Abstract

A detailed study of the pump-intensity dependent characteristics of an all-inorganic CsPbBr3-in-Cs4PbBr6 quantum dot (QD) color converter are reported. This is an attractive material to color convert UV/blue GaN optical pump sources for digital lighting applications, e.g. visible light communications (VLC). It demonstrates narrow spectral emission (522 nm peak emission and < 20 nm full-width-at-half-maximum), invariant with the pump power density (from 0 to 7.15 kW/cm2). The optical bandwidth increases, from 10 MHz at 300 µW/cm2, up to 22 MHz at 3 W/cm2, and 41 MHz at 7.15 kW/cm2. This acceleration of the emission is ascribed to both an increase of the radiative decay rate in the low-pump-density regime, and to the emergence of non-radiative pathways at higher pump density. The higher bandwidth at high-pump density enables a 30% increase in the data rate of a free space VLC link using this color converter.

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References

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2019 (1)

D. Yan, T. Shi, Z. Zang, T. Zhou, Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and X. Tang, “Ultrastable CsPbBr3 Perovskite Quantum Dot and Their Enhanced Amplified Spontaneous Emission by Surface Ligand Modification,” Small 15, 1901173 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

S. Mei, X. Liu, W. Zhang, R. Liu, L. Zheng, R. Guo, and P. Tian, “High-Bandwidth White-Light System Combining a Micro-LED with Perovskite Quantum Dots for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5641–5648 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Seth and A. Samanta, “Photoluminescence of Zero-Dimensional Perovskites and Perovskite-Related Materials,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(1), 176–183 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Foucher, M. I. Sufyan, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Videv, S. Rajbhandari, A. G. Diaz, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Flexible Glass Hybridized Colloidal Quantum Dots for Gb/s Visible Light Communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(1), 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. A. Ackkerman, A. L. Abdelhady, and L. Manna, “Zero-Dimensional Cesium Lead Halides: History, Properties, and Challenges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(9), 2326–2337 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (11)

D. A. Vithanage, A. L. Kanibolotsky, S. Rajbhandari, P. Manousiadis, M. Sajjad, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, P. Skabara, I. Samuel, and G. Turnbull, “Polymer colour converter with very high modulation bandwidth for visible light communications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 5(35), 8916–8920 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Li, Z. Zang, C. Han, Z. Hu, X. Tang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and K. Sun, “Highly compact CsPbBr3 perovskite thin films decorated by ZnO nanoparticles for enhanced random lasing,” Nano Energy 40, 195–202 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. F. Leitao, J. M. M. Santos, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, M. S. Islim, H. Haas, M. D. Dawson, and N. Laurand, “Gb/s Visible Light Communications with Colloidal Quantum Dot Color Converters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Rae, C. Foucher, B. Guilhabert, M. S. Islim, L. Yin, D. Zhu, R. A. Oliver, D. J. Wallis, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “InGaN µLEDs integrated onto colloidal quantum dot functionalized ultra-thin glass,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19179 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Xu, J. Chen, J. Song, J. Li, J. Xue, Y. Dong, B. Cai, Q. Shan, B. Han, and H. Zeng, “Double-Protected All-Inorganic Perovskite Nanocrystals by Crystalline Matrix and Silica for Triple-Modal Anti-Counterfeiting Codes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(31), 26556–26564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Li, F. Cao, D. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Sun, Y. Shen, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Wu, and H. Zeng, “All Inorganic Halide Perovskites Nanosystem: Synthesis, Structural Features, Optical Properties and Optoelectronic Applications,” Small 13(9), 1603996 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yin, Y. Zhang, A. Bruno, C. Soci, O. M. Bakr, J. L. Brédas, and O. F. Mohammed, “Intrinsic Lead Ion Emissions in Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Nanocrystals,” ACS Energy Lett. 2(12), 2805–2811 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Yu, Z. Wang, X. Li, X. Chen, V. Nalla, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Solution-Grown CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocomposites: Toward Temperature-Insensitive Optical Gain,” Small 13(34), 1701587 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. N. Quan, R. Quintero-Bermudez, O. Voznyy, G. Walters, A. Jain, J. Zhangming Fan, X. Zheng, Z. Yang, and E. H. Sargent, “Highly Emissive Green Perovskite Nanocrystals in a Solid State Crystalline Matrix,” Adv. Mater. 29(21), 1605945 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Islim, R. Ferreira, X. He, E. Xie, S. Videv, S. Viola, S. Watson, N. Bamiedakis, R. Penty, I. White, A. Kelly, E. Gu, H. Haas, and M. D. Dawson, “Towards 10 Gb/s OFDM-based Visible Light Communication using a GaN Violet micro-LED,” Photonics Res. 5(2), A35–A43 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

J. Li, X. Yuan, P. Jing, J. Li, M. Wei, J. Hua, J. Zhao, and L. Tian, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence of inorganic perovskite nanocrystal films,” RSC Adv. 6(82), 78311–78316 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. M. Santos, S. Rajbhandari, D. Tsonev, H. Chun, B. Guilhabert, A. B. Krysa, A. E. Kelly, H. Haas, D. C. O’Brien, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible light communication using InGaN optical sources with AlInGaP nanomembrane down-converters,” Opt. Express 24(9), 10020 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. T. Rabouw and C. de Mello Donega, “Excited-State Dynamics in Colloidal Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” Top. Curr. Chem. 374(5), 58 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Li, Z. Zang, W. Chen, Z. Hu, X. Tang, W. Hu, K. Sun, X. Liu, and W. Chen, “Highly pure green light emission of perovskite CsPbBr3 quantum dots and their application for green light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 24(13), 15071–15078 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and Dynamical Properties of Single Excitons, Biexcitons, and Trions in Cesium-Lead-Halide Perovskite Quantum Dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Song, J. Li, X. Li, L. Xu, Y. Dong, and H. Zeng, “Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Inorganic Perovskite Cesium Lead Halides (CsPbX3),” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7162–7167 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

P. R. Edwards, L. K. Jagadamma, J. Bruckbauer, C. Liu, P. Shields, D. Allsopp, T. Wang, and R. W. Martin, “High-resolution cathodoluminescence hyperspectral imaging of nitride nanostructures,” Microsc. Microanal. 18(6), 1212–1219 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Liu, C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, P. Y. Huang, and H. K. Tsang, “Investigation of 4-ASK modulation with digital filtering to increase 20 times of direct modulation speed of white-light LED visible light communication system,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16218–16223 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, J. Chval, F. Somma, A. R. Phani, S. Santucci, C. Giampaolo, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and X. Q. Feng, “Optical and structural properties of ternary nanoaggregates in CsI-PbI2 co-evaporated thin films,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12(8), 1939–1946 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

M. Nikl, E. Mihokova, K. Nitsch, F. Somma, C. Giampaolo, G. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, and S. Zazubovich, “Photoluminescence of Cs4PbBr6 crystals and thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306(5-6), 280–284 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, K. Polak, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Gurioli, R. Phani, S. Santucci, A. Scacco, and F. Somma, “Optical properties of Pb2+ - based aggregated phases in CsBr Thin film and single crystal matrices,” Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 150(1-4), 341–345 (1999).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

M. Nikl, E. Mihokova, and K. Nitsch, “Photoluminescence & decay kinetics of Cs4PbCl6 single crystals,” Solid State Commun. 84(12), 1089–1092 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, I. Velicka, J. Hybler, K. Polak, and T. Fabian, “Photoluminescence of KPb2Cl5,” Phys. Status Solidi B 168(1), K37–K42 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, and K. Polak, “Photoluminescence of RbPb2Cl5,” Phys. Status Solidi B 166(2), 511–518 (1991).
[Crossref]

Abdelhady, A. L.

Q. A. Ackkerman, A. L. Abdelhady, and L. Manna, “Zero-Dimensional Cesium Lead Halides: History, Properties, and Challenges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(9), 2326–2337 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ackkerman, Q. A.

Q. A. Ackkerman, A. L. Abdelhady, and L. Manna, “Zero-Dimensional Cesium Lead Halides: History, Properties, and Challenges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(9), 2326–2337 (2018).
[Crossref]

Alarousu, E.

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alias, M. S.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Allsopp, D.

P. R. Edwards, L. K. Jagadamma, J. Bruckbauer, C. Liu, P. Shields, D. Allsopp, T. Wang, and R. W. Martin, “High-resolution cathodoluminescence hyperspectral imaging of nitride nanostructures,” Microsc. Microanal. 18(6), 1212–1219 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alshankiti, B. A.

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

Alves, P. U.

P. U. Alves, I. M. Watson, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Water Resistant Caesium Lead Bromide Crystal Composites,” 2018 IEEE British and Irish Conference on Optics and Photonics (BICOP), London, United Kingdom, 2018, 1–4, doi: 10.1109/BICOP.2018.8658335.

Alyami, N.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bakr, O. M.

J. Yin, Y. Zhang, A. Bruno, C. Soci, O. M. Bakr, J. L. Brédas, and O. F. Mohammed, “Intrinsic Lead Ion Emissions in Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Nanocrystals,” ACS Energy Lett. 2(12), 2805–2811 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bamiedakis, N.

M. Islim, R. Ferreira, X. He, E. Xie, S. Videv, S. Viola, S. Watson, N. Bamiedakis, R. Penty, I. White, A. Kelly, E. Gu, H. Haas, and M. D. Dawson, “Towards 10 Gb/s OFDM-based Visible Light Communication using a GaN Violet micro-LED,” Photonics Res. 5(2), A35–A43 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bodnarchuk, M. I.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

Brédas, J. L.

J. Yin, Y. Zhang, A. Bruno, C. Soci, O. M. Bakr, J. L. Brédas, and O. F. Mohammed, “Intrinsic Lead Ion Emissions in Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Nanocrystals,” ACS Energy Lett. 2(12), 2805–2811 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bruckbauer, J.

P. R. Edwards, L. K. Jagadamma, J. Bruckbauer, C. Liu, P. Shields, D. Allsopp, T. Wang, and R. W. Martin, “High-resolution cathodoluminescence hyperspectral imaging of nitride nanostructures,” Microsc. Microanal. 18(6), 1212–1219 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bruno, A.

J. Yin, Y. Zhang, A. Bruno, C. Soci, O. M. Bakr, J. L. Brédas, and O. F. Mohammed, “Intrinsic Lead Ion Emissions in Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Nanocrystals,” ACS Energy Lett. 2(12), 2805–2811 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cai, B.

L. Xu, J. Chen, J. Song, J. Li, J. Xue, Y. Dong, B. Cai, Q. Shan, B. Han, and H. Zeng, “Double-Protected All-Inorganic Perovskite Nanocrystals by Crystalline Matrix and Silica for Triple-Modal Anti-Counterfeiting Codes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(31), 26556–26564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cantore, M.

Cao, F.

X. Li, F. Cao, D. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Sun, Y. Shen, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Wu, and H. Zeng, “All Inorganic Halide Perovskites Nanosystem: Synthesis, Structural Features, Optical Properties and Optoelectronic Applications,” Small 13(9), 1603996 (2017).
[Crossref]

Caputo, R.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

X. Li, F. Cao, D. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Sun, Y. Shen, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Wu, and H. Zeng, “All Inorganic Halide Perovskites Nanosystem: Synthesis, Structural Features, Optical Properties and Optoelectronic Applications,” Small 13(9), 1603996 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Xu, J. Chen, J. Song, J. Li, J. Xue, Y. Dong, B. Cai, Q. Shan, B. Han, and H. Zeng, “Double-Protected All-Inorganic Perovskite Nanocrystals by Crystalline Matrix and Silica for Triple-Modal Anti-Counterfeiting Codes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(31), 26556–26564 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Yu, Z. Wang, X. Li, X. Chen, V. Nalla, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Solution-Grown CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocomposites: Toward Temperature-Insensitive Optical Gain,” Small 13(34), 1701587 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

Chun, H.

C. Foucher, M. I. Sufyan, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Videv, S. Rajbhandari, A. G. Diaz, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Flexible Glass Hybridized Colloidal Quantum Dots for Gb/s Visible Light Communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(1), 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. A. Vithanage, A. L. Kanibolotsky, S. Rajbhandari, P. Manousiadis, M. Sajjad, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, P. Skabara, I. Samuel, and G. Turnbull, “Polymer colour converter with very high modulation bandwidth for visible light communications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 5(35), 8916–8920 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. M. M. Santos, S. Rajbhandari, D. Tsonev, H. Chun, B. Guilhabert, A. B. Krysa, A. E. Kelly, H. Haas, D. C. O’Brien, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible light communication using InGaN optical sources with AlInGaP nanomembrane down-converters,” Opt. Express 24(9), 10020 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chval, J.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, J. Chval, F. Somma, A. R. Phani, S. Santucci, C. Giampaolo, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and X. Q. Feng, “Optical and structural properties of ternary nanoaggregates in CsI-PbI2 co-evaporated thin films,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12(8), 1939–1946 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M. D.

C. Foucher, M. I. Sufyan, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Videv, S. Rajbhandari, A. G. Diaz, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Flexible Glass Hybridized Colloidal Quantum Dots for Gb/s Visible Light Communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(1), 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Rae, C. Foucher, B. Guilhabert, M. S. Islim, L. Yin, D. Zhu, R. A. Oliver, D. J. Wallis, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “InGaN µLEDs integrated onto colloidal quantum dot functionalized ultra-thin glass,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19179 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. F. Leitao, J. M. M. Santos, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, M. S. Islim, H. Haas, M. D. Dawson, and N. Laurand, “Gb/s Visible Light Communications with Colloidal Quantum Dot Color Converters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Islim, R. Ferreira, X. He, E. Xie, S. Videv, S. Viola, S. Watson, N. Bamiedakis, R. Penty, I. White, A. Kelly, E. Gu, H. Haas, and M. D. Dawson, “Towards 10 Gb/s OFDM-based Visible Light Communication using a GaN Violet micro-LED,” Photonics Res. 5(2), A35–A43 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. M. M. Santos, S. Rajbhandari, D. Tsonev, H. Chun, B. Guilhabert, A. B. Krysa, A. E. Kelly, H. Haas, D. C. O’Brien, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible light communication using InGaN optical sources with AlInGaP nanomembrane down-converters,” Opt. Express 24(9), 10020 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. U. Alves, I. M. Watson, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Water Resistant Caesium Lead Bromide Crystal Composites,” 2018 IEEE British and Irish Conference on Optics and Photonics (BICOP), London, United Kingdom, 2018, 1–4, doi: 10.1109/BICOP.2018.8658335.

De Jesus, J.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Mello Donega, C.

F. T. Rabouw and C. de Mello Donega, “Excited-State Dynamics in Colloidal Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” Top. Curr. Chem. 374(5), 58 (2016).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

Diaz, A. G.

C. Foucher, M. I. Sufyan, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Videv, S. Rajbhandari, A. G. Diaz, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Flexible Glass Hybridized Colloidal Quantum Dots for Gb/s Visible Light Communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(1), 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

L. Xu, J. Chen, J. Song, J. Li, J. Xue, Y. Dong, B. Cai, Q. Shan, B. Han, and H. Zeng, “Double-Protected All-Inorganic Perovskite Nanocrystals by Crystalline Matrix and Silica for Triple-Modal Anti-Counterfeiting Codes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(31), 26556–26564 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Song, J. Li, X. Li, L. Xu, Y. Dong, and H. Zeng, “Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Inorganic Perovskite Cesium Lead Halides (CsPbX3),” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7162–7167 (2015).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

D. Yan, T. Shi, Z. Zang, T. Zhou, Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and X. Tang, “Ultrastable CsPbBr3 Perovskite Quantum Dot and Their Enhanced Amplified Spontaneous Emission by Surface Ligand Modification,” Small 15, 1901173 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Li, Z. Zang, C. Han, Z. Hu, X. Tang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and K. Sun, “Highly compact CsPbBr3 perovskite thin films decorated by ZnO nanoparticles for enhanced random lasing,” Nano Energy 40, 195–202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dursun, I.

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Edwards, P. R.

P. R. Edwards, L. K. Jagadamma, J. Bruckbauer, C. Liu, P. Shields, D. Allsopp, T. Wang, and R. W. Martin, “High-resolution cathodoluminescence hyperspectral imaging of nitride nanostructures,” Microsc. Microanal. 18(6), 1212–1219 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fabeni, P.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, J. Chval, F. Somma, A. R. Phani, S. Santucci, C. Giampaolo, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and X. Q. Feng, “Optical and structural properties of ternary nanoaggregates in CsI-PbI2 co-evaporated thin films,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12(8), 1939–1946 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, K. Polak, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Gurioli, R. Phani, S. Santucci, A. Scacco, and F. Somma, “Optical properties of Pb2+ - based aggregated phases in CsBr Thin film and single crystal matrices,” Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 150(1-4), 341–345 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, E. Mihokova, K. Nitsch, F. Somma, C. Giampaolo, G. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, and S. Zazubovich, “Photoluminescence of Cs4PbBr6 crystals and thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306(5-6), 280–284 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fabian, T.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, I. Velicka, J. Hybler, K. Polak, and T. Fabian, “Photoluminescence of KPb2Cl5,” Phys. Status Solidi B 168(1), K37–K42 (1991).
[Crossref]

Farrell, R. M.

Faulkner, G.

C. Foucher, M. I. Sufyan, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Videv, S. Rajbhandari, A. G. Diaz, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Flexible Glass Hybridized Colloidal Quantum Dots for Gb/s Visible Light Communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(1), 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. A. Vithanage, A. L. Kanibolotsky, S. Rajbhandari, P. Manousiadis, M. Sajjad, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, P. Skabara, I. Samuel, and G. Turnbull, “Polymer colour converter with very high modulation bandwidth for visible light communications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 5(35), 8916–8920 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, X. Q.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, J. Chval, F. Somma, A. R. Phani, S. Santucci, C. Giampaolo, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and X. Q. Feng, “Optical and structural properties of ternary nanoaggregates in CsI-PbI2 co-evaporated thin films,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12(8), 1939–1946 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, R.

M. Islim, R. Ferreira, X. He, E. Xie, S. Videv, S. Viola, S. Watson, N. Bamiedakis, R. Penty, I. White, A. Kelly, E. Gu, H. Haas, and M. D. Dawson, “Towards 10 Gb/s OFDM-based Visible Light Communication using a GaN Violet micro-LED,” Photonics Res. 5(2), A35–A43 (2017).
[Crossref]

Foucher, C.

C. Foucher, M. I. Sufyan, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Videv, S. Rajbhandari, A. G. Diaz, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Flexible Glass Hybridized Colloidal Quantum Dots for Gb/s Visible Light Communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(1), 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. Rae, C. Foucher, B. Guilhabert, M. S. Islim, L. Yin, D. Zhu, R. A. Oliver, D. J. Wallis, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “InGaN µLEDs integrated onto colloidal quantum dot functionalized ultra-thin glass,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19179 (2017).
[Crossref]

Garcia, T. A.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y.

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

Giampaolo, C.

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, J. Chval, F. Somma, A. R. Phani, S. Santucci, C. Giampaolo, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and X. Q. Feng, “Optical and structural properties of ternary nanoaggregates in CsI-PbI2 co-evaporated thin films,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12(8), 1939–1946 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, E. Mihokova, K. Nitsch, F. Somma, C. Giampaolo, G. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, and S. Zazubovich, “Photoluminescence of Cs4PbBr6 crystals and thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306(5-6), 280–284 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gong, Z.

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grubor, J.

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Yang, Z.

L. N. Quan, R. Quintero-Bermudez, O. Voznyy, G. Walters, A. Jain, J. Zhangming Fan, X. Zheng, Z. Yang, and E. H. Sargent, “Highly Emissive Green Perovskite Nanocrystals in a Solid State Crystalline Matrix,” Adv. Mater. 29(21), 1605945 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. H.

Yengel, E.

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yin, J.

J. Yin, Y. Zhang, A. Bruno, C. Soci, O. M. Bakr, J. L. Brédas, and O. F. Mohammed, “Intrinsic Lead Ion Emissions in Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Nanocrystals,” ACS Energy Lett. 2(12), 2805–2811 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yin, L.

Yu, D.

X. Li, F. Cao, D. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Sun, Y. Shen, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Wu, and H. Zeng, “All Inorganic Halide Perovskites Nanosystem: Synthesis, Structural Features, Optical Properties and Optoelectronic Applications,” Small 13(9), 1603996 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Yu, Z. Wang, X. Li, X. Chen, V. Nalla, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Solution-Grown CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocomposites: Toward Temperature-Insensitive Optical Gain,” Small 13(34), 1701587 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

J. Li, X. Yuan, P. Jing, J. Li, M. Wei, J. Hua, J. Zhao, and L. Tian, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence of inorganic perovskite nanocrystal films,” RSC Adv. 6(82), 78311–78316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zang, Z.

D. Yan, T. Shi, Z. Zang, T. Zhou, Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and X. Tang, “Ultrastable CsPbBr3 Perovskite Quantum Dot and Their Enhanced Amplified Spontaneous Emission by Surface Ligand Modification,” Small 15, 1901173 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Li, Z. Zang, C. Han, Z. Hu, X. Tang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and K. Sun, “Highly compact CsPbBr3 perovskite thin films decorated by ZnO nanoparticles for enhanced random lasing,” Nano Energy 40, 195–202 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Li, Z. Zang, W. Chen, Z. Hu, X. Tang, W. Hu, K. Sun, X. Liu, and W. Chen, “Highly pure green light emission of perovskite CsPbBr3 quantum dots and their application for green light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 24(13), 15071–15078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zazubovich, S.

M. Nikl, E. Mihokova, K. Nitsch, F. Somma, C. Giampaolo, G. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, and S. Zazubovich, “Photoluminescence of Cs4PbBr6 crystals and thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306(5-6), 280–284 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

Y. Wang, D. Yu, Z. Wang, X. Li, X. Chen, V. Nalla, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Solution-Grown CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocomposites: Toward Temperature-Insensitive Optical Gain,” Small 13(34), 1701587 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Li, F. Cao, D. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Sun, Y. Shen, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Wu, and H. Zeng, “All Inorganic Halide Perovskites Nanosystem: Synthesis, Structural Features, Optical Properties and Optoelectronic Applications,” Small 13(9), 1603996 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Xu, J. Chen, J. Song, J. Li, J. Xue, Y. Dong, B. Cai, Q. Shan, B. Han, and H. Zeng, “Double-Protected All-Inorganic Perovskite Nanocrystals by Crystalline Matrix and Silica for Triple-Modal Anti-Counterfeiting Codes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(31), 26556–26564 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Song, J. Li, X. Li, L. Xu, Y. Dong, and H. Zeng, “Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Inorganic Perovskite Cesium Lead Halides (CsPbX3),” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7162–7167 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, F.

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

S. Mei, X. Liu, W. Zhang, R. Liu, L. Zheng, R. Guo, and P. Tian, “High-Bandwidth White-Light System Combining a Micro-LED with Perovskite Quantum Dots for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5641–5648 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

J. Yin, Y. Zhang, A. Bruno, C. Soci, O. M. Bakr, J. L. Brédas, and O. F. Mohammed, “Intrinsic Lead Ion Emissions in Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Nanocrystals,” ACS Energy Lett. 2(12), 2805–2811 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

D. Yan, T. Shi, Z. Zang, T. Zhou, Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and X. Tang, “Ultrastable CsPbBr3 Perovskite Quantum Dot and Their Enhanced Amplified Spontaneous Emission by Surface Ligand Modification,” Small 15, 1901173 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhangming Fan, J.

L. N. Quan, R. Quintero-Bermudez, O. Voznyy, G. Walters, A. Jain, J. Zhangming Fan, X. Zheng, Z. Yang, and E. H. Sargent, “Highly Emissive Green Perovskite Nanocrystals in a Solid State Crystalline Matrix,” Adv. Mater. 29(21), 1605945 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Li, X. Yuan, P. Jing, J. Li, M. Wei, J. Hua, J. Zhao, and L. Tian, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence of inorganic perovskite nanocrystal films,” RSC Adv. 6(82), 78311–78316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

S. Mei, X. Liu, W. Zhang, R. Liu, L. Zheng, R. Guo, and P. Tian, “High-Bandwidth White-Light System Combining a Micro-LED with Perovskite Quantum Dots for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5641–5648 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

L. N. Quan, R. Quintero-Bermudez, O. Voznyy, G. Walters, A. Jain, J. Zhangming Fan, X. Zheng, Z. Yang, and E. H. Sargent, “Highly Emissive Green Perovskite Nanocrystals in a Solid State Crystalline Matrix,” Adv. Mater. 29(21), 1605945 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H.

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, T.

D. Yan, T. Shi, Z. Zang, T. Zhou, Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and X. Tang, “Ultrastable CsPbBr3 Perovskite Quantum Dot and Their Enhanced Amplified Spontaneous Emission by Surface Ligand Modification,” Small 15, 1901173 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhu, D.

Zhu, Y.

X. Li, F. Cao, D. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Sun, Y. Shen, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Wu, and H. Zeng, “All Inorganic Halide Perovskites Nanosystem: Synthesis, Structural Features, Optical Properties and Optoelectronic Applications,” Small 13(9), 1603996 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zou, B.

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

L. Xu, J. Chen, J. Song, J. Li, J. Xue, Y. Dong, B. Cai, Q. Shan, B. Han, and H. Zeng, “Double-Protected All-Inorganic Perovskite Nanocrystals by Crystalline Matrix and Silica for Triple-Modal Anti-Counterfeiting Codes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(31), 26556–26564 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Mei, X. Liu, W. Zhang, R. Liu, L. Zheng, R. Guo, and P. Tian, “High-Bandwidth White-Light System Combining a Micro-LED with Perovskite Quantum Dots for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10(6), 5641–5648 (2018).
[Crossref]

ACS Energy Lett. (1)

J. Yin, Y. Zhang, A. Bruno, C. Soci, O. M. Bakr, J. L. Brédas, and O. F. Mohammed, “Intrinsic Lead Ion Emissions in Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Nanocrystals,” ACS Energy Lett. 2(12), 2805–2811 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

X. Chen, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, L. Shi, S. Huang, J. Tang, Z. Lv, L. Zhang, B. Zou, and H. Zhong, “Centimeter-Sized Cs4PbBr6 Crystals with Embedded CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Showing Superior Photoluminescence: Nonstoichiometry Induced Transformation and Light-Emitting Applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(16), 1706567 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (3)

L. N. Quan, R. Quintero-Bermudez, O. Voznyy, G. Walters, A. Jain, J. Zhangming Fan, X. Zheng, Z. Yang, and E. H. Sargent, “Highly Emissive Green Perovskite Nanocrystals in a Solid State Crystalline Matrix,” Adv. Mater. 29(21), 1605945 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Song, J. Li, X. Li, L. Xu, Y. Dong, and H. Zeng, “Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Inorganic Perovskite Cesium Lead Halides (CsPbX3),” Adv. Mater. 27(44), 7162–7167 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nikl, E. Mihokova, K. Nitsch, F. Somma, C. Giampaolo, G. Pazzi, P. Fabeni, and S. Zazubovich, “Photoluminescence of Cs4PbBr6 crystals and thin films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306(5-6), 280–284 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. F. Leitao, J. M. M. Santos, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, M. S. Islim, H. Haas, M. D. Dawson, and N. Laurand, “Gb/s Visible Light Communications with Colloidal Quantum Dot Color Converters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

C. Foucher, M. I. Sufyan, B. J. E. Guilhabert, S. Videv, S. Rajbhandari, A. G. Diaz, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, H. Haas, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Flexible Glass Hybridized Colloidal Quantum Dots for Gb/s Visible Light Communications,” IEEE Photonics J. 10(1), 1–11 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

D. A. Vithanage, A. L. Kanibolotsky, S. Rajbhandari, P. Manousiadis, M. Sajjad, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, D. C. O’Brien, P. Skabara, I. Samuel, and G. Turnbull, “Polymer colour converter with very high modulation bandwidth for visible light communications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 5(35), 8916–8920 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (3)

Y. Zhang, M. I. Saidaminov, I. Dursun, H. Yang, B. Murali, E. Alarousu, E. Yengel, B. A. Alshankiti, O. M. Bakr, and O. F. Mohammed, “Zero-Dimensional Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8(5), 961–965 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Seth and A. Samanta, “Photoluminescence of Zero-Dimensional Perovskites and Perovskite-Related Materials,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(1), 176–183 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. A. Ackkerman, A. L. Abdelhady, and L. Manna, “Zero-Dimensional Cesium Lead Halides: History, Properties, and Challenges,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(9), 2326–2337 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, J. Chval, F. Somma, A. R. Phani, S. Santucci, C. Giampaolo, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, and X. Q. Feng, “Optical and structural properties of ternary nanoaggregates in CsI-PbI2 co-evaporated thin films,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12(8), 1939–1946 (2000).
[Crossref]

Microsc. Microanal. (1)

P. R. Edwards, L. K. Jagadamma, J. Bruckbauer, C. Liu, P. Shields, D. Allsopp, T. Wang, and R. W. Martin, “High-resolution cathodoluminescence hyperspectral imaging of nitride nanostructures,” Microsc. Microanal. 18(6), 1212–1219 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nano Energy (1)

C. Li, Z. Zang, C. Han, Z. Hu, X. Tang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and K. Sun, “Highly compact CsPbBr3 perovskite thin films decorated by ZnO nanoparticles for enhanced random lasing,” Nano Energy 40, 195–202 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. S. Makarov, S. Guo, O. Isaienko, W. Liu, I. Robel, and V. I. Klimov, “Spectral and Dynamical Properties of Single Excitons, Biexcitons, and Trions in Cesium-Lead-Halide Perovskite Quantum Dots,” Nano Lett. 16(4), 2349–2362 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photonics Res. (1)

M. Islim, R. Ferreira, X. He, E. Xie, S. Videv, S. Viola, S. Watson, N. Bamiedakis, R. Penty, I. White, A. Kelly, E. Gu, H. Haas, and M. D. Dawson, “Towards 10 Gb/s OFDM-based Visible Light Communication using a GaN Violet micro-LED,” Photonics Res. 5(2), A35–A43 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi B (2)

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M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, and K. Polak, “Photoluminescence of RbPb2Cl5,” Phys. Status Solidi B 166(2), 511–518 (1991).
[Crossref]

Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids (1)

M. Nikl, K. Nitsch, E. Mihokova, K. Polak, P. Fabeni, G. P. Pazzi, M. Gurioli, R. Phani, S. Santucci, A. Scacco, and F. Somma, “Optical properties of Pb2+ - based aggregated phases in CsBr Thin film and single crystal matrices,” Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 150(1-4), 341–345 (1999).
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RSC Adv. (1)

J. Li, X. Yuan, P. Jing, J. Li, M. Wei, J. Hua, J. Zhao, and L. Tian, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence of inorganic perovskite nanocrystal films,” RSC Adv. 6(82), 78311–78316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
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Small (3)

X. Li, F. Cao, D. Yu, J. Chen, Z. Sun, Y. Shen, Y. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Wei, Y. Wu, and H. Zeng, “All Inorganic Halide Perovskites Nanosystem: Synthesis, Structural Features, Optical Properties and Optoelectronic Applications,” Small 13(9), 1603996 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. Yu, Z. Wang, X. Li, X. Chen, V. Nalla, H. Zeng, and H. Sun, “Solution-Grown CsPbBr3/Cs4PbBr6 Perovskite Nanocomposites: Toward Temperature-Insensitive Optical Gain,” Small 13(34), 1701587 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Yan, T. Shi, Z. Zang, T. Zhou, Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, J. Du, Y. Leng, and X. Tang, “Ultrastable CsPbBr3 Perovskite Quantum Dot and Their Enhanced Amplified Spontaneous Emission by Surface Ligand Modification,” Small 15, 1901173 (2019).
[Crossref]

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P. U. Alves, I. M. Watson, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Water Resistant Caesium Lead Bromide Crystal Composites,” 2018 IEEE British and Irish Conference on Optics and Photonics (BICOP), London, United Kingdom, 2018, 1–4, doi: 10.1109/BICOP.2018.8658335.

J. Grubor, S. C. J. Lee, K. Langer, T. Koonen, and J. W. Walewski, “Wireless High-Speed Data Transmission with Phosphorescent White-Light LEDs,” in 33rd European Conference and Exhibition of Optical Communication - Post-Deadline Papers (Published 2008) (2007), pp. 1–2.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Image of a large crystal, under UV light excitation; (b) SEM image of crystal powder; (c) Normalized CL spectra from the surface of the crystal on top left; Inset: CL spectrum of the crystal on an area with less contribution from the 382 nm peak; (d) PLE of the powder in toluene (centered at 520 nm).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. a – Setup used for µLED pumped color conversion. The µLED’s blue emission (1) is focused by two lenses (2) into a color converting sample (3). The sample’s green emission is then focused by a second set of lenses (4), goes through an optical filter (5) that filters the blue emission and is detected by an APD (6), or other detector (power meter, spectrometer). Photographs of the sample under UV (b) and white light (c) illumination.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Optical power density vs current for µLED (a) and LD (b).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Frequency response of the sample under LD excitation.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Spectral emission under LD excitation for different power densities. Inset: position of the central maximum and FWHM for different power densities.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Normalized forward efficiency for µLED and LD. (b) Log-log plot of the optical power (black squares), vs pump power density for µLED (left) and LD (right); the linear fits (red and green) show the optical power follows a power law with excitation power density.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Bandwidth and lifetime for increasing power densities. Lower values for the TCSPC measurement; middle values for µLED excitation; higher values for LD excitation.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. SNR plot for the color converter under µLED and LD excitation used to determine the available bandwidth. The area in gray cross-hatch corresponds to unusable carriers for communications.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. (a) - BER vs data rates, using a µLED pump (squares) and a LD pump (circles) and with (blue) and without (green) a pump source contribution. (b) Illuminance spectrum illustrating the higher contribution from the LED for the 1.14 Gb/s result.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters for triple-exponential fits to TCSPC measurements

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A = π ω X ω Y
F R ( f ) = 2 10 L o g ( n ( f ) 2 + D ( f ) 2 )
n ( f ) = i α i ω τ i 2 1 + ω 2 τ i 2 i α i τ i
D ( f ) = i α i τ i 1 + ω 2 τ i 2 i α i τ i
f 6 d b = 3 2 π τ ~
τ ~ = i n a i τ i 2 a i τ i
η = τ r 1 τ r 1 + τ n r 1
I ( t ) = i = 1 3 α i e t / τ i

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