Abstract

Wide-angle polarization-insensitive triple-band perfect metamaterial absorbers (PMAs) based on single resonators are investigated. Generally speaking, the single resonator can only generate an absorption peak induced by the excitation of a fundamental resonance. Here, the designed absorbers with a single cave-ring resonator appear three perfect peaks for different polarization angles at 6.53 THz, 7.09 THz and 7.64 THz. For the case of the transverse electric (TE) mode, the resonant peaks are controlled by the angle of incidence. Compared with previous studies about angular stability, the absorptivity still exceeds 92% around 6.53THz even when the incident angle for the TE mode is up to 80°. For the case of the transverse magnetic (TM) mode, the absorptance at 7.64 THz is still greater than 92% even up to 70°. Simulated electric field (Ez) and magnetic field (/H/) distributions indicate that perfect absorption arises from the excitation of the multipolar response and surface plasmons. Besides, the complementary structure also displays three absorption peaks. We have demonstrated that simple ultrathin PMA has good absorption stability under an oblique incidence up to 70° at 2.62 THz, and that the resonance frequency at 2.62 THz is almost unchanged for the incident angle ranging from 0° to 70°. These proposed absorbers may be used in many applications, such as THz imaging, sensors, and detectors.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (4)

J. Xie, W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, C. He, J. Geng, X. Liang, R. Jin, and M. Premaratne, “Water metamaterial for ultra-broadband and wide-angle absorption,” Opt. Express 26(4), 5052–5059 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. T. Huang, C. H. Lu, C. C. Rong, S. M. Wang, and M. H. Liu, “Wide Angle of Incidence-Insensitive Polarization-Independent THz Metamaterial Absorber for Both TE and TM Mode Based on Plasmon Hybridizations,” Materials (Basel) 11(5), 671 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhao, H. Liu, Z. He, and S. Dong, “Theoretical design of twelve-band infrared metamaterial perfect absorber by combining the dipole, quadrupole, and octopole plasmon resonance modes of four different ring-strip resonators,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12838–12851 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

W. Pan, X. Yu, J. Zhang, and W. Zeng, “A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on two circular split rings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 53(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. X. Wang, “Quad-band terahertz metamaterial absorber based on the combining of the dipole and quadrupole resonances of two SRRs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–7 (2017).

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

D. Hu, H. Wang, Z. Tang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhu, “Design of four-band terahertz perfect absorber based on a simple#-shaped metamaterial resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(9), 826 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Rufangura and C. Sabah, “Design and characterization of a dual-band perfect metamaterial absorber for solar cell applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 671, 43–50 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and Z. Z. Cheng, “A photoexcited broadband switchable metamaterial absorber with polarization-insensitive and wide-angle absorption for terahertz waves,” Opt. Commun. 361, 41–46 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

Z. Su, J. Yin, and X. Zhao, “Terahertz dual-band metamaterial absorber based on graphene/MgF(2) multilayer structures,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1679–1690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, K. Liu, L. Wang, S. H. Jiang, and W. Zeng, “Multimodal broadband plasmonic absorber with densely packed metallic nanostars,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 786–789 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhai, C. Zhan, Z. Li, and C. Liang, “A triple-band ultrathin metamaterial absorber with wide-angle and polarization stability,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 241–244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

G. Dayal and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Multipolar localized resonances for multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers,” J. Opt. 16(9), 094016 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

J. W. Park, P. V. Tuong, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, W. H. Jang, E. H. Choi, L. Y. Chen, and Y. Lee, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber based on the arrangement of donut-type resonators,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9691–9702 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Singh, S. Kabiri Ameri, L. Chao, M. N. Afsar, and S. Sonkusale, “Broadband millimeterwave metamaterial absorber based on embedding of dual resonators,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 142, 625–638 (2013).

J. O. Akinlami and A. O. Ashamu, “Optical properties of GaAs,” J. Semicond. 34(3), 032002 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

W. Zhu, Y. Huang, I. D. Rukhlenko, G. Wen, and M. Premaratne, “Configurable metamaterial absorber with pseudo wideband spectrum,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6616–6621 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, D. R. Chowdhury, S. Ramani, M. T. Reiten, S. N. Luo, A. J. Taylor, and H. T. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of terahertz metamaterial absorbers with a broad and flat high absorption band,” Opt. Lett. 37(2), 154–156 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

2010 (4)

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 108, 37–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20256–20265 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Y. S. Xie, Q. H. Yang, and Y. L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Afsar, M. N.

P. Singh, S. Kabiri Ameri, L. Chao, M. N. Afsar, and S. Sonkusale, “Broadband millimeterwave metamaterial absorber based on embedding of dual resonators,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 142, 625–638 (2013).

Akinlami, J. O.

J. O. Akinlami and A. O. Ashamu, “Optical properties of GaAs,” J. Semicond. 34(3), 032002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ashamu, A. O.

J. O. Akinlami and A. O. Ashamu, “Optical properties of GaAs,” J. Semicond. 34(3), 032002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, J.

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bingham, C. M.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bossard, J. A.

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, S.

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chao, L.

P. Singh, S. Kabiri Ameri, L. Chao, M. N. Afsar, and S. Sonkusale, “Broadband millimeterwave metamaterial absorber based on embedding of dual resonators,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 142, 625–638 (2013).

Chen, H. R.

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

Chen, L. Y.

Chen, Q.

Cheng, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
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Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and Z. Z. Cheng, “A photoexcited broadband switchable metamaterial absorber with polarization-insensitive and wide-angle absorption for terahertz waves,” Opt. Commun. 361, 41–46 (2016).
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Cheng, Z. Z.

Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and Z. Z. Cheng, “A photoexcited broadband switchable metamaterial absorber with polarization-insensitive and wide-angle absorption for terahertz waves,” Opt. Commun. 361, 41–46 (2016).
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Chowdhury, D. R.

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Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
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X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
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D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
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G. Dayal and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Multipolar localized resonances for multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers,” J. Opt. 16(9), 094016 (2014).
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Dong, S.

Fan, K.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fernández-Domínguez, A. I.

Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
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K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
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J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
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Geng, J.

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, C.

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, R. Z.

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and Z. Z. Cheng, “A photoexcited broadband switchable metamaterial absorber with polarization-insensitive and wide-angle absorption for terahertz waves,” Opt. Commun. 361, 41–46 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grant, J.

Gu, J.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
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X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
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Guo, Z. Z.

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
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X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
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He, C.

He, S.

He, Z.

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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M. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 108, 37–49 (2010).
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Hou, X. W.

M. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 108, 37–49 (2010).
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D. Hu, H. Wang, Z. Tang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhu, “Design of four-band terahertz perfect absorber based on a simple#-shaped metamaterial resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(9), 826 (2016).
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Huang, M. L.

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
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X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
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Huang, X. T.

X. T. Huang, C. H. Lu, C. C. Rong, S. M. Wang, and M. H. Liu, “Wide Angle of Incidence-Insensitive Polarization-Independent THz Metamaterial Absorber for Both TE and TM Mode Based on Plasmon Hybridizations,” Materials (Basel) 11(5), 671 (2018).
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Huang, Y.

Jang, W. H.

Jiang, S. H.

H. Liu, K. Liu, L. Wang, S. H. Jiang, and W. Zeng, “Multimodal broadband plasmonic absorber with densely packed metallic nanostars,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 786–789 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, W. X.

Jin, R.

Jin, Y.

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
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Kabiri Ameri, S.

P. Singh, S. Kabiri Ameri, L. Chao, M. N. Afsar, and S. Sonkusale, “Broadband millimeterwave metamaterial absorber based on embedding of dual resonators,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 142, 625–638 (2013).

Khalid, A.

Kim, K. W.

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

Li, H.

Li, J.

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
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L. Li, Y. Yang, and C. Liang, “A wide-angle polarization-insensitive ultra-thin metamaterial absorber with three resonant modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(6), 063702 (2011).
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Li, M.

M. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 108, 37–49 (2010).
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Li, Y. X.

Li, Z.

H. Zhai, C. Zhan, Z. Li, and C. Liang, “A triple-band ultrathin metamaterial absorber with wide-angle and polarization stability,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 241–244 (2015).
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Liang, C.

H. Zhai, C. Zhan, Z. Li, and C. Liang, “A triple-band ultrathin metamaterial absorber with wide-angle and polarization stability,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 241–244 (2015).
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L. Li, Y. Yang, and C. Liang, “A wide-angle polarization-insensitive ultra-thin metamaterial absorber with three resonant modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(6), 063702 (2011).
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Liang, X.

Liao, Z.

Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
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Lin, L.

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
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Liu, H.

L. Zhao, H. Liu, Z. He, and S. Dong, “Theoretical design of twelve-band infrared metamaterial perfect absorber by combining the dipole, quadrupole, and octopole plasmon resonance modes of four different ring-strip resonators,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12838–12851 (2018).
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C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, K. Liu, L. Wang, S. H. Jiang, and W. Zeng, “Multimodal broadband plasmonic absorber with densely packed metallic nanostars,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 786–789 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, K.

H. Liu, K. Liu, L. Wang, S. H. Jiang, and W. Zeng, “Multimodal broadband plasmonic absorber with densely packed metallic nanostars,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 786–789 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M. H.

X. T. Huang, C. H. Lu, C. C. Rong, S. M. Wang, and M. H. Liu, “Wide Angle of Incidence-Insensitive Polarization-Independent THz Metamaterial Absorber for Both TE and TM Mode Based on Plasmon Hybridizations,” Materials (Basel) 11(5), 671 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
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Liu, X.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
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Liu, Y. L.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Y. S. Xie, Q. H. Yang, and Y. L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
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Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20256–20265 (2009).
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X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, C. H.

X. T. Huang, C. H. Lu, C. C. Rong, S. M. Wang, and M. H. Liu, “Wide Angle of Incidence-Insensitive Polarization-Independent THz Metamaterial Absorber for Both TE and TM Mode Based on Plasmon Hybridizations,” Materials (Basel) 11(5), 671 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, S. N.

Luo, Y.

Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, H. F.

Ma, Y.

Maier, S. A.

Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, X. S.

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mayer, T. S.

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, W.

W. Pan, X. Yu, J. Zhang, and W. Zeng, “A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on two circular split rings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 53(1), 1–6 (2017).
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Park, J. W.

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pilon, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Premaratne, M.

Ramakrishna, S. A.

G. Dayal and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Multipolar localized resonances for multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers,” J. Opt. 16(9), 094016 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ramani, S.

Reiten, M. T.

Rhee, J. Y.

Rong, C. C.

X. T. Huang, C. H. Lu, C. C. Rong, S. M. Wang, and M. H. Liu, “Wide Angle of Incidence-Insensitive Polarization-Independent THz Metamaterial Absorber for Both TE and TM Mode Based on Plasmon Hybridizations,” Materials (Basel) 11(5), 671 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rufangura, P.

P. Rufangura and C. Sabah, “Design and characterization of a dual-band perfect metamaterial absorber for solar cell applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 671, 43–50 (2016).
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Rukhlenko, I. D.

Sabah, C.

P. Rufangura and C. Sabah, “Design and characterization of a dual-band perfect metamaterial absorber for solar cell applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 671, 43–50 (2016).
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Saha, S.

Saha, S. C.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shrekenhamer, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Singh, P.

P. Singh, S. Kabiri Ameri, L. Chao, M. N. Afsar, and S. Sonkusale, “Broadband millimeterwave metamaterial absorber based on embedding of dual resonators,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 142, 625–638 (2013).

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonkusale, S.

P. Singh, S. Kabiri Ameri, L. Chao, M. N. Afsar, and S. Sonkusale, “Broadband millimeterwave metamaterial absorber based on embedding of dual resonators,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 142, 625–638 (2013).

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strikwerda, A. C.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Su, Z.

Sun, X.

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tang, C.

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tang, Z.

D. Hu, H. Wang, Z. Tang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhu, “Design of four-band terahertz perfect absorber based on a simple#-shaped metamaterial resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(9), 826 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

Tian, Y.

M. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 108, 37–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tuong, P. V.

Ulin-Avila, E.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, B. X.

B. X. Wang, “Quad-band terahertz metamaterial absorber based on the combining of the dipole and quadrupole resonances of two SRRs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–7 (2017).

Wang, D. Q.

X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

D. Hu, H. Wang, Z. Tang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhu, “Design of four-band terahertz perfect absorber based on a simple#-shaped metamaterial resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(9), 826 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

H. Liu, K. Liu, L. Wang, S. H. Jiang, and W. Zeng, “Multimodal broadband plasmonic absorber with densely packed metallic nanostars,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 786–789 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. M.

X. T. Huang, C. H. Lu, C. C. Rong, S. M. Wang, and M. H. Liu, “Wide Angle of Incidence-Insensitive Polarization-Independent THz Metamaterial Absorber for Both TE and TM Mode Based on Plasmon Hybridizations,” Materials (Basel) 11(5), 671 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watts, C. M.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, G.

Wen, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20256–20265 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Y. S. Xie, Q. H. Yang, and Y. L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Werner, D. H.

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, F.

Xie, J.

Xie, Y. S.

Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20256–20265 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Y. S. Xie, Q. H. Yang, and Y. L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xing, H.

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. L.

X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 108, 37–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Q. H.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Y. S. Xie, Q. H. Yang, and Y. L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20256–20265 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Li, Y. Yang, and C. Liang, “A wide-angle polarization-insensitive ultra-thin metamaterial absorber with three resonant modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(6), 063702 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ye, Y. Q.

Yin, J.

Yu, S. Q.

X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

W. Pan, X. Yu, J. Zhang, and W. Zeng, “A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on two circular split rings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 53(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yun, S.

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zang, Y.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zeng, W.

W. Pan, X. Yu, J. Zhang, and W. Zeng, “A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on two circular split rings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 53(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, K. Liu, L. Wang, S. H. Jiang, and W. Zeng, “Multimodal broadband plasmonic absorber with densely packed metallic nanostars,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 786–789 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, H.

H. Zhai, C. Zhan, Z. Li, and C. Liang, “A triple-band ultrathin metamaterial absorber with wide-angle and polarization stability,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 241–244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhan, C.

H. Zhai, C. Zhan, Z. Li, and C. Liang, “A triple-band ultrathin metamaterial absorber with wide-angle and polarization stability,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 241–244 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhan, M.

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H. W.

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Y. S. Xie, Q. H. Yang, and Y. L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20256–20265 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

W. Pan, X. Yu, J. Zhang, and W. Zeng, “A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on two circular split rings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 53(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

D. Hu, H. Wang, Z. Tang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhu, “Design of four-band terahertz perfect absorber based on a simple#-shaped metamaterial resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(9), 826 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, L.

Zhao, X.

Zhao, Y.

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Q.

D. Hu, H. Wang, Z. Tang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhu, “Design of four-band terahertz perfect absorber based on a simple#-shaped metamaterial resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(9), 826 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.

ACS Nano (1)

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

X. Shen, Y. Yang, Y. Zang, J. Gu, J. Han, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Triple-band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, experiment, and physical interpretation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 154102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Wen, H. W. Zhang, Y. S. Xie, Q. H. Yang, and Y. L. Liu, “Dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(24), 241111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

D. Hu, H. Wang, Z. Tang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhu, “Design of four-band terahertz perfect absorber based on a simple#-shaped metamaterial resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(9), 826 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (1)

H. Zhai, C. Zhan, Z. Li, and C. Liang, “A triple-band ultrathin metamaterial absorber with wide-angle and polarization stability,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 14, 241–244 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Pan, X. Yu, J. Zhang, and W. Zeng, “A broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on two circular split rings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 53(1), 1–6 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. X. Wang, “Quad-band terahertz metamaterial absorber based on the combining of the dipole and quadrupole resonances of two SRRs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(4), 1–7 (2017).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Liu, K. Liu, L. Wang, S. H. Jiang, and W. Zeng, “Multimodal broadband plasmonic absorber with densely packed metallic nanostars,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 786–789 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

P. Rufangura and C. Sabah, “Design and characterization of a dual-band perfect metamaterial absorber for solar cell applications,” J. Alloys Compd. 671, 43–50 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Li, Y. Yang, and C. Liang, “A wide-angle polarization-insensitive ultra-thin metamaterial absorber with three resonant modes,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(6), 063702 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

G. Dayal and S. A. Ramakrishna, “Multipolar localized resonances for multi-band metamaterial perfect absorbers,” J. Opt. 16(9), 094016 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, and R. D. Averitt, “A dual band terahertz metamaterial absorber,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(22), 225102 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. J. Huang, H. L. Yang, D. Q. Wang, S. Q. Yu, Y. C. Lou, and L. Guo, “Calculations of a wideband metamaterial absorber using equivalent medium theory,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(32), 325101 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Semicond. (1)

J. O. Akinlami and A. O. Ashamu, “Optical properties of GaAs,” J. Semicond. 34(3), 032002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Materials (Basel) (2)

X. T. Huang, C. H. Lu, C. C. Rong, S. M. Wang, and M. H. Liu, “Wide Angle of Incidence-Insensitive Polarization-Independent THz Metamaterial Absorber for Both TE and TM Mode Based on Plasmon Hybridizations,” Materials (Basel) 11(5), 671 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Cheng, M. L. Huang, H. R. Chen, Z. Z. Guo, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrathin six-band polarization-insensitive perfect metamaterial absorber based on a cross-cave patch resonator for terahertz waves,” Materials (Basel) 10(6), 591 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Bai, M. Ge, J. Li, C. Tang, X. Sun, H. Xing, and S. Chang, “Numerical investigation of broadband THz metamaterial absorber with double composite structure layer,” Opt. Commun. 423, 63–68 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and Z. Z. Cheng, “A photoexcited broadband switchable metamaterial absorber with polarization-insensitive and wide-angle absorption for terahertz waves,” Opt. Commun. 361, 41–46 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

L. Zhao, H. Liu, Z. He, and S. Dong, “Theoretical design of twelve-band infrared metamaterial perfect absorber by combining the dipole, quadrupole, and octopole plasmon resonance modes of four different ring-strip resonators,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12838–12851 (2018).
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Z. Su, J. Yin, and X. Zhao, “Terahertz dual-band metamaterial absorber based on graphene/MgF(2) multilayer structures,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1679–1690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhu, Y. Huang, I. D. Rukhlenko, G. Wen, and M. Premaratne, “Configurable metamaterial absorber with pseudo wideband spectrum,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6616–6621 (2012).
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J. Xie, W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, C. He, J. Geng, X. Liang, R. Jin, and M. Premaratne, “Water metamaterial for ultra-broadband and wide-angle absorption,” Opt. Express 26(4), 5052–5059 (2018).
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J. W. Park, P. V. Tuong, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, W. H. Jang, E. H. Choi, L. Y. Chen, and Y. Lee, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber based on the arrangement of donut-type resonators,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9691–9702 (2013).
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Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20256–20265 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B 78(24), 241103 (2008).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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Prog. Electromagnetics Res. (2)

P. Singh, S. Kabiri Ameri, L. Chao, M. N. Afsar, and S. Sonkusale, “Broadband millimeterwave metamaterial absorber based on embedding of dual resonators,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 142, 625–638 (2013).

M. Li, H. L. Yang, X. W. Hou, Y. Tian, and D. Y. Hou, “Perfect metamaterial absorber with dual bands,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 108, 37–49 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

Z. Liao, Y. Luo, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, X. Shen, S. A. Maier, and T. J. Cui, “High-order localized spoof surface plasmon resonances and experimental verifications,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9590 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Gong, M. Zhan, J. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, Y. Zhao, and W. Liu, “Broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber based on sectional asymmetric structures,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the proposed PMA with dimensions and three-dimensional (3D) coordinates: (a) front view of the unit cell, (b) cross section of unit cell, (c) 2D array.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectrum of THz MA with cave-ring resonator: (a) at normal incidence, (b) under different polarization angles of normal incidence.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption spectrum under (a) different electric conductivities of two metallic layers, (b) different loss tangents of the middle substrate.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorption spectra with different geometry parameters: (a) inner radius r, (b) outer radius R, and (c) thickness h of dielectric spacer.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Distribution of z component of electric fields (Ez) at (a) 6.53 THz, (b) 7.09 THz, and (c) 7.64 THz. Left figures represent the top surface of cave-ring resonator and right figures represent the interface between the top cave-ring metal and the middle substrate.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The x-z cross-section view for the distribution of magnetic field (/H/) at y = 0 (Black line represent the position of cave-ring resonator).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Absorption performance of triple-band MA at different incident angles: (a) TE mode, (b) TM mode. The insets illustrate the polarization direction.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Schematic of the proposed MA with complementary resonator, (b) absorption spectra for different polarization angles
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Absorption response under different incident angles: (a) TE mode, (b) TM mode. The insets exhibits z component of electric field (Ez) at the MA/air interface; the left and right elements of insets represent two adjacent unit cells of MA under different angles of incidence.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Compared performance of the complementary-resonator MA with similar THz MAs