Abstract

We have developed an on-line spectrometer for hard x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) radiation based on a nanostructured diamond diffraction grating and a bent crystal analyzer. Our method provides high spectral resolution, interferes negligibly with the XFEL beam, and can withstand the intense hard x-ray pulses at high repetition rates of >100Hz. The spectrometer is capable of providing shot-to-shot spectral information for the normalization of data obtained in scientific experiments and optimization of the accelerator operation parameters. We have demonstrated these capabilities of the setup at the Linac Coherent Light Source, in self-amplified spontaneous emission mode at full energy of >1mJ with a 120 Hz repetition rate, obtaining a resolving power of E/δE>3×104. The device was also used to monitor the effects of pulse duration down to 8 fs by analysis of the spectral spike width.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Statistical properties of the radiation from SASE FEL operating in the linear regime,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 407, 291 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
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  7. Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
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  8. T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
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  9. D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).
  16. J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, 2006), p. 10.
  17. J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).
  18. A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Statistical properties of the radiation from SASE FEL operating in the linear regime,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 407, 291 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abbey, B.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Agustsson, R. B.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Akre, R.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alesini, D.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Alonso-Mori, R.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arthur, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bane, K.

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barrett, R.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bergmann, U.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, D.

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Beye, M.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bhattacharya, A.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bionta, R.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bonfigt, S.

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bostedt, C.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boucher, S.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Bozek, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brachmann, A.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bunk, O.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cadenazzi, G.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cammarata, M.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chalupský, J.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chollet, M.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coffee, R.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cornacchia, M.

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

David, C.

P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Decker, F.-J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Diels, J.-C.

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, 2006), p. 10.

Ding, Y.

A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

Dowell, D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Edstrom, S.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eisebitt, S.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Emma, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

England, J.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

England, R. J.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Färm, E.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Feldkamp, J.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feldkamp, J. M.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fernández-Perea, M.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fisher, A.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Frigola, P.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Frisch, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fritz, D. M.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Galayda, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gerken, N.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gilevich, S.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Glownia, J. M.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gorelick, S.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Greiffenberg, D.

Grünert, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guzenko, V. A.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
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W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
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P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
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Hastings, J.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
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M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
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D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
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Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
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W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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Hays, G.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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Heimann, P.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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Hering, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
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Holmes, M.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
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T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
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Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
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Ishikawa, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
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M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
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P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
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Jahn, L.

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
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W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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Kameshima, T.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
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Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
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Karvinen, P.

Katayama, T.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
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Kelez, N.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
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Klumpp, S.

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
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R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
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Krupin, O.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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Krzywinski, J.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
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A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
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P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
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C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
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P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
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Kurahashi, N.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, W. S.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lemke, H. T.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Loos, H.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

Lüning, J.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lutman, A.

Lutman, A. A.

A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mancuso, A. P.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martins, M.

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
[Crossref]

Matsuyama, S.

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Menzel, A.

Messerschmidt, M.

A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

Miahnahri, A.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mimura, H.

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Misawa, K.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moeller, S.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mozzanica, A.

Murokh, A. Y.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Nilsson, A. R.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nordlund, D.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nugent, K. A.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nuhn, H.-D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Obara, Y.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ogi, Y.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Perea, M. F.

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pile, G.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ratner, D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ritala, M.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Robert, A.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rosenzweig, J. B.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Rowen, M.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rudolph, W.

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, 2006), p. 10.

Rutishauser, S.

P. Karvinen, S. Rutishauser, A. Mozzanica, D. Greiffenberg, P. N. Juranić, A. Menzel, A. Lutman, J. Krzywinski, D. M. Fritz, H. T. Lemke, M. Cammarata, and C. David, “Single-shot analysis of hard x-ray laser radiation using a noninvasive grating spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5073 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rzepiela, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Saldin, E. L.

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Statistical properties of the radiation from SASE FEL operating in the linear regime,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 407, 291 (1998).
[Crossref]

Samoylova, L.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schaffert, S.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Scherz, A.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schlarb, H.

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schlotter, W. F.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schneidmiller, E.

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

Schneidmiller, E. A.

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Statistical properties of the radiation from SASE FEL operating in the linear regime,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 407, 291 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schultz, D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sikorski, M.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Singer, A.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sinn, H.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Smith, T.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sokaras, D.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, S.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sorgenfrei, F.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Soufli, R.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stefan, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stupakov, G.

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, H.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, T.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tiedtke, K.

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
[Crossref]

Togashi, T.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

Togawa, K.

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tompkins, H.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tono, K.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

Travish, G.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Turner, J.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. L.

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vartanyants, I. A.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Viefhaus, J.

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vila-Comamala, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Walz, D.

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

Welch, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weng, T.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

White, W.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

Wurth, W.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yabashi, M.

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yakimenko, V.

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

Yamauchi, K.

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yefanov, O.

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yocky, G.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yumoto, H.

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yurkov, M.

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

Yurkov, M. V.

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Statistical properties of the radiation from SASE FEL operating in the linear regime,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 407, 291 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zhu, D.

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zolotorev, M. S.

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Katayama, Y. Inubushi, Y. Obara, T. Sato, T. Togashi, K. Tono, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, A. Bhattacharya, Y. Ogi, N. Kurahashi, K. Misawa, T. Suzuki, and M. Yabashi, “Femtosecond x-ray absorption spectroscopy with hard x-ray free electron laser,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 131105 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. M. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. B. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. L. Turner, and Y. Feng, “A single-shot transmissive spectrometer for hard x-ray free electron lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 034103 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Instrum. (1)

P. N. Juranić, M. Martins, J. Viefhaus, S. Bonfigt, L. Jahn, M. Ilchen, S. Klumpp, and K. Tiedtke, “Using I-TOF spectrometry to measure photon energies at FELs,” J. Instrum. 4, P09011 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

D. Zhu, M. Cammarata, J. Feldkamp, D. M. Fritz, J. Hastings, S. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, J. Turner, and Y. Feng, “Design and operation of a hard x-ray transmissive single-shot spectrometer at LCLS,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425, 052033 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (1)

R. Alonso-Mori, D. Sokaras, D. Zhu, T. Kroll, M. Chollet, Y. Feng, J. M. Glownia, J. Kern, H. T. Lemke, D. Nordlund, A. Robert, M. Sikorski, S. Song, T. Weng, and U. Bergmann, “Photon-in photon-out hard x-ray spectroscopy at the Linac Coherent Light Source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22, 612 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hasting, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an Ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. V. Yurkov, “Statistical properties of the radiation from SASE FEL operating in the linear regime,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 407, 291 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. Emma, K. Bane, M. Cornacchia, Z. Huang, H. Schlarb, G. Stupakov, and D. Walz, “Femtosecond and subfemtosecond x-ray pulses from a self-amplified spontaneous-emission-based free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 074801 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Yabashi, J. Hastings, M. S. Zolotorev, H. Mimura, H. Yumoto, S. Matsuyama, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Single-shot spectrometry for x-ray free-electron lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 084802 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Inubushi, K. Tono, T. Togashi, T. Sato, T. Hatsui, T. Kameshima, K. Togawa, T. Hara, T. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, and M. Yabashi, “Determination of the pulse duration of an x-ray free electron laser using highly resolved single-shot spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 144801 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (1)

A. A. Lutman, Y. Ding, Y. Feng, Z. Huang, M. Messerschmidt, J. Wu, and J. Krzywinski, “Femtosecond x-ray free electron laser pulse duration measurement from spectral correlation function,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 15, 030705 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, M. Rowen, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. Messerschmidt, S. Moeller, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernández-Perea, N. Kelez, S. Lee, R. Coffee, G. Hays, M. Beye, N. Gerken, F. Sorgenfrei, S. Hau-Riege, L. Juha, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, A. P. Mancuso, A. Singer, O. Yefanov, I. A. Vartanyants, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, H. Sinn, J. Lüning, S. Schaffert, S. Eisebitt, W. S. Lee, A. Scherz, A. R. Nilsson, and W. Wurth, “The soft x-ray instrument for materials studies at the linac coherent light source x-ray free-electron laser,”Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043107 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Heimann, O. Krupin, W. F. Schlotter, J. Turner, J. Krzywinski, F. Sorgenfrei, M. Messerschmidt, D. Bernstein, J. Chalupský, V. Hájková, S. Hau-Riege, M. Holmes, L. Juha, N. Kelez, J. Lüning, D. Nordlund, M. F. Perea, A. Scherz, R. Soufli, W. Wurth, and M. Rowen, “Linac coherent light source soft x-ray materials science instrument optical design and monochromator commissioning,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Färm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Grünert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

A. Y. Murokh, R. B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, P. Frigola, D. Alesini, R. J. England, J. B. Rosenzweig, J. England, G. Travish, and V. Yakimenko, “Design and fabrication of an x-band traveling wave deflection mode cavity for longitudinal characterization of ultra-short electron beam pulses,” in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference, Genoa, Italy (2008).

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, 2006), p. 10.

J. Wu, Y. Ding, P. Emma, Z. Huang, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, E. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “LCLS x-ray pulse duration measurement using the statistical fluctuation method,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Free-Electron Laser Conference, Malmö, Sweden (2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic drawings of the setup concepts for hard x-ray single-shot spectrometers using (a) a focusing mirror with a flat crystal analyser [6], (b) a bent crystal analyzer [9], and (c) a focusing grating [10].
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Schematic drawing of the experimental setup described in this Article. (b) Schematic drawing of the beam dispersion from the bent crystal.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Beam profiles recorded at 8.26 keV photon energy: (a) Beam profile at the crystal analyzer position. The separation of the 0th- and 1st-order diffraction beams is Δy3mm. (b) Direct beam with the slits at 200m downstream of the spectrometer with and without the beam splitter grating in the beam.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Typical single-shot spectra from the Si(333) and the Si(220) spectrometers. (b) Projections of the same shot from the Si(333) spectrometer (blue), the Si(333) spectrum after smoothening (red), and from the Si(220) spectrometer (black). The spectrum from the Si(220) reflection has similar overall features and intensity distribution, but the resolution is lower. (c) Detail of the same spectra. SASE spikes separated by 0.3eV were clearly resolved by the Si(333) spectrometer.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Typical spectra obtained with the Si(333) spectrometer at 8.38 keV at various pulse lengths. The duration was controlled with the slotted foil method. Examples of a Gaussian fit (red) are shown for each spectrum to highlight that the spike width increases significantly with decreasing pulse length.

Equations (2)

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ΔymλDd,
ΔEE=cotθBHRsinθB,

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