Abstract

3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x (x = 0,0.01,0.03,0.06,0.09) single crystals are grown by the temperature gradient technique (TGT), where the Gd3+ ions were used as a lattice structural modifier to form a disordered lattice site. The Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x crystals maintain cubic structure Fm3m. Specifically, the absorption cross section of 3 at.%Yb: Sr0.97Gd0.03F2.03 crystal was increased by more than 10% compared with that of 3 at.%Yb:SrF2. The emission cross section σem in 3 at.%Yb: Sr0.97Gd0.03F2.03 was 1.21 × 10−20 cm2 at a central wavelength of 976 nm with an enhancement of 11% as compared with that of 3 at.%Yb:SrF2. A direct continuous-wave diode pumped 3 at.%Yb: Sr0.97Gd0.03F2.03 laser could generate an output power of 3.8 W at 1052 nm with an optic-optic efficiency of 46.5% by using output coupler with a transmission T = 3%.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Dietrich, S. Piehler, M. Rumpel, P. Villeval, D. Lupinski, M. Abdou-Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Highly-efficient continuous-wave intra-cavity frequency-doubled Yb:LuAG thin-disk laser with 1 kW of output power,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4917–4925 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. Pellegrina, A. Courjaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, E. Mottay, F. Druon, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power laser performance,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).
  6. V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Cw and tunable laser operation of Yb doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  13. W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. S. Shen and A. Jha, “The influence of f-ion doping on the fluorescence (4I13/2 → 4I15/2) line shape broadening in er-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(3), 321–333 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  17. L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

T. Dietrich, S. Piehler, M. Rumpel, P. Villeval, D. Lupinski, M. Abdou-Ahmed, and T. Graf, “Highly-efficient continuous-wave intra-cavity frequency-doubled Yb:LuAG thin-disk laser with 1 kW of output power,” Opt. Express 25(5), 4917–4925 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

2014 (1)

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Boedefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2770–2772 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Cw and tunable laser operation of Yb doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Shen and A. Jha, “The influence of f-ion doping on the fluorescence (4I13/2 → 4I15/2) line shape broadening in er-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(3), 321–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Abdou-Ahmed, M.

Benayad, A.

Boedefeld, R.

Boudeile, J.

Brasse, G.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Braud, A.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, J. Boudeile, M. Hanna, P. Georges, A. Benayad, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Mode-locked operation of a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:SrF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2354–2356 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Cw and tunable laser operation of Yb doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chase, L.

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Courjaud, A.

DeLoach, L.

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dietrich, T.

Dong, Y.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J. L.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pellegrina, A. Courjaud, D. N. Papadopoulos, E. Mottay, F. Druon, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “On Yb:CaF2 and Yb:SrF2: review of spectroscopic and thermal properties and their impact on femtosecond and high power laser performance,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 489–502 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, J. Boudeile, M. Hanna, P. Georges, A. Benayad, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Mode-locked operation of a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:SrF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2354–2356 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Cw and tunable laser operation of Yb doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[Crossref]

Druon, F.

Georges, P.

Graf, T.

Hanna, M.

He, Y.

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

Hein, J.

Hornung, M.

Hu, M. L.

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jang, D.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

S. Shen and A. Jha, “The influence of f-ion doping on the fluorescence (4I13/2 → 4I15/2) line shape broadening in er-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(3), 321–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D. P.

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jochmann, A.

Kaluza, M. C.

Karsch, S.

Klingebiel, S.

Krausz, F.

Krupke, W.

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kway, W.

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, H. J.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

Liu, J. F.

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

Liu, W.

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

Lupinski, D.

Ma, F. K.

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

Ménard, V.

Moncorge, R.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moncorgé, R.

Mottay, E.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Payne, S.

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pellegrina, A.

Petit, V.

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Cw and tunable laser operation of Yb doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[Crossref]

Piehler, S.

Piotr, S.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Podleska, S.

Qian, X.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qian, X. B.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Radoslaw, L.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rumpel, M.

Shen, S.

S. Shen and A. Jha, “The influence of f-ion doping on the fluorescence (4I13/2 → 4I15/2) line shape broadening in er-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(3), 321–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shi, J. K.

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Si, J.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Siebold, M.

Smith, L.

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Su, L.

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, F.

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

Tao, X.

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

Toratani, H.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uecker, R.

Veronesi, S.

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

Villeval, P.

Volpi, A.

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wandt, C.

Wang, C.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Y.

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

Wang, Q.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. G.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, L.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Witold, R.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, F.

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. B.

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xue, Y.

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

Zhan, Y.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Y. Y.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

Zhao, G.

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zou, X.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

V. Petit, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Cw and tunable laser operation of Yb doped CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(6), 681–684 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Zheng, J. Xu, G. Zhao, L. Su, F. Wu, and X. Liang, “Bulk crystal growth and efficient diode-pumped laser performance of Yb3+:Sc2SiO5,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3-4), 443–445 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, L. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhao, Y. Dong, G. Zhou, and J. Si, “Sites structure and spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped and Yb, Na-codoped CaF2 laser crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 406(1–3), 254–258 (2005).
[Crossref]

CrystEngComm (1)

Q. Hu, Z. Jia, A. Volpi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and spectral broadening of a promising Yb:CaLuxGd1−xAlO4 disordered crystal for ultrafast laser application,” CrystEngComm 19(12), 1643–1647 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+, doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Inorg. Mater. (1)

Y. He, Y. Xue, W. Liu, L. Su, F. Tang, and J. Wang, “Structure and Property of Yb Doped Ca1-xRxF2+x (R=La, Gd) Laser Crystals,” J. Inorg. Mater. 32(8), 857–862 (2017).

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. Wu, L. Su, Q. Wang, H. Li, Y. Zhan, D. Jang, X. Qian, C. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Xu, R. Witold, S. Piotr, and L. Radoslaw, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped CaF2-YF3 solid-solution laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105805 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

W. B. Xu, L. Chai, J. K. Shi, M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. B. Su, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Operational characteristics of a ld-pumped novel Yb,Y:CaF2 mode-locked laser using a sesam,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115816 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorge, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(3), 035804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Shen and A. Jha, “The influence of f-ion doping on the fluorescence (4I13/2 → 4I15/2) line shape broadening in er-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(3), 321–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

X. Zou and H. Toratani, “Evaluation of spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 52(22), 15889–15897 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wuli Xuebao (1)

J. Liu, J. F. Liu, L. B. Su, Q. Zhang, F. K. Ma, D. P. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effects of Gd3+/Y3+ codoping on the spectral properties of Nd:CaF2 crystals,” Wuli Xuebao 65, 5 (2016).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 X-ray Diffraction measurement of the as-grown 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x single crystal. (a). the whole comparison from 10° to 80° of X-ray Diffraction intensity in 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x single crystal; (b). the partial comparison from 25° to 29° of X-ray Diffraction intensity in 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x single crystal
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectra of 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x single crystal. a) absorption coefficient; b) absorption cross-section.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) The emission cross section spectra for in 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x crystals; b) the emission cross-section at 976 nm, 1012 nm, 1029 nm and 1041nm varying with the concentration of Gd3+ ions in 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x crystals.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) The fluorescence lifetime of 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x crystals; b) The average output power as a function of input power for CW laser; c) FOM Gain at 1052 nm and optic-optic efficiency in 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x crystals; d) The average output power as a function of absorbed pump power for CW laser in 3 at.%Yb: Sr0.97Gd0.03F2.03 crystal.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Segregation coefficient of Yb3+ and Gd3+ ions in 3 at.%Yb: Sr1-xGdxF2+x crystal.

Tables Icon

Table 2 The emission cross section σem of different Yb-doped crystals.