Abstract

Soliton explosions are among the most exotic dissipative phenomena studied in mode-locked lasers. In this regime, a dissipative soliton circulating in the laser cavity experiences an abrupt structural collapse, but within a few roundtrips returns to its original quasi-stable state. In this Letter, we report on the first observation, to the best of our knowledge, of such events in a fiber laser. Specifically, we identify clear explosion signatures in measurements of shot-to-shot spectra of a Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser that is operating in a transition regime between stable and noise-like emission. The comparatively long, all-normal-dispersion cavity used in our experiments also permits direct time-domain measurements, and we show that the explosions manifest themselves as abrupt temporal shifts in the output pulse train. Our experimental results are in good agreement with realistic numerical simulations based on an iterative cavity map.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

K. Goda, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 7, 102 (2013).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Xu, F. W. Wise, Nat. Photonics 7, 875 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Cartes, O. Descalzi, H. R. Brand, Phys. Rev. E 85, 015205(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, A. Ivanenko, Opt. Express 20, 27447 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Erkintalo, C. Aguergaray, A. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Express 20, 22669 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, G. Town, Phys. Rev. E 63, 056602 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937 (2000).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

Aguergaray, C.

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, G. Town, Phys. Rev. E 63, 056602 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, N. Akhmediev, inNonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper NM3A.6.

Ankiewicz, A.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bale, B. G.

Brand, H. R.

C. Cartes, O. Descalzi, H. R. Brand, Phys. Rev. E 85, 015205(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Buckley, J.

Cartes, C.

C. Cartes, O. Descalzi, H. R. Brand, Phys. Rev. E 85, 015205(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.

W. Chang, N. Akhmediev, inNonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper NM3A.6.

Chong, A.

Chou, J.

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

Descalzi, O.

C. Cartes, O. Descalzi, H. R. Brand, Phys. Rev. E 85, 015205(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

Dias, F.

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, Nat. Photonics 8, 755 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, Nat. Photonics 8, 755 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Erkintalo, M.

Fermann, M. E.

Ferreira, M. F. S.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, Nat. Photonics 8, 755 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

K. Goda, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 7, 102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haberl, F.

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Ivanenko, A.

Jalali, B.

K. Goda, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 7, 102 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kieu, K.

Kobtsev, S.

Kudlinski, A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kukarin, S.

Kutz, J. N.

Lacourt, P. A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Larger, L.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Latas, S. C. V.

Merolla, J. M.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mussot, A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Provo, R.

A. F. J. Runge, C. Aguergaray, R. Provo, M. Erkintalo, N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 657 (2014).
[Crossref]

Renninger, W. H.

Runge, A.

Runge, A. F. J.

Smirnov, S.

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, G. Town, Phys. Rev. E 63, 056602 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stefani, A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sylvestre, T.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Town, G.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, G. Town, Phys. Rev. E 63, 056602 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wetzel, B.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Xu, C.

C. Xu, F. W. Wise, Nat. Photonics 7, 875 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (6)

M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Xu, F. W. Wise, Nat. Photonics 7, 875 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, F. Dias, M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, Nat. Photonics 8, 755 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 7, 102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. F. J. Runge, C. Aguergaray, R. Provo, M. Erkintalo, N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 657 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. E (3)

C. Cartes, O. Descalzi, H. R. Brand, Phys. Rev. E 85, 015205(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, G. Town, Phys. Rev. E 63, 056602 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, Phys. Rev. E 70, 036613 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. Chang, N. Akhmediev, inNonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper NM3A.6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic illustration of the laser cavity. LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; OC, output coupler; BPF, bandpass filter; DFT, dispersive Fourier transform. (b)–(d) Average spectra recorded with an OSA when the laser operates in (b) mode-locking, (c) NL, and (d) explosion regimes, with pump powers as indicated. Inset in (d) shows the spectrum in logarithmic scale.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimentally measured single-shot spectra of 100 consecutive pulses with the laser operating in the transition regime [average spectrum shown in Fig. 1(d)]. Seven soliton explosions can clearly be identified. (b) Example spectra at indicated roundtrip numbers around a particular explosion event. (c) Simulated output spectra for parameters similar to experiments.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Energies of 100 consecutive output pulses extracted from (a) experimental measurements and (b) numerical simulations. Corresponding single-shot spectra are shown in Fig. 2. The solid circles mark the roundtrips corresponding to explosions.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Temporal evolution of the simulated output pulse envelope over 100 consecutive roundtrips. (b) Zoom on five consecutive roundtrips around a particular explosion as indicated.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimentally measured temporal evolution relative to the average roundtrip time over 100 roundtrips.

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