Abstract

Bismuth (Bi) doped fibers have shown promising potential for lasers and amplifiers in the 1150-1500 nm and 1600-1800nm wavelength region. Bi-doped aluminosilicate, phosphosilicate and germanosilicate fibers provide luminescence around 1150 nm, 1300 nm and 1450 nm, respectively. Recent results have demonstrated the possibility to extend the Bi luminescence window beyond 1600 nm using Bi-doped high (≥ 50 mol %) germanosilicate fibers. These spectral regions can serve a wide range of applications in medicine, astronomy, defense and to extend the optical fiber communication. However, Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers are still far from their optimum performance owing to the unclear nature of the near-infrared emitting Bi active centers. In this paper, we review the current state of the art of Bi-doped silica fiber lasers (CW and pulsed) and amplifiers in different wavelength bands. Also, we present our work on the development of Bi-doped aluminosilicate and phosphosilicate fiber lasers and amplifiers in the 1180 nm and 1330 nm bands. These lasers and amplifiers find applications in generating visible light sources and to access the second telecommunication window. The fibers used here were fabricated by modified chemical vapor deposition-solution doping technique and characterized for their unsaturable loss. Moreover, we present the influence of pump wavelengths on the gain, noise figure and laser efficiency of these Bi-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers. We also discuss Bi-doped fibers for pulsed laser application and demonstrate a mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser operating at 1340 nm.

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  94. N. G. Horton, K. Wang, D. Kobat, C. G. Clark, F. W. Wise, C. B. Schaffer, and C. Xu, “In vivo three-photon microscopy of subcortical structures within an intact mouse brain,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 205–209 (2013).
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  95. K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.34 µm bismuth- doped fibre source,” Quantum Electron. 44(7), 700–702 (2014).
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  96. K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.44 µm fibre-doped fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4817–4819 (2012).
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  97. K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
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  98. I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
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2018 (5)

M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-Active Fibers Doped With Bismuth for a Wavelength Region of 1.6–1.8µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Khegai, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, V. Khopin, S. Firstov, and E. Dianov, “NALM-based bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.7  µm,” Opt. Lett. 43(5), 1127–1130 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Akhoundi, Y. Qin, N. Peyghambarian, J. K. Barton, and K. Kieu, “Compact fiber-based multi-photon endoscope working at 1700nm,” Biomed. Opt. Express 9(5), 2326–2335 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Khegai, M. Melkumov, S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, Y. Gladush, S. Alyshev, A. Lobanov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. G. Nasibulin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.32µm mode-locked by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23911–23917 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (8)

G. K. Zhao, W. Lin, H. J. Chen, Y. K. Lv, X. M. Tan, Z. M. Yang, V. M. Mashinsky, A. Krylov, A. P. Luo, H. Cui, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, and E. M. Dianov, “Dissipative soliton resonance in Bismuth-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20923–20931 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. K. Thipparapu, C. Guo, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, A. Taranta, and J. K. Sahu, “Bismuth-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser operating at 1340  nm,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5102–5105 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. D. Emami, M. M. Dashtabi, H. J. Lee, A. S. Arabanian, and H. A. Rashid, “1700nm and 1800nm band tunable thulium doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12747 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. M. Paramonov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, S. V. Firstov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Continuous-wave bismuth fibre laser tunable from 1.65 to 1.8 µm,” Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1091–1093 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Rissanen, D. A. Korobko, I. O. Zolotovsky, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and R. Gumenyuk, “Infiltrated bunch of solitons in Bi-doped frequency-shifted feed-back fiber laser operated at 1450 nm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 44194 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumova, K. E. Riumkina, V. F. Khopinc, F. V. Afanasievc, D. V. Myasnikovd, and E. M. Dianova, “Figure-of-eight fiber doped fiber laser operating at 1.3 microns in dissipative soliton regime,” Proc. SPIE 10083, 100830A (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “A saturable absorber based on bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber for a 1.93 µm, mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(6), 065104 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

T. Noronen, S. Firstov, E. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1700nm dispersion managed mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 24876 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. M. Paramonov, M. I. Belovolov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, M. A. Mel’kumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fibre laser continuously tunable within the range from 1.36 to 1.51 µm,” Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1068–1070 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and J. K. Sahu, “Bi-doped fiber amplifier with a flat gain of 25  dB operating in the wavelength band 1320–1360  nm,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1518–1521 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

2014 (8)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.34 µm bismuth- doped fibre source,” Quantum Electron. 44(7), 700–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. A. Korobko, R. Gumenyuk, I. O. Zolotovskii, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multisoliton complexes in fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 593–609 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “Burst-mode pulse generation from a fiber-doped germanosilicate fiber laser through self Q-switched mode-locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125102 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Kawagoe, S. Ishida, M. Aramaki, Y. Sakakibara, E. Omoda, H. Kataura, and N. Nishizawa, “Development of a high power supercontinuum source in the 1.7 µm wavelength region for highly penetrative ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express 5(3), 932–943 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
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S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600–1800  nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1059–1074 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.32 µm mode-locked fiber-doped fiber laser operating in anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4005–4007 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, J. Y. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “Self-q-switching of a bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber laser operating at 1.46 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125104 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. G. Horton, K. Wang, D. Kobat, C. G. Clark, F. W. Wise, C. B. Schaffer, and C. Xu, “In vivo three-photon microscopy of subcortical structures within an intact mouse brain,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 205–209 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Crotti, F. Deloison, F. Alahyane, F. Aptel, L. Kowalczuk, J. M. Legeais, D. A. Peyrot, M. Savoldelli, and K. Plamann, “Wavelength optimization in femtosecond laser corneal surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 54(5), 3340 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, N. G. Horton, and C. Xu, “Going Deep: Brain Imaging with Multi-Photon Microscopy,” Opt. Photonics News 24(11), 32–39 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

2011 (5)

2010 (5)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014 (2010).
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E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, K. M. Golant, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Bismuth fiber integrated laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 790–794 (2010).
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Y. Fujimoto, “Local Structure of the Infrared Bismuth Luminescent Center in Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
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S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, R. Herda, S. Marcinkevicius, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Pulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1041–1048 (2010).
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D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
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2009 (10)

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. K. Sahu, “Influence of cooling on a bismuth-doped fiber laser and amplifier performance,” Appl. Opt. 48(31), G83–G87 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “The IR Emitting Centers in Bi-doped Mg-Al-Si Oxide Glasses,” Laser Phys. 19(5), 1105–1111 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Kivisto, R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber laser with chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(9), 599–601 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Picosecond pulse generation in a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 39(10), 882–886 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, O. G. E. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Pulsed bismuth fibre laser with the intracavity-compensated group velocity dispersion,” Quantum Electron. 39(1), 21–24 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. V. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers operating in the range 1470–1550 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(4), 299–301 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (7)

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable mode-locked bismuth-doped soliton fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 µm,” Quantum Electron. 38(7), 615–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, B. Wu, N. Da, C. Wang, D. Chen, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Bismuth-activated luminescent materials for broadband optical amplifier in WDM system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1221–1225 (2008).
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M. Y. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2131–2133 (2008).
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I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300–1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalita, S. Yoo, and J. Sahu, “Bismuth doped fiber laser and study of unsaturable loss and pump induced absorption in laser performance,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21032–21038 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (6)

2006 (1)

J. Ren, L. Yanga, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Effect of various alkaline-earth metal oxides on the broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silicate glasses,” Solid State Commun. 140(1), 38–41 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

N. S. Sadick and R. Weiss, “The utilization of a new yellow light laser (578 nm) for the treatment of class I red telangiectasia of the lower extremities,” Dermatol. Surg. 28(1), 21–25 (2002).

S. Tanabe, “Rare-earth-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers in broadband telecommunication,” C. R. Chim. 5(12), 815–824 (2002).
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2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2), L279–L281 (2001).
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1997 (1)

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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1992 (1)

1990 (1)

C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Pulido, and J. C. Folk, “Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiomas with dye yellow laser,” Ophthalmology 97(6), 791–797 (1990).
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1988 (1)

P. Urquhart, “Review of rare earth doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 135(6), 385–407 (1988).
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Afanasiev, F.

Afanasiev, F. V.

M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
[Crossref]

Afanasievc, F. V.

A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumova, K. E. Riumkina, V. F. Khopinc, F. V. Afanasievc, D. V. Myasnikovd, and E. M. Dianova, “Figure-of-eight fiber doped fiber laser operating at 1.3 microns in dissipative soliton regime,” Proc. SPIE 10083, 100830A (2017).
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Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Ahmad, H.

M. A. Ismail, S. W. Harun, H. Ahmad, and M. C. Paul, “Passive Q-switched and Mode-locked Fiber Lasers Using Carbon-based Saturable Absorbers,” in Fiber Laser, M. C. Paul, ed. (IntechOpen, 2016).

Akhoundi, F.

Alahyane, F.

C. Crotti, F. Deloison, F. Alahyane, F. Aptel, L. Kowalczuk, J. M. Legeais, D. A. Peyrot, M. Savoldelli, and K. Plamann, “Wavelength optimization in femtosecond laser corneal surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 54(5), 3340 (2013).
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Alfano, R. R.

Alyshev, S.

Alyshev, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-Active Fibers Doped With Bismuth for a Wavelength Region of 1.6–1.8µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7 µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
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An, J.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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Aozasa, S.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, K. Ohta, S. Aozasa, T. Tanaka, K. Senda, Y. Maeda, O. Koyama, and J. Ono, “1.7 µm band optical fiber amplifier,” in OFC Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Tu2D.3.

Aptel, F.

C. Crotti, F. Deloison, F. Alahyane, F. Aptel, L. Kowalczuk, J. M. Legeais, D. A. Peyrot, M. Savoldelli, and K. Plamann, “Wavelength optimization in femtosecond laser corneal surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 54(5), 3340 (2013).
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Arabanian, A. S.

S. D. Emami, M. M. Dashtabi, H. J. Lee, A. S. Arabanian, and H. A. Rashid, “1700nm and 1800nm band tunable thulium doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12747 (2017).
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I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.34 µm bismuth- doped fibre source,” Quantum Electron. 44(7), 700–702 (2014).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.32 µm mode-locked fiber-doped fiber laser operating in anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4005–4007 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.44 µm fibre-doped fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4817–4819 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. V. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers operating in the range 1470–1550 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(4), 299–301 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 µm,” Quantum Electron. 38(7), 615–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300–1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High power CW bismuth fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
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S. D. Emami, M. M. Dashtabi, H. J. Lee, A. S. Arabanian, and H. A. Rashid, “1700nm and 1800nm band tunable thulium doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12747 (2017).
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C. Crotti, F. Deloison, F. Alahyane, F. Aptel, L. Kowalczuk, J. M. Legeais, D. A. Peyrot, M. Savoldelli, and K. Plamann, “Wavelength optimization in femtosecond laser corneal surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 54(5), 3340 (2013).
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Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “The IR Emitting Centers in Bi-doped Mg-Al-Si Oxide Glasses,” Laser Phys. 19(5), 1105–1111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-Active Fibers Doped With Bismuth for a Wavelength Region of 1.6–1.8µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. M. Paramonov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, S. V. Firstov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Continuous-wave bismuth fibre laser tunable from 1.65 to 1.8 µm,” Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1091–1093 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. K. Zhao, W. Lin, H. J. Chen, Y. K. Lv, X. M. Tan, Z. M. Yang, V. M. Mashinsky, A. Krylov, A. P. Luo, H. Cui, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, and E. M. Dianov, “Dissipative soliton resonance in Bismuth-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20923–20931 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “A saturable absorber based on bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber for a 1.93 µm, mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(6), 065104 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. M. Paramonov, M. I. Belovolov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, M. A. Mel’kumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fibre laser continuously tunable within the range from 1.36 to 1.51 µm,” Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1068–1070 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Nature of Bi-related near IR active centers in glasses: state of the art and first reliable results,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095106 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Gumenyuk, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of absorption recovery in bismuth-doped silica glass at 1450 nm on soliton grouping in fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 7044 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7 µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.34 µm bismuth- doped fibre source,” Quantum Electron. 44(7), 700–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “Burst-mode pulse generation from a fiber-doped germanosilicate fiber laser through self Q-switched mode-locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125102 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, J. Y. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “Self-q-switching of a bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber laser operating at 1.46 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125104 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1059–1074 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.32 µm mode-locked fiber-doped fiber laser operating in anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4005–4007 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.44 µm fibre-doped fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4817–4819 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, R. Herda, S. Marcinkevicius, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Pulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1041–1048 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Kivisto, R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber laser with chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(9), 599–601 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Picosecond pulse generation in a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 39(10), 882–886 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, O. G. E. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Pulsed bismuth fibre laser with the intracavity-compensated group velocity dispersion,” Quantum Electron. 39(1), 21–24 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. V. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers operating in the range 1470–1550 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(4), 299–301 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 µm,” Quantum Electron. 38(7), 615–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable mode-locked bismuth-doped soliton fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300–1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Yb-Bi pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 451–453 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. A. Krylov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, P. G. Kryukov, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1807–1808 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High power CW bismuth fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in ECOC 2005 Proceedings, (Glasgow, UK, 2005), 4, 949–950, paper Th 3.3.5.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Yellow frequency-doubled bismuth fiber laser,” ECOC 2006, 1–2.

Dianova, E. M.

A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumova, K. E. Riumkina, V. F. Khopinc, F. V. Afanasievc, D. V. Myasnikovd, and E. M. Dianova, “Figure-of-eight fiber doped fiber laser operating at 1.3 microns in dissipative soliton regime,” Proc. SPIE 10083, 100830A (2017).
[Crossref]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare-earth-doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (CRC Press, 2001).

Dong, G.

Douay, M.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, A. A. Krylov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, P. G. Kryukov, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1807–1808 (2007).
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V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Yb-Bi pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 451–453 (2007).
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E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
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V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in ECOC 2005 Proceedings, (Glasgow, UK, 2005), 4, 949–950, paper Th 3.3.5.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Yellow frequency-doubled bismuth fiber laser,” ECOC 2006, 1–2.

Emami, S. D.

S. D. Emami, M. M. Dashtabi, H. J. Lee, A. S. Arabanian, and H. A. Rashid, “1700nm and 1800nm band tunable thulium doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12747 (2017).
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Erbert, G. V.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
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E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, K. M. Golant, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Bismuth fiber integrated laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 790–794 (2010).
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Firstov, S.

Firstov, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-Active Fibers Doped With Bismuth for a Wavelength Region of 1.6–1.8µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
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M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. M. Paramonov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, S. V. Firstov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Continuous-wave bismuth fibre laser tunable from 1.65 to 1.8 µm,” Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1091–1093 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
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S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939 (2016).
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S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7 µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.34 µm bismuth- doped fibre source,” Quantum Electron. 44(7), 700–702 (2014).
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I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.44 µm fibre-doped fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4817–4819 (2012).
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A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
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M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014 (2010).
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E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
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E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers operating in the range 1470–1550 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(4), 299–301 (2009).
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S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. V. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
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E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 µm,” Quantum Electron. 38(7), 615–617 (2008).
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I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300–1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
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C. F. Blodi, S. R. Russell, J. S. Pulido, and J. C. Folk, “Direct and feeder vessel photocoagulation of retinal angiomas with dye yellow laser,” Ophthalmology 97(6), 791–797 (1990).
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C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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Y. Fujimoto, “Local Structure of the Infrared Bismuth Luminescent Center in Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
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Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2), L279–L281 (2001).
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Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “The IR Emitting Centers in Bi-doped Mg-Al-Si Oxide Glasses,” Laser Phys. 19(5), 1105–1111 (2009).
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Gavel, D. T.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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Gladush, Y.

Golant, K. M.

Guina, M.

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, R. Herda, S. Marcinkevicius, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Pulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1041–1048 (2010).
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A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, O. G. E. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Pulsed bismuth fibre laser with the intracavity-compensated group velocity dispersion,” Quantum Electron. 39(1), 21–24 (2009).
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S. Kivisto, R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber laser with chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(9), 599–601 (2009).
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S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable mode-locked bismuth-doped soliton fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
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E. M. Dianov, A. A. Krylov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, P. G. Kryukov, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1807–1808 (2007).
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Gumenyuk, R.

J. Rissanen, D. A. Korobko, I. O. Zolotovsky, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and R. Gumenyuk, “Infiltrated bunch of solitons in Bi-doped frequency-shifted feed-back fiber laser operated at 1450 nm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 44194 (2017).
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R. Gumenyuk, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of absorption recovery in bismuth-doped silica glass at 1450 nm on soliton grouping in fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 7044 (2015).
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D. A. Korobko, R. Gumenyuk, I. O. Zolotovskii, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multisoliton complexes in fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 593–609 (2014).
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R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.32 µm mode-locked fiber-doped fiber laser operating in anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4005–4007 (2013).
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R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Temporal control of vector soliton bunching by slow/fast saturable absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(1), 1–7 (2012).
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S. Kivisto, R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber laser with chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(9), 599–601 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

V. M. Paramonov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, S. V. Firstov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Continuous-wave bismuth fibre laser tunable from 1.65 to 1.8 µm,” Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1091–1093 (2017).
[Crossref]

V. M. Paramonov, M. I. Belovolov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, M. A. Mel’kumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fibre laser continuously tunable within the range from 1.36 to 1.51 µm,” Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1068–1070 (2016).
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E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers operating in the range 1470–1550 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(4), 299–301 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 µm,” Quantum Electron. 38(7), 615–617 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A.

Guryanov, A. N.

M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.34 µm bismuth- doped fibre source,” Quantum Electron. 44(7), 700–702 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.44 µm fibre-doped fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4817–4819 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. V. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300–1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in ECOC 2005 Proceedings, (Glasgow, UK, 2005), 4, 949–950, paper Th 3.3.5.

Guryanov, N.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
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Harun, S. W.

M. A. Ismail, S. W. Harun, H. Ahmad, and M. C. Paul, “Passive Q-switched and Mode-locked Fiber Lasers Using Carbon-based Saturable Absorbers,” in Fiber Laser, M. C. Paul, ed. (IntechOpen, 2016).

Haruna, T.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, “Silica-Based Bismuth-Doped Fiber for Ultra Broad Band Light Source and Optical Amplification around at 1.1 mm,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Herda, R.

Horton, N. G.

N. G. Horton, K. Wang, D. Kobat, C. G. Clark, F. W. Wise, C. B. Schaffer, and C. Xu, “In vivo three-photon microscopy of subcortical structures within an intact mouse brain,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 205–209 (2013).
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K. Wang, N. G. Horton, and C. Xu, “Going Deep: Brain Imaging with Multi-Photon Microscopy,” Opt. Photonics News 24(11), 32–39 (2013).
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Ishikawa, S.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, “Silica-Based Bismuth-Doped Fiber for Ultra Broad Band Light Source and Optical Amplification around at 1.1 mm,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Iskhakova, L. D.

S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. V. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
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Ismail, M. A.

M. A. Ismail, S. W. Harun, H. Ahmad, and M. C. Paul, “Passive Q-switched and Mode-locked Fiber Lasers Using Carbon-based Saturable Absorbers,” in Fiber Laser, M. C. Paul, ed. (IntechOpen, 2016).

Jain, S.

Jhon, Y. M.

Jiang, X.

J. Ren, L. Yanga, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Effect of various alkaline-earth metal oxides on the broadband infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silicate glasses,” Solid State Commun. 140(1), 38–41 (2006).
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Jung, M.

J. Lee, M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “A saturable absorber based on bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber for a 1.93 µm, mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(6), 065104 (2017).
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M. Jung, J. Lee, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “Burst-mode pulse generation from a fiber-doped germanosilicate fiber laser through self Q-switched mode-locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125102 (2014).
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M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, J. Y. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “Self-q-switching of a bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber laser operating at 1.46 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125104 (2013).
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Kablukov, S. I.

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
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Kakui, M.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, “Silica-Based Bismuth-Doped Fiber for Ultra Broad Band Light Source and Optical Amplification around at 1.1 mm,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MC3.

Kalita, M. P.

Kanz, K.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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Kataura, H.

Kawagoe, H.

Kelleher, E. J.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

B. H. Chapman, E. J. R. Kelleher, K. M. Golant, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Amplification of picosecond pulses and gigahertz signals in bismuth-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(8), 1446–1448 (2011).
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E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, K. M. Golant, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Bismuth fiber integrated laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 790–794 (2010).
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Kharakhordin, A. V.

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K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
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Khegai, A.

Khegai, A. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. V. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-Active Fibers Doped With Bismuth for a Wavelength Region of 1.6–1.8µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
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M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
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A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumova, K. E. Riumkina, V. F. Khopinc, F. V. Afanasievc, D. V. Myasnikovd, and E. M. Dianova, “Figure-of-eight fiber doped fiber laser operating at 1.3 microns in dissipative soliton regime,” Proc. SPIE 10083, 100830A (2017).
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K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
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S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Luminescence Characteristics of Te- and Bi-Doped Glasses and Glass-Ceramics,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 115(1340), 259–263 (2007).
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Khopin, V.

Khopin, V. F.

K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
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J. Lee, M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “A saturable absorber based on bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber for a 1.93 µm, mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(6), 065104 (2017).
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J. Rissanen, D. A. Korobko, I. O. Zolotovsky, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and R. Gumenyuk, “Infiltrated bunch of solitons in Bi-doped frequency-shifted feed-back fiber laser operated at 1450 nm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 44194 (2017).
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V. M. Paramonov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, S. V. Firstov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Continuous-wave bismuth fibre laser tunable from 1.65 to 1.8 µm,” Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1091–1093 (2017).
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S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939 (2016).
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V. M. Paramonov, M. I. Belovolov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, M. A. Mel’kumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fibre laser continuously tunable within the range from 1.36 to 1.51 µm,” Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1068–1070 (2016).
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R. Gumenyuk, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of absorption recovery in bismuth-doped silica glass at 1450 nm on soliton grouping in fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 7044 (2015).
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T. Noronen, M. Melkumov, D. Stolyarov, V. F. Khopin, E. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “All-fiber fiber system for femtosecond pulse generation, compression, and energy scaling,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2217–2220 (2015).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.34 µm bismuth- doped fibre source,” Quantum Electron. 44(7), 700–702 (2014).
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M. Jung, J. Lee, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “Burst-mode pulse generation from a fiber-doped germanosilicate fiber laser through self Q-switched mode-locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125102 (2014).
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I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
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M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, J. Y. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “Self-q-switching of a bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber laser operating at 1.46 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125104 (2013).
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A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.44 µm fibre-doped fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4817–4819 (2012).
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M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
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I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014 (2010).
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E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
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E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers operating in the range 1470–1550 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(4), 299–301 (2009).
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S. V. Firstov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, A. Shubin, A. V. Smirnov, L. D. Iskhakova, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “2W bismuth doped fiber lasers in the wavelength range 1300-1500 nm and variation of Bi-doped fiber parameters with core composition,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(9), 665–670 (2009).
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E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 µm,” Quantum Electron. 38(7), 615–617 (2008).
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I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300–1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
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Khopinc, V. F.

A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumova, K. E. Riumkina, V. F. Khopinc, F. V. Afanasievc, D. V. Myasnikovd, and E. M. Dianova, “Figure-of-eight fiber doped fiber laser operating at 1.3 microns in dissipative soliton regime,” Proc. SPIE 10083, 100830A (2017).
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Kieu, K.

Kim, J. Y.

M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, J. Y. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “Self-q-switching of a bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber laser operating at 1.46 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125104 (2013).
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Kivisto, S.

S. Kivisto, R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber laser with chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(9), 599–601 (2009).
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Kivistö, S.

S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, R. Herda, S. Marcinkevicius, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Pulse dynamics of a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1041–1048 (2010).
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S. Kivistö, J. Puustinen, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable mode-locked bismuth-doped soliton fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 44(25), 1456–1458 (2008).
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Kobat, D.

N. G. Horton, K. Wang, D. Kobat, C. G. Clark, F. W. Wise, C. B. Schaffer, and C. Xu, “In vivo three-photon microscopy of subcortical structures within an intact mouse brain,” Nat. Photonics 7(3), 205–209 (2013).
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Koo, J.

Korobko, D. A.

J. Rissanen, D. A. Korobko, I. O. Zolotovsky, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and R. Gumenyuk, “Infiltrated bunch of solitons in Bi-doped frequency-shifted feed-back fiber laser operated at 1450 nm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 44194 (2017).
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D. A. Korobko, O. G. Okhotnikov, and I. O. Zolotovskii, “Long-range soliton interactions through gain-absorption depletion and recovery,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2862–2865 (2015).
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D. A. Korobko, R. Gumenyuk, I. O. Zolotovskii, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multisoliton complexes in fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 593–609 (2014).
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Kowalczuk, L.

C. Crotti, F. Deloison, F. Alahyane, F. Aptel, L. Kowalczuk, J. M. Legeais, D. A. Peyrot, M. Savoldelli, and K. Plamann, “Wavelength optimization in femtosecond laser corneal surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 54(5), 3340 (2013).
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Koyama, O.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, K. Ohta, S. Aozasa, T. Tanaka, K. Senda, Y. Maeda, O. Koyama, and J. Ono, “1.7 µm band optical fiber amplifier,” in OFC Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Tu2D.3.

Krylov, A.

Krylov, A. A.

A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, O. G. E. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Pulsed bismuth fibre laser with the intracavity-compensated group velocity dispersion,” Quantum Electron. 39(1), 21–24 (2009).
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A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Picosecond pulse generation in a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 39(10), 882–886 (2009).
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E. M. Dianov, A. A. Krylov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, P. G. Kryukov, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1807–1808 (2007).
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Kryukov, P. G.

A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Picosecond pulse generation in a passively mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 39(10), 882–886 (2009).
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A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, O. G. E. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Pulsed bismuth fibre laser with the intracavity-compensated group velocity dispersion,” Quantum Electron. 39(1), 21–24 (2009).
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E. M. Dianov, A. A. Krylov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, P. G. Kryukov, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1807–1808 (2007).
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A. S. Kurkov, “Q-switched all-fiber lasers with saturable absorbers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 335–342 (2011).
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S. D. Emami, M. M. Dashtabi, H. J. Lee, A. S. Arabanian, and H. A. Rashid, “1700nm and 1800nm band tunable thulium doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12747 (2017).
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Lee, J.

J. Lee, M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “A saturable absorber based on bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber for a 1.93 µm, mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(6), 065104 (2017).
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J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
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M. Jung, J. Lee, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “Burst-mode pulse generation from a fiber-doped germanosilicate fiber laser through self Q-switched mode-locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125102 (2014).
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Lee, J. H.

J. Lee, M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “A saturable absorber based on bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber for a 1.93 µm, mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(6), 065104 (2017).
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J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
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M. Jung, J. Lee, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and J. H. Lee, “Burst-mode pulse generation from a fiber-doped germanosilicate fiber laser through self Q-switched mode-locking,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(12), 125102 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, J. Y. Kim, and J. H. Lee, “Self-q-switching of a bismuth-doped germanosilicate fiber laser operating at 1.46 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Legeais, J. M.

C. Crotti, F. Deloison, F. Alahyane, F. Aptel, L. Kowalczuk, J. M. Legeais, D. A. Peyrot, M. Savoldelli, and K. Plamann, “Wavelength optimization in femtosecond laser corneal surgery,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 54(5), 3340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

Lingle, R. L.

M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
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Liu, M. C.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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Lobach, I. A.

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
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Lobanov, A.

Luo, A. P.

G. K. Zhao, W. Lin, H. J. Chen, Y. K. Lv, X. M. Tan, Z. M. Yang, V. M. Mashinsky, A. Krylov, A. P. Luo, H. Cui, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, and E. M. Dianov, “Dissipative soliton resonance in Bismuth-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20923–20931 (2017).
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A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
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Luo, J.

M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
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Luo, Z. C.

G. K. Zhao, W. Lin, H. J. Chen, Y. K. Lv, X. M. Tan, Z. M. Yang, V. M. Mashinsky, A. Krylov, A. P. Luo, H. Cui, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, and E. M. Dianov, “Dissipative soliton resonance in Bismuth-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20923–20931 (2017).
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A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
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Lv, Y. K.

Ma, Z.

Macintosh, B.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
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Maeda, Y.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, K. Ohta, S. Aozasa, T. Tanaka, K. Senda, Y. Maeda, O. Koyama, and J. Ono, “1.7 µm band optical fiber amplifier,” in OFC Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Tu2D.3.

Marcinkevicius, S.

Mashinsky, V. M.

G. K. Zhao, W. Lin, H. J. Chen, Y. K. Lv, X. M. Tan, Z. M. Yang, V. M. Mashinsky, A. Krylov, A. P. Luo, H. Cui, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, and E. M. Dianov, “Dissipative soliton resonance in Bismuth-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(17), 20923–20931 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Bi-doped all-fiber ring laser based on nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 601–605 (2011).
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V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
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V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Yb-Bi pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 451–453 (2007).
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E. M. Dianov, A. A. Krylov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, P. G. Kryukov, O. G. Okhotnikov, and M. Guina, “Mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1807–1808 (2007).
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E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, “CW bismuth fiber laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
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V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibers,” in ECOC 2005 Proceedings, (Glasgow, UK, 2005), 4, 949–950, paper Th 3.3.5.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Yellow frequency-doubled bismuth fiber laser,” ECOC 2006, 1–2.

Max, C. E.

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, and K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

V. M. Paramonov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, S. V. Firstov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Continuous-wave bismuth fibre laser tunable from 1.65 to 1.8 µm,” Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1091–1093 (2017).
[Crossref]

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V. M. Paramonov, M. I. Belovolov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, M. A. Mel’kumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fibre laser continuously tunable within the range from 1.36 to 1.51 µm,” Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1068–1070 (2016).
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E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
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A. Khegai, M. Melkumov, S. Firstov, K. Riumkin, Y. Gladush, S. Alyshev, A. Lobanov, V. Khopin, F. Afanasiev, A. G. Nasibulin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fiber laser at 1.32µm mode-locked by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 26(18), 23911–23917 (2018).
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T. Noronen, M. Melkumov, D. Stolyarov, V. F. Khopin, E. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “All-fiber fiber system for femtosecond pulse generation, compression, and energy scaling,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2217–2220 (2015).
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K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. V. Kharakhordin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Performance of 1.73 µm Superluminescent Source Based on Bismuth-Doped Fiber Under Various Temperature Conditions and γ-Irradiation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(19), 4114–4119 (2017).
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J. Rissanen, D. A. Korobko, I. O. Zolotovsky, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and R. Gumenyuk, “Infiltrated bunch of solitons in Bi-doped frequency-shifted feed-back fiber laser operated at 1450 nm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 44194 (2017).
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J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
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D. A. Korobko, R. Gumenyuk, I. O. Zolotovskii, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Multisoliton complexes in fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 593–609 (2014).
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K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Superfluorescent 1.44 µm fibre-doped fiber source,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4817–4819 (2012).
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R. Gumenyuk, J. Puustinen, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1.32 µm mode-locked fiber-doped fiber laser operating in anomalous and normal dispersion regimes,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4005–4007 (2013).
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N. K. Thipparapu, C. Guo, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, A. Taranta, and J. K. Sahu, “Bismuth-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser operating at 1340  nm,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5102–5105 (2017).
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S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600–1800  nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
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A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
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I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300–1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
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K. Wang, N. G. Horton, and C. Xu, “Going Deep: Brain Imaging with Multi-Photon Microscopy,” Opt. Photonics News 24(11), 32–39 (2013).
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Proc. SPIE (2)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014 (2010).
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A. M. Khegai, M. A. Melkumova, K. E. Riumkina, V. F. Khopinc, F. V. Afanasievc, D. V. Myasnikovd, and E. M. Dianova, “Figure-of-eight fiber doped fiber laser operating at 1.3 microns in dissipative soliton regime,” Proc. SPIE 10083, 100830A (2017).
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V. M. Paramonov, M. I. Belovolov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, M. A. Mel’kumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped fibre laser continuously tunable within the range from 1.36 to 1.51 µm,” Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1068–1070 (2016).
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E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel’kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300-1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
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E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers emitting in a spectral region of 1.3 µm,” Quantum Electron. 38(7), 615–617 (2008).
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E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bi-doped fibre lasers operating in the range 1470–1550 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(4), 299–301 (2009).
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M. A. Melkumov, V. Mikhailov, A. M. Khegai, K. E. Riumkin, S. V. Firstov, F. V. Afanasiev, A. N. Guryanov, M. F. Yan, Y. Sun, J. Luo, G. S. Puc, S. D. Shenk, R. S. Windeler, P. S. Westbrook, R. L. Lingle, D. J. DiGiovanni, and E. M. Dianov, “25 Gb s-1 data transmission using a bismuth-doped fiber amplifier with a gain peak shifted to 1300 nm,” Quantum Electron. 48(11), 989–992 (2018).
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V. M. Paramonov, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, S. V. Firstov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Continuous-wave bismuth fibre laser tunable from 1.65 to 1.8 µm,” Quantum Electron. 47(12), 1091–1093 (2017).
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S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “A 23dB bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for a 1700-nm band,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 28939 (2016).
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S. D. Emami, M. M. Dashtabi, H. J. Lee, A. S. Arabanian, and H. A. Rashid, “1700nm and 1800nm band tunable thulium doped mode-locked fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 12747 (2017).
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T. Noronen, S. Firstov, E. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “1700nm dispersion managed mode-locked fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 24876 (2016).
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I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. I. Skvortsov, E. V. Podivilov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Narrowband random lasing in a bismuth-doped active fiber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30083 (2016).
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R. Gumenyuk, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, E. M. Dianov, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of absorption recovery in bismuth-doped silica glass at 1450 nm on soliton grouping in fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 7044 (2015).
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J. Rissanen, D. A. Korobko, I. O. Zolotovsky, M. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, and R. Gumenyuk, “Infiltrated bunch of solitons in Bi-doped frequency-shifted feed-back fiber laser operated at 1450 nm,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 44194 (2017).
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Figures (13)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Output power and slope efficiency of Bi-doped aluminosilicate fiber lasers in the wavelength band from 1140-1220 nm [25,2936].
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The absorption spectrum of BASF [38].
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Schematic of BASF amplifier (b) ASE spectra for 1047 and 1120 nm pump wavelengths (Pump power: 350 mW) [38].
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Gain with pump power at 1180 nm for a 100 m long fiber with a signal power of -4dBm (b) Loss variation in BDF for single 1120 nm pumping (blue line) and for 1120 nm + 1047 nm pumping (red line) by varying the power of 1047 nm pump while operating the 1120 nm pump at its maximum power of 350 mW [38].
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Output power and slope efficiency of Bi-doped fiber lasers in the wavelength band from 1250-1550 nm [3943]
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Schematic experimental set up of BPSF ring laser (b) Output power in BPSF laser with a launched pump power for 50% FBG reflectivity with 70 m long fiber (Pump and laser wavelengths: 1270 nm and 1340 nm).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Schematic experimental setup of a tunable Bi-doped fiber laser (b) Spectra of the tunable Bi-doped fiber laser from 1317 nm to 1375 nm with 5 nm spacing between 1320-1375 nm.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Bi-doped fiber amplifier: (a) Schematic experimental setup for single and double pass configuration, and (b) gain characteristics with a flat gain of 22 ± 1 dB from 1320-1360 nm in single pass configuration.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Gain and NF characteristics for -10dBm input signal, of 152 m long BDF in double pass configuration with a pump power of 763 mW (1270nm-385 mW, 1240nm-378 mW) [51].
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Pulse width and repetition rate of Bi-doped pulsed lasers in the wavelength band from 1150-1180 nm (GVD: group velocity dispersion) [6370,72].
Fig. 11.
Fig. 11. Pulse width and repetition rate of Bi-doped pulsed fiber lasers in the wavelength band from 1300-1500 nm [7481].
Fig. 12.
Fig. 12. (a) Schematic experimental setup of mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser (inset shows the pulse spectrum of ML-BDFL at 175 mW pump power) (b) pulse width variation with a pump power of 25 m long BDF for a 1270 nm laser diode pumping [82].
Fig. 13.
Fig. 13. (a) Optical spectrum (b) RF spectrum of the ML-BDFL at a pump power of 335 mW for a 25 m long Bi-doped fiber (c) the sech2 fitting of the autocorrelation trace [82].

Tables (3)

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Table 1. Small signal loss and UL at 1120 and 1047 nm pump wavelengths [38]

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Table 2. UL and OH influence on performance of BPSF

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Table 3. Absorption and UL of high concentration Bi-doped phosphosilicate fibers

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