Abstract

We demonstrate that one can directly measure the time evolution of light–matter interaction in a semiconductor microcavity by tracking how the optical response is changed by strong single-cycle terahertz (THz) pulses. A short THz pulse transiently interrupts the interaction of the quantum-well microcavity with the light mode and resets the polaritonic light–matter oscillations at THz frequencies. This THz-reset protocol can provide novel insights into the light–matter coupling dynamics in a wide range of photonic materials such as plasmonic and organic systems.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  27. D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, T. Truong, E. Lui, A. Mihi, M. Schulmerich, P. V. Braun, R. Bhargava, J. A. Rogers, “Coupling of plasmonic and optical cavity modes in quasi-three-dimensional plasmonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 479 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  28. P. Berini, I. de Leon, “Surface plasmon-polariton amplifiers and lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 16–24 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  29. T. Volz, A. Reinhard, M. Winger, A. Badolato, K. J. Hennessy, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Ultrafast all-optical switching by single photons,” Nat. Photonics 6, 607–611 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  30. V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, S. R. Forrest, “Transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities,” Science 279, 553–555 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. Kéna-Cohen, S. R. Forrest, “Room-temperature polariton lasing in an organic single-crystal microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 4, 371–375 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2013 (2)

D. Powell, “Lasers boost space communications,” Nature 499, 266–267 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Berini, I. de Leon, “Surface plasmon-polariton amplifiers and lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 16–24 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Volz, A. Reinhard, M. Winger, A. Badolato, K. J. Hennessy, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Ultrafast all-optical switching by single photons,” Nat. Photonics 6, 607–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, T. Truong, E. Lui, A. Mihi, M. Schulmerich, P. V. Braun, R. Bhargava, J. A. Rogers, “Coupling of plasmonic and optical cavity modes in quasi-three-dimensional plasmonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 479 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. Kéna-Cohen, S. R. Forrest, “Room-temperature polariton lasing in an organic single-crystal microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 4, 371–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. D. Ladd, F. Jelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum computers,” Nature 464, 45–53 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

N. M. Gabor, Z. H. Zhong, K. Bosnick, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, “Extremely efficient multiple electron-hole pair generation in carbon nanotube photodiodes,” Science 325, 1367–1371 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. de Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light–matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457, 455–458 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, Y. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Transient optical response of quantum well excitons to intense narrowband terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201107 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Optical nonlinearities and Rabi flopping of an exciton population in a semiconductor interacting with strong terahertz fields,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 165308 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. N. Xia, M. Steiner, Y. M. Lin, P. Avouris, “A microcavity-controlled, current-driven, on-chip nanotube emitter at infrared wavelengths,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 609–613 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, K. West, “Bose–Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316, 1007–1010 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. R. Danielson, Y.-S. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Interaction of strong single-cycle terahertz pulses with semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 237401 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, L. S. Dang, “Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443, 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Many-body correlations and excitonic effects in semiconductor spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 155–296 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sęk, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, A. Forchel, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

R. A. Kaindl, M. A. Carnahan, D. Hägele, R. Lövenich, D. S. Chemla, “Ultrafast terahertz probes of transient conducting and insulating phases in an electron–hole gas,” Nature 423, 734–738 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Deng, G. Weihs, C. Santori, J. Bloch, Y. Yamamoto, “Condensation of semiconductor microcavity exciton polaritons,” Science 298, 199–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, A. Leitenstorfer, “Femtosecond buildup of Coulomb screening in photoexcited GaAs probed via ultrabroadband THz spectroscopy,” J. Lumin. 94–95, 555–558 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Gurioli, F. Bogani, D. S. Wiersma, P. Roussignol, G. Cassabois, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, “Experimental study of disorder in a semiconductor microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 165309 (2001).
[Crossref]

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, “Signatures of carrier-wave Rabi flopping in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 057401 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. J. Warburton, C. Schäflein, D. Haft, F. Bickel, A. Lorke, K. Karrai, J. M. Garcia, W. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, “Optical emission from a charge-tunable quantum ring,” Nature 405, 926–929 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

Y.-S. Lee, T. B. Norris, M. Kira, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum correlations and intraband coherences in semiconductor cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5338–5341 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Nonlinear optics of normal-mode-coupling semiconductor microcavities,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591–1639 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, S. R. Forrest, “Transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities,” Science 279, 553–555 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abstreiter, G.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, A. Leitenstorfer, “Femtosecond buildup of Coulomb screening in photoexcited GaAs probed via ultrabroadband THz spectroscopy,” J. Lumin. 94–95, 555–558 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ambacher, O.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anappara, A. A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. de Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light–matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

André, R.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, L. S. Dang, “Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443, 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref]

Antes, J.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Atatüre, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref]

Avouris, P.

F. N. Xia, M. Steiner, Y. M. Lin, P. Avouris, “A microcavity-controlled, current-driven, on-chip nanotube emitter at infrared wavelengths,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3, 609–613 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baas, A.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, L. S. Dang, “Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443, 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref]

Badolato, A.

T. Volz, A. Reinhard, M. Winger, A. Badolato, K. J. Hennessy, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Ultrafast all-optical switching by single photons,” Nat. Photonics 6, 607–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref]

Balili, R.

R. Balili, V. Hartwell, D. Snoke, L. Pfeiffer, K. West, “Bose–Einstein condensation of microcavity polaritons in a trap,” Science 316, 1007–1010 (2007).
[Crossref]

Berini, P.

P. Berini, I. de Leon, “Surface plasmon-polariton amplifiers and lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 16–24 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bhargava, R.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, T. Truong, E. Lui, A. Mihi, M. Schulmerich, P. V. Braun, R. Bhargava, J. A. Rogers, “Coupling of plasmonic and optical cavity modes in quasi-three-dimensional plasmonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Biasiol, G.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. de Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light–matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bichler, M.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, A. Leitenstorfer, “Femtosecond buildup of Coulomb screening in photoexcited GaAs probed via ultrabroadband THz spectroscopy,” J. Lumin. 94–95, 555–558 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bickel, F.

R. J. Warburton, C. Schäflein, D. Haft, F. Bickel, A. Lorke, K. Karrai, J. M. Garcia, W. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, “Optical emission from a charge-tunable quantum ring,” Nature 405, 926–929 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bloch, J.

H. Deng, G. Weihs, C. Santori, J. Bloch, Y. Yamamoto, “Condensation of semiconductor microcavity exciton polaritons,” Science 298, 199–202 (2002).
[Crossref]

Boes, F.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bogani, F.

M. Gurioli, F. Bogani, D. S. Wiersma, P. Roussignol, G. Cassabois, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, “Experimental study of disorder in a semiconductor microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 165309 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bosnick, K.

N. M. Gabor, Z. H. Zhong, K. Bosnick, J. Park, P. L. McEuen, “Extremely efficient multiple electron-hole pair generation in carbon nanotube photodiodes,” Science 325, 1367–1371 (2009).
[Crossref]

Braun, P. V.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, T. Truong, E. Lui, A. Mihi, M. Schulmerich, P. V. Braun, R. Bhargava, J. A. Rogers, “Coupling of plasmonic and optical cavity modes in quasi-three-dimensional plasmonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brodschelm, A.

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, A. Leitenstorfer, “Femtosecond buildup of Coulomb screening in photoexcited GaAs probed via ultrabroadband THz spectroscopy,” J. Lumin. 94–95, 555–558 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bulovic, V.

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, S. R. Forrest, “Transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities,” Science 279, 553–555 (1998).
[Crossref]

Carnahan, M. A.

R. A. Kaindl, M. A. Carnahan, D. Hägele, R. Lövenich, D. S. Chemla, “Ultrafast terahertz probes of transient conducting and insulating phases in an electron–hole gas,” Nature 423, 734–738 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cassabois, G.

M. Gurioli, F. Bogani, D. S. Wiersma, P. Roussignol, G. Cassabois, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, “Experimental study of disorder in a semiconductor microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 165309 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chanda, D.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, T. Truong, E. Lui, A. Mihi, M. Schulmerich, P. V. Braun, R. Bhargava, J. A. Rogers, “Coupling of plasmonic and optical cavity modes in quasi-three-dimensional plasmonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 479 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chemla, D. S.

R. A. Kaindl, M. A. Carnahan, D. Hägele, R. Lövenich, D. S. Chemla, “Ultrafast terahertz probes of transient conducting and insulating phases in an electron–hole gas,” Nature 423, 734–738 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ciuti, C.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. de Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light–matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dang, L. S.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, L. S. Dang, “Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443, 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref]

Danielson, J. R.

J. R. Danielson, Y.-S. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Interaction of strong single-cycle terahertz pulses with semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 237401 (2007).
[Crossref]

de Leon, I.

P. Berini, I. de Leon, “Surface plasmon-polariton amplifiers and lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 16–24 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Liberato, S.

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S. Kéna-Cohen, S. R. Forrest, “Room-temperature polariton lasing in an organic single-crystal microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 4, 371–375 (2010).
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S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
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K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
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M. Gurioli, F. Bogani, D. S. Wiersma, P. Roussignol, G. Cassabois, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, “Experimental study of disorder in a semiconductor microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 165309 (2001).
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Gibbs, H. M.

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
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G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Nonlinear optics of normal-mode-coupling semiconductor microcavities,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591–1639 (1999).
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Y.-S. Lee, T. B. Norris, M. Kira, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum correlations and intraband coherences in semiconductor cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5338–5341 (1999).
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Gulde, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
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G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. de Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light–matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
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T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
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S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
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K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
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T. Volz, A. Reinhard, M. Winger, A. Badolato, K. J. Hennessy, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Ultrafast all-optical switching by single photons,” Nat. Photonics 6, 607–611 (2012).
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S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
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J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sęk, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, A. Forchel, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
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Hu, E. L.

T. Volz, A. Reinhard, M. Winger, A. Badolato, K. J. Hennessy, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Ultrafast all-optical switching by single photons,” Nat. Photonics 6, 607–611 (2012).
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K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
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Huber, R.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. de Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light–matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
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R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, A. Leitenstorfer, “Femtosecond buildup of Coulomb screening in photoexcited GaAs probed via ultrabroadband THz spectroscopy,” J. Lumin. 94–95, 555–558 (2001).
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T. Volz, A. Reinhard, M. Winger, A. Badolato, K. J. Hennessy, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Ultrafast all-optical switching by single photons,” Nat. Photonics 6, 607–611 (2012).
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K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, A. Imamoğlu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
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Y.-S. Lee, T. B. Norris, M. Kira, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum correlations and intraband coherences in semiconductor cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5338–5341 (1999).
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G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Nonlinear optics of normal-mode-coupling semiconductor microcavities,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591–1639 (1999).
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Jameson, A. D.

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, Y. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Transient optical response of quantum well excitons to intense narrowband terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201107 (2009).
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J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, L. S. Dang, “Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443, 409–414 (2006).
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Jelezko, F.

T. D. Ladd, F. Jelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum computers,” Nature 464, 45–53 (2010).
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Kaindl, R. A.

R. A. Kaindl, M. A. Carnahan, D. Hägele, R. Lövenich, D. S. Chemla, “Ultrafast terahertz probes of transient conducting and insulating phases in an electron–hole gas,” Nature 423, 734–738 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kallfass, I.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Karrai, K.

R. J. Warburton, C. Schäflein, D. Haft, F. Bickel, A. Lorke, K. Karrai, J. M. Garcia, W. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, “Optical emission from a charge-tunable quantum ring,” Nature 405, 926–929 (2000).
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Keeling, J. M. J.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, L. S. Dang, “Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443, 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref]

Keldysh, L. V.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sęk, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, A. Forchel, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kéna-Cohen, S.

S. Kéna-Cohen, S. R. Forrest, “Room-temperature polariton lasing in an organic single-crystal microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 4, 371–375 (2010).
[Crossref]

Khalfin, V. B.

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, S. R. Forrest, “Transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities,” Science 279, 553–555 (1998).
[Crossref]

Khitrova, G.

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, D. G. Deppe, “Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Gurioli, F. Bogani, D. S. Wiersma, P. Roussignol, G. Cassabois, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, “Experimental study of disorder in a semiconductor microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 165309 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, T. B. Norris, M. Kira, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum correlations and intraband coherences in semiconductor cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5338–5341 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Nonlinear optics of normal-mode-coupling semiconductor microcavities,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591–1639 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kira, M.

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, Y. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Transient optical response of quantum well excitons to intense narrowband terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201107 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Optical nonlinearities and Rabi flopping of an exciton population in a semiconductor interacting with strong terahertz fields,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 165308 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Danielson, Y.-S. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Interaction of strong single-cycle terahertz pulses with semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 237401 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Many-body correlations and excitonic effects in semiconductor spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 155–296 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Nonlinear optics of normal-mode-coupling semiconductor microcavities,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591–1639 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, T. B. Norris, M. Kira, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum correlations and intraband coherences in semiconductor cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5338–5341 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Kira, S. W. Koch, Semiconductor Quantum Optics, 1st ed. (Cambridge University, 2011).

Klettke, A. C.

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koch, S. W.

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, Y. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Transient optical response of quantum well excitons to intense narrowband terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201107 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Optical nonlinearities and Rabi flopping of an exciton population in a semiconductor interacting with strong terahertz fields,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 165308 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Danielson, Y.-S. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Interaction of strong single-cycle terahertz pulses with semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 237401 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Many-body correlations and excitonic effects in semiconductor spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 155–296 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, T. B. Norris, M. Kira, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum correlations and intraband coherences in semiconductor cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5338–5341 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, F. Jahnke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Nonlinear optics of normal-mode-coupling semiconductor microcavities,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1591–1639 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Kira, S. W. Koch, Semiconductor Quantum Optics, 1st ed. (Cambridge University, 2011).

Koenig, S.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7, 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kozlov, V. G.

V. Bulovic, V. G. Kozlov, V. B. Khalfin, S. R. Forrest, “Transform-limited, narrow-linewidth lasing action in organic semiconductor microcavities,” Science 279, 553–555 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kuhn, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sęk, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, A. Forchel, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kulakovskii, V. D.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sęk, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, A. Forchel, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kundermann, S.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, L. S. Dang, “Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443, 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ladd, T. D.

T. D. Ladd, F. Jelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum computers,” Nature 464, 45–53 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laflamme, R.

T. D. Ladd, F. Jelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum computers,” Nature 464, 45–53 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, Y. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Transient optical response of quantum well excitons to intense narrowband terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201107 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.-S.

J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y.-S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Terahertz excitation of a coherent Λ-type three-level system of exciton-polariton modes in a quantum-well microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267402 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Danielson, Y.-S. Lee, J. P. Prineas, J. T. Steiner, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, “Interaction of strong single-cycle terahertz pulses with semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 237401 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, T. B. Norris, M. Kira, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, “Quantum correlations and intraband coherences in semiconductor cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5338–5341 (1999).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. de Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light–matter interaction,” Nature 458, 178–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, A. Leitenstorfer, “Femtosecond buildup of Coulomb screening in photoexcited GaAs probed via ultrabroadband THz spectroscopy,” J. Lumin. 94–95, 555–558 (2001).
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Supplementary Material (1)

» Supplement 1: PDF (1504 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Pump–reset protocol for a cavity polariton. The microcavity (disks) is irradiated with an optical pump pulse (arrow, left) to generate a cavity polariton. Subsequently, the QW polarization (P) and the cavity field (E) periodically exchange energy. A reset pulse (wave symbols) removes the polarization at two exemplary times (dashed lines). The reset-induced changes are revealed in modulations of the pump-reflection spectrum (1R, solid red lines), where the shaded areas correspond to the spectra without the reset.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Demonstration of pump–reset protocol. The measured optical reflection spectra (1R) at zero detuning without additional THz excitation (shaded) are compared to those with THz pulses at time delays of 0.4 ps (red line) and 0.73 ps (black line) between optical and THz excitation. The inset shows the experimental single-cycle THz-reset pulse. Figure S2 in Supplement 1 shows the THz power spectrum.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Direct measurement of polariton oscillations. (a) The experimentally measured differential reflectivity ΔR=R0Rreset at zero detuning is plotted as a function of energy and time delay between the optical pump and the THz-reset pulses with ETHz=10kV/cm; (b) slice through the low-energy peak. The oscillation period is 0.66 ps (shaded area), corresponding to the LEP–HEP energy splitting of 6.3 meV.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Computed polariton oscillations in pump–reset protocol. (a) The computed differential reflectivity ΔR=R0Rreset at zero detuning is plotted as a function of energy and time delay between the optical pump and the THz-reset pulses; (b) slice through the low-energy peak (red solid line), polarization (blue-shaded area), and optical field (yellow-shaded area) at the QW position. The oscillation period is 0.66 ps (gray-shaded areas).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Cavity-detuning-dependent polariton oscillation. (a) Time slices of polariton oscillation through the low-energy peak at δc=1.9, 0.3, and 0.4 meV. The curves are vertically offset for clarity. (b) Polariton oscillation period versus cavity detuning. The red squares indicate experimental data, and the gray line is a theoretical curve obtained from calculated polariton mode splitting.

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