Abstract

Tapered optical fibers with a nanofiber waist are versatile light–matter interfaces. Of particular interest are laser-cooled atoms trapped in the evanescent field surrounding the optical nanofiber: they exhibit both long ground-state coherence times and efficient coupling to fiber-guided fields. Here, we demonstrate electromagnetically induced transparency, slow light, and the storage of fiber-guided optical pulses in an ensemble of cold atoms trapped in a nanofiber-based optical lattice. We measure group velocities of 50 m/s. Moreover, we store optical pulses at the single-photon level and retrieve them on demand in the fiber after 2 μs with an overall efficiency of (3.0±0.4)%. Our results show that nanofiber-based interfaces for cold atoms have great potential for the realization of building blocks for future optical quantum information networks.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

E. Saglamyurek, J. Jin, V. B. Verma, M. D. Shaw, F. Marsili, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 9, 83 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 89, 063829 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Albrecht, P. Farrera, X. Fernandez-Gonzalvo, M. Cristiani, H. de Riedmatten, Nat. Commun. 5, 3376 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. S. Donvalkar, V. Venkataraman, S. Clemmen, K. Saha, A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Lett. 39, 1557 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

D. Reitz, C. Sayrin, R. Mitsch, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 243603 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, C. Simon, W. Tittel, J. Mod. Opt. 60, 1519 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. O. Dudin, L. Li, A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. A 87, 031801 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, T. A. B. Kennedy, Nat. Phys. 6, 894 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, A. S. Sørensen, Phys. Rev. A 76, 033805 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

F. L. Kien, J. Liang, K. Hakuta, V. Balykin, Opt. Commun. 242, 445 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abdolvand, A.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

Afzelius, M.

F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, C. Simon, W. Tittel, J. Mod. Opt. 60, 1519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Albrecht, B.

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 89, 063829 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Albrecht, P. Farrera, X. Fernandez-Gonzalvo, M. Cristiani, H. de Riedmatten, Nat. Commun. 5, 3376 (2014).
[Crossref]

André, A.

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, A. S. Sørensen, Phys. Rev. A 76, 033805 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bajcsy, M.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Balic, V.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Balykin, V.

F. L. Kien, J. Liang, K. Hakuta, V. Balykin, Opt. Commun. 242, 445 (2004).
[Crossref]

Briegel, H.-J.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bussières, F.

F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, C. Simon, W. Tittel, J. Mod. Opt. 60, 1519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Champion, T. F. M.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cirac, J. I.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

Clemmen, S.

Cristiani, M.

B. Albrecht, P. Farrera, X. Fernandez-Gonzalvo, M. Cristiani, H. de Riedmatten, Nat. Commun. 5, 3376 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dawkins, S. T.

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Riedmatten, H.

B. Albrecht, P. Farrera, X. Fernandez-Gonzalvo, M. Cristiani, H. de Riedmatten, Nat. Commun. 5, 3376 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, C. Simon, W. Tittel, J. Mod. Opt. 60, 1519 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Donvalkar, P. S.

Duan, L.-M.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dudin, Y. O.

Y. O. Dudin, L. Li, A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. A 87, 031801 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, T. A. B. Kennedy, Nat. Phys. 6, 894 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dür, W.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

England, D. G.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Farrera, P.

B. Albrecht, P. Farrera, X. Fernandez-Gonzalvo, M. Cristiani, H. de Riedmatten, Nat. Commun. 5, 3376 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fernandez-Gonzalvo, X.

B. Albrecht, P. Farrera, X. Fernandez-Gonzalvo, M. Cristiani, H. de Riedmatten, Nat. Commun. 5, 3376 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gisin, N.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gorshkov, A. V.

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, A. S. Sørensen, Phys. Rev. A 76, 033805 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gouraud, B.

B. Gouraud, D. Maxein, A. Nicolas, O. Morin, J. Laurat, “Demonstration of a memory for tightly guided light in an optical nanofiber,” arXiv: 1502.01458 (2015).

Hafezi, M.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hakuta, K.

F. L. Kien, J. Liang, K. Hakuta, V. Balykin, Opt. Commun. 242, 445 (2004).
[Crossref]

Halfmann, T.

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Heinze, G.

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hofferberth, S.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hubrich, C.

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jen, H. H.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, T. A. B. Kennedy, Nat. Phys. 6, 894 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, S. D.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, T. A. B. Kennedy, Nat. Phys. 6, 894 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jin, J.

E. Saglamyurek, J. Jin, V. B. Verma, M. D. Shaw, F. Marsili, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 9, 83 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, X.-M.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, T. A. B. Kennedy, Nat. Phys. 6, 894 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kien, F. L.

F. L. Kien, J. Liang, K. Hakuta, V. Balykin, Opt. Commun. 242, 445 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kolthammer, W. S.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kuzmich, A.

Y. O. Dudin, L. Li, A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. A 87, 031801 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, T. A. B. Kennedy, Nat. Phys. 6, 894 (2010).
[Crossref]

Langford, N. K.

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laurat, J.

B. Gouraud, D. Maxein, A. Nicolas, O. Morin, J. Laurat, “Demonstration of a memory for tightly guided light in an optical nanofiber,” arXiv: 1502.01458 (2015).

Li, L.

Y. O. Dudin, L. Li, A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. A 87, 031801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.

F. L. Kien, J. Liang, K. Hakuta, V. Balykin, Opt. Commun. 242, 445 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, A. S. Sørensen, Phys. Rev. A 76, 033805 (2007).
[Crossref]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lvovsky, A. I.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[Crossref]

Marsili, F.

E. Saglamyurek, J. Jin, V. B. Verma, M. D. Shaw, F. Marsili, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 9, 83 (2015).
[Crossref]

Maxein, D.

B. Gouraud, D. Maxein, A. Nicolas, O. Morin, J. Laurat, “Demonstration of a memory for tightly guided light in an optical nanofiber,” arXiv: 1502.01458 (2015).

Michelberger, P. S.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mitsch, R.

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 89, 063829 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Reitz, C. Sayrin, R. Mitsch, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 243603 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morin, O.

B. Gouraud, D. Maxein, A. Nicolas, O. Morin, J. Laurat, “Demonstration of a memory for tightly guided light in an optical nanofiber,” arXiv: 1502.01458 (2015).

Nam, S. W.

E. Saglamyurek, J. Jin, V. B. Verma, M. D. Shaw, F. Marsili, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 9, 83 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nicolas, A.

B. Gouraud, D. Maxein, A. Nicolas, O. Morin, J. Laurat, “Demonstration of a memory for tightly guided light in an optical nanofiber,” arXiv: 1502.01458 (2015).

Nunn, J.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oblak, D.

E. Saglamyurek, J. Jin, V. B. Verma, M. D. Shaw, F. Marsili, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 9, 83 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peyronel, T.

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Radnaev, A. G.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, T. A. B. Kennedy, Nat. Phys. 6, 894 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rauschenbeutel, A.

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 89, 063829 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Reitz, C. Sayrin, R. Mitsch, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 243603 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Reitz, D.

D. Reitz, C. Sayrin, R. Mitsch, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 243603 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. S. J.

M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
[Crossref]

Saglamyurek, E.

E. Saglamyurek, J. Jin, V. B. Verma, M. D. Shaw, F. Marsili, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 9, 83 (2015).
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E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
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R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 89, 063829 (2014).
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M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, T. F. M. Champion, D. G. England, J. Nunn, X.-M. Jin, W. S. Kolthammer, A. Abdolvand, P. S. J. Russell, I. A. Walmsley, Nat. Photonics 8, 287 (2014).
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E. Saglamyurek, J. Jin, V. B. Verma, M. D. Shaw, F. Marsili, S. W. Nam, D. Oblak, W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 9, 83 (2015).
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J. Mod. Opt. (1)

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[Crossref]

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Phys. Rev. A (3)

R. Mitsch, C. Sayrin, B. Albrecht, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. A 89, 063829 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, A. S. Sørensen, Phys. Rev. A 76, 033805 (2007).
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Y. O. Dudin, L. Li, A. Kuzmich, Phys. Rev. A 87, 031801 (2013).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

M. Bajcsy, S. Hofferberth, V. Balic, T. Peyronel, M. Hafezi, A. S. Zibrov, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 203902 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Nunn, N. K. Langford, W. S. Kolthammer, T. F. M. Champion, M. R. Sprague, P. S. Michelberger, X.-M. Jin, D. G. England, I. A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 133601 (2013).
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G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033601 (2013).
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D. Reitz, C. Sayrin, R. Mitsch, P. Schneeweiss, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 243603 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).
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Other (1)

B. Gouraud, D. Maxein, A. Nicolas, O. Morin, J. Laurat, “Demonstration of a memory for tightly guided light in an optical nanofiber,” arXiv: 1502.01458 (2015).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic of the setup including the tapered optical fiber, the laser fields, and the single-photon counting module. The polarization of the probe field above and below the nanofiber is indicated by the dashed circular arrows. A homogeneous magnetic field B off is applied. (b) Cross-sectional view of the nanofiber, illustrating the orientations of the principal axes of quasi-linear polarizations of the nanofiber-guided fields. (c) Relevant Zeeman sublevels of the trapped cesium atoms. The transitions driven by the laser fields are indicated. The quantization axis is in the direction of B off .
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Transmission spectrum of the guided probe field under EIT conditions. (a) A narrow transmission window with a width clearly smaller than the natural linewidth is observed on an optically dense background. The control power is P c = 26 pW , and the probe power is P p = 2.9 pW . The orange line is a fit to the data (see text). The spectrum is averaged over 300 measurements. (b) For P c = 0.33 pW , we observe a transmission window that is about 10 times narrower. The orange line is a Lorentzian fit. Here, P p = 1.7 pW . Each data point is an average over 60 measurements. The error bars in (a) and (b) correspond to one standard deviation based on counting statistics.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Slow fiber-guided light. (a) Time traces of probe pulses transmitted through the TOF under EIT conditions. A delay of the pulses with respect to a reference pulse (dark green) is clearly visible. The solid lines are Gaussian fits to the data. Each point is the result of the average over 5 pulses per atomic ensemble and over 800 experimental runs. The bin size is 1 μs. The error bars are as in Fig. 2. (b) Pulse delay, (c) pulse duration, and (d) pulse transmission as a function of the control power, P c . The orange lines are the results of a global fit of the data sets in (b)–(d); see text. The error bars are the standard errors of the Gaussian fits.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Storage of light in a nanofiber-trapped ensemble of cold atoms. A pulse of duration τ = 0.2 μs that contains 0.8 photons on average is launched into the TOF and stopped inside the atomic medium. This is achieved by reducing P c ( t ) to zero (blue line). After 1 μs, P c ( t ) is increased to its initial value, and the pulse is retrieved and recorded by the SPCM (orange data). Here, B off = 15 G , the bin size is 100 ns, and the data are averaged over 55 pulses per atomic ensemble and 1600 experimental runs (2400 for reference). Green data, reference, recorded without atoms; black line, simulated time trace (see text).

Equations (1)

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χ ˜ ( δ p ) = [ 2 δ p γ 21 ( 4 δ p 2 | Ω c | 2 γ 21 γ 31 ) + 2 δ p γ 31 ] + i [ 1 + 4 δ p 2 γ 21 2 + | Ω c | 2 γ 21 γ 31 ] | | Ω c | 2 γ 21 γ 31 + ( 1 2 i δ p γ 21 ) ( 1 2 i δ p γ 31 ) | 2 .

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