Abstract

Moth-eye films have pillars of circular truncated cones with dimensions of one-hundred nanometers as bristles. A moth-eye film coated with gold of 30 nm thickness shows significant broadband light absorption (BLA) over the visible wavelengths. This property stems from the pillars coated with gold, which efficiently confine and localize the light around the pillars. The measured spectra of reflectance, transmittance, and absorptance are supported by those calculated by the finite-domain time difference method. We modeled the pillars as cylinders or circular truncated cones, and calculated their spectra. Among these models, the circular truncated cones coated with gold have the highest BLA property. Gold-coated moth-eye films provide us with a large-area BLA material that is useful for optical devices.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (2)

K. Amemiya, H. Koshikawa, M. Imbe, T. Yamaki, and H. Shitomi, “Perfect blackbody sheets from nano-precision microtextured elastomers for light and thermal radiation management,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(18), 5418–5425 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Kobayashi, T. Fukusawa, T. Chikuta, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Broadband light absorber property of metal-coated pillars on cicada wings,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(7), 2761–2768 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

T. Ji, Y. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. Lin, Y. Hao, and D. Li, “Flexible broadband plasmonic absorber on moth-eye substrate,” Mater. Today Energy 5, 181–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

Y. Ebihara, Y. Sugimachi, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterial: dark ultrathin gold film fabricated on taro leaf,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1429–1435 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, Y. Chen, M. R. Gartia, J. Jiang, and G. L. Liu, “Surface plasmon enhanced broadband spectrophotometry on black silver substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241904 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and J. Jung, “Scaling for gap plasmon based waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2676–2684 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1991 (1)

Abdelaziz, R.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alarousu, E.

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
[Crossref]

Amemiya, K.

K. Amemiya, H. Koshikawa, M. Imbe, T. Yamaki, and H. Shitomi, “Perfect blackbody sheets from nano-precision microtextured elastomers for light and thermal radiation management,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(18), 5418–5425 (2019).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barbara, A.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beermann, J.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

Behymer, E. M.

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bond, T. C.

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bora, M.

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and J. Jung, “Scaling for gap plasmon based waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2676–2684 (2008).
[Crossref]

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref]

Britten, J. A.

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, A.

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Caringal, G. P.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chakravadhanula, V. S.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chakravadhanula, V. S. K.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, A. S. P.

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Z. Xu, Y. Chen, M. R. Gartia, J. Jiang, and G. L. Liu, “Surface plasmon enhanced broadband spectrophotometry on black silver substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chikuta, T.

Christiansen, A. B.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
[Crossref]

Clausen, J. S.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
[Crossref]

Corn, R. M.

M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cui, X.

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

T. Ji, Y. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. Lin, Y. Hao, and D. Li, “Flexible broadband plasmonic absorber on moth-eye substrate,” Mater. Today Energy 5, 181–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dehlinger, D. A.

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Deshpande, R.

Devaux, E.

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dillon, A. C.

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ebihara, Y.

Y. Ebihara, Y. Sugimachi, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterial: dark ultrathin gold film fabricated on taro leaf,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1429–1435 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
[Crossref]

Elbahri, M.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eriksen, R. L.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

Faupel, F.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
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M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
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Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
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J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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Fukusawa, T.

Futaba, D. N.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gartia, M. R.

Z. Xu, Y. Chen, M. R. Gartia, J. Jiang, and G. L. Liu, “Surface plasmon enhanced broadband spectrophotometry on black silver substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Grajower, M.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
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Grigorenko, A. N.

V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
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V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78(20), 205405 (2008).
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Han, Y.

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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Han, Z.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hane, K.

Hao, Y.

T. Ji, Y. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. Lin, Y. Hao, and D. Li, “Flexible broadband plasmonic absorber on moth-eye substrate,” Mater. Today Energy 5, 181–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hata, K.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
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K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, S.

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hedayati, M. K.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
[Crossref]

Imbe, M.

K. Amemiya, H. Koshikawa, M. Imbe, T. Yamaki, and H. Shitomi, “Perfect blackbody sheets from nano-precision microtextured elastomers for light and thermal radiation management,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(18), 5418–5425 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ishibashi, K.

Ishii, J.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Javaherirahim, M.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ji, T.

T. Ji, Y. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. Lin, Y. Hao, and D. Li, “Flexible broadband plasmonic absorber on moth-eye substrate,” Mater. Today Energy 5, 181–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

Z. Xu, Y. Chen, M. R. Gartia, J. Jiang, and G. L. Liu, “Surface plasmon enhanced broadband spectrophotometry on black silver substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.

Kajikawa, K.

Kanamori, Y.

Kim, J. K.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kishida, H.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, M.

Koshikawa, H.

K. Amemiya, H. Koshikawa, M. Imbe, T. Yamaki, and H. Shitomi, “Perfect blackbody sheets from nano-precision microtextured elastomers for light and thermal radiation management,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(18), 5418–5425 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kravets, V. G.

V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kristensen, A.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
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M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
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Levy, U.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

T. Ji, Y. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. Lin, Y. Hao, and D. Li, “Flexible broadband plasmonic absorber on moth-eye substrate,” Mater. Today Energy 5, 181–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.-Y.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

T. Ji, Y. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. Lin, Y. Hao, and D. Li, “Flexible broadband plasmonic absorber on moth-eye substrate,” Mater. Today Energy 5, 181–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, G. L.

Z. Xu, Y. Chen, M. R. Gartia, J. Jiang, and G. L. Liu, “Surface plasmon enhanced broadband spectrophotometry on black silver substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
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M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
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J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
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J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
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Mortensen, N. A.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
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M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
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M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Neubeck, A.

V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, H. T.

M. Bora, E. M. Behymer, D. A. Dehlinger, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, A. S. P. Chang, K. Munechika, H. T. Nguyen, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmonic black metals in resonant nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(25), 251105 (2013).
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Noriki, T.

Y. Ebihara, Y. Sugimachi, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterial: dark ultrathin gold film fabricated on taro leaf,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1429–1435 (2016).
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Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
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Novikov, S. M.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
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Okamoto, T.

Ota, R.

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
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Pedersen, K.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, L.

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Perchec, J. L.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

Quemerais, P.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, M.

Schedin, F.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schubert, E. F.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schubert, M. F.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shimojo, M.

Shitomi, H.

K. Amemiya, H. Koshikawa, M. Imbe, T. Yamaki, and H. Shitomi, “Perfect blackbody sheets from nano-precision microtextured elastomers for light and thermal radiation management,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(18), 5418–5425 (2019).
[Crossref]

Smart, J. A.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sondergaard, T.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

Southwell, W. H.

Strunkus, T.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sugimachi, Y.

Taha, H.

A. B. Christiansen, G. P. Caringal, J. S. Clausen, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10563 (2015).
[Crossref]

Takatori, K.

Tavassolizadeh, A.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. K. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Theocharous, E.

Toma, M.

M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

T. Ji, Y. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. Lin, Y. Hao, and D. Li, “Flexible broadband plasmonic absorber on moth-eye substrate,” Mater. Today Energy 5, 181–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wei, B.

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xi, J.-Q.

J.-Q. Xi, M. F. Schubert, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, M. Chen, S.-Y. Lin, W. Liu, and J. A. Smart, “Optical thin-film materials with low refractive index for broadband elimination of fresnel reflection,” Nat. Photonics 1(3), 176–179 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

Z. Xu, Y. Chen, M. R. Gartia, J. Jiang, and G. L. Liu, “Surface plasmon enhanced broadband spectrophotometry on black silver substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241904 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamaki, T.

K. Amemiya, H. Koshikawa, M. Imbe, T. Yamaki, and H. Shitomi, “Perfect blackbody sheets from nano-precision microtextured elastomers for light and thermal radiation management,” J. Mater. Chem. C 7(18), 5418–5425 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, F.

T. Ji, L. Peng, Y. Zhu, F. Yang, X. Cui, Y. Wu, L. Liu, S. He, F. Zhu, and Y. Hao, “Plasmonic broadband absorber by stacking multiple metallic nanoparticle layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yasuda, S.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yumura, M.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zaporojtchenko, V.

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Temporal variation of electric field distribution.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. SEM image of gold-coated moth-eye film, (a) 10 nm thick and (b) 30 nm thick. (c) Enlarged view of (b). Inset is a photographic image of the gold-coated moth-eye film (10 mm $\times$ 10 mm).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Measured spectra of (a) reflection, (b) transmittance, and (c) absorptance for a 30-nm-thick gold film and a moth-eye film coated with 30-nm-thick gold coating. Inset is optical geometry for the measurements.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Bird’s-eye view of the model of the gold-coated moth-eye film. Cross-sectional illustrations of a pillar in (b) model A, (c) model B, and (d) model C.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Calculated transmittance spectra for model A pillars with $t_2 =$ 4, 8, and 10 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Calculated spectra of (a) reflection, (b) transmittance, and (c) absorptance for models A–C and the 30-nm-thick gold film. Arrows are wavelength marks for the snapshots of the calculated electric-field distribution profiles in Fig. 8.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Calculated spectra of (a) reflection, (b) transmittance, and (c) absorptance for model A pillars with $h =$ 230, 430, and 630 nm.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Calculated spectra of (a) reflection, (b) transmittance, and (c) absorptance for model A with inter-pillar distance $p =$ 100, 150, and 200 nm.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Snapshots of the electric field distribution around the pillar of (a) model A and (b) model B at different wavelengths. The corresponding wavelengths are indicated with arrows in Fig. 5.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Temporal variation of electric field distribution.

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