Abstract

In this study, direct bi-color CdSe quantum dots (QDs) have been successfully synthesized and used as luminescent materials to fabricate the QDs-based white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs). We demonstrate a one-pot preparation of direct bi-color CdSe QDs-based WLEDs with a high color gamut. For the application of the backlight source, CdSe QDs with a CIE coordinate of (0.34, 0.25) were mixed with 30% UV resin, which provides a color gamut of 89 and 126% in National Television Standard Committee (NTSC) and sRGB standards, respectively. We expects that full color generation by bi-color QDs-based WLED will lead to further technological advancements in the area of efficient and facile display.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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  4. R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. H. Lee, H. Yang, and P. H. Holloway, “Single-step growth of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 126(2), 314–318 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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  19. M. D. Regulacio and M. Y. Han, “Composition-tunable alloyed semiconductor nanocrystals,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(5), 621–630 (2010).
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  20. W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. N. Shukla, M. M. Nigra, and A. D. Ondeck, “One-Step Synthesis and Photoluminescence Evaluation of Cadmium-containing Quantum Dots,” Nano-Micro Lett. 4(1), 52–56 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. S. Chen, H. Y. Hong, and R. V. Kumar, “White light emission from semiconductor nanocrystals by in situ colour tuning in an alternating thermodynamic–kinetic fashion,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(16), 5928–5932 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. X. Luo, R. Hu, S. Liu, and K. Wang, “Heat and fluid flow in high-power LED packaging and applications,” Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. 56, 1–32 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  26. B. Xie, R. Hu, and X. Luo, “Quantum dots-converted light-emitting diodes packaging for lighting and display: status and perspectives,” J. Electron. Packag. 138(2), 020803 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  27. F. Li, W.-N. Li, S.-Y. Fu, and H.-M. Xiao, “Formulating CdSe quantum dots for white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” J. Alloys Compd. 647, 837–843 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).
  30. S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, and H. S. Chen, “Green light emission of Zn𝑥Cd1−𝑥Se nanocrystals synthesized by one-pot method,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 1 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, H. S. Chen, and H. H. Chen, “Novel red-emission of ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Nanopart. Res. 17, 101 (2015).
  32. C. B. Saio, S. R. Chung, and K. W. Wang, “Controlling reabsorption effect of bi-color CdSe quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Proc. SPIE 10349, 103490 (2017).
  33. I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  34. X. Wang, L. Qu, J. Zhang, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Surface-related emission in highly luminescent CdSe quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 3(8), 1103–1106 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  35. M. Jones and G. D. Scholes, “On the use of time-resolved photoluminescence as a probe of nanocrystal photoexcitation dynamics,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3533–3538 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  36. C. de Mello Donegá, P. Liljeroth, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Physicochemical Evaluation of the Hot-Injection Method, a Synthesis Route for Monodisperse Nanocrystals,” Small 1(12), 1152–1162 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. H. S. Chen, K. W. Wang, S. S. Chen, and S. R. Chung, “ZnxCd1-xS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2080–2082 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

C. B. Saio, S. R. Chung, and K. W. Wang, “Controlling reabsorption effect of bi-color CdSe quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Proc. SPIE 10349, 103490 (2017).

2016 (3)

X. Luo, R. Hu, S. Liu, and K. Wang, “Heat and fluid flow in high-power LED packaging and applications,” Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. 56, 1–32 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Xie, R. Hu, and X. Luo, “Quantum dots-converted light-emitting diodes packaging for lighting and display: status and perspectives,” J. Electron. Packag. 138(2), 020803 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

F. Li, W.-N. Li, S.-Y. Fu, and H.-M. Xiao, “Formulating CdSe quantum dots for white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” J. Alloys Compd. 647, 837–843 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, H. S. Chen, and H. H. Chen, “Novel red-emission of ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Nanopart. Res. 17, 101 (2015).

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, X. Wang, T. Kohsei, K. Yoshimura, M. Izumi, N. Hirosaki, and R. J. Xie, “Highly efficient narrow-band green and red phosphors enabling wider color-gamut LED backlight for more brilliant displays,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28707–28717 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

Q. Zhang, C. F. Wang, L. T. Ling, and S. Chen, “Fluorescent nanomaterial-derived white light emitting diodes: what’s going on,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4358–4373 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, and H. S. Chen, “Green light emission of Zn𝑥Cd1−𝑥Se nanocrystals synthesized by one-pot method,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, K. W. Wang, S. S. Chen, and S. R. Chung, “ZnxCd1-xS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2080–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

N. Shukla, M. M. Nigra, and A. D. Ondeck, “One-Step Synthesis and Photoluminescence Evaluation of Cadmium-containing Quantum Dots,” Nano-Micro Lett. 4(1), 52–56 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

H. S. Chen, H. Y. Hong, and R. V. Kumar, “White light emission from semiconductor nanocrystals by in situ colour tuning in an alternating thermodynamic–kinetic fashion,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(16), 5928–5932 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

M. D. Regulacio and M. Y. Han, “Composition-tunable alloyed semiconductor nanocrystals,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(5), 621–630 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Talapin, J. S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Jones and G. D. Scholes, “On the use of time-resolved photoluminescence as a probe of nanocrystal photoexcitation dynamics,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3533–3538 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

R. Lu, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “LED-lit LCD TVs,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 246–259 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

G. Harbers, S. J. Bierhuizen, and M. R. Krames, “Performance of high power light emitting diodes in display illumination applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 98–109 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, H. Yang, and P. H. Holloway, “Single-step growth of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 126(2), 314–318 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

H. Lee, P. H. Holloway, H. Yang, L. Hardison, and V. D. Kleiman, “Synthesis and characterization of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanorods,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(16), 164711 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

C. de Mello Donegá, P. Liljeroth, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Physicochemical Evaluation of the Hot-Injection Method, a Synthesis Route for Monodisperse Nanocrystals,” Small 1(12), 1152–1162 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhong, R. Xie, Y. Zhang, T. Basché, and W. Knoll, “High-quality violet- to red-Emitting ZnSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 17(16), 4038–4042 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

X. Wang, L. Qu, J. Zhang, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Surface-related emission in highly luminescent CdSe quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 3(8), 1103–1106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Allen, P.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Anandan, M.

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

Basché, T.

X. Zhong, R. Xie, Y. Zhang, T. Basché, and W. Knoll, “High-quality violet- to red-Emitting ZnSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 17(16), 4038–4042 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benson, O.

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bierhuizen, S. J.

G. Harbers, S. J. Bierhuizen, and M. R. Krames, “Performance of high power light emitting diodes in display illumination applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 98–109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Breen, C.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cabot, A.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. W.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, G. H.

G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. H.

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, H. S. Chen, and H. H. Chen, “Novel red-emission of ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Nanopart. Res. 17, 101 (2015).

Chen, H. S.

G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, H. S. Chen, and H. H. Chen, “Novel red-emission of ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Nanopart. Res. 17, 101 (2015).

H. S. Chen, K. W. Wang, S. S. Chen, and S. R. Chung, “ZnxCd1-xS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2080–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, and H. S. Chen, “Green light emission of Zn𝑥Cd1−𝑥Se nanocrystals synthesized by one-pot method,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, H. Y. Hong, and R. V. Kumar, “White light emission from semiconductor nanocrystals by in situ colour tuning in an alternating thermodynamic–kinetic fashion,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(16), 5928–5932 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, K. J.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Chen, S.

Q. Zhang, C. F. Wang, L. T. Ling, and S. Chen, “Fluorescent nanomaterial-derived white light emitting diodes: what’s going on,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4358–4373 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. S.

Chen, T. M.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Chen, Y. F.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chien, C. T.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chien, S. H.

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Chiu, S. H.

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Chung, S. R.

C. B. Saio, S. R. Chung, and K. W. Wang, “Controlling reabsorption effect of bi-color CdSe quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Proc. SPIE 10349, 103490 (2017).

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, H. S. Chen, and H. H. Chen, “Novel red-emission of ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Nanopart. Res. 17, 101 (2015).

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, and H. S. Chen, “Green light emission of Zn𝑥Cd1−𝑥Se nanocrystals synthesized by one-pot method,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, K. W. Wang, S. S. Chen, and S. R. Chung, “ZnxCd1-xS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2080–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coe-Sullivan, S.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Mello Donegá, C.

C. de Mello Donegá, P. Liljeroth, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Physicochemical Evaluation of the Hot-Injection Method, a Synthesis Route for Monodisperse Nanocrystals,” Small 1(12), 1152–1162 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dou, H.

W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fu, S.-Y.

F. Li, W.-N. Li, S.-Y. Fu, and H.-M. Xiao, “Formulating CdSe quantum dots for white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” J. Alloys Compd. 647, 837–843 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gauza, S.

R. Lu, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “LED-lit LCD TVs,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 246–259 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gotzinger, S.

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

Guyot-Sionnnest, P.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamilton, C.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, H. V.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Han, M. Y.

M. D. Regulacio and M. Y. Han, “Composition-tunable alloyed semiconductor nanocrystals,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(5), 621–630 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harbers, G.

G. Harbers, S. J. Bierhuizen, and M. R. Krames, “Performance of high power light emitting diodes in display illumination applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 98–109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hardison, L.

H. Lee, P. H. Holloway, H. Yang, L. Hardison, and V. D. Kleiman, “Synthesis and characterization of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanorods,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(16), 164711 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heiss, W.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hens, Z.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirosaki, N.

L. Wang, X. Wang, T. Kohsei, K. Yoshimura, M. Izumi, N. Hirosaki, and R. J. Xie, “Highly efficient narrow-band green and red phosphors enabling wider color-gamut LED backlight for more brilliant displays,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28707–28717 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ho, J.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ho, S. J.

G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holloway, P. H.

H. Lee, H. Yang, and P. H. Holloway, “Single-step growth of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 126(2), 314–318 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, P. H. Holloway, H. Yang, L. Hardison, and V. D. Kleiman, “Synthesis and characterization of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanorods,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(16), 164711 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, H. Y.

H. S. Chen, H. Y. Hong, and R. V. Kumar, “White light emission from semiconductor nanocrystals by in situ colour tuning in an alternating thermodynamic–kinetic fashion,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(16), 5928–5932 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hong, Q.

R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, H. S.

R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, R.

X. Luo, R. Hu, S. Liu, and K. Wang, “Heat and fluid flow in high-power LED packaging and applications,” Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. 56, 1–32 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Xie, R. Hu, and X. Luo, “Quantum dots-converted light-emitting diodes packaging for lighting and display: status and perspectives,” J. Electron. Packag. 138(2), 020803 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hyeon, T.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Izumi, M.

Jang, E.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H. S.

J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeon, D. Y.

J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
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Jones, M.

M. Jones and G. D. Scholes, “On the use of time-resolved photoluminescence as a probe of nanocrystal photoexcitation dynamics,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3533–3538 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jun, S.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kagan, C. R.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, H. D.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J. U.

J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleiman, V. D.

H. Lee, P. H. Holloway, H. Yang, L. Hardison, and V. D. Kleiman, “Synthesis and characterization of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanorods,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(16), 164711 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klimov, V. I.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knoll, W.

X. Zhong, R. Xie, Y. Zhang, T. Basché, and W. Knoll, “High-quality violet- to red-Emitting ZnSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 17(16), 4038–4042 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ko, H.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kohsei, T.

Kolb, U.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Konstantatos, G.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korgel, B. A.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kornowski, A.

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kovalenko, M. V.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Talapin, J. S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krames, M. R.

G. Harbers, S. J. Bierhuizen, and M. R. Krames, “Performance of high power light emitting diodes in display illumination applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 98–109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kumar, R. V.

H. S. Chen, H. Y. Hong, and R. V. Kumar, “White light emission from semiconductor nanocrystals by in situ colour tuning in an alternating thermodynamic–kinetic fashion,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(16), 5928–5932 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kuo, H. C.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Kwon, Y.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C. Y.

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Lee, H.

H. Lee, H. Yang, and P. H. Holloway, “Single-step growth of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 126(2), 314–318 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, P. H. Holloway, H. Yang, L. Hardison, and V. D. Kleiman, “Synthesis and characterization of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanorods,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(16), 164711 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. H.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. J.

J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. S.

D. V. Talapin, J. S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K. H.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, P. T.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

F. Li, W.-N. Li, S.-Y. Fu, and H.-M. Xiao, “Formulating CdSe quantum dots for white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” J. Alloys Compd. 647, 837–843 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J. R.

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Li, L.

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W.

W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, W.-N.

F. Li, W.-N. Li, S.-Y. Fu, and H.-M. Xiao, “Formulating CdSe quantum dots for white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” J. Alloys Compd. 647, 837–843 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Liljeroth, P.

C. de Mello Donegá, P. Liljeroth, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Physicochemical Evaluation of the Hot-Injection Method, a Synthesis Route for Monodisperse Nanocrystals,” Small 1(12), 1152–1162 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, J.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, C. C.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Lin, H. Y.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. Y.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ling, L. T.

Q. Zhang, C. F. Wang, L. T. Ling, and S. Chen, “Fluorescent nanomaterial-derived white light emitting diodes: what’s going on,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4358–4373 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liou, S. C.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, I. S.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

X. Luo, R. Hu, S. Liu, and K. Wang, “Heat and fluid flow in high-power LED packaging and applications,” Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. 56, 1–32 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lo, H. H.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, R.

R. Lu, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “LED-lit LCD TVs,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 246–259 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

B. Xie, R. Hu, and X. Luo, “Quantum dots-converted light-emitting diodes packaging for lighting and display: status and perspectives,” J. Electron. Packag. 138(2), 020803 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Luo, R. Hu, S. Liu, and K. Wang, “Heat and fluid flow in high-power LED packaging and applications,” Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. 56, 1–32 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manna, L.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mekis, I.

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mews, A.

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Milliron, D. J.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murray, C. B.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nigra, M. M.

N. Shukla, M. M. Nigra, and A. D. Ondeck, “One-Step Synthesis and Photoluminescence Evaluation of Cadmium-containing Quantum Dots,” Nano-Micro Lett. 4(1), 52–56 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ondeck, A. D.

N. Shukla, M. M. Nigra, and A. D. Ondeck, “One-Step Synthesis and Photoluminescence Evaluation of Cadmium-containing Quantum Dots,” Nano-Micro Lett. 4(1), 52–56 (2012).
[Crossref]

Parak, W. J.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, B.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, K. H.

R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

X. Wang, L. Qu, J. Zhang, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Surface-related emission in highly luminescent CdSe quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 3(8), 1103–1106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Philip Chen, H. M.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Protière, M.

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qu, L.

X. Wang, L. Qu, J. Zhang, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Surface-related emission in highly luminescent CdSe quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 3(8), 1103–1106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Regulacio, M. D.

M. D. Regulacio and M. Y. Han, “Composition-tunable alloyed semiconductor nanocrystals,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(5), 621–630 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiss, P.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rogach, A. L.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saio, C. B.

C. B. Saio, S. R. Chung, and K. W. Wang, “Controlling reabsorption effect of bi-color CdSe quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Proc. SPIE 10349, 103490 (2017).

Scholes, G. D.

M. Jones and G. D. Scholes, “On the use of time-resolved photoluminescence as a probe of nanocrystal photoexcitation dynamics,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3533–3538 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shevchenko, E. V.

D. V. Talapin, J. S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shih, M. H.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Shukla, N.

N. Shukla, M. M. Nigra, and A. D. Ondeck, “One-Step Synthesis and Photoluminescence Evaluation of Cadmium-containing Quantum Dots,” Nano-Micro Lett. 4(1), 52–56 (2012).
[Crossref]

Steckel, J. S.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Su, W. F.

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, K.

W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takeda, T.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Talapin, D. V.

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Talapin, J. S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tao, K.

W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tu, H. H.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tu, Z. Y.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

C. de Mello Donegá, P. Liljeroth, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Physicochemical Evaluation of the Hot-Injection Method, a Synthesis Route for Monodisperse Nanocrystals,” Small 1(12), 1152–1162 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C. F.

Q. Zhang, C. F. Wang, L. T. Ling, and S. Chen, “Fluorescent nanomaterial-derived white light emitting diodes: what’s going on,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4358–4373 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

X. Luo, R. Hu, S. Liu, and K. Wang, “Heat and fluid flow in high-power LED packaging and applications,” Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. 56, 1–32 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, K. W.

C. B. Saio, S. R. Chung, and K. W. Wang, “Controlling reabsorption effect of bi-color CdSe quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Proc. SPIE 10349, 103490 (2017).

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, H. S. Chen, and H. H. Chen, “Novel red-emission of ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Nanopart. Res. 17, 101 (2015).

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, and H. S. Chen, “Green light emission of Zn𝑥Cd1−𝑥Se nanocrystals synthesized by one-pot method,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, K. W. Wang, S. S. Chen, and S. R. Chung, “ZnxCd1-xS quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2080–2082 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K. Y.

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

Wang, L.

Wang, S. W.

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Weller, H.

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

R. Lu, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “LED-lit LCD TVs,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 246–259 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xi, J. Q.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.-M.

F. Li, W.-N. Li, S.-Y. Fu, and H.-M. Xiao, “Formulating CdSe quantum dots for white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” J. Alloys Compd. 647, 837–843 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, M.

X. Wang, L. Qu, J. Zhang, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Surface-related emission in highly luminescent CdSe quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 3(8), 1103–1106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xie, B.

B. Xie, R. Hu, and X. Luo, “Quantum dots-converted light-emitting diodes packaging for lighting and display: status and perspectives,” J. Electron. Packag. 138(2), 020803 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, R.

X. Zhong, R. Xie, Y. Zhang, T. Basché, and W. Knoll, “High-quality violet- to red-Emitting ZnSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 17(16), 4038–4042 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, R. J.

L. Wang, X. Wang, T. Kohsei, K. Yoshimura, M. Izumi, N. Hirosaki, and R. J. Xie, “Highly efficient narrow-band green and red phosphors enabling wider color-gamut LED backlight for more brilliant displays,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28707–28717 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lee, H. Yang, and P. H. Holloway, “Single-step growth of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 126(2), 314–318 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Lee, P. H. Holloway, H. Yang, L. Hardison, and V. D. Kleiman, “Synthesis and characterization of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanorods,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(16), 164711 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, C. W.

G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, M. H.

G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshimura, K.

Zhang, J.

X. Wang, L. Qu, J. Zhang, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Surface-related emission in highly luminescent CdSe quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 3(8), 1103–1106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, C. F. Wang, L. T. Ling, and S. Chen, “Fluorescent nanomaterial-derived white light emitting diodes: what’s going on,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4358–4373 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

X. Zhong, R. Xie, Y. Zhang, T. Basché, and W. Knoll, “High-quality violet- to red-Emitting ZnSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 17(16), 4038–4042 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhong, X.

X. Zhong, R. Xie, Y. Zhang, T. Basché, and W. Knoll, “High-quality violet- to red-Emitting ZnSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 17(16), 4038–4042 (2005).
[Crossref]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

M. D. Regulacio and M. Y. Han, “Composition-tunable alloyed semiconductor nanocrystals,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(5), 621–630 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. V. Kovalenko, L. Manna, A. Cabot, Z. Hens, D. V. Talapin, C. R. Kagan, V. I. Klimov, A. L. Rogach, P. Reiss, D. J. Milliron, P. Guyot-Sionnnest, G. Konstantatos, W. J. Parak, T. Hyeon, B. A. Korgel, C. B. Murray, and W. Heiss, “Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals,” ACS Nano 9(2), 1012–1057 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

G. H. Chen, C. W. Yeh, M. H. Yeh, S. J. Ho, and H. S. Chen, “Wide gamut white light emitting diodes using quantum dot-silicone film protected by an atomic layer deposited TiO2 barrier,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 51(79), 14750–14753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

X. Zhong, R. Xie, Y. Zhang, T. Basché, and W. Knoll, “High-quality violet- to red-Emitting ZnSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals,” Chem. Mater. 17(16), 4038–4042 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

D. V. Talapin, J. S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. Y. Lin, S. W. Wang, C. C. Lin, K. J. Chen, H. V. Han, Z. Y. Tu, H. H. Tu, T. M. Chen, M. H. Shih, P. T. Lee, H. M. Philip Chen, and H. C. Kuo, “Excellent color quality of white-light-emitting diodes by embedding quantum dots in polymers material,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(1), 2000107 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. J. Chen, C. C. Lin, H. V. Han, C. Y. Lee, S. H. Chien, K. Y. Wang, S. H. Chiu, Z. Y. Tu, J. R. Li, T. M. Chen, X. Li, M. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Wide-range correlated color temperature light generation from resonant cavity hybrid quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1900407 (2015).

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

F. Li, W.-N. Li, S.-Y. Fu, and H.-M. Xiao, “Formulating CdSe quantum dots for white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index,” J. Alloys Compd. 647, 837–843 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

R. Xie, U. Kolb, J. Li, T. Basché, and A. Mews, “Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent CdSe-Core CdS/Zn0.5Cd0.5S/ZnS multishell nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(20), 7480–7488 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. Lee, P. H. Holloway, H. Yang, L. Hardison, and V. D. Kleiman, “Synthesis and characterization of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanorods,” J. Chem. Phys. 125(16), 164711 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Disp. Technol. (2)

G. Harbers, S. J. Bierhuizen, and M. R. Krames, “Performance of high power light emitting diodes in display illumination applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 98–109 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Lu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, K. H. Peng, and H. S. Hsieh, “Quantitative comparison of color performances between IPS and MVA LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(4), 319–326 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Electron. Packag. (1)

B. Xie, R. Hu, and X. Luo, “Quantum dots-converted light-emitting diodes packaging for lighting and display: status and perspectives,” J. Electron. Packag. 138(2), 020803 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

H. Lee, H. Yang, and P. H. Holloway, “Single-step growth of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe nanocrystals,” J. Lumin. 126(2), 314–318 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (4)

I. S. Liu, H. H. Lo, C. T. Chien, Y. Y. Lin, C. W. Chen, Y. F. Chen, W. F. Su, and S. C. Liou, “Enhancing photoluminescence quenching and photoelectric properties of CdSe quantum dots with hole accepting ligands,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(6), 675–682 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, H. Y. Hong, and R. V. Kumar, “White light emission from semiconductor nanocrystals by in situ colour tuning in an alternating thermodynamic–kinetic fashion,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(16), 5928–5932 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Li, J. Liu, K. Sun, H. Dou, and K. Tao, “Highly fluorescent water soluble CdxZn1-xTe alloyed quantum dots prepared in aqueous solution: one-step synthesis and the alloy effect of Zn,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(11), 2133–2138 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Jones and G. D. Scholes, “On the use of time-resolved photoluminescence as a probe of nanocrystal photoexcitation dynamics,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(18), 3533–3538 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

Q. Zhang, C. F. Wang, L. T. Ling, and S. Chen, “Fluorescent nanomaterial-derived white light emitting diodes: what’s going on,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4358–4373 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Nanomater. (1)

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, and H. S. Chen, “Green light emission of Zn𝑥Cd1−𝑥Se nanocrystals synthesized by one-pot method,” J. Nanomater. 2013, 1 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Nanopart. Res. (1)

S. R. Chung, K. W. Wang, H. S. Chen, and H. H. Chen, “Novel red-emission of ternary ZnCdSe semiconductor nanocrystals,” J. Nanopart. Res. 17, 101 (2015).

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

J. U. Kim, J. J. Lee, H. S. Jang, D. Y. Jeon, and H. Yang, “Widely tunable emissions of colloidal ZnxCd1-xSe alloy quantum dots using a constant Zn/Cd precursor ratio,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 725–729 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

D. V. Talapin, I. Mekis, S. Gotzinger, A. Kornowski, O. Benson, and H. Weller, “CdSe/CdS/ZnS and CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(49), 18826–18831 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (2)

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Q. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: the ultimate down-conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

R. Lu, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “LED-lit LCD TVs,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488(1), 246–259 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

X. Wang, L. Qu, J. Zhang, X. Peng, and M. Xiao, “Surface-related emission in highly luminescent CdSe quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 3(8), 1103–1106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nano-Micro Lett. (1)

N. Shukla, M. M. Nigra, and A. D. Ondeck, “One-Step Synthesis and Photoluminescence Evaluation of Cadmium-containing Quantum Dots,” Nano-Micro Lett. 4(1), 52–56 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. B. Saio, S. R. Chung, and K. W. Wang, “Controlling reabsorption effect of bi-color CdSe quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes,” Proc. SPIE 10349, 103490 (2017).

Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. (1)

X. Luo, R. Hu, S. Liu, and K. Wang, “Heat and fluid flow in high-power LED packaging and applications,” Pror. Energy Combust. Sci. 56, 1–32 (2016).
[Crossref]

Small (2)

P. Reiss, M. Protière, and L. Li, “Core/shell semiconductor nanocrystals,” Small 5(2), 154–168 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. de Mello Donegá, P. Liljeroth, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Physicochemical Evaluation of the Hot-Injection Method, a Synthesis Route for Monodisperse Nanocrystals,” Small 1(12), 1152–1162 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Property of blue-emitting LED (SMD 3020). (a) I-V curve and (b) EL spectrum. Insert photograph shows the B-LED under 20 mA.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of bi-color CdSe QDs-based WLED.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Temporal evolution of GR1.5 in growing the G-QDs.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Emission spectra of direct bi-color GRx QDs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The PL lifetime of GRx, G and R QDs taken at RT.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 HRTEM images of direct bi-color GRx QDs. (a) GR1.5, (b) GR1.1, and (c) GR0.75.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) EL spectra, (b) CIE and (c) device properties of bi-color GR0.75 QDs-based WLED.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The EL spectra and CIE of GR0.75 QDs-based WLED after long-term test.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) The EL spectra of bi-color GR0.75 QDs-based WLED (30 wt. % UV resin content) and transmission spectra of R/G/B color filters. (b) The EL spectra and the color images of bi-color GR0.75 QDs-based WLED (30 wt. % UV resin content) after color filters.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Color gamut of bi-color GR0.75 QDs-WLED (30 wt. % UV resin content) compared to NTSC and sRGB color standard in CIE 1931 color space.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Correlation between reabsorption and PL lifetime of GRx QDs.

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Table 2 Long-term stability and CIE of GR0.75 QD-based WLED after 20 mA operating.

Equations (2)

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F( t )= a 1 e ( t τ 1 ) + a 2 e ( t τ 2 )
τ avg = a i τ i 2 a i τ i

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