Abstract

We propose a new type of confocal microscope using Fresnel incoherent correlation holography (FINCH). Presented here is a confocal configuration of FINCH using a phase pinhole and point illumination that is able to suppress out-of-focus information from the recorded hologram and hence combine the super-resolution capabilities of FINCH with the sectioning capabilities of confocal microscopy.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

W. B. Amos, J. G. White, Biol. Cell 95, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Chmelík, Z. Harna, Opt. Eng. 38, 1635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

P. J. Verveer, Q. S. Hanley, P. W. Verbeek, L. J. Van Vliet, T. M. Jovin, J. Microsc. 189, 192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. H. Webb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

M. Minsky, Scanning 10, 128 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

Amos, W. B.

W. B. Amos, J. G. White, Biol. Cell 95, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brooker, G.

Chmelík, R.

R. Chmelík, Z. Harna, Opt. Eng. 38, 1635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hanley, Q. S.

P. J. Verveer, Q. S. Hanley, P. W. Verbeek, L. J. Van Vliet, T. M. Jovin, J. Microsc. 189, 192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harna, Z.

R. Chmelík, Z. Harna, Opt. Eng. 38, 1635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, N.

Jovin, T. M.

P. J. Verveer, Q. S. Hanley, P. W. Verbeek, L. J. Van Vliet, T. M. Jovin, J. Microsc. 189, 192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Katz, B.

Kelner, R.

Kurihara, M.

Leith, E. N.

McCutchen, C. W.

Minsky, M.

M. Minsky, Scanning 10, 128 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rosen, J.

Siegel, N.

Sun, P.-C.

Tanabe, A.

Van Vliet, L. J.

P. J. Verveer, Q. S. Hanley, P. W. Verbeek, L. J. Van Vliet, T. M. Jovin, J. Microsc. 189, 192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Verbeek, P. W.

P. J. Verveer, Q. S. Hanley, P. W. Verbeek, L. J. Van Vliet, T. M. Jovin, J. Microsc. 189, 192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Verveer, P. J.

P. J. Verveer, Q. S. Hanley, P. W. Verbeek, L. J. Van Vliet, T. M. Jovin, J. Microsc. 189, 192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, V.

Webb, R. H.

R. H. Webb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

White, J. G.

W. B. Amos, J. G. White, Biol. Cell 95, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biol. Cell (1)

W. B. Amos, J. G. White, Biol. Cell 95, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (1)

P. J. Verveer, Q. S. Hanley, P. W. Verbeek, L. J. Van Vliet, T. M. Jovin, J. Microsc. 189, 192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. Chmelík, Z. Harna, Opt. Eng. 38, 1635 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

R. H. Webb, Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 427 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scanning (1)

M. Minsky, Scanning 10, 128 (1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of FINCH recorders: (a) a dual-lens FINCH system; (b), (c) the proposed confocal FINCH systems. P1 and P2, polarizers; Lo, objective lens; Lc, converging lens; SLM1 and SLM2, spatial light modulators; CCD, charge-coupled device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup: RC1 and RC2, resolution charts; BS1, BS2, and BS3, beam splitters; P1 and P2, polarizers; Lo, objective lens; Lc, converging lens; SLM1 and SLM2, spatial light modulators; CCD, charge-coupled device.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results: (a) FINCH reconstruction of a 16.0cycles/mm resolution chart located 30 cm away from the objective lens, with the 18.0cycles/mm resolution chart at 31 cm; (b) FINCH reconstruction of a 18.0cycles/mm resolution chart located 30 cm away from the objective lens, with the 16.0cycles/mm resolution chart at 29 cm; (c), (d) the optical sectioning FINCH equivalents of (a) and (b), respectively.

Equations (4)

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G(r⃗;r⃗l)={exp(iφk)|r⃗r⃗lr⃗s|r1exp(iα|r⃗r⃗lr⃗s|)P(r⃗/R2)Otherwise,
I=|c1eiφkQ(1l1)hill(zo)hdet(ma,1zo)+c2Q(1l2)hill(zo)|2,
H(x,y)=coQ(1zr)hill(zo)hill*(zo)hdet(ma,1zo)P(r⃗/RH),
h(u,v;zo)=H(x,y)*Q(1zr)hill(zo)hill*(zo)hdet(ma,1zo)F{P(λzrr⃗/RH)}|hill(zo)|2hdet(ma,1zo)Jinc(2πRHλzru2+v2),

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