Abstract

Resonant excitation of solid state quantum emitters has the potential to deterministically excite a localized exciton while ensuring maximally coherent emission. In this work, we demonstrate the coherent coupling of an exciton localized in a lithographically positioned, site-controlled semiconductor quantum dot to an external resonant laser field. For strong continuous-wave driving we observe the characteristic Mollow triplet and analyze the Rabi splitting and sideband widths as a function of driving strength and temperature. The sideband widths increase linearly with temperature and the square of the driving strength, which we explain via coupling of the exciton to longitudinal acoustic phonons. We also find an increase of the Rabi splitting with temperature, which indicates a temperature-induced delocalization of the excitonic wave function resulting in an increase of the oscillator strength. Finally, we demonstrate coherent control of the exciton excited state population via pulsed resonant excitation and observe a damping of the Rabi oscillations with increasing pulse area, which is consistent with our exciton–photon coupling model. We believe that our work outlines the possibility to implement fully scalable platforms of solid state quantum emitters. Such scalability is one of the key prerequisites for more advanced, integrated nanophotonic quantum circuits.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

K. D. Jöns, U. Rengstl, M. Oster, F. Hargart, M. Heldmaier, S. Bounouar, S. M. Ulrich, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Monolithic on-chip integration of semiconductor waveguides, beamsplitters and single-photon sources,” J. Phys. D 48, 085101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Kruger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Sapienza, M. Davanco, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Nanoscale optical positioning of single quantum dots for bright and pure single-photon emission,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7833 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

Y.-J. Wei, Y. He, Y.-M. He, C.-Y. Lu, J.-W. Pan, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, D. P. S. McCutcheon, and A. Nazir, “Temperature-dependent Mollow triplet spectra from a single quantum dot: Rabi frequency renormalization and sideband linewidth insensitivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 097401 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Musiał, P. Gold, J. Andrzejewski, A. Löffler, J. Misiewicz, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, M. Kamp, G. Sek, and S. Reitzenstein, “Toward weak confinement regime in epitaxial nanostructures: interdependence of spatial character of quantum confinement and wave function extension in large and elongated quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 045430 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Wei, Y.-M. He, M.-C. Chen, Y.-N. Hu, Y. He, D. Wu, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Deterministic and robust generation of single photons from a single quantum dot with 99.5% indistinguishability using adiabatic rapid passage,” Nano Lett. 14, 6515–6519 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Maier, P. Gold, A. Forchel, N. Gregersen, J. Mørk, S. Höfling, C. Schneider, and M. Kamp, “Bright single photon source based on self-aligned quantum dot-cavity systems,” Opt. Express 22, 8136–8142 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

A. Ulhaq, S. Weiler, C. Roy, S. M. Ulrich, M. Jetter, S. Hughes, and P. Michler, “Detuning-dependent Mollow triplet of a coherently-driven single quantum dot,” Opt. Express 21, 4382–4395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y.-M. He, Y. He, Y.-J. Wei, D. Wu, M. Atatüre, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “On-demand semiconductor single-photon source with near-unity indistinguishability,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 213–217 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Gazzano, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, C. Arnold, A. Nowak, E. Galopin, I. Sagnes, L. Lanco, A. Lemaître, and P. Senellart, “Bright solid-state sources of indistinguishable single photons,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1425 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. D. Jöns, P. Atkinson, M. Müller, M. Heldmaier, S. M. Ulrich, O. G. Schmidt, and P. Michler, “Triggered indistinguishable single photons with narrow line widths from site-controlled quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 13, 126–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Juska, V. Dimastrodonato, L. O. Mereni, A. Gocalinska, and E. Pelucchi, “Towards quantum-dot arrays of entangled photon emitters,” Nat. Photonics 7, 527–531 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. P. S. McCutcheon and A. Nazir, “Model of the optical emission of a driven semiconductor quantum dot: phonon-enhanced coherent scattering and off-resonant sideband narrowing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 217401 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

T. Heindel, C. A. Kessler, M. Rau, C. Schneider, M. Fürst, F. Hargart, W.-M. Schulz, M. Eichfelder, R. Rossbach, S. Nauerth, M. Lermer, H. Weier, M. Jetter, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Michler, H. Weinfurter, and A. Forchel, “Quantum key distribution using quantum dot single-photon emitting diodes in the red and near infrared spectral range,” New J. Phys. 14, 083001 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. B. Hoang, J. Beetz, M. Lermer, L. Midolo, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Fiore, “Widely tunable, efficient on-chip single photon sources at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Express 20, 21758–21765 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (6)

T. Heindel, C. Schneider, M. Lermer, S. H. Kwon, T. Braun, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, “Electically driven quantum dot-micropillar single photon source with 34% overall efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011107 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Yao, V. S. C. M. Rao, and S. Hughes, “On-chip single photon sources using planar photonic crystals and single quantum dots,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 499–516 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ramsay, T. M. Godden, S. J. Boyle, E. M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B. W. Lovett, A. M. Fox, and M. S. Skolnick, “Phonon-induced Rabi-frequency renormalization of optically driven single InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 177402 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ramsay, A. V. Gopal, E. M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B. W. Lovett, A. M. Fox, and M. S. Skolnick, “Damping of exciton Rabi rotations by acoustic phonons in optically excited InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 017402 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. P. S. McCutcheon and A. Nazir, “Quantum dot Rabi rotations beyond the weak exciton-phonon coupling regime,” New J. Phys. 12, 113042 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Albert, S. Stobbe, C. Schneider, T. Heindel, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Lodahl, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Quantum efficiency and oscillator strength of site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 151102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

S. Ates, S. M. Ulrich, S. Reitzenstein, A. Löffler, A. Forchel, and P. Michler, “Post-selected indistinguishable photons from the resonance fluorescence of a single quantum dot in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 167402 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Flagg, A. Muller, J. Robertson, S. Founta, D. Deppe, M. Xiao, W. Ma, G. Salamo, and C.-K. Shih, “Resonantly driven coherent oscillations in a solid-state quantum emitter,” Nat. Phys. 5, 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. N. Vamivakas, Y. Zhao, C.-Y. Lu, and M. Atatüre, “Spin-resolved quantum-dot resonance fluorescence,” Nat. Phys. 5, 198–202 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Schneider, T. Heindel, A. Huggenberger, P. Weinmann, C. Kistner, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single photon emission from a site-controlled quantum dot-micropillar cavity system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111111 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Schneider, A. Huggenberger, T. Sunner, T. Heindel, M. Strauss, S. Gopfert, P. Weinmann, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single site-controlled In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots: growth, properties and device integration,” Nanotechnology 20, 434012 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, S. J. Dewhurst, C. A. Nicoll, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, “Cavity-enhanced radiative emission rate in a single-photon-emitting diode operating at 0.5 GHz,” New J. Phys. 10, 043035 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Johansen, S. Stobbe, I. S. Nikolaev, T. Lund-Hansen, P. T. Kristensen, J. M. Hvam, W. L. Vos, and P. Lodahl, “Size dependence of the wavefunction of self-assembled InAs quantum dots from time-resolved optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 073303 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Press, T. D. Ladd, B. Zhang, and Y. Yamamoto, “Complete quantum control of a single quantum dot spin using ultrafast optical pulses,” Nature 456, 218–221 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. H. Baier, S. Watanabe, E. Pelucchi, and E. Kapon, “High uniformity of site-controlled pyramidal quantum dots grown on prepatterned substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1943–1945 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

Z. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. J. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically driven single-photon source,” Science 295, 102–105 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile,” Nature 420, 762 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, M. Mason, P. Carson, G. Strouse, S. Buratto, W. Schoenfeld, and P. Petroff, “Nonclassical radiation from a single quantum dot,” Phys. Status Solidi B 229, 399–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

P. Royo, R. P. Stanley, and M. Ilegems, “Planar dielectric microcavity light-emitting diodes: analytical analysis of the extraction efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 283–293 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290, 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Ishikawa, T. Nishimura, S. Kohmoto, and K. Asakawa, “Site-controlled InAs single quantum-dot structures on gaas surfaces patterned by in situ electron-beam lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 167–169 (2000).
[Crossref]

Abe, E.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref]

Albert, F.

F. Albert, S. Stobbe, C. Schneider, T. Heindel, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Lodahl, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Quantum efficiency and oscillator strength of site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 151102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Andrzejewski, J.

A. Musiał, P. Gold, J. Andrzejewski, A. Löffler, J. Misiewicz, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, M. Kamp, G. Sek, and S. Reitzenstein, “Toward weak confinement regime in epitaxial nanostructures: interdependence of spatial character of quantum confinement and wave function extension in large and elongated quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 045430 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arnold, C.

O. Gazzano, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, C. Arnold, A. Nowak, E. Galopin, I. Sagnes, L. Lanco, A. Lemaître, and P. Senellart, “Bright solid-state sources of indistinguishable single photons,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1425 (2013).
[Crossref]

Asakawa, K.

T. Ishikawa, T. Nishimura, S. Kohmoto, and K. Asakawa, “Site-controlled InAs single quantum-dot structures on gaas surfaces patterned by in situ electron-beam lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 167–169 (2000).
[Crossref]

Atatüre, M.

Y.-M. He, Y. He, Y.-J. Wei, D. Wu, M. Atatüre, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “On-demand semiconductor single-photon source with near-unity indistinguishability,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 213–217 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. N. Vamivakas, Y. Zhao, C.-Y. Lu, and M. Atatüre, “Spin-resolved quantum-dot resonance fluorescence,” Nat. Phys. 5, 198–202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ates, S.

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[Crossref]

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P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290, 2282–2285 (2000).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

T. Heindel, C. Schneider, M. Lermer, S. H. Kwon, T. Braun, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, “Electically driven quantum dot-micropillar single photon source with 34% overall efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011107 (2010).
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[Crossref]

C. Schneider, A. Huggenberger, T. Sunner, T. Heindel, M. Strauss, S. Gopfert, P. Weinmann, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single site-controlled In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots: growth, properties and device integration,” Nanotechnology 20, 434012 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Schneider, T. Heindel, A. Huggenberger, P. Weinmann, C. Kistner, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single photon emission from a site-controlled quantum dot-micropillar cavity system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111111 (2009).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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O. Gazzano, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, C. Arnold, A. Nowak, E. Galopin, I. Sagnes, L. Lanco, A. Lemaître, and P. Senellart, “Bright solid-state sources of indistinguishable single photons,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1425 (2013).
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[Crossref]

Z. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. J. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically driven single-photon source,” Science 295, 102–105 (2002).
[Crossref]

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E. Flagg, A. Muller, J. Robertson, S. Founta, D. Deppe, M. Xiao, W. Ma, G. Salamo, and C.-K. Shih, “Resonantly driven coherent oscillations in a solid-state quantum emitter,” Nat. Phys. 5, 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref]

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A. J. Ramsay, A. V. Gopal, E. M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B. W. Lovett, A. M. Fox, and M. S. Skolnick, “Damping of exciton Rabi rotations by acoustic phonons in optically excited InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 017402 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ramsay, T. M. Godden, S. J. Boyle, E. M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B. W. Lovett, A. M. Fox, and M. S. Skolnick, “Phonon-induced Rabi-frequency renormalization of optically driven single InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 177402 (2010).
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E. Waks, K. Inoue, C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile,” Nature 420, 762 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref]

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L. Sapienza, M. Davanco, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Nanoscale optical positioning of single quantum dots for bright and pure single-photon emission,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7833 (2015).
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P. Royo, R. P. Stanley, and M. Ilegems, “Planar dielectric microcavity light-emitting diodes: analytical analysis of the extraction efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 283–293 (2001).
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Z. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. J. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically driven single-photon source,” Science 295, 102–105 (2002).
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F. Albert, S. Stobbe, C. Schneider, T. Heindel, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Lodahl, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Quantum efficiency and oscillator strength of site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 151102 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Johansen, S. Stobbe, I. S. Nikolaev, T. Lund-Hansen, P. T. Kristensen, J. M. Hvam, W. L. Vos, and P. Lodahl, “Size dependence of the wavefunction of self-assembled InAs quantum dots from time-resolved optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 073303 (2008).
[Crossref]

Strauss, M.

C. Schneider, A. Huggenberger, T. Sunner, T. Heindel, M. Strauss, S. Gopfert, P. Weinmann, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single site-controlled In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots: growth, properties and device integration,” Nanotechnology 20, 434012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Strittmatter, A.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Kruger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref]

Strouse, G.

P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, M. Mason, P. Carson, G. Strouse, S. Buratto, W. Schoenfeld, and P. Petroff, “Nonclassical radiation from a single quantum dot,” Phys. Status Solidi B 229, 399–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sunner, T.

C. Schneider, A. Huggenberger, T. Sunner, T. Heindel, M. Strauss, S. Gopfert, P. Weinmann, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single site-controlled In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots: growth, properties and device integration,” Nanotechnology 20, 434012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thoma, A.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Kruger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref]

Togan, E.

W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ulhaq, A.

Ulrich, S. M.

K. D. Jöns, U. Rengstl, M. Oster, F. Hargart, M. Heldmaier, S. Bounouar, S. M. Ulrich, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Monolithic on-chip integration of semiconductor waveguides, beamsplitters and single-photon sources,” J. Phys. D 48, 085101 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. D. Jöns, P. Atkinson, M. Müller, M. Heldmaier, S. M. Ulrich, O. G. Schmidt, and P. Michler, “Triggered indistinguishable single photons with narrow line widths from site-controlled quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 13, 126–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Ulhaq, S. Weiler, C. Roy, S. M. Ulrich, M. Jetter, S. Hughes, and P. Michler, “Detuning-dependent Mollow triplet of a coherently-driven single quantum dot,” Opt. Express 21, 4382–4395 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ates, S. M. Ulrich, S. Reitzenstein, A. Löffler, A. Forchel, and P. Michler, “Post-selected indistinguishable photons from the resonance fluorescence of a single quantum dot in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 167402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vamivakas, A. N.

A. N. Vamivakas, Y. Zhao, C.-Y. Lu, and M. Atatüre, “Spin-resolved quantum-dot resonance fluorescence,” Nat. Phys. 5, 198–202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vos, W. L.

J. Johansen, S. Stobbe, I. S. Nikolaev, T. Lund-Hansen, P. T. Kristensen, J. M. Hvam, W. L. Vos, and P. Lodahl, “Size dependence of the wavefunction of self-assembled InAs quantum dots from time-resolved optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 073303 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vuckovic, J.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile,” Nature 420, 762 (2002).
[Crossref]

Waks, E.

E. Waks, K. Inoue, C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile,” Nature 420, 762 (2002).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

M. H. Baier, S. Watanabe, E. Pelucchi, and E. Kapon, “High uniformity of site-controlled pyramidal quantum dots grown on prepatterned substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1943–1945 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y.-J.

Y.-J. Wei, Y.-M. He, M.-C. Chen, Y.-N. Hu, Y. He, D. Wu, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Deterministic and robust generation of single photons from a single quantum dot with 99.5% indistinguishability using adiabatic rapid passage,” Nano Lett. 14, 6515–6519 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Wei, Y. He, Y.-M. He, C.-Y. Lu, J.-W. Pan, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, D. P. S. McCutcheon, and A. Nazir, “Temperature-dependent Mollow triplet spectra from a single quantum dot: Rabi frequency renormalization and sideband linewidth insensitivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 097401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-M. He, Y. He, Y.-J. Wei, D. Wu, M. Atatüre, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “On-demand semiconductor single-photon source with near-unity indistinguishability,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 213–217 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weier, H.

T. Heindel, C. A. Kessler, M. Rau, C. Schneider, M. Fürst, F. Hargart, W.-M. Schulz, M. Eichfelder, R. Rossbach, S. Nauerth, M. Lermer, H. Weier, M. Jetter, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Michler, H. Weinfurter, and A. Forchel, “Quantum key distribution using quantum dot single-photon emitting diodes in the red and near infrared spectral range,” New J. Phys. 14, 083001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weiler, S.

Weinfurter, H.

T. Heindel, C. A. Kessler, M. Rau, C. Schneider, M. Fürst, F. Hargart, W.-M. Schulz, M. Eichfelder, R. Rossbach, S. Nauerth, M. Lermer, H. Weier, M. Jetter, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Michler, H. Weinfurter, and A. Forchel, “Quantum key distribution using quantum dot single-photon emitting diodes in the red and near infrared spectral range,” New J. Phys. 14, 083001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weinmann, P.

C. Schneider, T. Heindel, A. Huggenberger, P. Weinmann, C. Kistner, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single photon emission from a site-controlled quantum dot-micropillar cavity system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111111 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Schneider, A. Huggenberger, T. Sunner, T. Heindel, M. Strauss, S. Gopfert, P. Weinmann, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single site-controlled In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots: growth, properties and device integration,” Nanotechnology 20, 434012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wohlfeil, B.

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Kruger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref]

Worschech, L.

F. Albert, S. Stobbe, C. Schneider, T. Heindel, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Lodahl, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Quantum efficiency and oscillator strength of site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 151102 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Schneider, A. Huggenberger, T. Sunner, T. Heindel, M. Strauss, S. Gopfert, P. Weinmann, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single site-controlled In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots: growth, properties and device integration,” Nanotechnology 20, 434012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

Y.-J. Wei, Y.-M. He, M.-C. Chen, Y.-N. Hu, Y. He, D. Wu, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Deterministic and robust generation of single photons from a single quantum dot with 99.5% indistinguishability using adiabatic rapid passage,” Nano Lett. 14, 6515–6519 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-M. He, Y. He, Y.-J. Wei, D. Wu, M. Atatüre, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “On-demand semiconductor single-photon source with near-unity indistinguishability,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 213–217 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

E. Flagg, A. Muller, J. Robertson, S. Founta, D. Deppe, M. Xiao, W. Ma, G. Salamo, and C.-K. Shih, “Resonantly driven coherent oscillations in a solid-state quantum emitter,” Nat. Phys. 5, 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Press, T. D. Ladd, B. Zhang, and Y. Yamamoto, “Complete quantum control of a single quantum dot spin using ultrafast optical pulses,” Nature 456, 218–221 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile,” Nature 420, 762 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yao, P.

P. Yao, V. S. C. M. Rao, and S. Hughes, “On-chip single photon sources using planar photonic crystals and single quantum dots,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 499–516 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Z.

Z. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. J. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically driven single-photon source,” Science 295, 102–105 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

D. Press, T. D. Ladd, B. Zhang, and Y. Yamamoto, “Complete quantum control of a single quantum dot spin using ultrafast optical pulses,” Nature 456, 218–221 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290, 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

A. N. Vamivakas, Y. Zhao, C.-Y. Lu, and M. Atatüre, “Spin-resolved quantum-dot resonance fluorescence,” Nat. Phys. 5, 198–202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

T. Heindel, C. Schneider, M. Lermer, S. H. Kwon, T. Braun, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, “Electically driven quantum dot-micropillar single photon source with 34% overall efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 011107 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Baier, S. Watanabe, E. Pelucchi, and E. Kapon, “High uniformity of site-controlled pyramidal quantum dots grown on prepatterned substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1943–1945 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Schneider, T. Heindel, A. Huggenberger, P. Weinmann, C. Kistner, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single photon emission from a site-controlled quantum dot-micropillar cavity system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 111111 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Ishikawa, T. Nishimura, S. Kohmoto, and K. Asakawa, “Site-controlled InAs single quantum-dot structures on gaas surfaces patterned by in situ electron-beam lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 167–169 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Albert, S. Stobbe, C. Schneider, T. Heindel, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Lodahl, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Quantum efficiency and oscillator strength of site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 151102 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Royo, R. P. Stanley, and M. Ilegems, “Planar dielectric microcavity light-emitting diodes: analytical analysis of the extraction efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 283–293 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

K. D. Jöns, U. Rengstl, M. Oster, F. Hargart, M. Heldmaier, S. Bounouar, S. M. Ulrich, M. Jetter, and P. Michler, “Monolithic on-chip integration of semiconductor waveguides, beamsplitters and single-photon sources,” J. Phys. D 48, 085101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

P. Yao, V. S. C. M. Rao, and S. Hughes, “On-chip single photon sources using planar photonic crystals and single quantum dots,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 499–516 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

Y.-J. Wei, Y.-M. He, M.-C. Chen, Y.-N. Hu, Y. He, D. Wu, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “Deterministic and robust generation of single photons from a single quantum dot with 99.5% indistinguishability using adiabatic rapid passage,” Nano Lett. 14, 6515–6519 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. D. Jöns, P. Atkinson, M. Müller, M. Heldmaier, S. M. Ulrich, O. G. Schmidt, and P. Michler, “Triggered indistinguishable single photons with narrow line widths from site-controlled quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 13, 126–130 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

C. Schneider, A. Huggenberger, T. Sunner, T. Heindel, M. Strauss, S. Gopfert, P. Weinmann, S. Reitzenstein, L. Worschech, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Single site-controlled In(Ga)As/GaAs quantum dots: growth, properties and device integration,” Nanotechnology 20, 434012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

O. Gazzano, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos, C. Arnold, A. Nowak, E. Galopin, I. Sagnes, L. Lanco, A. Lemaître, and P. Senellart, “Bright solid-state sources of indistinguishable single photons,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1425 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Gschrey, A. Thoma, P. Schnauber, M. Seifried, R. Schmidt, B. Wohlfeil, L. Kruger, J. H. Schulze, T. Heindel, S. Burger, F. Schmidt, A. Strittmatter, S. Rodt, and S. Reitzenstein, “Highly indistinguishable photons from deterministic quantum-dot microlenses utilizing three-dimensional in situ electron-beam lithography,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7662 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Sapienza, M. Davanco, A. Badolato, and K. Srinivasan, “Nanoscale optical positioning of single quantum dots for bright and pure single-photon emission,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

Y.-M. He, Y. He, Y.-J. Wei, D. Wu, M. Atatüre, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, C.-Y. Lu, and J.-W. Pan, “On-demand semiconductor single-photon source with near-unity indistinguishability,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8, 213–217 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. Juska, V. Dimastrodonato, L. O. Mereni, A. Gocalinska, and E. Pelucchi, “Towards quantum-dot arrays of entangled photon emitters,” Nat. Photonics 7, 527–531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

E. Flagg, A. Muller, J. Robertson, S. Founta, D. Deppe, M. Xiao, W. Ma, G. Salamo, and C.-K. Shih, “Resonantly driven coherent oscillations in a solid-state quantum emitter,” Nat. Phys. 5, 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. N. Vamivakas, Y. Zhao, C.-Y. Lu, and M. Atatüre, “Spin-resolved quantum-dot resonance fluorescence,” Nat. Phys. 5, 198–202 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (5)

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref]

E. Waks, K. Inoue, C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile,” Nature 420, 762 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. De Greve, L. Yu, P. L. McMahon, J. S. Pelc, C. M. Natarajan, N. Y. Kim, E. Abe, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum-dot spin-photon entanglement via frequency downconversion to telecom wavelength,” Nature 491, 421–425 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. B. Gao, P. Fallahi, E. Togan, J. Miguel-Sanchez, and A. Imamoglu, “Observation of entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a single photon,” Nature 491, 426–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Press, T. D. Ladd, B. Zhang, and Y. Yamamoto, “Complete quantum control of a single quantum dot spin using ultrafast optical pulses,” Nature 456, 218–221 (2008).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (3)

T. Heindel, C. A. Kessler, M. Rau, C. Schneider, M. Fürst, F. Hargart, W.-M. Schulz, M. Eichfelder, R. Rossbach, S. Nauerth, M. Lermer, H. Weier, M. Jetter, M. Kamp, S. Reitzenstein, S. Höfling, P. Michler, H. Weinfurter, and A. Forchel, “Quantum key distribution using quantum dot single-photon emitting diodes in the red and near infrared spectral range,” New J. Phys. 14, 083001 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, S. J. Dewhurst, C. A. Nicoll, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, “Cavity-enhanced radiative emission rate in a single-photon-emitting diode operating at 0.5 GHz,” New J. Phys. 10, 043035 (2008).
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D. P. S. McCutcheon and A. Nazir, “Quantum dot Rabi rotations beyond the weak exciton-phonon coupling regime,” New J. Phys. 12, 113042 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Musiał, P. Gold, J. Andrzejewski, A. Löffler, J. Misiewicz, S. Höfling, A. Forchel, M. Kamp, G. Sek, and S. Reitzenstein, “Toward weak confinement regime in epitaxial nanostructures: interdependence of spatial character of quantum confinement and wave function extension in large and elongated quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 90, 045430 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Johansen, S. Stobbe, I. S. Nikolaev, T. Lund-Hansen, P. T. Kristensen, J. M. Hvam, W. L. Vos, and P. Lodahl, “Size dependence of the wavefunction of self-assembled InAs quantum dots from time-resolved optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 073303 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

S. Ates, S. M. Ulrich, S. Reitzenstein, A. Löffler, A. Forchel, and P. Michler, “Post-selected indistinguishable photons from the resonance fluorescence of a single quantum dot in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 167402 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y.-J. Wei, Y. He, Y.-M. He, C.-Y. Lu, J.-W. Pan, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, D. P. S. McCutcheon, and A. Nazir, “Temperature-dependent Mollow triplet spectra from a single quantum dot: Rabi frequency renormalization and sideband linewidth insensitivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 097401 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. P. S. McCutcheon and A. Nazir, “Model of the optical emission of a driven semiconductor quantum dot: phonon-enhanced coherent scattering and off-resonant sideband narrowing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 217401 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ramsay, T. M. Godden, S. J. Boyle, E. M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B. W. Lovett, A. M. Fox, and M. S. Skolnick, “Phonon-induced Rabi-frequency renormalization of optically driven single InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 177402 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ramsay, A. V. Gopal, E. M. Gauger, A. Nazir, B. W. Lovett, A. M. Fox, and M. S. Skolnick, “Damping of exciton Rabi rotations by acoustic phonons in optically excited InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 017402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

P. Michler, A. Imamoglu, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, M. Mason, P. Carson, G. Strouse, S. Buratto, W. Schoenfeld, and P. Petroff, “Nonclassical radiation from a single quantum dot,” Phys. Status Solidi B 229, 399–405 (2002).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

Z. Yuan, B. E. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. J. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, “Electrically driven single-photon source,” Science 295, 102–105 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device,” Science 290, 2282–2285 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. J. Carmichael, Statistical Methods in Quantum Optics (Springer, 1998).

D. P. S. McCutcheon, “Optical signatures of non-Markovian behaviour in open quantum systems,” arXiv:1504.05970 (2015).

O. G. Schmidt, Lateral Aligment of Epitaxial Quantum Dots (Springer Verlag, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic drawing of the sample structure showing the lower DBR and the λ-thick spacer with embedded SCQDs. (b) Detailed layer sequence with two quantum dot layers and the 35 nm thick GaAs separation layer in between. (c) SEM image of SCQDs on an uncapped calibration sample. (d) μPL-map of a 14μm×14  μm area. The bright spots are SCQDs that are located on a 2 μm grid that was predefined by nanoholes. The blue grid serves as a guide to the eye; the red arrow indicates the SCQD that is subject to the in-depth study.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Second-order autocorrelation function for pulsed nonresonant excitation and a sample temperature of T=6.8K. We extract a g(2)(0) value of g(2)(0)=0.39±0.02. (b) Resonance fluorescence (RF) spectrum of a SCQD for a pump power of P=746nW at T=5K. The triplet peak structure is a signature of coherent coupling between the quantum dot exciton and the laser field.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Rabi splitting as a function of the square root of the pump power at T=5K. A clear linear increase is observed with effective dipole moment of κ=±(5.04±0.01)μeVμW. (b) Linewidth of the Mollow sidepeaks as a function of the Rabi frequency. A linear trend is consistent with Eq. (7), suggesting dephasing caused by coupling to LA phonons.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Change in the Mollow sideband widths with squared Rabi frequency as a function of temperature. The lines show a fitting to the exciton–phonon coupling model. (b) Gradient of the renormalized Rabi splitting with increasing pump power versus the temperature. We observe a notable increase for temperatures exceeding 15 K, which is attributed to a localization effect of the excitonic wave function for low temperatures.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Quantum dot spectrum under pulsed resonant excitation and for a sample temperature of T=5.8K. The fit is a double Gaussian function for the dot emission and the remaining laser background. (b) Integrated intensity of the quantum dot emission as a function of the square root of the pump power. The intensity is obtained from fitting the single spectra. The solid line is a fit to theory including coupling to phonons.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α˙x=Γ2αx,
α˙y=Γ2αyΩrαz,
α˙z=Γ1αz+ΩrαzΓ1,
Ωr=μE0R(=κP),
R=exp[120dωJ(ω)ω2coth(ω/2kBT)].
γPD=(π/2)J(Ωr)coth(Ωr/2kBT),
γPD=παkBTΩr2(=χΩr2),
Δω=32Γ1+γPD+γ0.

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