Abstract

We examined the relationship between defect formation in the UV region by X-ray irradiation and its luminescence properties of binary zinc phosphate glasses. The emergence of absorption bands in the UV region linearly increased on increasing the irradiation dose. For up to 10 Gy irradiation of X-ray from a tungsten source, the generated absorption bands disappeared after annealing at 350 °C. Moreover, the thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) intensity linearly increased on increasing the irradiation dose. There is a linear relationship between the peak area of TSL and that of the generated absorption bands. In contrast, the absorption, i.e., defect, generated by Cu-Ka 1000 Gy irradiation survived after annealing at 350 °C. The generated defects served as emission centers of photoluminescence (PL), which was confirmed by comparison between the optical absorption and PL excitation spectra.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(8-9), 1945–1962 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. M. El-Sayed, M. B. Watkins, V. V. Afanas’ev, and A. L. Shluger, “Nature of intrinsic and extrinsic electron trapping in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(12), 125201 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, and K. Kajihara, “Defects in oxide glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi 2(1), 15–24 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Qiu, N. Sugimoto, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, “Photostimulated luminescence in Ce3+-doped silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 209(1-2), 200–203 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+ -doped compounds: A review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Jain, B. Guralnik, and M. T. Andersen, “Stimulated luminescence emission from localized recombination in randomly distributed defects,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(38), 385402 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264, 240–250 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Awazu and H. Kawazoe, “Strained Si–O–Si bonds in amorphous materials: A family member of active centers in radio, photo, and chemical responses,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6243–6262 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  14. K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2-Na2O-CaO-P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2-3), 352–362 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  16. V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. L. Kraevskii and V. F. Solinov, “Interface models for the photochromism and thermochromism of glasses with nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316(2-3), 372–383 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Sheng, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “Easily recyclable coloured glass by x-ray irradiation induced coloration,” Glass Technol. 43, 238–244 (2002).
  19. P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “Influence of modifier cations on the radiation-induced effects of metaphosphate glasses,” Glass Sci. Technol. 76, 56–61 (2003).
  20. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of Tb3+ ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 18(4), 419–430 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of europium ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 351–363 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  22. P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “X-ray induced effects in phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 20(2), 101–111 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).
  24. S. Sadhasivam and N. P. Rajesh, “Structural and optical effects induced by gamma irradiation on NdPO4, X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic and luminescence study,” Mater. Res. Bull. 74, 117–123 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Vahedi, G. Okada, C. Koughia, R. Sammynaiken, A. Edgar, and S. Kasap, “ESR study of samarium doped fluorophosphate glasses for high-dose, high-resolution dosimetry,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1244–1256 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  29. H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Iwasaki, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “White light emission of Mn-doped SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass containing no rare earth cation,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2868–2870 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Correlation between emission property and concentration of Sn2+ center in the SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27319–27326 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  32. T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  33. R. A. Weeks and P. J. Bray, “Electron spin resonance spectra of gamma-ray-irradiated phosphate glasses and compounds: oxygen vacancies,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 5–13 (1968).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).

S. Sadhasivam and N. P. Rajesh, “Structural and optical effects induced by gamma irradiation on NdPO4, X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic and luminescence study,” Mater. Res. Bull. 74, 117–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, C. Koughia, R. Sammynaiken, A. Edgar, and S. Kasap, “ESR study of samarium doped fluorophosphate glasses for high-dose, high-resolution dosimetry,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1244–1256 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. M. El-Sayed, M. B. Watkins, V. V. Afanas’ev, and A. L. Shluger, “Nature of intrinsic and extrinsic electron trapping in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(12), 125201 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+ -doped compounds: A review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Correlation between emission property and concentration of Sn2+ center in the SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27319–27326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Jain, B. Guralnik, and M. T. Andersen, “Stimulated luminescence emission from localized recombination in randomly distributed defects,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(38), 385402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(8-9), 1945–1962 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Iwasaki, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “White light emission of Mn-doped SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass containing no rare earth cation,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2868–2870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2-Na2O-CaO-P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2-3), 352–362 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, and K. Kajihara, “Defects in oxide glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi 2(1), 15–24 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (4)

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. L. Kraevskii and V. F. Solinov, “Interface models for the photochromism and thermochromism of glasses with nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316(2-3), 372–383 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “Influence of modifier cations on the radiation-induced effects of metaphosphate glasses,” Glass Sci. Technol. 76, 56–61 (2003).

K. Awazu and H. Kawazoe, “Strained Si–O–Si bonds in amorphous materials: A family member of active centers in radio, photo, and chemical responses,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6243–6262 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of Tb3+ ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 18(4), 419–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of europium ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 351–363 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “X-ray induced effects in phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 20(2), 101–111 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Sheng, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “Easily recyclable coloured glass by x-ray irradiation induced coloration,” Glass Technol. 43, 238–244 (2002).

2000 (1)

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264, 240–250 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. Qiu, N. Sugimoto, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, “Photostimulated luminescence in Ce3+-doped silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 209(1-2), 200–203 (1997).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

R. A. Weeks and P. J. Bray, “Electron spin resonance spectra of gamma-ray-irradiated phosphate glasses and compounds: oxygen vacancies,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 5–13 (1968).
[Crossref]

1951 (1)

J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
[Crossref]

Afanas’ev, V. V.

A. M. El-Sayed, M. B. Watkins, V. V. Afanas’ev, and A. L. Shluger, “Nature of intrinsic and extrinsic electron trapping in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(12), 125201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Akai, T.

K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Alger, R. S.

J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
[Crossref]

Andersen, M. T.

M. Jain, B. Guralnik, and M. T. Andersen, “Stimulated luminescence emission from localized recombination in randomly distributed defects,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(38), 385402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Awazu, K.

K. Awazu and H. Kawazoe, “Strained Si–O–Si bonds in amorphous materials: A family member of active centers in radio, photo, and chemical responses,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6243–6262 (2003).
[Crossref]

Belev, G.

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bocharova, T. V.

T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bray, P. J.

R. A. Weeks and P. J. Bray, “Electron spin resonance spectra of gamma-ray-irradiated phosphate glasses and compounds: oxygen vacancies,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 5–13 (1968).
[Crossref]

Chapman, D.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ebeling, P.

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “Influence of modifier cations on the radiation-induced effects of metaphosphate glasses,” Glass Sci. Technol. 76, 56–61 (2003).

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “X-ray induced effects in phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 20(2), 101–111 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264, 240–250 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of europium ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 351–363 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of Tb3+ ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 18(4), 419–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

Edgar, A.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, C. Koughia, R. Sammynaiken, A. Edgar, and S. Kasap, “ESR study of samarium doped fluorophosphate glasses for high-dose, high-resolution dosimetry,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1244–1256 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ehrt, D.

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “Influence of modifier cations on the radiation-induced effects of metaphosphate glasses,” Glass Sci. Technol. 76, 56–61 (2003).

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of Tb3+ ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 18(4), 419–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of europium ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 351–363 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “X-ray induced effects in phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 20(2), 101–111 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264, 240–250 (2000).
[Crossref]

ElBatal, F. H.

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2-Na2O-CaO-P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2-3), 352–362 (2008).
[Crossref]

ElKheshen, A.

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2-Na2O-CaO-P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2-3), 352–362 (2008).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, A. M.

A. M. El-Sayed, M. B. Watkins, V. V. Afanas’ev, and A. L. Shluger, “Nature of intrinsic and extrinsic electron trapping in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(12), 125201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fleming, J. W.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[Crossref]

Friebele, E. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[Crossref]

Friedrich, M.

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “Influence of modifier cations on the radiation-induced effects of metaphosphate glasses,” Glass Sci. Technol. 76, 56–61 (2003).

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “X-ray induced effects in phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 20(2), 101–111 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, T.

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Correlation between emission property and concentration of Sn2+ center in the SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27319–27326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Iwasaki, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “White light emission of Mn-doped SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass containing no rare earth cation,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2868–2870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ginther, R. J.

J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
[Crossref]

Griscom, D. L.

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(8-9), 1945–1962 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[Crossref]

Guralnik, B.

M. Jain, B. Guralnik, and M. T. Andersen, “Stimulated luminescence emission from localized recombination in randomly distributed defects,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(38), 385402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirano, M.

L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, and K. Kajihara, “Defects in oxide glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi 2(1), 15–24 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Qiu, N. Sugimoto, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, “Photostimulated luminescence in Ce3+-doped silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 209(1-2), 200–203 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hobbs, L. W.

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hosono, H.

L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, and K. Kajihara, “Defects in oxide glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi 2(1), 15–24 (2005).
[Crossref]

Itakura, N.

K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Iwabuchi, Y.

J. Qiu, N. Sugimoto, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, “Photostimulated luminescence in Ce3+-doped silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 209(1-2), 200–203 (1997).
[Crossref]

Iwasaki, K.

Jain, M.

M. Jain, B. Guralnik, and M. T. Andersen, “Stimulated luminescence emission from localized recombination in randomly distributed defects,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(38), 385402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kadono, K.

K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Sheng, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “Easily recyclable coloured glass by x-ray irradiation induced coloration,” Glass Technol. 43, 238–244 (2002).

Kajihara, K.

L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, and K. Kajihara, “Defects in oxide glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi 2(1), 15–24 (2005).
[Crossref]

Karapetyan, G. O.

T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kasap, S.

G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, C. Koughia, R. Sammynaiken, A. Edgar, and S. Kasap, “ESR study of samarium doped fluorophosphate glasses for high-dose, high-resolution dosimetry,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1244–1256 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kawazoe, H.

K. Awazu and H. Kawazoe, “Strained Si–O–Si bonds in amorphous materials: A family member of active centers in radio, photo, and chemical responses,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6243–6262 (2003).
[Crossref]

Khalilev, V. D.

T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
[Crossref]

Klick, C. C.

J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
[Crossref]

Kohara, S.

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Konnai, A.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koreeda, A.

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koughia, C.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, C. Koughia, R. Sammynaiken, A. Edgar, and S. Kasap, “ESR study of samarium doped fluorophosphate glasses for high-dose, high-resolution dosimetry,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1244–1256 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kraevskii, S. L.

S. L. Kraevskii and V. F. Solinov, “Interface models for the photochromism and thermochromism of glasses with nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316(2-3), 372–383 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kurobori, T.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Levy, R. A.

J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
[Crossref]

Long, K. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[Crossref]

Masai, H.

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Correlation between emission property and concentration of Sn2+ center in the SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27319–27326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Iwasaki, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “White light emission of Mn-doped SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass containing no rare earth cation,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2868–2870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, S.

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Correlation between emission property and concentration of Sn2+ center in the SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27319–27326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Iwasaki, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “White light emission of Mn-doped SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass containing no rare earth cation,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2868–2870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mironov, A. M.

T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Morrell, B.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Muresan, D.

V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Muzar, E.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nagashima, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nanto, H.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Natura, U.

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264, 240–250 (2000).
[Crossref]

Neumann, M.

V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ohkubo, T.

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okada, G.

G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, C. Koughia, R. Sammynaiken, A. Edgar, and S. Kasap, “ESR study of samarium doped fluorophosphate glasses for high-dose, high-resolution dosimetry,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1244–1256 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Okamura, S.

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Onodera, Y.

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poelman, D.

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+ -doped compounds: A review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, N. Sugimoto, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, “Photostimulated luminescence in Ce3+-doped silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 209(1-2), 200–203 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rajesh, N. P.

S. Sadhasivam and N. P. Rajesh, “Structural and optical effects induced by gamma irradiation on NdPO4, X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic and luminescence study,” Mater. Res. Bull. 74, 117–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sadhasivam, S.

S. Sadhasivam and N. P. Rajesh, “Structural and optical effects induced by gamma irradiation on NdPO4, X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic and luminescence study,” Mater. Res. Bull. 74, 117–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sakakura, M.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sammynaiken, R.

Schulman, J. H.

J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
[Crossref]

Schweizer, S.

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

Secu, M.

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sheng, J.

J. Sheng, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “Easily recyclable coloured glass by x-ray irradiation induced coloration,” Glass Technol. 43, 238–244 (2002).

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shluger, A. L.

A. M. El-Sayed, M. B. Watkins, V. V. Afanas’ev, and A. L. Shluger, “Nature of intrinsic and extrinsic electron trapping in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(12), 125201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Simon, S.

V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Simon, V.

V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Skuja, L.

L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, and K. Kajihara, “Defects in oxide glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi 2(1), 15–24 (2005).
[Crossref]

Smet, P. F.

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+ -doped compounds: A review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solinov, V. F.

S. L. Kraevskii and V. F. Solinov, “Interface models for the photochromism and thermochromism of glasses with nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316(2-3), 372–383 (2003).
[Crossref]

Spaeth, J.-M.

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, N.

J. Qiu, N. Sugimoto, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, “Photostimulated luminescence in Ce3+-doped silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 209(1-2), 200–203 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tagil’tseva, N. O.

T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takács, F.

V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, Y.

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Iwasaki, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “White light emission of Mn-doped SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass containing no rare earth cation,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2868–2870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takei, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanimoto, T.

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Correlation between emission property and concentration of Sn2+ center in the SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27319–27326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tokuda, Y.

Torimoto, A.

G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).

Vahedi, S.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, C. Koughia, R. Sammynaiken, A. Edgar, and S. Kasap, “ESR study of samarium doped fluorophosphate glasses for high-dose, high-resolution dosimetry,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1244–1256 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van den Eeckhout, K.

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+ -doped compounds: A review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Varoy, C.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Varoy, C. R.

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

Watkins, M. B.

A. M. El-Sayed, M. B. Watkins, V. V. Afanas’ev, and A. L. Shluger, “Nature of intrinsic and extrinsic electron trapping in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(12), 125201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weeks, R. A.

R. A. Weeks and P. J. Bray, “Electron spin resonance spectra of gamma-ray-irradiated phosphate glasses and compounds: oxygen vacancies,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 5–13 (1968).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. V. M.

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wysokinski, T.

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, T.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, M.

K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yanagida, T.

G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yazawa, T.

K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Sheng, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “Easily recyclable coloured glass by x-ray irradiation induced coloration,” Glass Technol. 43, 238–244 (2002).

Yoko, T.

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Correlation between emission property and concentration of Sn2+ center in the SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27319–27326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, K. Iwasaki, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “White light emission of Mn-doped SnO-ZnO-P2O5 glass containing no rare earth cation,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2868–2870 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Masai, Y. Takahashi, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, and T. Yoko, “High photoluminescent property of low-melting Sn-doped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Express 3(8), 082102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Schweizer, L. W. Hobbs, M. Secu, J.-M. Spaeth, A. Edgar, and G. V. M. Williams, “Photostimulated luminescence in Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(3), 449–451 (2003).
[Crossref]

Glass Sci. Technol. (1)

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “Influence of modifier cations on the radiation-induced effects of metaphosphate glasses,” Glass Sci. Technol. 76, 56–61 (2003).

Glass Technol. (1)

J. Sheng, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “Easily recyclable coloured glass by x-ray irradiation induced coloration,” Glass Technol. 43, 238–244 (2002).

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

K. Awazu and H. Kawazoe, “Strained Si–O–Si bonds in amorphous materials: A family member of active centers in radio, photo, and chemical responses,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6243–6262 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. H. Schulman, R. J. Ginther, C. C. Klick, R. S. Alger, and R. A. Levy, “Dosimetry of X-rays and gamma-rays by radiophotoluminescence,” J. Appl. Phys. 22(12), 1479–1487 (1951).
[Crossref]

S. Vahedi, G. Okada, B. Morrell, E. Muzar, C. Koughia, A. Edgar, C. Varoy, G. Belev, T. Wysokinski, D. Chapman, and S. Kasap, “X-ray induced Sm3+ to Sm2+ conversion in fluorophosphate and fluoroaluminate glasses for the monitoring of high-doses in microbeam radiation therapy,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(7), 073108 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ceram. Process. Res. (1)

G. Okada, H. Masai, A. Torimoto, S. Kasap, and T. Yanagida, “X-ray induced effects in Sm3+-doped ZnO-P2O5 glass for radiation measurements,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 17, 148–151 (2016).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. A. Weeks and P. J. Bray, “Electron spin resonance spectra of gamma-ray-irradiated phosphate glasses and compounds: oxygen vacancies,” J. Chem. Phys. 48(1), 5–13 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (6)

H. Masai, T. Tanimoto, T. Fujiwara, S. Matsumoto, Y. Takahashi, Y. Tokuda, and T. Yoko, “Fabrication of Sn-doped zinc phosphate glass using a platinum crucible,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358(2), 265–269 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Edgar, C. R. Varoy, C. Koughia, G. Okada, G. Belev, and S. Kasap, “High-resolution X-ray imaging with samarium-doped fluoroaluminate and fluorophosphate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 377, 124–128 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Qiu, N. Sugimoto, Y. Iwabuchi, and K. Hirao, “Photostimulated luminescence in Ce3+-doped silicate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 209(1-2), 200–203 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(8-9), 1945–1962 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. L. Kraevskii and V. F. Solinov, “Interface models for the photochromism and thermochromism of glasses with nanocrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316(2-3), 372–383 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, and U. Natura, “UV transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoride-phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263–264, 240–250 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Jain, B. Guralnik, and M. T. Andersen, “Stimulated luminescence emission from localized recombination in randomly distributed defects,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24(38), 385402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. H. ElBatal and A. ElKheshen, “Preparation and characterization of some substituted bioglasses and their ceramic derivatives from the system SiO2-Na2O-CaO-P2O5 and effect of gamma irradiation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 110(2-3), 352–362 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

S. Sadhasivam and N. P. Rajesh, “Structural and optical effects induced by gamma irradiation on NdPO4, X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic and luminescence study,” Mater. Res. Bull. 74, 117–123 (2016).
[Crossref]

Materials (Basel) (1)

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+ -doped compounds: A review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

Y. Onodera, S. Kohara, H. Masai, A. Koreeda, S. Okamura, and T. Ohkubo, “Formation of metallic cation-oxygen network for anomalous thermal expansion coefficients in binary phosphate glass,” Nat. Commun. 8, 15449 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instum. Meth. B (1)

K. Kadono, N. Itakura, T. Akai, M. Yamashita, and T. Yazawa, “Effect of additive ions on the optical density and stability of the color centers induced by X-ray irradiation in soda-lime silicate glass,” Nucl. Instum. Meth. B 267(14), 2411–2415 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (4)

T. V. Bocharova, G. O. Karapetyan, A. M. Mironov, V. D. Khalilev, and N. O. Tagil’tseva, “Gamma-induced absorption spectra as a new method for RE-ion environment study in fluorophosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 28(11), 1296–1300 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of Tb3+ ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 18(4), 419–430 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and D. Ehrt, “Effect of europium ions on X-ray-induced defect formation in phosphate containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 19(3), 351–363 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Ebeling, D. Ehrt, and M. Friedrich, “X-ray induced effects in phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 20(2), 101–111 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (1)

A. M. El-Sayed, M. B. Watkins, V. V. Afanas’ev, and A. L. Shluger, “Nature of intrinsic and extrinsic electron trapping in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 89(12), 125201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

L. Skuja, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, and K. Kajihara, “Defects in oxide glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi 2(1), 15–24 (2005).
[Crossref]

Radiat. Meas. (1)

Y. Miyamoto, Y. Takei, H. Nanto, T. Kurobori, A. Konnai, T. Yanagida, A. Yoshikawa, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, K. Hirao, Y. Nagashima, and T. Yamamoto, “Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass,” Radiat. Meas. 46(12), 1480–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Solid State Ion. (1)

V. Simon, D. Muresan, F. Takács, M. Neumann, and S. Simon, “Local order changes induced in calcium- sodium-phosphate glasses by transition metals,” Solid State Ion. 178(3–4), 221–225 (2007).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) PL-PLE contour plot of the ZP glass. Upper figure shows PL spectra of the ZP glass excited by 5.9 eV (210 nm) that is indicated by using a dotted line in the contour plot. (b) X-ray (tungsten source)-induced scintillation spectra of the ZP glass with different irradiation doses.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Optical absorption spectra of ZP glass after different X-ray (tungsten source) irradiation doses. (b) Optical absorption spectra of the 10 Gy X-ray irradiated ZP glass after annealing. The X-ray irradiation and annealing processes were done twice in order to check reproducibility. Inset shows reproducibility of difference absorption spectra. (c) Difference absorption spectra of ZP glass after different irradiation doses, which are obtained by subtracting the spectrum of non-irradiated ZP glass. (d) Difference of absorption area induced by X-ray irradiation as a function of irradiation doses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) TSL glow curves of ZP glass after different X-ray (tungsten source) irradiation doses. (b) TSL peak area as a function of irradiation doses.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Relationship between the TSL peak area and the difference of absorption area induced by X-ray irradiation.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Optical absorption spectra of ZP glass after X-ray (Cu-Kα) irradiation at different durations. (b) Optical absorption spectra of ZP glass after annealing of the ZP glass irradiated by Cu-K irradiation for 30 min and TSL measurement. The spectrum of non-irradiated glass is also shown for comparison.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Comparison of the optical absorption and PLE spectra of 3.76 eV-emission of two ZP glasses: ZP glass with 30 min Cu-Kα irradiation followed by annealing, and non-irradiated ZP mother glass. Dashed lines and solid lines indicate PLE spectra and optical absorption spectra, respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 ESR spectra of ZP glass with 30 min Cu-Kα (40 kV, 40 mA) irradiation, ZP glass with 30 min Cu-Kα (40 kV, 15 mA) irradiation followed by annealing, and ZP glass with no X-ray irradiation.

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