Abstract

A black arsenic-phosphorus saturable absorber (SA) was fabricated and experimentally applied for a passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser for the first time to the best of our knowledge. The high-quality black arsenic-phosphorus crystals were synthesized by the mineralizer-assisted chemical vapor transport (CVT) method, and the fewer-layer black arsenic-phosphorus thin film nanosheet SA was performed by a unique electrochemical delamination exfoliation procedure. Meanwhile, a stable passively Q-switched pulse was proposed based on the SA modified Er-doped ring fiber cavity, which had the repetition rate of 38.47 kHz, corresponding to a minimum pulse width of 5.26 µs, and a corresponding output power as high as 3.68 mW was obtained. The results suggest that black arsenic-phosphorus is a good choice to make practical two-dimensional saturable absorbers for potential ultrafast photonic applications due to its designable bandgap value and excellent optical characteristics.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (7)

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, “2D noncarbon materials-based nonlinear optical devices for ultrafast photonics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(2), 020004 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, N. Dong, C. Cheng, L. Xu, M. Chen, J. Wang, and F. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of graphene by silver-based nanoparticle modification for pulsed lasing,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(5), 1368–1377 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Yu, X. Wu, Y. Wang, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “2D Materials for Optical Modulation: Challenges and Opportunities,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606128 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Pawliszewska, Y. Ge, Z. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Sotor, “Fundamental and harmonic mode-locking at 2.1 µm with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25(15), 16916–16921 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

H. Yu, X. Zheng, K. Yin, X. a. Cheng, and T. Jiang, “Nanosecond passively Q-switched thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser based on black phosphorus nanoplatelets,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 603–609 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Chu, J. Liu, Z. Guo, and H. Zhang, “2 µm passively Q-switched laser based on black phosphorus,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2374–2379 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xie, L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, J. Li, X. Su, J. Ning, and K. Yang, “Exfoliated layers of black phosphorus as saturable absorber for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(16), 3691–3694 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 um,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, I. Pasternak, A. Krajewska, W. Strupinski, and K. M. Abramski, “Multilayer graphene-based saturable absorbers with scalable modulation depth for mode-locked Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(12), 2884–2894 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

O. Osters, T. Nilges, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, R. Weihrich, M. Schöneich, and P. Schmidt, “Synthesis and Identification of Metastable Compounds: Black Arsenic—Science or Fiction?” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51(12), 2994–2997 (2012).
[Crossref]

Abbas, A. N.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

Akinwande, D.

W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bachhuber, F.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Osters, T. Nilges, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, R. Weihrich, M. Schöneich, and P. Schmidt, “Synthesis and Identification of Metastable Compounds: Black Arsenic—Science or Fiction?” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51(12), 2994–2997 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bai, T.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Blom, P. W. M.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cai, B.

M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

Chen, M.

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. H.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

Cheng, H.-M.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X. a.

Cheung, C.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Choi, C.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
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W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
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E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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Dunn, B. S.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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Fang, X.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
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S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
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S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
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M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
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M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
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B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
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Goorsky, M. S.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
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B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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S. Yu, X. Wu, Y. Wang, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “2D Materials for Optical Modulation: Challenges and Opportunities,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606128 (2017).
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W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
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M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
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He, T.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
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M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
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M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
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R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
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B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
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Jiang, T.

Jin, X.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
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R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
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X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
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R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
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Y. Xie, L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
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B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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Krajewska, A.

Lange, M.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
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Lee, Y. H.

W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
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Li, J.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
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B. Zhang, F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, J. Li, X. Su, J. Ning, and K. Yang, “Exfoliated layers of black phosphorus as saturable absorber for ultrafast solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(16), 3691–3694 (2015).
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M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
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L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
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Li, S.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
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Li, Z.

Liao, Z.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
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S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
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J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
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X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
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Liu, B.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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Liu, E.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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Liu, J.

Lohe, M. R.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
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S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
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Long, M.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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Lu, W.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
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Miao, F.

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
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M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
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H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
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S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
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Narayan, R.

R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
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Nilges, T.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
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Ott, C.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
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Ozolinš, V.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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Pan, C.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
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Pan, Z.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pasternak, I.

Pawliszewska, M.

Pielnhofer, F.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Osters, T. Nilges, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, R. Weihrich, M. Schöneich, and P. Schmidt, “Synthesis and Identification of Metastable Compounds: Black Arsenic—Science or Fiction?” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51(12), 2994–2997 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pisula, W.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

Poust, S.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
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Premaratne, M.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qian, L.

Qiaoliang, B.

X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qin, Z.

Y. Xie, L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 um,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ren, H.

J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ren, W.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ricciardulli, A. G.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
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Sasikala, S. P.

R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
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Schmidt, P.

O. Osters, T. Nilges, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, R. Weihrich, M. Schöneich, and P. Schmidt, “Synthesis and Identification of Metastable Compounds: Black Arsenic—Science or Fiction?” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51(12), 2994–2997 (2012).
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Schöneich, M.

O. Osters, T. Nilges, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, R. Weihrich, M. Schöneich, and P. Schmidt, “Synthesis and Identification of Metastable Compounds: Black Arsenic—Science or Fiction?” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51(12), 2994–2997 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

Song, J.

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

Streit, D. C.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Strupinski, W.

Su, R.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Su, X.

Sun, B.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, C.

J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
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Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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Tice, J.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tong, L.

S. Yu, X. Wu, Y. Wang, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “2D Materials for Optical Modulation: Challenges and Opportunities,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606128 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tuo, M.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, N. Dong, C. Cheng, L. Xu, M. Chen, J. Wang, and F. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical response of graphene by silver-based nanoparticle modification for pulsed lasing,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(5), 1368–1377 (2018).
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Wang, P.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yu, X. Wu, Y. Wang, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “2D Materials for Optical Modulation: Challenges and Opportunities,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606128 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weihrich, R.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Osters, T. Nilges, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, R. Weihrich, M. Schöneich, and P. Schmidt, “Synthesis and Identification of Metastable Compounds: Black Arsenic—Science or Fiction?” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51(12), 2994–2997 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wu, H.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

S. Yu, X. Wu, Y. Wang, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “2D Materials for Optical Modulation: Challenges and Opportunities,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606128 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xia, F.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Q.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

Y. Xie, L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 um,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, M.

M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

Y. Xie, L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xinliang, W.

X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xue, Y.

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

Yang, L.

J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ye, G. J.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yijun, X.

X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yin, K.

Young, E. P.

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

Yu, L.

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, Q.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

S. Yu, X. Wu, Y. Wang, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “2D Materials for Optical Modulation: Challenges and Opportunities,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606128 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, W.

X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J.

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, P.

Yuegang, Z.

X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Pawliszewska, Y. Ge, Z. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Sotor, “Fundamental and harmonic mode-locking at 2.1 µm with black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25(15), 16916–16921 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Chu, J. Liu, Z. Guo, and H. Zhang, “2 µm passively Q-switched laser based on black phosphorus,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2374–2379 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 um,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Y. Xie, L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, R.

Zhao, X.

J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

Zhou, C.

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zschech, E.

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

2D Mater. (1)

R. Jain, R. Narayan, S. P. Sasikala, K. E. Lee, H. J. Jung, and S. O. Kim, “Phosphorene for energy and catalytic application—filling the gap between graphene and 2D metal chalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 4(4), 042006 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Nano Mater. (1)

E. P. Young, J. Park, T. Bai, C. Choi, R. H. DeBlock, M. Lange, S. Poust, J. Tice, C. Cheung, B. S. Dunn, M. S. Goorsky, V. Ozolinš, D. C. Streit, and V. Gambin, “Wafer-Scale Black Arsenic–Phosphorus Thin-Film Synthesis Validated with Density Functional Perturbation Theory Predictions,” ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 1(9), 4737–4745 (2018).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (2)

H. Mu, Z. Wang, J. Yuan, S. Xiao, C. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Xue, H. Zhang, and Q. Bao, “Graphene–Bi2Te3 Heterostructure as Saturable Absorber for Short Pulse Generation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 832–841 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Tuo, C. Xu, H. Mu, X. Bao, Y. Wang, S. Xiao, W. Ma, L. Li, D. Tang, H. Zhang, M. Premaratne, B. Sun, H.-M. Cheng, S. Li, W. Ren, and Q. Bao, “Ultrathin 2D Transition Metal Carbides for Ultrafast Pulsed Fiber Lasers,” ACS Photonics 5(5), 1808–1816 (2018).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

S. Yu, X. Wu, Y. Wang, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “2D Materials for Optical Modulation: Challenges and Opportunities,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1606128 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Liu, M. Köpf, A. N. Abbas, X. Wang, Q. Guo, Y. Jia, F. Xia, R. Weihrich, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, H. Wang, R. Dhall, S. B. Cronin, M. Ge, X. Fang, T. Nilges, and C. Zhou, “Black Arsenic–Phosphorus: Layered Anisotropic Infrared Semiconductors with Highly Tunable Compositions and Properties,” Adv. Mater. 27(30), 4423–4429 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Xu, Z. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Huang, Q. Xiao, H. Zhang, and X. Yu, “Solvothermal Synthesis and Ultrafast Photonics of Black Phosphorus Quantum Dots,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1223–1229 (2016).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. (1)

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem. 130(17), 4767–4771 (2018).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. (2)

O. Osters, T. Nilges, F. Bachhuber, F. Pielnhofer, R. Weihrich, M. Schöneich, and P. Schmidt, “Synthesis and Identification of Metastable Compounds: Black Arsenic—Science or Fiction?” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51(12), 2994–2997 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Yang, K. Zhang, A. G. Ricciardulli, P. Zhang, Z. Liao, M. R. Lohe, E. Zschech, P. W. M. Blom, W. Pisula, K. Müllen, and X. Feng, “A Delamination Strategy for Thinly Layered Defect-Free High-Mobility Black Phosphorus Flakes,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 57(17), 4677–4681 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Mater. Today (1)

W. Choi, N. Choudhary, G. H. Han, J. Park, D. Akinwande, and Y. H. Lee, “Recent development of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides and their applications,” Mater. Today 20(3), 116–130 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Energy (1)

M. Xie, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Huang, Y. Zou, B. Guo, Y. Gu, and H. Zeng, “A promising two-dimensional solar cell donor: Black arsenic–phosphorus monolayer with 1.54 eV direct bandgap and mobility exceeding 14,000cm2V−1s−1,” Nano Energy 28, 433–439 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale Adv. (1)

T. Wang, X. Jin, J. Yang, J. Wu, Q. Yu, Z. Pan, H. Wu, J. Li, R. Su, J. Xu, K. Zhang, T. He, and P. Zhou, “Ultra-stable Pulse Generation in Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Black Phosphorus,” Nanoscale Adv. 1(1), 195–202 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

L. Yu, Z. Zhu, A. Gao, J. Wang, F. Miao, Y. Shi, and X. Wang, “Electrically tunable optical properties of few-layer black arsenic phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(48), 484001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. Xie, L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Sun, N. Lin, H. Ren, C. Tang, L. Yang, and X. Zhao, “The electronic structure, mechanical flexibility and carrier mobility of black arsenic-phosphorus monolayers: a first principles study,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(14), 9779–9787 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

M. Long, A. Gao, P. Wang, H. Xia, C. Ott, C. Pan, Y. Fu, E. Liu, X. Chen, W. Lu, T. Nilges, J. Xu, X. Wang, W. Hu, and F. Miao, “Room temperature high-detectivity mid-infrared photodetectors based on black arsenic phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 3(6), e1700589 (2017).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

X. Yijun, Y. Jian, F. Linfeng, W. Xinliang, B. Qiaoliang, W. Yu, Z. Kai, and Z. Yuegang, “Selenium-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Responsivity 2D Photodetectors,” Small 12(36), 5000–5007 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Crystal structure of b-As0.83P0.17: Top view and side view.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a,b) Photographs of b-As0.83P0.17 membrane fabricated by filtering. (c) The SEM image of the membrane.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Schematic illustration of the liquid-phase electrochemical exfoliation procedure. (b) The typical structures of b-As0.83P0.17 crystals before exfoliation and after exfoliation. (c) The TEM micrograph of a b-As0.83P0.17 flake. (d) High-resolution TEM (HRTEM) image of the as-exfoliated b-As0.83P0.17 flake. (e) The corresponding selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern of the b-As0.83P0.17 flake.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Characteristics of b-As0.83P0.17 flakes synthesized by electrochemical exfoliation method. (a, b) An optical photograph and atomic force microscopy (AFM) image of a b-As0.83P0.17 flake on the Si substrate with 285 nm SiO2. (c) Plots of infrared absorption of b-As0.83P0.17 flakes with an optical band gap of 0.159 eV. (d, e) X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and Raman spectra of b-As0.83P0.17 flakes compared with pure BP crystals. (f) Representative X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) spectra of b-As0.83P0.17 flakes.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) SEM image of a b-As0.83P0.17 flake and its EDX elemental mapping of As L (b) and P K (c).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Nonlinear transmission of the b-As0.83P0.17 thin film under different incident power intensities.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Schematic illustration of the Er-doped all-fiber ring cavity pulse laser based on b-As0.83P0.17 SA. LD: laser diode; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; EDF: Er-doped fiber; ISO: polarization-independent isolator; PC: polarization controller; SA: saturable absorber; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; PD: photodetector.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Properties of the output pulse: (a) output power at different pump power. (b) optical spectrum of the laser. (c) repetition rate and pulse duration versus the pump power. (d) pulse energy and peak power versus the pump power.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Characteristics of the Q-switched pulse: (a) pulse train. (b) pulse duration. (c) radio frequency (RF) spectrum. (d) RF spectrum in a large range of 230 kHz.

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