Abstract

We present experimental results on the effects of isothermal and isochronal heat treatments, cooling and heating rates in the temperature range 400–600 °C on the optical properties of the bismuth-related active centers (BACs) formed in glass with high GeO2 content. The results reported here provide evidence that a luminescence intensity increment is caused by an increase in the amount of the BACs, but is not related to the modification of the structure of the BACs itself. Analyzing the experimental data, it was determined that the cooling rate has no noticeable effect on the ratio between the number of the BACs and that of the non-laser-active ones responsible for the unsaturable loss. Finally, some discussion of the annealing behavior of the BACs is provided.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. K. Sahu, N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and M. N. Velazquez, “Amplifier and laser demonstrations in Bi-doped silica optical fibers,” in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Tu2A.2.
  5. Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  6. O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Veber, M. R. Cicconi, A. Puri, and D. de Ligny, “Optical properties and bismuth redox in Bi-doped high-silica Al−Si glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(34), 19777–19792 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  8. O. V. Laguta and I. M. Razdobreev, “Origin of near-infrared luminescence in Bismuth-doped silica and germanosilicate glass fibers: Crystal field modeling,” Opt. Mater. 84, 103–108 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  9. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi2O3-GeO2 and Bi2O3-SiO2 glasses: first-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(1), 163–168 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. X. Li, J. Cao, and M. Peng, “The origin of the heterogeneous distribution of bismuth in aluminosilicate laser glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(7), 2921–2929 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, V. Khopin, M. Melkumov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Photobleaching effect in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19226–19233 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  15. Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, A. Kharakhordin, K. Riumkin, and E. Dianov, “Laser-induced bleaching and thermo-stimulated recovery of luminescent centers in bismuth-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(9), 3422–3432 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Firstov, A. Kharakhordin, S. Alyshev, K. Riumkin, E. Firstova, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Formation of laser-active centers in bismuth-doped high-germania silica fibers by thermal treatment,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12363–12371 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7  µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.
  24. L. Nuccio, S. Agnello, and R. Boscaino, “Annealing of radiation induced oxygen deficient point defects in amorphous silicon dioxide: evidence for a distribution of the reaction activation energies,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20(38), 385215 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  25. D. L. Griscom, “On the natures of radiation-induced point defects in GeO2-SiO2 glasses: reevaluation of a 26-year-old ESR and optical data set,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 400–412 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2018 (7)

A. Veber, M. R. Cicconi, A. Puri, and D. de Ligny, “Optical properties and bismuth redox in Bi-doped high-silica Al−Si glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(34), 19777–19792 (2018).
[Crossref]

O. V. Laguta and I. M. Razdobreev, “Origin of near-infrared luminescence in Bismuth-doped silica and germanosilicate glass fibers: Crystal field modeling,” Opt. Mater. 84, 103–108 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Cao, and M. Peng, “The origin of the heterogeneous distribution of bismuth in aluminosilicate laser glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(7), 2921–2929 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, A. Kharakhordin, S. Alyshev, K. Riumkin, E. Firstova, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Formation of laser-active centers in bismuth-doped high-germania silica fibers by thermal treatment,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12363–12371 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (5)

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, A. Kharakhordin, K. Riumkin, and E. Dianov, “Laser-induced bleaching and thermo-stimulated recovery of luminescent centers in bismuth-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(9), 3422–3432 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

2014 (2)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2008 (1)

L. Nuccio, S. Agnello, and R. Boscaino, “Annealing of radiation induced oxygen deficient point defects in amorphous silicon dioxide: evidence for a distribution of the reaction activation energies,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20(38), 385215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Abramov, A. N.

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Afanas’ev, F. V.

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Agnello, S.

L. Nuccio, S. Agnello, and R. Boscaino, “Annealing of radiation induced oxygen deficient point defects in amorphous silicon dioxide: evidence for a distribution of the reaction activation energies,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20(38), 385215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Alyshev, S.

Alyshev, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7  µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Arion, V. B.

O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
[Crossref]

Barua, P.

J. K. Sahu, N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and M. N. Velazquez, “Amplifier and laser demonstrations in Bi-doped silica optical fibers,” in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Tu2A.2.

Boscaino, R.

L. Nuccio, S. Agnello, and R. Boscaino, “Annealing of radiation induced oxygen deficient point defects in amorphous silicon dioxide: evidence for a distribution of the reaction activation energies,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20(38), 385215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bouazaoui, M.

O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bufetova, G. A.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

X. Li, J. Cao, and M. Peng, “The origin of the heterogeneous distribution of bismuth in aluminosilicate laser glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(7), 2921–2929 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chormaic, S. N.

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chu, Y.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cicconi, M. R.

A. Veber, M. R. Cicconi, A. Puri, and D. de Ligny, “Optical properties and bismuth redox in Bi-doped high-silica Al−Si glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(34), 19777–19792 (2018).
[Crossref]

de Ligny, D.

A. Veber, M. R. Cicconi, A. Puri, and D. de Ligny, “Optical properties and bismuth redox in Bi-doped high-silica Al−Si glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(34), 19777–19792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7  µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi2O3-GeO2 and Bi2O3-SiO2 glasses: first-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(1), 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Ding, M.

El Hamzaoui, H.

O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fang, J.

Fang, Z.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Firstov, S.

Firstov, S. V.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7  µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Firstova, E.

Firstova, E. G.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gao, Z.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Griscom, D. L.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A.

Guryanov, A. N.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Hu, Q.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kharakhordin, A.

Kharakhordin, A. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

Khegai, A. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Khegay, A. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

Khopin, V.

Khopin, V. F.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Laguta, O. V.

O. V. Laguta and I. M. Razdobreev, “Origin of near-infrared luminescence in Bismuth-doped silica and germanosilicate glass fibers: Crystal field modeling,” Opt. Mater. 84, 103–108 (2018).
[Crossref]

O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lewis, E.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, J. Cao, and M. Peng, “The origin of the heterogeneous distribution of bismuth in aluminosilicate laser glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(7), 2921–2929 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M.

Melkumov, M. A.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7  µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Nishchev, K. N.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nuccio, L.

L. Nuccio, S. Agnello, and R. Boscaino, “Annealing of radiation induced oxygen deficient point defects in amorphous silicon dioxide: evidence for a distribution of the reaction activation energies,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20(38), 385215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.-D.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

Peng, M.

X. Li, J. Cao, and M. Peng, “The origin of the heterogeneous distribution of bismuth in aluminosilicate laser glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(7), 2921–2929 (2018).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Puri, A.

A. Veber, M. R. Cicconi, A. Puri, and D. de Ligny, “Optical properties and bismuth redox in Bi-doped high-silica Al−Si glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(34), 19777–19792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Razdobreev, I. M.

O. V. Laguta and I. M. Razdobreev, “Origin of near-infrared luminescence in Bismuth-doped silica and germanosilicate glass fibers: Crystal field modeling,” Opt. Mater. 84, 103–108 (2018).
[Crossref]

O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Riumkin, K.

Riumkin, K. E.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Watt-level, continuous-wave bismuth-doped all-fiber laser operating at 1.7  µm,” Opt. Lett. 40(18), 4360–4363 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Sahu, J. K.

J. K. Sahu, N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and M. N. Velazquez, “Amplifier and laser demonstrations in Bi-doped silica optical fibers,” in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Tu2A.2.

Shubin, A. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, V. O.

Sun, S.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Thipparapu, N. K.

J. K. Sahu, N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and M. N. Velazquez, “Amplifier and laser demonstrations in Bi-doped silica optical fibers,” in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Tu2A.2.

Tian, Y.

Umnikov, A. A.

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. K. Sahu, N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and M. N. Velazquez, “Amplifier and laser demonstrations in Bi-doped silica optical fibers,” in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Tu2A.2.

Varfolomeev, I. A.

Veber, A.

A. Veber, M. R. Cicconi, A. Puri, and D. de Ligny, “Optical properties and bismuth redox in Bi-doped high-silica Al−Si glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(34), 19777–19792 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vechkanov, N. N.

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

Vel’miskin, V. V.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Velazquez, M. N.

J. K. Sahu, N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and M. N. Velazquez, “Amplifier and laser demonstrations in Bi-doped silica optical fibers,” in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Tu2A.2.

Wang, P.

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wang, X.

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, Q.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Chu, Q. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Gao, Z. Fang, L. Liu, Q. Yan, Y. Liu, S. Sun, G.-D. Peng, E. Lewis, J. Ren, and J. Zhang, “Topological engineering of photoluminescence properties of bismuth- or erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass of arbitrary P2O5 to SiO2 ratio,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(13), 1800024 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, A. M. Khegai, A. M. Kharakhordin, M. A. Melkumov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-active fibers doped with bismuth for a wavelength region of 1.6–1.8 µm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(5), 1–15 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

X. Li, J. Cao, and M. Peng, “The origin of the heterogeneous distribution of bismuth in aluminosilicate laser glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(7), 2921–2929 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, E. G. Firstova, M. A. Melkumov, A. M. Khegay, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Dependence of the photobleaching on laser radiation wavelength in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers,” J. Lumin. 182, 87–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

A. Veber, M. R. Cicconi, A. Puri, and D. de Ligny, “Optical properties and bismuth redox in Bi-doped high-silica Al−Si glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 122(34), 19777–19792 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

L. Nuccio, S. Agnello, and R. Boscaino, “Annealing of radiation induced oxygen deficient point defects in amorphous silicon dioxide: evidence for a distribution of the reaction activation energies,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20(38), 385215 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

S. V. Firstov, E. G. Firstova, S. V. Alyshev, V. F. Khopin, K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Recovery of IR luminescence in photobleached bismuth-doped fibers by thermal annealing,” Laser Phys. 26(8), 084007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

O. V. Laguta and I. M. Razdobreev, “Origin of near-infrared luminescence in Bismuth-doped silica and germanosilicate glass fibers: Crystal field modeling,” Opt. Mater. 84, 103–108 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (3)

Photonics Res. (1)

Z. Fang, S. N. Chormaic, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Jiang, J. Qiu, and P. Wang, “Bismuth-doped glass microsphere lasers,” Photonics Res. 5(6), 740–744 (2017).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

O. V. Laguta, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, V. B. Arion, and I. M. Razdobreev, “On the nature of photoluminescence in Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 3178 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. K. Sahu, N. K. Thipparapu, A. A. Umnikov, P. Barua, and M. N. Velazquez, “Amplifier and laser demonstrations in Bi-doped silica optical fibers,” in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Tu2A.2.

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, F. V. Afanas’ev, A. M. Khegai, S. V. Alyshev, K. E. Riumkin, N. N. Vechkanov, A. N. Abramov, M. A. Melkumov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Unsaturable absorption in various Bi-doped optical fibers,” in Proc. Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS2017), 21–27 July 2017, Kazan, Russia, paper S8.3.2.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Absorption spectra of the Bi-doped pristine fiber and the fiber after heating to 550 °C and cooling down to room temperature.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Excitation-emission contour maps of pristine (a, b) and heat-treated (c, d) Bi-doped fibers.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Luminescence decay curves (λexc=975 nm) (a) and gain spectra (b) of Bi-doped fibers: 1) pristine; 2) after heating to 550 °C and cooling down to room temperature.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Transmission power at 1568 nm through a piece of Bi-doped fiber during the heating, annealing and cooling.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Normalized luminescence intensity evolution versus temperature for heating and cooling; annealing during 1 hour.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. a) Dependence of luminescence intensity at 1700nm on the heating rate; b) ratio of the active absorption and unsaturable loss versus approximate cooling rate.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Luminescence intensity centered at 1700nm as a function of the treatment time at different temperatures (isothermal heat treatment) (a) and treatment temperature (isochronal heat treatment) during 1 hour (b).

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