Abstract

The ultimate goal in the generation of optical signals is optical arbitrary waveform generation, which would allow the generation of wide-bandwidth optical signals with arbitrary amplitude and phase profiles (e.g., custom-shaped short optical pulses or advanced telecommunications signals). Here we investigate a new route toward this goal based upon the coherent combination of multiple signals generated at different wavelengths from different lasers. We show how to address the various challenges associated with this approach and demonstrate the generation of 100 GHz repetition rate waveforms by combining five semiconductor lasers phase locked, via injection locking, to a common optical frequency comb. Independent control of the optical power and phase of each laser enabled the generation of customized waveforms. Our technique be should readily scalable to a larger number of lasers, promising a flexible source of ultrastable, high-repetition rate, large-bandwidth (>1THz), shot-noise-limited, high-power optical waveforms.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

D. S. Wu, R. Slavík, G. Marra, D. J. Richardson, “Direct selection and amplification of individual narrowly spaced optical comb modes via injection locking: design and characterization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2287–2295 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. S. Wu, D. J. Richardson, R. Slavík, “Selective amplification of frequency comb modes via optical injection locking of a semiconductor laser: influence of adjacent unlocked comb modes,” Proc. SPIE 8781, 87810J (2013).

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

T. Laarmann, I. Shchatsinin, P. Singh, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, I. Volker Hertel, “Femtosecond pulse shaping as analytic tool in mass spectrometry of complex polyatomic systems,” J. Phys. B 41, 074005 (2008).

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461–1463 (2008).

T. Hirooka, M. Nakazawa, “Fourier transformation using XPM with a dark parabolic pulse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1869–1871 (2008).

2007 (2)

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. W. Wilson, P. Schlup, R. A. Bartels, “Ultrafast phase and amplitude pulse shaping with a single, one-dimensional, high-resolution phase mask,” Opt. Express 15, 8979–8987 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

C. Mendonça, U. Neves, I. Guedes, S. Zilio, L. Misoguti, “Coherent control of optically induced birefringence in azoaromatic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 025401 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829–831 (2006).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, “Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy,” Nature 418, 512–514 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

M. Hyodo, K. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Generation of arbitrary optical waveforms by Fourier synthesis using three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36, 224–225 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

M. Hyodo, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin, “Fourier synthesis of 257  GHz optical pulse train by phaselocking of three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 35, 564–566 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

C. Walton, A. C. Bordonalli, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance heterodyne optical injection phase-lock loop using wide linewidth semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 427–429 (1998).

1994 (1)

1989 (1)

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

Abedin, K.

M. Hyodo, K. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Generation of arbitrary optical waveforms by Fourier synthesis using three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36, 224–225 (2000).
[Crossref]

Abedin, K. S.

M. Hyodo, K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Fourier synthesis of 1.8-THz optical-pulse trains by phase locking of three independent semiconductor lasers.,” Opt. Lett. 26, 340–342 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Hyodo, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin, “Fourier synthesis of 257  GHz optical pulse train by phaselocking of three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 35, 564–566 (1999).
[Crossref]

Agashe, S.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Albores-Mejia, A.

A. Albores-Mejia, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Shoji, H. Ishikawa, “Full-band injection-locking properties of a monolithically integrated tunable laser with single stripe structure,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), P2.13.

Alic, N.

Andrejco, M. J.

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bartels, R. A.

Bordonalli, A. C.

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Walton, A. C. Bordonalli, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance heterodyne optical injection phase-lock loop using wide linewidth semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 427–429 (1998).

Brothers, L. R.

Chen, Q.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Christini, D.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Chun, B. J.

Craig, S.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4, 760–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Debackere, P.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Dentai, A.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Dudley, I.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Dudovich, N.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, “Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy,” Nature 418, 512–514 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N.

Fontaine, N. K.

Fouckhardt, H.

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

Geisler, D.

Geisler, D. J.

Gerstel, O.

Guedes, I.

C. Mendonça, U. Neves, I. Guedes, S. Zilio, L. Misoguti, “Coherent control of optically induced birefringence in azoaromatic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 025401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guignard, C.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hayes, C.

He, T.

Herbert, C.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Heritage, J. P.

Hill, C.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Hirooka, T.

T. Hirooka, M. Nakazawa, “Fourier transformation using XPM with a dark parabolic pulse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1869–1871 (2008).

Hyodo, M.

M. Hyodo, K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Fourier synthesis of 1.8-THz optical-pulse trains by phase locking of three independent semiconductor lasers.,” Opt. Lett. 26, 340–342 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Hyodo, K. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Generation of arbitrary optical waveforms by Fourier synthesis using three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36, 224–225 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Hyodo, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin, “Fourier synthesis of 257  GHz optical pulse train by phaselocking of three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 35, 564–566 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hyun, S.

Ibsen, M.

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461–1463 (2008).

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829–831 (2006).

J. Lee, L. Oxenløwe, M. Ibsen, “All-optical TDM data demultiplexing at 80  Gb/s with significant timing jitter tolerance using a fiber Bragg grating based rectangular pulse switching technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2518–2523 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, H.

A. Albores-Mejia, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Shoji, H. Ishikawa, “Full-band injection-locking properties of a monolithically integrated tunable laser with single stripe structure,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), P2.13.

Jacobsen, G.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[Crossref]

James, A.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Jones, D.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, A.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kelly, B.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, N.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Kim, S. W.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. J.

Kish, F.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Kuo, B.

Kuwatsuka, H.

A. Albores-Mejia, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Shoji, H. Ishikawa, “Full-band injection-locking properties of a monolithically integrated tunable laser with single stripe structure,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), P2.13.

Laarmann, T.

T. Laarmann, I. Shchatsinin, P. Singh, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, I. Volker Hertel, “Femtosecond pulse shaping as analytic tool in mass spectrometry of complex polyatomic systems,” J. Phys. B 41, 074005 (2008).

Lai, M.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Lal, V.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Lambert, D.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Laughman, L.

Leaird, D. E.

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

Lee, D.

Lee, J.

Liu, L.

Liu, P.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Liu, Z.

Ma, H.

Ma, Y.

Marra, G.

Mendonça, C.

C. Mendonça, U. Neves, I. Guedes, S. Zilio, L. Misoguti, “Coherent control of optically induced birefringence in azoaromatic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 025401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Misoguti, L.

C. Mendonça, U. Neves, I. Guedes, S. Zilio, L. Misoguti, “Coherent control of optically induced birefringence in azoaromatic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 025401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Missey, M.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Mogensen, F.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[Crossref]

Muthiah, R.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Myslivets, E.

Nakazawa, M.

T. Hirooka, M. Nakazawa, “Fourier transformation using XPM with a dark parabolic pulse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1869–1871 (2008).

Neves, U.

C. Mendonça, U. Neves, I. Guedes, S. Zilio, L. Misoguti, “Coherent control of optically induced birefringence in azoaromatic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 025401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ng, T. T.

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461–1463 (2008).

Nguyen, T.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

O’Carroll, J.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

O’Gorman, J.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Olesen, H.

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[Crossref]

Onodera, N.

M. Hyodo, K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Fourier synthesis of 1.8-THz optical-pulse trains by phase locking of three independent semiconductor lasers.,” Opt. Lett. 26, 340–342 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Hyodo, K. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Generation of arbitrary optical waveforms by Fourier synthesis using three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36, 224–225 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Hyodo, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin, “Fourier synthesis of 257  GHz optical pulse train by phaselocking of three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 35, 564–566 (1999).
[Crossref]

Oron, D.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, “Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy,” Nature 418, 512–514 (2002).
[Crossref]

Oxenløwe, L.

Paraschis, L.

Parmigiani, F.

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461–1463 (2008).

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829–831 (2006).

Perry, P.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461–1463 (2008).

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829–831 (2006).

Phelan, R.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pleumeekers, J.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Provost, L.

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461–1463 (2008).

Radic, S.

Reffle, M.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Rensing, M.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. S. Wu, D. J. Richardson, R. Slavík, “Selective amplification of frequency comb modes via optical injection locking of a semiconductor laser: influence of adjacent unlocked comb modes,” Proc. SPIE 8781, 87810J (2013).

D. S. Wu, R. Slavík, G. Marra, D. J. Richardson, “Direct selection and amplification of individual narrowly spaced optical comb modes via injection locking: design and characterization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2287–2295 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461–1463 (2008).

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Pulse retiming based on XPM using parabolic pulses formed in a fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829–831 (2006).

Rossi, J.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Saifi, M. A.

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

Salvatore, R.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Schlup, P.

Schneider, R.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Schulz, C. P.

T. Laarmann, I. Shchatsinin, P. Singh, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, I. Volker Hertel, “Femtosecond pulse shaping as analytic tool in mass spectrometry of complex polyatomic systems,” J. Phys. B 41, 074005 (2008).

Scott, R. P.

Seeds, A. J.

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Walton, A. C. Bordonalli, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance heterodyne optical injection phase-lock loop using wide linewidth semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 427–429 (1998).

Shchatsinin, I.

T. Laarmann, I. Shchatsinin, P. Singh, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, I. Volker Hertel, “Femtosecond pulse shaping as analytic tool in mass spectrometry of complex polyatomic systems,” J. Phys. B 41, 074005 (2008).

Shoji, H.

A. Albores-Mejia, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Shoji, H. Ishikawa, “Full-band injection-locking properties of a monolithically integrated tunable laser with single stripe structure,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2012), P2.13.

Si, L.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Silberberg, Y.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, “Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy,” Nature 418, 512–514 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

Singh, P.

T. Laarmann, I. Shchatsinin, P. Singh, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, I. Volker Hertel, “Femtosecond pulse shaping as analytic tool in mass spectrometry of complex polyatomic systems,” J. Phys. B 41, 074005 (2008).

Slavík, R.

D. S. Wu, R. Slavík, G. Marra, D. J. Richardson, “Direct selection and amplification of individual narrowly spaced optical comb modes via injection locking: design and characterization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2287–2295 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. S. Wu, D. J. Richardson, R. Slavík, “Selective amplification of frequency comb modes via optical injection locking of a semiconductor laser: influence of adjacent unlocked comb modes,” Proc. SPIE 8781, 87810J (2013).

Smith, P. W.

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

Strzelecka, E.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Studenkov, P.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Tong, Z.

Volker Hertel, I.

T. Laarmann, I. Shchatsinin, P. Singh, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, I. Volker Hertel, “Femtosecond pulse shaping as analytic tool in mass spectrometry of complex polyatomic systems,” J. Phys. B 41, 074005 (2008).

Walton, C.

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 328–342 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Walton, A. C. Bordonalli, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance heterodyne optical injection phase-lock loop using wide linewidth semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 427–429 (1998).

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Watts, C. B.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A.

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: a tutorial review,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3669–3692 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4, 760–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wendelboe, J.

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wiberg, A.

Wilson, J. W.

Won, J.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Wong, N. C.

Wu, D. S.

D. S. Wu, D. J. Richardson, R. Slavík, “Selective amplification of frequency comb modes via optical injection locking of a semiconductor laser: influence of adjacent unlocked comb modes,” Proc. SPIE 8781, 87810J (2013).

D. S. Wu, R. Slavík, G. Marra, D. J. Richardson, “Direct selection and amplification of individual narrowly spaced optical comb modes via injection locking: design and characterization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2287–2295 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

Yap, K.

J. Pleumeekers, E. Strzelecka, K. Yap, A. James, P. Studenkov, P. Debackere, T. Nguyen, S. Agashe, N. Kim, V. Lal, J. Won, C. Hill, Z. Wang, I. Dudley, A. Dentai, Q. Chen, D. Christini, R. Salvatore, D. Lambert, M. Lai, M. Missey, R. Muthiah, J. Rossi, P. Liu, S. Craig, R. Schneider, M. Reffle, F. Kish, “Manufacturing progress for InP-based 500  Gb/s photonic integrated circuits,” in CS MANTECH Conference (CS ManTech, 2013), pp. 19–22.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zhao, Y.

Zhavoronkov, N.

T. Laarmann, I. Shchatsinin, P. Singh, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, I. Volker Hertel, “Femtosecond pulse shaping as analytic tool in mass spectrometry of complex polyatomic systems,” J. Phys. B 41, 074005 (2008).

Zhou, P.

Zilio, S.

C. Mendonça, U. Neves, I. Guedes, S. Zilio, L. Misoguti, “Coherent control of optically induced birefringence in azoaromatic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 025401 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Hyodo, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin, “Fourier synthesis of 257  GHz optical pulse train by phaselocking of three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 35, 564–566 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Hyodo, K. Abedin, N. Onodera, “Generation of arbitrary optical waveforms by Fourier synthesis using three continuous-wave semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett. 36, 224–225 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. Kelly, R. Phelan, D. Jones, C. Herbert, J. O’Carroll, M. Rensing, J. Wendelboe, C. B. Watts, A. Kaszubowska-Anandarajah, P. Perry, C. Guignard, L. P. Barry, J. O’Gorman, “Discrete mode laser diodes with very narrow linewidth emission,” Electron. Lett. 43, 1282–1284 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

F. Mogensen, H. Olesen, G. Jacobsen, “Locking conditions and stability properties for a semiconductor laser with external light injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 784–793 (1985).
[Crossref]

A. Weiner, Y. Silberberg, H. Fouckhardt, D. E. Leaird, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, P. W. Smith, “Use of femtosecond square pulses to avoid pulse breakup in all-optical switching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2648–2655 (1989).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Hirooka, M. Nakazawa, “Fourier transformation using XPM with a dark parabolic pulse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1869–1871 (2008).

C. Walton, A. C. Bordonalli, A. J. Seeds, “High-performance heterodyne optical injection phase-lock loop using wide linewidth semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 427–429 (1998).

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the slave laser ensemble, which contains and combines the injection locked lasers. AWG, arrayed waveguide grating; VOA, variable optical attenuator; PC, polarization controller; PS, fiber phase shifter. The optical spectrum is illustrated at the top of the figure for one of the AWG channels.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Illustration of a sinc-shaped spectrum envelope (blue) realized with five discrete nonzero components (red).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of the phase stabilization setup. The ‘slave laser ensemble’ contains the setup shown in Fig. 1. EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; PD, photodetector; LPF, low-pass filter; RF-PS, radio frequency phase shifter.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic of the full setup used for generating and measuring Fourier synthesized waveforms. The ‘phase stabilization feedback’ includes the components within the dotted box in Fig. 3. OSO, optical sampling oscilloscope; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Temporal waveform of the uncalibrated slave lasers [dots, measured; red line, calculated using calibration data shown in (c)], and (b) corresponding spectrum. (c) Measured relative phases of the slave lasers with respect to laser #2.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) 100 GHz pulses formed by aligning the phases of the slave lasers (dots, measured; red line, calculated). (b) Measured relative phases of the slave lasers when set to zero using the calibration data.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Measured (black) and targeted (red) waveforms using a sinc-shaped spectrum. (b) Heat map of a 2 min persistence measurement showing the frequency of the measured samples.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Measured (black) and targeted (red) waveforms using an apodized sinc-shaped spectrum. (b) Heat map of a 2 min persistence measurement.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(a) Measured (black) and targeted (red) waveforms using a sinc2-shaped spectrum. (b) Heat map of a 2 min persistence measurement.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Flat-top (apodized sinc-spectrum) waveforms at (a) input and (b) output of a 2 km length of single-mode optical fiber without any dispersion compensation. The waveforms after dispersion precompensation at the input and output are shown in (c) and (d), respectively.

Tables (4)

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Table 1. Slave Laser Indexing

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Table 2. Slave Lasers for Sinc-Shaped Spectrum

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Table 3. Slave Lasers for Apodized Sinc-Shaped Spectrum

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Table 4. Slave Lasers for Sinc2-Shaped Spectrum

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