R. Y. Gu, E. Ip, M.-J. Li, Y.-K. Huang, J. M. Kahn, “Experimental demonstration of a spatial light modulator few-mode fiber switch for space-division multiplexing,” in Frontiers in Optics 2013 Postdeadline, Orlando, Florida, October6–10, 2013.

Li, Y.

Lingle, R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96  km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “6 × 56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6 × 6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express 19, 16697–16707 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Lipson, M.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18, 23079–23087 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, “Optical 4 × 4 hitless silicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16, 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15, 9600–9605 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1302–1304 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

Lira, H. L. R.

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

Liu, C.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Lopez, E. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.

Lu, Y.

Luke, K.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.-W.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18, 23079–23087 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maeda, K.

Marom, D. M.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Matsui, T.

Matsuo, S.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Matsuura, A.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

McCurdy, A.

McCurdy, A. H.

Mestre, M. A.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Miri, M.-A.

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mitrovic, M.

Miyamoto, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Miyazawa, T.

Montoliu, M.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Morioka, T.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Morita, I.

Morton, P. A.

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mukasa, K.

Mulugeta, T.

Mumtaz, S.

Nejabati, R.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Neugroschl, D.

V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.

Nikolova, D.

R. Hendry, D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, “Physical layer analysis and modeling of silicon photonic WDM bus architectures,” in HiPEAC, Vienna, Austria, January, 2014.

Nitkowski, A.

Nolte, S.

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

Okonkwo, C.

Okonkwo, C. M.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ono, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Ophir, N.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

R. Hendry, D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, “Physical layer analysis and modeling of silicon photonic WDM bus architectures,” in HiPEAC, Vienna, Austria, January, 2014.

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

Orenstein, M.

Osgood, R. M.

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, “A 60  Gb/s MDM–WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7  dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22, 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, M. Lu, R. M. Osgood, “Asymmetric Y junctions in silicon waveguides for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1854–1856 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

Ou, H.

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1302–1304 (2003).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.

Peckham, D. W.

Peucheret, C.

Poitras, C. B.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18, 23079–23087 (2010).
[Crossref]

Poon, A. W.

Preble, S. F.

Preston, K.

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

Puttnam, B. J.

Randel, S.

Rasras, M.

Reano, R. M.

Reinholm, C.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rimolo-Donadio, R.

Roelens, M. A.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Ruege, A. C.

Rumley, S.

R. Hendry, D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, “Physical layer analysis and modeling of silicon photonic WDM bus architectures,” in HiPEAC, Vienna, Austria, January, 2014.

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96  km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “6 × 56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6 × 6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express 19, 16697–16707 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Rylyakov, A. V.

Saito, T.

Saitoh, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 29321–29330 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Uematsu, Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Design of a compact two-mode multi/demultiplexer consisting of multimode interference waveguides and a wavelength-insensitive phase shifter for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2421–2426 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Sakaguchi, J.

Sakamoto, T.

Salazar Gil, J. R.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Salazar-Gil, J. R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Sano, A.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Sasaki, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Schow, C. L.

Schröder, J.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Schülzgen, A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shank, S. M.

Sherwood-Droz, N.

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, “Optical 4 × 4 hitless silicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16, 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Chen, P. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “64-channel hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling wavelength- and mode-division multiplexing for on-chip optical interconnects,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper ATh1A.7.

Shieh, W.

Shikama, K.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Shin, S.-Y.

Shubochkin, R.

Sierra, A.

Sigmund, O.

Simeonidou, D.

Sinefeld, D.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

Singer, J.

V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.

Souhan, B.

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, “A 60  Gb/s MDM–WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7  dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22, 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, M. Lu, R. M. Osgood, “Asymmetric Y junctions in silicon waveguides for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1854–1856 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

Stein, A.

Stewart, L.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

Stützer, S.

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sugizaki, R.

Sun, Y.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Suzuki, M.

Szameit, A.

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tadakuma, M.

Takara, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Takenaga, K.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Tian, Y.

Tsuchida, Y.

Tsujikawa, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 29321–29330 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Tsuritani, T.

Uematsu, T.

Van Campenhout, J.

van Uden, R.

van Uden, R. G. H.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wada, N.

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Dai, J. Wang, S. He, “Silicon multimode photonic integrated devices for on-chip mode-division-multiplexed optical interconnects,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 143, 773–819 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, S. Chen, P. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “64-channel hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling wavelength- and mode-division multiplexing for on-chip optical interconnects,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper ATh1A.7.

Wang, P.

Wang, X.

Watanabe, K.

Watanabe, M.

Wilde, J. P.

Winzer, P.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

Winzer, P. J.

Wlodawski, M.

V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.

Xia, C.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Yamamoto, F.

Yang, J.

Yang, L.

Yang, M.

Yang, Y.-D.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 321–322 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

Ye, W. N.

Yin, M.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Yvind, K.

Zervas, G.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, P.

Zhu, W.

Zhu, X.

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36, 321–322 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Cardenas, C. B. Poitras, K. Luke, L. Luo, P. A. Morton, M. Lipson, “High coupling efficiency etched facet tapers in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 2380–2382 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. (1)

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Photonic network-on-chip architectures using multilayer deposited silicon materials for high-performance chip multiprocessors,” J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst. 7, 1–25 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

A. C. Ruege, R. M. Reano, “Multimode waveguides coupled to single mode ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2035–2043 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96  km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Uematsu, Y. Ishizaka, Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, “Design of a compact two-mode multi/demultiplexer consisting of multimode interference waveguides and a wavelength-insensitive phase shifter for mode-division multiplexing transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2421–2426 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305  Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, A. Li, J. Ye, A. Al Amin, W. Shieh, “Demonstration of few-mode compatible optical add/drop multiplexer for mode-division multiplexed superchannel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 641–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, J. P. Wilde, “Wavelength-selective switches for mode-division multiplexing: scaling and performance analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3724–3735 (2014).

B. G. Lee, A. V. Rylyakov, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, C. W. Baks, R. Rimolo-Donadio, D. M. Kuchta, M. H. Khater, T. Barwicz, C. Reinholm, E. Kiewra, S. M. Shank, C. L. Schow, Y. A. Vlasov, “Monolithic silicon integration of scaled photonic switch fabrics, CMOS logic, and device driver circuits,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 743–751 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

M. Heinrich, M.-A. Miri, S. Stützer, R. El-Ganainy, S. Nolte, A. Szameit, D. N. Christodoulides, “Supersymmetric mode converters,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3698 (2014).
[Crossref]

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).

Nat. Photonics (3)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, “Making spatial multiplexing a reality,” Nat. Photonics 8, 345–348 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8, 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (21)

N. Amaya, M. Irfan, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, B. J. Puttnam, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, I. Henning, “Fully-elastic multi-granular network with space/frequency/time switching using multi-core fibres and programmable optical nodes,” Opt. Express 21, 8865–8872 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Ding, J. Xu, F. Da Ros, B. Huang, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, “On-chip two-mode division multiplexing using tapered directional coupler-based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express 21, 10376–10382 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Cvijetic, I. B. Djordjevic, N. Cvijetic, “Dynamic multidimensional optical networking based on spatial and spectral processing,” Opt. Express 20, 9144–9150 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Greenberg, M. Orenstein, “Multimode add-drop multiplexing by adiabatic linearly tapered coupling,” Opt. Express 13, 9381–9387 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, M. Lipson, “All-optical compact silicon comb switch,” Opt. Express 15, 9600–9605 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, “Optical 4 × 4 hitless silicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16, 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref]

L.-W. Luo, S. Ibrahim, A. Nitkowski, Z. Ding, C. B. Poitras, S. J. Ben Yoo, M. Lipson, “High bandwidth on-chip silicon photonic interleaver,” Opt. Express 18, 23079–23087 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Yang, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, J. Van Campenhout, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, J. A. Kash, Y. A. Vlasov, “Non-blocking 4 × 4 electro-optic silicon switch for on-chip photonic networks,” Opt. Express 19, 47–54 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Sierra, P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, R.-J. Essiambre, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “6 × 56-Gb/s mode-division multiplexed transmission over 33-km few-mode fiber enabled by 6 × 6 MIMO equalization,” Opt. Express 19, 16697–16707 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ji, L. Yang, L. Zhang, Y. Tian, J. Ding, H. Chen, Y. Lu, P. Zhou, W. Zhu, “Five-port optical router for photonic networks-on-chip,” Opt. Express 19, 20258–20268 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. A. Dorin, W. N. Ye, “Two-mode division multiplexing in a silicon-on-insulator ring resonator,” Opt. Express 22, 4547–4558 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. H. Frandsen, Y. Elesin, L. F. Frellsen, M. Mitrovic, Y. Ding, O. Sigmund, K. Yvind, “Topology optimized mode conversion in a photonic crystal waveguide fabricated in silicon-on-insulator material,” Opt. Express 22, 8525–8532 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, P. Chen, S. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “Improved 8-channel silicon mode demultiplexer with grating polarizers,” Opt. Express 22, 12799–12807 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. I. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, “A 60  Gb/s MDM–WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7  dB power penalty per channel,” Opt. Express 22, 18543–18555 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-D. Yang, Y. Li, Y.-Z. Huang, A. W. Poon, “Silicon nitride three-mode division multiplexing and wavelength-division multiplexing using asymmetrical directional couplers and microring resonators,” Opt. Express 22, 22172–22183 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, F. Yamamoto, “Mode multi/demultiplexing with parallel waveguide for mode division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 29321–29330 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22, 31582–31594 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, A. H. Gnauck, S. Randel, S. J. B. Yoo, A. M. J. Koonen, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, “Mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 235–246 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Mulugeta, M. Rasras, “Silicon hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling simultaneous mode and wavelength-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 23, 943–949 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, P. Wang, J. Yang, “Mode multi/demultiplexer based on cascaded asymmetric Y-junctions,” Opt. Express 21, 25113–25119 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, M. Suzuki, “Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber with capacity-distance product of 1.03  Exabit/s·km,” Opt. Express 22, 1220–1228 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Prog. Electromagn. Res. (1)

D. Dai, J. Wang, S. He, “Silicon multimode photonic integrated devices for on-chip mode-division-multiplexed optical interconnects,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 143, 773–819 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (11)

J. Chan, N. Ophir, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, “Data transmission using wavelength-selective spatial routing for photonic interconnection networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThQ3.

S. Bagheri, W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-on-insulator mode-selective add-drop unit for on-chip mode-division multiplexing,” in 6th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics, 2009 (GFP ‘09), San Francisco, California, September9–11, 2009, pp. 166–168.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, J. Dunayevsky, D. Sinefeld, M. Blau, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, C. Liu, B. Ercan, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. R. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Lingle, D. M. Marom, “Wavelength-selective switch for few-mode fiber transmission,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), London, UK, September22–26, 2013, pp. 1–3.

R. Y. Gu, E. Ip, M.-J. Li, Y.-K. Huang, J. M. Kahn, “Experimental demonstration of a spatial light modulator few-mode fiber switch for space-division multiplexing,” in Frontiers in Optics 2013 Postdeadline, Orlando, Florida, October6–10, 2013.

J. A. Carpenter, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. R. Salazar Gil, J. Bland-Hawthorn, G. Baxter, L. Stewart, S. Frisken, M. A. Roelens, B. J. Eggleton, J. Schröder, “1 × 11 few-mode fiber wavelength selective switch using photonic lanterns,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th4A.2.

C. P. Chen, J. Driscoll, B. Souhan, R. Grote, X. Zhu, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Experimental demonstration of spatial scaling for high-throughput transmission through a Si mode-division-multiplexing waveguide,” in Advanced Photonics for Communications, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper IM2A.3.

J. Wang, S. Chen, P. Chen, Y. Shi, D. Dai, “64-channel hybrid (de)multiplexer enabling wavelength- and mode-division multiplexing for on-chip optical interconnects,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper ATh1A.7.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12  SDM/222 WDM/456  Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

V. I. Kopp, J. Park, M. Wlodawski, J. Singer, D. Neugroschl, A. Z. Genack, “Pitch reducing optical fiber array for dense optical interconnect,” in 2012 IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference (AVFOP), Cocoa Beach, Florida, September11–13, 2012, pp. 48–49.

R. Hendry, D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, “Physical layer analysis and modeling of silicon photonic WDM bus architectures,” in HiPEAC, Vienna, Austria, January, 2014.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Supplement 1: PDF (730 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. In order to enable access to individual mode-multiplexed channels, multimode signals are temporarily encoded as the fundamental mode [step (1)] and are then processed independently [step (2)]. Processing by variable attenuation is shown as an example for the case of 12 channels (three modes and four wavelengths). Finally, the channels are restored as higher-order spatial modes [step (3)] and are coupled to a multimode waveguide output.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Block diagram of 1×2 multimode switch operation. The four input data channels, consisting of two modes at two different wavelengths, may be switched in any combination to the two outputs. The example shows three channels routed to Output 1 and one channel to Output 2. (b) Schematic of the multimode switch. The input TE1 channels are converted to the fundamental mode through phase matching to single-mode rings. The channels are switched using actively tuned rings to route them individually. This example shows three channels routed from Input 1 to Output 1 using on-resonance rings, and the fourth channel (TE0λ2) is routed from Input 1 to Output 2 using an off-resonance ring. (c) Illustration of the mode (re)conversion approach showing the phase-matched coupling region.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Optical microscope image of the fabricated device. The input channels are coupled into single-mode waveguides from an off-chip laser and a multiplexer (mux) produces the MDM input to the multimode switch. The areas highlighted in blue show the multimode waveguides. The four small rings actively switch the four channels and are tuned by integrated heaters. Following the switch, each of the two outputs is demultiplexed (demux) so that the channels can be individually monitored off-chip. (b) SEM image of a ring resonator in the fabricated device with active heater used to tune the resonance. (c) Crosstalk measurements for the different channels. Spectral profiles at both outputs for each of the four input channels, compared with profiles from interfering channels. Signal and crosstalk were measured individually with a continuous-wave tunable laser for configurations with the highest intermodal crosstalk, which remain below 16.8dB in all cases.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Testing configuration including a tunable laser, a polarization controller, a fiber polarizer, an electro-optic modulator (Mod.), a pattern generator (PG) for the 271 PRBS, a function generator clock source (CLK), an Er-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA), a tunable bandpass filter (1.4 nm), a digital communications analyzer (DCA), a variable optical attenuator (VOA), an optical receiver (Recv.), a limiting amplifier (LA), and a BER tester (BERT). (b) Eye diagrams of the switched signals for all channels at both outputs are open. Comparison with the rise time of back-to-back eyes confirms that the output signal is bandwidth-limited. (c) Error-free transmission (BER<109) is achieved, with power penalties ranging from 0.5 to 1.4 dB, compared with the back-to-back (B2B) references.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Testing setup for simultaneous switching, derived from that in Fig. 4(a), including fiber spools for decorrelation and decoherence of data channels, a 5050 combiner/splitter, and a PROFA. The solid connections are in fiber and the dotted connections are electrical. (b) Eye diagrams for each 10 Gb/s channel switching to either output. (c) BER measurements for simultaneous operation of all channels. The worst-case switching configuration for each channel is plotted. For each channel, a back-to-back reference was measured by replacing the PROFA and the chip with an attenuator replicating the insertion loss. The best-performing back-to-back measurements for each wavelength are plotted. All channels achieve error-free (BER<109) transmission except the TE1λ1 channel, which is impaired when switched to Output 1 due to fabrication error causing one ring resonator to be undercoupled with a narrow bandwidth.

Metrics