Abstract

Polarization controllers are key elements in many fields of optics, including coherent communications, optical imaging, and quantum applications. Here we present a technology-independent polarization controller scheme based on electrically tunable phase shifters and polarization rotators with largely relaxed fabrication tolerances. Using this scheme, we experimentally demonstrate a fully integrated polarization controller in the silicon-on-insulator platform that is tunable over the complete C-band and achieves a polarization extinction range of 40 dB (±20dB). These results constitute, to the best of our knowledge, the highest polarization extinction range achieved in a fully integrated device, and overcome the existing limitation in the trade-off between integration and performance in polarization management circuits.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  4. X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2015 (1)

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.5  μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9, 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

D. C. Hutchings and B. M. Holmes, “A waveguide polarization toolset design based on mode beating,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 450–461 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and J. E. Bowers, “Novel concept for ultracompact polarization splitter-rotator based on silicon nanowires,” Opt. Express 19, 10940–10949 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2001 (2)

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Moller, “WDM polarization controller in PLC technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 585–587 (2001).
[Crossref]

Aleali, A.

Alonso-Ramos, C.

Andre, P.

C. Vicente, P. Lima, V. de Zea Bermudez, L. Carlos, P. Andre, and R. Ferreira, “Polarization state control using thermo-optic effect in organic-inorganic hybrid waveguides,” in 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2014).

Aníbal-Fernández, F.

Anisimova, E.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arellano, C.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Bach, H.-G.

Backman, V.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

Badizadegan, K.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

Barros, D. J.

Barwicz, T.

Beeckman, J.

Bigo, S.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Bock, P. J.

Bowers, J. E.

Calvo, M. L.

Carlos, L.

C. Vicente, P. Lima, V. de Zea Bermudez, L. Carlos, P. Andre, and R. Ferreira, “Polarization state control using thermo-optic effect in organic-inorganic hybrid waveguides,” in 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2014).

Cheben, P.

Chen, L.

Q. Xu, L. Chen, M. G. Wood, P. Sun, and R. M. Reano, “Electrically tunable optical polarization rotation on a silicon chip using Berry’s phase,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5337 (2014).

Chimot, N.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Chu, W.-S.

Corrielli, G.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Crespi, A.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dai, D.

Dasari, R. R.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

de Valicourt, G.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

de Zea Bermudez, V.

C. Vicente, P. Lima, V. de Zea Bermudez, L. Carlos, P. Andre, and R. Ferreira, “Polarization state control using thermo-optic effect in organic-inorganic hybrid waveguides,” in 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2014).

De-Cort, W.

Densmore, A.

Ding, L.

Feld, M. S.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, R.

C. Vicente, P. Lima, V. de Zea Bermudez, L. Carlos, P. Andre, and R. Ferreira, “Polarization state control using thermo-optic effect in organic-inorganic hybrid waveguides,” in 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2014).

Georgakoudi, I.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

Geremia, R.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gurjar, R. S.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

Halir, R.

Herbst, T.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Holmes, B. M.

D. C. Hutchings and B. M. Holmes, “A waveguide polarization toolset design based on mode beating,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 450–461 (2011).
[Crossref]

Honecker, J.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Huang, Y.

Hutchings, D. C.

D. C. Hutchings and B. M. Holmes, “A waveguide polarization toolset design based on mode beating,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 450–461 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, M.

Ip, E.

Itzkan, I.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

James, R.

Janiak, K.

Janz, S.

Jennevé, P.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Jennewein, T.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kahn, J. M.

Kazmierski, C.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Kim, J.-W.

Kofler, J.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kropatschek, S.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lamontagne, B.

Lapointe, J.

Lau, A. P. T.

Leroux, X.

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

Lima, P.

C. Vicente, P. Lima, V. de Zea Bermudez, L. Carlos, P. Andre, and R. Ferreira, “Polarization state control using thermo-optic effect in organic-inorganic hybrid waveguides,” in 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2014).

Lo, G.-Q.

Ma, R.

Ma, X.-S.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Makarov, V.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mardoyan, H.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Marris-Morini, D.

C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, A. Ortega-Moñux, P. Cheben, L. Vivien, Í. Molina-Fernández, D. Marris-Morini, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, and J. Schmid, “Highly tolerant tunable waveguide polarization rotator scheme,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3534–3536 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

Mataloni, P.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mech, A.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Menon, R.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.5  μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9, 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mestre, M. A.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Mikkelsen, J. C.

Molina-Fernandez, I.

D. Perez-Galacho, R. Zhang, A. Ortega-Moñux, R. Halir, C. Alonso-Ramos, P. Runge, K. Janiak, G. Zhou, H.-G. Bach, A. Steffan, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Integrated polarization beam splitter for 100/400 GE polarization multiplexed coherent optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 361–368 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Molina-Fernandez, Í.

Molina-Fernández, I.

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

Molina-Fernández, Í.

Moller, L.

L. Moller, “WDM polarization controller in PLC technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 585–587 (2001).
[Crossref]

Naylor, W.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Neyts, K.

Oh, M.-C.

Ortega-Moñux, A.

D. Perez-Galacho, R. Zhang, A. Ortega-Moñux, R. Halir, C. Alonso-Ramos, P. Runge, K. Janiak, G. Zhou, H.-G. Bach, A. Steffan, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Integrated polarization beam splitter for 100/400 GE polarization multiplexed coherent optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 361–368 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, A. Ortega-Moñux, P. Cheben, L. Vivien, Í. Molina-Fernández, D. Marris-Morini, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, and J. Schmid, “Highly tolerant tunable waveguide polarization rotator scheme,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3534–3536 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Velasco, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, J. H. Schmid, C. Alonso-Ramos, Í. Molina-Fernandez, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, S. Janz, and D.-X. Xu, “Ultracompact polarization converter with a dual subwavelength trench built in a silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 37, 365–367 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Osellame, R.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pardo, O. B.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Park, S.-H.

Perelman, L. T.

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

Perez-Galacho, D.

Polson, R.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.5  μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9, 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Poon, J. K.

Ramponi, R.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reano, R. M.

Q. Xu, L. Chen, M. G. Wood, P. Sun, and R. M. Reano, “Electrically tunable optical polarization rotation on a silicon chip using Berry’s phase,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5337 (2014).

Richter, A.

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Runge, P.

D. Perez-Galacho, R. Zhang, A. Ortega-Moñux, R. Halir, C. Alonso-Ramos, P. Runge, K. Janiak, G. Zhou, H.-G. Bach, A. Steffan, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Integrated polarization beam splitter for 100/400 GE polarization multiplexed coherent optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 361–368 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Sacher, W. D.

Sansoni, L.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Santinelli, A.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sarmiento-Merenguel, J.

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

Scheidl, T.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmid, J.

C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, A. Ortega-Moñux, P. Cheben, L. Vivien, Í. Molina-Fernández, D. Marris-Morini, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, and J. Schmid, “Highly tolerant tunable waveguide polarization rotator scheme,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3534–3536 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

Schmid, J. H.

Sciarrino, F.

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, B.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.5  μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9, 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steffan, A.

D. Perez-Galacho, R. Zhang, A. Ortega-Moñux, R. Halir, C. Alonso-Ramos, P. Runge, K. Janiak, G. Zhou, H.-G. Bach, A. Steffan, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Integrated polarization beam splitter for 100/400 GE polarization multiplexed coherent optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 361–368 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Sun, P.

Q. Xu, L. Chen, M. G. Wood, P. Sun, and R. M. Reano, “Electrically tunable optical polarization rotation on a silicon chip using Berry’s phase,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5337 (2014).

Taylor, B. J.

Ursin, R.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vachon, M.

Vanbrabant, P.

Velasco, A. V.

Vicente, C.

C. Vicente, P. Lima, V. de Zea Bermudez, L. Carlos, P. Andre, and R. Ferreira, “Polarization state control using thermo-optic effect in organic-inorganic hybrid waveguides,” in 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2014).

Vivien, L.

C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, A. Ortega-Moñux, P. Cheben, L. Vivien, Í. Molina-Fernández, D. Marris-Morini, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, and J. Schmid, “Highly tolerant tunable waveguide polarization rotator scheme,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3534–3536 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

Wang, D.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.5  μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9, 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wittmann, B.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wood, M. G.

Q. Xu, L. Chen, M. G. Wood, P. Sun, and R. M. Reano, “Electrically tunable optical polarization rotation on a silicon chip using Berry’s phase,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5337 (2014).

Xu, D.-X.

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, L. Chen, M. G. Wood, P. Sun, and R. M. Reano, “Electrically tunable optical polarization rotation on a silicon chip using Berry’s phase,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5337 (2014).

Ye, W. N.

Zeilinger, A.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

D. Perez-Galacho, R. Zhang, A. Ortega-Moñux, R. Halir, C. Alonso-Ramos, P. Runge, K. Janiak, G. Zhou, H.-G. Bach, A. Steffan, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Integrated polarization beam splitter for 100/400 GE polarization multiplexed coherent optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 361–368 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

Zhou, G.

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

D. C. Hutchings and B. M. Holmes, “A waveguide polarization toolset design based on mode beating,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 450–461 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Moller, “WDM polarization controller in PLC technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 585–587 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nat. Commun. (2)

G. Corrielli, A. Crespi, R. Geremia, R. Ramponi, L. Sansoni, A. Santinelli, P. Mataloni, F. Sciarrino, and R. Osellame, “Rotated waveplates in integrated waveguide optics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4249 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Xu, L. Chen, M. G. Wood, P. Sun, and R. M. Reano, “Electrically tunable optical polarization rotation on a silicon chip using Berry’s phase,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5337 (2014).

Nat. Med. (1)

R. S. Gurjar, V. Backman, L. T. Perelman, I. Georgakoudi, K. Badizadegan, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Imaging human epithelial properties with polarized light-scattering spectroscopy,” Nat. Med. 7, 1245–1248 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Shen, P. Wang, R. Polson, and R. Menon, “An integrated-nanophotonics polarization beamsplitter with 2.4 × 2.5  μm2 footprint,” Nat. Photonics 9, 378–382 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

C. Vicente, P. Lima, V. de Zea Bermudez, L. Carlos, P. Andre, and R. Ferreira, “Polarization state control using thermo-optic effect in organic-inorganic hybrid waveguides,” in 16th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (IEEE, 2014).

H. Mardoyan, O. B. Pardo, P. Jennevé, G. de Valicourt, M. A. Mestre, S. Bigo, C. Kazmierski, N. Chimot, A. Steffan, J. Honecker, R. Zhang, P. Runge, A. Richter, C. Arellano, A. Ortega-Moñux, and I. Molina-Fernandez, “Pic-to-pic experiment at 130  Gb/s based on a monolithic transmitter using switching of prefixed optical phases and a monolithic coherent receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference: Postdeadline Papers (2014), paper Th5C.2.

J. Sarmiento-Merenguel, C. Alonso-Ramos, R. Halir, L. Vivien, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, I. Molina-Fernández, X. Leroux, D. Marris-Morini, D.-X. Xu, J. Schmid, and S. Janz, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization controller with relaxed fabrication tolerances,” in 11th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2014), pp. 87–88.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) The proposed polarization controller consists of three PRs (etched waveguide sections) and three tunable polarization phase shifters (implemented here with waveguide heaters). Even with highly imperfect PRs, complete polarization control is feasible. (b) Scanning electron microscope image of waveguide and heater pads (top view) and (c) the PRs (cross section).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Evolution of state of polarization throughout the device. The input state of polarization is horizontal (point A), and the output state of polarization is right-handed circular (point G). The blue dotted lines correspond to PRs, whereas red lines correspond to tunable polarization phase shifters. The points named A through G correspond with the planes A through G in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Dashed lines: polarization phase shift, Δρ, of a single TPPS as a function of its length for different maximum temperature increases, ΔTmax, obtained from Eq. (2). Solid line: estimated bandwidth of the complete polarization controller as a function of the length of the TPPS.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Simulated PER at the output of the polarization controller as a function of the phase shifts introduced in the two first TPPSs, when horizontally polarized light is launched into the device at λ=1.55μm. (b) Measured PER compared to the simulated PER corresponding to the path shown in (a). There was no measurable variation of PER in the Δρ2[0.852.3] range.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Measured polarization state as an increasing voltage is applied at the third heater (V3), showing that any polarization phase (ρ) can be generated. The blue trace is obtained from the measured data points (green trace) by projection on the surface of the Poincaré sphere.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Measured PER when horizontally polarized light is launched into the device. Tuning of the integrated polarization controller provides a PER range of 40dB at any C-band wavelength, even with individual rotators that exhibit a variable PER. The shaded area corresponds to condition (1).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

4.7dB<PER<4.7dB.
ρ=2πLTPPSλ[(neffTEneffTM)+ΔT(dneffTEdTdneffTMdT)].

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