Abstract

Temporal cavity soliton generation in fiber cavities or microresonators has achieved great breakthroughs and found significant applications in many fields. Despite recent advances in soliton frequency comb generation via external driving or pump light, it remains challenging to identify a versatile approach for driving the cavity coherently, tuning the mode spacing of soliton frequency combs largely, and achieving long-term operation. Here, instead of using external pump light to drive the cavity coherently, intra-cavity pumping is proposed to drive a Kerr-nonlinear optical cavity for generating temporal solitons and soliton frequency combs. By introducing the Brillouin gain into the cavity, the generated intra-cavity Brillouin lasers are used as the pump light to drive the cavity coherently for generating temporal solitons. In contrast to previous works, the soliton pulses form spontaneously via intra-cavity pumping without the need for fine-tuning the external pump light (to match the cavity resonance), which enables the generation of soliton frequency combs via cascaded four-wave mixing between multiple wavelength intra-cavity Brillouin lasers. Furthermore, by varying the frequency separation of multiple wavelength intra-cavity Brillouin lasers, the soliton pulses with a pulse width of hundreds of femtoseconds and a repetition rate of gigahertz (GHz) to terahertz (THz) are achieved via intra-cavity pumping, corresponding to the generation of soliton frequency combs with step tunable mode spacing from GHz to THz.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Deterministic generation of single soliton Kerr frequency comb in microresonators by a single shot pulsed trigger

Zhe Kang, Feng Li, Jinhui Yuan, K. Nakkeeran, J. Nathan Kutz, Qiang Wu, Chongxiu Yu, and P. K. A. Wai
Opt. Express 26(14) 18563-18577 (2018)

Spatiotemporal evolution of a cosine-modulated stationary field and Kerr frequency comb generation in a microresonator

Xiaohong Hu, Yuanshan Liu, Xin Xu, Ye Feng, Wenfu Zhang, Weiqiang Wang, Jiazheng Song, Yishan Wang, and Wei Zhao
Appl. Opt. 54(29) 8751-8757 (2015)

Octave-spanning dissipative Kerr soliton frequency combs in Si3N4 microresonators

Martin H. P. Pfeiffer, Clemens Herkommer, Junqiu Liu, Hairun Guo, Maxim Karpov, Erwan Lucas, Michael Zervas, and Tobias J. Kippenberg
Optica 4(7) 684-691 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. A. Lugiato, “Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: an overview,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193–196 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine (Springer, 2008).
  4. S. Wabnitz, “Suppression of interactions in a phase-locked soliton optical memory,” Opt. Lett. 18, 601–603 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. Nicolis and I. Prigogine, Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: from Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations (Wiley, 1977).
  6. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Optics and Photonics Series, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006).
  7. W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, “Cavity and feedback solitons,” Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54–58 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, “Soliton frequency comb at microwave rates in a high-Q silica microresonator,” Optica 2, 1078–1085 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. E. Obrzud, S. Lecomte, and T. Herr, “Temporal solitons in microresonators driven by optical pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 600–607 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Wang, F. Leo, J. Fatome, M. Erkintalo, S. G. Murdoch, and S. Coen, “Universal mechanism for the binding of temporal cavity solitons,” Optica 4, 855–863 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, S. G. Murdoch, and S. Coen, “Observation of dispersive wave emission by temporal cavity solitons,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5503–5506 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  17. Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  21. V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  22. D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  23. V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  24. Q. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Stokes solitons in optical microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 13, 53–57 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  25. D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  26. X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. N. Picqué and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 13, 146–157 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  30. T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, and S. Ezekiel, “Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications,” Opt. Lett. 16, 393–395 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  32. A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and D. Chowdhury, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 1–59 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  33. Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  34. H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  35. F. Mihélic, D. Bacquet, J. Zemmouri, and P. Szriftgiser, “Ultrahigh resolution spectral analysis based on a Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 432–434 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  36. M. Malinowski, A. Rao, P. Delfyett, and S. Fathpour, “Optical frequency comb generation by pulsed pumping,” APL Photon. 2, 066101 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  37. B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  38. M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, and P. Mandel, “Interaction and stability of periodic and localized structures in optical bistable systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 216–226 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  39. M. Erkintalo, Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, J. M. Dudley, and G. Genty, “Cascaded phase matching and nonlinear symmetry breaking in fiber frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 223904 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  40. D. Ceoldo, A. Bendahmane, J. Fatome, G. Millot, T. Hansson, D. Modotto, S. Wabnitz, and B. Kibler, “Multiple four-wave mixing and Kerr combs in a bichromatically pumped nonlinear fiber ring cavity,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5462–5465 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  41. L. A. Lugiato and R. Lefever, “Spatial dissipative structures in passive optical systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2209–2211 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  42. Y. K. K. Chembo and N. Yu, “Modal expansion approach to optical-frequency comb generation with monolithic whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033801 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  43. B. Morrison, A. Casas-Bedoya, G. Ren, K. Vu, Y. Liu, A. Zarifi, T. G. Nguyen, D.-Y. Choi, D. Marpaung, S. J. Madden, A. Mitchell, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact Brillouin devices through hybrid integration on silicon,” Optica 4, 847–854 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  44. N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
    [Crossref]

2019 (3)

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. Picqué and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 13, 146–157 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (6)

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (10)

B. Morrison, A. Casas-Bedoya, G. Ren, K. Vu, Y. Liu, A. Zarifi, T. G. Nguyen, D.-Y. Choi, D. Marpaung, S. J. Madden, A. Mitchell, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact Brillouin devices through hybrid integration on silicon,” Optica 4, 847–854 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. Obrzud, S. Lecomte, and T. Herr, “Temporal solitons in microresonators driven by optical pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 600–607 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, F. Leo, J. Fatome, M. Erkintalo, S. G. Murdoch, and S. Coen, “Universal mechanism for the binding of temporal cavity solitons,” Optica 4, 855–863 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Malinowski, A. Rao, P. Delfyett, and S. Fathpour, “Optical frequency comb generation by pulsed pumping,” APL Photon. 2, 066101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Stokes solitons in optical microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 13, 53–57 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Ceoldo, A. Bendahmane, J. Fatome, G. Millot, T. Hansson, D. Modotto, S. Wabnitz, and B. Kibler, “Multiple four-wave mixing and Kerr combs in a bichromatically pumped nonlinear fiber ring cavity,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5462–5465 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. K. Jang, M. Erkintalo, S. G. Murdoch, and S. Coen, “Observation of dispersive wave emission by temporal cavity solitons,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5503–5506 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

M. Erkintalo, Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, J. M. Dudley, and G. Genty, “Cascaded phase matching and nonlinear symmetry breaking in fiber frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 223904 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and D. Chowdhury, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 2, 1–59 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Mihélic, D. Bacquet, J. Zemmouri, and P. Szriftgiser, “Ultrahigh resolution spectral analysis based on a Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 432–434 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. K. K. Chembo and N. Yu, “Modal expansion approach to optical-frequency comb generation with monolithic whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033801 (2010).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

L. A. Lugiato, “Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: an overview,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, and P. Mandel, “Interaction and stability of periodic and localized structures in optical bistable systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 216–226 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, “Cavity and feedback solitons,” Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54–58 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

L. A. Lugiato and R. Lefever, “Spatial dissipative structures in passive optical systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2209–2211 (1987).
[Crossref]

Ackemann, T.

B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Optics and Photonics Series, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006).

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine (Springer, 2008).

Anderson, M. H.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ankiewicz, A.

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine (Springer, 2008).

Bacquet, D.

Bao, C.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bao, H.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Behunin, R. O.

N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bendahmane, A.

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bilenko, I. A.

Bluestone, A.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Brasch, V.

V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Briles, T. C.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cardenas, J.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Casas-Bedoya, A.

Ceoldo, D.

Chang, L.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chembo, Y. K. K.

Y. K. K. Chembo and N. Yu, “Modal expansion approach to optical-frequency comb generation with monolithic whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033801 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Choi, D.-Y.

Chowdhury, D.

Chu, S. T.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Coen, S.

Cole, D. C.

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cooper, A.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Del’Haye, P.

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P.

M. Malinowski, A. Rao, P. Delfyett, and S. Fathpour, “Optical frequency comb generation by pulsed pumping,” APL Photon. 2, 066101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Drake, T.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J. M.

M. Erkintalo, Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, J. M. Dudley, and G. Genty, “Cascaded phase matching and nonlinear symmetry breaking in fiber frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 223904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dutt, A.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

Emplit, P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Erkintalo, M.

Ezekiel, S.

Fathpour, S.

M. Malinowski, A. Rao, P. Delfyett, and S. Fathpour, “Optical frequency comb generation by pulsed pumping,” APL Photon. 2, 066101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fatome, J.

Feldmann, M.

B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000).
[Crossref]

Firth, W. J.

W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, “Cavity and feedback solitons,” Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54–58 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fredrick, C.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ganin, D.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

Geiselmann, M.

V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Genty, G.

M. Erkintalo, Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, J. M. Dudley, and G. Genty, “Cascaded phase matching and nonlinear symmetry breaking in fiber frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 223904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gongora, J. S. T.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gorza, S.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haelterman, M.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

N. Picqué and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 13, 146–157 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hansson, T.

Hartinger, K.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Herr, T.

E. Obrzud, S. Lecomte, and T. Herr, “Temporal solitons in microresonators driven by optical pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 600–607 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hillerkuss, D.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ilic, B. R.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jang, J. K.

Ji, X.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Joshi, C.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jost, J. D.

V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Karpov, M.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kemal, J. N.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kibler, B.

Kippenberg, T. J.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kittlaus, E. A.

N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kobyakov, A.

Kockaert, P.

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Komljenovic, T.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kondratiev, N. M.

N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koo, C.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Koptyaev, S.

Kordts, A.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Krockenberger, J.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lamb, E. S.

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lange, W.

B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lauermann, M.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lauro, L. D.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lecomte, S.

E. Obrzud, S. Lecomte, and T. Herr, “Temporal solitons in microresonators driven by optical pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 600–607 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lefever, R.

L. A. Lugiato and R. Lefever, “Spatial dissipative structures in passive optical systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2209–2211 (1987).
[Crossref]

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Leo, F.

Y. Wang, F. Leo, J. Fatome, M. Erkintalo, S. G. Murdoch, and S. Coen, “Universal mechanism for the binding of temporal cavity solitons,” Optica 4, 855–863 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lihachev, G.

N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Little, B. E.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

B. Morrison, A. Casas-Bedoya, G. Ren, K. Vu, Y. Liu, A. Zarifi, T. G. Nguyen, D.-Y. Choi, D. Marpaung, S. J. Madden, A. Mitchell, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact Brillouin devices through hybrid integration on silicon,” Optica 4, 847–854 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lucas, E.

N. G. Pavlov, G. Lihachev, S. Koptyaev, E. Lucas, M. Karpov, N. M. Kondratiev, I. A. Bilenko, T. J. Kippenberg, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Soliton dual frequency combs in crystalline microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 42, 514–517 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lugiato, L. A.

L. A. Lugiato, “Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: an overview,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

L. A. Lugiato and R. Lefever, “Spatial dissipative structures in passive optical systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2209–2211 (1987).
[Crossref]

Luke, K.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Madden, S. J.

Malinowski, M.

M. Malinowski, A. Rao, P. Delfyett, and S. Fathpour, “Optical frequency comb generation by pulsed pumping,” APL Photon. 2, 066101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mandel, P.

M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, and P. Mandel, “Interaction and stability of periodic and localized structures in optical bistable systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 216–226 (2003).
[Crossref]

Marin-Palomo, P.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Marpaung, D.

Mihélic, F.

Millot, G.

Mitchell, A.

Modotto, D.

Morandotti, R.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Morrison, B.

Moss, D. J.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Murdoch, S. G.

Newbury, N. R.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, T. G.

Nicolis, G.

G. Nicolis and I. Prigogine, Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: from Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations (Wiley, 1977).

Norberg, E.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Obrzud, E.

E. Obrzud, S. Lecomte, and T. Herr, “Temporal solitons in microresonators driven by optical pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 600–607 (2017).
[Crossref]

Oh, D. Y.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Okawachi, Y.

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Oppo, G.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Otterstrom, N. T.

N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
[Crossref]

Papp, S. B.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pasquazi, A.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pavlov, N. G.

Peccianti, M.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, M. H. P.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pfeifle, J.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

N. Picqué and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 13, 146–157 (2019).
[Crossref]

Prigogine, I.

G. Nicolis and I. Prigogine, Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: from Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations (Wiley, 1977).

Qin, G.

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Qin, W.

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Quinlan, F.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rakich, P. T.

N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
[Crossref]

Randel, S.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rao, A.

M. Malinowski, A. Rao, P. Delfyett, and S. Fathpour, “Optical frequency comb generation by pulsed pumping,” APL Photon. 2, 066101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ren, G.

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rosenberge, R.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rowley, M.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sauer, M.

Schäpers, B.

B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schindler, P.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schmogrow, R.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, B.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sinclair, L. C.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Smith, S. P.

Spencer, D. T.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, K.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stone, J.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Su, Y.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Suh, M.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Suh, M.-G.

Szriftgiser, P.

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Theogarajan, L.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tlidi, M.

M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, and P. Mandel, “Interaction and stability of periodic and localized structures in optical bistable systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 216–226 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tran, M.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Trocha, P.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Stokes solitons in optical microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 13, 53–57 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, “Soliton frequency comb at microwave rates in a high-Q silica microresonator,” Optica 2, 1078–1085 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vijayan, K.

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vladimirov, A. G.

M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, and P. Mandel, “Interaction and stability of periodic and localized structures in optical bistable systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 216–226 (2003).
[Crossref]

Volet, N.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vu, K.

Wabnitz, S.

Wang, C. Y.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, F. Leo, J. Fatome, M. Erkintalo, S. G. Murdoch, and S. Coen, “Universal mechanism for the binding of temporal cavity solitons,” Optica 4, 855–863 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wegner, D.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weimann, C.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weiss, C. O.

W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, “Cavity and feedback solitons,” Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54–58 (2002).
[Crossref]

Weng, H.

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Westly, D.

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wetzel, B.

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wolf, S.

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y. Q.

M. Erkintalo, Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, J. M. Dudley, and G. Genty, “Cascaded phase matching and nonlinear symmetry breaking in fiber frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 223904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. Y.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Stokes solitons in optical microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 13, 53–57 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, “Soliton frequency comb at microwave rates in a high-Q silica microresonator,” Optica 2, 1078–1085 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Stokes solitons in optical microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 13, 53–57 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, “Soliton frequency comb at microwave rates in a high-Q silica microresonator,” Optica 2, 1078–1085 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

Q. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Stokes solitons in optical microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 13, 53–57 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, “Soliton frequency comb at microwave rates in a high-Q silica microresonator,” Optica 2, 1078–1085 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

Y. K. K. Chembo and N. Yu, “Modal expansion approach to optical-frequency comb generation with monolithic whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033801 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zarifi, A.

Zarinetchi, F.

Zemmouri, J.

Zhang, W.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

AIP Adv. (1)

Q. Li, Z. Jia, Z. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, S. Chen, G. Qin, Y. Huang, and W. Qin, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in a dual wavelength Brillouin laser cavity,” AIP Adv. 7, 075215 (2017).
[Crossref]

APL Photon. (1)

M. Malinowski, A. Rao, P. Delfyett, and S. Fathpour, “Optical frequency comb generation by pulsed pumping,” APL Photon. 2, 066101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Weng, J. Han, Q. Li, Y. Yang, J. Xiao, G. Qin, and Y. Huang, “Optical frequency comb generation based on the dual-mode square microlaser and a nonlinear fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 91 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. A. Lugiato, “Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: an overview,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Tlidi, A. G. Vladimirov, and P. Mandel, “Interaction and stability of periodic and localized structures in optical bistable systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 216–226 (2003).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

V. Brasch, E. Lucas, J. D. Jost, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Self-referenced photonic chip soliton Kerr frequency comb,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (8)

D. C. Cole, E. S. Lamb, P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Soliton crystals in Kerr resonators,” Nat. Photonics 11, 671–676 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Pfeifle, V. Brasch, M. Lauermann, Y. Yu, D. Wegner, T. Herr, K. Hartinger, P. Schindler, J. Li, D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, C. Weimann, R. Holzwarth, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koo, “Coherent terabit communications with microresonator Kerr frequency comb,” Nat. Photonics 8, 375–380 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Picqué and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 13, 146–157 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5, 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Leo, S. Coen, P. Kockaert, S. Gorza, P. Emplit, and M. Haelterman, “Temporal cavity solitons in one-dimensional Kerr media as bits in an all-optical buffer,” Nat. Photonics 4, 471–476 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Obrzud, S. Lecomte, and T. Herr, “Temporal solitons in microresonators driven by optical pulses,” Nat. Photonics 11, 600–607 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Bao, A. Cooper, M. Rowley, L. D. Lauro, J. S. T. Gongora, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, G. Oppo, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, B. Wetzel, M. Peccianti, and A. Pasquazi, “Laser cavity-soliton microcombs,” Nat. Photonics 13, 214–218 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

Q. Yang, X. Yi, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Stokes solitons in optical microcavities,” Nat. Phys. 13, 53–57 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberge, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, “Cavity and feedback solitons,” Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54–58 (2002).
[Crossref]

Optica (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. K. K. Chembo and N. Yu, “Modal expansion approach to optical-frequency comb generation with monolithic whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033801 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

L. A. Lugiato and R. Lefever, “Spatial dissipative structures in passive optical systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2209–2211 (1987).
[Crossref]

M. Erkintalo, Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, J. M. Dudley, and G. Genty, “Cascaded phase matching and nonlinear symmetry breaking in fiber frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 223904 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Schäpers, M. Feldmann, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, “Interaction of localized structures in an optical pattern-forming system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 748–751 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

A. Dutt, C. Joshi, X. Ji, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, K. Luke, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “On-chip dual-comb source for spectroscopy,” Sci. Adv. 4, e1701858 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

W. Wang, S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, A. Pasquazi, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Zhang, L. Wang, X. Hu, G. Wang, H. Hu, Y. Su, F. Li, Y. Liu, and W. Zhao, “Dual-pump Kerr micro-cavity optical frequency comb with varying FSR spacing,” Sci. Rep. 6, 28501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (6)

M. Suh and K. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip-based optical frequency comb using soliton Cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, B. Shen, H. Wang, M. Tran, Z. Zhang, K. Y. Yang, L. Wu, C. Bao, J. Bowers, A. Yariv, and K. Vahala, “Vernier spectrometer using counterpropagating soliton microcombs,” Science 363, 965–968 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Suh, Q. Yang, K. Y. Yang, X. Yi, and K. J. Vahala, “Microresonator soliton dual-comb spectroscopy,” Science 354, 600–603 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. T. Otterstrom, R. O. Behunin, E. A. Kittlaus, Z. Wang, and P. T. Rakich, “A silicon Brillouin laser,” Science 360, 1113–1116 (2018).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

G. Nicolis and I. Prigogine, Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: from Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations (Wiley, 1977).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Optics and Photonics Series, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006).

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons: From Optics to Biology and Medicine (Springer, 2008).

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1       Supplementary materials

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Generation of temporal soliton and optical frequency comb using the Kerr nonlinear cavity by intra-cavity pumping. (a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. (b) The schematic diagram of intra-cavity lasers generation at the situation of the normal (dotted line) and red-detuned operation (active line) in the Brillouin cavity. (c) Generation of optical frequency comb in Brillouin laser cavity by stimulated Brillouin scattering and four-wave mixing.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic diagram of the experimental setup: multi-wavelength CW laser; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; optical circulator; HNLF, highly nonlinear fiber; an optical isolator; a 10 dB wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) coupler; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; ESA, electrical spectrum analyzer; PD, photodiode; frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) scan.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Output temporal properties of the cavity pulse in repetition rate of 80 GHz when the pump power is 650 mW. (b) Output spectrum of the frequency comb in frequency separation of 80 GHz when the pump power is 650 mW. The red curves indicate the ${{\rm sech}^2}$ fitting for the envelope of the spectrum and pulse profile.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Numerical results of (a) output temporal pulse in repetition of 80 GHz and (b) output spectrum of soliton frequency comb in frequency separation of 80 GHz. The red curves indicate the ${{\rm sech}^2}$ fitting for the envelope of the spectrum and pulse profile.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Output soliton frequency comb and temporal pulse in frequency separation of (a1), (a2) 37.5 GHz; (b1), (b2) 55 GHz; (c1),(c2) 80 GHz; (d1),(d2) 110 GHz; (e1),(e2) 200 GHz; (f1),(f2) 300 GHz for a cavity length of $\sim{322.6}\;{\rm m}$. The red curves indicate the ${{\rm sech}^2}$ fitting for the envelope of the spectrum and pulse profile. The inset in (a1) shows the measured RF beat note in the frequency separation of 37.5 GHz for a cavity length of $\sim{322.6}\;{\rm m}$, which is resolution bandwidth limited to 200 kHz width.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Output soliton frequency comb and temporal pulse in frequency separation of 37.5 GHz for a cavity length of $\sim{34.5}\;{\rm m}$. The red curves indicate the ${{\rm sech}^2}$ fitting for the envelope of the spectrum and pulse profile. The inset in (a) shows the measured RF beat note in the frequency separation of 37.5 GHz for a cavity length of $\sim{34.5}\;{\rm m}$, which is resolution bandwidth limited to 200 kHz width.