Abstract

In our work, a InSe-PVA film-type modulator was successfully prepared. Its nonlinear optical properties were investigated and its application for obtaining a large-energy mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser was also demonstrated. Stable mode-locked operation with a maximum pulse energy of 20.4 nJ at a pulse repetition rate of 586.3 kHz was generated. The maximum average output power was 11.96 mW under the pump power of 560 mW. Our findings suggest that InSe has competitive performance in acting as ultra-fast modulator in comparison with commonly used two-dimensional materials. In addition, our experiment demonstration will provide useful guidance for future investigations of large-energy mode-locked operations and the applications of InSe-based ultra-fast optical devices.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (2)

J. S. He, L. L. Tao, H. Zhang, B. Zhou, and J. B. Li, “Emerging 2D materials beyond graphene for ultrashort pulse generation in fiber lasers,” Nanoscale 11(6), 2577–2593 (2019).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, N. Ming, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Large-energy passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on CVD-Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 373–383 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (13)

B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020004 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, S. Li, Y. X. Fan, and P. F. Wang, “Versatile soliton emission from a WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 406, 66–71 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. R. Yang and X. M. Liu, “WS2-Clad Microfiber Saturable Absorber for High-Energy Rectangular Pulse Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–7 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, S. Y. Wang, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, and B. Y. Man, “Various large-energy soliton operations within an Er-doped fiber laser with bismuth selenide as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(30), 8811–8818 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, W. Q. Yang, X. L. Han, and B. Y. Man, “High-efficiency passively Q-switched neodymium-doped fiber laser operation at 1360.61 nm with bismuth selenide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 28(12), 125801 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, S. A. Reduan, S. I. Ooi, and M. A. Ismail, “Mechanically exfoliated In2Se3 as a saturable absorber for mode-locking a thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser operating in S-band,” Appl. Opt. 57(24), 6937–6942 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, M. Yasin, M. F. Ismail, and K. Thambiratnam, “In2Se3 saturable absorber for generating tunable Q-switched outputs from a bismuth-erbium doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(11), 115105 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, Z. K. Jiang, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, J. T. Lai, J. Z. Wang, T. C. He, and J. B. Yang, “α-In2Se3 wideband optical modulator for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 43(18), 4417–4420 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, W. Q. Yang, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear saturable absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating a Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(10), 3092–3103 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (7)

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29(40), 1702496 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Y. F. Zhao, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on SnS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. H. Wei, S. H. Fan, Q. G. Chen, and X. M. Lai, “Passively mode-locked Yb fiber laser with PbSe colloidal quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25(21), 24901–24906 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. N. Zhang, B. W. Li, and J. Liu, “Gold nanobipyramids as a saturable absorber for passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser operation at 1.06 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(2), 025104 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, Z. H. Xu, J. R. Li, Z. K. Jiang, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, I. L. Li, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-Area Tungsten Disulfide for Ultrafast Photonics,” Nanoscale 9(5), 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

M. Brotons-Gisbert, D. Andres-Penares, J. Suh, F. Hidalgo, R. Abargues, P. J. Rodríguez-Cantó, A. Segura, A. Cros, G. Tobias, E. Canadell, P. Ordejón, J. Wu, J. P. Martínez-Pastor, and J. F. Sánchez-Royo, “Nanotexturing To Enhance Photoluminescent Response of Atomically Thin Indium Selenide with Highly Tunable Band Gap,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3221–3229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. M. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “A pulse-width-tunable, mode-locked fiber laser based on dissipative soliton resonance using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081309 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. N. Zhang and J. Liu, “Gold nanobipyramids as saturable absorbers for passively Q-switched laser generation in the 1.1 µm region,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1150–1152 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Chen, G. Q. Deng, S. C. Yan, C. Li, K. Xi, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Microfiber-coupler-assisted control of wavelength tuning for Q-switched fiber laser with few-layer molybdenum disulfide nanoplates,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3576–3579 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. P. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 µm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Kushwaha, A. Patra, E. Anjali, H. Surdi, A. Singh, C. Gurada, and A. Thamizhavel, “Physical, optical and nonlinear properties of InS single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 616–620 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

G. W. Mudd, S. A. Svatek, T. Ren, A. Patane, O. Makarovsky, L. Eaves, P. H. Beton, Z. D. Kovalyuk, G. V. Lashkarev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, and A. I. Dmitriev, “Tuning the bandgap of exfoliated InSe nanosheets by quantum confinement,” Adv. Mater. 25(40), 5714–5718 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Choi, D. K. Cho, Y. W. Song, K. Oh, K. Kim, F. Rotermund, and D. Yeom, “Graphene-filled hollow optical fiber saturable absorber for efficient soliton fiber laser modelocking,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5652–5657 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, and A. C. Ferrari, “A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene-mode-locked, ultrafast laser,” Nano Res. 3(9), 653–660 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. P. Bakhtinov, Z. D. Kovalyuk, O. N. Sydor, V. N. Katerinchuk, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Formation of nanostructure on the surface of layered InSe semiconductor caused by oxidation under heating,” Phys. Solid State 49(8), 1572–1578 (2007).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1173–1185 (2000).
[Crossref]

Abargues, R.

M. Brotons-Gisbert, D. Andres-Penares, J. Suh, F. Hidalgo, R. Abargues, P. J. Rodríguez-Cantó, A. Segura, A. Cros, G. Tobias, E. Canadell, P. Ordejón, J. Wu, J. P. Martínez-Pastor, and J. F. Sánchez-Royo, “Nanotexturing To Enhance Photoluminescent Response of Atomically Thin Indium Selenide with Highly Tunable Band Gap,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3221–3229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, M. Yasin, M. F. Ismail, and K. Thambiratnam, “In2Se3 saturable absorber for generating tunable Q-switched outputs from a bismuth-erbium doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(11), 115105 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, S. A. Reduan, S. I. Ooi, and M. A. Ismail, “Mechanically exfoliated In2Se3 as a saturable absorber for mode-locking a thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser operating in S-band,” Appl. Opt. 57(24), 6937–6942 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ajayan, P. M.

S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Anasori, B.

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29(40), 1702496 (2017).
[Crossref]

Andres-Penares, D.

M. Brotons-Gisbert, D. Andres-Penares, J. Suh, F. Hidalgo, R. Abargues, P. J. Rodríguez-Cantó, A. Segura, A. Cros, G. Tobias, E. Canadell, P. Ordejón, J. Wu, J. P. Martínez-Pastor, and J. F. Sánchez-Royo, “Nanotexturing To Enhance Photoluminescent Response of Atomically Thin Indium Selenide with Highly Tunable Band Gap,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3221–3229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Anjali, E.

P. Kushwaha, A. Patra, E. Anjali, H. Surdi, A. Singh, C. Gurada, and A. Thamizhavel, “Physical, optical and nonlinear properties of InS single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 616–620 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bakhtinov, A. P.

A. P. Bakhtinov, Z. D. Kovalyuk, O. N. Sydor, V. N. Katerinchuk, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Formation of nanostructure on the surface of layered InSe semiconductor caused by oxidation under heating,” Phys. Solid State 49(8), 1572–1578 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bandurin, D. A.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Bao, Q. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Beton, P. H.

G. W. Mudd, S. A. Svatek, T. Ren, A. Patane, O. Makarovsky, L. Eaves, P. H. Beton, Z. D. Kovalyuk, G. V. Lashkarev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, and A. I. Dmitriev, “Tuning the bandgap of exfoliated InSe nanosheets by quantum confinement,” Adv. Mater. 25(40), 5714–5718 (2013).
[Crossref]

Blau, W. J.

L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brotons-Gisbert, M.

M. Brotons-Gisbert, D. Andres-Penares, J. Suh, F. Hidalgo, R. Abargues, P. J. Rodríguez-Cantó, A. Segura, A. Cros, G. Tobias, E. Canadell, P. Ordejón, J. Wu, J. P. Martínez-Pastor, and J. F. Sánchez-Royo, “Nanotexturing To Enhance Photoluminescent Response of Atomically Thin Indium Selenide with Highly Tunable Band Gap,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3221–3229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z. P.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 µm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

Canadell, E.

M. Brotons-Gisbert, D. Andres-Penares, J. Suh, F. Hidalgo, R. Abargues, P. J. Rodríguez-Cantó, A. Segura, A. Cros, G. Tobias, E. Canadell, P. Ordejón, J. Wu, J. P. Martínez-Pastor, and J. F. Sánchez-Royo, “Nanotexturing To Enhance Photoluminescent Response of Atomically Thin Indium Selenide with Highly Tunable Band Gap,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3221–3229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cao, R.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, B. H.

Chen, H.

P. G. Yan, Z. K. Jiang, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, J. T. Lai, J. Z. Wang, T. C. He, and J. B. Yang, “α-In2Se3 wideband optical modulator for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 43(18), 4417–4420 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, Z. H. Xu, J. R. Li, Z. K. Jiang, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, I. L. Li, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-Area Tungsten Disulfide for Ultrafast Photonics,” Nanoscale 9(5), 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, J. H.

Chen, J. P.

Chen, Q. G.

Chen, Q. Y.

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, S. Y. Wang, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Y. F. Zhao, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on SnS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

Chhowalla, M.

S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cho, D. K.

Choi, S. Y.

Coleman, J. N.

L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cros, A.

M. Brotons-Gisbert, D. Andres-Penares, J. Suh, F. Hidalgo, R. Abargues, P. J. Rodríguez-Cantó, A. Segura, A. Cros, G. Tobias, E. Canadell, P. Ordejón, J. Wu, J. P. Martínez-Pastor, and J. F. Sánchez-Royo, “Nanotexturing To Enhance Photoluminescent Response of Atomically Thin Indium Selenide with Highly Tunable Band Gap,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3221–3229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Deng, G. Q.

Dmitriev, A. I.

G. W. Mudd, S. A. Svatek, T. Ren, A. Patane, O. Makarovsky, L. Eaves, P. H. Beton, Z. D. Kovalyuk, G. V. Lashkarev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, and A. I. Dmitriev, “Tuning the bandgap of exfoliated InSe nanosheets by quantum confinement,” Adv. Mater. 25(40), 5714–5718 (2013).
[Crossref]

Eaves, L.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. W. Mudd, S. A. Svatek, T. Ren, A. Patane, O. Makarovsky, L. Eaves, P. H. Beton, Z. D. Kovalyuk, G. V. Lashkarev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, and A. I. Dmitriev, “Tuning the bandgap of exfoliated InSe nanosheets by quantum confinement,” Adv. Mater. 25(40), 5714–5718 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fal’ko, V. I.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

Fan, D. Y.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fan, J. T.

L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fan, S. H.

Fan, Y. X.

B. Guo, S. Li, Y. X. Fan, and P. F. Wang, “Versatile soliton emission from a WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 406, 66–71 (2018).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, and A. C. Ferrari, “A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene-mode-locked, ultrafast laser,” Nano Res. 3(9), 653–660 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, X. J.

Ge, L. H.

S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y. Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
[Crossref]

Geim, A. K.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
[Crossref]

George, A.

S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gogotsi, Y.

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29(40), 1702496 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gorbachev, R. V.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
[Crossref]

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grigorieva, I. V.

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Lai, X. M.

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H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
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J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “A pulse-width-tunable, mode-locked fiber laser based on dissipative soliton resonance using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081309 (2016).
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Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29(40), 1702496 (2017).
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H. N. Zhang, B. W. Li, and J. Liu, “Gold nanobipyramids as a saturable absorber for passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser operation at 1.06 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(2), 025104 (2017).
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H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
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P. G. Yan, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, Z. H. Xu, J. R. Li, Z. K. Jiang, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, I. L. Li, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-Area Tungsten Disulfide for Ultrafast Photonics,” Nanoscale 9(5), 1871–1877 (2017).
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Liu, J.

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Lou, J.

S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
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Lu, S. B.

Lu, Y. Q.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, S. J.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
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Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 µm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
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Lytvyn, O. S.

A. P. Bakhtinov, Z. D. Kovalyuk, O. N. Sydor, V. N. Katerinchuk, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Formation of nanostructure on the surface of layered InSe semiconductor caused by oxidation under heating,” Phys. Solid State 49(8), 1572–1578 (2007).
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Lyu, Q.

Makarovsky, O.

G. W. Mudd, S. A. Svatek, T. Ren, A. Patane, O. Makarovsky, L. Eaves, P. H. Beton, Z. D. Kovalyuk, G. V. Lashkarev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, and A. I. Dmitriev, “Tuning the bandgap of exfoliated InSe nanosheets by quantum confinement,” Adv. Mater. 25(40), 5714–5718 (2013).
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Man, B. Y.

Martínez-Pastor, J. P.

M. Brotons-Gisbert, D. Andres-Penares, J. Suh, F. Hidalgo, R. Abargues, P. J. Rodríguez-Cantó, A. Segura, A. Cros, G. Tobias, E. Canadell, P. Ordejón, J. Wu, J. P. Martínez-Pastor, and J. F. Sánchez-Royo, “Nanotexturing To Enhance Photoluminescent Response of Atomically Thin Indium Selenide with Highly Tunable Band Gap,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3221–3229 (2016).
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Ming, N.

Mishchenko, A.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
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S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, P. G.

P. G. Yan, Z. K. Jiang, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, J. T. Lai, J. Z. Wang, T. C. He, and J. B. Yang, “α-In2Se3 wideband optical modulator for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 43(18), 4417–4420 (2018).
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P. G. Yan, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, Z. H. Xu, J. R. Li, Z. K. Jiang, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, I. L. Li, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-Area Tungsten Disulfide for Ultrafast Photonics,” Nanoscale 9(5), 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, S. C.

Yang, H. R.

H. R. Yang and X. M. Liu, “WS2-Clad Microfiber Saturable Absorber for High-Energy Rectangular Pulse Fiber Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1–7 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. B.

Yang, W. Q.

N. N. Xu, W. Q. Yang, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear saturable absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating a Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(10), 3092–3103 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, S. Y. Wang, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, W. Q. Yang, X. L. Han, and B. Y. Man, “High-efficiency passively Q-switched neodymium-doped fiber laser operation at 1360.61 nm with bismuth selenide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 28(12), 125801 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

Yasin, M.

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, M. Yasin, M. F. Ismail, and K. Thambiratnam, “In2Se3 saturable absorber for generating tunable Q-switched outputs from a bismuth-erbium doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(11), 115105 (2018).
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Yeom, D.

Yin, J. D.

P. G. Yan, Z. K. Jiang, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, J. T. Lai, J. Z. Wang, T. C. He, and J. B. Yang, “α-In2Se3 wideband optical modulator for pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 43(18), 4417–4420 (2018).
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P. G. Yan, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, Z. H. Xu, J. R. Li, Z. K. Jiang, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, I. L. Li, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-Area Tungsten Disulfide for Ultrafast Photonics,” Nanoscale 9(5), 1871–1877 (2017).
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D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
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Yu, X.

Yu, X. F.

Zeitler, U.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
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Zhang, H.

J. S. He, L. L. Tao, H. Zhang, B. Zhou, and J. B. Li, “Emerging 2D materials beyond graphene for ultrashort pulse generation in fiber lasers,” Nanoscale 11(6), 2577–2593 (2019).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
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Y. F. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. M. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
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Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
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H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
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C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
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H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
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Zhang, H. N.

N. N. Xu, N. Ming, X. L. Han, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Large-energy passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on CVD-Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 9(2), 373–383 (2019).
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N. N. Xu, W. Q. Yang, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear saturable absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating a Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(10), 3092–3103 (2018).
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N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, and B. Y. Man, “Various large-energy soliton operations within an Er-doped fiber laser with bismuth selenide as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(30), 8811–8818 (2018).
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N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, S. Y. Wang, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, W. Q. Yang, X. L. Han, and B. Y. Man, “High-efficiency passively Q-switched neodymium-doped fiber laser operation at 1360.61 nm with bismuth selenide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 28(12), 125801 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
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K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
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J. Li, Y. F. Zhao, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on SnS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
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H. N. Zhang, B. W. Li, and J. Liu, “Gold nanobipyramids as a saturable absorber for passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser operation at 1.06 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(2), 025104 (2017).
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K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
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H. N. Zhang and J. Liu, “Gold nanobipyramids as saturable absorbers for passively Q-switched laser generation in the 1.1 µm region,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1150–1152 (2016).
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Zhang, L.

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Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
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L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
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L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
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Zhang, Q.

Zhang, W. F.

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, Z. H. Xu, J. R. Li, Z. K. Jiang, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, I. L. Li, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-Area Tungsten Disulfide for Ultrafast Photonics,” Nanoscale 9(5), 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. X.

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
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Zhang, X. Y.

Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, D.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

Y. F. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. M. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
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Zhao, N.

Zhao, Y. F.

J. Li, Y. F. Zhao, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on SnS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, B.

J. S. He, L. L. Tao, H. Zhang, B. Zhou, and J. B. Li, “Emerging 2D materials beyond graphene for ultrashort pulse generation in fiber lasers,” Nanoscale 11(6), 2577–2593 (2019).
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Zólyomi, V.

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
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Zou, Y. H.

Zulkifli, A. Z.

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, M. Yasin, M. F. Ismail, and K. Thambiratnam, “In2Se3 saturable absorber for generating tunable Q-switched outputs from a bismuth-erbium doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(11), 115105 (2018).
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ACS Nano (2)

Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Q. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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S. D. Lei, L. H. Ge, S. Najmaei, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. D. Mohite, and P. M. Ajayan, “Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-Detection in Atomic Layers of InSe,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1263–1272 (2014).
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Adv. Mater. (2)

Y. I. Jhon, J. Koo, B. Anasori, M. Seo, J. H. Lee, Y. Gogotsi, and Y. M. Jhon, “metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers,” Adv. Mater. 29(40), 1702496 (2017).
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G. W. Mudd, S. A. Svatek, T. Ren, A. Patane, O. Makarovsky, L. Eaves, P. H. Beton, Z. D. Kovalyuk, G. V. Lashkarev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, and A. I. Dmitriev, “Tuning the bandgap of exfoliated InSe nanosheets by quantum confinement,” Adv. Mater. 25(40), 5714–5718 (2013).
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D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
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Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
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H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
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IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J. Li, Y. F. Zhao, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Mode-Locked Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on SnS2 as Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. L. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229 (2018).
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Laser Phys. (1)

N. N. Xu, H. N. Zhang, W. Q. Yang, X. L. Han, and B. Y. Man, “High-efficiency passively Q-switched neodymium-doped fiber laser operation at 1360.61 nm with bismuth selenide as saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 28(12), 125801 (2018).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

H. N. Zhang, B. W. Li, and J. Liu, “Gold nanobipyramids as a saturable absorber for passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser operation at 1.06 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(2), 025104 (2017).
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L. Zhang, J. T. Fan, J. H. Wang, J. M. Hu, M. Lotya, G. Z. Wang, R. H. Li, L. Zhang, W. J. Blau, J. N. Coleman, J. Wang, and Y. Feng, “Graphene incorporated Q-switching of a polarization-maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 888–892 (2012).
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H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, M. Yasin, M. F. Ismail, and K. Thambiratnam, “In2Se3 saturable absorber for generating tunable Q-switched outputs from a bismuth-erbium doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(11), 115105 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
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Nano Lett. (1)

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Nanoscale (2)

P. G. Yan, H. Chen, J. D. Yin, Z. H. Xu, J. R. Li, Z. K. Jiang, W. F. Zhang, J. Z. Wang, I. L. Li, Z. P. Sun, and S. C. Ruan, “Large-Area Tungsten Disulfide for Ultrafast Photonics,” Nanoscale 9(5), 1871–1877 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. S. He, L. L. Tao, H. Zhang, B. Zhou, and J. B. Li, “Emerging 2D materials beyond graphene for ultrashort pulse generation in fiber lasers,” Nanoscale 11(6), 2577–2593 (2019).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

D. A. Bandurin, A. V. Tyurnina, G. L. Yu, A. Mishchenko, V. Zólyomi, S. V. Morozov, R. K. Kumar, R. V. Gorbachev, Z. R. Kudrynskyi, S. Pezzini, Z. D. Kovalyuk, U. Zeitler, K. S. Novoselov, A. Patanè, L. Eaves, I. V. Grigorieva, V. I. Fal’ko, A. K. Geim, and Y. Cao, “High electron mobility, quantum Hall effect and anomalous optical response in atomically thin InSe,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(3), 223–227 (2017).
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Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Lee, J. Koo, and J. H. Lee, “A pulse-width-tunable, mode-locked fiber laser based on dissipative soliton resonance using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081309 (2016).
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Opt. Express (10)

S. Y. Choi, D. K. Cho, Y. W. Song, K. Oh, K. Kim, F. Rotermund, and D. Yeom, “Graphene-filled hollow optical fiber saturable absorber for efficient soliton fiber laser modelocking,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5652–5657 (2012).
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C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
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N. Ming, S. N. Tao, W. Q. Yang, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, C. Wang, S. Y. Wang, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. M. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933–25942 (2016).
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K. H. Wei, S. H. Fan, Q. G. Chen, and X. M. Lai, “Passively mode-locked Yb fiber laser with PbSe colloidal quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25(21), 24901–24906 (2017).
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K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
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Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, Z. N. Guo, X. F. Jiang, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, X. F. Yu, W. C. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20030–20039 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. P. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. Kushwaha, A. Patra, E. Anjali, H. Surdi, A. Singh, C. Gurada, and A. Thamizhavel, “Physical, optical and nonlinear properties of InS single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 36(3), 616–620 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (5)

Photonics Res. (1)

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Solid State (1)

A. P. Bakhtinov, Z. D. Kovalyuk, O. N. Sydor, V. N. Katerinchuk, and O. S. Lytvyn, “Formation of nanostructure on the surface of layered InSe semiconductor caused by oxidation under heating,” Phys. Solid State 49(8), 1572–1578 (2007).
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J. D. Kafka and M. B. Thomas, “Mode-locked fiber laser,” U.S. Patent No. 5,008,887 (1991).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) The Raman spectrum of the used InSe nanosheets. (b) The X-ray Diffraction of the used InSe nanosheets
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) The EDX spectrum of the InSe powder. Insert. The SEM image of the InSe nanosheets under the resolution of 1 µm. (b) The TEM image of the InSe nanosheets under the resolution of 50 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) The AFM image of the InSe nanosheets. (b) the corresponding heights of the AFM image.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) The linear transmission properties of the prepared InSe-PVA film. (b) The nonlinear absorption properties of the InSe-PVA film.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The construction of the large-energy mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The emission spectrum of the fiber laser.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) and (b) Emission pulse trains of the mode-locked laser. (c) The single pulse sharp of the mode-locked generation. (d) the RF spectrum located at 586.3 kHz with a bandwidth of 0.7 MHz.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) Average output power and pulse width under different pump power. (b) The relationship between the pulse energy, peak power and the pump power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. comparison of large-energy mode-locked lasers based on 2D SAs.

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