Abstract

The surface of a gold-coated robust cicada wing, with nanometer-sized pillars as bristles, exhibits a broadband light absorber property (wavelengths of 400 – 800 nm), which cannot be observed in the case of a gold-coated brown cicada wing. This difference is owing to the different surface structures of the cicada wings. Scanning electron microscopy reveals that the pillars on the wing surface of the robust cicada are thin (diameter of 0.1 $\mu$m) and those of the brown cicada are thick (diameter of 0.5 $\mu$m). The spacing between the pillars of the robust cicada is $\sim$0.14 $\mu$m, whereas, that of the brown cicada is wide (1 $\mu$m). The calculated results, obtained using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, consider the surface structures, and are consistent with the experimentally obtained spectra. The FDTD calculation also reveals that compared with gold, platinum is a slightly more suitable metal for surface coating, which has a large imaginary permittivity in the visible wavelength range.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2016 (4)

H. Nourolahi, M. A. Bolorizadeh, and A. Behjat, “Light absorption with branched gold cauliflower-like nanostructure arrays,” Vacuum 123, 29–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wu, F. Zuber, J. Brugger, K. Maniura-Weber, and Q. Ren, “Antibacterial au nanostructured surfaces,” Nanoscale 8(5), 2620–2625 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Ebihara, Y. Sugimachi, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterial: dark ultrathin gold film fabricated on taro leaf,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1429–1435 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Tanahashi and Y. Harada, “Silver nanoparticles deposited on tio2-coated cicada and butterfly wings as naturally inspired sers substrates,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(22), 5721–5726 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. S. Watsona, D. W. Greenb, M. Sun, A. Liang, L. Xinb, B. W. Cribbd, and J. A. Watson, “The insect (cicada) wing membrane micro/nano structure nature’s templates for control of optics, wetting, adhesion, contamination, bacteria and eukaryotic cells,” J. Nanosci. Adv. Tech. 1(2), 6–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Huang, Y. J. Jen, L. C. Chen, K. H. Chen, and S. Chattopadhyay, “Design for approaching cicada-wing reflectance in low- and high-index biomimetic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 9(1), 301–311 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

I. Tanahashi and Y. Harada, “Naturally inspired sers substrates fabricated by photocatalytically depositing silver nanoparticles on cicada wings,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 9(1), 298 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Dellieu, M. Sarrazin, P. Simonis, O. Deparis, and J. P. Vigneron, “A two-in-one superhydrophobic and anti-reflective nanodevice in the grey cicada cicada orni (hemiptera),” J. Appl. Phys. 116(2), 024701 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, C. X. Zhang, L. Deng, G. X. Zhang, H. J. Xu, and X. M. Sun, “Cicada wing decorated by silver nanoparticles as low-cost and active/sensitive substrates for surface-enhanced raman scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(21), 213101 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

D. Zhang, G. Kostovski, C. Karnutsch, and A. Mitchell, “Random lasing from dye doped polymer within biological source scatters: The pomponia imperatorial cicada wing random nanostructures,” Org. Electron. 13(11), 2342–2345 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Sun, A. Liang, Y. Zheng, G. S. Watson, and J. A. Watson, “A study of the anti-reflection efficiency of natural nano-arrays of varying sizes,” Bioinspiration Biomimetics 6(2), 026003 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Kostovski, U. Chinnasamy, S. Jayawardhana, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “Sub-15nm optical fiber nanoimprint lithography: A parallel, self-aligned and portable approach,” Adv. Mater. 23(4), 531–535 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

A. Walther, I. Bjurhager, J. M. Malho, J. Pere, J. Ruokolainen, L. A. Berglund, and O. Ikkala, “Large-area, lightweight and thick biomimetic composites with superior material properties via fast, economic, and green pathways,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2742–2748 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” PNAS 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Sun, G. S. Watson, Y. Zheng, J. A. Watson, and A. Liang, “Wetting properties on nanostructured surfaces of cicada wings,” J. Exp. Biol. 212(19), 3148–3155 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Kostovski, D. J. White, A. Mitchel, M. W. Austin, and P. R. Stoddart, “Nanoimprinted optical fibres: Biotemplated nanostructures for sers sensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1531–1535 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

G. Xie, G. Zhang, F. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Liu, and S. Mu, “The fabrication of subwavelength anti-reflective nanostructures using a bio-template,” Nanotechnology 19(9), 095605 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi and J. Jung, “Scaling for gap plasmon based waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2676–2684 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

S. M. Teeters-Kennedy, K. R. Rodriguez, T. M. Rogers, K. A. Zomchek, S. M. Williams, A. Sudnitsyn, L. Carter, V. Cherezov, M. Caffrey, and J. V. Coe, “Controlling the passage of light through metal microchannels by nanocoatings of phospholipids,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(43), 21719–21727 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. Xie, Z. Liu, and H. Shao, “Cicada wings: a stamp from nature for nanoimprint lithography,” Small 2(12), 1440–1443 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. R. Stoddart, P. J. Cadusch, T. M. Boyce, R. M. Erasmus, and J. D. Comins, “Optical properties of chitin: surface-enhanced raman scattering substrates based on antireflection structures on cicada wings,” Nanotechnology 17(3), 680–686 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Theocharous, R. Deshpande, A. C. Dillon, and J. Lehman, “Evaluation of a pyroelectric detector with a carbon multiwalled nanotube black coating in the infrared,” Appl. Opt. 45(6), 1093–1097 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Abdelaziz, R.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alarousu, E.

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref]

Austin, M. W.

G. Kostovski, D. J. White, A. Mitchel, M. W. Austin, and P. R. Stoddart, “Nanoimprinted optical fibres: Biotemplated nanostructures for sers sensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1531–1535 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barbara, A.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beermann, J.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

Behjat, A.

H. Nourolahi, M. A. Bolorizadeh, and A. Behjat, “Light absorption with branched gold cauliflower-like nanostructure arrays,” Vacuum 123, 29–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

Berglund, L. A.

A. Walther, I. Bjurhager, J. M. Malho, J. Pere, J. Ruokolainen, L. A. Berglund, and O. Ikkala, “Large-area, lightweight and thick biomimetic composites with superior material properties via fast, economic, and green pathways,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2742–2748 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bethune, D. S.

Bjurhager, I.

A. Walther, I. Bjurhager, J. M. Malho, J. Pere, J. Ruokolainen, L. A. Berglund, and O. Ikkala, “Large-area, lightweight and thick biomimetic composites with superior material properties via fast, economic, and green pathways,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2742–2748 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bolorizadeh, M. A.

H. Nourolahi, M. A. Bolorizadeh, and A. Behjat, “Light absorption with branched gold cauliflower-like nanostructure arrays,” Vacuum 123, 29–34 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boyce, T. M.

P. R. Stoddart, P. J. Cadusch, T. M. Boyce, R. M. Erasmus, and J. D. Comins, “Optical properties of chitin: surface-enhanced raman scattering substrates based on antireflection structures on cicada wings,” Nanotechnology 17(3), 680–686 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Y. F. Huang, Y. J. Jen, L. C. Chen, K. H. Chen, and S. Chattopadhyay, “Design for approaching cicada-wing reflectance in low- and high-index biomimetic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 9(1), 301–311 (2015).
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Ebbesen, T. W.

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
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T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
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K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
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J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
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J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
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J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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Y. F. Huang, Y. J. Jen, L. C. Chen, K. H. Chen, and S. Chattopadhyay, “Design for approaching cicada-wing reflectance in low- and high-index biomimetic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 9(1), 301–311 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
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K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” PNAS 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
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M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
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G. Kostovski, U. Chinnasamy, S. Jayawardhana, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “Sub-15nm optical fiber nanoimprint lithography: A parallel, self-aligned and portable approach,” Adv. Mater. 23(4), 531–535 (2011).
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Y. F. Huang, Y. J. Jen, L. C. Chen, K. H. Chen, and S. Chattopadhyay, “Design for approaching cicada-wing reflectance in low- and high-index biomimetic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 9(1), 301–311 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
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P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
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Kajikawa, K.

Y. Ebihara, Y. Sugimachi, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterial: dark ultrathin gold film fabricated on taro leaf,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1429–1435 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
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V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78(20), 205405 (2008).
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Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
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Liang, A.

G. S. Watsona, D. W. Greenb, M. Sun, A. Liang, L. Xinb, B. W. Cribbd, and J. A. Watson, “The insect (cicada) wing membrane micro/nano structure nature’s templates for control of optics, wetting, adhesion, contamination, bacteria and eukaryotic cells,” J. Nanosci. Adv. Tech. 1(2), 6–16 (2015).
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J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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Liu, L.

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
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Liu, L. M.

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
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Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
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Liu, Z.

G. Xie, G. Zhang, F. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Liu, and S. Mu, “The fabrication of subwavelength anti-reflective nanostructures using a bio-template,” Nanotechnology 19(9), 095605 (2008).
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G. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. Xie, Z. Liu, and H. Shao, “Cicada wings: a stamp from nature for nanoimprint lithography,” Small 2(12), 1440–1443 (2006).
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Lo, H. C.

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
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Loget, G.

M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Rios, T.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
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Lv, M. Y.

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
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Ma, Y.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2013).
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Malho, J. M.

A. Walther, I. Bjurhager, J. M. Malho, J. Pere, J. Ruokolainen, L. A. Berglund, and O. Ikkala, “Large-area, lightweight and thick biomimetic composites with superior material properties via fast, economic, and green pathways,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2742–2748 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maniura-Weber, K.

S. Wu, F. Zuber, J. Brugger, K. Maniura-Weber, and Q. Ren, “Antibacterial au nanostructured surfaces,” Nanoscale 8(5), 2620–2625 (2016).
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Masala, S.

J. Huang, C. Liu, Y. Zhu, S. Masala, E. Alarousu, Y. Han, and A. Fratalocchi, “Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 60–66 (2016).
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Ming, Y.

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
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Mitchel, A.

G. Kostovski, D. J. White, A. Mitchel, M. W. Austin, and P. R. Stoddart, “Nanoimprinted optical fibres: Biotemplated nanostructures for sers sensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1531–1535 (2009).
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Mitchell, A.

D. Zhang, G. Kostovski, C. Karnutsch, and A. Mitchell, “Random lasing from dye doped polymer within biological source scatters: The pomponia imperatorial cicada wing random nanostructures,” Org. Electron. 13(11), 2342–2345 (2012).
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G. Kostovski, U. Chinnasamy, S. Jayawardhana, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “Sub-15nm optical fiber nanoimprint lithography: A parallel, self-aligned and portable approach,” Adv. Mater. 23(4), 531–535 (2011).
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Mizuno, K.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” PNAS 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
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Mozooni, B.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
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Mu, S.

G. Xie, G. Zhang, F. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Liu, and S. Mu, “The fabrication of subwavelength anti-reflective nanostructures using a bio-template,” Nanotechnology 19(9), 095605 (2008).
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Neubeck, A.

V. G. Kravets, A. Neubeck, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Strong absorption of ligh by metal nanoparticles embedded in a dielectric matrix,” Phys. Rev. B 81(16), 165401 (2010).
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Noriki, T.

Y. Ebihara, Y. Sugimachi, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterial: dark ultrathin gold film fabricated on taro leaf,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1429–1435 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
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Nourolahi, H.

H. Nourolahi, M. A. Bolorizadeh, and A. Behjat, “Light absorption with branched gold cauliflower-like nanostructure arrays,” Vacuum 123, 29–34 (2016).
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Novikov, S. M.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
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Ota, R.

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pan, C. L.

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
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Pedersen, K.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, C. Y.

Y. F. Huang, S. Chattopadhyay, Y. J. Jen, C. Y. Peng, T. A. Liu, Y. K. Hsu, C. L. Pan, H. C. Lo, C. H. Hsu, Y. H. Chang, C. S. Lee, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, “Improved broadband and quasiomnidirectional anti-reflection properties with biomimetic silicon nanostructures,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(12), 770–774 (2007).
[Crossref]

Perchec, J. L.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pere, J.

A. Walther, I. Bjurhager, J. M. Malho, J. Pere, J. Ruokolainen, L. A. Berglund, and O. Ikkala, “Large-area, lightweight and thick biomimetic composites with superior material properties via fast, economic, and green pathways,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2742–2748 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qi, L.

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qian, S.

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qiang, W.

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
[Crossref]

Quemerais, P.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ren, Q.

S. Wu, F. Zuber, J. Brugger, K. Maniura-Weber, and Q. Ren, “Antibacterial au nanostructured surfaces,” Nanoscale 8(5), 2620–2625 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, K. R.

S. M. Teeters-Kennedy, K. R. Rodriguez, T. M. Rogers, K. A. Zomchek, S. M. Williams, A. Sudnitsyn, L. Carter, V. Cherezov, M. Caffrey, and J. V. Coe, “Controlling the passage of light through metal microchannels by nanocoatings of phospholipids,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(43), 21719–21727 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rogers, T. M.

S. M. Teeters-Kennedy, K. R. Rodriguez, T. M. Rogers, K. A. Zomchek, S. M. Williams, A. Sudnitsyn, L. Carter, V. Cherezov, M. Caffrey, and J. V. Coe, “Controlling the passage of light through metal microchannels by nanocoatings of phospholipids,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(43), 21719–21727 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ruokolainen, J.

A. Walther, I. Bjurhager, J. M. Malho, J. Pere, J. Ruokolainen, L. A. Berglund, and O. Ikkala, “Large-area, lightweight and thick biomimetic composites with superior material properties via fast, economic, and green pathways,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2742–2748 (2010).
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Sarrazin, M.

L. Dellieu, M. Sarrazin, P. Simonis, O. Deparis, and J. P. Vigneron, “A two-in-one superhydrophobic and anti-reflective nanodevice in the grey cicada cicada orni (hemiptera),” J. Appl. Phys. 116(2), 024701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schedin, F.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shao, H.

G. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. Xie, Z. Liu, and H. Shao, “Cicada wings: a stamp from nature for nanoimprint lithography,” Small 2(12), 1440–1443 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shimojo, M.

Y. Ebihara, Y. Sugimachi, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterial: dark ultrathin gold film fabricated on taro leaf,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(5), 1429–1435 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
[Crossref]

Simonis, P.

L. Dellieu, M. Sarrazin, P. Simonis, O. Deparis, and J. P. Vigneron, “A two-in-one superhydrophobic and anti-reflective nanodevice in the grey cicada cicada orni (hemiptera),” J. Appl. Phys. 116(2), 024701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sondergaard, T.

T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Sondergaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Beermann, S. M. Novikov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Resonant plasmon nanofocusing by closed tapered gaps,” Nano Lett. 10(1), 291–295 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stoddart, P. R.

G. Kostovski, U. Chinnasamy, S. Jayawardhana, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “Sub-15nm optical fiber nanoimprint lithography: A parallel, self-aligned and portable approach,” Adv. Mater. 23(4), 531–535 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Kostovski, D. J. White, A. Mitchel, M. W. Austin, and P. R. Stoddart, “Nanoimprinted optical fibres: Biotemplated nanostructures for sers sensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1531–1535 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. R. Stoddart, P. J. Cadusch, T. M. Boyce, R. M. Erasmus, and J. D. Comins, “Optical properties of chitin: surface-enhanced raman scattering substrates based on antireflection structures on cicada wings,” Nanotechnology 17(3), 680–686 (2006).
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Strunkus, T.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sudnitsyn, A.

S. M. Teeters-Kennedy, K. R. Rodriguez, T. M. Rogers, K. A. Zomchek, S. M. Williams, A. Sudnitsyn, L. Carter, V. Cherezov, M. Caffrey, and J. V. Coe, “Controlling the passage of light through metal microchannels by nanocoatings of phospholipids,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(43), 21719–21727 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sugimachi, Y.

Sun, M.

G. S. Watsona, D. W. Greenb, M. Sun, A. Liang, L. Xinb, B. W. Cribbd, and J. A. Watson, “The insect (cicada) wing membrane micro/nano structure nature’s templates for control of optics, wetting, adhesion, contamination, bacteria and eukaryotic cells,” J. Nanosci. Adv. Tech. 1(2), 6–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sun, A. Liang, Y. Zheng, G. S. Watson, and J. A. Watson, “A study of the anti-reflection efficiency of natural nano-arrays of varying sizes,” Bioinspiration Biomimetics 6(2), 026003 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Sun, G. S. Watson, Y. Zheng, J. A. Watson, and A. Liang, “Wetting properties on nanostructured surfaces of cicada wings,” J. Exp. Biol. 212(19), 3148–3155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, X. M.

L. Guo, C. X. Zhang, L. Deng, G. X. Zhang, H. J. Xu, and X. M. Sun, “Cicada wing decorated by silver nanoparticles as low-cost and active/sensitive substrates for surface-enhanced raman scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(21), 213101 (2014).
[Crossref]

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I. Tanahashi and Y. Harada, “Silver nanoparticles deposited on tio2-coated cicada and butterfly wings as naturally inspired sers substrates,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(22), 5721–5726 (2015).
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I. Tanahashi and Y. Harada, “Naturally inspired sers substrates fabricated by photocatalytically depositing silver nanoparticles on cicada wings,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 9(1), 298 (2014).
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Tavassolizadeh, A.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref]

Teeters-Kennedy, S. M.

S. M. Teeters-Kennedy, K. R. Rodriguez, T. M. Rogers, K. A. Zomchek, S. M. Williams, A. Sudnitsyn, L. Carter, V. Cherezov, M. Caffrey, and J. V. Coe, “Controlling the passage of light through metal microchannels by nanocoatings of phospholipids,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(43), 21719–21727 (2006).
[Crossref]

Teng, H. Y.

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

Theocharous, E.

Toma, M.

M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vigneron, J. P.

L. Dellieu, M. Sarrazin, P. Simonis, O. Deparis, and J. P. Vigneron, “A two-in-one superhydrophobic and anti-reflective nanodevice in the grey cicada cicada orni (hemiptera),” J. Appl. Phys. 116(2), 024701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Walther, A.

A. Walther, I. Bjurhager, J. M. Malho, J. Pere, J. Ruokolainen, L. A. Berglund, and O. Ikkala, “Large-area, lightweight and thick biomimetic composites with superior material properties via fast, economic, and green pathways,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2742–2748 (2010).
[Crossref]

Watson, G. S.

M. Sun, A. Liang, Y. Zheng, G. S. Watson, and J. A. Watson, “A study of the anti-reflection efficiency of natural nano-arrays of varying sizes,” Bioinspiration Biomimetics 6(2), 026003 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Sun, G. S. Watson, Y. Zheng, J. A. Watson, and A. Liang, “Wetting properties on nanostructured surfaces of cicada wings,” J. Exp. Biol. 212(19), 3148–3155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watson, J. A.

G. S. Watsona, D. W. Greenb, M. Sun, A. Liang, L. Xinb, B. W. Cribbd, and J. A. Watson, “The insect (cicada) wing membrane micro/nano structure nature’s templates for control of optics, wetting, adhesion, contamination, bacteria and eukaryotic cells,” J. Nanosci. Adv. Tech. 1(2), 6–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sun, A. Liang, Y. Zheng, G. S. Watson, and J. A. Watson, “A study of the anti-reflection efficiency of natural nano-arrays of varying sizes,” Bioinspiration Biomimetics 6(2), 026003 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Sun, G. S. Watson, Y. Zheng, J. A. Watson, and A. Liang, “Wetting properties on nanostructured surfaces of cicada wings,” J. Exp. Biol. 212(19), 3148–3155 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watsona, G. S.

G. S. Watsona, D. W. Greenb, M. Sun, A. Liang, L. Xinb, B. W. Cribbd, and J. A. Watson, “The insect (cicada) wing membrane micro/nano structure nature’s templates for control of optics, wetting, adhesion, contamination, bacteria and eukaryotic cells,” J. Nanosci. Adv. Tech. 1(2), 6–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, B.

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wenqiang, L.

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
[Crossref]

White, D. J.

G. Kostovski, D. J. White, A. Mitchel, M. W. Austin, and P. R. Stoddart, “Nanoimprinted optical fibres: Biotemplated nanostructures for sers sensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1531–1535 (2009).
[Crossref]

Williams, S. M.

S. M. Teeters-Kennedy, K. R. Rodriguez, T. M. Rogers, K. A. Zomchek, S. M. Williams, A. Sudnitsyn, L. Carter, V. Cherezov, M. Caffrey, and J. V. Coe, “Controlling the passage of light through metal microchannels by nanocoatings of phospholipids,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(43), 21719–21727 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.

S. Wu, F. Zuber, J. Brugger, K. Maniura-Weber, and Q. Ren, “Antibacterial au nanostructured surfaces,” Nanoscale 8(5), 2620–2625 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z.

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wudeng, W.

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

G. Xie, G. Zhang, F. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Liu, and S. Mu, “The fabrication of subwavelength anti-reflective nanostructures using a bio-template,” Nanotechnology 19(9), 095605 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. Xie, Z. Liu, and H. Shao, “Cicada wings: a stamp from nature for nanoimprint lithography,” Small 2(12), 1440–1443 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xinb, L.

G. S. Watsona, D. W. Greenb, M. Sun, A. Liang, L. Xinb, B. W. Cribbd, and J. A. Watson, “The insect (cicada) wing membrane micro/nano structure nature’s templates for control of optics, wetting, adhesion, contamination, bacteria and eukaryotic cells,” J. Nanosci. Adv. Tech. 1(2), 6–16 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. J.

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, C. X. Zhang, L. Deng, G. X. Zhang, H. J. Xu, and X. M. Sun, “Cicada wing decorated by silver nanoparticles as low-cost and active/sensitive substrates for surface-enhanced raman scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(21), 213101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xuanyi, Y.

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yasuda, S.

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” PNAS 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yudong, L.

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
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Yumura, M.

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D. Zhang, G. Kostovski, C. Karnutsch, and A. Mitchell, “Random lasing from dye doped polymer within biological source scatters: The pomponia imperatorial cicada wing random nanostructures,” Org. Electron. 13(11), 2342–2345 (2012).
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L. Guo, C. X. Zhang, L. Deng, G. X. Zhang, H. J. Xu, and X. M. Sun, “Cicada wing decorated by silver nanoparticles as low-cost and active/sensitive substrates for surface-enhanced raman scattering,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(21), 213101 (2014).
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T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2013).
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M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
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M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
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S. Wu, F. Zuber, J. Brugger, K. Maniura-Weber, and Q. Ren, “Antibacterial au nanostructured surfaces,” Nanoscale 8(5), 2620–2625 (2016).
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ACS Nano (1)

Y. F. Huang, Y. J. Jen, L. C. Chen, K. H. Chen, and S. Chattopadhyay, “Design for approaching cicada-wing reflectance in low- and high-index biomimetic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 9(1), 301–311 (2015).
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Adv. Mater. (2)

G. Kostovski, U. Chinnasamy, S. Jayawardhana, P. R. Stoddart, and A. Mitchell, “Sub-15nm optical fiber nanoimprint lithography: A parallel, self-aligned and portable approach,” Adv. Mater. 23(4), 531–535 (2011).
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M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Bioinspiration Biomimetics (1)

M. Sun, A. Liang, Y. Zheng, G. S. Watson, and J. A. Watson, “A study of the anti-reflection efficiency of natural nano-arrays of varying sizes,” Bioinspiration Biomimetics 6(2), 026003 (2011).
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Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

G. Kostovski, D. J. White, A. Mitchel, M. W. Austin, and P. R. Stoddart, “Nanoimprinted optical fibres: Biotemplated nanostructures for sers sensing,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(5), 1531–1535 (2009).
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J. Exp. Biol. (1)

M. Sun, G. S. Watson, Y. Zheng, J. A. Watson, and A. Liang, “Wetting properties on nanostructured surfaces of cicada wings,” J. Exp. Biol. 212(19), 3148–3155 (2009).
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J. Mater. Chem. B (1)

T. Zhang, Y. Ma, and L. Qi, “Bioinspired colloidal materials with special optical, mechanical, and cell-mimetic functions,” J. Mater. Chem. B 1(3), 251–264 (2013).
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J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

I. Tanahashi and Y. Harada, “Silver nanoparticles deposited on tio2-coated cicada and butterfly wings as naturally inspired sers substrates,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(22), 5721–5726 (2015).
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G. S. Watsona, D. W. Greenb, M. Sun, A. Liang, L. Xinb, B. W. Cribbd, and J. A. Watson, “The insect (cicada) wing membrane micro/nano structure nature’s templates for control of optics, wetting, adhesion, contamination, bacteria and eukaryotic cells,” J. Nanosci. Adv. Tech. 1(2), 6–16 (2015).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

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M. Toma, G. Loget, and R. M. Corn, “Fabrication of broadband antireflective plasmonic gold nanocone arrays on flexible polymer films,” Nano Lett. 13(12), 6164–6169 (2013).
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Nanoscale (1)

S. Wu, F. Zuber, J. Brugger, K. Maniura-Weber, and Q. Ren, “Antibacterial au nanostructured surfaces,” Nanoscale 8(5), 2620–2625 (2016).
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Nanoscale Res. Lett. (2)

Q. Jiwei, L. Yudong, Y. Ming, W. Qiang, C. Zongqiang, W. Wudeng, L. Wenqiang, Y. Xuanyi, X. Jingjun, and S. Qian, “Large-area high-performance sers substrates with deep controllable sub-10-nm gap structure fabricated by depositing au film on the cicada wing,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8(1), 437 (2013).
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I. Tanahashi and Y. Harada, “Naturally inspired sers substrates fabricated by photocatalytically depositing silver nanoparticles on cicada wings,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 9(1), 298 (2014).
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Nanotechnology (2)

P. R. Stoddart, P. J. Cadusch, T. M. Boyce, R. M. Erasmus, and J. D. Comins, “Optical properties of chitin: surface-enhanced raman scattering substrates based on antireflection structures on cicada wings,” Nanotechnology 17(3), 680–686 (2006).
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Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Org. Electron. (1)

D. Zhang, G. Kostovski, C. Karnutsch, and A. Mitchell, “Random lasing from dye doped polymer within biological source scatters: The pomponia imperatorial cicada wing random nanostructures,” Org. Electron. 13(11), 2342–2345 (2012).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 066408 (2008).
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PNAS (1)

K. Mizuno, J. Ishii, H. Kishida, Y. Hayamizu, S. Yasuda, D. N. Futaba, M. Yumura, and K. Hata, “A black body absorber from vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes,” PNAS 106(15), 6044–6047 (2009).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Ebihara, R. Ota, T. Noriki, M. Shimojo, and K. Kajikawa, “Biometamaterials: Black ultrathin gold film fabricated on lotus leaf,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15992 (2015).
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Sens. Actuators, B (1)

M. Y. Lv, H. Y. Teng, Z. Y. Chen, Y. M. Zhao, X. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Wu, L. M. Liu, and H. J. Xu, “Low-cost au nanoparticle-decorated cicada wing as sensitive and recyclable substrates for surface enhanced raman scattering,” Sens. Actuators, B 209, 820–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

G. Zhang, J. Zhang, G. Xie, Z. Liu, and H. Shao, “Cicada wings: a stamp from nature for nanoimprint lithography,” Small 2(12), 1440–1443 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

A. Cao, X. Zhang, C. Xu, B. Wei, and D. Wu, “Tandem structure of aligned carbon nanotubes on au and its solar thermal absorption,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 70(4), 481–486 (2002).
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H. Nourolahi, M. A. Bolorizadeh, and A. Behjat, “Light absorption with branched gold cauliflower-like nanostructure arrays,” Vacuum 123, 29–34 (2016).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. SEM images of cicada wings coated with gold of thickness of 30 nm: (a) brown cicada, (b) robust cicada, and (c) black cicada. Photographic images of the corresponding cicadas are also shown in the inset. Higher magnification SEM images of cicada wings: (d) brown cicada, (e) robust cicada, and (f) black cicada. (g) SEM image of a brown cicada wing where the pillars are fallen out. SEM images of (h) robust cicada wing and (i) black cicada wing, acquired with the substrate tilted by 30$^{\circ }$. Fourier-transformed profiles of the high magnification SEM images of (j) brown cicada and (k) robust cicada.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Photographic images of the 30-nm-thick gold-coated cicada wings: (a) brown, (b) robust, and (c) black cicadas. Measured spectra of (d) absorption, (e) transmission, and (f) $S/S_0$ of the gold-coated cicada wings of brown (blue line), robust (red line), and black (black line) cicadas.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Measured reflectivity $R$ and transmittance $T$ of the robust cicada wing as a function of the thickness of the gold coating at a wavelength of 600 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Models for the FDTD calculation: (a) for a 30-nm-thick gold-coated flat substrate, (b) for the wing of the robust or black cicada, and (c) for the wing of brown cicada. Calculated reflectivity (d), transmittance (e), and absorptance (f) for each model.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Calculated spectra of (a) reflection, (b) transmission, and (c) absorptance for cicada wings coated with different metals, gold, silver, copper, and platinum.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Measured spectra of (a) reflection $R$, (b) transmission $T$, and $S/S_0$ for the robust cicada wing coated with sputtered platinum–palladium alloy. The inset shows a photographic image.