Abstract

Orbital angular momentum (OAM) generated by metamaterials has interesting properties in many applications. But in near infrared communication wave bands, broadband OAM generators have rarely been investigated. Here, we report an approach to design a high efficiency, broadband all dielectric transmission metasurface working in a telecom wave band from 1300 nm to 1700 nm. Simulated OAM generators with a topological charge of m = 1 and m = 20 present good mode purity up to 99.99% and high energy efficiency up to 97.38%. The proposed broadband all-dielectric OAM generator is meaningful to reduce dispersion-induced strong distortions and exploit new applications such as broadband object detection and multiplexed communication.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

Heng Zhou, Jiaqi Yang, Chunqing Gao, and Shiyao Fu, "High-efficiency, broadband all-dielectric transmission metasurface for optical vortex generation: erratum," Opt. Mater. Express 9, 2806-2806 (2019)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ome/abstract.cfm?uri=ome-9-7-2806

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (6)

2017 (7)

H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, D. Wintz, S. L. Oscurato, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, J. Oh, P. Maddalena, and F. Capasso, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in dielectric metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 25(1), 377–393 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Gao, W. Ding, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, X. Ding, M. Rahman, T. Zhang, C. Teck Lim, and C. Qiu, “Optical manipulation from the microscale to the nanoscale: fundamentals, advances and prospects,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17039 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhai, and C. Gao, “Non-diffractive Bessel-Gauss beams for the detection of rotating object free of obstructions,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20098–20108 (2017).
[Crossref]

R.C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N.A. Rubin, J.P.B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358(6365), 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

S. Yu, L. Li, G. Shi, C. Zhu, X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Fu and C. Gao, “Influences of atmospheric turbulence effects on the orbital angular momentum spectra of vortex beams,” Photonics Res. 4(5), B1–B4 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Ren, Z. Wang, P. Liao, L. Li, G. Xie, H. Huang, Z. Zhao, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, A. Willner, M. P. J. Lavery, N. Ashrafi, S. Ashrafi, R. Bock, M. Tur, I. B. Djordjevic, M. A. Neifeld, and A. E. Willner, “Experimental characterization of a 400 Gbit/s orbital angular momentum multiplexed free-space optical link over 120 m,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 622–625 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible-Frequency Metasurface for Structuring and Spatially Multiplexing Optical Vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Ren, X. Li, Q. Zhang, and M. Gu, “On-chip noninterference angular momentum multiplexing of broadband light,” Science 352(6287), 805–809 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Cvijetic, G. Milione, E. Ip, and T. Wang, “Detecting lateral motion using light’s orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15422 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Liu, Y. Cheng, Z. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Qin, and X. Li, “Orbital-angular-momentum-based electromagnetic vortex imaging,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 711–714 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (4)

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. P. J. Lavery, F. C. Speirits, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Detection of a Spinning Object Using Light’s Orbital Angular Momentum,” Science 341(6145), 537–540 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar Photonics with Metasurfaces,” Science 339(6125), 1232009 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Uribe-Patarroyo, A. Fraine, D. S. Simon, O. Minaeva, and A. V. Sergienko, “Object identification using correlated orbital angular momentum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043601 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light Propagation with Phase Discontinuities: Generalized Laws of Reflection and Refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. J. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. D. Liu, C. Gao, M. Gao, and F. Li, “Coherent-mode representation and orbital angular momentum spectrum of partially coherent beam,” Opt. Commun. 281(8), 1968–1975 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental Observation of Left-Handed Behavior in an Array of Standard Dielectric Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 157403 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical Spin-to-Orbital Angular Momentum Conversion in Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

S. O’Brien and J.B. Pendry, “Photonic band-gap effects and magnetic activity in dielectric composites,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14(15), 4035–4044 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Arlt and K. Dholakia, “Generation of high-order Bessel beams by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 177(1-6), 297–301 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and transformation of Laguerre Gaussian Laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, N.

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light Propagation with Phase Discontinuities: Generalized Laws of Reflection and Refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

N. B. Simpson, K. Dholakia, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Mechanical equivalence of spin and orbital angular momentum of light: an optical spanner,” Opt. Lett. 22(1), 52–54 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and transformation of Laguerre Gaussian Laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ambrosio, A.

R.C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N.A. Rubin, J.P.B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358(6365), 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, D. Wintz, S. L. Oscurato, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, J. Oh, P. Maddalena, and F. Capasso, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in dielectric metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 25(1), 377–393 (2017).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt and K. Dholakia, “Generation of high-order Bessel beams by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 177(1-6), 297–301 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ashrafi, N.

Ashrafi, S.

Ba, Z.

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(11), 937–943 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barnett, S. M.

M. P. J. Lavery, F. C. Speirits, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Detection of a Spinning Object Using Light’s Orbital Angular Momentum,” Science 341(6145), 537–540 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and transformation of Laguerre Gaussian Laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bi, F.

Birnbaum, K. M.

Bock, R.

Boltasseva, A.

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar Photonics with Metasurfaces,” Science 339(6125), 1232009 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bowman, R.

M. J. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 343–348 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cai, X.

H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

C. Zhang, G. Song, H. Ma, J. Yang, W. Cao, X. Xie, P. Chen, Q. Cheng, L. Wu, and T. Cui, “A Metamaterial Route to Realize Acoustic Insulation and Anisotropic Electromagnetic Manipulation Simultaneously,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 3(8), 1800161 (2018).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, D. Wintz, S. L. Oscurato, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, J. Oh, P. Maddalena, and F. Capasso, “Spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in dielectric metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 25(1), 377–393 (2017).
[Crossref]

R.C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N.A. Rubin, J.P.B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358(6365), 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light Propagation with Phase Discontinuities: Generalized Laws of Reflection and Refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental Observation of Left-Handed Behavior in an Array of Standard Dielectric Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 157403 (2007).
[Crossref]

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C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, W. Yuan, L. Yang, J. Ke, M. Chen, A. Mahmoud, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Tailoring polarization states of multiple beams that carry different topological charges of orbital angular momentums,” Opt. Express 26(24), 31664–31674 (2018).
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C. Zhang, G. Song, H. Ma, J. Yang, W. Cao, X. Xie, P. Chen, Q. Cheng, L. Wu, and T. Cui, “A Metamaterial Route to Realize Acoustic Insulation and Anisotropic Electromagnetic Manipulation Simultaneously,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 3(8), 1800161 (2018).
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H. Ren, X. Li, Q. Zhang, and M. Gu, “On-chip noninterference angular momentum multiplexing of broadband light,” Science 352(6287), 805–809 (2016).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light Propagation with Phase Discontinuities: Generalized Laws of Reflection and Refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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H. Ren, X. Li, Q. Zhang, and M. Gu, “On-chip noninterference angular momentum multiplexing of broadband light,” Science 352(6287), 805–809 (2016).
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K. Liu, Y. Cheng, Z. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Qin, and X. Li, “Orbital-angular-momentum-based electromagnetic vortex imaging,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 711–714 (2015).
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C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
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Y. D. Liu, C. Gao, M. Gao, and F. Li, “Coherent-mode representation and orbital angular momentum spectrum of partially coherent beam,” Opt. Commun. 281(8), 1968–1975 (2008).
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C. Zhang, G. Song, H. Ma, J. Yang, W. Cao, X. Xie, P. Chen, Q. Cheng, L. Wu, and T. Cui, “A Metamaterial Route to Realize Acoustic Insulation and Anisotropic Electromagnetic Manipulation Simultaneously,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 3(8), 1800161 (2018).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, W. Yuan, L. Yang, J. Ke, M. Chen, A. Mahmoud, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Tailoring polarization states of multiple beams that carry different topological charges of orbital angular momentums,” Opt. Express 26(24), 31664–31674 (2018).
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M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
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N. Cvijetic, G. Milione, E. Ip, and T. Wang, “Detecting lateral motion using light’s orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15422 (2015).
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N. Uribe-Patarroyo, A. Fraine, D. S. Simon, O. Minaeva, and A. V. Sergienko, “Object identification using correlated orbital angular momentum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043601 (2013).
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R.C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N.A. Rubin, J.P.B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358(6365), 896–901 (2017).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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D. Gao, W. Ding, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, X. Ding, M. Rahman, T. Zhang, C. Teck Lim, and C. Qiu, “Optical manipulation from the microscale to the nanoscale: fundamentals, advances and prospects,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17039 (2017).
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H. Ren, X. Li, Q. Zhang, and M. Gu, “On-chip noninterference angular momentum multiplexing of broadband light,” Science 352(6287), 805–809 (2016).
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M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
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S. Yu, L. Li, G. Shi, C. Zhu, X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
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M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible-Frequency Metasurface for Structuring and Spatially Multiplexing Optical Vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
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M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible-Frequency Metasurface for Structuring and Spatially Multiplexing Optical Vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
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M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994).
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C. Zhang, G. Song, H. Ma, J. Yang, W. Cao, X. Xie, P. Chen, Q. Cheng, L. Wu, and T. Cui, “A Metamaterial Route to Realize Acoustic Insulation and Anisotropic Electromagnetic Manipulation Simultaneously,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 3(8), 1800161 (2018).
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Xie, X.

C. Zhang, G. Song, H. Ma, J. Yang, W. Cao, X. Xie, P. Chen, Q. Cheng, L. Wu, and T. Cui, “A Metamaterial Route to Realize Acoustic Insulation and Anisotropic Electromagnetic Manipulation Simultaneously,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 3(8), 1800161 (2018).
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H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
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C. Zhang, G. Song, H. Ma, J. Yang, W. Cao, X. Xie, P. Chen, Q. Cheng, L. Wu, and T. Cui, “A Metamaterial Route to Realize Acoustic Insulation and Anisotropic Electromagnetic Manipulation Simultaneously,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 3(8), 1800161 (2018).
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C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, W. Yuan, L. Yang, J. Ke, M. Chen, A. Mahmoud, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Tailoring polarization states of multiple beams that carry different topological charges of orbital angular momentums,” Opt. Express 26(24), 31664–31674 (2018).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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K. Liu, Y. Cheng, Z. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Qin, and X. Li, “Orbital-angular-momentum-based electromagnetic vortex imaging,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 711–714 (2015).
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Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light Propagation with Phase Discontinuities: Generalized Laws of Reflection and Refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
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Yu, S.

S. Yu, L. Li, G. Shi, C. Zhu, X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
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Yuan, F.

H. Xu, H. Liu, X. Ling, Y. Sun, and F. Yuan, “Broadband vortex beam generation using multimode Pancharatnam–Berry metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(12), 7378–7382 (2017).
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Yuan, W.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, W. Yuan, L. Yang, J. Ke, M. Chen, A. Mahmoud, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Tailoring polarization states of multiple beams that carry different topological charges of orbital angular momentums,” Opt. Express 26(24), 31664–31674 (2018).
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C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
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Yue, Y.

Zentgraf, T.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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Zhai, Y.

Zhang, C.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, W. Yuan, L. Yang, J. Ke, M. Chen, A. Mahmoud, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Tailoring polarization states of multiple beams that carry different topological charges of orbital angular momentums,” Opt. Express 26(24), 31664–31674 (2018).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, G. Song, H. Ma, J. Yang, W. Cao, X. Xie, P. Chen, Q. Cheng, L. Wu, and T. Cui, “A Metamaterial Route to Realize Acoustic Insulation and Anisotropic Electromagnetic Manipulation Simultaneously,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 3(8), 1800161 (2018).
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C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
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L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. Grzegorczyk, “Experimental Observation of Left-Handed Behavior in an Array of Standard Dielectric Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 157403 (2007).
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M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible-Frequency Metasurface for Structuring and Spatially Multiplexing Optical Vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
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H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
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Zhang, Q.

H. Ren, X. Li, Q. Zhang, and M. Gu, “On-chip noninterference angular momentum multiplexing of broadband light,” Science 352(6287), 805–809 (2016).
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Zhang, S.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible-Frequency Metasurface for Structuring and Spatially Multiplexing Optical Vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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Zhang, T.

D. Gao, W. Ding, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, X. Ding, M. Rahman, T. Zhang, C. Teck Lim, and C. Qiu, “Optical manipulation from the microscale to the nanoscale: fundamentals, advances and prospects,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(9), e17039 (2017).
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M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible-Frequency Metasurface for Structuring and Spatially Multiplexing Optical Vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
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H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
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C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
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H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
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S. Yu, L. Li, G. Shi, C. Zhu, X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
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S. Yu, L. Li, G. Shi, C. Zhu, X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
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M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible-Frequency Metasurface for Structuring and Spatially Multiplexing Optical Vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
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J. Yang, C. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Zhao, J. Dai, W. Yuan, L. Yang, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “Generation of radio vortex beams with designable polarization using anisotropic frequency selective surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 112(20), 203501 (2018).
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S. Yu, L. Li, G. Shi, C. Zhu, X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
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K. Liu, Y. Cheng, Z. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Qin, and X. Li, “Orbital-angular-momentum-based electromagnetic vortex imaging,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 711–714 (2015).
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C. Zhang, J. Yang, W. Yuan, J. Zhao, J. Dai, T. Guo, J. Liang, G. Xu, Q. Cheng, and T. Cui, “An ultralight and thin metasurface for radar-infrared bi-stealth applications,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(44), 444002 (2017).
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H. Zhou, D. Fu, J. Dong, P. Zhang, D. Chen, X. Cai, F. Li, and X. Zhang, “Orbital angular momentum complex spectrum analyzer for vortex light based on the rotational Doppler effect,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(4), e16251 (2017).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric Meta-Reflectarray for Broadband Linear Polarization Conversion and Optical Vortex Generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren, X. Li, F. Qin, J. Yang, M. Gu, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum,” Sci. Adv. 1(9), e1500396 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

N. Cvijetic, G. Milione, E. Ip, and T. Wang, “Detecting lateral motion using light’s orbital angular momentum,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15422 (2015).
[Crossref]

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H. Ren, X. Li, Q. Zhang, and M. Gu, “On-chip noninterference angular momentum multiplexing of broadband light,” Science 352(6287), 805–809 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light Propagation with Phase Discontinuities: Generalized Laws of Reflection and Refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. P. J. Lavery, F. C. Speirits, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, “Detection of a Spinning Object Using Light’s Orbital Angular Momentum,” Science 341(6145), 537–540 (2013).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) The schematic of the high-efficient all-dielectric metasurface. (b) Geometric parameter definition for a basic unit of the metasurface.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The (a) transmittance coefficients, (b) polarization conversion rate, (c) total transmission and (d) phase difference of the optimized resonator in the operation waveband from 1300 nm to 1700nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. In a broadband wavelength from 1300 nm to 1700nm, simulated transmission beam (a) geography phase delay and (b) transmittance for Si resonator with varying rotation angle θ.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Electric field distribution, phase distribution and mode purity of the OAM beam with topological charge m = 1 at three representative wavelengths, (a)-(c) 1310 nm, (d)-(f) 1550 nm, (g)-(i) 1645 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Electric field distribution, phase distribution and mode purity of the OAM beam with topological charge m = 20 at three representative wavelengths, (a)-(c) 1310 nm, (d)-(f) 1550 nm, (g)-(i) 1645 nm.

Tables (2)

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Table 1. The transmittances of the three representative wavelengths with the topological charge m = 1.

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Table 2. The transmittances of the three representative wavelengths with the topological charge m = 20.

Equations (12)

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T = [ T x x T x y T y x T y y ]
[ E x o u t E y o u t E x i n E y i n ] [ T x x T y x ] = [ E x i n E x o u t ]
{ T x y = T y x T y y = exp ( 2 i T y x ) T x x
| λ + = 2 2 [ 1 i ] | λ = 2 2 [ 1 i ]
| λ + e i m φ | λ   | λ e i ( m ) φ | λ +
T = 1 2 [ e i m φ + e i m φ i e i m φ + i e i m φ i e i m φ + i e i m φ e i m φ e i m φ ]
λ 1 = 1 = e 0 λ 2 = 1 = e π
| v 1 = [ cos ( 1 2 m φ ) sin ( 1 2 m φ ) ] | v 2 = [ sin ( 1 2 m φ ) cos ( 1 2 m φ ) ]
T = [ cos ( 1 2 m φ ) sin ( 1 2 m φ ) sin ( 1 2 m φ ) cos ( 1 2 m φ ) ] [ e i 0 0 0 e i ( π ) ] [ cos ( 1 2 m φ ) sin ( 1 2 m φ ) sin ( 1 2 m φ ) cos ( 1 2 m φ ) ] = R ( θ ) [ e i ϕ x 0 0 e i ϕ y ] R ( θ )
ϕ x = 0 ϕ y = π θ = 1 2 m φ
P C R = I y / ( I x + I y ) ,
MP = | E m | 2 | E i | 2

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