Abstract

Sustainable architecture requires development of new materials with tailored optical, mechanical, and thermal properties to provide both aesthetic appeal and energy-saving functionalities. Polymers and polymer-based composites emerge as promising lightweight and conformable materials whose optical spectra can be engineered to achieve both goals. Here, we report on the development of new types of organic-inorganic films composed of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene with a variety of organic and inorganic nano- and micro-scale inclusions. The films simultaneously provide ultra-light weight, conformability, either visual coloring or transparency on demand, and passive thermal management via both conduction and radiation. The lightweight semi-crystalline polymer matrix yields thermal conductivity exceeding that of many metals, allowing for the lateral heat spreading and hot spots mitigation in the cases of partial illumination of films by sunlight. It also yields excellent broadband transparency, allowing for the opportunities to shape the spectral response of composite materials via targeted addition of inclusions with tailored optical spectra. We demonstrate a variety of dark- and bright-colored composite samples that exhibit reduced temperatures under direct illumination by sunlight, and outline strategies for materials design to further improve material performance.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (13)

E. M. Strobach and S. V. Boriskina, “Daylighting,” Opt. Photonics News 29(11), 24 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. A. Weinstein, K. McEnaney, E. Strobach, S. Yang, B. Bhatia, L. Zhao, Y. Huang, J. Loomis, F. Cao, S. V. Boriskina, Z. Ren, E. N. Wang, and G. Chen, “A Hybrid Electric and Thermal Solar Receiver,” Joule 2(5), 962–975 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, T. Zhang, A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Peng, J. Chen, A. Y. Song, P. B. Catrysse, P.-C. Hsu, L. Cai, B. Liu, Y. Zhu, G. Zhou, D. S. Wu, H. R. Lee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanoporous polyethylene microfibres for large-scale radiative cooling fabric,” Nat. Sustain. 1(2), 105–112 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Mandal, Y. Fu, A. C. Overvig, M. Jia, K. Sun, N. N. Shi, H. Zhou, X. Xiao, N. Yu, and Y. Yang, “Hierarchically porous polymer coatings for highly efficient passive daytime radiative cooling,” Science 362(6412), 315–319 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Y. Shi, Z. Chen, and S. Fan, “Photonic thermal management of coloured objects,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4240 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Ruiz-Clavijo, Y. Tsurimaki, O. Caballero-Calero, G. Ni, G. Chen, S. V. Boriskina, and M. Martín-González, “Engineering a Full Gamut of Structural Colors in All-Dielectric Mesoporous Network Metamaterials,” ACS Photonics 5(6), 2120–2128 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Takebayashi, Takebayashi, and Hideki, “A simple method to evaluate adaptation measures for urban heat island,” Environments 5(6), 70 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Bhatia, A. Leroy, Y. Shen, L. Zhao, M. Gianello, D. Li, T. Gu, J. Hu, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “Passive directional sub-ambient daytime radiative cooling,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 5001 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. N. Muhonja, H. Makonde, G. Magoma, and M. Imbuga, “Biodegradability of polyethylene by bacteria and fungi from Dandora dumpsite Nairobi-Kenya,” PLoS One 13(7), e0198446 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. A. Kim and S. J. Kim, “Wear comfort properties of ZrC/Al2O3/graphite-embedded, heat-storage woven fabrics for garments,” Text. Res. J.,  2018, 004051751877068 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Balocco, L. Mercatelli, N. Azzali, M. Meucci, and G. Grazzini, “Experimental transmittance of polyethylene films in the solar and infrared wavelengths,” Sol. Energy 165, 199–205 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (10)

S. V. Boriskina, H. Zandavi, B. Song, Y. Huang, and G. Chen, “Heat is the new light,” Opt. Photonics News 28, 26–33 (2017).

N. H. Thomas, Z. Chen, S. Fan, and A. J. Minnich, “Semiconductor-based multilayer selective solar absorber for unconcentrated solar thermal energy conversion,” Sci. Rep. 7(5), 5362 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Romano, N. Tops, J. Bos, and S. Rastogi, “Correlation between thermal and mechanical response of nascent semicrystalline UHMWPEs,” Macromolecules 50(5), 2033–2042 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhai, Y. Ma, S. N. David, D. Zhao, R. Lou, G. Tan, R. Yang, and X. Yin, “Scalable-manufactured randomized glass-polymer hybrid metamaterial for daytime radiative cooling,” Science 355(6329), 1062–1066 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Kou, Z. Jurado, Z. Chen, S. Fan, and A. J. Minnich, “Daytime radiative cooling using near-black infrared emitters,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 626–630 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Cai, A. Y. Song, P. Wu, P.-C. Hsu, Y. Peng, J. Chen, C. Liu, P. B. Catrysse, Y. Liu, A. Yang, C. Zhou, C. Zhou, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Warming up human body by nanoporous metallized polyethylene textile,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 496 (2017).
[Crossref]

P.-C. Hsu, C. Liu, A. Y. Song, Z. Zhang, Y. Peng, J. Xie, K. Liu, C.-L. Wu, P. B. Catrysse, L. Cai, S. Zhai, A. Majumdar, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A dual-mode textile for human body radiative heating and cooling,” Sci. Adv. 3(11), e1700895 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. McEnaney, L. Weinstein, D. Kraemer, H. Ghasemi, and G. Chen, “Aerogel-based solar thermal receivers,” Nano Energy 40, 180–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, Y. Sun, Z. Zhou, M. A. Alam, and P. Bermel, “Radiative sky cooling: fundamental physics, materials, structures, and applications,” Nanophotonics 6(5), 997–1015 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, “Optics on the Go,” Opt. Photonics News 28(9), 34 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (12)

F. Cao, Y. Huang, L. Tang, T. Sun, S. V. Boriskina, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “Toward a high-efficient utilization of solar radiation by quad-band solar spectral splitting,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10659–10663 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Smith, A. Gentle, M. Arnold, and M. Cortie, “Nanophotonics-enabled smart windows, buildings and wearables,” Nanophotonics 5(1), 55–73 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. M. Hossain and M. Gu, “Radiative cooling: principles, progress, and potentials,” Adv. Sci. 3(7), 1500360 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, “Nanoporous fabrics could keep you cool,” Science 353(6303), 986–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

P.-C. Hsu, A. Y. Song, P. B. Catrysse, C. Liu, Y. Peng, J. Xie, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Radiative human body cooling by nanoporous polyethylene textile,” Science 353(6303), 1019–1023 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, J. K. Tong, W.-C. Hsu, B. Liao, Y. Huang, V. Chiloyan, and G. Chen, “Heat meets light on the nanoscale,” Nanophotonics 5(1), 134–160 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Akbari and D. Kolokotsa, “Three decades of urban heat islands and mitigation technologies research,” Energy Build. 133, 834–842 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, L. A. Weinstein, J. K. Tong, W.-C. Hsu, and G. Chen, “Hybrid optical–thermal antennas for enhanced light focusing and local temperature control,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1714–1722 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. M. Boiko, V. A. Marikhin, L. P. Myasnikova, O. A. Moskalyuk, and E. I. Radovanova, “Statistical analysis of the strength of ultra-oriented ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene film filaments in the framework of the Weibull model,” Phys. Solid State 58(10), 2141–2144 (2016).
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K. S. Veethahavya, B. S. Rajath, S. Noobia, and B. M. Kumar, “Biodegradation of low density polyethylene in aqueous media,” Procedia Environ. Sci. 35, 709–713 (2016).
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2015 (6)

S. Boriskina, J. Tong, Y. Huang, J. Zhou, V. Chiloyan, and G. Chen, “Enhancement and tunability of near-field radiative heat transfer mediated by surface plasmon polaritons in thin plasmonic films,” Photonics 2(2), 659–683 (2015).
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P.-C. Hsu, X. Liu, C. Liu, X. Xie, H. R. Lee, A. J. Welch, T. Zhao, and Y. Cui, “Personal Thermal Management by Metallic Nanowire-Coated Textile,” Nano Lett. 15(1), 365–371 (2015).
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N. S. King, L. Liu, X. Yang, B. Cerjan, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fano Resonant Aluminum Nanoclusters for Plasmonic Colorimetric Sensing,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10628–10636 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Reif and W. Alhalabi, “Solar-thermal powered desalination: Its significant challenges and potential,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 48, 152–165 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. K. Tong, X. Huang, S. V. Boriskina, J. Loomis, Y. Xu, and G. Chen, “Infrared-transparent visible-opaque fabrics for wearable personal thermal management,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 769–778 (2015).
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V. H. Dalvi, S. V. Panse, and J. B. Joshi, “Solar thermal technologies as a bridge from fossil fuels to renewables,” Nat. Clim. Chang. 5(11), 1007–1013 (2015).
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2014 (6)

F. Cao, K. McEnaney, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “A review of cermet-based spectrally selective solar absorbers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(5), 1615 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Kraemer and G. Chen, “A simple differential steady-state method to measure the thermal conductivity of solid bulk materials with high accuracy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(2), 025108 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-M. Restrepo-Flórez, A. Bassi, and M. R. Thompson, “Microbial degradation and deterioration of polyethylene – A review,” Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 88, 83–90 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
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J. Loomis, H. Ghasemi, X. Huang, N. Thoppey, J. Wang, J. K. Tong, Y. Xu, X. Li, C.-T. Lin, and G. Chen, “Continuous fabrication platform for highly aligned polymer films,” Technology 02(03), 189–199 (2014).
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L. Zhu, A. Raman, K. X. Wang, M. A. Anoma, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling of solar cells,” Optica 1(1), 32 (2014).
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2013 (4)

E. Yousif and R. Haddad, “Photodegradation and photostabilization of polymers, especially polystyrene: review,” SpringerPlus 2(1), 398 (2013).
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E. Rephaeli, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Ultrabroadband photonic structures to achieve high-performance daytime radiative cooling,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1457–1461 (2013).
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A. Mojiri, R. Taylor, E. Thomsen, and G. Rosengarten, “Spectral beam splitting for efficient conversion of solar energy—A review,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 28, 654–663 (2013).
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A. R. Gentle, K. L. Dybdal, and G. B. Smith, “Polymeric mesh for durable infra-red transparent convection shields: Applications in cool roofs and sky cooling,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 115, 79–85 (2013).
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2010 (2)

A. R. Gentle and G. B. Smith, “Radiative heat pumping from the Earth using surface phonon resonant nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 373–379 (2010).
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S. Shen, A. Henry, J. Tong, R. Zheng, and G. Chen, “Polyethylene nanofibres with very high thermal conductivities,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(4), 251–255 (2010).
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2009 (1)

N. García, M. Hoyos, J. Guzmán, and P. Tiemblo, “Comparing the effect of nanofillers as thermal stabilizers in low density polyethylene,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 94(1), 39–48 (2009).
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2008 (1)

2007 (2)

F. Lednický, M. Šlouf, J. Kratochvíl, J. Baldrian, and D. Novotná, “Crystalline Character and Microhardness of Gamma-Irradiated and Thermally Treated UHMWPE,” J. Macromol. Sci., Part B: Phys. 46(3), 521–531 (2007).
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S. Rastogi, D. R. Lippits, G. W. H. Höhne, B. Mezari, and P. C. M. M. Magusin, “The role of the amorphous phase in melting of linear UHMW-PE; implications for chain dynamics,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19(20), 205122 (2007).
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2006 (2)

E. Espí, A. Salmerón, A. Fontecha, Y. García, and A. I. Real, “Plastic films for agricultural applications,” J. Plast. Film Sheeting 22(2), 85–102 (2006).
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D. Beysens, M. Muselli, I. Milimouk, C. Ohayon, S. Berkowicz, E. Soyeux, M. Mileta, and P. Ortega, “Application of passive radiative cooling for dew condensation,” Energy 31(13), 2303–2315 (2006).
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2005 (1)

M. J. Assael, S. Botsios, K. Gialou, and I. N. Metaxa, “Thermal Conductivity of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) and Borosilicate Crown Glass BK7,” Int. J. Thermophys. 26(5), 1595–1605 (2005).
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2004 (1)

K. I. Jensen, J. M. Schultz, and F. H. Kristiansen, “Development of windows based on highly insulating aerogel glazings,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 350, 351–357 (2004).
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1995 (1)

T. M. J. Nilsson and G. A. Niklasson, “Radiative cooling during the day: simulations and experiments on pigmented polyethylene cover foils,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 37(1), 93–118 (1995).
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1994 (1)

T. M. J. Nilsson, W. E. Vargas, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Condensation of water by radiative cooling,” Renewable Energy 5(1-4), 310–317 (1994).
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1990 (1)

N. S. J. A. Gerrits, R. J. Young, and P. J. Lemstra, “Tensile properties of biaxially drawn polyethylene,” Polymer 31(2), 231–236 (1990).
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1989 (1)

H. Hagemann, R. G. Snyder, A. J. Peacock, and L. Mandelkern, “Quantitative infrared methods for the measurement of crystallinity and its temperature dependence: polyethylene,” Macromolecules 22(9), 3600–3606 (1989).
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1984 (2)

T. S. Eriksson, E. M. Lushiku, and C. G. Granqvist, “Materials for radiative cooling to low temperature,” Sol. Energy Mater. 11(3), 149–161 (1984).
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P. Berdahl, “Radiative cooling with MgO and/or LiF layers,” Appl. Opt. 23(3), 370 (1984).
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1982 (1)

C. G. Granqvist, A. Hjortsberg, and T. S. Eriksson, “Radiative cooling to low temperatures with selectivity IR-emitting surfaces,” Thin Solid Films 90(2), 187–190 (1982).
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1978 (1)

P. Chollet, “Determination by infrared absorption of the orientation of molecules in monomolecular layers,” Thin Solid Films 52(3), 343–360 (1978).
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1967 (1)

T. Okada and L. Mandelkern, “Effect of morphology and degree of crystallinity on the infrared absorption spectra of linear polyethylene,” J. Polym. Sci., Part A-2 5(2), 239–262 (1967).
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1959 (1)

R. S. Stein, “The orientation of polyethylene,” J. Polym. Sci. 34(127), 709–720 (1959).
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1958 (1)

S. Krimm, C. Y. Liangt, and G. B. B. M. Sutherland, “Infrared spectra of high polymers. II. Polyethylene,” J. Polym. Sci. XXVII, 241–254 (1958).

1956 (1)

R. S. Stein and F. H. Norris, “The x-ray diffraction, birefringence, and infrared dichroism of stretched polyethylene,” J. Polym. Sci. 21(99), 381–396 (1956).
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1931 (1)

T. Smith and J. Guild, “The C.I.E. colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc. 33(3), 73–134 (1931).
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Ajji, A.

Akbari, H.

H. Akbari and D. Kolokotsa, “Three decades of urban heat islands and mitigation technologies research,” Energy Build. 133, 834–842 (2016).
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Alam, M. A.

X. Sun, Y. Sun, Z. Zhou, M. A. Alam, and P. Bermel, “Radiative sky cooling: fundamental physics, materials, structures, and applications,” Nanophotonics 6(5), 997–1015 (2017).
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Alhalabi, W.

J. H. Reif and W. Alhalabi, “Solar-thermal powered desalination: Its significant challenges and potential,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 48, 152–165 (2015).
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Alzaim, S.

A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, T. Zhang, A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
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A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, T. Zhang, A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
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Anoma, M. A.

A. P. Raman, M. A. Anoma, L. Zhu, E. Rephaeli, and S. Fan, “Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight,” Nature 515(7528), 540–544 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Zhu, A. Raman, K. X. Wang, M. A. Anoma, and S. Fan, “Radiative cooling of solar cells,” Optica 1(1), 32 (2014).
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Arnold, M.

G. Smith, A. Gentle, M. Arnold, and M. Cortie, “Nanophotonics-enabled smart windows, buildings and wearables,” Nanophotonics 5(1), 55–73 (2016).
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Assael, M. J.

M. J. Assael, S. Botsios, K. Gialou, and I. N. Metaxa, “Thermal Conductivity of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) and Borosilicate Crown Glass BK7,” Int. J. Thermophys. 26(5), 1595–1605 (2005).
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Azzali, N.

C. Balocco, L. Mercatelli, N. Azzali, M. Meucci, and G. Grazzini, “Experimental transmittance of polyethylene films in the solar and infrared wavelengths,” Sol. Energy 165, 199–205 (2018).
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Baldrian, J.

F. Lednický, M. Šlouf, J. Kratochvíl, J. Baldrian, and D. Novotná, “Crystalline Character and Microhardness of Gamma-Irradiated and Thermally Treated UHMWPE,” J. Macromol. Sci., Part B: Phys. 46(3), 521–531 (2007).
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Balocco, C.

C. Balocco, L. Mercatelli, N. Azzali, M. Meucci, and G. Grazzini, “Experimental transmittance of polyethylene films in the solar and infrared wavelengths,” Sol. Energy 165, 199–205 (2018).
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Bassi, A.

J.-M. Restrepo-Flórez, A. Bassi, and M. R. Thompson, “Microbial degradation and deterioration of polyethylene – A review,” Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 88, 83–90 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berdahl, P.

Berkowicz, S.

D. Beysens, M. Muselli, I. Milimouk, C. Ohayon, S. Berkowicz, E. Soyeux, M. Mileta, and P. Ortega, “Application of passive radiative cooling for dew condensation,” Energy 31(13), 2303–2315 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bermel, P.

X. Sun, Y. Sun, Z. Zhou, M. A. Alam, and P. Bermel, “Radiative sky cooling: fundamental physics, materials, structures, and applications,” Nanophotonics 6(5), 997–1015 (2017).
[Crossref]

Beysens, D.

D. Beysens, M. Muselli, I. Milimouk, C. Ohayon, S. Berkowicz, E. Soyeux, M. Mileta, and P. Ortega, “Application of passive radiative cooling for dew condensation,” Energy 31(13), 2303–2315 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bhatia, B.

L. A. Weinstein, K. McEnaney, E. Strobach, S. Yang, B. Bhatia, L. Zhao, Y. Huang, J. Loomis, F. Cao, S. V. Boriskina, Z. Ren, E. N. Wang, and G. Chen, “A Hybrid Electric and Thermal Solar Receiver,” Joule 2(5), 962–975 (2018).
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B. Bhatia, A. Leroy, Y. Shen, L. Zhao, M. Gianello, D. Li, T. Gu, J. Hu, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “Passive directional sub-ambient daytime radiative cooling,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 5001 (2018).
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Boiko, Y. M.

Y. M. Boiko, V. A. Marikhin, L. P. Myasnikova, O. A. Moskalyuk, and E. I. Radovanova, “Statistical analysis of the strength of ultra-oriented ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene film filaments in the framework of the Weibull model,” Phys. Solid State 58(10), 2141–2144 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boismenu, F.

Boriskina, S.

S. Boriskina, J. Tong, Y. Huang, J. Zhou, V. Chiloyan, and G. Chen, “Enhancement and tunability of near-field radiative heat transfer mediated by surface plasmon polaritons in thin plasmonic films,” Photonics 2(2), 659–683 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boriskina, S. V.

E. M. Strobach and S. V. Boriskina, “Daylighting,” Opt. Photonics News 29(11), 24 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. A. Weinstein, K. McEnaney, E. Strobach, S. Yang, B. Bhatia, L. Zhao, Y. Huang, J. Loomis, F. Cao, S. V. Boriskina, Z. Ren, E. N. Wang, and G. Chen, “A Hybrid Electric and Thermal Solar Receiver,” Joule 2(5), 962–975 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Ruiz-Clavijo, Y. Tsurimaki, O. Caballero-Calero, G. Ni, G. Chen, S. V. Boriskina, and M. Martín-González, “Engineering a Full Gamut of Structural Colors in All-Dielectric Mesoporous Network Metamaterials,” ACS Photonics 5(6), 2120–2128 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, “Optics on the Go,” Opt. Photonics News 28(9), 34 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, H. Zandavi, B. Song, Y. Huang, and G. Chen, “Heat is the new light,” Opt. Photonics News 28, 26–33 (2017).

S. V. Boriskina, L. A. Weinstein, J. K. Tong, W.-C. Hsu, and G. Chen, “Hybrid optical–thermal antennas for enhanced light focusing and local temperature control,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1714–1722 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Cao, Y. Huang, L. Tang, T. Sun, S. V. Boriskina, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “Toward a high-efficient utilization of solar radiation by quad-band solar spectral splitting,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10659–10663 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, “Nanoporous fabrics could keep you cool,” Science 353(6303), 986–987 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, J. K. Tong, W.-C. Hsu, B. Liao, Y. Huang, V. Chiloyan, and G. Chen, “Heat meets light on the nanoscale,” Nanophotonics 5(1), 134–160 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. K. Tong, X. Huang, S. V. Boriskina, J. Loomis, Y. Xu, and G. Chen, “Infrared-transparent visible-opaque fabrics for wearable personal thermal management,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 769–778 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. H. Zandavi, Y. Huang, G. Ni, R. Pang, R. M. Osgood, P. Kamal, A. Jain, G. Chen, and S. V. Boriskina, “Polymer metamaterial fabrics for personal radiative thermal management,” in Frontiers in Optics 2017 (OSA, 2017), p. FM4D.6.

S. V. Boriskina, J. Tong, L. Weinstein, W.-C. Hsu, Y. Huang, and G. Chen, “Thermal emission shaping and radiative cooling with thermal wells, wires and dots,” in Advanced Photonics 2015 (OSA, 2015), p. IT2A.3.

Bos, J.

D. Romano, N. Tops, J. Bos, and S. Rastogi, “Correlation between thermal and mechanical response of nascent semicrystalline UHMWPEs,” Macromolecules 50(5), 2033–2042 (2017).
[Crossref]

Botsios, S.

M. J. Assael, S. Botsios, K. Gialou, and I. N. Metaxa, “Thermal Conductivity of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) and Borosilicate Crown Glass BK7,” Int. J. Thermophys. 26(5), 1595–1605 (2005).
[Crossref]

Caballero-Calero, O.

A. Ruiz-Clavijo, Y. Tsurimaki, O. Caballero-Calero, G. Ni, G. Chen, S. V. Boriskina, and M. Martín-González, “Engineering a Full Gamut of Structural Colors in All-Dielectric Mesoporous Network Metamaterials,” ACS Photonics 5(6), 2120–2128 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cai, L.

Y. Peng, J. Chen, A. Y. Song, P. B. Catrysse, P.-C. Hsu, L. Cai, B. Liu, Y. Zhu, G. Zhou, D. S. Wu, H. R. Lee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanoporous polyethylene microfibres for large-scale radiative cooling fabric,” Nat. Sustain. 1(2), 105–112 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Cai, A. Y. Song, P. Wu, P.-C. Hsu, Y. Peng, J. Chen, C. Liu, P. B. Catrysse, Y. Liu, A. Yang, C. Zhou, C. Zhou, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Warming up human body by nanoporous metallized polyethylene textile,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 496 (2017).
[Crossref]

P.-C. Hsu, C. Liu, A. Y. Song, Z. Zhang, Y. Peng, J. Xie, K. Liu, C.-L. Wu, P. B. Catrysse, L. Cai, S. Zhai, A. Majumdar, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A dual-mode textile for human body radiative heating and cooling,” Sci. Adv. 3(11), e1700895 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cao, F.

L. A. Weinstein, K. McEnaney, E. Strobach, S. Yang, B. Bhatia, L. Zhao, Y. Huang, J. Loomis, F. Cao, S. V. Boriskina, Z. Ren, E. N. Wang, and G. Chen, “A Hybrid Electric and Thermal Solar Receiver,” Joule 2(5), 962–975 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Cao, Y. Huang, L. Tang, T. Sun, S. V. Boriskina, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “Toward a high-efficient utilization of solar radiation by quad-band solar spectral splitting,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10659–10663 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Cao, K. McEnaney, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “A review of cermet-based spectrally selective solar absorbers,” Energy Environ. Sci. 7(5), 1615 (2014).
[Crossref]

Catrysse, P. B.

Y. Peng, J. Chen, A. Y. Song, P. B. Catrysse, P.-C. Hsu, L. Cai, B. Liu, Y. Zhu, G. Zhou, D. S. Wu, H. R. Lee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanoporous polyethylene microfibres for large-scale radiative cooling fabric,” Nat. Sustain. 1(2), 105–112 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Cai, A. Y. Song, P. Wu, P.-C. Hsu, Y. Peng, J. Chen, C. Liu, P. B. Catrysse, Y. Liu, A. Yang, C. Zhou, C. Zhou, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Warming up human body by nanoporous metallized polyethylene textile,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 496 (2017).
[Crossref]

P.-C. Hsu, C. Liu, A. Y. Song, Z. Zhang, Y. Peng, J. Xie, K. Liu, C.-L. Wu, P. B. Catrysse, L. Cai, S. Zhai, A. Majumdar, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A dual-mode textile for human body radiative heating and cooling,” Sci. Adv. 3(11), e1700895 (2017).
[Crossref]

P.-C. Hsu, A. Y. Song, P. B. Catrysse, C. Liu, Y. Peng, J. Xie, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Radiative human body cooling by nanoporous polyethylene textile,” Science 353(6303), 1019–1023 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cerjan, B.

N. S. King, L. Liu, X. Yang, B. Cerjan, H. O. Everitt, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Fano Resonant Aluminum Nanoclusters for Plasmonic Colorimetric Sensing,” ACS Nano 9(11), 10628–10636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

A. Ruiz-Clavijo, Y. Tsurimaki, O. Caballero-Calero, G. Ni, G. Chen, S. V. Boriskina, and M. Martín-González, “Engineering a Full Gamut of Structural Colors in All-Dielectric Mesoporous Network Metamaterials,” ACS Photonics 5(6), 2120–2128 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. A. Weinstein, K. McEnaney, E. Strobach, S. Yang, B. Bhatia, L. Zhao, Y. Huang, J. Loomis, F. Cao, S. V. Boriskina, Z. Ren, E. N. Wang, and G. Chen, “A Hybrid Electric and Thermal Solar Receiver,” Joule 2(5), 962–975 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. McEnaney, L. Weinstein, D. Kraemer, H. Ghasemi, and G. Chen, “Aerogel-based solar thermal receivers,” Nano Energy 40, 180–186 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, H. Zandavi, B. Song, Y. Huang, and G. Chen, “Heat is the new light,” Opt. Photonics News 28, 26–33 (2017).

S. V. Boriskina, L. A. Weinstein, J. K. Tong, W.-C. Hsu, and G. Chen, “Hybrid optical–thermal antennas for enhanced light focusing and local temperature control,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1714–1722 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Cao, Y. Huang, L. Tang, T. Sun, S. V. Boriskina, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “Toward a high-efficient utilization of solar radiation by quad-band solar spectral splitting,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10659–10663 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. V. Boriskina, J. K. Tong, W.-C. Hsu, B. Liao, Y. Huang, V. Chiloyan, and G. Chen, “Heat meets light on the nanoscale,” Nanophotonics 5(1), 134–160 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. K. Tong, X. Huang, S. V. Boriskina, J. Loomis, Y. Xu, and G. Chen, “Infrared-transparent visible-opaque fabrics for wearable personal thermal management,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 769–778 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Boriskina, J. Tong, Y. Huang, J. Zhou, V. Chiloyan, and G. Chen, “Enhancement and tunability of near-field radiative heat transfer mediated by surface plasmon polaritons in thin plasmonic films,” Photonics 2(2), 659–683 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kraemer and G. Chen, “A simple differential steady-state method to measure the thermal conductivity of solid bulk materials with high accuracy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(2), 025108 (2014).
[Crossref]

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A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, T. Zhang, A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
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G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
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P.-C. Hsu, C. Liu, A. Y. Song, Z. Zhang, Y. Peng, J. Xie, K. Liu, C.-L. Wu, P. B. Catrysse, L. Cai, S. Zhai, A. Majumdar, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A dual-mode textile for human body radiative heating and cooling,” Sci. Adv. 3(11), e1700895 (2017).
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Y. Zhai, Y. Ma, S. N. David, D. Zhao, R. Lou, G. Tan, R. Yang, and X. Yin, “Scalable-manufactured randomized glass-polymer hybrid metamaterial for daytime radiative cooling,” Science 355(6329), 1062–1066 (2017).
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B. Bhatia, A. Leroy, Y. Shen, L. Zhao, M. Gianello, D. Li, T. Gu, J. Hu, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “Passive directional sub-ambient daytime radiative cooling,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 5001 (2018).
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L. Cai, A. Y. Song, P. Wu, P.-C. Hsu, Y. Peng, J. Chen, C. Liu, P. B. Catrysse, Y. Liu, A. Yang, C. Zhou, C. Zhou, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Warming up human body by nanoporous metallized polyethylene textile,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 496 (2017).
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L. Cai, A. Y. Song, P. Wu, P.-C. Hsu, Y. Peng, J. Chen, C. Liu, P. B. Catrysse, Y. Liu, A. Yang, C. Zhou, C. Zhou, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Warming up human body by nanoporous metallized polyethylene textile,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 496 (2017).
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Y. Peng, J. Chen, A. Y. Song, P. B. Catrysse, P.-C. Hsu, L. Cai, B. Liu, Y. Zhu, G. Zhou, D. S. Wu, H. R. Lee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanoporous polyethylene microfibres for large-scale radiative cooling fabric,” Nat. Sustain. 1(2), 105–112 (2018).
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J. Mandal, Y. Fu, A. C. Overvig, M. Jia, K. Sun, N. N. Shi, H. Zhou, X. Xiao, N. Yu, and Y. Yang, “Hierarchically porous polymer coatings for highly efficient passive daytime radiative cooling,” Science 362(6412), 315–319 (2018).
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Zhou, Z.

X. Sun, Y. Sun, Z. Zhou, M. A. Alam, and P. Bermel, “Radiative sky cooling: fundamental physics, materials, structures, and applications,” Nanophotonics 6(5), 997–1015 (2017).
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Y. Peng, J. Chen, A. Y. Song, P. B. Catrysse, P.-C. Hsu, L. Cai, B. Liu, Y. Zhu, G. Zhou, D. S. Wu, H. R. Lee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanoporous polyethylene microfibres for large-scale radiative cooling fabric,” Nat. Sustain. 1(2), 105–112 (2018).
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A. Ruiz-Clavijo, Y. Tsurimaki, O. Caballero-Calero, G. Ni, G. Chen, S. V. Boriskina, and M. Martín-González, “Engineering a Full Gamut of Structural Colors in All-Dielectric Mesoporous Network Metamaterials,” ACS Photonics 5(6), 2120–2128 (2018).
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S. V. Boriskina, L. A. Weinstein, J. K. Tong, W.-C. Hsu, and G. Chen, “Hybrid optical–thermal antennas for enhanced light focusing and local temperature control,” ACS Photonics 3(9), 1714–1722 (2016).
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J. K. Tong, X. Huang, S. V. Boriskina, J. Loomis, Y. Xu, and G. Chen, “Infrared-transparent visible-opaque fabrics for wearable personal thermal management,” ACS Photonics 2(6), 769–778 (2015).
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J. Kou, Z. Jurado, Z. Chen, S. Fan, and A. J. Minnich, “Daytime radiative cooling using near-black infrared emitters,” ACS Photonics 4(3), 626–630 (2017).
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F. Cao, Y. Huang, L. Tang, T. Sun, S. V. Boriskina, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “Toward a high-efficient utilization of solar radiation by quad-band solar spectral splitting,” Adv. Mater. 28(48), 10659–10663 (2016).
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G. J. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. M. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, and Y. M. Song, “Colored, daytime radiative coolers with thin-film resonators for aesthetic purposes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1800707 (2018).
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A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, T. Zhang, A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
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G. Ni, G. Li, S. V. Boriskina, H. Li, W. Yang, T. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam generation under one sun enabled by a floating structure with thermal concentration,” Nat. Energy 1(9), 16126 (2016).
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S. V. Boriskina, H. Zandavi, B. Song, Y. Huang, and G. Chen, “Heat is the new light,” Opt. Photonics News 28, 26–33 (2017).

Optica (1)

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S. Boriskina, J. Tong, Y. Huang, J. Zhou, V. Chiloyan, and G. Chen, “Enhancement and tunability of near-field radiative heat transfer mediated by surface plasmon polaritons in thin plasmonic films,” Photonics 2(2), 659–683 (2015).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Wavelength spectra of (a) atmospheric transparency, (b) total terrestrial solar irradiance (red), infrared thermal emittance of a blackbody at temperature of 310 K (orange), and (c) CIE standard observer color matching functions underlying the basis of the color formation in human vision.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The spectra of total transmittance (a) and absorptance (b) of UHMWPE films of varying draw ratios, including as-cast (blue), drawn to elongate by 20 times (teal), and by 60 times (red). The transmittance spectrum of a window glass is shown for comparison in (a) as the gray line. The inset to (b) shows results of the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements of the films. (c) Haze parameter in the visible spectral range of the undrawn and drawn UHMWPE films of varying crystallinity and thickness as in (a,b). (e) Infrared emittance spectra of the UHMWPE films compared to that of a window glass.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a-c) Photographs of the films of varying draw ratio and internal crystallinity, including undrawn (a), uniaxially drawn to elongate by 20 times (b) and by 60 times (c) UHMWPE films. (d-f) The corresponding SEM images of the UHMWPE films: undrawn (d), uniaxially drawn to elongate by 20 times (e) and by 60 times (f).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a-c) Optical images of the UHMWPE films dark-colored by embedding (a) CuO nanoparticles (CuO black: 30 nm-sized particles, 20 wt% filling, film thickness 28 micron, x20 drawn), (b) a blue dye (10 wt% filling, film thickness 180 micron, undrawn), and (c) Si nanoparticles (Si gray: 100 nm-sized particles, 20 wt% filling, film thickness 54 micron, x20 drawn). (d) Optical image of a black-painted paper sample used for comparison as a black surface. (e,f) Total spectral reflectance (e) and absorptance (f) of the visible and near-infrared light by the dark-colored films shown in panels a-c (teal lines: CuO black, gray lines: Si gray, blue lines: blue dye). The corresponding spectra of the black paper are shown for comparison as the black lines.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a-d) Optical images of the UHMWPE films light-colored by embedding (a) yellow dye (10 wt% filling, film thickness 8 micron, x20 drawn), (b) red dye (10 wt% filling, film thickness 14 micron, x20 drawn), (c) phosphorescent green pigment (10 wt% filling, film thickness 120 micron, undrawn), and (d) TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2 white: 20 nm-sized particles, 20 wt% filling, film thickness 43 micron, x20 drawn). (e) Optical image of an aluminum sample used for comparison as a highly solar-reflective surface. (f,g) Total spectral reflectance (f) and absorptance (g) of the visible and near-infrared light by the light-colored films shown in panels a-d (yellow lines: yellow dye, red lines: red dye, teal lines: green pigment, blue lines: TiO2 white). The corresponding spectra of the aluminum foil are shown for comparison as the gray lines.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Steady-state temperatures in excess of the ambient temperature of 22 oC reached by the dark-colored samples in Figs. 4(a)-(d) under continuous illumination by an artificial sunlight. (b) Infrared emittance of the dark-colored films compared to that of the black paint.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Steady-state temperatures in excess of the ambient temperature of 22 oC reached by the light-colored samples in Figs. 5(a)-(e) under continuous illumination by an artificial sunlight. (b) Infrared emittance of the light-colored films compared to that of the aluminum foil.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) An optical image of a black paper sample illuminated by a laser beam. (b) The corresponding infrared image of the same sample showing the spatial temperature distribution. (c) The infrared image of the Si gray film illuminated by the same laser beam revealing the heat spreading laterally along the film, reducing the hot spot temperature. (d) Comparison of the cost, weight and thermal conductivity of semi-crystalline UHMWPE films with the corresponding characteristics of other common materials.