Abstract

In our work, Bi2Se3 was successfully used for demonstrating a large-energy passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser. Bi2Se3 nanosheets were fabricated by a catalyst-free chemical vapor deposition method. Based on a pyrolysis tape transfer method, the Bi2Se3 thin film on the SiO2 substrate was transferred to the end of the optical connector for constructing the fiber-integrated saturable absorber. The saturation intensity and modulation depth of the Bi2Se3 saturable absorber were 81.1 MW/cm2 and 15.7%, respectively. A stable Q-switched operation at 1549.99 nm with a maximum average output power of 23.61 mW was achieved. The minimum pulse duration and the largest pulse energy were 1.34 μs and 224.5 nJ, respectively. In comparison with previous works, the single pulse energy (224.5 nJ) obtained in our experiment was improved significantly. Our experimental results fully proved that CVD-Bi2Se3 has good performance in obtaining large energy pulse operations and will promote the applications of 2D CVD-materials in the field of pulse laser.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (5)

2017 (2)

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Yan, J. Lin, Y. Zhou, C. Gu, L. Xu, A. Wang, P. Yao, and Q. Zhan, “Bi2Te3 based passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam emission,” Appl. Opt. 55(11), 3026–3029 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (13)

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Chen, G. Q. Deng, S. C. Yan, C. Li, K. Xi, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Microfiber-coupler-assisted control of wavelength tuning for Q-switched fiber laser with few-layer molybdenum disulfide nanoplates,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3576–3579 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Chen, X. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS(2), MoSe(2), WS2), and WSe(2).,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Sun, Z. Lin, J. Peng, J. Weng, Y. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4794 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, Ultrafast Pulse Mode-Locked by Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Nanosheets Interacting With Photonic Crystal Fiber: From Anomalous Dispersion to Normal Dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, Z. R. Cai, S. Hu, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Dissipative rogue waves induced by long-range chaotic multi-pulse interactions in a fiber laser with a topological insulator-deposited microfiber photonic device,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4767–4770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (8)

Z. Yu, Y. Song, J. Tian, Z. Dou, H. Guoyu, K. Li, H. Li, and X. Zhang, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched fiber laser with high quality topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ film,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11508–11515 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. P. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, R. Tang, and W. C. Xu, “Observation of three bound states from a topological insulator mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. X. Huang, and H. Y. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Koo, J. Lee, C. Chi, and J. H. Lee, “Passively Q-switched 1.56 μm all-fiberized laser based on evanescent field interaction with bulk-structured bismuth telluride topological insulator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(9), 2157–2162 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 μm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable Passively Q-switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotubes as a Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Boguslawski, J.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Cai, Z. P.

Cai, Z. R.

Chen, B.

Chen, C.

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. X. Huang, and H. Y. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. S.

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. Y.

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. X. Huang, and H. Y. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, J. H.

Chen, Q.

Chen, Q. Y.

Chen, S.

Chen, S. Q.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Chi, C.

Cui, X. Q.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Deng, G. Q.

Dong, B.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable Passively Q-switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotubes as a Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z.

Dou, Z. Y.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

Fan, X. W.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 μm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gan, X. T.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, Ultrafast Pulse Mode-Locked by Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Nanosheets Interacting With Photonic Crystal Fiber: From Anomalous Dispersion to Normal Dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Guo, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

Guoyu, H.

Hu, S.

Huang, C. X.

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. X. Huang, and H. Y. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, G.

Huang, W.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, Ultrafast Pulse Mode-Locked by Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Nanosheets Interacting With Photonic Crystal Fiber: From Anomalous Dispersion to Normal Dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

L. Sun, Z. Lin, J. Peng, J. Weng, Y. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4794 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. Z.

Jiang, D. P.

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, G.

Jiang, G. B.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S. Z.

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jin, L.

Koo, J.

Lan, C. Y.

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Li, C.

J. H. Chen, G. Q. Deng, S. C. Yan, C. Li, K. Xi, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Microfiber-coupler-assisted control of wavelength tuning for Q-switched fiber laser with few-layer molybdenum disulfide nanoplates,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3576–3579 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, H. P.

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, J. F.

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

Li, K. X.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, L. Li, Y. Wang, R. Lv, X. Wang, Z. Chen, and L. Wei, “Er-doped Q-switched fiber laser with a black phosphorus/polymethyl methacrylate saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(6), 1292–1295 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, M. K.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Q.

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Y.

Lin, J.

Lin, Z.

L. Sun, Z. Lin, J. Peng, J. Weng, Y. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4794 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, D. H.

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 μm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, Z. R. Cai, S. Hu, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Dissipative rogue waves induced by long-range chaotic multi-pulse interactions in a fiber laser with a topological insulator-deposited microfiber photonic device,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4767–4770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. P. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, R. Tang, and W. C. Xu, “Observation of three bound states from a topological insulator mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, L. Li, Y. Wang, R. Lv, X. Wang, Z. Chen, and L. Wei, “Er-doped Q-switched fiber laser with a black phosphorus/polymethyl methacrylate saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(6), 1292–1295 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S. S.

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. K.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable Passively Q-switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotubes as a Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, S.

Lu, Y. Q.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z.

L. Sun, Z. Lin, J. Peng, J. Weng, Y. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4794 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. Q.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, Ultrafast Pulse Mode-Locked by Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Nanosheets Interacting With Photonic Crystal Fiber: From Anomalous Dispersion to Normal Dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lv, R.

Man, B.

Man, B. Y.

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mars, K.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mikula, A.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ming, N.

Niu, K. D.

Peng, J.

L. Sun, Z. Lin, J. Peng, J. Weng, Y. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4794 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qian, X. B.

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qu, Z. S.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 μm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quan, M. R.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G. J.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Song, Y. R.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J. Z.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Su, L.

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

L. Sun, Z. Lin, J. Peng, J. Weng, Y. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4794 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, R.

Sun, R. Y.

Sun, Z. C.

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tang, P. H.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, R.

A. P. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, R. Tang, and W. C. Xu, “Observation of three bound states from a topological insulator mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tao, S.

Tarnowski, K.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

Tian, J. J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tian, J. R.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

Wang, C.

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. X.

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. X. Huang, and H. Y. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, R. L.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wang, S. G.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. W.

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. G.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 μm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. Z.

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Wei, L.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, L. Li, Y. Wang, R. Lv, X. Wang, Z. Chen, and L. Wei, “Er-doped Q-switched fiber laser with a black phosphorus/polymethyl methacrylate saturable absorber,” Appl. Opt. 57(6), 1292–1295 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable Passively Q-switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotubes as a Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wen, S. C.

Weng, J.

Wu, J. Y.

Wu, K.

Xi, K.

Xia, H. D.

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

Xu, H.

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, J.

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

Xu, N. N.

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, R. Q.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, S. C.

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Xu, Y.

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, K.

Yan, S. C.

Yang, C.

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

Yang, W. Q.

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y. F.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, P.

Yao, Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ye, C.

Yu, X.

Yu, Z.

Yu, Z. H.

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y. J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J. Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, C.

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

N. Ming, S. Tao, W. Yang, Q. Chen, R. Sun, C. Wang, S. Wang, B. Man, and H. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, Z. R. Cai, S. Hu, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Dissipative rogue waves induced by long-range chaotic multi-pulse interactions in a fiber laser with a topological insulator-deposited microfiber photonic device,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4767–4770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H. N.

K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, Q. Y. Chen, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 6(2), 72–76 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. D. Niu, Q. Y. Chen, R. Y. Sun, B. Y. Man, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(11), 3934–3943 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. X.

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. Y.

Zhang, L. Q.

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. D.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. X.

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, J. L.

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, N.

A. P. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, R. Tang, and W. C. Xu, “Observation of three bound states from a topological insulator mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y. F.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, D. P.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable Passively Q-switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotubes as a Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, M.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, H. T.

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T.

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, Ultrafast Pulse Mode-Locked by Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Nanosheets Interacting With Photonic Crystal Fiber: From Anomalous Dispersion to Normal Dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhuo, Z.

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

Zybala, R.

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

Z. C. Sun, B. Y. Man, C. Yang, M. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, C. Zhang, and Y. Xu, “Selenium-assisted controlled growth of graphene–Bi2Se3 nanoplates hybrid Dirac materials by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 365, 357–363 (2016).
[Crossref]

CrystEngComm (1)

C. Zhang, M. Liu, B. Y. Man, S. Z. Jiang, C. Yang, C. S. Chen, and J. X. Zhang, “Facile fabrication of graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 hybrid Dirac materials via chemical vapor deposition in Se-rich conditions,” CrystEngComm 16(38), 8941–8945 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, S. Q. Chen, J. Du, P. H. Tang, G. B. Jiang, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Large energy, wavelength widely tunable, topological insulator Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 315–322 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

D. Mao, X. Q. Cui, X. T. Gan, M. K. Li, W. D. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. L. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on an ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 24(3), 1–6 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. (3)

H. P. Li, H. D. Xia, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, X. X. Zhang, J. F. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(1), 69–72 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable Passively Q-switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotubes as a Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Guo, Y. Yao, J. J. Tian, Y. F. Zhao, S. Liu, M. Li, and M. R. Quan, “Observation of bright-dark soliton pair in a fiber laser with topological insulator,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 701–704 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (3)

L. Gao, T. Zhu, W. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Stable, Ultrafast Pulse Mode-Locked by Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Nanosheets Interacting With Photonic Crystal Fiber: From Anomalous Dispersion to Normal Dispersion,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. P. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, R. Tang, and W. C. Xu, “Observation of three bound states from a topological insulator mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 1–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Li, Q. Y. Chen, K. D. Niu, R. Y. Sun, and H. N. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 as saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(6), 1–7 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y. F. Yang, Y. J. Yuan, R. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, and B. Yan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Se3/polyvinyl alcohol film-assisted multi-wavelength ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(6), 063108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

L. Q. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, J. X. Wang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Passively Q-switched fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 433–436 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Q. Yang, N. N. Xu, and H. N. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15(10), 105101 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. X. Li, Y. R. Song, Z. H. Yu, R. Q. Xu, Z. Y. Dou, and J. R. Tian, “L-band femtosecond fibre laser based on Bi2Se3 topological insulator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(10), 105103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (3)

J. Bogusławski, G. J. Sobon, K. Tarnowski, R. Zybała, K. Mars, A. Mikuła, K. M. Abramski, and J. Z. Sotor, “All-polarization-maintaining-fiber laser Q-switched by evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081316 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Li, J. Liu, M. Liu, S. S. Liu, F. Chen, W. W. Wang, and Y. G. Wang, “Single continuous-wave mode-locked Nd:GdVO4-semiconductor saturable absorber mirror laser,” Opt. Eng. 48(7), 074201 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Yang, D. H. Liu, J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped Yb:LuY2SiO5 laser mode locked by single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Eng. 50(11), 114202 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Chen, X. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS(2), MoSe(2), WS2), and WSe(2).,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, Y. Song, J. Tian, Z. Dou, H. Guoyu, K. Li, H. Li, and X. Zhang, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched fiber laser with high quality topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ film,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11508–11515 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ming, S. Tao, W. Yang, Q. Chen, R. Sun, C. Wang, S. Wang, B. Man, and H. Zhang, “Mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on PbS/CdS core/shell quantum dots as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 26(7), 9017–9026 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Laser Technol. (3)

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 μm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Cai, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, Y. Q. Li, J. Liu, C. Li, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene saturable absorber for diode pumped Yb: Sc2SiO5 mode-locked laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 65, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. T. Zhu, J. Liu, S. Z. Jiang, S. C. Xu, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb, Y:CaF2 laser mode-locked by monolayer graphene,” Opt. Laser Technol. 75, 83–86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. X. Huang, and H. Y. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).
[Crossref]

Photon. Res. (2)

Sci. Rep. (1)

L. Sun, Z. Lin, J. Peng, J. Weng, Y. Huang, and Z. Luo, “Preparation of few-layer bismuth selenide by liquid-phase-exfoliation and its optical absorption properties,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4794 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Y. Z. Huang and Z. Q. Luo. “Passively Q-switched linear-cavity erbium-doped fiber laser with few-layer TI: Bi2Se3 saturable absorber.” Fiber-Based Technologies and Applications. Optical Society of America, FTh3D. 5 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The SEM image of the Bi2Se3 nanosheets with the scale of 1000 nm. (b) The SEM image of the Bi2Se3 nanosheets with the scale of 200 nm. (c) The Raman spectrum of the Bi2Se3 nanosheets. (d) The X-ray Diffraction of the Bi2Se3 nanosheets.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 X-ray diffraction of the Bi2Se3 nanosheets.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The AFM image. (b) The corresponding height of the AFM image.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The image of the Bi2Se3 on SiO2 substrate. (b) The image of the Bi2Se3 nanosheets on pyrolysis tape. (c) The image of the optical connector with the pyrolysis tape.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The nonlinear absorption property of the Bi2Se3 mode-locker.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The schematic diagram of the passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Typical oscilloscope traces of the Q-switched pulse trains under different pump powers: (a) 80 mW, (b) 220 mW, (c) 370 mW and (d) 529.3 mW.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The emission spectrum of the fiber laser at a pump power of 530 mW. (b) typical single pulse shape.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) pulse repetition rate and duration as a function of incident pump power. (b) Average output power and single pulse energy as a function of the pump power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of passively Q-switched Er-doped lasers based on different SAs.

Equations (1)

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T(I)=1 T ns ΔT×exp(I/ I sat )

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