Abstract

Ho3+-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet (Ho:CNGG) single crystals have been successfully grown by the micro-pulling-down (µ-PD) method. The crystal structure, spectral properties, and laser performance of Ho:CNGG crystals were investigated. The doped Ho3+ ions showed a broad absorption and fluorescence bands due to the random distribution of Nb5+, Ga3+ and cationic vacancies in the host lattices. Moreover, 1.0 at.% Ho:CNGG single crystal was end-pumped by using a diode-pumped Tm:YAP laser with central wavelength of 1937nm. The maximum output power of 1.4 W with a slope efficiency of 18.7% at 2080nm was obtained preliminarily.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

2017 (1)

P. A. E. Ryabochkina, A. N. Chabushkin, N. G. E. Zakharov, K. V. E. Vorontsov, and S. A. Khrushchalina, “Tunable 2-µm lasing in calcium–niobium–gallium garnet crystals doped with Ho3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 47(7), 607–609 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

V. Petrov, “Frequency down-conversion of solid-state laser sources to the mid-infrared spectral range using non-oxide nonlinear crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 42, 1–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, L. Zhang, D. Luo, X. Qiao, J. Zhang, T. Zhao, D. Shen, and D. Tang, “Optical properties of Ho:YAG and Ho:LuAG polycrystalline transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(1), 142–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Shen, B. Q. Yao, X. M. Duan, G. L. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “103 W in-band dual-end-pumped Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3558–3560 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, and V. Petrov, “Passive mode-locking of the Yb: CNGG laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(4), 567–569 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Q. Zhang, G. Chen, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped lanthanum aluminum germanate glasses with efficient energy transfer,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(11), 113102 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Laser performance of disordered Yb:Ca3(NbGa)2–xGa3O12 crystal under diode pumping at 974–976 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 874–878 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2002 (1)

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Y. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

A. Brenier, G. Boulon, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth by the µ-pulling-down method and spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet,” J. Cryst. Growth 204(1-2), 145–149 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. Rustad and K. Stenersen, “Modeling of laser-pumped Tm and Ho lasers accounting for upconversion and ground-state depletion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(9), 1645–1656 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

1971 (1)

E. P. Chicklis, C. S. Naiman, R. C. Folweiler, D. R. Gabbe, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Linz, “High-Efficiency Room-Temperature 2.06-µm Laser Using Sensitized Ho3+:YLF,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(4), 119–121 (1971).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Antoshkina, S. A.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Arisholm, G.

Bae, J. E.

Basiev, T. T.

Belokoneva, E. L.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Betterton, J. G.

Bolshakova, E. V.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

A. Brenier, G. Boulon, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth by the µ-pulling-down method and spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet,” J. Cryst. Growth 204(1-2), 145–149 (1999).
[Crossref]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, G. Boulon, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth by the µ-pulling-down method and spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet,” J. Cryst. Growth 204(1-2), 145–149 (1999).
[Crossref]

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Byer, R. L.

Cai, H.

Chabushkin, A. N.

P. A. E. Ryabochkina, A. N. Chabushkin, N. G. E. Zakharov, K. V. E. Vorontsov, and S. A. Khrushchalina, “Tunable 2-µm lasing in calcium–niobium–gallium garnet crystals doped with Ho3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 47(7), 607–609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

Q. Zhang, G. Chen, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped lanthanum aluminum germanate glasses with efficient energy transfer,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(11), 113102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

Q. Zhang, G. Chen, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped lanthanum aluminum germanate glasses with efficient energy transfer,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(11), 113102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E. P.

E. P. Chicklis, C. S. Naiman, R. C. Folweiler, D. R. Gabbe, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Linz, “High-Efficiency Room-Temperature 2.06-µm Laser Using Sensitized Ho3+:YLF,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(4), 119–121 (1971).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

Dai, X.

Dekorsy, T.

J. Xu, L. Zheng, K. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. Wang, X. Xu, and L. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:Sc2SiO5 crystal,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2012), paper IW3D.1.

Díaz, F.

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Duan, X. M.

Es’ kov, N. A.

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

Es’kov, N. A.

Eskov, N. A.

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Y. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Esterowitz, L.

Fan, J.

Fan, T. Y.

Folweiler, R. C.

E. P. Chicklis, C. S. Naiman, R. C. Folweiler, D. R. Gabbe, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Linz, “High-Efficiency Room-Temperature 2.06-µm Laser Using Sensitized Ho3+:YLF,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(4), 119–121 (1971).
[Crossref]

Fuhrberg, P.

Fukuda, T.

A. Brenier, G. Boulon, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth by the µ-pulling-down method and spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet,” J. Cryst. Growth 204(1-2), 145–149 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. Naito, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, T. Okuyama, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, S. Nakai, T. Fukuda, and M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient laser-diode-pumped neodymium-doped calcium–niobium–gallium–garnet laser,” Appl. Opt. 32(36), 7387–7390 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gabbe, D. R.

E. P. Chicklis, C. S. Naiman, R. C. Folweiler, D. R. Gabbe, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Linz, “High-Efficiency Room-Temperature 2.06-µm Laser Using Sensitized Ho3+:YLF,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(4), 119–121 (1971).
[Crossref]

Gessen, S. B.

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gorton, E. K.

Gower, M. C.

Griebner, U.

Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Kowalczyk, J. Sotor, H. Yuan, Y. Zhang, X. Dai, H. Cai, J. E. Bae, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, P. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sub-80 fs mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped disordered garnet crystal oscillator operating at 2081nm,” Opt. Lett. 43(20), 5154–5157 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, and V. Petrov, “Passive mode-locking of the Yb: CNGG laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(4), 567–569 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gu, X.

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Helbig, M.

Huber, G.

Ivanov, M. A.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jenssen, H. P.

E. P. Chicklis, C. S. Naiman, R. C. Folweiler, D. R. Gabbe, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Linz, “High-Efficiency Room-Temperature 2.06-µm Laser Using Sensitized Ho3+:YLF,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(4), 119–121 (1971).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, and V. Petrov, “Passive mode-locking of the Yb: CNGG laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(4), 567–569 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, J. Fan, X. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petro, and M. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9464–9469 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ju, Y. L.

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Karasik, A. Y.

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Y. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Y. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5O12: Nd3+—prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[Crossref]

Khrushchalina, S. A.

P. A. E. Ryabochkina, A. N. Chabushkin, N. G. E. Zakharov, K. V. E. Vorontsov, and S. A. Khrushchalina, “Tunable 2-µm lasing in calcium–niobium–gallium garnet crystals doped with Ho3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 47(7), 607–609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kochurihin, V. V.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koopmann, P.

Kowalczyk, M.

Kurbanov, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Lamrini, S.

Linz, A.

E. P. Chicklis, C. S. Naiman, R. C. Folweiler, D. R. Gabbe, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Linz, “High-Efficiency Room-Temperature 2.06-µm Laser Using Sensitized Ho3+:YLF,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(4), 119–121 (1971).
[Crossref]

Lippert, E.

Liu, J.

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, and V. Petrov, “Passive mode-locking of the Yb: CNGG laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(4), 567–569 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Laser performance of disordered Yb:Ca3(NbGa)2–xGa3O12 crystal under diode pumping at 974–976 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 874–878 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, J. Fan, X. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petro, and M. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9464–9469 (2007).
[Crossref]

Loiko, P.

Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Kowalczyk, J. Sotor, H. Yuan, Y. Zhang, X. Dai, H. Cai, J. E. Bae, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, P. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sub-80 fs mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped disordered garnet crystal oscillator operating at 2081nm,” Opt. Lett. 43(20), 5154–5157 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, D.

Mackenzie, J. I.

Malov, A. V.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Markosyan, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Mateos, X.

Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Kowalczyk, J. Sotor, H. Yuan, Y. Zhang, X. Dai, H. Cai, J. E. Bae, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, P. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sub-80 fs mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped disordered garnet crystal oscillator operating at 2081nm,” Opt. Lett. 43(20), 5154–5157 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Laser performance of disordered Yb:Ca3(NbGa)2–xGa3O12 crystal under diode pumping at 974–976 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 874–878 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, J. Fan, X. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petro, and M. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9464–9469 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mill, B.V.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Mitzscherlich, P.

Naiman, C. S.

E. P. Chicklis, C. S. Naiman, R. C. Folweiler, D. R. Gabbe, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Linz, “High-Efficiency Room-Temperature 2.06-µm Laser Using Sensitized Ho3+:YLF,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(4), 119–121 (1971).
[Crossref]

Naito, K.

Nakai, S.

Nakatsuka, M.

Nicolas, S.

Nikol’skaya, O. K.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Nishchev, K. N.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

Okuyama, T.

Osiko, V. V.

Pan, Z.

Petro, V.

Petrov, V.

Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Kowalczyk, J. Sotor, H. Yuan, Y. Zhang, X. Dai, H. Cai, J. E. Bae, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, P. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sub-80 fs mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped disordered garnet crystal oscillator operating at 2081nm,” Opt. Lett. 43(20), 5154–5157 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, “Frequency down-conversion of solid-state laser sources to the mid-infrared spectral range using non-oxide nonlinear crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 42, 1–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, and V. Petrov, “Passive mode-locking of the Yb: CNGG laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(4), 567–569 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Laser performance of disordered Yb:Ca3(NbGa)2–xGa3O12 crystal under diode pumping at 974–976 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 874–878 (2008).
[Crossref]

Qiao, X.

Qiu, J.

Q. Zhang, G. Chen, G. Zhang, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Spectroscopic properties of Ho3+/Yb3+ codoped lanthanum aluminum germanate glasses with efficient energy transfer,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(11), 113102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rabochkina, P. A.

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Y. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

Rustad, G.

E. Lippert, S. Nicolas, G. Arisholm, K. Stenersen, and G. Rustad, “Midinfrared laser source with high power and beam quality,” Appl. Opt. 45(16), 3839–3845 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Rustad and K. Stenersen, “Modeling of laser-pumped Tm and Ho lasers accounting for upconversion and ground-state depletion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(9), 1645–1656 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ryabochkina, P. A.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ryabochkina, P. A. E.

P. A. E. Ryabochkina, A. N. Chabushkin, N. G. E. Zakharov, K. V. E. Vorontsov, and S. A. Khrushchalina, “Tunable 2-µm lasing in calcium–niobium–gallium garnet crystals doped with Ho3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 47(7), 607–609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, E. L. Belokoneva, A. V. Butashin, K. Kurbanov, A. A. Markosyan, B.V. Mill, O. K. Nikol’skaya, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Crystal structure and spectral luminescence properties of the cation-deficient garnet Ca3(Nb, Ga)2Ga3O12-Nd3+,” Inorg. Mater. 22(7), 927–936 (1986).

Sasaki, T.

Schäfer, M.

Schmidt, A.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, and V. Petrov, “Passive mode-locking of the Yb: CNGG laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(4), 567–569 (2010).
[Crossref]

Scholle, K.

Serres, J. M.

Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Kowalczyk, J. Sotor, H. Yuan, Y. Zhang, X. Dai, H. Cai, J. E. Bae, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, P. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Sub-80 fs mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped disordered garnet crystal oscillator operating at 2081nm,” Opt. Lett. 43(20), 5154–5157 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shchuchkina, N. V.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Shen, Y. J.

Shepherd, D. P.

Shestakov, A. V.

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shimamura, K.

A. Brenier, G. Boulon, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth by the µ-pulling-down method and spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet,” J. Cryst. Growth 204(1-2), 145–149 (1999).
[Crossref]

Smolin, D. V.

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

So, S.

Sobol, A. A.

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Y. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Y. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5O12: Nd3+—prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

Stenersen, K.

E. Lippert, S. Nicolas, G. Arisholm, K. Stenersen, and G. Rustad, “Midinfrared laser source with high power and beam quality,” Appl. Opt. 45(16), 3839–3845 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Rustad and K. Stenersen, “Modeling of laser-pumped Tm and Ho lasers accounting for upconversion and ground-state depletion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(9), 1645–1656 (1996).
[Crossref]

Stoneman, R. C.

Su, L.

J. Xu, L. Zheng, K. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. Wang, X. Xu, and L. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:Sc2SiO5 crystal,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2012), paper IW3D.1.

Tang, D.

Tao, X.

Terry, J. A. C.

Timoshechkin, M. I.

Tsymbal, L. I.

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ushakov, S. N.

P. A. Ryabochkina, S. A. Antoshkina, E. V. Bolshakova, M. A. Ivanov, V. V. Kochurihin, A. V. Malov, S. N. Ushakov, N. V. Shchuchkina, and K. N. Nishchev, “Hypersensitive transitions of Tm3+, Ho3+ and Dy3+ rare-earth ions in garnet crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(8), 1900–1905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Y. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Y. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb, Ga)5O12: Nd3+—prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 201–203 (1992).
[Crossref]

Voronko, Y. K.

Y. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Y. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions––effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20(3), 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Es’ kov, A. G. Okhrimchuk, D. V. Smolin, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, L. I. Tsymbal, and A. V. Shestakov, “Continuous lasing at a 2 µm wavelength in calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals at room temperature,” Quantum Electron. 26(3), 222–223 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vorontsov, K. V. E.

P. A. E. Ryabochkina, A. N. Chabushkin, N. G. E. Zakharov, K. V. E. Vorontsov, and S. A. Khrushchalina, “Tunable 2-µm lasing in calcium–niobium–gallium garnet crystals doped with Ho3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 47(7), 607–609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

A. Schmidt, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, and V. Petrov, “Passive mode-locking of the Yb: CNGG laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(4), 567–569 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Laser performance of disordered Yb:Ca3(NbGa)2–xGa3O12 crystal under diode pumping at 974–976 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 874–878 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, J. Fan, X. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petro, and M. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9464–9469 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

J. Xu, L. Zheng, K. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. Wang, X. Xu, and L. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:Sc2SiO5 crystal,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2012), paper IW3D.1.

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. Z.

Xia, H.

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, L. Zheng, K. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. Wang, X. Xu, and L. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:Sc2SiO5 crystal,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2012), paper IW3D.1.

Xu, X.

J. Xu, L. Zheng, K. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. Wang, X. Xu, and L. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:Sc2SiO5 crystal,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2012), paper IW3D.1.

Yamanaka, M.

Yang, H.

H. Yang, L. Zhang, D. Luo, X. Qiao, J. Zhang, T. Zhao, D. Shen, and D. Tang, “Optical properties of Ho:YAG and Ho:LuAG polycrystalline transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(1), 142–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Laser performance of disordered Yb:Ca3(NbGa)2–xGa3O12 crystal under diode pumping at 974–976 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 874–878 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

J. Xu, L. Zheng, K. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. Wang, X. Xu, and L. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:Sc2SiO5 crystal,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2012), paper IW3D.1.

Yang, S.

S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, B. Q.

Yokotani, A.

Yu, H.

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

Yumashev, K.

J. M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Liu, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Q-switching of Yb: YGG, Yb: LuGG and Yb: CNGG lasers by a graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 197 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zakharov, N. G. E.

P. A. E. Ryabochkina, A. N. Chabushkin, N. G. E. Zakharov, K. V. E. Vorontsov, and S. A. Khrushchalina, “Tunable 2-µm lasing in calcium–niobium–gallium garnet crystals doped with Ho3+ ions,” Quantum Electron. 47(7), 607–609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

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J. Liu, H. Yang, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Laser performance of disordered Yb:Ca3(NbGa)2–xGa3O12 crystal under diode pumping at 974–976 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(12), 874–878 (2008).
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S. Yang, H. Xia, J. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y. Shi, X. Gu, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Growth and spectral properties of Ho3+ doped α-NaYF4 single crystal,” Opt. Mater. 45, 209–214 (2015).
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J. Xu, L. Zheng, K. Yang, T. Dekorsy, Q. Wang, X. Xu, and L. Su, “Growth and efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:Sc2SiO5 crystal,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2012), paper IW3D.1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The as-grown 0.5 at.% (a) and 1.0 at.% Ho:CNGG (b) fiber crystals.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The XRD pattern of Ho:CNGG crystals.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The absorption spectra of Ho:CNGG crystals.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Fluorescence spectra of Ho:CNGG crystals
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The fluorescence decay curves of Ho:CNGG crystals.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Experimental setup of Ho:CNGG laser end-pumped by a Tm:YAP laser.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. The laser spectrum (a) and the laser output power versus the pump power (b) for the 1 at.% Ho:CNGG crystal.

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