Abstract

We investigate femtosecond pulse laser-induced refractive index changes (∆n) in bulk fused silica (Corning 7980) subject to prior hard (40 keV) X-ray irradiation with accumulated doses up to 6 MGy. The preconditioning before photoinscription improves strongly the light transport of the laser-written embedded waveguides in a range of fluences and accumulation doses. Results show that the ultrafast laser-induced ∆n is higher in samples pre-irradiated with X-rays at similar laser photon dose. The effect lies in the kick-off generation of defects and precursors by energetic X-ray photons, enhancing a subsequent laser-induced densification process. The photoinscription efficiency increases up to a saturation point and the pre-treatment can be considered as an effective option for high contrast low loss index modifications and waveguiding structures in glasses.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou and B. Li, “Origins of a damaged-induced green photoluminescence band in fused silica revealed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(8), 2888–2898 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

C. D’Amico, G. Cheng, C. Mauclair, J. Troles, L. Calvez, V. Nazabal, C. Caillaud, G. Martin, B. Arezki, E. LeCoarer, P. Kern, and R. Stoian, “Large-mode-area infrared guiding in ultrafast laser written waveguides in sulfur-based chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13091–13101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

L. Skuja, K. Kajihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Oxygen-excess-related point defects in glassy/amorphous SiO2 and related materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 286, 159–168 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

G. S. Henderson, D. R. Neuville, B. Cochain, and L. Cormier, “The structure of GeO2-SiO2 glasses and melts: A Raman spectroscopy study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355(8), 468–474 (2009).

2008 (1)

D. M. Krol, “Femtosecond laser modification of glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 (2–9), 416–424 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Control of directional evanescent coupling in fs laser written waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(4), 1579–1587 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

L. Zheng, Q. An, R. Fu, S. Ni, and S. N. Luo, “Densification of silica glass at ambient pressure,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(15), 154511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

Z. Zheng, J. C. Lambropoulos, and A. W. Schmid, “UV-laser induced densification of fused silica: a molecular dynamics study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 347(1–3), 144–152 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

R. E. Schenker and W. G. Oldham, “Ultraviolet-induced densification in fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(3), 1065–1071 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

L. Skuja, “The origin of the intrinsic 1.9 eV luminescence band in glassy SiO2,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 179, 51–69 (1994).

1988 (1)

A. L. Shluger, “The model of a triplet self-trapped exciton in crystalline SiO2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 21(13), 431–434 (1988).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

W. Primak, “Mechanism for the Radiation Compaction of Vitreous Silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 43(6), 2745–2754 (1972).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

R. Brückner, “Properties and structure of vitreous silica. I,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 5(2), 123–175 (1970).

Agnello, S.

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

Alessi, A.

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

An, Q.

L. Zheng, Q. An, R. Fu, S. Ni, and S. N. Luo, “Densification of silica glass at ambient pressure,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(15), 154511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arezki, B.

Audouard, E.

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bhuyan, M. K.

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Billotte, T.

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

Borrelli, N. F.

Boukenter, A.

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brückner, R.

R. Brückner, “Properties and structure of vitreous silica. I,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 5(2), 123–175 (1970).

Bulgakova, N. M.

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Burakov, I. M.

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Caillaud, C.

Calvez, L.

Cannas, M.

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chan, J. W.

Cheng, G.

Cheng, Y.

Chichkov, B. N.

Cochain, B.

G. S. Henderson, D. R. Neuville, B. Cochain, and L. Cormier, “The structure of GeO2-SiO2 glasses and melts: A Raman spectroscopy study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355(8), 468–474 (2009).

Colombier, J. P.

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cormier, L.

G. S. Henderson, D. R. Neuville, B. Cochain, and L. Cormier, “The structure of GeO2-SiO2 glasses and melts: A Raman spectroscopy study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355(8), 468–474 (2009).

Courvoisier, F.

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

D’Amico, C.

C. D’Amico, G. Cheng, C. Mauclair, J. Troles, L. Calvez, V. Nazabal, C. Caillaud, G. Martin, B. Arezki, E. LeCoarer, P. Kern, and R. Stoian, “Large-mode-area infrared guiding in ultrafast laser written waveguides in sulfur-based chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13091–13101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Davis, K. M.

Di Francesca, D.

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

Dreisow, F.

Fernandez, T.

Fu, R.

L. Zheng, Q. An, R. Fu, S. Ni, and S. N. Luo, “Densification of silica glass at ambient pressure,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(15), 154511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giacomazzi, L.

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

Girard, S.

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gross, S.

S. Gross and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast-laser-inscribed 3D integrated Photonics: challenge and emerging applications,” Nanophotonics 4(3), 332–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

Henderson, G. S.

G. S. Henderson, D. R. Neuville, B. Cochain, and L. Cormier, “The structure of GeO2-SiO2 glasses and melts: A Raman spectroscopy study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355(8), 468–474 (2009).

Hertel, I. V.

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hirano, M.

L. Skuja, K. Kajihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Oxygen-excess-related point defects in glassy/amorphous SiO2 and related materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 286, 159–168 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

Hosono, H.

L. Skuja, K. Kajihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Oxygen-excess-related point defects in glassy/amorphous SiO2 and related materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 286, 159–168 (2012).
[Crossref]

Husakou, A.

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huser, T.

Ibarra, A.

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kajihara, K.

L. Skuja, K. Kajihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Oxygen-excess-related point defects in glassy/amorphous SiO2 and related materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 286, 159–168 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kar, A. K.

Kawachi, M.

Kern, P.

Krol, D. M.

Lambropoulos, J. C.

Z. Zheng, J. C. Lambropoulos, and A. W. Schmid, “UV-laser induced densification of fused silica: a molecular dynamics study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 347(1–3), 144–152 (2004).

Lancry, M.

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

LeCoarer, E.

León, M.

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Luo, S. N.

L. Zheng, Q. An, R. Fu, S. Ni, and S. N. Luo, “Densification of silica glass at ambient pressure,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(15), 154511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, G.

Martín, P.

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

Martinet, C.

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

Martinez, V.

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

Martínez, J.

Martín-Samos, L.

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

Masuda, M.

Mauclair, C.

C. D’Amico, G. Cheng, C. Mauclair, J. Troles, L. Calvez, V. Nazabal, C. Caillaud, G. Martin, B. Arezki, E. LeCoarer, P. Kern, and R. Stoian, “Large-mode-area infrared guiding in ultrafast laser written waveguides in sulfur-based chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13091–13101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mermillod-Blondin, A.

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Midorikawa, K.

Mishchik, K.

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

Nazabal, V.

Neuville, D. R.

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. S. Henderson, D. R. Neuville, B. Cochain, and L. Cormier, “The structure of GeO2-SiO2 glasses and melts: A Raman spectroscopy study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355(8), 468–474 (2009).

Ni, S.

L. Zheng, Q. An, R. Fu, S. Ni, and S. N. Luo, “Densification of silica glass at ambient pressure,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(15), 154511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nolte, S.

Oldham, W. G.

R. E. Schenker and W. G. Oldham, “Ultraviolet-induced densification in fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(3), 1065–1071 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ollier, N.

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ouerdane, Y.

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pertsch, T.

Piven, K.

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

Primak, W.

W. Primak, “Mechanism for the Radiation Compaction of Vitreous Silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 43(6), 2745–2754 (1972).
[Crossref]

Richard, N.

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

Risbud, S.

Ródenas, A.

Rosenfeld, A.

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schenker, R. E.

R. E. Schenker and W. G. Oldham, “Ultraviolet-induced densification in fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(3), 1065–1071 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schmid, A. W.

Z. Zheng, J. C. Lambropoulos, and A. W. Schmid, “UV-laser induced densification of fused silica: a molecular dynamics study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 347(1–3), 144–152 (2004).

Shihoyama, K.

Shluger, A. L.

A. L. Shluger, “The model of a triplet self-trapped exciton in crystalline SiO2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 21(13), 431–434 (1988).
[Crossref]

Skuja, L.

L. Skuja, K. Kajihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Oxygen-excess-related point defects in glassy/amorphous SiO2 and related materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 286, 159–168 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Skuja, “The origin of the intrinsic 1.9 eV luminescence band in glassy SiO2,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 179, 51–69 (1994).

Solis, J.

Stoian, R.

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. D’Amico, G. Cheng, C. Mauclair, J. Troles, L. Calvez, V. Nazabal, C. Caillaud, G. Martin, B. Arezki, E. LeCoarer, P. Kern, and R. Stoian, “Large-mode-area infrared guiding in ultrafast laser written waveguides in sulfur-based chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13091–13101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

Streltsov, A. M.

Sugimoto, N.

Sugioka, K.

Szameit, A.

Thomson, R. R.

Toyoda, K.

Troles, J.

Tünnermann, A.

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Velpula, P. K.

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

Will, M.

Withford, M. J.

S. Gross and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast-laser-inscribed 3D integrated Photonics: challenge and emerging applications,” Nanophotonics 4(3), 332–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

L. Zheng, Q. An, R. Fu, S. Ni, and S. N. Luo, “Densification of silica glass at ambient pressure,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(15), 154511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, J. C. Lambropoulos, and A. W. Schmid, “UV-laser induced densification of fused silica: a molecular dynamics study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 347(1–3), 144–152 (2004).

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

M. León, L. Giacomazzi, S. Girard, N. Richard, P. Martín, L. Martín-Samos, A. Ibarra, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Neutron irradiation Effects on the structural properties of KU1, KS-4V and I301 Silica Glasses,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 61(4), 1522–1530 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

K. Mishchik, C. D’Amico, P. K. Velpula, C. Mauclair, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, and R. Stoian, “Ultrafast laser induced electronic and structural modifications in bulk fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133502 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Primak, “Mechanism for the Radiation Compaction of Vitreous Silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 43(6), 2745–2754 (1972).
[Crossref]

R. E. Schenker and W. G. Oldham, “Ultraviolet-induced densification in fused silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(3), 1065–1071 (1997).
[Crossref]

I. M. Burakov, N. M. Bulgakova, R. Stoian, A. Mermillod-Blondin, E. Audouard, A. Rosenfeld, A. Husakou, and I. V. Hertel, “Spatial distribution of refractive index variations induced in bulk fused silica by single ultrashort and short laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(4), 043506 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

L. Zheng, Q. An, R. Fu, S. Ni, and S. N. Luo, “Densification of silica glass at ambient pressure,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(15), 154511 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

D. M. Krol, “Femtosecond laser modification of glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 (2–9), 416–424 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Crystal. Solids (5)

Z. Zheng, J. C. Lambropoulos, and A. W. Schmid, “UV-laser induced densification of fused silica: a molecular dynamics study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 347(1–3), 144–152 (2004).

L. Skuja, “The origin of the intrinsic 1.9 eV luminescence band in glassy SiO2,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 179, 51–69 (1994).

R. Brückner, “Properties and structure of vitreous silica. I,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 5(2), 123–175 (1970).

N. Ollier, K. Piven, C. Martinet, T. Billotte, V. Martinez, D. R. Neuville, and M. Lancry, “Impact of glass density on the green emission and NBOHC formation in silica glass: A combined high pressure and 2.5 MeV electron irradiation,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 476, 81–86 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. S. Henderson, D. R. Neuville, B. Cochain, and L. Cormier, “The structure of GeO2-SiO2 glasses and melts: A Raman spectroscopy study,” J. Non-Crystal. Solids 355(8), 468–474 (2009).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. (1)

A. L. Shluger, “The model of a triplet self-trapped exciton in crystalline SiO2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 21(13), 431–434 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, A. Alessi, S. Girard, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Resonance Raman of oxygen dangling bonds in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 48(2), 230–234 (2017).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

P. K. Velpula, M. K. Bhuyan, F. Courvoisier, H. Zhang, J. P. Colombier, and R. Stoian, “Spatio-temporal dynamics in nondiffractive Bessel ultrafast laser nanoscale volume structuring,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 230–244 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nanophotonics (1)

S. Gross and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast-laser-inscribed 3D integrated Photonics: challenge and emerging applications,” Nanophotonics 4(3), 332–352 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (1)

L. Skuja, K. Kajihara, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Oxygen-excess-related point defects in glassy/amorphous SiO2 and related materials,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 286, 159–168 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Other (1)

E. J. Friebele and P. L. Higby, “Radiation effects in amorphous SiO2 for windows and mirror substrates,” in Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1987 (H. E. Bannet, 1987).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Luminescence of NBOHC excited at 325 nm inside two waveguides written with ultrashort laser pulses at fixed pulse energy (1.2 µJ) and two different scanning speeds (100 µm/s and 500 µm/s). The inset shows the corresponding large-band guided modes.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Relative concentration of X-ray induced NBOHC in fused silica mapped via the characteristic PL as a function of the depth of the sample for different doses of X-rays that are stopped in the first half mm. The inset shows the PL intensity of NBOHC recorded at a depth of 150 µm as a function of the accumulated dose.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Raman spectra of three waveguides written with a same dose of laser photons (1.2 µJ-300 µm/s-8 passes) in silica samples pre-irradiated with different X-rays accumulated doses (0 MGy dose corresponds to the pristine sample).The inset gives corresponding PCM images for waveguides written in the 0 MGy (pristine), 1 MGy and 6 MGy samples. The dark color corresponds to a positive index change. The Raman spectra are vertically shifted for better visualization. (b) Large-band guided mode for the waveguide at 1.2µJ-300 µm/s-8 passes in the different pre-irradiated samples. (c) Corresponding large-band mode profile.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Variation of refractive index ∆n in the ultrafast laser written waveguides versus the scan speed at different X-rays doses (0, 0.5, 1 and 6 MGy). The pulse energy is 1.2 µJ. (b) Variation of ∆n versus the scan speed at different X-rays doses (0, 1 and 6 MGy) for a 1.7 µJ pulse.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Relative D2 areas normalized to the D 2 0 area (before X-ray treatment) at the maximum pulse energy of 1.7 µJ as a function of the scan velocity for different accumulated doses. (b) PL measurements made in three waveguides written in a same condition (i.e 1.7 µJ-600 µm/s) but in the different pre-irradiated samples.