Abstract

The optical damage performance of electrically conductive gallium nitride (GaN) and indium tin oxide (ITO) films is addressed using large area, high power laser beam exposures at 1064 nm sub-bandgap wavelength. Analysis of the laser damage process assumes that onset of damage (threshold) is determined by the absorption and heating of a nanoscale region of a characteristic size reaching a critical temperature. This model is used to rationalize semi-quantitatively the pulse width scaling of the damage threshold from picosecond to nanosecond timescales, along with the pulse width dependence of the damage threshold probability derived by fitting large beam damage density data. Multi-shot exposures were used to address lifetime performance degradation described by an empirical expression based on the single exposure damage model. A damage threshold degradation of at least 50% was observed for both materials. Overall, the GaN films tested had 5-10 × higher optical damage thresholds than the ITO films tested for comparable transmission and electrical conductivity. The route to optically robust, large aperture transparent electrodes and power optoelectronics may thus involve use of next generation widegap semiconductors such as GaN.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

The optical laser damage performance of widegap semiconductors under peak fluence operating conditions and lifetime exposures can limit optoelectronic devices used in high rep rate, high power lasers [1], in power laser diodes [2], in photoconductive switches for high power radiation generation [3, 4], in Pockels cell for optical switching and amplification [5], and in optical light valves for beam shaping technologies [6]. Transparent electrode development to date has mostly focused on improving light transmission and film electrical conductivity to minimize losses [7, 8]. However, there is an emerging need to also increase the optical damage performance of large aperture transparent conductive and photoconductive films to support increasingly more powerful power optoelectronics operating at high switching rates and laser intensities. In particular, illuminated semiconductor materials can be key failure points in those devices because of free carrier and light absorbing defects, even in wide bandgap materials exposed to sub-bandgap photon energies [9]. When subjected to repeated pulse laser exposures, the “optical incubation” of widegap semiconductors significantly lowers their damage fluence threshold [10], which is their most relevant lifetime performance criterion. On the other hand, single pulse exposure allows probing the fundamental mechanisms of light absorption resulting in damage initiation or degradation. In crystalline semiconductors, nanoscale damage precursors are related to optically active crystal defects [11–13]. These defects mostly exist due to processing or growth conditions and are therefore responsible for extrinsic damage, but attribution of laser damage to specific defects remains elusive. Therefore, a better understanding and characterization of defects contribution to optical damage would help push semiconductors damage threshold up to their intrinsic limits when exposed to sub-bandgap photon energies. That limit is determined by multiphoton or avalanche ionization from exposure to high laser intensities [14]. However, in practice, that limit is never achieved on the scale of a device area because intentional or un-intentional defects in semiconductors are a source of light absorption [15, 16].

In this letter, we focus on the optical damage performance of two important semiconducting materials that can currently be scaled to large aperture transparent electrodes or photoconductive crystals. The first, Tin-doped Indium Oxide (ITO), is widely used due to its wide bandgap (Eg = 4.0 eV), high light transmission, and high electrical conductivity. ITO is typically coated by physical vapor deposition as a thin polycrystalline layer with grain sizes on the order of the film thickness. ITO represents thus a baseline semiconductor material for comparison to other widegap conductive materials used as transparent electrodes. The second is doped Gallium Nitride (GaN), a next generation semiconductor that is increasingly used in power electronics because of its wideband gap (Eg ~3.4eV), thermal stability, high mobility, and high electric field breakdown [17]. GaN is typically grown epitaxially by chemical vapor deposition above ~1300K on top of an Aluminum Nitride (AlN) buffer layer on sapphire substrates, which results in a significant number of dislocation defects near that lattice mismatched interface.

ITO and GaN laser damage morphologies from single and lifetime laser pulse exposures were addressed recently contrasting their laser damage modes and mechanisms. Degenerately doped ITO with ~1020-1021 cm−3 free carrier density, Ne, exhibits bulk thermal degradation beginning with film thermomechanical cracking, melting, and evaporation as the beam fluence is increased. For such ITO films, free carrier absorption is the dominant damage mechanism involving rapid free electron-phonon relaxations and lattice thermalization on time scales ~1-10 ps. In contrast, for GaN films with Ne ~1019 cm−3 laser damage occurs by highly localized absorption from interfacial defects and clusters [11] resulting in explosive material ejection and formation of pits [18]. Most laser damage and lifetime studies on GaN have focused on damage well above threshold for the purposes of laser processing of GaN in the sub-ps pulse width regime [19, 20]. Therefore, in a fluence regime that is irrelevant to optoelectronic devices. Similarly, ITO laser damage studies have focused on laser patterning of ITO films above threshold [21–24]. Single pulse laser damage studies of ITO were performed for a limited set of pulse conditions, pulse lengths, or on limited areas [21, 25–28]. An analysis that is based on large test areas with a high power laser, over a range of pulse lengths, that includes lifetime performance tests has been missing. Furthermore, we include analysis on two semiconductor model systems with radically different absorption mechanisms, in part, to emphasize the generality of the physical processes involved. Such tests can ultimately help rationalize the optical damage performance of a broad range of semiconductors under practical conditions.

This study addresses the fluence dependent spatial density of GaN damage for a range of fluence energies and pulse lengths, from which a damage threshold probability distribution is derived along with a number density of absorbing defects, Nd. The damage threshold probability distribution can be related to a distribution of the size of the absorbing regions and their absorption coefficient, α [25], which is specific to a material or process. For the ITO used, such distribution does not apply since the film damages in bulk and not at discrete absorption sites, yet, a characteristic absorption size can still be applied to model ITO films damage. The temporal scaling of the damage threshold is described, along with the lifetime trends using a simple energy balance model for absorbing defect clusters or regions of absorption within the films. This model assumes specifically that the onset of apparent damage (i.e., threshold) is determined by reaching a critical temperature, Tc, from nanoscale absorbing regions of a characteristic size [29, 30]. The lifetime performance damage thresholds are analyzed by introducing an empirical relation describing material “fatigue” using an incubation coefficient, S, that captures the material defect accumulation from repeated pulse exposure cycles. That relation is still based on a physical model of the single pulse threshold allowing, in principle, extension of lifetime optical damage performance models to a range of materials and optical device conditions. A stable device operating fluence, F(∞), is also extracted. In general, thus, the analysis of the optical damage performance presented here on GaN and ITO are likely applicable to other widegap semiconductors.

2. Experimental method

Optical damage performance and laser damage threshold values of ITO and GaN film samples were determined using laser pulse exposures at normal incidence and a λL = 1064 nm (Ev = 1.16 eV) corresponding to the Nd:YAG laser fundamental wavelength. Damage threshold values are determined based on observations of film transformation by optical microscopy post-exposure. The cumulative damage probability curves, g, were obtained by exposing 10 sites to a given fluence, and counting the number, n, of damaged sites such that gp, F) = n/10 using a laser system with a Gaussian beam of ϕ = 0.65 mm diameter (1/e2) of various pulse widths [18]. Lifetime tests were performed with the same laser at 10 Hz rep rates (τp = 9.5 ns) up to N = 105 exposures (power stability ± 3%) on commercially available ITO and GaN samples from various sources. Picosecond pulse lengths damage threshold values were determined using another laser systems with Gaussian beams ϕ ~0.15 mm dia. (1/e2) described elsewhere [31]. Single large beam exposures up to ~1 cm2 and fluences, F, up to ~45 J/cm2 were carried out using a high power laser system with beam diagnostics described previously [32]. The resulting fluence and damage site maps were registered to derive damage density curves, ρ(F) [33], such that a significant number of sparse absorbing defects on GaN samples could be probed at pulse lengths of τp = 9.5, 3, and 0.3 ns. All pulse temporal profiles used were Gaussian (FHWM). In general, damage trends with fluence were very similar between samples, although lifetime performance could vary by orders of magnitude, even within samples of the same batch, indicating limited control in the production of optically robust samples, especially for GaN films. ITO films with thickness, d, ranging from 10 to 100 nm on five mm thick glass substrates were used as-received with Ne on the order of 1020-1021 cm−3 and mobilities, µe ~-10 cm2(Vs)−1 as determined from Hall Effect measurements. Intentionally doped (Silicon) GaN films with thickness ranging from 2 to 5 µm included a 300 nm AlN buffer layer on top of the 500 µm thick sapphire wafers.

3. Results and discussion

3.1 Laser damage morphology

GaN samples were used as-received and as grown with Ne ~1019 cm−3 and µe~-100 cm2(Vs)−1. Sheet resistances, Rs, ranged from 10 to 100 Ohm/sq for both GaN and ITO samples, and total transmission values of ~75-90% were comparable at 1064 nm as determined from transmission spectroscopy. Thicker GaN films had higher mobility values but much lower Ne than the ITO films by a factor of ~10, resulting in Rs values that were comparable for GaN and ITO samples given the scaling of Rs ~1/Neµed. Still, laser energy absorption scales as ~exp[-(Nee)d], hence free carrier absorption induced significant bulk heating in ITO films. In contrast, in GaN films with much lower Ne, localized defect driven absorption was the dominant damage mechanism [18].

The differences in laser damage morphology are clearly visible between ITO and GaN films in Figs. 1(a) and 1(b), respectively. The corresponding laser beam fluence maps are included in Figs. 1(c) and 1(d). In the ITO film case, the extent of bulk ablation and evaporation film removal is, as expected, directly related to the “hot” areas of the damage fluence map. In areas of high beam fluences complete removal down to the substrate was observed, while in others some film remained within the lower fluence areas. In GaN film, the number density of µ-sized damage pits increased with the local beam fluence.

 

Fig. 1 (A) Large area single pulse beam exposure illustrating ITO and (B) GaN film damage (τp = 3 ns). (C) The corresponding beam pulse fluence maps are shown for ITO and (D) for GaN.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

3.2 Damage threshold probability distribution

The range of fluences accessible for a given exposure and pulse length is determined by the inherent beam spatial contrast (Figs. 1(c) and 1(d)). This beam contrast is exploited here to derive the ρ(F) data set shown in Fig. 2(a) for τp = 9.5, 3, and 0.3 ns. Due to the variability in GaN samples characteristics and the limited area available for large beam tests on 54 mm round samples, only a few pulse lengths and fluence ranges could be probed down to a minimum of 300 ps for large beam tests. The ρ(F) data was fitted assuming a single Rician damage threshold probability distribution of absorbing GaN defect clusters with shape parameters (σ, ν), f(F |σ, ν). The Rician distribution is similar to a Gaussian which fits laser damage data well [25, 34]. However, unlike a Gaussian, a Rician has the benefit of vanishing at zero fluence. The product of the cumulative f and Nd defect density gives the damage density for F, with Nd, σ, and ν as fitting parameters

ρ(F)=NdFtexp(σ2+t22ν2)I0(tσν2)dt
where I0 is the modified Bessel function of the first kind and order zero. From the ρ(F) GaN data fit Nd of 820, 460, and 2130/cm2 were obtained for τp = 9.5, 3, and 0.3 ns, respectively (Fig. 2(a)). This Nd variability occurs for at least two reasons. The first may involve variability in defect distributions within the film area. The second maybe related to pulse length conditions discussed below that produce a number of apparent damage events depending on the size of the absorbing region. Notably, some GaN samples damaged at much lower fluences (<1 J/cm2) with Nd up to 106/cm2 (data not shown). Such samples were always associated with much higher Y-band UV photoluminescence emitted from interfacial areas near the film-substrate region, potentially due to emissions and absorption from carbon complex impurities [18, 35, 36]. In the results shown in Fig. 2(a) some areas of the samples were exposed to fluences < 5 J/cm2 near the edge of the beam (Fig. 1(d)) but no damage was apparent either due to a lack of damage detection sensitivity, or to the presence of fewer such defects within the areas addressed by the beam at these fluences. The damage probability distributions derived from the fit using |Eq. (1), P = f(F |σ, ν), get narrower for shorter pulses (Fig. 2(b)). This narrowing of the distribution is consistent with laser damage of KDP crystals, where peak absorption was predicted to depend on inclusion size [12, 37, 38]. Figure 2(c) illustrates this point as follows. A large absorbing volume of radius, R, is exposed to either a short (τp1) or a long pulse (τp2) resulting in thermal diffusion lengths, L1 and L2, that are both much smaller than R. In this case, most of the temperature increase is determined by the total energy absorbed given approximately by the absorption cross section, beam intensity, and pulse duration. Thus, for a given beam intensity, a critical damage temperature Tc is reached for the longer pulse but not for the shorter pulse for which less energy is accumulated. In Fig. 2(d), when R is significantly smaller than L, such as for L2, the heat affected zone ~R + L becomes too large for the energy absorbed to drive the temperature up to Tc. In that case, Tc is only reached for the shorter pulse where the heat generation remains confined to the absorption region when L1 <<R. The corresponding temperature rise is tracked as T1and T2 in Figs. 2(c) and 2(d) for pulse durations τp1, and τp2 respectively. This interpretation gives a rational for the experimentally derived damage probability distribution, essentially by stating that different sized absorbers in the distribution determine the threshold for different pulse lengths, hence the range of Nd observed for different τp. A more rigorous approach would include the Mie scattering contribution, however, there’s still no index data for the absorbing defects regions to derive, a priori, a shape for P = f(F) based on a size distribution of R.

 

Fig. 2 (A) GaN film damage density data and curve fits (Eq. (1)) for the laser pulse widths indicated. The defect densities shown in parenthesis along with (B) the laser damage threshold distribution were extracted from data fit. A schematic of beam pulses and absorbing regions illustrates long and short pulse exposures resulting in conditions when the thermal diffusion length, L, (C) is much smaller than the size of a large absorbing region, R, (D) or when L is much larger than R for longer pulses.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

3.3 Damage threshold pulse scaling

Following characterization of the spatial scaling of laser damage above, the temporal pulse scaling is addressed next. Threshold intensities as a function of pulse lengths from ps to ns are shown for both ITO and GaN in Fig. 3. Remarkably, although the experimental threshold intensity values are much lower for ITO than GaN due to their different absorption mechanisms, both follow similar non-monotonic trends. This suggests that similar heat induced failure processes are occurring for laser damaged ITO and GaN. Based on an approximation of the heat flow equation solution [37] that assumes a uniform temperature rise, ΔT, within an absorbing region with the same thermal properties as its surrounding, the threshold temperature Tc can be predicted from

ρdCpdTdt=α(F/τp)1+6Dt/R2
The single pulse threshold fluence, Fth(1), is then given directly by integrating over τp
Fth(1)=18KΔTτpR2α(6Dτp/R2Ln(1+6Dτp/R2))
Where ρd is the density, Cp the specific heat, K is the thermal conductivity, and D is the thermal diffusivity. The threshold intensity is given approximately by Ith = Fthp. R is selected as the film thickness for ITO and as half the AlN buffer layer thickness (R = 150 nm) as the characteristic absorbing region size for the GaN film since that layer is known to be a rich source of defects and absorbers [18, 19, 39]. Film absorption was measured by transmission and ellipsometry spectroscopy for ITO giving αITO = 5300 cm−1, and a similar value was assumed for GaN defect absorption, αGaN = 5000 cm−1. The choice of Tc in ΔT, becomes problematic since the threshold optical failure may involve reaching a different Tc associated with specific thermally activated process, including thermomechanical failure, point defects formation, melting, explosive boiling and, perhaps, complex dynamic effects where positive feedback loops (ex. bandgap collapse) can drive absorption to the point of catastrophic optical damage [40]. We assume here that the onset of damage is determined at Tc at the melting point of ITO Tm = 1800K, and GaN at Tm = 2800K. The selection of Tm as a Tc is partially justified because catastrophic optical damage in other III-V semiconductors were found to involve local melting from heating as a result of non-radiative recombination initiated at defects [41]. Furthermore, our own imaging reveals melting in region of laser damage in both ITO and GaN [18].

 

Fig. 3 Single exposure laser damage threshold intensity pulse scaling data and model calculations for GaN and ITO. Solid lines are predictions based on the melting point temperature damage criteria, Tc. Dashed lines are based on selected lower temperature criteria to describe the lower bound threshold intensities of ITO and GaN of Tc = 1000K and Tc = 1500K, respectively.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

Fixed thermal material properties from published sources were used for both ITO and GaN in Eq. (3) K = 11 W/m.K, D = 4.6 × 10−6 m2/s and K = 128W/m.K, D = 4.3 × 10−5 m2/s for ITO and GaN, respectively. Using the melting point as a criterion for optical threshold failure, the pulse length dependent threshold curve predictions from Eq. (3) agree with the upper limit of the data for both ITO and GaN films as represented by the solid lines in Fig. 3. Lower bound values represented by dashed lines were obtained by using a lower Tc = 1000K for ITO and a Tc = 1500K for GaN, which may be related to a thermomechanical stress threshold for ITO [18], or a thermal runaway in GaN [13, 40–43]. At damage onset the affected region in ITO films often appeared dark with a dense network of fractures without apparent grain melting [18]. For GaN, such darkening was not apparent and explosive eruptions occurred at damage onset. Interestingly still, this model approximately captures the threshold pulse scaling behavior from picosecond to nanosecond time scales and, qualitatively at least, describe the laser damage of both ITO and GaN by simple consideration of the energy flux balance confined to a discrete laser light absorbing region. Similar results were noted for dielectric materials based on a thermomechanical stress criterion [44]. Photon absorption by free carriers occurs on sub-ps time scales, but the ensuing electron-lattice thermalization occurs over ps or longer times, while the damage processes takes nanoseconds or microseconds to evolve [14, 44]. Although we have not used sub-ps pulse exposures, our model suggests that full thermalization and permanent onset of damage for semiconductors extends down to at least 1 ps laser pulse excitation, with thermally activated transformations near the melting point as a critical temperature. This is consistent with previous results on dielectrics [45]. Finally, from Eq. (3) the Fth1/2 pulse scaling rule arises naturally and can be applied to the optical damage performance of both ITO and GaN as a good approximation for ps to ns pulse widths exposures.

3.4 Lifetime optical damage threshold

Following measurements and analysis of single pulse scaling thresholds, we determined the lifetime optical damage threshold for 5µm thick Si doped GaN film on 0.3 µm AlN buffer layer and sapphire substrate, and for a typical 10 nm thick ITO film on glass. Damage probability curves for single and multiple exposures, N, up to 105 cycles are shown in Fig. 4 for the same pulse width (τp = 9.5 ns). The ITO sample damaged at much lower fluences than the GaN sample by a factor of 5-10 × reflecting the bulk thermal degradation from high Ne absorption in ITO films and its lower thermal stability. The probability curves are steep, with increases from 0% to 100% damage probability from increases in fluence of 0.25 to 0.5 J/cm2 for ITO and for 1-2 J/cm2 for GaN, suggesting that for both materials the local laser pulse absorption is relatively uniform within the areas tested by the beam. The incubation effect is apparent for both samples as the threshold is reduced by 50% for GaN and 70% for ITO when going from single pulse exposure to N = 105 exposures. For ITO films, a visible darkening of the film precedes gross degradation related to the formation of thermomechanical crack formation that increases laser light absorption [18]. In GaN films, no such transformation occurs prior to gross optical failure, thus the origins of this incubation remains unclear. It is reasonable to assume that the same critical temperature determines the damage threshold during incubation, except that an increase in laser absorption over multiple exposures reduces the fluence needed to produce apparent film damage. Still, a weakening of the material may lower that critical temperature as well.

 

Fig. 4 (A) Damage probability curves (solid lines) for ITO and GaN films for the indicated number of exposures, Np = 9.5 ns). the dashed line represent the calculated probability curve based on the fit of data in Figs. 2(a) and 2(b). (B) Lifetime damage threshold performance data dependence on number of exposures for ITO and GaN (τp = 9.5 ns).

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

The single pulse GaN damage probability curve determined from the ρ(F) curve fitting (Fig. 2(a)) is shown in Fig. 4(a) as a dashed line. The expected threshold damage where the probability curves begin to increase (near Fth) with F agrees well with the data. However these curves under-predict the extent of damage above Fth. This discrepancy maybe related to the use of different samples with different Nd defect densities, or to the scatter of data used for the fitting of ρ(F) data.

A lifetime empirical model is introduced to do a least-square fit using S and Fth() of the optical performance degradation in Fig. 3(b) over N exposures [46]

Fth(N)=Fth()+[Fth(1)Fth()]exp[S(N1)]
where Fth(1) is given by Eq. (3), a larger S indicates faster degradation with N, and Fth() is the fluence below which no damage occurs. For the GaN film, S = 0.09, while for ITO S = 0.007 corresponding to a faster initial degradation for GaN than ITO, while F() = 4.4 J/cm2 is higher for GaN than for the ITO film F() = 0.53 J/cm2.

4. Conclusions

The absorbers heating model presented here was applied to describe the experimental GaN and ITO films pulse-width damage threshold scaling, damage threshold probability distribution, and the lifetime threshold degradation. This model can describe the optical damage performance of conductive widegap semiconductors based on their thermal and optical properties, along with the laser parameters, and a characteristic absorption length scale. Transparent, conductive, or photoconductive electrodes based on GaN with low free carrier, low defects, and high mobility represent a promising route for improving the optical damage performance of emerging high power optoelectronic devices.

Funding

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) (DE-AC52-07NA27344); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Laboratory Directed Research and Development grant (15-ERD-057)

Acknowledgments

This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract DE-AC52-07NA27344 within the LDRD program.

References and links

1. J. Wallace, “Four 800 kW laser-diode arrays to pump high-pulse-rate HAPLS petawatt laser,” Laser Focus World 51(5), 15–16 (2015).

2. A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013). [CrossRef]  

3. M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009). [CrossRef]  

4. J. S. Sullivan and J. R. Stanley, “Wide Bandgap extrinsic photoconductive switches,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(5), 2528–2532 (2008). [CrossRef]  

5. F. Harth, T. Ulm, M. Lührmann, R. Knappe, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High power laser pulses with voltage controlled durations of 400 - 1000 ps,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7002–7007 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011). [CrossRef]  

7. T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bull. 25(08), 58–65 (2000). [CrossRef]  

8. K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 809–816 (2012). [CrossRef]  

9. P. G. Eliseev, “Optical strength of semiconductor laser materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 1–82 (1996). [CrossRef]  

10. Z. L. Sun, M. Lenzner, and W. Rudolph, “Generic incubation law for laser damage and ablation thresholds,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(7), 073102 (2015). [CrossRef]  

11. G. Duchateau and A. Dyan, “Coupling statistics and heat transfer to study laser-induced crystal damage by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4557–4576 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

12. M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004). [CrossRef]  

13. S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, “Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(10), 5720–5728 (2002). [CrossRef]  

14. S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

15. H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Fundamental limits on optical transparency of transparent conducting oxides: Free-carrier absorption in SnO2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 011914 (2012). [CrossRef]  

16. H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Free-carrier absorption in transparent conducting oxides: Phonon and impurity scattering in SnO2,” Phys. Rev. B 92(23), 235201 (2015). [CrossRef]  

17. T. J. Flack, B. N. Pushpakaran, and S. B. Bayne, “GaN technology for power electronic applications: a review,” J. Electron. Mater. 45(6), 2673–2682 (2016). [CrossRef]  

18. J.-H. Yoo, M. G. Menor, J. J. Adams, R. N. Raman, J. R. I. Lee, T. Y. Olson, N. Shen, J. Suh, S. G. Demos, J. Bude, and S. Elhadj, “Laser damage mechanisms in conductive widegap semiconductor films,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17616–17634 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000). [CrossRef]  

20. P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999). [CrossRef]  

21. T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995). [CrossRef]  

22. D. A. Willis, “Thermal mechanisms of laser micromachining of indium tin oxide,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 313–320 (2004). [CrossRef]  

23. S. Z. Xiao, E. L. Gurevich, and A. Ostendorf, ““Incubation effect and its influence on laser patterning of ITO thin film,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 107(2), 333–338 (2012).

24. O. Yavas, C. Ochiai, and M. Takai, ““Substrate-assisted laser patterning of indium tin oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 69(1), S875–S878 (1999).

25. Z. M. Liao, M. L. Spaeth, K. Manes, J. J. Adams, and C. W. Carr, “Predicting laser-induced bulk damage and conditioning for deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals using an absorption distribution model,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2538–2540 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

26. W. T. Pawlewicz and R. Busch, “Reactively sputtered oxide optical coatings for inertial confinement fusion laser components,” Thin Solid Films 63(2), 251–256 (1979). [CrossRef]  

27. H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011). [CrossRef]  

28. H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011). [CrossRef]  

29. M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Efficiency of various mechanisms of the laser damage in transparent solids,” Quantum Electron. 32(7), 623–628 (2002). [CrossRef]  

30. M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Mechanical damage in transparent solids caused by laser pulses of different durations,” Quantum Electron. 32(4), 335–340 (2002). [CrossRef]  

31. R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016). [CrossRef]  

32. M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

33. D. A. Cross and C. W. Carr, “Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D7–D11 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

34. H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005). [CrossRef]  

35. D. O. Demchenko, I. C. Diallo, and M. A. Reshchikov, “Yellow Luminescence of Gallium Nitride Generated by Carbon Defect Complexes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(8), 087404 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

36. J. L. Lyons, A. Janotti, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Effects of carbon on the electrical and optical properties of InN, GaN, and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 89(3), 035204 (2014). [CrossRef]  

37. M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. Runkel, “Analysis of bulk DKDP damage distribution, obscuration and pulse length dependence,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 383–388 (2001). [CrossRef]  

38. M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999). [CrossRef]  

39. Z. Yu, H. He, W. Sun, H. Qi, M. Yang, Q. Xiao, and M. Zhu, “Damage threshold influenced by the high absorption defect at the film-substrate interface under ultraviolet laser irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4308–4311 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

40. J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011). [CrossRef]  

41. C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979). [CrossRef]  

42. M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009). [CrossRef]  

43. C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010). [CrossRef]  

44. M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Formulation of the criterion of thermoelastic laser damage of transparent dielectrics and the dependence of damage threshold on pulse duration,” Quantum Electron. 27(10), 918–922 (1997). [CrossRef]  

45. A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999). [CrossRef]  

46. D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999). [CrossRef]  

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Wallace, “Four 800 kW laser-diode arrays to pump high-pulse-rate HAPLS petawatt laser,” Laser Focus World 51(5), 15–16 (2015).
  2. A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. S. Sullivan and J. R. Stanley, “Wide Bandgap extrinsic photoconductive switches,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(5), 2528–2532 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. F. Harth, T. Ulm, M. Lührmann, R. Knappe, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High power laser pulses with voltage controlled durations of 400 - 1000 ps,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7002–7007 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bull. 25(08), 58–65 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 809–816 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. G. Eliseev, “Optical strength of semiconductor laser materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 1–82 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  10. Z. L. Sun, M. Lenzner, and W. Rudolph, “Generic incubation law for laser damage and ablation thresholds,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(7), 073102 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. Duchateau and A. Dyan, “Coupling statistics and heat transfer to study laser-induced crystal damage by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4557–4576 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, “Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(10), 5720–5728 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Fundamental limits on optical transparency of transparent conducting oxides: Free-carrier absorption in SnO2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 011914 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Free-carrier absorption in transparent conducting oxides: Phonon and impurity scattering in SnO2,” Phys. Rev. B 92(23), 235201 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. J. Flack, B. N. Pushpakaran, and S. B. Bayne, “GaN technology for power electronic applications: a review,” J. Electron. Mater. 45(6), 2673–2682 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. J.-H. Yoo, M. G. Menor, J. J. Adams, R. N. Raman, J. R. I. Lee, T. Y. Olson, N. Shen, J. Suh, S. G. Demos, J. Bude, and S. Elhadj, “Laser damage mechanisms in conductive widegap semiconductor films,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17616–17634 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  22. D. A. Willis, “Thermal mechanisms of laser micromachining of indium tin oxide,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 313–320 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. Z. Xiao, E. L. Gurevich, and A. Ostendorf, ““Incubation effect and its influence on laser patterning of ITO thin film,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 107(2), 333–338 (2012).
  24. O. Yavas, C. Ochiai, and M. Takai, ““Substrate-assisted laser patterning of indium tin oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 69(1), S875–S878 (1999).
  25. Z. M. Liao, M. L. Spaeth, K. Manes, J. J. Adams, and C. W. Carr, “Predicting laser-induced bulk damage and conditioning for deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals using an absorption distribution model,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2538–2540 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. W. T. Pawlewicz and R. Busch, “Reactively sputtered oxide optical coatings for inertial confinement fusion laser components,” Thin Solid Films 63(2), 251–256 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  27. H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Efficiency of various mechanisms of the laser damage in transparent solids,” Quantum Electron. 32(7), 623–628 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Mechanical damage in transparent solids caused by laser pulses of different durations,” Quantum Electron. 32(4), 335–340 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  31. R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  32. M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).
  33. D. A. Cross and C. W. Carr, “Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D7–D11 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  35. D. O. Demchenko, I. C. Diallo, and M. A. Reshchikov, “Yellow Luminescence of Gallium Nitride Generated by Carbon Defect Complexes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(8), 087404 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. J. L. Lyons, A. Janotti, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Effects of carbon on the electrical and optical properties of InN, GaN, and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 89(3), 035204 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. Runkel, “Analysis of bulk DKDP damage distribution, obscuration and pulse length dependence,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 383–388 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  38. M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  39. Z. Yu, H. He, W. Sun, H. Qi, M. Yang, Q. Xiao, and M. Zhu, “Damage threshold influenced by the high absorption defect at the film-substrate interface under ultraviolet laser irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4308–4311 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  41. C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  42. M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  43. C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  44. M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Formulation of the criterion of thermoelastic laser damage of transparent dielectrics and the dependence of damage threshold on pulse duration,” Quantum Electron. 27(10), 918–922 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  45. A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  46. D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999).
    [Crossref]

2016 (3)

T. J. Flack, B. N. Pushpakaran, and S. B. Bayne, “GaN technology for power electronic applications: a review,” J. Electron. Mater. 45(6), 2673–2682 (2016).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Yoo, M. G. Menor, J. J. Adams, R. N. Raman, J. R. I. Lee, T. Y. Olson, N. Shen, J. Suh, S. G. Demos, J. Bude, and S. Elhadj, “Laser damage mechanisms in conductive widegap semiconductor films,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17616–17634 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Free-carrier absorption in transparent conducting oxides: Phonon and impurity scattering in SnO2,” Phys. Rev. B 92(23), 235201 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. L. Sun, M. Lenzner, and W. Rudolph, “Generic incubation law for laser damage and ablation thresholds,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(7), 073102 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Wallace, “Four 800 kW laser-diode arrays to pump high-pulse-rate HAPLS petawatt laser,” Laser Focus World 51(5), 15–16 (2015).

2014 (1)

J. L. Lyons, A. Janotti, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Effects of carbon on the electrical and optical properties of InN, GaN, and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 89(3), 035204 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Z. Yu, H. He, W. Sun, H. Qi, M. Yang, Q. Xiao, and M. Zhu, “Damage threshold influenced by the high absorption defect at the film-substrate interface under ultraviolet laser irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4308–4311 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. O. Demchenko, I. C. Diallo, and M. A. Reshchikov, “Yellow Luminescence of Gallium Nitride Generated by Carbon Defect Complexes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(8), 087404 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Fundamental limits on optical transparency of transparent conducting oxides: Free-carrier absorption in SnO2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 011914 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Z. Xiao, E. L. Gurevich, and A. Ostendorf, ““Incubation effect and its influence on laser patterning of ITO thin film,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 107(2), 333–338 (2012).

F. Harth, T. Ulm, M. Lührmann, R. Knappe, A. Klehr, T. Hoffmann, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High power laser pulses with voltage controlled durations of 400 - 1000 ps,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7002–7007 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 809–816 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. A. Cross and C. W. Carr, “Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D7–D11 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. S. Sullivan and J. R. Stanley, “Wide Bandgap extrinsic photoconductive switches,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(5), 2528–2532 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

D. A. Willis, “Thermal mechanisms of laser micromachining of indium tin oxide,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 313–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

2002 (4)

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Efficiency of various mechanisms of the laser damage in transparent solids,” Quantum Electron. 32(7), 623–628 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Mechanical damage in transparent solids caused by laser pulses of different durations,” Quantum Electron. 32(4), 335–340 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, “Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(10), 5720–5728 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. Runkel, “Analysis of bulk DKDP damage distribution, obscuration and pulse length dependence,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 383–388 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bull. 25(08), 58–65 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (5)

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

O. Yavas, C. Ochiai, and M. Takai, ““Substrate-assisted laser patterning of indium tin oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 69(1), S875–S878 (1999).

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Formulation of the criterion of thermoelastic laser damage of transparent dielectrics and the dependence of damage threshold on pulse duration,” Quantum Electron. 27(10), 918–922 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

P. G. Eliseev, “Optical strength of semiconductor laser materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 1–82 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
[Crossref]

1979 (2)

W. T. Pawlewicz and R. Busch, “Reactively sputtered oxide optical coatings for inertial confinement fusion laser components,” Thin Solid Films 63(2), 251–256 (1979).
[Crossref]

C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979).
[Crossref]

Adams, J. J.

Andersen, P. E.

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Andrieu, J.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ashkenasi, D.

D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999).
[Crossref]

Auerbach, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Awwal, A.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Backus, S.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Barthelemy, D.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bayne, S. B.

T. J. Flack, B. N. Pushpakaran, and S. B. Bayne, “GaN technology for power electronic applications: a review,” J. Electron. Mater. 45(6), 2673–2682 (2016).
[Crossref]

Beillard, B.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bertoti, I.

T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bertrand, V.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Borden, M.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Brishoual, M.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brunton, G.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Bude, J.

J.-H. Yoo, M. G. Menor, J. J. Adams, R. N. Raman, J. R. I. Lee, T. Y. Olson, N. Shen, J. Suh, S. G. Demos, J. Bude, and S. Elhadj, “Laser damage mechanisms in conductive widegap semiconductor films,” Opt. Express 24(16), 17616–17634 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Bude, J. D.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Budge, T.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Busch, R.

W. T. Pawlewicz and R. Busch, “Reactively sputtered oxide optical coatings for inertial confinement fusion laser components,” Thin Solid Films 63(2), 251–256 (1979).
[Crossref]

Carr, C. W.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. A. Cross and C. W. Carr, “Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D7–D11 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. M. Liao, M. L. Spaeth, K. Manes, J. J. Adams, and C. W. Carr, “Predicting laser-induced bulk damage and conditioning for deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals using an absorption distribution model,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2538–2540 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christensen, K.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Commandre, M.

H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref]

Couderc, V.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Coutts, T. J.

T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bull. 25(08), 58–65 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cross, D. A.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. A. Cross and C. W. Carr, “Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP,” Appl. Opt. 50(22), D7–D11 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeMange, P.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

Demchenko, D. O.

D. O. Demchenko, I. C. Diallo, and M. A. Reshchikov, “Yellow Luminescence of Gallium Nitride Generated by Carbon Defect Complexes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(8), 087404 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demos, S. G.

DenBaars, S. P.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Diallo, I. C.

D. O. Demchenko, I. C. Diallo, and M. A. Reshchikov, “Yellow Luminescence of Gallium Nitride Generated by Carbon Defect Complexes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(8), 087404 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiJon, J.

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

DiNicola, J. M.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Diot, J. C.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dixit, S.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Duchateau, G.

Dyan, A.

Elhadj, S.

Eliseev, P. G.

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. G. Eliseev, “Optical strength of semiconductor laser materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 1–82 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ellmer, K.

K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 809–816 (2012).
[Crossref]

Elsaesser, T.

J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Erbert, G.

Farrell, R. M.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. Runkel, “Analysis of bulk DKDP damage distribution, obscuration and pulse length dependence,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 383–388 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Flack, T. J.

T. J. Flack, B. N. Pushpakaran, and S. B. Bayne, “GaN technology for power electronic applications: a review,” J. Electron. Mater. 45(6), 2673–2682 (2016).
[Crossref]

Franks, M.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Gallais, L.

H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref]

Garrec, P.

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Genin, F. Y.

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Geretovszky, Z.

T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
[Crossref]

Gontier, D.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grezes-Besset, C.

H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guillerey, R.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gurevich, E. L.

S. Z. Xiao, E. L. Gurevich, and A. Ostendorf, ““Incubation effect and its influence on laser patterning of ITO thin film,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 107(2), 333–338 (2012).

Guss, G.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hackel, R. P.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Hardy, M. T.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harth, F.

Haynam, C.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

He, H.

Heebner, J.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Hempel, M.

J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011).
[Crossref]

Henesian, M.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979).
[Crossref]

Hermann, M.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, T.

Honig, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Hsu, P. S.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, L. X.

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z. M.

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hue, J.

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hunter, S.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Janotti, A.

J. L. Lyons, A. Janotti, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Effects of carbon on the electrical and optical properties of InN, GaN, and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 89(3), 035204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Juodkazis, S.

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kantor, Z.

T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kelchner, K. M.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kioupakis, E.

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Free-carrier absorption in transparent conducting oxides: Phonon and impurity scattering in SnO2,” Phys. Rev. B 92(23), 235201 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Fundamental limits on optical transparency of transparent conducting oxides: Free-carrier absorption in SnO2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 011914 (2012).
[Crossref]

Klehr, A.

Knappe, R.

Koldunov, M. F.

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Efficiency of various mechanisms of the laser damage in transparent solids,” Quantum Electron. 32(7), 623–628 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Mechanical damage in transparent solids caused by laser pulses of different durations,” Quantum Electron. 32(4), 335–340 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Formulation of the criterion of thermoelastic laser damage of transparent dielectrics and the dependence of damage threshold on pulse duration,” Quantum Electron. 27(10), 918–922 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kozlowski, M. R.

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Krol, H.

H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref]

L’huillier, J. A.

Lalande, M.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Larsen, H. E.

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Laude, L. D.

T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
[Crossref]

Laurence, T. A.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. R. I.

Lenzner, M.

Z. L. Sun, M. Lenzner, and W. Rudolph, “Generic incubation law for laser damage and ablation thresholds,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(7), 073102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bull. 25(08), 58–65 (2000).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. L.

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liao, Z. M.

Logan, R. A.

C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979).
[Crossref]

Lorenz, M.

D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lührmann, M.

Luo, F.

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y. Q.

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luthi, R. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Lyons, J. L.

J. L. Lyons, A. Janotti, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Effects of carbon on the electrical and optical properties of InN, GaN, and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 89(3), 035204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manenkov, A. A.

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Mechanical damage in transparent solids caused by laser pulses of different durations,” Quantum Electron. 32(4), 335–340 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Efficiency of various mechanisms of the laser damage in transparent solids,” Quantum Electron. 32(7), 623–628 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Formulation of the criterion of thermoelastic laser damage of transparent dielectrics and the dependence of damage threshold on pulse duration,” Quantum Electron. 27(10), 918–922 (1997).
[Crossref]

Manes, K.

Marley, E.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Matsuo, S.

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mazur, E.

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCarty, K.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Menor, M. G.

Merritt, F. R.

C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979).
[Crossref]

Miller, P.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Misawa, H.

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

Monticelli, M.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Natoli, J. Y.

H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref]

Negres, R. A.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nostrand, M. C.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Ochiai, C.

O. Yavas, C. Ochiai, and M. Takai, ““Substrate-assisted laser patterning of indium tin oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 69(1), S875–S878 (1999).

Olson, T. Y.

Ostendorf, A.

S. Z. Xiao, E. L. Gurevich, and A. Ostendorf, ““Incubation effect and its influence on laser patterning of ITO thin film,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 107(2), 333–338 (2012).

Papernov, S.

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, “Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(10), 5720–5728 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pawlewicz, W. T.

W. T. Pawlewicz and R. Busch, “Reactively sputtered oxide optical coatings for inertial confinement fusion laser components,” Thin Solid Films 63(2), 251–256 (1979).
[Crossref]

Peelaers, H.

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Free-carrier absorption in transparent conducting oxides: Phonon and impurity scattering in SnO2,” Phys. Rev. B 92(23), 235201 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Fundamental limits on optical transparency of transparent conducting oxides: Free-carrier absorption in SnO2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 011914 (2012).
[Crossref]

Petersen, P. M.

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Petroff, P. M.

C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979).
[Crossref]

Pokotilo, I. L.

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Efficiency of various mechanisms of the laser damage in transparent solids,” Quantum Electron. 32(7), 623–628 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Mechanical damage in transparent solids caused by laser pulses of different durations,” Quantum Electron. 32(4), 335–340 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Formulation of the criterion of thermoelastic laser damage of transparent dielectrics and the dependence of damage threshold on pulse duration,” Quantum Electron. 27(10), 918–922 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pourhashemi, A.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pushpakaran, B. N.

T. J. Flack, B. N. Pushpakaran, and S. B. Bayne, “GaN technology for power electronic applications: a review,” J. Electron. Mater. 45(6), 2673–2682 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qi, H.

Raman, R. N.

Reeber, D.

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reshchikov, M. A.

D. O. Demchenko, I. C. Diallo, and M. A. Reshchikov, “Yellow Luminescence of Gallium Nitride Generated by Carbon Defect Complexes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(8), 087404 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenfeld, A.

D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. Runkel, “Analysis of bulk DKDP damage distribution, obscuration and pulse length dependence,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 383–388 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rudolph, W.

Z. L. Sun, M. Lenzner, and W. Rudolph, “Generic incubation law for laser damage and ablation thresholds,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(7), 073102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Runkel, M.

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. Runkel, “Analysis of bulk DKDP damage distribution, obscuration and pulse length dependence,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 383–388 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sakai, S.

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

Scanlan, M.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Schmid, A. W.

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, “Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(10), 5720–5728 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schwartz, S.

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sell, W. D.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Seppala, L.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Sheehan, L. M.

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shen, N.

Spaeth, M. L.

Speck, J. S.

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stanion, K.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stanley, J. A.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Stanley, J. R.

J. S. Sullivan and J. R. Stanley, “Wide Bandgap extrinsic photoconductive switches,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(5), 2528–2532 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stoian, R.

D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stolz, C.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Stolz, C. J.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sugahara, T.

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

Suh, J.

Sullivan, J. S.

J. S. Sullivan and J. R. Stanley, “Wide Bandgap extrinsic photoconductive switches,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(5), 2528–2532 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, H. B.

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.-B.

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sun, W.

Sun, Z. L.

Z. L. Sun, M. Lenzner, and W. Rudolph, “Generic incubation law for laser damage and ablation thresholds,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(7), 073102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sundaram, S. K.

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suratwala, T.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Szörényi, T.

T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
[Crossref]

Takai, M.

O. Yavas, C. Ochiai, and M. Takai, ““Substrate-assisted laser patterning of indium tin oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 69(1), S875–S878 (1999).

Tien, A. C.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tomm, J. W.

J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tse, E.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Ulm, T.

Van de Walle, C. G.

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Free-carrier absorption in transparent conducting oxides: Phonon and impurity scattering in SnO2,” Phys. Rev. B 92(23), 235201 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. L. Lyons, A. Janotti, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Effects of carbon on the electrical and optical properties of InN, GaN, and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 89(3), 035204 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Fundamental limits on optical transparency of transparent conducting oxides: Free-carrier absorption in SnO2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 011914 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vauchamp, S.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vergne, B.

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vickers, J. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Wallace, J.

J. Wallace, “Four 800 kW laser-diode arrays to pump high-pulse-rate HAPLS petawatt laser,” Laser Focus World 51(5), 15–16 (2015).

Walmer, D.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. F.

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. P.

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wegner, P.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Wegner, P. J.

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Weiland, T. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Widmayer, C.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Williams, K.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Willis, D. A.

D. A. Willis, “Thermal mechanisms of laser micromachining of indium tin oxide,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 313–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wolfe, J.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, N.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Q.

Xiao, S. Z.

S. Z. Xiao, E. L. Gurevich, and A. Ostendorf, ““Incubation effect and its influence on laser patterning of ITO thin film,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 107(2), 333–338 (2012).

Yang, M.

Yavas, O.

O. Yavas, C. Ochiai, and M. Takai, ““Substrate-assisted laser patterning of indium tin oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 69(1), S875–S878 (1999).

Yoo, J.-H.

Young, D. L.

T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bull. 25(08), 58–65 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

Zeimer, U.

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D. Y.

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. J.

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhu, M.

Ziegler, M.

J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

A-Matter. (2)

S. Z. Xiao, E. L. Gurevich, and A. Ostendorf, ““Incubation effect and its influence on laser patterning of ITO thin film,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 107(2), 333–338 (2012).

O. Yavas, C. Ochiai, and M. Takai, ““Substrate-assisted laser patterning of indium tin oxide thin films,” Appl. Phys,” A-Matter. 69(1), S875–S878 (1999).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Pourhashemi, R. M. Farrell, M. T. Hardy, P. S. Hsu, K. M. Kelchner, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Pulsed high-power AlGaN-cladding-free blue laser diodes on semipolar GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151112 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Fundamental limits on optical transparency of transparent conducting oxides: Free-carrier absorption in SnO2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 011914 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Ziegler, J. W. Tomm, D. Reeber, T. Elsaesser, U. Zeimer, H. E. Larsen, P. M. Petersen, and P. E. Andersen, “Catastrophic optical mirror damage in diode lasers monitored during single-pulse operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(19), 191101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

D. Ashkenasi, M. Lorenz, R. Stoian, and A. Rosenfeld, “Surface damage threshold and structuring of dielectrics using femtosecond laser pulses: the role of incubation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 150(1–4), 101–106 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (1)

J. S. Sullivan and J. R. Stanley, “Wide Bandgap extrinsic photoconductive switches,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36(5), 2528–2532 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

Z. L. Sun, M. Lenzner, and W. Rudolph, “Generic incubation law for laser damage and ablation thresholds,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(7), 073102 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Papernov and A. W. Schmid, “Correlations between embedded single gold nanoparticles in SiO2 thin film and nanoscale crater formation induced by pulsed-laser radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(10), 5720–5728 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Szörényi, L. D. Laude, I. Bertoti, Z. Kantor, and Z. Geretovszky, “Excimer-Laser Processing of Indium-Tin-Oxide Films - an Optical Investigation,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 6211–6219 (1995).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, Z. M. Huang, D. Y. Zhang, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, Y. Q. Luo, W. P. Wang, and X. J. Zhao, “Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(11), 113111 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. H. Henry, P. M. Petroff, R. A. Logan, and F. R. Merritt, “Catastrophic damage of AlXGa1-XAs double-heterostructure laser material,” J. Appl. Phys. 50(5), 3721–3732 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Electron. Mater. (1)

T. J. Flack, B. N. Pushpakaran, and S. B. Bayne, “GaN technology for power electronic applications: a review,” J. Electron. Mater. 45(6), 2673–2682 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

H. F. Wang, D. Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Luo, X. J. Zhao, F. Luo, L. X. Huang, Y. L. Li, and W. P. Wang, “Fabrication and study of laser-damage-resistant transparent conductive W-doped In2O3 films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(21), 215101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. G. Eliseev, H. B. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “Laser-induced damage threshold and surface processing of GaN at 400 nm wavelength,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(7B), L839–L841 (1999).
[Crossref]

Laser Focus World (1)

J. Wallace, “Four 800 kW laser-diode arrays to pump high-pulse-rate HAPLS petawatt laser,” Laser Focus World 51(5), 15–16 (2015).

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

J. W. Tomm, M. Ziegler, M. Hempel, and T. Elsaesser, “Mechanisms and fast kinetics of the catastrophic optical damage (COD) in GaAs-based diode lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 5(3), 422–441 (2011).
[Crossref]

MRS Bull. (1)

T. J. Coutts, D. L. Young, and X. Li, “Characterization of transparent conducting oxides,” MRS Bull. 25(08), 58–65 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Mater. 1(4), 217–224 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

K. Ellmer, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of optically transparent electrodes,” Nat. Photonics 6(12), 809–816 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Krol, L. Gallais, C. Grezes-Besset, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, “Investigation of nanoprecursors threshold distribution in laser-damage testing,” Opt. Commun. 256(1–3), 184–189 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, T. A. Laurence, K. Stanion, G. Guss, D. A. Cross, P. J. Wegner, and C. J. Stolz, “Laser-induced damage of intrinsic and extrinsic defects by picosecond pulses on multilayer dielectric coatings for petawatt-class lasers,” Opt. Eng. 56(1), 011008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. L. Lyons, A. Janotti, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Effects of carbon on the electrical and optical properties of InN, GaN, and AlN,” Phys. Rev. B 89(3), 035204 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Peelaers, E. Kioupakis, and C. G. Van de Walle, “Free-carrier absorption in transparent conducting oxides: Phonon and impurity scattering in SnO2,” Phys. Rev. B 92(23), 235201 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. O. Demchenko, I. C. Diallo, and M. A. Reshchikov, “Yellow Luminescence of Gallium Nitride Generated by Carbon Defect Complexes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(8), 087404 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pr. Electromagn. Res. B (1)

M. Lalande, J. C. Diot, S. Vauchamp, J. Andrieu, V. Bertrand, B. Beillard, B. Vergne, V. Couderc, D. Barthelemy, D. Gontier, R. Guillerey, and M. Brishoual, “An ultra wideband impulse optoelectronic radar: rugbi,” Pr. Electromagn. Res. B 11, 205–222 (2009).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (6)

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, M. Scanlan, C. Haynam, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A. Awwal, N. Wong, L. Seppala, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, T. Budge, M. Henesian, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, and J. M. DiNicola, “Programmable beam spatial shaping system for the national ignition facility,” Proc. SPIE 7916, 79160H (2011).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. G. Eliseev, S. Juodkazis, T. Sugahara, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, S. Sakai, and H. Misawa, “GaN surface ablation by femtosecond pulses: atomic force microscopy studies and accumulation effects,” Proc. SPIE 4065, 546–556 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. Runkel, “Analysis of bulk DKDP damage distribution, obscuration and pulse length dependence,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 383–388 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, F. Y. Genin, A. M. Rubenchik, L. M. Sheehan, S. Schwartz, M. R. Kozlowski, J. DiJon, P. Garrec, and J. Hue, “Statistical description of laser damage initiation in NIF and LMJ Optics at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 188–195 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. A. Willis, “Thermal mechanisms of laser micromachining of indium tin oxide,” Proc. SPIE 5339, 313–320 (2004).
[Crossref]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. G. Eliseev, “Optical strength of semiconductor laser materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 1–82 (1996).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (3)

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Efficiency of various mechanisms of the laser damage in transparent solids,” Quantum Electron. 32(7), 623–628 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Mechanical damage in transparent solids caused by laser pulses of different durations,” Quantum Electron. 32(4), 335–340 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. F. Koldunov, A. A. Manenkov, and I. L. Pokotilo, “Formulation of the criterion of thermoelastic laser damage of transparent dielectrics and the dependence of damage threshold on pulse duration,” Quantum Electron. 27(10), 918–922 (1997).
[Crossref]

SPIE (1)

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, ““A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” proc,” SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2003).

Thin Solid Films (1)

W. T. Pawlewicz and R. Busch, “Reactively sputtered oxide optical coatings for inertial confinement fusion laser components,” Thin Solid Films 63(2), 251–256 (1979).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (A) Large area single pulse beam exposure illustrating ITO and (B) GaN film damage (τp = 3 ns). (C) The corresponding beam pulse fluence maps are shown for ITO and (D) for GaN.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (A) GaN film damage density data and curve fits (Eq. (1)) for the laser pulse widths indicated. The defect densities shown in parenthesis along with (B) the laser damage threshold distribution were extracted from data fit. A schematic of beam pulses and absorbing regions illustrates long and short pulse exposures resulting in conditions when the thermal diffusion length, L, (C) is much smaller than the size of a large absorbing region, R, (D) or when L is much larger than R for longer pulses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Single exposure laser damage threshold intensity pulse scaling data and model calculations for GaN and ITO. Solid lines are predictions based on the melting point temperature damage criteria, Tc. Dashed lines are based on selected lower temperature criteria to describe the lower bound threshold intensities of ITO and GaN of Tc = 1000K and Tc = 1500K, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (A) Damage probability curves (solid lines) for ITO and GaN films for the indicated number of exposures, Np = 9.5 ns). the dashed line represent the calculated probability curve based on the fit of data in Figs. 2(a) and 2(b). (B) Lifetime damage threshold performance data dependence on number of exposures for ITO and GaN (τp = 9.5 ns).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ( F )= N d F texp( σ 2 + t 2 2 ν 2 ) I 0 ( tσ ν 2 )dt
ρ d C p dT dt = α( F/ τ p ) 1+6 Dt/ R 2
F th ( 1 )= 18KΔT τ p R 2 α(6 D τ p / R 2 Ln(1+6 D τ p / R 2 ))
F th (N)= F th ()+[ F th (1) F th ()]exp[S(N1)]

Metrics