Abstract

Various forms of imaging schemes have emerged over the last decade that are based on correlating variations in incident illuminating light fields to the outputs of single “bucket” detectors. However, to date, the role of the orthogonality of the illumination fields has largely been overlooked, and, furthermore, the field has not progressed beyond bright field imaging. By exploiting the concept of orthogonal illuminating fields, we demonstrate the application of optical eigenmodes (OEis) to wide-field, scan-free spontaneous Raman imaging, which is notoriously slow in wide-field mode. The OEi approach enables a form of indirect imaging that exploits both phase and amplitude in image reconstruction. The use of orthogonality enables us to nonredundantly illuminate the sample and, in particular, use a subset of illuminating modes to obtain the majority of information from the sample, thus minimizing any photobleaching or damage of the sample. The crucial incorporation of phase, in addition to amplitude, in the imaging process significantly reduces background noise and results in an improved signal-to-noise ratio for the image while reducing the number of illuminations. As an example we can reconstruct images of a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy sample with approximately an order of magnitude fewer acquisitions. This generic approach may readily be applied to other imaging modalities such as fluorescence microscopy or nonlinear vibrational microscopy.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

A. F. Palonpon, J. Ando, H. Yamakoshi, K. Dodo, M. Sodeoka, S. Kawata, K. Fujita, “Raman and SERS microscopy for molecular imaging of live cells,” Nat. Protoc. 8, 677–692 (2013).

S. Kosmeier, A. C. De Luca, S. Zolotovskaya, A. Di Falco, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1808 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Tsampoula, M. Mazilu, T. Vettenburg, F. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Enhanced cell transfection using subwavelength focused optical eigenmode beams,” Photon. Res. 1, 42–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

B. Katz, J. Rosen, R. Kelner, G. Brooker, “Enhanced resolution and throughput of Fresnel incoherent correlation holography (FINCH) using dual diffractive lenses on a spatial light modulator (SLM),” Opt. Express 20, 9109–9121 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Studer, J. Bobin, M. Chahida, H. S. Mousavia, E. Candes, M. Dahane, “Compressive fluorescence microscopy for biological and hyperspectral imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, E1679–E1687 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Li, T. Hutter, A. S. Finnemore, F. M. Huang, J. J. Baumberg, S. R. Elliott, U. Steiner, S. Mahajan, “Metal oxide nanoparticle mediated enhanced Raman scattering and its use in direct monitoring of interfacial chemical reactions,” Nano Lett. 12, 4242–4246 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Stewart, R. Priore, M. P. Nelson, P. J. Treado, “Raman imaging,” Annu. Rev. Anal. Chem. 5, 337–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (6)

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. C. De Luca, S. Kosmeier, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Optical eigenmode imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021803 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Shao, P. Kner, E. H. Rego, M. Gustafsson, “Super-resolution 3D microscopy of live whole cells using structured illumination,” Nat. Methods 8, 1044–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Guarrotxena, Y. Ren, A. Mikhailovsky, “Raman response of dithiolated nanoparticle linkers,” Langmuir 27, 347–351 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. M. Davis, A. J. Hemphill, D. C. Maltaş, M. A. Zipper, P. Wang, D. Ben-Amotz, “Multivariate hyperspectral Raman imaging using compressive detection,” Anal. Chem. 83, 5086–5092 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Mazilu, J. Baumgartl, S. Kosmeier, K. Dholakia, “Optical eigenmodes; exploiting the quadratic nature of the energy flux and of scattering interactions,” Opt. Express 19, 933–945 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. N. Slipchenko, H. Chen, D. R. Ely, Y. Jung, M. T. Carvajal, J.-X. Cheng, “Vibrational imaging of tablets by epi-detected stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Analyst 135, 2613–2619 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

P. R. Jess, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, A. C. Riches, C. S. Herrington, “Optical detection and grading of lung neoplasia by Raman microspectroscopy,” Int. J. Cancer 124, 376–380 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Rusciano, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, A. Sasso, “Raman tweezers as a diagnostic tool of hemoglobin-related blood disorders,” Sensors 8, 7818–7832 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

D. Graf, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, C. Stampfer, A. Jungen, A. C. Hierold, L. Wirtz, “Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy of single- and few-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 7, 238–242 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Gierlinger, M. Schwanninger, “The potential of Raman microscopy and Raman imaging in plant research,” J. Spectrosc. 21, 69–89 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

S. Schlücker, M. D. Schaeberle, S. W. Huffman, I. W. Levin, “Raman microspectroscopy: a comparison of point, line, and wide-field imaging methodologies,” Anal. Chem. 75, 4312–4318 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Ferraro, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Coppola, S. Grilli, C. Magro, G. Pierattini, “Compensation of the inherent wave front curvature in digital holographic coherent microscopy for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1938–1946 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. G. L. Gustafsson, “Surpassing the lateral resolution limit by a factor of two using structured illumination microscopy,” J. Microsc. 198, 82–87 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1988 (1)

1978 (1)

1975 (1)

M. Delhaye, P. Dhamelincourt, “Raman microprobe and microscope with laser excitation,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 3, 33–43 (1975).
[Crossref]

Abrahamsson, S.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Agard, D. A.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allain, M.

E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ando, J.

A. F. Palonpon, J. Ando, H. Yamakoshi, K. Dodo, M. Sodeoka, S. Kawata, K. Fujita, “Raman and SERS microscopy for molecular imaging of live cells,” Nat. Protoc. 8, 677–692 (2013).

Balduzzi, D.

A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bargmann, C. I.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baumberg, J. J.

L. Li, T. Hutter, A. S. Finnemore, F. M. Huang, J. J. Baumberg, S. R. Elliott, U. Steiner, S. Mahajan, “Metal oxide nanoparticle mediated enhanced Raman scattering and its use in direct monitoring of interfacial chemical reactions,” Nano Lett. 12, 4242–4246 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baumgartl, J.

Belkebir, K.

E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ben-Amotz, D.

B. M. Davis, A. J. Hemphill, D. C. Maltaş, M. A. Zipper, P. Wang, D. Ben-Amotz, “Multivariate hyperspectral Raman imaging using compressive detection,” Anal. Chem. 83, 5086–5092 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bobin, J.

V. Studer, J. Bobin, M. Chahida, H. S. Mousavia, E. Candes, M. Dahane, “Compressive fluorescence microscopy for biological and hyperspectral imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, E1679–E1687 (2012).
[Crossref]

Briscoe, T.

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bromberg, Y.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brooker, G.

Brown, L.

R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Burkhardt, E.-M.

V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
[Crossref]

Campos, J.

Candes, E.

V. Studer, J. Bobin, M. Chahida, H. S. Mousavia, E. Candes, M. Dahane, “Compressive fluorescence microscopy for biological and hyperspectral imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, E1679–E1687 (2012).
[Crossref]

Canetta, E.

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Carruthers, A. E.

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Carvajal, M. T.

M. N. Slipchenko, H. Chen, D. R. Ely, Y. Jung, M. T. Carvajal, J.-X. Cheng, “Vibrational imaging of tablets by epi-detected stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Analyst 135, 2613–2619 (2010).
[Crossref]

Caserta, S.

A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chahida, M.

V. Studer, J. Bobin, M. Chahida, H. S. Mousavia, E. Candes, M. Dahane, “Compressive fluorescence microscopy for biological and hyperspectral imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, E1679–E1687 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

M. N. Slipchenko, H. Chen, D. R. Ely, Y. Jung, M. T. Carvajal, J.-X. Cheng, “Vibrational imaging of tablets by epi-detected stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Analyst 135, 2613–2619 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.-X.

M. N. Slipchenko, H. Chen, D. R. Ely, Y. Jung, M. T. Carvajal, J.-X. Cheng, “Vibrational imaging of tablets by epi-detected stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Analyst 135, 2613–2619 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ciobota, V.

V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
[Crossref]

Coppola, G.

A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Ferraro, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Coppola, S. Grilli, C. Magro, G. Pierattini, “Compensation of the inherent wave front curvature in digital holographic coherent microscopy for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1938–1946 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cottrell, D.

Dahan, M.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dahane, M.

V. Studer, J. Bobin, M. Chahida, H. S. Mousavia, E. Candes, M. Dahane, “Compressive fluorescence microscopy for biological and hyperspectral imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, E1679–E1687 (2012).
[Crossref]

Darzacq, C. D.

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S. Kosmeier, A. C. De Luca, S. Zolotovskaya, A. Di Falco, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1808 (2013).
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K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
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A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
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Gustafsson, M.

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K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
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B. M. Davis, A. J. Hemphill, D. C. Maltaş, M. A. Zipper, P. Wang, D. Ben-Amotz, “Multivariate hyperspectral Raman imaging using compressive detection,” Anal. Chem. 83, 5086–5092 (2011).
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E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
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D. Graf, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, C. Stampfer, A. Jungen, A. C. Hierold, L. Wirtz, “Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy of single- and few-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 7, 238–242 (2007).
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L. Li, T. Hutter, A. S. Finnemore, F. M. Huang, J. J. Baumberg, S. R. Elliott, U. Steiner, S. Mahajan, “Metal oxide nanoparticle mediated enhanced Raman scattering and its use in direct monitoring of interfacial chemical reactions,” Nano Lett. 12, 4242–4246 (2012).
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S. Schlücker, M. D. Schaeberle, S. W. Huffman, I. W. Levin, “Raman microspectroscopy: a comparison of point, line, and wide-field imaging methodologies,” Anal. Chem. 75, 4312–4318 (2003).
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L. Li, T. Hutter, A. S. Finnemore, F. M. Huang, J. J. Baumberg, S. R. Elliott, U. Steiner, S. Mahajan, “Metal oxide nanoparticle mediated enhanced Raman scattering and its use in direct monitoring of interfacial chemical reactions,” Nano Lett. 12, 4242–4246 (2012).
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K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
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P. R. Jess, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, A. C. Riches, C. S. Herrington, “Optical detection and grading of lung neoplasia by Raman microspectroscopy,” Int. J. Cancer 124, 376–380 (2009).
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A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
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R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
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M. N. Slipchenko, H. Chen, D. R. Ely, Y. Jung, M. T. Carvajal, J.-X. Cheng, “Vibrational imaging of tablets by epi-detected stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Analyst 135, 2613–2619 (2010).
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D. Graf, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, C. Stampfer, A. Jungen, A. C. Hierold, L. Wirtz, “Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy of single- and few-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 7, 238–242 (2007).
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S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
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A. F. Palonpon, J. Ando, H. Yamakoshi, K. Dodo, M. Sodeoka, S. Kawata, K. Fujita, “Raman and SERS microscopy for molecular imaging of live cells,” Nat. Protoc. 8, 677–692 (2013).

K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
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Kner, P.

L. Shao, P. Kner, E. H. Rego, M. Gustafsson, “Super-resolution 3D microscopy of live whole cells using structured illumination,” Nat. Methods 8, 1044–1046 (2011).
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K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
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S. Kosmeier, A. C. De Luca, S. Zolotovskaya, A. Di Falco, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1808 (2013).
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A. C. De Luca, S. Kosmeier, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Optical eigenmode imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021803 (2011).
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M. Mazilu, J. Baumgartl, S. Kosmeier, K. Dholakia, “Optical eigenmodes; exploiting the quadratic nature of the energy flux and of scattering interactions,” Opt. Express 19, 933–945 (2011).
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V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
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E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
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S. Schlücker, M. D. Schaeberle, S. W. Huffman, I. W. Levin, “Raman microspectroscopy: a comparison of point, line, and wide-field imaging methodologies,” Anal. Chem. 75, 4312–4318 (2003).
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[Crossref]

Magro, C.

Mahajan, S.

L. Li, T. Hutter, A. S. Finnemore, F. M. Huang, J. J. Baumberg, S. R. Elliott, U. Steiner, S. Mahajan, “Metal oxide nanoparticle mediated enhanced Raman scattering and its use in direct monitoring of interfacial chemical reactions,” Nano Lett. 12, 4242–4246 (2012).
[Crossref]

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B. M. Davis, A. J. Hemphill, D. C. Maltaş, M. A. Zipper, P. Wang, D. Ben-Amotz, “Multivariate hyperspectral Raman imaging using compressive detection,” Anal. Chem. 83, 5086–5092 (2011).
[Crossref]

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A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marrucci, G.

A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mazilu, M.

S. Kosmeier, A. C. De Luca, S. Zolotovskaya, A. Di Falco, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1808 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Tsampoula, M. Mazilu, T. Vettenburg, F. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Enhanced cell transfection using subwavelength focused optical eigenmode beams,” Photon. Res. 1, 42–46 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mazilu, J. Baumgartl, S. Kosmeier, K. Dholakia, “Optical eigenmodes; exploiting the quadratic nature of the energy flux and of scattering interactions,” Opt. Express 19, 933–945 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. C. De Luca, S. Kosmeier, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Optical eigenmode imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021803 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. R. Jess, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, A. C. Riches, C. S. Herrington, “Optical detection and grading of lung neoplasia by Raman microspectroscopy,” Int. J. Cancer 124, 376–380 (2009).
[Crossref]

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N. Guarrotxena, Y. Ren, A. Mikhailovsky, “Raman response of dithiolated nanoparticle linkers,” Langmuir 27, 347–351 (2011).
[Crossref]

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S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

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D. Graf, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, C. Stampfer, A. Jungen, A. C. Hierold, L. Wirtz, “Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy of single- and few-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 7, 238–242 (2007).
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S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
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Neilson, S.

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
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E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
[Crossref]

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A. F. Palonpon, J. Ando, H. Yamakoshi, K. Dodo, M. Sodeoka, S. Kawata, K. Fujita, “Raman and SERS microscopy for molecular imaging of live cells,” Nat. Protoc. 8, 677–692 (2013).

Park, J.

R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pesce, G.

A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Rusciano, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, A. Sasso, “Raman tweezers as a diagnostic tool of hemoglobin-related blood disorders,” Sensors 8, 7818–7832 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pierattini, G.

Popp, J.

V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
[Crossref]

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S. Stewart, R. Priore, M. P. Nelson, P. J. Treado, “Raman imaging,” Annu. Rev. Anal. Chem. 5, 337–360 (2012).
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A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

Puppels, G. J.

Rego, E. H.

L. Shao, P. Kner, E. H. Rego, M. Gustafsson, “Super-resolution 3D microscopy of live whole cells using structured illumination,” Nat. Methods 8, 1044–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y.

N. Guarrotxena, Y. Ren, A. Mikhailovsky, “Raman response of dithiolated nanoparticle linkers,” Langmuir 27, 347–351 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rendina, I.

A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

Riches, A. C.

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. R. Jess, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, A. C. Riches, C. S. Herrington, “Optical detection and grading of lung neoplasia by Raman microspectroscopy,” Int. J. Cancer 124, 376–380 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rosch, P.

V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rosen, J.

Ruiz-Vargas, C. S.

R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rusciano, G.

A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Rusciano, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, A. Sasso, “Raman tweezers as a diagnostic tool of hemoglobin-related blood disorders,” Sensors 8, 7818–7832 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sargeant, H.

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sasso, A.

A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Rusciano, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, A. Sasso, “Raman tweezers as a diagnostic tool of hemoglobin-related blood disorders,” Sensors 8, 7818–7832 (2008).
[Crossref]

Savatier, J.

E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schaeberle, M. D.

S. Schlücker, M. D. Schaeberle, S. W. Huffman, I. W. Levin, “Raman microspectroscopy: a comparison of point, line, and wide-field imaging methodologies,” Anal. Chem. 75, 4312–4318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schlücker, S.

S. Schlücker, M. D. Schaeberle, S. W. Huffman, I. W. Levin, “Raman microspectroscopy: a comparison of point, line, and wide-field imaging methodologies,” Anal. Chem. 75, 4312–4318 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schumacher, W.

V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schwanninger, M.

N. Gierlinger, M. Schwanninger, “The potential of Raman microscopy and Raman imaging in plant research,” J. Spectrosc. 21, 69–89 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sentenac, A.

E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shao, L.

L. Shao, P. Kner, E. H. Rego, M. Gustafsson, “Super-resolution 3D microscopy of live whole cells using structured illumination,” Nat. Methods 8, 1044–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shapiro, J. H.

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sirleto, L.

A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

Slipchenko, M. N.

M. N. Slipchenko, H. Chen, D. R. Ely, Y. Jung, M. T. Carvajal, J.-X. Cheng, “Vibrational imaging of tablets by epi-detected stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Analyst 135, 2613–2619 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smith, N. I.

K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sodeoka, M.

A. F. Palonpon, J. Ando, H. Yamakoshi, K. Dodo, M. Sodeoka, S. Kawata, K. Fujita, “Raman and SERS microscopy for molecular imaging of live cells,” Nat. Protoc. 8, 677–692 (2013).

Soule, P.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stallinga, S.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stampfer, C.

D. Graf, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, C. Stampfer, A. Jungen, A. C. Hierold, L. Wirtz, “Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy of single- and few-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 7, 238–242 (2007).
[Crossref]

Steiner, U.

L. Li, T. Hutter, A. S. Finnemore, F. M. Huang, J. J. Baumberg, S. R. Elliott, U. Steiner, S. Mahajan, “Metal oxide nanoparticle mediated enhanced Raman scattering and its use in direct monitoring of interfacial chemical reactions,” Nano Lett. 12, 4242–4246 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stewart, S.

S. Stewart, R. Priore, M. P. Nelson, P. J. Treado, “Raman imaging,” Annu. Rev. Anal. Chem. 5, 337–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

Studer, V.

V. Studer, J. Bobin, M. Chahida, H. S. Mousavia, E. Candes, M. Dahane, “Compressive fluorescence microscopy for biological and hyperspectral imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, E1679–E1687 (2012).
[Crossref]

Treado, P. J.

Tsampoula, X.

Vettenburg, T.

Wang, P.

B. M. Davis, A. J. Hemphill, D. C. Maltaş, M. A. Zipper, P. Wang, D. Ben-Amotz, “Multivariate hyperspectral Raman imaging using compressive detection,” Anal. Chem. 83, 5086–5092 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wirtz, L.

D. Graf, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, C. Stampfer, A. Jungen, A. C. Hierold, L. Wirtz, “Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy of single- and few-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 7, 238–242 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wisniewski, J.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wojcik, M.

R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamakoshi, H.

A. F. Palonpon, J. Ando, H. Yamakoshi, K. Dodo, M. Sodeoka, S. Kawata, K. Fujita, “Raman and SERS microscopy for molecular imaging of live cells,” Nat. Protoc. 8, 677–692 (2013).

Yzuel, M.

Zipper, M. A.

B. M. Davis, A. J. Hemphill, D. C. Maltaş, M. A. Zipper, P. Wang, D. Ben-Amotz, “Multivariate hyperspectral Raman imaging using compressive detection,” Anal. Chem. 83, 5086–5092 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zolotovskaya, S.

S. Kosmeier, A. C. De Luca, S. Zolotovskaya, A. Di Falco, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1808 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

R. W. Havener, S.-Y. Ju, L. Brown, Z. Wang, M. Wojcik, C. S. Ruiz-Vargas, J. Park, “High-throughput graphene imaging on arbitrary substrates with widefield Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6, 373–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

V. Ciobota, E.-M. Burkhardt, W. Schumacher, P. Rosch, K. Kusel, J. Popp, “Applications of Raman spectroscopy to virology and microbial analysis,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397, 2929–2937 (2010).
[Crossref]

Anal. Chem. (2)

S. Schlücker, M. D. Schaeberle, S. W. Huffman, I. W. Levin, “Raman microspectroscopy: a comparison of point, line, and wide-field imaging methodologies,” Anal. Chem. 75, 4312–4318 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. M. Davis, A. J. Hemphill, D. C. Maltaş, M. A. Zipper, P. Wang, D. Ben-Amotz, “Multivariate hyperspectral Raman imaging using compressive detection,” Anal. Chem. 83, 5086–5092 (2011).
[Crossref]

Analyst (1)

M. N. Slipchenko, H. Chen, D. R. Ely, Y. Jung, M. T. Carvajal, J.-X. Cheng, “Vibrational imaging of tablets by epi-detected stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Analyst 135, 2613–2619 (2010).
[Crossref]

Annu. Rev. Anal. Chem. (1)

S. Stewart, R. Priore, M. P. Nelson, P. J. Treado, “Raman imaging,” Annu. Rev. Anal. Chem. 5, 337–360 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. (3)

Int. J. Cancer (1)

P. R. Jess, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, A. C. Riches, C. S. Herrington, “Optical detection and grading of lung neoplasia by Raman microspectroscopy,” Int. J. Cancer 124, 376–380 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

E. Canetta, M. Mazilu, A. C. De Luca, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, S. Neilson, H. Sargeant, T. Briscoe, C. S. Herrington, A. C. Riches, “Modulated Raman spectroscopy for enhanced identification of bladder tumor cells in urine samples,” J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 037002 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Hamada, K. Fujita, N. I. Smith, M. Kobayashi, Y. Inouye, S. Kawata, “Raman microscopy for dynamic molecular imaging of living cells,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044027 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Microsc. (1)

M. G. L. Gustafsson, “Surpassing the lateral resolution limit by a factor of two using structured illumination microscopy,” J. Microsc. 198, 82–87 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

M. Delhaye, P. Dhamelincourt, “Raman microprobe and microscope with laser excitation,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 3, 33–43 (1975).
[Crossref]

J. Spectrosc. (1)

N. Gierlinger, M. Schwanninger, “The potential of Raman microscopy and Raman imaging in plant research,” J. Spectrosc. 21, 69–89 (2007).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (2)

A. Jonas, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, G. Rusciano, A. Sasso, S. Caserta, S. Guido, G. Marrucci, “Diffusive mixing of polymers investigated by Raman microspectroscopy and microrheology,” Langmuir 26, 14223–14230 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Guarrotxena, Y. Ren, A. Mikhailovsky, “Raman response of dithiolated nanoparticle linkers,” Langmuir 27, 347–351 (2011).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. C. De Luca, S. Manago, M. A. Ferrara, I. Rendina, L. Sirleto, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, P. Ferraro, G. Coppola, “Non-invasive sex assessment in bovine semen by Raman spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 055604 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

L. Li, T. Hutter, A. S. Finnemore, F. M. Huang, J. J. Baumberg, S. R. Elliott, U. Steiner, S. Mahajan, “Metal oxide nanoparticle mediated enhanced Raman scattering and its use in direct monitoring of interfacial chemical reactions,” Nano Lett. 12, 4242–4246 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Graf, F. Molitor, K. Ensslin, C. Stampfer, A. Jungen, A. C. Hierold, L. Wirtz, “Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy of single- and few-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 7, 238–242 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Methods (2)

L. Shao, P. Kner, E. H. Rego, M. Gustafsson, “Super-resolution 3D microscopy of live whole cells using structured illumination,” Nat. Methods 8, 1044–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Abrahamsson, J. Chen, B. Hajj, S. Stallinga, A. Y. Katsov, J. Wisniewski, G. Mizuguchi, P. Soule, F. Mueller, C. D. Darzacq, X. Darzacq, C. Wu, C. I. Bargmann, D. A. Agard, M. Dahan, M. G. Gustafsson, “Fast multicolor 3D imaging using aberration-corrected multifocus microscopy,” Nat. Methods 10, 60–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. Mudry, K. Belkebir, J. Girard, J. Savatier, E. Le Moal, C. Nicoletti, M. Allain, A. Sentenac, “Structured illumination microscopy using unknown speckle patterns,” Nat. Photonics 6, 312–315 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Protoc. (1)

A. F. Palonpon, J. Ando, H. Yamakoshi, K. Dodo, M. Sodeoka, S. Kawata, K. Fujita, “Raman and SERS microscopy for molecular imaging of live cells,” Nat. Protoc. 8, 677–692 (2013).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. C. De Luca, S. Kosmeier, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Optical eigenmode imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 021803 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

V. Studer, J. Bobin, M. Chahida, H. S. Mousavia, E. Candes, M. Dahane, “Compressive fluorescence microscopy for biological and hyperspectral imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, E1679–E1687 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. Kosmeier, A. C. De Luca, S. Zolotovskaya, A. Di Falco, K. Dholakia, M. Mazilu, “Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sensors (1)

G. Rusciano, A. C. De Luca, G. Pesce, A. Sasso, “Raman tweezers as a diagnostic tool of hemoglobin-related blood disorders,” Sensors 8, 7818–7832 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental configuration for OEi Raman microscopy. LLF, laser line filter at 785 nm; L, lens; SLM, spatial light modulator; M, mirror; I, iris to filter out first diffraction order from SLM; DBS, dichroic beam splitter reflecting visible light and transmitting infrared light; CCD, CCD camera; NF, notch filters to transmit Raman scattered light into the spectrograph; MO, microscope objective; S, sample. (b) Spatial field distribution and (c) orthonormality matrix of the first nine OEis.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Spectrum for one polystyrene bead and one PMAA bead illuminated with the fourth eigenmode and 3 s acquisition time. The area of the PMAA peak is indicated in blue, while that of polystyrene is highlighted in red. (b) White-light image of the sample with a polystyrene bead in the top right corner and a PMAA bead in the lower left corner. (c), (d) Raman images obtained with 26×26 points raster scans. (f), (g) OEi Raman images corresponding to (c) and (d). (e) Graphical superposition of the intensity distributions in (c) and (d), showing the positions of the polystyrene bead (red) and the PMAA bead (blue). (h) Same as (e) for the OEi images.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Schematic of the SERS sample: 200 nm gold particle on a gold surface coated with analyte dithiol. The hotspot between the gold layer and the sphere gives rise to a SERS signal. (b) SEM image of a sample area similar to the imaged one. (c) Reflected laser light from the 9μm×9μm ROI chosen for imaging. Two agglomerates of gold particles are visible as dark spots. (d) SERS Raman raster scan of the sample plane. (e)–(i) OEi imaging reconstruction for M=4 to M=60 modes. (j) SERS spectrum of dithiol.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Experimental signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and noise level as a function of the number of OEi illuminations. (b) Theoretical SNR and noise level as a function of the number of OEi illuminations for a paraxial optical stochastically system including CCD readout, SLM beam creation, and optical system noise.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Full field of view image of a SUDAFED sample: a paracetamol crystal (top right corner) and a caffeine crystal (bottom left corner). The white square indicates the ROI. (b) Spectrum of the compound sample, in the ROI, illuminated with the 12th OEi mode, 5 s acquisition time, and 250 μm slit width. (c)–(f) Hyperspectral images of the ROI for different number M of OEis.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ROIEj*Ekdσ=δjk,
ck*(λ)=1np=0n1ei2πnpROIsλ|Eref+ei2πnpEk|2dσ=ROIsλEref*Ekdσ,
dk*(λ)=1np=0n1ei2πnp|ROIT(Eref+ei2πnpEk)dσ|2ROITEkdσ,
T(λ)=k=1Mck(λ)Ek,

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