Abstract

We present the data showing significant impact of scattering upon base-loss in the VIS/NIR region in bismuth (Bi), yttrium/lithium co-doped germano- and phospho-silicate optical fibers. The fibers were fabricated through standard modified chemical vapor deposition process in conjunction with solution-doping technique and their spectral loss (linear and nonlinear, at different excitation wavelengths) and emission properties were thoroughly studied. Among the features revealed for the fibers, the dependence of unbleached loss on wavelength obeyed (∼1/λ4) points on Raleigh scattering behind the phenomenon.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2019 (1)

2018 (2)

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

2016 (3)

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, M. C. Paul, and S. Das, “Strong and broad visible emission of Bismuth doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica optical fibers,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 309–315 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

A. V. Kir’yanov, A. Halder, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, A. Dhar, S. K. Bhadra, V. V. Koltashev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and M. C. Paul, “Distribution of Bismuth and Bismuth-related centers in core area of Y-Al-SiO2:Bi fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3649–3659 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, V. Khopin, M. Melkumov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Photobleaching effect in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19226–19233 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Nature of Bi-related near IR active centers in glasses: state of the art and first reliable results,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095106 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. T. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Ryumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Wan, Z. Song, Y. Li, Q. Liu, Y. Zhou, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Q. Wang, and D. Zhou, “Influence of alkali metal ions on thermal stability of Bi-activated NIR-emitting alkali-aluminosilicate glasses,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(11), 111601 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Y. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria–alumina–silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Khonton, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. Sahu, “Bismuth doped fiber laser and study of unsaturable loss and pump induced absorption in laser performance,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21032–21038 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Haro-Poniatowski, M. Jimenez de Castro, J. M. Fernandez Navarro, J. F. Morhange, and C. Ricolleau, “Melting and solidification of Bi nanoparticles in a germanate glass,” Nanotechnology 18(31), 315703 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Y. T. Fei, S. J. Fan, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Crystallizing behavior of Bi2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 19(10), 893–895 (2000).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

L. Dimesso, G. Gnappi, A. Montenero, P. Fabeni, and G.P. Pazzi, “The crystallization behaviour of bismuth germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 26(15), 4215–4219 (1991).
[Crossref]

Alyshev, S.

Alyshev, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arai, Y.

S. Khonton, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Bhadra, S. K.

A. Halder, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, M. C. Paul, and S. Das, “Strong and broad visible emission of Bismuth doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica optical fibers,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 309–315 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, A. Halder, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, A. Dhar, S. K. Bhadra, V. V. Koltashev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and M. C. Paul, “Distribution of Bismuth and Bismuth-related centers in core area of Y-Al-SiO2:Bi fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3649–3659 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Borisovsky, S. E.

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

Bulatov, L. I.

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bysakh, S.

A. Halder, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, M. C. Paul, and S. Das, “Strong and broad visible emission of Bismuth doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica optical fibers,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 309–315 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

d’Acapito, F.

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

Das, S.

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. H. Siddiki, Y. O. Barmenkov, D. Dutta, A. Dhar, S. Das, and M. C. Paul, “Bismuth-doped hafnia-yttria-alumina-silica based fiber: spectral characterization in NIR to mid-IR,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(10), 3548–3560 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. H. Siddiki, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, D. Dutta, A. Dhar, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Khakhalin, E. M. Sholokhov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. I. Didenko, and M. C. Paul, “Hafnia-yttria-alumina-silicate optical fibers with diminished mid-IR (>2 µm) loss,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(7), 2511–2518 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, M. C. Paul, and S. Das, “Strong and broad visible emission of Bismuth doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica optical fibers,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 309–315 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, A. Halder, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, A. Dhar, S. K. Bhadra, V. V. Koltashev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and M. C. Paul, “Distribution of Bismuth and Bismuth-related centers in core area of Y-Al-SiO2:Bi fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3649–3659 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

M.C. Paul, S. Das, A. Dhar, D. Dutta, P.H. Reddy, M. Pal, and A.V. Kir’yanov, “Advanced nano-engineered glass-based optical fibers for photonics applications,” in Handbook of Optical Fibers (G.D. Peng, ed.), (Springer Nature Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2018).

Dhar, A.

Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Nature of Bi-related near IR active centers in glasses: state of the art and first reliable results,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095106 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Ryumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Y. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in Proc. 31st European Conference on Optics Communications (Glasgow, Scotland, 2005) Paper Th.3.3.5, pp. 949−950.

Didenko, S. I.

Dimesso, L.

L. Dimesso, G. Gnappi, A. Montenero, P. Fabeni, and G.P. Pazzi, “The crystallization behaviour of bismuth germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 26(15), 4215–4219 (1991).
[Crossref]

Dong, C.

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dutta, D.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Y. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in Proc. 31st European Conference on Optics Communications (Glasgow, Scotland, 2005) Paper Th.3.3.5, pp. 949−950.

Fabeni, P.

L. Dimesso, G. Gnappi, A. Montenero, P. Fabeni, and G.P. Pazzi, “The crystallization behaviour of bismuth germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 26(15), 4215–4219 (1991).
[Crossref]

Fan, S. J.

Y. T. Fei, S. J. Fan, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Crystallizing behavior of Bi2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 19(10), 893–895 (2000).
[Crossref]

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fei, Y. T.

Y. T. Fei, S. J. Fan, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Crystallizing behavior of Bi2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 19(10), 893–895 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fernandez Navarro, J. M.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, M. Jimenez de Castro, J. M. Fernandez Navarro, J. F. Morhange, and C. Ricolleau, “Melting and solidification of Bi nanoparticles in a germanate glass,” Nanotechnology 18(31), 315703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Firstov, S.

Firstov, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. Ryumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gnappi, G.

L. Dimesso, G. Gnappi, A. Montenero, P. Fabeni, and G.P. Pazzi, “The crystallization behaviour of bismuth germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 26(15), 4215–4219 (1991).
[Crossref]

Guan, M.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A.

Guryanov, A. N.

E. Ryumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in Proc. 31st European Conference on Optics Communications (Glasgow, Scotland, 2005) Paper Th.3.3.5, pp. 949−950.

Halder, A.

A. Halder, A. V. Kir’yanov, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “Fabrication and study of basic optical properties of Bismuth-doped germano-silicate and phospho-silicate fibers for VIS/NIR applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(4), 1815–1825 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, M. C. Paul, and S. Das, “Strong and broad visible emission of Bismuth doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica optical fibers,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 309–315 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, A. Halder, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, A. Dhar, S. K. Bhadra, V. V. Koltashev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and M. C. Paul, “Distribution of Bismuth and Bismuth-related centers in core area of Y-Al-SiO2:Bi fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3649–3659 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

Haro-Poniatowski, E.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, M. Jimenez de Castro, J. M. Fernandez Navarro, J. F. Morhange, and C. Ricolleau, “Melting and solidification of Bi nanoparticles in a germanate glass,” Nanotechnology 18(31), 315703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Harun, S. W.

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hong, Z.

Hughes, M. A.

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria–alumina–silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

Il’ichev, N. N.

Iskhakova, L. D.

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jain, S.

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jimenez de Castro, M.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, M. Jimenez de Castro, J. M. Fernandez Navarro, J. F. Morhange, and C. Ricolleau, “Melting and solidification of Bi nanoparticles in a germanate glass,” Nanotechnology 18(31), 315703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kablukov, S. A.

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kalita, M. P.

Karatun, N. M.

Khakhalin, A. V.

Kharakhordin, A. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Khegai, A. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Khonton, S.

S. Khonton, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Khopin, V.

Khopin, V. F.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. Halder, A. V. Kir’yanov, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “Fabrication and study of basic optical properties of Bismuth-doped germano-silicate and phospho-silicate fibers for VIS/NIR applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(4), 1815–1825 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. H. Siddiki, Y. O. Barmenkov, D. Dutta, A. Dhar, S. Das, and M. C. Paul, “Bismuth-doped hafnia-yttria-alumina-silica based fiber: spectral characterization in NIR to mid-IR,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(10), 3548–3560 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. H. Siddiki, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, D. Dutta, A. Dhar, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Khakhalin, E. M. Sholokhov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. I. Didenko, and M. C. Paul, “Hafnia-yttria-alumina-silicate optical fibers with diminished mid-IR (>2 µm) loss,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(7), 2511–2518 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, A. Halder, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, A. Dhar, S. K. Bhadra, V. V. Koltashev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and M. C. Paul, “Distribution of Bismuth and Bismuth-related centers in core area of Y-Al-SiO2:Bi fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3649–3659 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Y. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kir’yanov, A.V.

M.C. Paul, S. Das, A. Dhar, D. Dutta, P.H. Reddy, M. Pal, and A.V. Kir’yanov, “Advanced nano-engineered glass-based optical fibers for photonics applications,” in Handbook of Optical Fibers (G.D. Peng, ed.), (Springer Nature Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2018).

Koltashev, V. V.

Kozlova, N. S.

Kustov, E. F.

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lin, G.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

Lobach, I. A.

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lucio-Martinez, J. L.

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, F.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Ma, Z.

Martinez-Gamez, A. A.

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mashinsky, V. M.

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Y. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in Proc. 31st European Conference on Optics Communications (Glasgow, Scotland, 2005) Paper Th.3.3.5, pp. 949−950.

Medvedkov, O. I.

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[Crossref]

Melkumov, M.

Melkumov, M. A.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Ryumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power cw bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

Milovich, F. O.

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

Montenero, A.

L. Dimesso, G. Gnappi, A. Montenero, P. Fabeni, and G.P. Pazzi, “The crystallization behaviour of bismuth germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 26(15), 4215–4219 (1991).
[Crossref]

Morhange, J. F.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, M. Jimenez de Castro, J. M. Fernandez Navarro, J. F. Morhange, and C. Ricolleau, “Melting and solidification of Bi nanoparticles in a germanate glass,” Nanotechnology 18(31), 315703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Morimoto, S.

S. Khonton, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Ohishi, Y.

S. Khonton, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria–alumina–silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pal, M.

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

M.C. Paul, S. Das, A. Dhar, D. Dutta, P.H. Reddy, M. Pal, and A.V. Kir’yanov, “Advanced nano-engineered glass-based optical fibers for photonics applications,” in Handbook of Optical Fibers (G.D. Peng, ed.), (Springer Nature Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2018).

Paul, M. C.

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. H. Siddiki, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, D. Dutta, A. Dhar, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, A. V. Khakhalin, E. M. Sholokhov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. I. Didenko, and M. C. Paul, “Hafnia-yttria-alumina-silicate optical fibers with diminished mid-IR (>2 µm) loss,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(7), 2511–2518 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. H. Siddiki, Y. O. Barmenkov, D. Dutta, A. Dhar, S. Das, and M. C. Paul, “Bismuth-doped hafnia-yttria-alumina-silica based fiber: spectral characterization in NIR to mid-IR,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(10), 3548–3560 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, M. C. Paul, and S. Das, “Strong and broad visible emission of Bismuth doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica optical fibers,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 309–315 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, A. Halder, Y. O. Barmenkov, S. Das, A. Dhar, S. K. Bhadra, V. V. Koltashev, V. G. Plotnichenko, and M. C. Paul, “Distribution of Bismuth and Bismuth-related centers in core area of Y-Al-SiO2:Bi fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3649–3659 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

Paul, M.C.

M.C. Paul, S. Das, A. Dhar, D. Dutta, P.H. Reddy, M. Pal, and A.V. Kir’yanov, “Advanced nano-engineered glass-based optical fibers for photonics applications,” in Handbook of Optical Fibers (G.D. Peng, ed.), (Springer Nature Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2018).

Pazzi, G.P.

L. Dimesso, G. Gnappi, A. Montenero, P. Fabeni, and G.P. Pazzi, “The crystallization behaviour of bismuth germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 26(15), 4215–4219 (1991).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.-D.

Peng, M.

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Podivilov, E. V.

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

H. T. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Wan, Z. Song, Y. Li, Q. Liu, Y. Zhou, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, Z. Yin, Q. Wang, and D. Zhou, “Influence of alkali metal ions on thermal stability of Bi-activated NIR-emitting alkali-aluminosilicate glasses,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(11), 111601 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Reddy, P.H.

M.C. Paul, S. Das, A. Dhar, D. Dutta, P.H. Reddy, M. Pal, and A.V. Kir’yanov, “Advanced nano-engineered glass-based optical fibers for photonics applications,” in Handbook of Optical Fibers (G.D. Peng, ed.), (Springer Nature Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2018).

Ricolleau, C.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, M. Jimenez de Castro, J. M. Fernandez Navarro, J. F. Morhange, and C. Ricolleau, “Melting and solidification of Bi nanoparticles in a germanate glass,” Nanotechnology 18(31), 315703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Riumkin, K. E.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ryumkin, E.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

Saito, K.

Sekiya, E. H.

Semjonov, S. L.

Sholokhov, E. M.

Shubin, A. V.

Siddiki, S. H.

Skvortsov, M. I.

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

Song, Z.

Sukhorukov, A. P.

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, H. T.

H. T. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, R. Y.

Y. T. Fei, S. J. Fan, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Crystallizing behavior of Bi2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 19(10), 893–895 (2000).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria–alumina–silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tan, D.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref]

Teng, Y.

Tian, Y.

Torrengo, S.

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Umnikov, A. A.

E. Ryumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers – a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in Proc. 31st European Conference on Optics Communications (Glasgow, Scotland, 2005) Paper Th.3.3.5, pp. 949−950.

Van De Hulst, H. C.

H. C. Van De Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, 1981).

Varfolomeev, I. A.

Wan, R.

Wang, Q.

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, J. Y.

Y. T. Fei, S. J. Fan, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Crystallizing behavior of Bi2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 19(10), 893–895 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yashkov, M. V.

Yin, Z.

Yoo, S.

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, S.

Zhou, Y.

Zlenko, A. S.

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. (1)

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Structure of absorption and luminescence bands in aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with bismuth,” Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci.: Phys. 72(12), 1655–1660 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Curr. Nanosci. (1)

A. Halder, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, M. C. Paul, and S. Das, “Strong and broad visible emission of Bismuth doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica optical fibers,” Curr. Nanosci. 12(3), 309–315 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with Bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Y. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Lumin. (1)

A. Halder, M. C. Paul, S. W. Harun, S. K. Bhadra, S. Bysakh, S. Das, and M. Pal, “Visible and near infrared up-conversion luminescence in Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped yttria-alumino-silicate glass based optical fibers,” J. Lumin. 143, 393–401 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

L. Dimesso, G. Gnappi, A. Montenero, P. Fabeni, and G.P. Pazzi, “The crystallization behaviour of bismuth germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 26(15), 4215–4219 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. Lett. (1)

Y. T. Fei, S. J. Fan, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Crystallizing behavior of Bi2O3-SiO2 system,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 19(10), 893–895 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Torrengo, M. C. Paul, A. Halder, S. Das, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, S. Jain, A. V. Kir’yanov, and F. d’Acapito, “EXAFS studies of the local structure of bismuth center in multicomponent silica glass based optical fiber performs,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 410, 82–87 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Nature of Bi-related near IR active centers in glasses: state of the art and first reliable results,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095106 (2015).
[Crossref]

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

Microsc. Microanal. (1)

L. D. Iskhakova, F. O. Milovich, V. M. Mashinsky, A. S. Zlenko, S. E. Borisovsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Identification of nanocrystalline inclusions in Bismuth-doped silica fibers and preforms,” Microsc. Microanal. 22(05), 987–996 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

E. Haro-Poniatowski, M. Jimenez de Castro, J. M. Fernandez Navarro, J. F. Morhange, and C. Ricolleau, “Melting and solidification of Bi nanoparticles in a germanate glass,” Nanotechnology 18(31), 315703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

M. C. Paul, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Das, S. K. Bhadra, Y. O. Barmenkov, A. A. Martinez-Gamez, and J. L. Lucio-Martinez, “Yb-doped yttria-alumino-silicate nano-particles based optical fibers: fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(3), 617–620 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (2)

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria–alumina–silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Khonton, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (3)

Prog. Mater. Sci. (1)

H. T. Sun, J. Zhou, and J. Qiu, “Recent advances in bismuth activated photonic materials,” Prog. Mater. Sci. 64, 1–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (2)

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, O. I. Medvedkov, and M. A. Melkumov, “A new bismuth-doped fibre laser, emitting in the range 1625–1775 nm,” Quantum Electron. 44(6), 503–504 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

I. A. Lobach, S. A. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a Bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. C. Van De Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, 1981).

M.C. Paul, S. Das, A. Dhar, D. Dutta, P.H. Reddy, M. Pal, and A.V. Kir’yanov, “Advanced nano-engineered glass-based optical fibers for photonics applications,” in Handbook of Optical Fibers (G.D. Peng, ed.), (Springer Nature Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2018).

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in Proc. 31st European Conference on Optics Communications (Glasgow, Scotland, 2005) Paper Th.3.3.5, pp. 949−950.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Loss spectra of BDFs: solid lines 1 (Bi-Li-Ge), 2 (Bi-Y-Ge), and 3 (Bi-Y-P). By arrows are shown the excitation wavelengths used in the experiments on measuring the emission spectra (Fig. 2) and nonlinear losses (Fig. 3). The dashed line is built using the data of modeling RS-loss in Bi-Y-Ge and Bi-Y-P fibers (refer to Fig. 4 and the text therein). (b) BDFs’ cross-sectional images: (top) Bi-Li-Ge, (middle) Bi-Y-Ge, and (bottom) Bi-Y-P.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. PL spectra of BDFs obtained at different excitation wavelengths: (a) 405 nm, (b) 520 nm, (c) 633 nm, (d) 720 nm, and (e) 905 nm. BDF lengths used are specified in insets. The asterisk in panel (c) highlights vanishing emission in Bi-Li-Ge fiber at 633-nm excitation.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Nonlinear loss αNL in function of launched pump power Pin in: (a) Bi-Li-Ge, (b) Bi-Y-Ge, and (c) Bi-Y-P fibers. The dependences αNL(Pin) are built in each case for all excitation wavelengths (of relevant colors). The small-signal losses (α0) at these wavelengths are obtained from Fig. 1; the dashed lines specify the residual losses at these wavelengths (αF).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Dependences (symbols) of unbleached losses in BDFs upon excitation wavenumber for (1) Bi-Li-Ge, (2) Bi-Y-Ge, and (3) bi-Y-P fibers; solid lines are polynomic fits of the data. The dashed line (a) plots the RS-loss vs. reciprocal λ for un-doped silica. The dotted lines (b) and (c) plot the modeling results for Bi-Y doped GS / PS fibers, providing the fitting gate (at varying concentration of nanoparticles enriched with Bi and Y) for data 2 and 3. The arrows mark the excitation wavelengths.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. BDFs’ parameters

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Bi3+Bi2+Bi+Bi0Bi0clustersBi0nanoparticles/nanocrystallites,
α(λ)=N8π3(2πnλ)4(m21m2+1)2(d2)6,