Abstract

It has been established that rare earth elements (REE), as alloying additives, are a significant source of hydrogen and oxygen impurity in glasses of Ge – S and Ge – As – S systems. A method has been developed that includes loading germanium in the form of monosulfide and high-temperature annealing of REE and their compounds in sulfur vapor, reducing content of absorbing impurities in sulfide-germanium glasses. Samples of especially pure glasses of Ge42.5S57.5 and Ge35As10S55 composition doped with praseodymium up to 1450 ppm(at) were prepared. The impurity content of hydrogen and oxygen in the form of SH-groups and Ge–O in the best glass samples was 0.02–0.06 ppm(wt) and <0.1– 0.2 ppm(wt), respectively. The absorption coefficients and the absorption cross section were determined for various energy states of the Pr3+ ion in Ge35As10S55 glass. The luminescence intensity of Pr3+ ions in the spectral ranges 2.0–2.8 and 3.5–5.8 µm in Ge42.5S57.5 glasses is by 3 orders of magnitude higher than in Ge35As10S55 glasses.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  3. P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Kawamoto and S. Tsuchihashi, “Glass-Forming Regions and Structure of Glasses in the System Ge-S,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(11), 626–627 (1969).
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  5. B. Voigt and M. Wolf, “Optical properties of vitreous GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 51(3), 317–322 (1982).
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  6. V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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  19. M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. V. G. Borisevich, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, and M. F. Churbanov, “Extinction Coefficient of SH Groups in Vitreous Arsenic Sulfide,” High-purity Substances 4(2), 759–766 (1990).
  21. J. Nishii, T. Yamashita, and T. Yamagishi, “Oxide impurity absorptions in Ge-Se-Te glass fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(12), 4293–4297 (1989).
    [Crossref]
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  23. I. M. Pecheritsyn and S. L. Kuznetsov, “On chemical interaction in glasses GeS(Se)2 – GeI4,” Fizika i khimiya stekla 22(6), 754–764 (1996).
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    [Crossref]
  25. N. N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements. 2nd Edition (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997).
  26. R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, and P. Johanssona, “Localized states model of GeS2 glasses based on electronic states of GenSm clusters calculated by using TD-DFT method,” J. Optoelectron. and Adv. Mat. 7(4), 1881–1888 (2005).

2018 (2)

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

N. Terakado and K. Tanaka, “The structure and optical properties of GeO2–GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(18), 1992–1999 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, and P. Johanssona, “Localized states model of GeS2 glasses based on electronic states of GenSm clusters calculated by using TD-DFT method,” J. Optoelectron. and Adv. Mat. 7(4), 1881–1888 (2005).

D. I. Bletskan, “Phase equilibrium in the system AIV-BVI - Part II: Systems germanium-chalcogen,” J. Ovonic Research. 1(5), 53–60 (2005).

2004 (1)

T. Kavettskyy, L. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, J. Filipeski, and J. Swaitek, “On the compositional trends in IR impurity absorption of Ge–As(Sb)–S glasses,” Chalcogenide Let. 1(10), 125–130 (2004).

2001 (1)

H. Kim, J. M. Vohs, and R. J. Gorte, “Direct oxidation of sulfur-containing fuels in a solid oxide fuel cell,” Chem. Commun. 22(22), 2334–2335 (2001).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

V. Krasteva, D. Hensley, and G. Sigel, “The effect of compositional variations on the properties of rare-earth doped Ge-S-I chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 235–242 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

I. M. Pecheritsyn and S. L. Kuznetsov, “On chemical interaction in glasses GeS(Se)2 – GeI4,” Fizika i khimiya stekla 22(6), 754–764 (1996).

1990 (1)

V. G. Borisevich, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, and M. F. Churbanov, “Extinction Coefficient of SH Groups in Vitreous Arsenic Sulfide,” High-purity Substances 4(2), 759–766 (1990).

1989 (1)

J. Nishii, T. Yamashita, and T. Yamagishi, “Oxide impurity absorptions in Ge-Se-Te glass fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(12), 4293–4297 (1989).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

B. Voigt and M. Wolf, “Optical properties of vitreous GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 51(3), 317–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

Y. Kawamoto and S. Tsuchihashi, “Glass-Forming Regions and Structure of Glasses in the System Ge-S,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(11), 626–627 (1969).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

R. Ballestracci, “Structure crystalline des oxydisulfures de terres rares,” Mater. Res. Bull. 2(7), 473–479 (1967).
[Crossref]

Adam, J.-L.

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

J.-L. Adam and X. Zhang, Chalcogenide Glasses: Preparation, Properties and Applications (Woodhead Publishing, 2014), Chap. 11.

Anashkina, E. A.

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ballestracci, R.

R. Ballestracci, “Structure crystalline des oxydisulfures de terres rares,” Mater. Res. Bull. 2(7), 473–479 (1967).
[Crossref]

Belind, S.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Benson, T. M.

Bletskan, D. I.

D. I. Bletskan, “Phase equilibrium in the system AIV-BVI - Part II: Systems germanium-chalcogen,” J. Ovonic Research. 1(5), 53–60 (2005).

Borisevich, V. G.

V. G. Borisevich, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, and M. F. Churbanov, “Extinction Coefficient of SH Groups in Vitreous Arsenic Sulfide,” High-purity Substances 4(2), 759–766 (1990).

Btauer, R.

R. Btauer, Handbook on Inorganic Synthesis, T. 3 (Mir, 1985).

Bureaua, B.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Charpentier, F.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Churbanov, M. F.

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Filippovsky, V. O. Sokolov, M. V. Sukhanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in Bi-doped Ge–S and As–Ge–S chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 366–374 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. G. Borisevich, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, and M. F. Churbanov, “Extinction Coefficient of SH Groups in Vitreous Arsenic Sulfide,” High-purity Substances 4(2), 759–766 (1990).

Dianov, E. M.

Doualan, J. L.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J.-L.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Earnshaw, A.

N. N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements. 2nd Edition (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997).

Fadeeva, D. A.

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Filipeski, J.

T. Kavettskyy, L. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, J. Filipeski, and J. Swaitek, “On the compositional trends in IR impurity absorption of Ge–As(Sb)–S glasses,” Chalcogenide Let. 1(10), 125–130 (2004).

Filippovsky, D. V.

Frumar, M.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Frumarova, B.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Furniss, D.

Golovchak, L.

T. Kavettskyy, L. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, J. Filipeski, and J. Swaitek, “On the compositional trends in IR impurity absorption of Ge–As(Sb)–S glasses,” Chalcogenide Let. 1(10), 125–130 (2004).

Gorte, R. J.

H. Kim, J. M. Vohs, and R. J. Gorte, “Direct oxidation of sulfur-containing fuels in a solid oxide fuel cell,” Chem. Commun. 22(22), 2334–2335 (2001).
[Crossref]

Greenwood, N. N.

N. N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements. 2nd Edition (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997).

Hensley, D.

V. Krasteva, D. Hensley, and G. Sigel, “The effect of compositional variations on the properties of rare-earth doped Ge-S-I chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 235–242 (1997).
[Crossref]

Holomb, R.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, and P. Johanssona, “Localized states model of GeS2 glasses based on electronic states of GenSm clusters calculated by using TD-DFT method,” J. Optoelectron. and Adv. Mat. 7(4), 1881–1888 (2005).

Houizot, P.

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

Johanssona, P.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, and P. Johanssona, “Localized states model of GeS2 glasses based on electronic states of GenSm clusters calculated by using TD-DFT method,” J. Optoelectron. and Adv. Mat. 7(4), 1881–1888 (2005).

Jóvári, P.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Karaksina, E. V.

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kavettskyy, T.

T. Kavettskyy, L. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, J. Filipeski, and J. Swaitek, “On the compositional trends in IR impurity absorption of Ge–As(Sb)–S glasses,” Chalcogenide Let. 1(10), 125–130 (2004).

Kawamoto, Y.

Y. Kawamoto and S. Tsuchihashi, “Glass-Forming Regions and Structure of Glasses in the System Ge-S,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(11), 626–627 (1969).
[Crossref]

Ketkova, L. A.

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, J. M. Vohs, and R. J. Gorte, “Direct oxidation of sulfur-containing fuels in a solid oxide fuel cell,” Chem. Commun. 22(22), 2334–2335 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kincl, M.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Koltashev, V. V.

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koroleva, L. A.

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kotereva, T. V.

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krasteva, V.

V. Krasteva, D. Hensley, and G. Sigel, “The effect of compositional variations on the properties of rare-earth doped Ge-S-I chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 235–242 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kutyin, A. M.

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, S. L.

I. M. Pecheritsyn and S. L. Kuznetsov, “On chemical interaction in glasses GeS(Se)2 – GeI4,” Fizika i khimiya stekla 22(6), 754–764 (1996).

Mitsa, V.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, and P. Johanssona, “Localized states model of GeS2 glasses based on electronic states of GenSm clusters calculated by using TD-DFT method,” J. Optoelectron. and Adv. Mat. 7(4), 1881–1888 (2005).

Moizan, V.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moncorge, R.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nazabal, V.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nazabala, V.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nemec, P.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nishii, J.

J. Nishii, T. Yamashita, and T. Yamagishi, “Oxide impurity absorptions in Ge-Se-Te glass fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(12), 4293–4297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Pecheritsyn, I. M.

I. M. Pecheritsyn and S. L. Kuznetsov, “On chemical interaction in glasses GeS(Se)2 – GeI4,” Fizika i khimiya stekla 22(6), 754–764 (1996).

Plekhovich, A. D.

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Filippovsky, V. O. Sokolov, M. V. Sukhanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in Bi-doped Ge–S and As–Ge–S chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 366–374 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. G. Borisevich, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, and M. F. Churbanov, “Extinction Coefficient of SH Groups in Vitreous Arsenic Sulfide,” High-purity Substances 4(2), 759–766 (1990).

Potapov, A. M.

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seddon, A. B.

Shiryaev, V. S.

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shpotyuk, O.

T. Kavettskyy, L. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, J. Filipeski, and J. Swaitek, “On the compositional trends in IR impurity absorption of Ge–As(Sb)–S glasses,” Chalcogenide Let. 1(10), 125–130 (2004).

Sibirkin, A. A.

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sigel, G.

V. Krasteva, D. Hensley, and G. Sigel, “The effect of compositional variations on the properties of rare-earth doped Ge-S-I chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 235–242 (1997).
[Crossref]

Skripachev, I. V.

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. G. Borisevich, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, and M. F. Churbanov, “Extinction Coefficient of SH Groups in Vitreous Arsenic Sulfide,” High-purity Substances 4(2), 759–766 (1990).

Snopatin, G. E.

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, V. O.

Sourkova, P.

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

Starecki, F.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sujecki, S.

Sukhanov, M. V.

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Filippovsky, V. O. Sokolov, M. V. Sukhanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in Bi-doped Ge–S and As–Ge–S chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 366–374 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Swaitek, J.

T. Kavettskyy, L. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, J. Filipeski, and J. Swaitek, “On the compositional trends in IR impurity absorption of Ge–As(Sb)–S glasses,” Chalcogenide Let. 1(10), 125–130 (2004).

Tanaka, K.

N. Terakado and K. Tanaka, “The structure and optical properties of GeO2–GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(18), 1992–1999 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, Z.

Terakado, N.

N. Terakado and K. Tanaka, “The structure and optical properties of GeO2–GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(18), 1992–1999 (2008).
[Crossref]

Troles, J.

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tsuchihashi, S.

Y. Kawamoto and S. Tsuchihashi, “Glass-Forming Regions and Structure of Glasses in the System Ge-S,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(11), 626–627 (1969).
[Crossref]

Velmuzhov, A. P.

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. G. Plotnichenko, D. V. Filippovsky, V. O. Sokolov, M. V. Sukhanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Infrared luminescence in Bi-doped Ge–S and As–Ge–S chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 366–374 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vohs, J. M.

H. Kim, J. M. Vohs, and R. J. Gorte, “Direct oxidation of sulfur-containing fuels in a solid oxide fuel cell,” Chem. Commun. 22(22), 2334–2335 (2001).
[Crossref]

Voigt, B.

B. Voigt and M. Wolf, “Optical properties of vitreous GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 51(3), 317–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Wolf, M.

B. Voigt and M. Wolf, “Optical properties of vitreous GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 51(3), 317–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yamagishi, T.

J. Nishii, T. Yamashita, and T. Yamagishi, “Oxide impurity absorptions in Ge-Se-Te glass fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(12), 4293–4297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, T.

J. Nishii, T. Yamashita, and T. Yamagishi, “Oxide impurity absorptions in Ge-Se-Te glass fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(12), 4293–4297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Zernova, N. S.

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

J.-L. Adam and X. Zhang, Chalcogenide Glasses: Preparation, Properties and Applications (Woodhead Publishing, 2014), Chap. 11.

Chalcogenide Let. (1)

T. Kavettskyy, L. Golovchak, O. Shpotyuk, J. Filipeski, and J. Swaitek, “On the compositional trends in IR impurity absorption of Ge–As(Sb)–S glasses,” Chalcogenide Let. 1(10), 125–130 (2004).

Chem. Commun. (1)

H. Kim, J. M. Vohs, and R. J. Gorte, “Direct oxidation of sulfur-containing fuels in a solid oxide fuel cell,” Chem. Commun. 22(22), 2334–2335 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fizika i khimiya stekla (1)

I. M. Pecheritsyn and S. L. Kuznetsov, “On chemical interaction in glasses GeS(Se)2 – GeI4,” Fizika i khimiya stekla 22(6), 754–764 (1996).

High-purity Substances (1)

V. G. Borisevich, V. G. Plotnichenko, I. V. Skripachev, and M. F. Churbanov, “Extinction Coefficient of SH Groups in Vitreous Arsenic Sulfide,” High-purity Substances 4(2), 759–766 (1990).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

Y. Kawamoto and S. Tsuchihashi, “Glass-Forming Regions and Structure of Glasses in the System Ge-S,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(11), 626–627 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

P. Sourkova, B. Frumarova, M. Frumar, P. Nemec, M. Kincl, V. Nazabal, V. Moizan, J.-L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, “Spectroscopy of infrared transitions of Pr3+ ions in Ga–Ge–Sb–Se glasses,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1148–1153 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

J. Nishii, T. Yamashita, and T. Yamagishi, “Oxide impurity absorptions in Ge-Se-Te glass fibres,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(12), 4293–4297 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (5)

N. Terakado and K. Tanaka, “The structure and optical properties of GeO2–GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(18), 1992–1999 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Krasteva, D. Hensley, and G. Sigel, “The effect of compositional variations on the properties of rare-earth doped Ge-S-I chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 222, 235–242 (1997).
[Crossref]

B. Voigt and M. Wolf, “Optical properties of vitreous GeS2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 51(3), 317–322 (1982).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, L. A. Ketkova, M. F. Churbanov, A. M. Potapov, J. Troles, P. Houizot, J.-L. Adam, and A. A. Sibirkin, “Heterophase inclusions and dissolved impurities in Ge25Sb10S65 glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(52-54), 2640–2646 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. F. Churbanov, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, M. V. Sukhanov, T. V. Kotereva, L. A. Koroleva, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. M. Kutyin, and A. D. Plekhovich, “Preparation of chalcogenide glasses of As–S, Ge–S, Ge–Se systems from monoisotopic elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 12–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Optoelectron. and Adv. Mat. (1)

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, and P. Johanssona, “Localized states model of GeS2 glasses based on electronic states of GenSm clusters calculated by using TD-DFT method,” J. Optoelectron. and Adv. Mat. 7(4), 1881–1888 (2005).

J. Ovonic Research. (1)

D. I. Bletskan, “Phase equilibrium in the system AIV-BVI - Part II: Systems germanium-chalcogen,” J. Ovonic Research. 1(5), 53–60 (2005).

Mater. Lett. (1)

F. Charpentier, F. Starecki, J. L. Doualan, P. Jóvári, P. Camy, J. Troles, S. Belind, B. Bureaua, and V. Nazabala, “Mid-IR luminescence of Dy3+ and Pr3+ doped Ga5Ge20Sb10S(Se)65 bulk glasses and fiber,” Mater. Lett. 101, 21–24 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

R. Ballestracci, “Structure crystalline des oxydisulfures de terres rares,” Mater. Res. Bull. 2(7), 473–479 (1967).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (4)

M. F. Churbanov, A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, G. E. Snopatin, I. V. Skripachev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “Arsenic-sulfide glasses with low content of hydrogen impurity for fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 77, 87–92 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. V. Karaksina, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. A. Anashkina, T. V. Kotereva, and G. E. Snopatin, “Core-clad Pr(3+)-doped Ga(In)-Ge-As-Se-(I) glass fibers: Preparation, investigation, simulation of laser characteristics,” Opt. Mater. 72, 654–660 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, T. V. Kotereva, G. E. Snopatin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Preparation of special purity Ge-S-I and Ge-Se-I glasses,” Opt. Mater. 67, 59–63 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Velmuzhov, M. V. Sukhanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, T. V. Kotereva, N. S. Zernova, and D. A. Fadeeva, “Preparation of especially pure Ge-Se glasses via germanium monoselenide for Mid-IR fiber optics,” Opt. Mater. 84, 888–892 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Other (4)

IVTANTHERMO for Windows: Thermodynamic Database and Software, (Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2005).

J.-L. Adam and X. Zhang, Chalcogenide Glasses: Preparation, Properties and Applications (Woodhead Publishing, 2014), Chap. 11.

R. Btauer, Handbook on Inorganic Synthesis, T. 3 (Mir, 1985).

N. N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements. 2nd Edition (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Scheme of set-up for loading the batch and synthesis of chalcogenide glasses based on germanium sulfide doped with praseodymium: 1 - the sulfur evaporator; 2 - the section with germanium, arsenic and praseodymium; 3 - the receiver with a forming tube, 4, 5, 6 - the resistance furnaces; 7 - the crashing partition; 8 - the magnetic hammer; 9, 10, 11 - the wired heaters; A, B, C - the waists for sealing-off.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Degree of transformation of impurities C(–), H2O(-·-) and GeO(—) with an impurity content (mol.%) = 0.1 (8), 0.05 (1), 0.01 (2, 5), 0.001 (3, 6, 10), 0.0001 (4, 7, 9).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. DSC curves for heating glasses of Ge35As10S55 (1) and Ge42.5S57.5 (2) composition.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Absorption spectra of samples of GS3 (1), GS4 (2) and GS2 (3) glasses.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Absorption spectra of glass samples in the region of the long-wavelength transmission edge: a - GS1 (1), GS3 (2), GS4 (3), GS2 (4); b - GAS1 (1), GAS2 (2), GAS3 (3), GAS4 (4), GAS5 (5).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Absorption spectra of glasses GAS1 (1), GAS2 (2), GAS3 (3), GAS4 (4), GAS5 (5) (a) and the dependence of the integrated intensity of the absorption bands Pr3+ on its content in glass (b).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Cross sections for ground state absorption transitions of Pr3+ in GAS glasses.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Luminescence spectra of praseodymium ions in samples of GS4 (1) and GAS4 (2) glasses. Spectrum GAS4 is multiplied by 100.

Tables (3)

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Table 1. Composition of glasses and their legend.

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Table 2. Content of oxygen and hydrogen impurities in the form of SH-groups and Ge–O in the prepared glasses.

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Table 3. Absorption coefficients and absorption cross sections for Pr3+ ion terms.

Equations (10)

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$$\textrm{C}\, + \,2\textrm{S} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} \textrm{C}{\textrm{S}_2}$$
$$\textrm{GeO}\, + \,3\textrm{S} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} \textrm{GeS}\, + \,{\textrm{S}_2}\textrm{O}$$
$$2{\textrm{H}_2}\textrm{O}\, + \,3\textrm{S} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} 2{\textrm{H}_2}\textrm{S}\, + \,\textrm{S}{\textrm{O}_2}$$
$$3\textrm{S}\, + \,\textrm{S}{\textrm{O}_2} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} 2{\textrm{S}_2}\textrm{O}$$
$$\varepsilon (\lambda )= \frac{{ - \textrm{lg}({T(\lambda )} )}}{l},$$
$${\sigma _{abs.}}(\lambda )= \frac{{\varepsilon (\lambda )}}{{{N_{\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}^{3 + }}}}}},$$
$$2\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}_6}{\textrm{O}_{11}}\, + \,29\textrm{S} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} 6\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}_2}{\textrm{S}_3}\, + \,11\textrm{S}{\textrm{O}_2}$$
$$6\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}_6}{\textrm{O}_{11}}\, + \,29\textrm{C}{\textrm{S}_2} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} 18\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}_2}{\textrm{S}_3}\, + \,29\textrm{C}{\textrm{O}_2}\, + \,4\textrm{S}{\textrm{O}_2}$$
$$3\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}_6}{\textrm{O}_{11}}\, + \,29{\textrm{H}_2}\textrm{S} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} 9\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}_2}{\textrm{S}_3}\, + \,29{\textrm{H}_2}\textrm{O}\, + \,2\textrm{S}{\textrm{O}_2}$$
$$4\textrm{Pr}{({\textrm{OH}} )_3}\, + \,9\textrm{S} \mathbin{\lower.3ex\hbox{$\buildrel\textstyle\rightarrow\over {\smash{\leftarrow}\vphantom{_{\vbox to.5ex{\vss}}}}$}} 2\textrm{P}{\textrm{r}_2}{\textrm{S}_3}\, + \,3\textrm{S}{\textrm{O}_2}\, + \,6{\textrm{H}_2}\textrm{O}$$