Abstract

CsSrI3:3%Eu (Φ10×55mm), CsSrI3:5%Eu (Φ10×50mm) and CsSrI3:7%Eu (Φ10×45mm) single crystals have been successfully grown by the edge-defined film-fed growth method for the first time, with the growth rate reaching 10-20mm/h. We designed a crystal growth device that achieved the first growth of this binary scintillation crystal by the EFG method. The raw material purification, temperature gradient of experimental device and growth rate, which are the effect factors of crystal quality, were systematically investigated. Moreover, the effect of Eu2+ concentration on optical properties were studied. The Eu2+ 5d-4f emission band was observed at 450-455nm, and the PL decay time was determined as 1.32µs for CsSrI3:3%Eu, 1.35µs for CsSrI3:5%Eu and 0.73µs for CsSrI3:7%Eu.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  2. N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. Stand, M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, and C. L. Melcher, “Growth and characterization of potassium strontium iodide: A new high light yield scintillator with 2.4% energy resolution,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 780, 40–44 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. Yang, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of CsSr1-xEux I3 high light yield scintillators,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 5(1), 43–45 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Tyagi, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Theoretical and experimental characterization of promising new scintillators: Eu2+ doped CsCaCl3 and CsCaI3,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(20), 203504 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Suta and C. Wickleder, “Photoluminescence of CsMI3:Eu2+ (M = Mg, Ca, and Sr) – a spectroscopic probe on structural distortions,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(20), 5233–5245 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

L. Stand, M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, and C. L. Melcher, “Growth and characterization of potassium strontium iodide: A new high light yield scintillator with 2.4% energy resolution,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 780, 40–44 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Suta and C. Wickleder, “Photoluminescence of CsMI3:Eu2+ (M = Mg, Ca, and Sr) – a spectroscopic probe on structural distortions,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(20), 5233–5245 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. Tyagi, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Theoretical and experimental characterization of promising new scintillators: Eu2+ doped CsCaCl3 and CsCaI3,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(20), 203504 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

K. Yang, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of CsSr1-xEux I3 high light yield scintillators,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 5(1), 43–45 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bizarri, G.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blalock, B.

M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boatner, L. A.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Borade, R.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bourret-Courchesne, E. D.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Burger, A.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Canning, A.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chaudhry, A.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cherepy, N. J.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cherginets, V. L.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Choong, W.-S.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Combes, C. M.

C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
[Crossref]

Datsko, Y. N.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Derenzo, S. E.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dorenbos, P.

E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
[Crossref]

Drobshoff, A. D.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Eijk, C. W. E. V.

C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
[Crossref]

Grippa, A. Y.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gudel, H. U.

E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gundiah, G.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hanrahan, S. M.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hull, G.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koschan, M.

M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kosinov, N. N.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kramer, K. W.

E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lindsey, A.

L. Stand, M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, and C. L. Melcher, “Growth and characterization of potassium strontium iodide: A new high light yield scintillator with 2.4% energy resolution,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 780, 40–44 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lindsey, A. C.

A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lopin, N. V.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Melcher, C. L.

A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Stand, M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, and C. L. Melcher, “Growth and characterization of potassium strontium iodide: A new high light yield scintillator with 2.4% energy resolution,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 780, 40–44 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Tyagi, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Theoretical and experimental characterization of promising new scintillators: Eu2+ doped CsCaCl3 and CsCaI3,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(20), 203504 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Yang, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of CsSr1-xEux I3 high light yield scintillators,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 5(1), 43–45 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moses, W. W.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pedash, V. Y.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ponomarenko, T. V.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rebrova, N. V.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Roy, U. N.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shah, K.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stand, L.

A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Stand, M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, and C. L. Melcher, “Growth and characterization of potassium strontium iodide: A new high light yield scintillator with 2.4% energy resolution,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 780, 40–44 (2015).
[Crossref]

Suta, M.

M. Suta and C. Wickleder, “Photoluminescence of CsMI3:Eu2+ (M = Mg, Ca, and Sr) – a spectroscopic probe on structural distortions,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(20), 5233–5245 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tarasov, V. A.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tyagi, M.

M. Tyagi, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Theoretical and experimental characterization of promising new scintillators: Eu2+ doped CsCaCl3 and CsCaI3,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(20), 203504 (2013).
[Crossref]

Van Eijk, C. W. E.

E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
[Crossref]

Van Loef, E.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Van Loef, E. V. D.

E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wickleder, C.

M. Suta and C. Wickleder, “Photoluminescence of CsMI3:Eu2+ (M = Mg, Ca, and Sr) – a spectroscopic probe on structural distortions,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(20), 5233–5245 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wilson, C. M.

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. T.

A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Yang, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of CsSr1-xEux I3 high light yield scintillators,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 5(1), 43–45 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zelenskaya, O. V.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zenya, I. M.

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhuravleva, M.

L. Stand, M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, and C. L. Melcher, “Growth and characterization of potassium strontium iodide: A new high light yield scintillator with 2.4% energy resolution,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 780, 40–44 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Tyagi, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Theoretical and experimental characterization of promising new scintillators: Eu2+ doped CsCaCl3 and CsCaI3,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(20), 203504 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Yang, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of CsSr1-xEux I3 high light yield scintillators,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 5(1), 43–45 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. V. D. Van Loef, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. Van Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “High-energy-resolution scintillator: Ce3+ activated LaCl3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(10), 1467–1468 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. J. Cherepy, G. Hull, A. D. Drobshoff, S. A. Payne, E. Van Loef, C. M. Wilson, K. Shah, U. N. Roy, A. Burger, L. A. Boatner, W.-S. Choong, and W. W. Moses, “Strontium and barium iodide high light yield scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(8), 083508 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Tyagi, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Theoretical and experimental characterization of promising new scintillators: Eu2+ doped CsCaCl3 and CsCaI3,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(20), 203504 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

M. Zhuravleva, B. Blalock, K. Yang, M. Koschan, and C. L. Melcher, “New single crystal scintillators: CsCaCl3:Eu and CsCaI3:Eu,” J. Cryst. Growth 352(1), 115–119 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. V. Eijk, K. W. Kramer, and H. U. Gudel, “Optical and scintillation properties of pure and Ce3+-doped Cs2LiYCl6 and Li3YCl6: Ce3+ crystals,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 299–305 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

M. Suta and C. Wickleder, “Photoluminescence of CsMI3:Eu2+ (M = Mg, Ca, and Sr) – a spectroscopic probe on structural distortions,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(20), 5233–5245 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. L. Cherginets, N. V. Rebrova, A. Y. Grippa, Y. N. Datsko, T. V. Ponomarenko, V. Y. Pedash, N. N. Kosinov, V. A. Tarasov, O. V. Zelenskaya, I. M. Zenya, and N. V. Lopin, “Scintillation properties of CsSrX3:Eu2+ (CsSr1-yEuyX3, X = Cl, Br; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.05) single crystals grown by the Bridgman method,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 143(3), 1296–1299 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A (2)

E. D. Bourret-Courchesne, G. Bizarri, R. Borade, Z. Yan, S. M. Hanrahan, G. Gundiah, A. Chaudhry, A. Canning, and S. E. Derenzo, “Eu2+-doped Ba2CsI5, a new high-performance scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 612(1), 138–142 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Stand, M. Zhuravleva, A. Lindsey, and C. L. Melcher, “Growth and characterization of potassium strontium iodide: A new high light yield scintillator with 2.4% energy resolution,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 780, 40–44 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (1)

A. C. Lindsey, M. Zhuravleva, L. Stand, Y. T. Wu, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of europium doped KCaI3, a high light yield scintillator,” Opt. Mater. 48, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi RRL (1)

K. Yang, M. Zhuravleva, and C. L. Melcher, “Crystal growth and characterization of CsSr1-xEux I3 high light yield scintillators,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 5(1), 43–45 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The schematic diagram of the growth apparatus.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) CsSrI3:3%Eu single crystal grown by EFG method. (b) CsSrI3:5%Eu single crystal grown by EFG method. (c) CsSrI3:7%Eu single crystal grown by EFG method.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Appearance of the surface of the synthetic compound before purification. (b) Appearance of the surface of the synthetic compound after purification. (c) The grown crystal before purification. (d)The grown crystal after purification.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) The figure of obtaining seed crystal by platinum wire. (b) The size of the seed crystal in our experiment.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The temperature gradient of the growth system: (a) before adjustment. (b) after adjustment.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The grown crystal in the furnace.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. X-ray diffraction patterns of CsSrI3: Eu powders obtained by grinding the grown crystals.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Hygroscopicity of CsSrI3 is characterized by moisture absorption rate.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. The PL spectrum of CsSrI3: Eu crystals.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. The decay curve profiles of CsSrI3: Eu crystals.