Abstract

CdTe quantum dots (QDs) were home fabricated in silicate glasses through the conventional melt-quenching technique. Raman analysis confirms the formation of CdTe QDs, and the tunable optical absorption and emission properties exhibit a dependence on QD-size. Meanwhile, the luminescence of CdTe QDs in silicate glasses excited by an infrared femtosecond laser was demonstrated to be a two-photon process by measuring the dependence of fluorescence intensity on laser pump power. Two-photon induced luminescence was achieved by both 800 nm and 960 nm femtosecond laser pulses.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. E. Brus, “Electron–Electron and Electron‐Hole Interactions in Small Semiconductor Crystallites: The Size Dependence of the Lowest Excited Electronic State,” J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403–4409 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Epifani, G. Leo, M. Lomascolo, L. Vasanelli, and L. Manna, “Sol-gel synthesis of hybrid organic-inorganic monoliths doped with colloidal cdse/zns core-shell nanocrystals,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26(1), 441–446 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. F. Amin, D. A. Yushchenko, J. M. Montenegro, and W. J. Parak, “Integration of organic fluorophores in the surface of polymer-coated colloidal nanoparticles for sensing the local polarity of the environment,” ChemPhysChem 13(4), 1030–1035 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  8. I. Voitenko, J. F. Muth, M. Gerhold, D. Cui, and J. Xu, “Tunable photoluminescence of polymer doped with pbse quantum dots,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 27(5), 1078–1081 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Chang, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Optical properties of pbse quantum dots doped in borosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1897–1899 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  12. W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Nogami, K. Nagaska, and E. Kato, “Preparation of small-particle-size, semiconductor cds-doped silica glasses by the sol–gel process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(7), 2097–2099 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59(9), 1041–1070 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Two-Photon Laser Scanning Fluorescence Microscopy Using Photonic Crystal Fiber,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9(5), 922–927 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. C. W. Spangler, “Recent Development in the Design of Organic Materials for Optical Power Limiting,” J. Mater. Chem. 9(9), 2013–2020 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. F. Helmchen and W. Denk, “Deep tissue two-photon microscopy,” Nat. Methods 2(12), 932–940 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. J. Bepko, “Anisotropy of Two-Photon Absorption in GaAs and CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 669–672 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. Pan, A. Ishikawa, and N. Tamai, “Detection of Optical Trapping of Cdte Quantum Dots by Two-Photon-Induced Luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 75(16), 161305 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  23. L. Shcherbak, “Pre-transition phenomena in cdte near the melting point,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 397–405 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Ekimov, “Growth and optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals in a glass matrix,” J. Lumin. 70(1), 1–20 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  25. O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  26. R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-Koch, “Photouminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation,” Science 270(5237), 776–778 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanocrystals as fluorescent biological labels,” Science 281(5385), 2013–2016 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

F. Amin, D. A. Yushchenko, J. M. Montenegro, and W. J. Parak, “Integration of organic fluorophores in the surface of polymer-coated colloidal nanoparticles for sensing the local polarity of the environment,” ChemPhysChem 13(4), 1030–1035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

J. Chang, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Optical properties of pbse quantum dots doped in borosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1897–1899 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

I. Voitenko, J. F. Muth, M. Gerhold, D. Cui, and J. Xu, “Tunable photoluminescence of polymer doped with pbse quantum dots,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 27(5), 1078–1081 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Pan, A. Ishikawa, and N. Tamai, “Detection of Optical Trapping of Cdte Quantum Dots by Two-Photon-Induced Luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 75(16), 161305 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

F. Helmchen and W. Denk, “Deep tissue two-photon microscopy,” Nat. Methods 2(12), 932–940 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Burda, X. Chen, R. Narayanan, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1025–1102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Two-Photon Laser Scanning Fluorescence Microscopy Using Photonic Crystal Fiber,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9(5), 922–927 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Epifani, G. Leo, M. Lomascolo, L. Vasanelli, and L. Manna, “Sol-gel synthesis of hybrid organic-inorganic monoliths doped with colloidal cdse/zns core-shell nanocrystals,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26(1), 441–446 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

C. W. Spangler, “Recent Development in the Design of Organic Materials for Optical Power Limiting,” J. Mater. Chem. 9(9), 2013–2020 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Shcherbak, “Pre-transition phenomena in cdte near the melting point,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 397–405 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanocrystals as fluorescent biological labels,” Science 281(5385), 2013–2016 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59(9), 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ekimov, “Growth and optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals in a glass matrix,” J. Lumin. 70(1), 1–20 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-Koch, “Photouminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation,” Science 270(5237), 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. Nogami, K. Nagaska, and E. Kato, “Preparation of small-particle-size, semiconductor cds-doped silica glasses by the sol–gel process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(7), 2097–2099 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

L. E. Brus, “Electron–Electron and Electron‐Hole Interactions in Small Semiconductor Crystallites: The Size Dependence of the Lowest Excited Electronic State,” J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403–4409 (1984).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

S. J. Bepko, “Anisotropy of Two-Photon Absorption in GaAs and CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 669–672 (1975).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanocrystals as fluorescent biological labels,” Science 281(5385), 2013–2016 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amezcua, A.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

Amin, F.

F. Amin, D. A. Yushchenko, J. M. Montenegro, and W. J. Parak, “Integration of organic fluorophores in the surface of polymer-coated colloidal nanoparticles for sensing the local polarity of the environment,” ChemPhysChem 13(4), 1030–1035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arzeta-Ferrer, X.

T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bailey, D.

T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baumberg, J. J.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

Benedetto, J.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bepko, S. J.

S. J. Bepko, “Anisotropy of Two-Photon Absorption in GaAs and CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 669–672 (1975).
[Crossref]

Berg, M. D.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bhawalkar, J. D.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59(9), 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bruchez, M.

M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanocrystals as fluorescent biological labels,” Science 281(5385), 2013–2016 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brus, L. E.

L. E. Brus, “Electron–Electron and Electron‐Hole Interactions in Small Semiconductor Crystallites: The Size Dependence of the Lowest Excited Electronic State,” J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403–4409 (1984).
[Crossref]

Buchner, S. P.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Burda, C.

C. Burda, X. Chen, R. Narayanan, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1025–1102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, J.

J. Chang, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Optical properties of pbse quantum dots doped in borosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1897–1899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

C. Burda, X. Chen, R. Narayanan, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1025–1102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.-M.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin, R. P.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-Koch, “Photouminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation,” Science 270(5237), 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chou, P.-T.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colajacomo, C.

O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cui, D.

I. Voitenko, J. F. Muth, M. Gerhold, D. Cui, and J. Xu, “Tunable photoluminescence of polymer doped with pbse quantum dots,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 27(5), 1078–1081 (2007).
[Crossref]

Curry, R. J.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

Denk, W.

F. Helmchen and W. Denk, “Deep tissue two-photon microscopy,” Nat. Methods 2(12), 932–940 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dimitrijevic, N. M.

T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ekimov, A.

A. Ekimov, “Growth and optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals in a glass matrix,” J. Lumin. 70(1), 1–20 (1996).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, M. A.

C. Burda, X. Chen, R. Narayanan, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1025–1102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Epifani, M.

M. Epifani, G. Leo, M. Lomascolo, L. Vasanelli, and L. Manna, “Sol-gel synthesis of hybrid organic-inorganic monoliths doped with colloidal cdse/zns core-shell nanocrystals,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26(1), 441–446 (2003).
[Crossref]

Finlayson, C. E.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

Frecker, T.

T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
[Crossref]

Friendlich, M. R.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gerhold, M.

I. Voitenko, J. F. Muth, M. Gerhold, D. Cui, and J. Xu, “Tunable photoluminescence of polymer doped with pbse quantum dots,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 27(5), 1078–1081 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gin, P.

M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanocrystals as fluorescent biological labels,” Science 281(5385), 2013–2016 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grossel, M. C.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

He, G. S.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59(9), 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

Helmchen, F.

F. Helmchen and W. Denk, “Deep tissue two-photon microscopy,” Nat. Methods 2(12), 932–940 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heo, J.

J. Chang, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Optical properties of pbse quantum dots doped in borosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1897–1899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, C.-C.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, C.-C.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, A.

L. Pan, A. Ishikawa, and N. Tamai, “Detection of Optical Trapping of Cdte Quantum Dots by Two-Photon-Induced Luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 75(16), 161305 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kang, I.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kato, E.

M. Nogami, K. Nagaska, and E. Kato, “Preparation of small-particle-size, semiconductor cds-doped silica glasses by the sol–gel process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(7), 2097–2099 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. S.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kolobkova, E.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kovalenko, M. V.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krauss, T.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kycia, S.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Label, K. A.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ladbury, R. L.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lai, C.-W.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.-S.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leo, G.

M. Epifani, G. Leo, M. Lomascolo, L. Vasanelli, and L. Manna, “Sol-gel synthesis of hybrid organic-inorganic monoliths doped with colloidal cdse/zns core-shell nanocrystals,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26(1), 441–446 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. H.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipovskii, A.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Chang, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Optical properties of pbse quantum dots doped in borosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1897–1899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lomascolo, M.

M. Epifani, G. Leo, M. Lomascolo, L. Vasanelli, and L. Manna, “Sol-gel synthesis of hybrid organic-inorganic monoliths doped with colloidal cdse/zns core-shell nanocrystals,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26(1), 441–446 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lü, M. K.

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Manna, L.

M. Epifani, G. Leo, M. Lomascolo, L. Vasanelli, and L. Manna, “Sol-gel synthesis of hybrid organic-inorganic monoliths doped with colloidal cdse/zns core-shell nanocrystals,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26(1), 441–446 (2003).
[Crossref]

McBride, J.

T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
[Crossref]

McConnell, G.

G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Two-Photon Laser Scanning Fluorescence Microscopy Using Photonic Crystal Fiber,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9(5), 922–927 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McMorrow, D.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Micic, O. I.

T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
[Crossref]

Montenegro, J. M.

F. Amin, D. A. Yushchenko, J. M. Montenegro, and W. J. Parak, “Integration of organic fluorophores in the surface of polymer-coated colloidal nanoparticles for sensing the local polarity of the environment,” ChemPhysChem 13(4), 1030–1035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moronne, M.

M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanocrystals as fluorescent biological labels,” Science 281(5385), 2013–2016 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muth, J. F.

I. Voitenko, J. F. Muth, M. Gerhold, D. Cui, and J. Xu, “Tunable photoluminescence of polymer doped with pbse quantum dots,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 27(5), 1078–1081 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nagaska, K.

M. Nogami, K. Nagaska, and E. Kato, “Preparation of small-particle-size, semiconductor cds-doped silica glasses by the sol–gel process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(7), 2097–2099 (1990).
[Crossref]

Narayanan, R.

C. Burda, X. Chen, R. Narayanan, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1025–1102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami, K. Nagaska, and E. Kato, “Preparation of small-particle-size, semiconductor cds-doped silica glasses by the sol–gel process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(7), 2097–2099 (1990).
[Crossref]

Nozik, A. J.

T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ochor, O. R.

O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Olkhovets, A.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pan, L.

L. Pan, A. Ishikawa, and N. Tamai, “Detection of Optical Trapping of Cdte Quantum Dots by Two-Photon-Induced Luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 75(16), 161305 (2007).
[Crossref]

Parak, W. J.

F. Amin, D. A. Yushchenko, J. M. Montenegro, and W. J. Parak, “Integration of organic fluorophores in the surface of polymer-coated colloidal nanoparticles for sensing the local polarity of the environment,” ChemPhysChem 13(4), 1030–1035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrikov, V.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Petrova-Koch, V.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-Koch, “Photouminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation,” Science 270(5237), 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

Phan, A.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Potter, B. G.

O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Prasad, P. N.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, “Nonlinear multiphoton processes in organic and polymeric materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 59(9), 1041–1070 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pu, S.-C.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rajh, T.

T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
[Crossref]

Riis, E.

G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Two-Photon Laser Scanning Fluorescence Microscopy Using Photonic Crystal Fiber,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9(5), 922–927 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rong Yuan, D.

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rosenthal, S. J.

T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sanders, A. B.

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sazio, P. J. A.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shcherbak, L.

L. Shcherbak, “Pre-transition phenomena in cdte near the melting point,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 397–405 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shen, Q.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-Koch, “Photouminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation,” Science 270(5237), 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shevchenko, E. V.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silcox, J.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Simmons, J. H.

O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. C.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

Song, C. F.

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Spangler, C. W.

C. W. Spangler, “Recent Development in the Design of Organic Materials for Optical Power Limiting,” J. Mater. Chem. 9(9), 2013–2020 (1999).
[Crossref]

Talapin, D. V.

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamai, N.

L. Pan, A. Ishikawa, and N. Tamai, “Detection of Optical Trapping of Cdte Quantum Dots by Two-Photon-Induced Luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 75(16), 161305 (2007).
[Crossref]

Thomas, M.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Vasanelli, L.

M. Epifani, G. Leo, M. Lomascolo, L. Vasanelli, and L. Manna, “Sol-gel synthesis of hybrid organic-inorganic monoliths doped with colloidal cdse/zns core-shell nanocrystals,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26(1), 441–446 (2003).
[Crossref]

Voitenko, I.

I. Voitenko, J. F. Muth, M. Gerhold, D. Cui, and J. Xu, “Tunable photoluminescence of polymer doped with pbse quantum dots,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 27(5), 1078–1081 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vucemilovic, M. I.

T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
[Crossref]

Walker, P. S.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua, P. J. A. Sazio, P. S. Walker, M. C. Grossel, R. J. Curry, D. C. Smith, and J. J. Baumberg, “Infrared emitting pbse nanocrystals for telecommunications window applications,” J. Mod. Opt. 52(7), 955–964 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Weiss, S.

M. Bruchez, M. Moronne, P. Gin, S. Weiss, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor nanocrystals as fluorescent biological labels,” Science 281(5385), 2013–2016 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wise, F.

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Witkowski, E. J.

O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Xia, M.

W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

I. Voitenko, J. F. Muth, M. Gerhold, D. Cui, and J. Xu, “Tunable photoluminescence of polymer doped with pbse quantum dots,” Mater. Sci. Eng. C 27(5), 1078–1081 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, M.-J.

S.-C. Pu, M.-J. Yang, C.-C. Hsu, C.-W. Lai, C.-C. Hsieh, S. H. Lin, Y.-M. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “The empirical Correlation between Size and Two-Photon Absorption Cross Section of CdSe and CdTe Quantum Dots,” Small 2(11), 1308–1313 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yin, X.

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yushchenko, D. A.

F. Amin, D. A. Yushchenko, J. M. Montenegro, and W. J. Parak, “Integration of organic fluorophores in the surface of polymer-coated colloidal nanoparticles for sensing the local polarity of the environment,” ChemPhysChem 13(4), 1030–1035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G. J.

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Lipovskii, E. Kolobkova, V. Petrikov, I. Kang, A. Olkhovets, T. Krauss, M. Thomas, J. Silcox, F. Wise, Q. Shen, and S. Kycia, “Synthesis and characterization of pbse quantum dots in phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3406–3408 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Rajh, M. I. Vucemilovic, N. M. Dimitrijevic, O. I. Micic, and A. J. Nozik, “Size quantization of colloidal semiconductor particles in silicate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 143(3), 305–308 (1988).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, C. F. Song, M. K. Lü, X. Yin, G. J. Zhou, D. Xu, and D. Rong Yuan, “The luminescence of pbs nanoparticles embedded in sol–gel silica glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 345(5-6), 429–434 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (2)

C. Burda, X. Chen, R. Narayanan, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Chemistry and properties of nanocrystals of different shapes,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1025–1102 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Talapin, J.-S. Lee, M. V. Kovalenko, and E. V. Shevchenko, “Prospects of colloidal nanocrystals for electronic and optoelectronic applications,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 389–458 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ChemPhysChem (1)

F. Amin, D. A. Yushchenko, J. M. Montenegro, and W. J. Parak, “Integration of organic fluorophores in the surface of polymer-coated colloidal nanoparticles for sensing the local polarity of the environment,” ChemPhysChem 13(4), 1030–1035 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ECS J. Solid State SC. (1)

T. Frecker, D. Bailey, X. Arzeta-Ferrer, J. McBride, and S. J. Rosenthal, “Review—Quantum Dots and Their Application in Lighting, Displays, and Biology,” ECS J. Solid State SC. 5(1), R3019–R3031 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. (1)

R. L. Ladbury, J. Benedetto, D. McMorrow, S. P. Buchner, K. A. Label, M. D. Berg, H. S. Kim, A. B. Sanders, M. R. Friendlich, and A. Phan, “TPA laser and heavy-ion see testing: Complementary techniques for sdram single-event evaluation,” IEEE. T. Nucl. Sci. 56(6), 3334–3340 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

M. Nogami, K. Nagaska, and E. Kato, “Preparation of small-particle-size, semiconductor cds-doped silica glasses by the sol–gel process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73(7), 2097–2099 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Li, W. Zhang, M. Xia, C. Liu, and J. Wang, “Optical Properties and Charge Carrier Dynamics of CdTe Quantum Dots in Silicate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(18), 183104 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Two-Photon Laser Scanning Fluorescence Microscopy Using Photonic Crystal Fiber,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9(5), 922–927 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

L. E. Brus, “Electron–Electron and Electron‐Hole Interactions in Small Semiconductor Crystallites: The Size Dependence of the Lowest Excited Electronic State,” J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403–4409 (1984).
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J. Cryst. Growth (1)

L. Shcherbak, “Pre-transition phenomena in cdte near the melting point,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 397–405 (1999).
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J. Lumin. (1)

A. Ekimov, “Growth and optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals in a glass matrix,” J. Lumin. 70(1), 1–20 (1996).
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J. Mater. Chem. (1)

C. W. Spangler, “Recent Development in the Design of Organic Materials for Optical Power Limiting,” J. Mater. Chem. 9(9), 2013–2020 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. Lett. (1)

O. R. Ochor, E. J. Witkowski, C. Colajacomo, J. H. Simmons, and B. G. Potter., “Raman characterization of CdTe nanocrystallites embedded in a glass matrix,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 16(8), 613–616 (1997).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Absorption spectra of the as-made and heat-treated glasses. The true-color images of a series of doped glasses are shown in the right inset.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Raman spectra of the as-made and heat-treated glasses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 High-resolution transmission electron (HR-TEM) micrographs of CdTe QDs doped glasses for heat treatment time of (a) 2 h, (b) 8 h and (c) 16 h, respectively. (d) is the same with (c) while with higher resolution.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 QD-size-dependent emission spectra of the as-made and heat-treated glasses irradiated by 400 nm lamp. The inset was the corresponding glass samples illuminated by a handheld 400 nm lamp in a dark room.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Normalized emission spectra of G-CdTe heat-treated for 8 h (a), 16 h (b), with the excitation of 800 nm femtosecond laser at 120mW and 400 nm lamp.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Luminescence intensity of G-CdTe heated for 16 h at a series of femtosecond pump power. Inset: The linear fitting of the logarithmic plot of fluorescence intensity I and the pumping power P.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Excitation spectra of G-CdTe heat-treated for 16 h (λem = 600 nm); (b) Emission spectra of G-CdTe heat-treated for 16 h.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Emission spectra of G-CdTe heat-treated for 16 h under focused 960 nm femtosecond laser irradiation at 65mW and 480 nm light excitation; (b) Upconversion luminescence in G-CdTe excited by 960 nm femtosecond laser pulses at different pump power. Inset: The linear fitting of log emission intensity and log pump power.