Abstract

Infrared absorption spectroscopy takes advantage of the electric field enhancement to detect low amounts of materials such as monolayer biomolecules. While the plasmonic field enhancement is the popular approach, it has been demonstrated that the interference-based uniform field enhancement using a simple dielectric/metal structure exhibits higher sensitivity and larger spectral bandwidth for ultrathin materials. Here, we numerically demonstrate that the enhancement bandwidth of such interference coatings can be further increased by inserting a VO2 thin film between the dielectric and metal layers. The field enhancement spectrum blueshifts upon thermally-induced insulator-to-metal transition in the VO2 layer. The structure that maximizes the enhancement bandwidth is determined as 880-nm-thick CaF2 on 350-nm-thick VO2 on optically thick Al. The study is completed with the investigation of using a bottom metal layer as an internal heater to electrothermally induce the phase change.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

S.-H. Wu, M. Chen, M. T. Barako, V. Jankovic, P. W. C. Hon, L. A. Sweatlock, and M. L. Povinelli, “Thermal homeostasis using microstructured phase-change materials,” Optica 4(11), 1390 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Adnane, F. Dirisaglik, A. Cywar, K. Cil, Y. Zhu, C. Lam, A. F. M. Anwar, A. Gokirmak, and H. Silva, “High temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of Ge2 Sb2 Te5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(12), 125104 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Kato, M. Kuwahara, H. Kawashima, T. Tsuruoka, and H. Tsuda, “Current-driven phase-change optical gate switch using indium–tin-oxide heater,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(7), 072201 (2017).
[Crossref]

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(1), e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, P. G. Evans, R. F. Haglund, and J. G. Valentine, “Dynamically Reconfigurable Metadevice Employing Nanostructured Phase-Change Materials,” Nano Lett. 17(8), 4881–4885 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

A. Karvounis, B. Gholipour, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “All-dielectric phase-change reconfigurable metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 051103 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Thermally tunable ultrasensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy platforms based on thin phase-change films,” ACS Sensors 1(12), 1403–1407 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, T. Saidzoda, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Ultrathin phase-change coatings on metals for electrothermally-tunable colors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(7), 071109 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Yoo, T. Gwon, T. Eom, S. Kim, and C. S. Hwang, “Multicolor changeable optical coating by adopting multiple layers of ultrathin phase change material film,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1265–1270 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ayas, G. Bakan, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Universal infrared absorption spectroscopy using uniform electromagnetic enhancement,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 337–342 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. F. Schlich, P. Zalden, A. M. Lindenberg, and R. Spolenak, “Color switching with enhanced optical contrast in ultrathin phase-change materials and semiconductors induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 178–182 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511(7508), 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 1(9), 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, S. Zhang, P. Genevet, C. Ko, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Vanadium Dioxide as a Natural Disordered Metamaterial: Perfect Thermal Emission and Large Broadband Negative Differential Thermal Emittance,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041004 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. V. Brown, K. Zhao, N. King, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced infrared absorption using individual cross antennas tailored to chemical moieties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(9), 3688–3695 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. G. Chen, T. S. Kao, B. Ng, X. Li, X. G. Luo, B. Luk’yanchuk, S. A. Maier, and M. H. Hong, “Hybrid phase-change plasmonic crystals for active tuning of lattice resonances,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13691–13698 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. H. P. Pernice and H. Bhaskaran, “Photonic non-volatile memories using phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Z. L. Sámson, K. F. MacDonald, F. De Angelis, B. Gholipour, K. Knight, C. C. Huang, E. Di Fabrizio, D. W. Hewak, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial electro-optic switch of nanoscale thickness,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 143105 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 824–832 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, “Characterizations of VO2-based uncooled microbolometer linear array,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90(3), 212–214 (2001).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. S. Chappell, A. N. Bloch, W. A. Bryden, M. Maxfield, T. O. Poehler, and D. O. Cowan, “Degree of charge transfer in organic conductors by infrared absorption spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103(9), 2442–2443 (1981).
[Crossref]

Adato, R.

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adnane, L.

L. Adnane, F. Dirisaglik, A. Cywar, K. Cil, Y. Zhu, C. Lam, A. F. M. Anwar, A. Gokirmak, and H. Silva, “High temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of Ge2 Sb2 Te5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(12), 125104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Altug, H.

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andreev, G. O.

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anwar, A. F. M.

L. Adnane, F. Dirisaglik, A. Cywar, K. Cil, Y. Zhu, C. Lam, A. F. M. Anwar, A. Gokirmak, and H. Silva, “High temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of Ge2 Sb2 Te5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(12), 125104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Artar, A.

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

Ayas, S.

S. Ayas, G. Bakan, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Universal infrared absorption spectroscopy using uniform electromagnetic enhancement,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 337–342 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, T. Saidzoda, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Ultrathin phase-change coatings on metals for electrothermally-tunable colors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(7), 071109 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Thermally tunable ultrasensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy platforms based on thin phase-change films,” ACS Sensors 1(12), 1403–1407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Dicken, K. Aydin, I. M. Pryce, L. A. Sweatlock, E. M. Boyd, S. Walavalkar, J. Ma, and H. A. Atwater, “Frequency tunable near-infrared metamaterials based on VO2 phase transition,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18330–18339 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bakan, G.

S. Ayas, G. Bakan, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Universal infrared absorption spectroscopy using uniform electromagnetic enhancement,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 337–342 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, T. Saidzoda, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Ultrathin phase-change coatings on metals for electrothermally-tunable colors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(7), 071109 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Thermally tunable ultrasensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy platforms based on thin phase-change films,” ACS Sensors 1(12), 1403–1407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Balatsky, A. V.

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banar, B.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barako, M. T.

Basov, D. N.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhaskaran, H.

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511(7508), 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. P. Pernice and H. Bhaskaran, “Photonic non-volatile memories using phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, S. Zhang, P. Genevet, C. Ko, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Vanadium Dioxide as a Natural Disordered Metamaterial: Perfect Thermal Emission and Large Broadband Negative Differential Thermal Emittance,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041004 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bloch, A. N.

J. S. Chappell, A. N. Bloch, W. A. Bryden, M. Maxfield, T. O. Poehler, and D. O. Cowan, “Degree of charge transfer in organic conductors by infrared absorption spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103(9), 2442–2443 (1981).
[Crossref]

Boyd, E. M.

Brehm, M.

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, L. V.

L. V. Brown, K. Zhao, N. King, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced infrared absorption using individual cross antennas tailored to chemical moieties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(9), 3688–3695 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bryden, W. A.

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X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
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S. Yoo, T. Gwon, T. Eom, S. Kim, and C. S. Hwang, “Multicolor changeable optical coating by adopting multiple layers of ultrathin phase change material film,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1265–1270 (2016).
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M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, S. Zhang, P. Genevet, C. Ko, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Vanadium Dioxide as a Natural Disordered Metamaterial: Perfect Thermal Emission and Large Broadband Negative Differential Thermal Emittance,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041004 (2013).
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K. Kato, M. Kuwahara, H. Kawashima, T. Tsuruoka, and H. Tsuda, “Current-driven phase-change optical gate switch using indium–tin-oxide heater,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(7), 072201 (2017).
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M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
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M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
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M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
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S. Yoo, T. Gwon, T. Eom, S. Kim, and C. S. Hwang, “Multicolor changeable optical coating by adopting multiple layers of ultrathin phase change material film,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1265–1270 (2016).
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L. V. Brown, K. Zhao, N. King, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced infrared absorption using individual cross antennas tailored to chemical moieties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(9), 3688–3695 (2013).
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[Crossref]

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M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, S. Zhang, P. Genevet, C. Ko, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Vanadium Dioxide as a Natural Disordered Metamaterial: Perfect Thermal Emission and Large Broadband Negative Differential Thermal Emittance,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041004 (2013).
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H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
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K. Kato, M. Kuwahara, H. Kawashima, T. Tsuruoka, and H. Tsuda, “Current-driven phase-change optical gate switch using indium–tin-oxide heater,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(7), 072201 (2017).
[Crossref]

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L. Adnane, F. Dirisaglik, A. Cywar, K. Cil, Y. Zhu, C. Lam, A. F. M. Anwar, A. Gokirmak, and H. Silva, “High temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of Ge2 Sb2 Te5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(12), 125104 (2017).
[Crossref]

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N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

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K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(1), e16194 (2017).
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Lin, J.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
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H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
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K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(1), e16194 (2017).
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MacDonald, K. F.

A. Karvounis, B. Gholipour, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “All-dielectric phase-change reconfigurable metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 051103 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Maple, M. B.

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. S. Chappell, A. N. Bloch, W. A. Bryden, M. Maxfield, T. O. Poehler, and D. O. Cowan, “Degree of charge transfer in organic conductors by infrared absorption spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103(9), 2442–2443 (1981).
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A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 1(9), 833–839 (2014).
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N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
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Nordlander, P.

L. V. Brown, K. Zhao, N. King, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced infrared absorption using individual cross antennas tailored to chemical moieties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(9), 3688–3695 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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S. Ayas, G. Bakan, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Universal infrared absorption spectroscopy using uniform electromagnetic enhancement,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 337–342 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Thermally tunable ultrasensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy platforms based on thin phase-change films,” ACS Sensors 1(12), 1403–1407 (2016).
[Crossref]

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H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
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C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
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W. H. P. Pernice and H. Bhaskaran, “Photonic non-volatile memories using phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(17), 171101 (2012).
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J. S. Chappell, A. N. Bloch, W. A. Bryden, M. Maxfield, T. O. Poehler, and D. O. Cowan, “Degree of charge transfer in organic conductors by infrared absorption spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103(9), 2442–2443 (1981).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, M.

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(1), e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ramanathan, S.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, S. Zhang, P. Genevet, C. Ko, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Vanadium Dioxide as a Natural Disordered Metamaterial: Perfect Thermal Emission and Large Broadband Negative Differential Thermal Emittance,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041004 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z.

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ríos, C.

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Saidzoda, T.

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, T. Saidzoda, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Ultrathin phase-change coatings on metals for electrothermally-tunable colors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(7), 071109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sámson, Z. L.

Z. L. Sámson, K. F. MacDonald, F. De Angelis, B. Gholipour, K. Knight, C. C. Huang, E. Di Fabrizio, D. W. Hewak, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial electro-optic switch of nanoscale thickness,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 143105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Scherer, T.

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schlich, F. F.

F. F. Schlich, P. Zalden, A. M. Lindenberg, and R. Spolenak, “Color switching with enhanced optical contrast in ultrathin phase-change materials and semiconductors induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 178–182 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schuller, I. K.

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

Schuller, J. A.

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sharma, D.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Silva, H.

L. Adnane, F. Dirisaglik, A. Cywar, K. Cil, Y. Zhu, C. Lam, A. F. M. Anwar, A. Gokirmak, and H. Silva, “High temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of Ge2 Sb2 Te5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(12), 125104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sobhani, H.

L. V. Brown, K. Zhao, N. King, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced infrared absorption using individual cross antennas tailored to chemical moieties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(9), 3688–3695 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spolenak, R.

F. F. Schlich, P. Zalden, A. M. Lindenberg, and R. Spolenak, “Color switching with enhanced optical contrast in ultrathin phase-change materials and semiconductors induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 178–182 (2015).
[Crossref]

Stegmaier, M.

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steinle, T.

X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sweatlock, L. A.

Taubner, T.

X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 1(9), 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tongay, S.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tsuda, H.

K. Kato, M. Kuwahara, H. Kawashima, T. Tsuruoka, and H. Tsuda, “Current-driven phase-change optical gate switch using indium–tin-oxide heater,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(7), 072201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tsuruoka, T.

K. Kato, M. Kuwahara, H. Kawashima, T. Tsuruoka, and H. Tsuda, “Current-driven phase-change optical gate switch using indium–tin-oxide heater,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(7), 072201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Urban, C.

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

Valentine, J. G.

Z. Zhu, P. G. Evans, R. F. Haglund, and J. G. Valentine, “Dynamically Reconfigurable Metadevice Employing Nanostructured Phase-Change Materials,” Nano Lett. 17(8), 4881–4885 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valmianski, I.

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

Walavalkar, S.

Wang, D.

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, S. D.

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wright, C. D.

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511(7508), 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-H.

Wuttig, M.

X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 1(9), 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 824–832 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiong, B.

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, “Characterizations of VO2-based uncooled microbolometer linear array,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90(3), 212–214 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yamada, N.

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 824–832 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yi, X.

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, “Characterizations of VO2-based uncooled microbolometer linear array,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90(3), 212–214 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yin, X.

X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S.

S. Yoo, T. Gwon, T. Eom, S. Kim, and C. S. Hwang, “Multicolor changeable optical coating by adopting multiple layers of ultrathin phase change material film,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1265–1270 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yun, S. J.

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zalden, P.

F. F. Schlich, P. Zalden, A. M. Lindenberg, and R. Spolenak, “Color switching with enhanced optical contrast in ultrathin phase-change materials and semiconductors induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 178–182 (2015).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 1(9), 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, S. Zhang, P. Genevet, C. Ko, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Vanadium Dioxide as a Natural Disordered Metamaterial: Perfect Thermal Emission and Large Broadband Negative Differential Thermal Emittance,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, K.

L. V. Brown, K. Zhao, N. King, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced infrared absorption using individual cross antennas tailored to chemical moieties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(9), 3688–3695 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, “Characterizations of VO2-based uncooled microbolometer linear array,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90(3), 212–214 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

A. Karvounis, B. Gholipour, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “All-dielectric phase-change reconfigurable metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 051103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. L. Sámson, K. F. MacDonald, F. De Angelis, B. Gholipour, K. Knight, C. C. Huang, E. Di Fabrizio, D. W. Hewak, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial electro-optic switch of nanoscale thickness,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 143105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

L. Adnane, F. Dirisaglik, A. Cywar, K. Cil, Y. Zhu, C. Lam, A. F. M. Anwar, A. Gokirmak, and H. Silva, “High temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of Ge2 Sb2 Te5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(12), 125104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu, P. G. Evans, R. F. Haglund, and J. G. Valentine, “Dynamically Reconfigurable Metadevice Employing Nanostructured Phase-Change Materials,” Nano Lett. 17(8), 4881–4885 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (5)

F. F. Schlich, P. Zalden, A. M. Lindenberg, and R. Spolenak, “Color switching with enhanced optical contrast in ultrathin phase-change materials and semiconductors induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 178–182 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Yoo, T. Gwon, T. Eom, S. Kim, and C. S. Hwang, “Multicolor changeable optical coating by adopting multiple layers of ultrathin phase change material film,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1265–1270 (2016).
[Crossref]

A.-K. U. Michel, P. Zalden, D. N. Chigrin, M. Wuttig, A. M. Lindenberg, and T. Taubner, “Reversible optical switching of infrared antenna resonances with ultrathin phase-change layers using femtosecond laser pulses,” ACS Photonics 1(9), 833–839 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. A. Butakov, I. Valmianski, T. Lewi, C. Urban, Z. Ren, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. D. Wilson, I. K. Schuller, and J. A. Schuller, “Switchable Plasmonic–Dielectric Resonators with Metal–Insulator Transitions,” ACS Photonics 5(2), 371–377 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Ayas, G. Bakan, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Universal infrared absorption spectroscopy using uniform electromagnetic enhancement,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 337–342 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Sensors (1)

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, E. Ozgur, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Thermally tunable ultrasensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy platforms based on thin phase-change films,” ACS Sensors 1(12), 1403–1407 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

K. Kato, M. Kuwahara, H. Kawashima, T. Tsuruoka, and H. Tsuda, “Current-driven phase-change optical gate switch using indium–tin-oxide heater,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(7), 072201 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

Z. L. Sámson, K. F. MacDonald, F. De Angelis, B. Gholipour, K. Knight, C. C. Huang, E. Di Fabrizio, D. W. Hewak, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial electro-optic switch of nanoscale thickness,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(14), 143105 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. P. Pernice and H. Bhaskaran, “Photonic non-volatile memories using phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(17), 171101 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Bakan, S. Ayas, T. Saidzoda, K. Celebi, and A. Dana, “Ultrathin phase-change coatings on metals for electrothermally-tunable colors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(7), 071109 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Karvounis, B. Gholipour, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “All-dielectric phase-change reconfigurable metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 051103 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kats, D. Sharma, J. Lin, P. Genevet, R. Blanchard, Z. Yang, M. M. Qazilbash, D. N. Basov, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin perfect absorber employing a tunable phase change material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 221101 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Kocer, S. Butun, B. Banar, K. Wang, S. Tongay, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Thermal tuning of infrared resonant absorbers based on hybrid gold-VO2 nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(16), 161104 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

J. S. Chappell, A. N. Bloch, W. A. Bryden, M. Maxfield, T. O. Poehler, and D. O. Cowan, “Degree of charge transfer in organic conductors by infrared absorption spectroscopy,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103(9), 2442–2443 (1981).
[Crossref]

L. V. Brown, K. Zhao, N. King, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Surface-enhanced infrared absorption using individual cross antennas tailored to chemical moieties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(9), 3688–3695 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Adnane, F. Dirisaglik, A. Cywar, K. Cil, Y. Zhu, C. Lam, A. F. M. Anwar, A. Gokirmak, and H. Silva, “High temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of Ge2 Sb2 Te5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 122(12), 125104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

K.-K. Du, Q. Li, Y.-B. Lyu, J.-C. Ding, Y. Lu, Z.-Y. Cheng, and M. Qiu, “Control over emissivity of zero-static-power thermal emitters based on phase-changing material GST,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(1), e16194 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Yin, T. Steinle, L. Huang, T. Taubner, M. Wuttig, T. Zentgraf, and H. Giessen, “Beam switching and bifocal zoom lensing using active plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17016 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

R. Adato, A. Artar, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Engineered absorption enhancement and induced transparency in coupled molecular and plasmonic resonator systems,” Nano Lett. 13(6), 2584–2591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, P. G. Evans, R. F. Haglund, and J. G. Valentine, “Dynamically Reconfigurable Metadevice Employing Nanostructured Phase-Change Materials,” Nano Lett. 17(8), 4881–4885 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

R. Adato and H. Altug, “In-situ ultra-sensitive infrared absorption spectroscopy of biomolecule interactions in real time with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. Wuttig and N. Yamada, “Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 824–832 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. H. P. Pernice, “Integrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memory,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 725–732 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. Bhaskaran, “An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films,” Nature 511(7508), 206–211 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. X (1)

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, S. Zhang, P. Genevet, C. Ko, S. Ramanathan, and F. Capasso, “Vanadium Dioxide as a Natural Disordered Metamaterial: Perfect Thermal Emission and Large Broadband Negative Differential Thermal Emittance,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041004 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

H. Kocer, S. Butun, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Tongay, D. Fu, K. Wang, J. Wu, and K. Aydin, “Intensity tunable infrared broadband absorbers based on VO2 phase transition using planar layered thin films,” Sci. Rep. 5(13384), 13384 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B.-G. Chae, P.-C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B.-J. Kim, S. J. Yun, A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple, F. Keilmann, H. T. Kim, and D. N. Basov, “Mott transition in VO2 revealed by infrared spectroscopy and nano-imaging,” Science 318(5857), 1750–1753 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, “Characterizations of VO2-based uncooled microbolometer linear array,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90(3), 212–214 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. H. Lienhard, A Heat Transfer Textbook, 4th ed. (Courier Corporation, 2013).

S. Kakac, Y. Yener, and A. Pramuanjaroenkij, Convective Heat Transfer (CRC Press, 2013). (2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Illustration of infrared absorption spectroscopy surfaces: (i) Cross-section of a semi-infinite CaF2 substrate, (ii) top-down illustration of a single Ag nanoantenna on Si, and (iii) cross-section of a thin CaF2 film on optically-thick Al. (b) The field-intensity enhancement spectra for the surfaces in (a). The field-intensity on the antennas is averaged for 10-nm thick volume on the surface.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Cross-section illustration of stacked CaF2 and VO2 films on optically-thick Al. (b) Field-intensity enhancement on the CaF2 surface for t1 = 350 nm, t2 = 880 nm. (c) Field-intensity enhancement factor averaged over the wavelength range of 2.5 – 10 µm for varying CaF2 and VO2 thicknesses. (d) Cross-section illustration of 850-nm CaF2/100-nm VO2/370-nm CaF2 stack on optically-thick Al. (e) Field-intensity enhancement on the surface for the stack shown in (d). The optical properties of the VO2 layer are obtained from Ref [22].
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Cross-section illustration of 10-nm-thick PMMA on the sensor surface. (b) Simulated absorption spectra of the PMMA layer on the sensor for the insulating and metallic VO2 and when the PMMA layer resides on a CaF2 window.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Heat flow directions on the cross-section of the surface. (b) 3D illustration of the surface with the metal layer patterned in a serpentine shape. The VO2 and CaF2 layers are not shown for clarity. Note that the gaps between the metal features are exaggerated for clarity. The gaps must be minimized for a better surface coverage.

Equations (1)

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k Ca F 2 t Ca F 2 ( T 1 T 2 )A q Cond1 = ϵσ( T 2 4 T amb 4 )A q Rad + h( T 2 T amb )A q Conv

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