Abstract

Flexible and stretchable optoelectronics have attracted attention in recent years due to their remarkable capabilities for use in wearable computers, personal monitors, and other systems. These devices are conformal to human skin or tissue due to mechanical compliance, which is extremely suitable for biomedical or clinical applications, such as bionic devices, monitors, or curing diseases. This paper presents an overview of the flexible and stretchable inorganic optoelectronics, including mechanical design, photonic analysis, fabrication processing, some examples of the devices, and their applications in biomedical engineering. First, the recent technological advances in flexible designs and fabrication strategies are summarized. Then, the flexible and stretchable devices with different functionalities are described, including light-emitting devices, photodetectors, and other optical devices. Finally, we show the applications of flexible and stretchable optoelectronics on biomedical engineering. Also, we discuss the prospects of flexible and stretchable optoelectronic devices in the future.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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W. Ouyang, F. Teng, J. H. He, and X. Fang, “Enhancing the Photoelectric Performance of Photodetectors Based on Metal Oxide Semiconductors by Charge-Carrier Engineering,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 29(9), 1807672 (2019).
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M. Nasreldin, R. Delattre, B. Marchiori, M. Ramuz, S. Maria, J. L. D. de la Tocnaye, and T. Djenizian, “Microstructured electrodes supported on serpentine interconnects for stretchable electronics,” APL Mater. 7(3), 031507 (2019).
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S. Kanazawa, Y. Kusaka, N. Yamamoto, and H. Ushijima, “Improved Transfer Process for the Fully Additive Manufacturing of a Conductive Layer-Stacked Polymeric Cantilever,” Mater. Sci. Appl. 10(01), 45–52 (2019).
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H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
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S. S. Yoon and D. Y. Khang, “Stretchable, Bifacial Si-Organic Hybrid Solar Cells by Vertical Array of Si Micropillars Embedded into Elastomeric Substrates,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(3), 3290–3298 (2019).
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B. W. Pogue, “Biomedical Engineering or Biomedical Optics: Will the Real Discipline Please Stand Up?” J. Biomed. Opt. 24(04), 1 (2019).
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H. Li, C. Zhang, and X. Feng, “Monte Carlo simulation of light scattering in tissue for the design of skin-like optical devices,” Biomed. Opt. Express 10(2), 868–878 (2019).
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R. H. Horng, S. Sinha, C. P. Lee, H. A. Feng, C. Y. Chung, and C. W. Tu, “Composite metal substrate for thin film AlGaInP LED applications,” Opt. Express 27(8), A397–A403 (2019).
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2018 (20)

H. Cho, S. Han, J. Kwon, J. Jung, H. J. Kim, H. Kim, H. Eom, S. Hong, and S. H. Ko, “Self-assembled stretchable photonic crystal for a tunable color filter,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3501–3504 (2018).
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Y. Yuan, D. Wang, B. Zhou, S. Feng, M. Sun, S. Zhang, W. Gao, Y. Bi, and H. Qin, “High luminous fluorescence generation using Ce: YAG transparent ceramic excited by blue laser diode,” Opt. Mater. Express 8(9), 2760–2767 (2018).
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L. Li, H. Lin, S. Qiao, Y. Z. Huang, J. Y. Li, J. Michon, T. Gu, C. Alosno-Ramos, L. Vivien, A. Yadav, K. Richardson, N. Lu, and J. Hu, “Monolithically integrated stretchable photonics,” Light: Sci. Appl. 7(2), 17138 (2018).
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Y. Liu, C. Li, Z. Ren, S. Yan, and M. R. Bryce, “All-organic thermally activated delayed fluorescence materials for organic light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 3(4), 18020 (2018).
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F. Teng, K. Hu, W. Ouyang, and X. Fang, “Photoelectric Detectors Based on Inorganic p-Type Semiconductor Materials,” Adv. Mater. 30(35), 1706262 (2018).
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K. Zhang, S. Wang, and Y. Yang, “A One-Structure-Based Piezo-Tribo-Pyro-Photoelectric Effects Coupled Nanogenerator for Simultaneously Scavenging Mechanical, Thermal, and Solar Energies,” Adv. Energy Mater. 7(6), 1601852 (2017).
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A. M. V. Mohan, N. Kim, Y. Gu, A. J. Bandodkar, J. M. You, R. Kumar, J. F. Kurniawan, S. Xu, and J. Wang, “Merging of Thin- and Thick-Film Fabrication Technologies: Toward Soft Stretchable “Island-Bridge” Devices,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 2(4), 1600284 (2017).
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J. R. Sempionatto, T. Nakagawa, A. Pavinatto, S. T. Mensah, S. Imani, P. Mercier, and J. Wang, “Eyeglasses based wireless electrolyte and metabolite sensor platform,” Lab Chip 17(10), 1834–1842 (2017).
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M. Choi, B. Jang, W. Lee, S. Lee, T. W. Kim, H. J. Lee, J. H. Kim, and J. H. Ahn, “Stretchable Active Matrix Inorganic Light-Emitting Diode Display Enabled by Overlay-Aligned Roll-Transfer Printing,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(11), 1606005 (2017).
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B. Yin, H. Zhang, Y. Qiu, Y. Luo, Y. Zhao, and L. Hu, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced self-powered and broadband photodetectors based on Si/ZnO/CdO three-component heterojunctions,” Nano energy 40, 440–446 (2017).
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J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K. I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K. T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized Battery-Free Wireless Systems for Wearable Pulse Oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
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H. Lee, H. Ko, and J. Lee, “Reflectance pulse oximetry: Practical issues and limitations,” ICT Express 2(4), 195–198 (2016).
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I. Jeerapan, J. R. Sempionatto, A. Pavinatto, J.-M. You, and J. Wang, “Stretchable biofuel cells as wearable textile-based self-powered sensors,” J. Mater. Chem. A 4(47), 18342–18353 (2016).
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A. Koh, D. Kang, Y. Xue, S. Lee, R. M. Pielak, J. Kim, T. Hwang, S. Min, A. Banks, and P. Bastien, “A soft, wearable microfluidic device for the capture, storage, and colorimetric sensing of sweat,” Sci. Transl. Med. 8(366), 366ra165 (2016).
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H. Lee, T. K. Choi, Y. B. Lee, H. R. Cho, R. Ghaffari, L. Wang, H. J. Choi, T. D. Chung, N. Lu, and T. Hyeon, “A graphene-based electrochemical device with thermoresponsive microneedles for diabetes monitoring and therapy,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(6), 566–572 (2016).
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I. Tubia, M. Mujika, J. Artieda, M. Valencia, and S. Arana, “Soft polymer sensor for recording surface cortical activity in freely moving rodents,” Sens. Actuators, A 251, 241–247 (2016).
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J. J. Wang, J. X. Xie, C. Y. Zong, X. Han, H. P. Ji, J. X. Zhao, and C. H. Lu, “Surface treatment-assisted switchable transfer printing on polydimethylsiloxane films,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(16), 3467–3476 (2016).
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H. Lee, D. S. Um, Y. Lee, S. Lim, H. J. Kim, and H. Ko, “Octopus-Inspired Smart Adhesive Pads for Transfer Printing of Semiconducting Nanomembranes,” Adv. Mater. 28(34), 7457–7465 (2016).
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Y. Huang, N. Zheng, Z. Cheng, Y. Chen, B. Lu, T. Xie, and X. Feng, “Direct Laser Writing-Based Programmable Transfer Printing via Bioinspired Shape Memory Reversible Adhesive,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(51), 35628–35633 (2016).
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W. Chee, H. Lim, Z. Zainal, N. Huang, I. Harrison, and Y. Andou, “Flexible graphene-based supercapacitors: a review,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(8), 4153–4172 (2016).
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Z. Fan, Y. Zhang, Q. Ma, F. Zhang, H. Fu, K. C. Hwang, and Y. Huang, “A finite deformation model of planar serpentine interconnects for stretchable electronics,” Int. J. Solids Struct. 91, 46–54 (2016).
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S. Choi, H. Lee, R. Ghaffari, T. Hyeon, and D. H. Kim, “Recent advances in flexible and stretchable bio-electronic devices integrated with nanomaterials,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4203–4218 (2016).
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J. Wang, S. Li, F. Yi, Y. Zi, J. Lin, X. Wang, Y. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Sustainably powering wearable electronics solely by biomechanical energy,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 12744 (2016).
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X. Lan, O. Voznyy, A. Kiani, F. P. García de Arquer, A. S. Abbas, G. H. Kim, M. Liu, Z. Yang, G. Walters, and J. Xu, “Passivation using molecular halides increases quantum dot solar cell performance,” Adv. Mater. 28(2), 299–304 (2016).
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B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
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S. Li, B. N. Peele, C. M. Larson, H. C. Zhao, and R. F. Shepherd, “A Stretchable Multicolor Display and Touch Interface Using Photopatterning and Transfer Printing,” Adv. Mater. 28(44), 9770–9775 (2016).
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G. J. Brady, A. J. Way, N. S. Safron, H. T. Evensen, P. Gopalan, and M. S. Arnold, “Quasi-ballistic carbon nanotube array transistors with current density exceeding Si and GaAs,” Sci. Adv. 2(9), e1601240 (2016).
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M. Englhard, C. Klemp, M. Behringer, A. Rudolph, O. Skibitzki, P. Zaumseil, and T. Schroeder, “Characterization of reclaimed GaAs substrates and investigation of reuse for thin film InGaAlP LED epitaxial growth,” J. Appl. Phys. 120(4), 045301 (2016).
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K. K. Xu, “Integrated Silicon Directly Modulated Light Source Using p-Well in Standard CMOS Technology,” IEEE Sens. J. 16(16), 6184–6191 (2016).
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I. Åberg, G. Vescovi, D. Asoli, U. Naseem, J. P. Gilboy, C. Sundvall, A. Dahlgren, K. E. Svensson, N. Anttu, and M. T. Björk, “A GaAs nanowire array solar cell with 15.3% efficiency at 1 sun,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 185–190 (2016).
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S. H. Lee, J. W. Kim, T. I. Lee, and J. M. Myoung, “Inorganic Nano Light-Emitting Transistor: p-Type Porous Silicon Nanowire/n-Type ZnO Nanofilm,” Small 12(31), 4222–4228 (2016).
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M. J. Tan, C. Owh, P. L. Chee, A. K. K. Kyaw, D. Kai, and X. J. Loh, “Biodegradable electronics: cornerstone for sustainable electronics and transient applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(24), 5531–5558 (2016).
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J. Liu, Y. Liang, L. Wang, B. Wang, T. Zhang, and F. Yi, “Fabrication and photosensitivity of CdS photoresistor on silica nanopillars substrate,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 56, 217–221 (2016).
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J. Liu, S. Chen, D. Qian, B. Gautam, G. Yang, J. Zhao, J. Bergqvist, F. Zhang, W. Ma, and H. Ade, “Fast charge separation in a non-fullerene organic solar cell with a small driving force,” Nat. Energy 1(7), 16089 (2016).
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Y. Zhang, D. J. Hellebusch, N. D. Bronstein, C. Ko, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors exploiting electrostatic trapping and percolation transport,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11924 (2016).
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N. W. Rosemann, J. P. Eußner, A. Beyer, S. W. Koch, K. Volz, S. Dehnen, and S. Chatterjee, “A highly efficient directional molecular white-light emitter driven by a continuous-wave laser diode,” Science 352(6291), 1301–1304 (2016).
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M. Saliba, T. Matsui, K. Domanski, J.-Y. Seo, A. Ummadisingu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, J.-P. Correa-Baena, W. R. Tress, A. Abate, and A. Hagfeldt, “Incorporation of rubidium cations into perovskite solar cells improves photovoltaic performance,” Science 354(6309), 206–209 (2016).
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A. Polman, M. Knight, E. C. Garnett, B. Ehrler, and W. C. Sinke, “Photovoltaic materials: Present efficiencies and future challenges,” Science 352(6283), aad4424 (2016).
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2015 (26)

W. S. Yang, J. H. Noh, N. J. Jeon, Y. C. Kim, S. Ryu, J. Seo, and S. I. Seok, “High-performance photovoltaic perovskite layers fabricated through intramolecular exchange,” Science 348(6240), 1234–1237 (2015).
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J. W. Sun, J. Y. Baek, K.-H. Kim, C.-K. Moon, J.-H. Lee, S.-K. Kwon, Y.-H. Kim, and J.-J. Kim, “Thermally activated delayed fluorescence from azasiline based intramolecular charge-transfer emitter (DTPDDA) and a highly efficient blue light emitting diode,” Chem. Mater. 27(19), 6675–6681 (2015).
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Y. J. Cho, K. S. Yook, and J. Y. Lee, “Cool and warm hybrid white organic light-emitting diode with blue delayed fluorescent emitter both as blue emitter and triplet host,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7859 (2015).
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X. Zhou, L. Gan, W. Tian, Q. Zhang, S. Jin, H. Li, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and T. Zhai, “Ultrathin SnSe2 Flakes Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition for High-Performance Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8035–8041 (2015).
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J. Yu, S. Jin, Q. Wei, Z. Zang, H. Lu, X. He, Y. Luo, J. Tang, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Hybrid optical fiber add-drop filter based on wavelength dependent light coupling between micro/nano fiber ring and side-polished fiber,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7710 (2015).
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J.-H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N.-G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
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D. H. Cao, C. C. Stoumpos, O. K. Farha, J. T. Hupp, and M. G. Kanatzidis, “2D homologous perovskites as light-absorbing materials for solar cell applications,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137(24), 7843–7850 (2015).
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A. Tzur-Balter, G. Shtenberg, and E. Segal, “Porous silicon for cancer therapy: from fundamental research to the clinic,” Rev. Chem. Eng. 31(3), 193–207 (2015).
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M. K. Choi, I. Park, D. C. Kim, E. Joh, O. K. Park, J. Kim, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Yang, K. W. Cho, J. H. Hwang, J. M. Nam, T. Hyeon, J. H. Kim, and D. H. Kim, “Thermally Controlled, Patterned Graphene Transfer Printing for Transparent and Wearable Electronic/Optoelectronic System,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(46), 7109–7118 (2015).
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A. J. Bandodkar, W. Jia, C. Yardımcı, X. Wang, J. Ramirez, and J. Wang, “Tattoo-based noninvasive glucose monitoring: a proof-of-concept study,” Anal. Chem. 87(1), 394–398 (2015).
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Y. Chen, B. Lu, Y. Chen, and X. Feng, “Breathable and stretchable temperature sensors inspired by skin,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11505 (2015).
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J. Song, “Mechanics of stretchable electronics,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 19(3), 160–170 (2015).
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Z. Liu, J. Xu, D. Chen, and G. Shen, “Flexible electronics based on inorganic nanowires,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(1), 161–192 (2015).
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S. Yang, C. Wang, H. Sahin, H. Chen, Y. Li, S.-S. Li, A. Suslu, F. M. Peeters, Q. Liu, and J. Li, “Tuning the optical, magnetic, and electrical properties of ReSe2 by nanoscale strain engineering,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1660–1666 (2015).
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J. Wu and L. Y. Lin, “A flexible nanocrystal photovoltaic ultraviolet photodetector on a plant membrane,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(11), 1530–1536 (2015).
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Z. Lou, L. Li, and G. Shen, “High-performance rigid and flexible ultraviolet photodetectors with single-crystalline ZnGa 2 O 4 nanowires,” Nano Res. 8(7), 2162–2169 (2015).
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Z. Pei, H.-C. Lai, J.-Y. Wang, W.-H. Chiang, and C.-H. Chen, “High-responsivity and high-sensitivity graphene dots/a-IGZO thin-film phototransistor,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(1), 44–46 (2015).
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Z. Zheng, L. Gan, H. Li, Y. Ma, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and T. Zhai, “Photodetectors: A Fully Transparent and Flexible Ultraviolet–Visible Photodetector Based on Controlled Electrospun ZnO-CdO Heterojunction Nanofiber Arrays (Adv. Funct. Mater. 37/2015),” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(37), 5877 (2015).
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Z. Zheng, L. Gan, H. Li, Y. Ma, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and T. Zhai, “A Fully Transparent and Flexible Ultraviolet–Visible Photodetector Based on Controlled Electrospun ZnO-CdO Heterojunction Nanofiber Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(37), 5885–5894 (2015).
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M. Park, H. J. Kim, I. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Lee, H. J. Son, D.-E. Kim, and M. J. Ko, “Mechanically Recoverable and Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells: Investigation of Intrinsic Flexibility of Organic-Inorganic Perovskite,” Adv. Energy Mater. 5(22), 1501406 (2015).
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L. Li, F. Zhang, J. Wang, Q. An, Q. Sun, W. Wang, J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Achieving EQE of 16,700% in P3HT: PC 71 BM based photodetectors by trap-assisted photomultiplication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9181 (2015).
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H. Wei, Y. Fang, Y. Yuan, L. Shen, and J. Huang, “Trap engineering of CdTe nanoparticle for high gain, fast response, and low noise P3HT: CdTe nanocomposite photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27(34), 4975–4981 (2015).
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A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, and Z. Zhao, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
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Z. Ling, R. Yang, J. Chai, S. Wang, W. Leong, Y. Tong, D. Lei, Q. Zhou, X. Gong, and D. Chi, “Large-scale two-dimensional MoS 2 photodetectors by magnetron sputtering,” Opt. Express 23(10), 13580–13586 (2015).
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J. Zhang, Q. Yang, K. Saito, K. Nozato, D. R. Williams, and E. A. Rossi, “An adaptive optics imaging system designed for clinical use,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(6), 2120–2137 (2015).
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H. Li, T. Chen, S. Hu, X. Li, Y. Liu, P. Lee, X. Wang, H. Li, and G. Lo, “Highly spectrum-selective ultraviolet photodetector based on p-NiO/n-IGZO thin film heterojunction structure,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27683–27689 (2015).
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2014 (12)

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An intrinsically stretchable nanowire photodetector with a fully embedded structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
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X. Yang, E. Mutlugun, C. Dang, K. Dev, Y. Gao, S. T. Tan, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Highly flexible, electrically driven, top-emitting, quantum dot light-emitting stickers,” ACS nano 8(8), 8224–8231 (2014).
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R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum dots-based flexible films and their application as the phosphor in white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
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I. Johnston, D. McCluskey, C. Tan, and M. Tracey, “Mechanical characterization of bulk Sylgard 184 for microfluidics and microengineering,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(3), 035017 (2014).
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X. Fu, C. Su, Q. Fu, X. Zhu, R. Zhu, C. Liu, Z. Liao, J. Xu, W. Guo, J. Feng, J. Li, and D. Yu, “Tailoring exciton dynamics by elastic strain-gradient in semiconductors,” Adv. Mater. 26(16), 2572–2579 (2014).
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K. Deng and L. Li, “CdS nanoscale photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 26(17), 2619–2635 (2014).
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J. A. Fan, W. H. Yeo, Y. Su, Y. Hattori, W. Lee, S. Y. Jung, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, L. Falgout, M. Bajema, T. Coleman, D. Gregoire, R. J. Larsen, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3266 (2014).
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G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
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H. Tao, S.-W. Hwang, B. Marelli, B. An, J. E. Moreau, M. Yang, M. A. Brenckle, S. Kim, D. L. Kaplan, and J. A. Rogers, “Silk-based resorbable electronic devices for remotely controlled therapy and in vivo infection abatement,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 111(49), 17385–17389 (2014).
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P. Gentile, V. Chiono, I. Carmagnola, and P. Hatton, “An overview of poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA)-based biomaterials for bone tissue engineering,” Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15(3), 3640–3659 (2014).
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S. B. Desai, G. Seol, J. S. Kang, H. Fang, C. Battaglia, R. Kapadia, J. W. Ager, J. Guo, and A. Javey, “Strain-induced indirect to direct bandgap transition in multilayer WSe2,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4592–4597 (2014).
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J. Kim, M. Lee, H. J. Shim, R. Ghaffari, H. R. Cho, D. Son, Y. H. Jung, M. Soh, C. Choi, and S. Jung, “Stretchable silicon nanoribbon electronics for skin prosthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5747 (2014).
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2013 (13)

R. Li, M. Li, Y. W. Su, J. Z. Song, and X. Q. Ni, “An analytical mechanics model for the island-bridge structure of stretchable electronics,” Soft Matter 9(35), 8476–8482 (2013).
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M. Olle and A. Viršile, “The effects of light-emitting diode lighting on greenhouse plant growth and quality,” Agric. Food Sci. 22(2), 223–234 (2013).
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H. J. Conley, B. Wang, J. I. Ziegler, R. F. Haglund Jr, S. T. Pantelides, and K. I. Bolotin, “Bandgap engineering of strained monolayer and bilayer MoS2,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3626–3630 (2013).
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M. Vosgueritchian, J. B.-H. Tok, and Z. Bao, “Stretchable LEDs: Light-emitting electronic skin,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 769–771 (2013).
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M. S. White, M. Kaltenbrunner, E. D. Głowacki, K. Gutnichenko, G. Kettlgruber, I. Graz, S. Aazou, C. Ulbricht, D. A. Egbe, and M. C. Miron, “Ultrathin, highly flexible and stretchable PLEDs,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 811–816 (2013).
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K. J. Baeg, M. Binda, D. Natali, M. Caironi, and Y. Y. Noh, “Organic light detectors: photodiodes and phototransistors,” Adv. Mater. 25(31), 4267–4295 (2013).
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G. Signorello, S. Karg, M.T. Björk, B. Gotsmann, and H. Riel, “Tuning the light emission from GaAs nanowires over 290 meV with uniaxial strain,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 917–924 (2013).
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W. Tian, T. Zhai, C. Zhang, S. L. Li, X. Wang, F. Liu, D. Liu, X. Cai, K. Tsukagoshi, and D. Golberg, “Low-Cost Fully Transparent Ultraviolet Photodetectors Based on Electrospun ZnO-SnO2 Heterojunction Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. 25(33), 4625–4630 (2013).
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F. Zhang, S. Niu, W. Guo, G. Zhu, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, and Z. L. Wang, “Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible/UV photodetector of a carbon-fiber/ZnO-CdS double-shell microwire,” Acs Nano 7(5), 4537–4544 (2013).
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X. Wang, W. Song, B. Liu, G. Chen, D. Chen, C. Zhou, and G. Shen, “High-performance organic-inorganic hybrid photodetectors based on P3HT: CdSe nanowire heterojunctions on rigid and flexible substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(9), 1202–1209 (2013).
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Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
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J. J. Hu, L. Li, H. T. Lin, P. Zhang, W. D. Zhou, and Z. Q. Ma, “Flexible integrated photonics: where materials, mechanics and optics meet [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1313–1331 (2013).
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T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
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2012 (11)

L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, J. Wang, B. Niu, and M. Qi, “Direct fabrication of silicon photonic devices on a flexible platform and its application for strain sensing,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20564–20575 (2012).
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J. Qi, X. Qian, L. Qi, J. Feng, D. Shi, and J. Li, “Strain-engineering of band gaps in piezoelectric boron nitride nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1224–1228 (2012).
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S.-J. Kim, D.-S. Lee, I.-G. Kim, D.-W. Sohn, J.-Y. Park, B.-K. Choi, and S.-W. Kim, “Evaluation of the biocompatibility of a coating material for an implantable bladder volume sensor,” The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 28(3), 123–129 (2012).
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T.-H. Han, Y. Lee, M.-R. Choi, S.-H. Woo, S.-H. Bae, B. H. Hong, J.-H. Ahn, and T.-W. Lee, “Extremely efficient flexible organic light-emitting diodes with modified graphene anode,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 105–110 (2012).
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M. Koo, S. Y. Park, and K. J. Lee, “Biointegrated flexible inorganic light emitting diodes,” NDD 2012(1), 5–15 (2012).
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A. Carlson, A. M. Bowen, Y. Huang, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing techniques for materials assembly and micro/nanodevice fabrication,” Adv. Mater. 24(39), 5284–5318 (2012).
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J. Justice, C. Bower, M. Meitl, M. B. Mooney, M. A. Gubbins, and B. Corbett, “Wafer-scale integration of group III–V lasers on silicon using transfer printing of epitaxial layers,” Nat. Photonics 6(9), 610–614 (2012).
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A. Carlson, A. M. Bowen, Y. Huang, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing techniques for materials assembly and micro/nanodevice fabrication,” Adv. Mater. 24(39), 5284–5318 (2012).
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M. F. El-Kady, V. Strong, S. Dubin, and R. B. Kaner, “Laser scribing of high-performance and flexible graphene-based electrochemical capacitors,” Science 335(6074), 1326–1330 (2012).
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M. S. Mannoor, H. Tao, J. D. Clayton, A. Sengupta, D. L. Kaplan, R. R. Naik, N. Verma, F. G. Omenetto, and M. C. McAlpine, “Graphene-based wireless bacteria detection on tooth enamel,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 763 (2012).
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M. Kaltenbrunner, M. S. White, E. D. Głowacki, T. Sekitani, T. Someya, N. S. Sariciftci, and S. Bauer, “Ultrathin and lightweight organic solar cells with high flexibility,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 770 (2012).
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2011 (9)

D.-H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y.-S. Kim, R.-H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, and A. Islam, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
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T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
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J.-J. Kim, M.-K. Han, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Flexible OLEDs and organic electronics,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(3), 030301 (2011).
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Y. B. Wang, L. F. Wang, H. J. Joyce, Q. Gao, X. Z. Liao, Y. W. Mai, H. H. Tan, J. Zou, S. P. Ringer, H. J. Gao, and C. Jagadish, “Super deformability and Young's modulus of GaAs nanowires,” Adv. Mater. 23(11), 1356–1360 (2011).
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X. Feng, B. D. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Dagdeviren, Z. Liu, A. Carlson, J. Li, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable ferroelectric nanoribbons with wavy configurations on elastomeric substrates,” ACS Nano 5(4), 3326–3332 (2011).
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L. Hu, J. Yan, M. Liao, L. Wu, and X. Fang, “Ultrahigh external quantum efficiency from thin SnO2 nanowire ultraviolet photodetectors,” Small 7(8), 1012–1017 (2011).
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H. S. Kim, E. Brueckner, J. Z. Song, Y. H. Li, S. Kim, C. F. Lu, J. Sulkin, K. Choquette, Y. G. Huang, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Unusual strategies for using indium gallium nitride grown on silicon (111) for solid-state lighting,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 108(25), 10072–10077 (2011).
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J. Lee, J. Wu, M. Shi, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, M. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable GaAs photovoltaics with designs that enable high areal coverage,” Adv. Mater. 23(8), 986–991 (2011).
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S. I. Park, A. P. Le, J. Wu, Y. Huang, X. Li, and J. A. Rogers, “Light Emission Characteristics and Mechanics of Foldable Inorganic Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3062–3066 (2010).
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T. S. Pan, M. Pharr, Y. J. Ma, R. Ning, Z. Yan, R. X. Xu, X. Feng, Y. G. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Serpentine Interconnects on Ultrathin Elastomers for Stretchable Electronics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(37), 1702589 (2017).
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S. I. Park, Y. J. Xiong, R. H. Kim, P. Elvikis, M. Meitl, D. H. Kim, J. Wu, J. Yoon, C. J. Yu, Z. J. Liu, Y. G. Huang, K. Hwang, P. Ferreira, X. L. Li, K. Choquette, and J. A. Rogers, “Printed Assemblies of Inorganic Light-Emitting Diodes for Deformable and Semitransparent Displays,” Science 325(5943), 977–981 (2009).
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H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
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N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
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M. S. White, M. Kaltenbrunner, E. D. Głowacki, K. Gutnichenko, G. Kettlgruber, I. Graz, S. Aazou, C. Ulbricht, D. A. Egbe, and M. C. Miron, “Ultrathin, highly flexible and stretchable PLEDs,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 811–816 (2013).
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M. Kaltenbrunner, G. Kettlgruber, C. Siket, R. Schwödiauer, and S. Bauer, “Arrays of ultracompliant electrochemical dry gel cells for stretchable electronics,” Adv. Mater. 22(18), 2065–2067 (2010).
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S. S. Yoon and D. Y. Khang, “Stretchable, Bifacial Si-Organic Hybrid Solar Cells by Vertical Array of Si Micropillars Embedded into Elastomeric Substrates,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(3), 3290–3298 (2019).
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X. Lan, O. Voznyy, A. Kiani, F. P. García de Arquer, A. S. Abbas, G. H. Kim, M. Liu, Z. Yang, G. Walters, and J. Xu, “Passivation using molecular halides increases quantum dot solar cell performance,” Adv. Mater. 28(2), 299–304 (2016).
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Kikuchi, K.

Kim, B. H.

B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
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R. H. Kim, M. H. Bae, D. G. Kim, H. Cheng, B. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. Li, J. Wu, F. Du, H. S. Kim, S. Kim, D. Estrada, S. W. Hong, Y. Huang, E. Pop, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3881–3886 (2011).
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Kim, C.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
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Kim, C. S.

S. J. Choi, H. J. Ahn, M. K. Yang, C. S. Kim, W. S. Sim, J. A. Kim, J. G. Kang, J. K. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, “Comparison of desaturation and resaturation response times between transmission and reflectance pulse oximeters,” Acta Anaesthesiol. Scand. 54(2), 212–217 (2010).
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Kim, D. C.

M. K. Choi, I. Park, D. C. Kim, E. Joh, O. K. Park, J. Kim, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Yang, K. W. Cho, J. H. Hwang, J. M. Nam, T. Hyeon, J. H. Kim, and D. H. Kim, “Thermally Controlled, Patterned Graphene Transfer Printing for Transparent and Wearable Electronic/Optoelectronic System,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(46), 7109–7118 (2015).
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Kim, D. G.

R. H. Kim, M. H. Bae, D. G. Kim, H. Cheng, B. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. Li, J. Wu, F. Du, H. S. Kim, S. Kim, D. Estrada, S. W. Hong, Y. Huang, E. Pop, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3881–3886 (2011).
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Kim, D. H.

S. Choi, H. Lee, R. Ghaffari, T. Hyeon, and D. H. Kim, “Recent advances in flexible and stretchable bio-electronic devices integrated with nanomaterials,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4203–4218 (2016).
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M. K. Choi, I. Park, D. C. Kim, E. Joh, O. K. Park, J. Kim, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Yang, K. W. Cho, J. H. Hwang, J. M. Nam, T. Hyeon, J. H. Kim, and D. H. Kim, “Thermally Controlled, Patterned Graphene Transfer Printing for Transparent and Wearable Electronic/Optoelectronic System,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(46), 7109–7118 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. H. Kim, M. H. Bae, D. G. Kim, H. Cheng, B. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. Li, J. Wu, F. Du, H. S. Kim, S. Kim, D. Estrada, S. W. Hong, Y. Huang, E. Pop, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3881–3886 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. I. Park, Y. J. Xiong, R. H. Kim, P. Elvikis, M. Meitl, D. H. Kim, J. Wu, J. Yoon, C. J. Yu, Z. J. Liu, Y. G. Huang, K. Hwang, P. Ferreira, X. L. Li, K. Choquette, and J. A. Rogers, “Printed Assemblies of Inorganic Light-Emitting Diodes for Deformable and Semitransparent Displays,” Science 325(5943), 977–981 (2009).
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Kim, D.-E.

M. Park, H. J. Kim, I. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Lee, H. J. Son, D.-E. Kim, and M. J. Ko, “Mechanically Recoverable and Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells: Investigation of Intrinsic Flexibility of Organic-Inorganic Perovskite,” Adv. Energy Mater. 5(22), 1501406 (2015).
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Kim, D.-H.

M. K. Choi, J. Yang, T. Hyeon, and D.-H. Kim, “Flexible quantum dot light-emitting diodes for next-generation displays,” npj Flex Electron 2(1), 10 (2018).
[Crossref]

D.-H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y.-S. Kim, R.-H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, and A. Islam, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, G. H.

X. Lan, O. Voznyy, A. Kiani, F. P. García de Arquer, A. S. Abbas, G. H. Kim, M. Liu, Z. Yang, G. Walters, and J. Xu, “Passivation using molecular halides increases quantum dot solar cell performance,” Adv. Mater. 28(2), 299–304 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Kim, H. J.

H. Cho, S. Han, J. Kwon, J. Jung, H. J. Kim, H. Kim, H. Eom, S. Hong, and S. H. Ko, “Self-assembled stretchable photonic crystal for a tunable color filter,” Opt. Lett. 43(15), 3501–3504 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, D. S. Um, Y. Lee, S. Lim, H. J. Kim, and H. Ko, “Octopus-Inspired Smart Adhesive Pads for Transfer Printing of Semiconducting Nanomembranes,” Adv. Mater. 28(34), 7457–7465 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Park, H. J. Kim, I. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Lee, H. J. Son, D.-E. Kim, and M. J. Ko, “Mechanically Recoverable and Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells: Investigation of Intrinsic Flexibility of Organic-Inorganic Perovskite,” Adv. Energy Mater. 5(22), 1501406 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. S.

H. S. Kim, E. Brueckner, J. Z. Song, Y. H. Li, S. Kim, C. F. Lu, J. Sulkin, K. Choquette, Y. G. Huang, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Unusual strategies for using indium gallium nitride grown on silicon (111) for solid-state lighting,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 108(25), 10072–10077 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. H. Kim, M. H. Bae, D. G. Kim, H. Cheng, B. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. Li, J. Wu, F. Du, H. S. Kim, S. Kim, D. Estrada, S. W. Hong, Y. Huang, E. Pop, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3881–3886 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. J. Baca, M. A. Meitl, H. C. Ko, S. Mack, H. S. Kim, J. Dong, P. M. Ferreira, and J. A. Rogers, “Printable Single-Crystal Silicon Micro/Nanoscale Ribbons, Platelets and Bars Generated from Bulk Wafers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(16), 3051–3062 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-K.

J.-A. Jeong, H.-S. Shin, K.-H. Choi, and H.-K. Kim, “Flexible Al-doped ZnO films grown on PET substrates using linear facing target sputtering for flexible OLEDs,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 43(46), 465403 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, I.-G.

S.-J. Kim, D.-S. Lee, I.-G. Kim, D.-W. Sohn, J.-Y. Park, B.-K. Choi, and S.-W. Kim, “Evaluation of the biocompatibility of a coating material for an implantable bladder volume sensor,” The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 28(3), 123–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, A. S. Campbell, B. E.-F. de Ávila, and J. Wang, “Wearable biosensors for healthcare monitoring,” Nat. Biotechnol. 37(4), 389 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K. I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K. T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized Battery-Free Wireless Systems for Wearable Pulse Oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Koh, D. Kang, Y. Xue, S. Lee, R. M. Pielak, J. Kim, T. Hwang, S. Min, A. Banks, and P. Bastien, “A soft, wearable microfluidic device for the capture, storage, and colorimetric sensing of sweat,” Sci. Transl. Med. 8(366), 366ra165 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. K. Choi, I. Park, D. C. Kim, E. Joh, O. K. Park, J. Kim, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Yang, K. W. Cho, J. H. Hwang, J. M. Nam, T. Hyeon, J. H. Kim, and D. H. Kim, “Thermally Controlled, Patterned Graphene Transfer Printing for Transparent and Wearable Electronic/Optoelectronic System,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(46), 7109–7118 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, M. Lee, H. J. Shim, R. Ghaffari, H. R. Cho, D. Son, Y. H. Jung, M. Soh, C. Choi, and S. Jung, “Stretchable silicon nanoribbon electronics for skin prosthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5747 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. A.

S. J. Choi, H. J. Ahn, M. K. Yang, C. S. Kim, W. S. Sim, J. A. Kim, J. G. Kang, J. K. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, “Comparison of desaturation and resaturation response times between transmission and reflectance pulse oximeters,” Acta Anaesthesiol. Scand. 54(2), 212–217 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. H.

M. Choi, B. Jang, W. Lee, S. Lee, T. W. Kim, H. J. Lee, J. H. Kim, and J. H. Ahn, “Stretchable Active Matrix Inorganic Light-Emitting Diode Display Enabled by Overlay-Aligned Roll-Transfer Printing,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(11), 1606005 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. K. Choi, I. Park, D. C. Kim, E. Joh, O. K. Park, J. Kim, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Yang, K. W. Cho, J. H. Hwang, J. M. Nam, T. Hyeon, J. H. Kim, and D. H. Kim, “Thermally Controlled, Patterned Graphene Transfer Printing for Transparent and Wearable Electronic/Optoelectronic System,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(46), 7109–7118 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. K.

S. J. Choi, H. J. Ahn, M. K. Yang, C. S. Kim, W. S. Sim, J. A. Kim, J. G. Kang, J. K. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, “Comparison of desaturation and resaturation response times between transmission and reflectance pulse oximeters,” Acta Anaesthesiol. Scand. 54(2), 212–217 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. M.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. S.

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. H. Yim, Z. Zheng, Z. Liang, R. H. Friend, W. T. Huck, and J. S. Kim, “Efficient Conjugated-Polymer Optoelectronic Devices Fabricated by Thin-Film Transfer-Printing Technique,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(7), 1012–1019 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. W.

S. H. Lee, J. W. Kim, T. I. Lee, and J. M. Myoung, “Inorganic Nano Light-Emitting Transistor: p-Type Porous Silicon Nanowire/n-Type ZnO Nanofilm,” Small 12(31), 4222–4228 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-J.

J. W. Sun, J. Y. Baek, K.-H. Kim, C.-K. Moon, J.-H. Lee, S.-K. Kwon, Y.-H. Kim, and J.-J. Kim, “Thermally activated delayed fluorescence from azasiline based intramolecular charge-transfer emitter (DTPDDA) and a highly efficient blue light emitting diode,” Chem. Mater. 27(19), 6675–6681 (2015).
[Crossref]

J.-J. Kim, M.-K. Han, and Y.-Y. Noh, “Flexible OLEDs and organic electronics,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(3), 030301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Seo, I. Petrov, H. Jeong, P. Chapman, and K. Kim, “Elastic buckling of AlN ribbons on elastomeric substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 092104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.-H.

J. W. Sun, J. Y. Baek, K.-H. Kim, C.-K. Moon, J.-H. Lee, S.-K. Kwon, Y.-H. Kim, and J.-J. Kim, “Thermally activated delayed fluorescence from azasiline based intramolecular charge-transfer emitter (DTPDDA) and a highly efficient blue light emitting diode,” Chem. Mater. 27(19), 6675–6681 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

K. Zhang, Y. H. Jung, S. Mikael, J. H. Seo, M. Kim, H. Mi, H. Zhou, Z. Xia, W. Zhou, S. Gong, and Z. Ma, “Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 1782 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. H. Seo, K. Zhang, M. Kim, D. Zhao, H. Yang, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Flexible Phototransistors Based on Single-Crystalline Silicon Nanomembranes,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 120–125 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. K. Choi, I. Park, D. C. Kim, E. Joh, O. K. Park, J. Kim, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Yang, K. W. Cho, J. H. Hwang, J. M. Nam, T. Hyeon, J. H. Kim, and D. H. Kim, “Thermally Controlled, Patterned Graphene Transfer Printing for Transparent and Wearable Electronic/Optoelectronic System,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(46), 7109–7118 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, N.

A. M. V. Mohan, N. Kim, Y. Gu, A. J. Bandodkar, J. M. You, R. Kumar, J. F. Kurniawan, S. Xu, and J. Wang, “Merging of Thin- and Thick-Film Fabrication Technologies: Toward Soft Stretchable “Island-Bridge” Devices,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 2(4), 1600284 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, N. H.

B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, R. H.

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. H. Kim, M. H. Bae, D. G. Kim, H. Cheng, B. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. Li, J. Wu, F. Du, H. S. Kim, S. Kim, D. Estrada, S. W. Hong, Y. Huang, E. Pop, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3881–3886 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. I. Park, Y. J. Xiong, R. H. Kim, P. Elvikis, M. Meitl, D. H. Kim, J. Wu, J. Yoon, C. J. Yu, Z. J. Liu, Y. G. Huang, K. Hwang, P. Ferreira, X. L. Li, K. Choquette, and J. A. Rogers, “Printed Assemblies of Inorganic Light-Emitting Diodes for Deformable and Semitransparent Displays,” Science 325(5943), 977–981 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, R.-H.

D.-H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y.-S. Kim, R.-H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, and A. Islam, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

H. Tao, S.-W. Hwang, B. Marelli, B. An, J. E. Moreau, M. Yang, M. A. Brenckle, S. Kim, D. L. Kaplan, and J. A. Rogers, “Silk-based resorbable electronic devices for remotely controlled therapy and in vivo infection abatement,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 111(49), 17385–17389 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. S. Kim, E. Brueckner, J. Z. Song, Y. H. Li, S. Kim, C. F. Lu, J. Sulkin, K. Choquette, Y. G. Huang, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Unusual strategies for using indium gallium nitride grown on silicon (111) for solid-state lighting,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 108(25), 10072–10077 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. H. Kim, M. H. Bae, D. G. Kim, H. Cheng, B. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. Li, J. Wu, F. Du, H. S. Kim, S. Kim, D. Estrada, S. W. Hong, Y. Huang, E. Pop, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3881–3886 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. S.

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.-J.

S.-J. Kim, D.-S. Lee, I.-G. Kim, D.-W. Sohn, J.-Y. Park, B.-K. Choi, and S.-W. Kim, “Evaluation of the biocompatibility of a coating material for an implantable bladder volume sensor,” The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 28(3), 123–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.-W.

S.-J. Kim, D.-S. Lee, I.-G. Kim, D.-W. Sohn, J.-Y. Park, B.-K. Choi, and S.-W. Kim, “Evaluation of the biocompatibility of a coating material for an implantable bladder volume sensor,” The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 28(3), 123–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, T. H.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, T. I.

B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, T. S.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kim, T. W.

M. Choi, B. Jang, W. Lee, S. Lee, T. W. Kim, H. J. Lee, J. H. Kim, and J. H. Ahn, “Stretchable Active Matrix Inorganic Light-Emitting Diode Display Enabled by Overlay-Aligned Roll-Transfer Printing,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(11), 1606005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, T.-H.

T.-H. Kim, A. Carlson, J.-H. Ahn, S. M. Won, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Kinetically controlled, adhesiveless transfer printing using microstructured stamps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(11), 113502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. C.

W. S. Yang, J. H. Noh, N. J. Jeon, Y. C. Kim, S. Ryu, J. Seo, and S. I. Seok, “High-performance photovoltaic perovskite layers fabricated through intramolecular exchange,” Science 348(6240), 1234–1237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. H.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. S.

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.-H.

J. W. Sun, J. Y. Baek, K.-H. Kim, C.-K. Moon, J.-H. Lee, S.-K. Kwon, Y.-H. Kim, and J.-J. Kim, “Thermally activated delayed fluorescence from azasiline based intramolecular charge-transfer emitter (DTPDDA) and a highly efficient blue light emitting diode,” Chem. Mater. 27(19), 6675–6681 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.-S.

D.-H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y.-S. Kim, R.-H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, and A. Islam, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kiriya, D.

W. Gao, S. Emaminejad, H. Y. Y. Nyein, S. Challa, K. Chen, A. Peck, H. M. Fahad, H. Ota, H. Shiraki, and D. Kiriya, “Fully integrated wearable sensor arrays for multiplexed in situ perspiration analysis,” Nature 529(7587), 509–514 (2016).
[Crossref]

Klavetter, F.

G. Gustafsson, Y. Cao, G. Treacy, F. Klavetter, N. Colaneri, and A. Heeger, “Flexible light-emitting diodes made from soluble conducting polymers,” Nature 357(6378), 477–479 (1992).
[Crossref]

Klemp, C.

M. Englhard, C. Klemp, M. Behringer, A. Rudolph, O. Skibitzki, P. Zaumseil, and T. Schroeder, “Characterization of reclaimed GaAs substrates and investigation of reuse for thin film InGaAlP LED epitaxial growth,” J. Appl. Phys. 120(4), 045301 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kluge, J. A.

S. Lu, X. Wang, Q. Lu, X. Zhang, J. A. Kluge, N. Uppal, F. Omenetto, and D. L. Kaplan, “Insoluble and flexible silk films containing glycerol,” Biomacromolecules 11(1), 143–150 (2010).
[Crossref]

Knight, M.

A. Polman, M. Knight, E. C. Garnett, B. Ehrler, and W. C. Sinke, “Photovoltaic materials: Present efficiencies and future challenges,” Science 352(6283), aad4424 (2016).
[Crossref]

Knobelspies, S.

G. A. Salvatore, J. Sülzle, F. Dalla Valle, G. Cantarella, F. Robotti, P. Jokic, S. Knobelspies, A. Daus, L. Büthe, and L. Petti, “Biodegradable and highly deformable temperature sensors for the internet of things,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(35), 1702390 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ko, C.

Y. Zhang, D. J. Hellebusch, N. D. Bronstein, C. Ko, D. F. Ogletree, M. Salmeron, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors exploiting electrostatic trapping and percolation transport,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11924 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ko, H.

H. Lee, D. S. Um, Y. Lee, S. Lim, H. J. Kim, and H. Ko, “Octopus-Inspired Smart Adhesive Pads for Transfer Printing of Semiconducting Nanomembranes,” Adv. Mater. 28(34), 7457–7465 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, H. Ko, and J. Lee, “Reflectance pulse oximetry: Practical issues and limitations,” ICT Express 2(4), 195–198 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ko, H. C.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes Iii, J. Xiao, S. Wang, and Y. Huang, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. J. Baca, M. A. Meitl, H. C. Ko, S. Mack, H. S. Kim, J. Dong, P. M. Ferreira, and J. A. Rogers, “Printable Single-Crystal Silicon Micro/Nanoscale Ribbons, Platelets and Bars Generated from Bulk Wafers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(16), 3051–3062 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ko, M. J.

M. Park, H. J. Kim, I. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Lee, H. J. Son, D.-E. Kim, and M. J. Ko, “Mechanically Recoverable and Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells: Investigation of Intrinsic Flexibility of Organic-Inorganic Perovskite,” Adv. Energy Mater. 5(22), 1501406 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ko, S. H.

Koch, S. W.

N. W. Rosemann, J. P. Eußner, A. Beyer, S. W. Koch, K. Volz, S. Dehnen, and S. Chatterjee, “A highly efficient directional molecular white-light emitter driven by a continuous-wave laser diode,” Science 352(6291), 1301–1304 (2016).
[Crossref]

Koh, A.

A. Koh, D. Kang, Y. Xue, S. Lee, R. M. Pielak, J. Kim, T. Hwang, S. Min, A. Banks, and P. Bastien, “A soft, wearable microfluidic device for the capture, storage, and colorimetric sensing of sweat,” Sci. Transl. Med. 8(366), 366ra165 (2016).
[Crossref]

Könenkamp, R.

A. Nadarajah, R. C. Word, J. Meiss, and R. Könenkamp, “Flexible inorganic nanowire light-emitting diode,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 534–537 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kong, D.

R. Li, L. Wang, D. Kong, and L. Yin, “Recent progress on biodegradable materials and transient electronics,” Bioactive Materials 3(3), 322–333 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, Q. Zhang, D. Wang, G. Zhao, X. Cai, L. Li, H. Ding, K. Zhang, H. Wang, D. Kong, L. Yin, L. Liu, G. Zou, L. Zhao, and X. Sheng, “High Performance, Biocompatible Dielectric Thin-Film Optical Filters Integrated with Flexible Substrates and Microscale Optoelectronic Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(15), 1800146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Konstantatos, G.

G. Konstantatos and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed quantum dot photodetectors,” Proc. IEEE 97(10), 1666–1683 (2009).
[Crossref]

Koo, M.

M. Koo, S. Y. Park, and K. J. Lee, “Biointegrated flexible inorganic light emitting diodes,” NDD 2012(1), 5–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kudo, M.

Y. Sato, M. Sakaki, M. Katayama, M. Higuma, M. Kudo, and K. Moriya, “Image-transfer medium for ink-jet printing, transfer printing process using the same, and transfer printing cloth,” (Google Patents, 2002).

Kuk, Y.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kumar, R.

A. M. V. Mohan, N. Kim, Y. Gu, A. J. Bandodkar, J. M. You, R. Kumar, J. F. Kurniawan, S. Xu, and J. Wang, “Merging of Thin- and Thick-Film Fabrication Technologies: Toward Soft Stretchable “Island-Bridge” Devices,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 2(4), 1600284 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Imani, A. J. Bandodkar, A. V. Mohan, R. Kumar, S. Yu, J. Wang, and P. P. Mercier, “A wearable chemical–electrophysiological hybrid biosensing system for real-time health and fitness monitoring,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11650 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kumar, V.

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuo, C.-H.

J.-M. Wu and C.-H. Kuo, “Ultraviolet photodetectors made from SnO2 nanowires,” Thin solid films 517(14), 3870–3873 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kurniawan, J. F.

A. M. V. Mohan, N. Kim, Y. Gu, A. J. Bandodkar, J. M. You, R. Kumar, J. F. Kurniawan, S. Xu, and J. Wang, “Merging of Thin- and Thick-Film Fabrication Technologies: Toward Soft Stretchable “Island-Bridge” Devices,” Adv. Mater. Technol. 2(4), 1600284 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kusaka, Y.

S. Kanazawa, Y. Kusaka, N. Yamamoto, and H. Ushijima, “Improved Transfer Process for the Fully Additive Manufacturing of a Conductive Layer-Stacked Polymeric Cantilever,” Mater. Sci. Appl. 10(01), 45–52 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kwiat, P. G.

K. Lyons, S. Pang, P. G. Kwiat, and A. N. Jordan, “Precision optical displacement measurements using biphotons,” Phys. Rev. A 93(4), 043841 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kwon, J.

Kwon, J. H.

S.-M. Lee, J. H. Kwon, S. Kwon, and K. C. Choi, “A review of flexible OLEDs toward highly durable unusual displays,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(5), 1922–1931 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kwon, J. Y.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kwon, S.

S.-M. Lee, J. H. Kwon, S. Kwon, and K. C. Choi, “A review of flexible OLEDs toward highly durable unusual displays,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(5), 1922–1931 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kwon, S.-K.

J. W. Sun, J. Y. Baek, K.-H. Kim, C.-K. Moon, J.-H. Lee, S.-K. Kwon, Y.-H. Kim, and J.-J. Kim, “Thermally activated delayed fluorescence from azasiline based intramolecular charge-transfer emitter (DTPDDA) and a highly efficient blue light emitting diode,” Chem. Mater. 27(19), 6675–6681 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kyaw, A. K. K.

M. J. Tan, C. Owh, P. L. Chee, A. K. K. Kyaw, D. Kai, and X. J. Loh, “Biodegradable electronics: cornerstone for sustainable electronics and transient applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(24), 5531–5558 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lai, H.-C.

Z. Pei, H.-C. Lai, J.-Y. Wang, W.-H. Chiang, and C.-H. Chen, “High-responsivity and high-sensitivity graphene dots/a-IGZO thin-film phototransistor,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(1), 44–46 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lan, X.

X. Lan, O. Voznyy, A. Kiani, F. P. García de Arquer, A. S. Abbas, G. H. Kim, M. Liu, Z. Yang, G. Walters, and J. Xu, “Passivation using molecular halides increases quantum dot solar cell performance,” Adv. Mater. 28(2), 299–304 (2016).
[Crossref]

Larsen, R. J.

J. A. Fan, W. H. Yeo, Y. Su, Y. Hattori, W. Lee, S. Y. Jung, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, L. Falgout, M. Bajema, T. Coleman, D. Gregoire, R. J. Larsen, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3266 (2014).
[Crossref]

Larson, C. M.

S. Li, B. N. Peele, C. M. Larson, H. C. Zhao, and R. F. Shepherd, “A Stretchable Multicolor Display and Touch Interface Using Photopatterning and Transfer Printing,” Adv. Mater. 28(44), 9770–9775 (2016).
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Le, A. P.

S. I. Park, A. P. Le, J. Wu, Y. Huang, X. Li, and J. A. Rogers, “Light Emission Characteristics and Mechanics of Foldable Inorganic Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3062–3066 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

Lee, C. H.

B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. P.

Lee, C.-S.

J. Jie, W. Zhang, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, and S.-T. Lee, “One-dimensional II–VI nanostructures: synthesis, properties and optoelectronic applications,” Nano today 5(4), 313–336 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, D.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lee, D.-S.

S.-J. Kim, D.-S. Lee, I.-G. Kim, D.-W. Sohn, J.-Y. Park, B.-K. Choi, and S.-W. Kim, “Evaluation of the biocompatibility of a coating material for an implantable bladder volume sensor,” The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 28(3), 123–129 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, E. K.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, G.

Y. R. Jeong, G. Lee, H. Park, and J. S. Ha, “Stretchable, Skin-Attachable Electronics with Integrated Energy Storage Devices for Biosignal Monitoring,” Acc. Chem. Res. 52(1), 91–99 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, T. K. Choi, Y. B. Lee, H. R. Cho, R. Ghaffari, L. Wang, H. J. Choi, T. D. Chung, N. Lu, and T. Hyeon, “A graphene-based electrochemical device with thermoresponsive microneedles for diabetes monitoring and therapy,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(6), 566–572 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Choi, H. Lee, R. Ghaffari, T. Hyeon, and D. H. Kim, “Recent advances in flexible and stretchable bio-electronic devices integrated with nanomaterials,” Adv. Mater. 28(22), 4203–4218 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, D. S. Um, Y. Lee, S. Lim, H. J. Kim, and H. Ko, “Octopus-Inspired Smart Adhesive Pads for Transfer Printing of Semiconducting Nanomembranes,” Adv. Mater. 28(34), 7457–7465 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, H. Ko, and J. Lee, “Reflectance pulse oximetry: Practical issues and limitations,” ICT Express 2(4), 195–198 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Park, H. J. Kim, I. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Lee, H. J. Son, D.-E. Kim, and M. J. Ko, “Mechanically Recoverable and Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells: Investigation of Intrinsic Flexibility of Organic-Inorganic Perovskite,” Adv. Energy Mater. 5(22), 1501406 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chung, P. Srivastava, X. Yang, T. Palacios, and H. Lee, “High-Performance GaN HEMT Track-and-Hold Sampling Circuits with Digital Post-Correction,” in Research Abstracts, 2018), 7.

Lee, H. E.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. J.

M. Choi, B. Jang, W. Lee, S. Lee, T. W. Kim, H. J. Lee, J. H. Kim, and J. H. Ahn, “Stretchable Active Matrix Inorganic Light-Emitting Diode Display Enabled by Overlay-Aligned Roll-Transfer Printing,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(11), 1606005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

B. H. Kim, S. Nam, N. Oh, S. Y. Cho, K. J. Yu, C. H. Lee, J. Zhang, K. Deshpande, P. Trefonas, J. H. Kim, J. Lee, J. H. Shin, Y. Yu, J. B. Lim, S. M. Won, Y. K. Cho, N. H. Kim, K. J. Seo, H. Lee, T. I. Kim, M. Shim, and J. A. Rogers, “Multilayer Transfer Printing for Pixelated, Multicolor Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diodes,” ACS Nano 10(5), 4920–4925 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, H. Ko, and J. Lee, “Reflectance pulse oximetry: Practical issues and limitations,” ICT Express 2(4), 195–198 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Park, H. J. Kim, I. Jeong, J. Lee, H. Lee, H. J. Son, D.-E. Kim, and M. J. Ko, “Mechanically Recoverable and Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells: Investigation of Intrinsic Flexibility of Organic-Inorganic Perovskite,” Adv. Energy Mater. 5(22), 1501406 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Wu, M. Shi, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, M. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable GaAs photovoltaics with designs that enable high areal coverage,” Adv. Mater. 23(8), 986–991 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. W.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K. I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K. T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized Battery-Free Wireless Systems for Wearable Pulse Oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. Y.

Y. J. Cho, K. S. Yook, and J. Y. Lee, “Cool and warm hybrid white organic light-emitting diode with blue delayed fluorescent emitter both as blue emitter and triplet host,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 7859 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-H.

J. W. Sun, J. Y. Baek, K.-H. Kim, C.-K. Moon, J.-H. Lee, S.-K. Kwon, Y.-H. Kim, and J.-J. Kim, “Thermally activated delayed fluorescence from azasiline based intramolecular charge-transfer emitter (DTPDDA) and a highly efficient blue light emitting diode,” Chem. Mater. 27(19), 6675–6681 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Chen, X. Wang, P. Han, J.-H. Lee, C. Zhang, and Y. Zhang, “Effects of micro/nano-structures on the photoelectric properties of silicon solar cell: A pump-probe study,” in International Symposium on Ultrafast Phenomena and Terahertz Waves, (Optical Society of America, 2018), WI37.

Lee, K. J.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Koo, S. Y. Park, and K. J. Lee, “Biointegrated flexible inorganic light emitting diodes,” NDD 2012(1), 5–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. M.

G. Park, H. J. Chung, K. Kim, S. A. Lim, J. Kim, Y. S. Kim, Y. Liu, W. H. Yeo, R. H. Kim, S. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, Y. H. Jung, T. I. Kim, C. Yee, J. A. Rogers, and K. M. Lee, “Immunologic and tissue biocompatibility of flexible/stretchable electronics and optoelectronics,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3(4), 515–525 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. T.

J. Kim, P. Gutruf, A. M. Chiarelli, S. Y. Heo, K. Cho, Z. Xie, A. Banks, S. Han, K. I. Jang, J. W. Lee, K. T. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Huang, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, U. Paik, and J. A. Rogers, “Miniaturized Battery-Free Wireless Systems for Wearable Pulse Oximetry,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(1), 1604373 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, M.

J. Kim, M. Lee, H. J. Shim, R. Ghaffari, H. R. Cho, D. Son, Y. H. Jung, M. Soh, C. Choi, and S. Jung, “Stretchable silicon nanoribbon electronics for skin prosthesis,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 5747 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, P.

Lee, P. S.

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An intrinsically stretchable nanowire photodetector with a fully embedded structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

M. Choi, B. Jang, W. Lee, S. Lee, T. W. Kim, H. J. Lee, J. H. Kim, and J. H. Ahn, “Stretchable Active Matrix Inorganic Light-Emitting Diode Display Enabled by Overlay-Aligned Roll-Transfer Printing,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(11), 1606005 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Koh, D. Kang, Y. Xue, S. Lee, R. M. Pielak, J. Kim, T. Hwang, S. Min, A. Banks, and P. Bastien, “A soft, wearable microfluidic device for the capture, storage, and colorimetric sensing of sweat,” Sci. Transl. Med. 8(366), 366ra165 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. D.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, J. W. Kim, T. I. Lee, and J. M. Myoung, “Inorganic Nano Light-Emitting Transistor: p-Type Porous Silicon Nanowire/n-Type ZnO Nanofilm,” Small 12(31), 4222–4228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. J.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. T.

Y. Jiang, W. J. Zhang, J. S. Jie, X. M. Meng, X. Fan, and S. T. Lee, “Photoresponse properties of CdSe single-nanoribbon photodetectors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17(11), 1795–1800 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. Y.

T. H. Kim, K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, S. J. Lee, J. Chae, J. W. Kim, D. H. Kim, J. Y. Kwon, G. Amaratunga, S. Y. Lee, B. L. Choi, Y. Kuk, J. M. Kim, and K. Kim, “Full-colour quantum dot displays fabricated by transfer printing,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-M.

S.-M. Lee, J. H. Kwon, S. Kwon, and K. C. Choi, “A review of flexible OLEDs toward highly durable unusual displays,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 64(5), 1922–1931 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-T.

J. Jie, W. Zhang, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, and S.-T. Lee, “One-dimensional II–VI nanostructures: synthesis, properties and optoelectronic applications,” Nano today 5(4), 313–336 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, T. I.

H. E. Lee, D. Lee, T. I. Lee, J. H. Shin, G. M. Choi, C. Kim, S. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, S. M. Kang, S. H. Park, I. S. Kang, T. S. Kim, B. S. Bae, and K. J. Lee, “Wireless powered wearable micro light-emitting diodes,” Nano Energy 55, 454–462 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, J. W. Kim, T. I. Lee, and J. M. Myoung, “Inorganic Nano Light-Emitting Transistor: p-Type Porous Silicon Nanowire/n-Type ZnO Nanofilm,” Small 12(31), 4222–4228 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, T.-W.

T.-H. Han, Y. Lee, M.-R. Choi, S.-H. Woo, S.-H. Bae, B. H. Hong, J.-H. Ahn, and T.-W. Lee, “Extremely efficient flexible organic light-emitting diodes with modified graphene anode,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 105–110 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, W.

M. Choi, B. Jang, W. Lee, S. Lee, T. W. Kim, H. J. Lee, J. H. Kim, and J. H. Ahn, “Stretchable Active Matrix Inorganic Light-Emitting Diode Display Enabled by Overlay-Aligned Roll-Transfer Printing,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(11), 1606005 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fan, W. H. Yeo, Y. Su, Y. Hattori, W. Lee, S. Y. Jung, Y. Zhang, Z. Liu, H. Cheng, L. Falgout, M. Bajema, T. Coleman, D. Gregoire, R. J. Larsen, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Fractal design concepts for stretchable electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5(1), 3266 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

H. Lee, D. S. Um, Y. Lee, S. Lim, H. J. Kim, and H. Ko, “Octopus-Inspired Smart Adhesive Pads for Transfer Printing of Semiconducting Nanomembranes,” Adv. Mater. 28(34), 7457–7465 (2016).
[Crossref]

T.-H. Han, Y. Lee, M.-R. Choi, S.-H. Woo, S.-H. Bae, B. H. Hong, J.-H. Ahn, and T.-W. Lee, “Extremely efficient flexible organic light-emitting diodes with modified graphene anode,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 105–110 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. B.

H. Lee, T. K. Choi, Y. B. Lee, H. R. Cho, R. Ghaffari, L. Wang, H. J. Choi, T. D. Chung, N. Lu, and T. Hyeon, “A graphene-based electrochemical device with thermoresponsive microneedles for diabetes monitoring and therapy,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(6), 566–572 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lei, D.

Lemaître, A.

L. De Santis, C. Antón, B. Reznychenko, N. Somaschi, G. Coppola, J. Senellart, C. Gómez, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, and A. G. White, “A solid-state single-photon filter,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 12(7), 663–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

Leong, W.

Leopardi, H.

Levina, L.

X. Li, Y.-B. Zhao, F. Fan, L. Levina, M. Liu, R. Quintero-Bermudez, X. Gong, L. N. Quan, J. Fan, and Z. Yang, “Bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by efficient chlorination,” Nat. Photonics 12(3), 159–164 (2018).
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Li, C.

Y. Liu, C. Li, Z. Ren, S. Yan, and M. R. Bryce, “All-organic thermally activated delayed fluorescence materials for organic light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 3(4), 18020 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. Li, M. Xu, Z. Ji, K. Shi, X. Xu, H. Li, and X. Xu, ““W-shaped” injection current dependence of electroluminescence linewidth in green InGaN/GaN-based LED grown on silicon substrate,” Opt. Express 25(20), A871–A879 (2017).
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R. Liang, D. Yan, R. Tian, X. Yu, W. Shi, C. Li, M. Wei, D. G. Evans, and X. Duan, “Quantum dots-based flexible films and their application as the phosphor in white light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Mater. 26(8), 2595–2600 (2014).
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Li, H.

H. Li, C. Zhang, and X. Feng, “Monte Carlo simulation of light scattering in tissue for the design of skin-like optical devices,” Biomed. Opt. Express 10(2), 868–878 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. Li, M. Xu, Z. Ji, K. Shi, X. Xu, H. Li, and X. Xu, ““W-shaped” injection current dependence of electroluminescence linewidth in green InGaN/GaN-based LED grown on silicon substrate,” Opt. Express 25(20), A871–A879 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Y. Xu, X. Li, Y. Chen, Y. Jiang, C. Zhang, B. Lu, J. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, Y. Huang, M. Ding, H. Su, G. Song, Y. Luo, and X. Feng, “Epidermal Inorganic Optoelectronics for Blood Oxygen Measurement,” Adv. Healthcare Mater. 6(9), 1601013 (2017).
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H. Li, T. Chen, S. Hu, X. Li, Y. Liu, P. Lee, X. Wang, H. Li, and G. Lo, “Highly spectrum-selective ultraviolet photodetector based on p-NiO/n-IGZO thin film heterojunction structure,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27683–27689 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zheng, L. Gan, H. Li, Y. Ma, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and T. Zhai, “Photodetectors: A Fully Transparent and Flexible Ultraviolet–Visible Photodetector Based on Controlled Electrospun ZnO-CdO Heterojunction Nanofiber Arrays (Adv. Funct. Mater. 37/2015),” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(37), 5877 (2015).
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H. Li, T. Chen, S. Hu, X. Li, Y. Liu, P. Lee, X. Wang, H. Li, and G. Lo, “Highly spectrum-selective ultraviolet photodetector based on p-NiO/n-IGZO thin film heterojunction structure,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27683–27689 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zheng, L. Gan, H. Li, Y. Ma, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and T. Zhai, “A Fully Transparent and Flexible Ultraviolet–Visible Photodetector Based on Controlled Electrospun ZnO-CdO Heterojunction Nanofiber Arrays,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(37), 5885–5894 (2015).
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X. Zhou, L. Gan, W. Tian, Q. Zhang, S. Jin, H. Li, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, and T. Zhai, “Ultrathin SnSe2 Flakes Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition for High-Performance Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8035–8041 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Li, C. Li, M. Xu, Z. Ji, K. Shi, X. Xu, H. Li, and X. Xu, ““W-shaped” injection current dependence of electroluminescence linewidth in green InGaN/GaN-based LED grown on silicon substrate,” Opt. Express 25(20), A871–A879 (2017).
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S. Yang, C. Wang, H. Sahin, H. Chen, Y. Li, S.-S. Li, A. Suslu, F. M. Peeters, Q. Liu, and J. Li, “Tuning the optical, magnetic, and electrical properties of ReSe2 by nanoscale strain engineering,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1660–1666 (2015).
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X. Fu, C. Su, Q. Fu, X. Zhu, R. Zhu, C. Liu, Z. Liao, J. Xu, W. Guo, J. Feng, J. Li, and D. Yu, “Tailoring exciton dynamics by elastic strain-gradient in semiconductors,” Adv. Mater. 26(16), 2572–2579 (2014).
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J. Qi, X. Qian, L. Qi, J. Feng, D. Shi, and J. Li, “Strain-engineering of band gaps in piezoelectric boron nitride nanoribbons,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1224–1228 (2012).
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X. Feng, B. D. Yang, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Dagdeviren, Z. Liu, A. Carlson, J. Li, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable ferroelectric nanoribbons with wavy configurations on elastomeric substrates,” ACS Nano 5(4), 3326–3332 (2011).
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G. Lou, H. Zhu, A. Chen, Y. Wu, Z. Chen, Y. Ren, Y. Liang, J. Li, X. Gui, and D. Zhong, “Single and Two-photon Absorption Single-microbelt Photodetector,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2017), Su2A. 167.

Li, J. Y.

L. Li, H. Lin, S. Qiao, Y. Z. Huang, J. Y. Li, J. Michon, T. Gu, C. Alosno-Ramos, L. Vivien, A. Yadav, K. Richardson, N. Lu, and J. Hu, “Monolithically integrated stretchable photonics,” Light: Sci. Appl. 7(2), 17138 (2018).
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Li, L.

L. Li, H. Lin, S. Qiao, Y. Z. Huang, J. Y. Li, J. Michon, T. Gu, C. Alosno-Ramos, L. Vivien, A. Yadav, K. Richardson, N. Lu, and J. Hu, “Monolithically integrated stretchable photonics,” Light: Sci. Appl. 7(2), 17138 (2018).
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C. Liu, Q. Zhang, D. Wang, G. Zhao, X. Cai, L. Li, H. Ding, K. Zhang, H. Wang, D. Kong, L. Yin, L. Liu, G. Zou, L. Zhao, and X. Sheng, “High Performance, Biocompatible Dielectric Thin-Film Optical Filters Integrated with Flexible Substrates and Microscale Optoelectronic Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(15), 1800146 (2018).
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A. E. Willner, H. Huang, Y. Yan, Y. Ren, N. Ahmed, G. Xie, C. Bao, L. Li, Y. Cao, and Z. Zhao, “Optical communications using orbital angular momentum beams,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(1), 66–106 (2015).
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L. Li, F. Zhang, J. Wang, Q. An, Q. Sun, W. Wang, J. Zhang, and F. Teng, “Achieving EQE of 16,700% in P3HT: PC 71 BM based photodetectors by trap-assisted photomultiplication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9181 (2015).
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Z. Lou, L. Li, and G. Shen, “High-performance rigid and flexible ultraviolet photodetectors with single-crystalline ZnGa 2 O 4 nanowires,” Nano Res. 8(7), 2162–2169 (2015).
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K. Deng and L. Li, “CdS nanoscale photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 26(17), 2619–2635 (2014).
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J. J. Hu, L. Li, H. T. Lin, P. Zhang, W. D. Zhou, and Z. Q. Ma, “Flexible integrated photonics: where materials, mechanics and optics meet [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1313–1331 (2013).
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Li, M.

R. Li, M. Li, Y. W. Su, J. Z. Song, and X. Q. Ni, “An analytical mechanics model for the island-bridge structure of stretchable electronics,” Soft Matter 9(35), 8476–8482 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lee, J. Wu, M. Shi, J. Yoon, S. I. Park, M. Li, Z. Liu, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable GaAs photovoltaics with designs that enable high areal coverage,” Adv. Mater. 23(8), 986–991 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. H. Kim, M. H. Bae, D. G. Kim, H. Cheng, B. H. Kim, D. H. Kim, M. Li, J. Wu, F. Du, H. S. Kim, S. Kim, D. Estrada, S. W. Hong, Y. Huang, E. Pop, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable, transparent graphene interconnects for arrays of microscale inorganic light emitting diodes on rubber substrates,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3881–3886 (2011).
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Li, R.

R. Li, L. Wang, D. Kong, and L. Yin, “Recent progress on biodegradable materials and transient electronics,” Bioactive Materials 3(3), 322–333 (2018).
[Crossref]

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