Abstract

In this paper, a chiral metamaterial absorber (CMMA) is proposed for the realization of high selective absorption for right-handed and left-handed circular polarization (RCP and LCP) waves in the terahertz region. The CMMA is composed of a dielectric substrate sandwiched with a bi-layered fourfold twisted via-T-shaped (VTs) structure. The proposed CMMA has strong chiral-selective absorption bands, where absorption peaks for LCP and RCP occur at different resonance frequencies, finally resulting in a significant circular dichroism (CD) effect. The simulation results exhibit that absorption levels are greater than 90% and the maximal CD value is up to 42.2 dB at resonances. The mechanism of the chiral-selective absorption of the CMMA is illustrated and analyzed by surface current and power loss density distributions. Furthermore, the chiral-selective absorption properties can be effectively adjusted by changing the geometric parameters of the unit-cell of the proposed CMMA. Owing to its favorable performance, the proposed CMMA could be found in many potential applications in bolometric imaging, terahertz spectroscopic, detecting, and terahertz communications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  38. B. Tang, Z. Li, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequency,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 99, 1 (2017).
  39. Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  43. R. Zhao, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: retrieval of the effective parameters with and without substrate,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14553–14567 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. Z. Wu, J. Zhu, H. Lu, and B. Zeng, “A double-layer metamaterial with negative refractive index originating from chiral configuration,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53(1), 163–166 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (2)

Y. Z. Cheng, H. S. Zhang, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Dual-band plasmonic perfect absorber based on all-metal nanostructure for refractive index sensing application,” Mater. Lett. 219, 123–126 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. L. Huang, Y. Cheng, Z. Cheng, H. Chen, X. Mao, and R. Gong, “Based on graphene tunable dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with wide-angle,” Opt. Commun. 415, 194–201 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

B. Tang, Z. Li, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequency,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 99, 1 (2017).

Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and L. Wu, “Ultra-broadband linear polarization conversion via diode-Like asymmetric transmission with composite metamaterial for terahertz waves,” Plasmonics 12(4), 1113–1120 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, B. H. Te, Y. Wang, G. Adamo, and J. Teng, “Enhancing circular dichroism by super chiral hot spots from a chiral metasurface with apexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, J. Zhao, X. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrabroadband diode-like asymmetric transmission and high-efficiency cross-polarization conversion based on composite chiral metamaterial,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 160, 89–101 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Wang, Y. S. Hu, X. Xiong, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Encoding and display with stereo split-ring resonator arrays,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1153–1156 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

X. Liu, K. Bi, B. Li, Q. Zhao, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based on artificial dielectric “atoms”,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20454–20460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Cheng, X. S. Mao, C. J. Wu, and R. Z. Gong, “Infrared non-planar plasmonic perfect absorber for enhanced sensitive refractive index sensing,” Opt. Mater. 53, 195–200 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Tang, Z. Xiao, K. Xu, X. Ma, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Cross polarization conversion based on a new chiral spiral slot structure in THz region,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 111 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

R. H. Fan, Y. Zhou, X. P. Ren, R. W. Peng, S. C. Jiang, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Freely tunable broadband polarization rotator for terahertz waves,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Liu, Z. Y. Xiao, X. L. Ma, Q. W. Ma, X. X. Xu, and Z. H. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission of chiral metamaterial slab with double L resonators,” Opt. Commun. 338, 359–365 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, Y. H. Kim, and Y. Lee, “Dual broadband metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 3861–3868 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

Y. Cheng, R. Gong, Z. Cheng, and Y. Nie, “Perfect dual-band circular polarizer based on twisted split-ring structure asymmetric chiral metamaterial,” Appl. Opt. 53(25), 5763–5768 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. W. Mao, S. L. Liu, B. R. Bian, B. Y. Wang, B. Ma, L. Chen, and J. Xu, “Multi-band polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber based on Chinese ancientcoin-shaped structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(20), 204505 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. He, F. Ding, L. Mo, and F. Bao, “Light absorber with an ultra-broad flat band based on multi-sized slow-wave hyperbolic metamaterial thin-films,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 147, 69–79 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Y. Z. Cheng, Y. Nie, Z. Z. Cheng, L. Wu, X. Wang, and R. Z. Gong, “Broadband transparent metamaterial linear polarization transformer based on triple-split-ring resonators,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 27(14), 1850–1858 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Y. Yang, Y. Z. Cheng, M. Zhao, R. Z. Gong, Y. Zheng, J. Duan, and X. H. Yuan, “Giant asymmetric transmission of circular polarization in layer-by-layer chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021903 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, J. G. Liang, J. Q. Gong, and Z. M. Xu, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-miniature metamaterial transmission line absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 86(2), 205104 (2013).

X. Xiong, S. C. Jiang, Y. H. Hu, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Structured metal film as a perfect absorber,” Adv. Mater. 25(29), 3994–4000 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21(3), 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

X. Ma, C. Huang, M. Pu, C. Hu, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Multi-band circular polarizer using planar spiral metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 20(14), 16050–16058 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
[PubMed]

O. M. Ramahi, T. Almoneef, M. Alshareef, and M. Boybay, “Metamaterial particles for electromagnetic energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(17), 173903 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, M. A. Belkin, and A. Alù, “Twisted optical metamaterials for planarized ultrathin broadband circular polarizers,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 870 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

Y. Liu and X. Zhang, “Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Ding, E. J. Liang, G. W. Cai, W. Q. Hu, C. Z. Fan, and Q. Z. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Conjugated gammadion chiral metamaterial with uniaxial optical activity and negative refractive index,” Phys. Rev. B 83(3), 035105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Wu, J. Zhu, H. Lu, and B. Zeng, “A double-layer metamaterial with negative refractive index originating from chiral configuration,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53(1), 163–166 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Zhao, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: retrieval of the effective parameters with and without substrate,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14553–14567 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold Helix Photonic Metamaterial as Broadband Circular Polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen, “Magnetoinductive and electroinductive coupling in plasmonic metamaterial molecules,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4521–4525 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. R. Andrews, P. P. Mitra, and R. deCarvalho, “Tripling the capacity of wireless communications using electromagnetic polarization,” Nature 409(6818), 316–318 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

M. Maeda, “An analysis of gap in microstrip transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 20(6), 390–396 (1972).
[Crossref]

Abbott, D.

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adamo, G.

Z. Wang, B. H. Te, Y. Wang, G. Adamo, and J. Teng, “Enhancing circular dichroism by super chiral hot spots from a chiral metasurface with apexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

Almoneef, T.

O. M. Ramahi, T. Almoneef, M. Alshareef, and M. Boybay, “Metamaterial particles for electromagnetic energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(17), 173903 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alshareef, M.

O. M. Ramahi, T. Almoneef, M. Alshareef, and M. Boybay, “Metamaterial particles for electromagnetic energy harvesting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(17), 173903 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

Y. Zhao, M. A. Belkin, and A. Alù, “Twisted optical metamaterials for planarized ultrathin broadband circular polarizers,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 870 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrews, M. R.

M. R. Andrews, P. P. Mitra, and R. deCarvalho, “Tripling the capacity of wireless communications using electromagnetic polarization,” Nature 409(6818), 316–318 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

B. Tang, Z. Li, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequency,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 99, 1 (2017).

Bade, K.

J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold Helix Photonic Metamaterial as Broadband Circular Polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, F.

S. He, F. Ding, L. Mo, and F. Bao, “Light absorber with an ultra-broad flat band based on multi-sized slow-wave hyperbolic metamaterial thin-films,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 147, 69–79 (2014).
[Crossref]

Belkin, M. A.

Y. Zhao, M. A. Belkin, and A. Alù, “Twisted optical metamaterials for planarized ultrathin broadband circular polarizers,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 870 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Besteiro, L. V.

W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhaskaran, M.

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M. L. Huang, Y. Cheng, Z. Cheng, H. Chen, X. Mao, and R. Gong, “Based on graphene tunable dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber with wide-angle,” Opt. Commun. 415, 194–201 (2018).
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Y. Z. Cheng, H. S. Zhang, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Dual-band plasmonic perfect absorber based on all-metal nanostructure for refractive index sensing application,” Mater. Lett. 219, 123–126 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and L. Wu, “Ultra-broadband linear polarization conversion via diode-Like asymmetric transmission with composite metamaterial for terahertz waves,” Plasmonics 12(4), 1113–1120 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, J. Zhao, X. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrabroadband diode-like asymmetric transmission and high-efficiency cross-polarization conversion based on composite chiral metamaterial,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 160, 89–101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, X. S. Mao, C. J. Wu, and R. Z. Gong, “Infrared non-planar plasmonic perfect absorber for enhanced sensitive refractive index sensing,” Opt. Mater. 53, 195–200 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
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L. Wu, Z. Y. Yang, Y. Z. Cheng, M. Zhao, R. Z. Gong, Y. Zheng, J. Duan, and X. H. Yuan, “Giant asymmetric transmission of circular polarization in layer-by-layer chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021903 (2013).
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W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
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M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
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J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
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J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
[Crossref]

He, S.

S. He, F. Ding, L. Mo, and F. Bao, “Light absorber with an ultra-broad flat band based on multi-sized slow-wave hyperbolic metamaterial thin-films,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 147, 69–79 (2014).
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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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R. H. Fan, Y. Zhou, X. P. Ren, R. W. Peng, S. C. Jiang, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Freely tunable broadband polarization rotator for terahertz waves,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1201–1206 (2015).
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Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
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J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
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N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen, “Magnetoinductive and electroinductive coupling in plasmonic metamaterial molecules,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4521–4525 (2008).
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J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and theory of the broadband absorption by a tapered hyperbolic metamaterial array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
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Li, B.

Li, J.

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M. Li, L. Guo, J. Dong, and H. Yang, “An ultra-thin chiral metamaterial absorber with high selectivity for LCP and RCP waves,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(18), 185102 (2014).
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X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
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W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
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Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
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Li, Z.

B. Tang, Z. Li, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequency,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 99, 1 (2017).

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P. Ding, E. J. Liang, G. W. Cai, W. Q. Hu, C. Z. Fan, and Q. Z. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
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H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, J. G. Liang, J. Q. Gong, and Z. M. Xu, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-miniature metamaterial transmission line absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 86(2), 205104 (2013).

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J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold Helix Photonic Metamaterial as Broadband Circular Polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
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J. Tang, Z. Xiao, K. Xu, X. Ma, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Cross polarization conversion based on a new chiral spiral slot structure in THz region,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 111 (2016).
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D. J. Liu, Z. Y. Xiao, X. L. Ma, Q. W. Ma, X. X. Xu, and Z. H. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission of chiral metamaterial slab with double L resonators,” Opt. Commun. 338, 359–365 (2015).
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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen, “Magnetoinductive and electroinductive coupling in plasmonic metamaterial molecules,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4521–4525 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, S. L.

Z. W. Mao, S. L. Liu, B. R. Bian, B. Y. Wang, B. Ma, L. Chen, and J. Xu, “Multi-band polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber based on Chinese ancientcoin-shaped structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(20), 204505 (2014).
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X. Liu, K. Bi, B. Li, Q. Zhao, and J. Zhou, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based on artificial dielectric “atoms”,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20454–20460 (2016).
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B. Tang, Z. Li, E. Palacios, Z. Liu, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Chiral-selective plasmonic metasurface absorbers operating at visible frequency,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 99, 1 (2017).

Lu, H.

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Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
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Lu, X.

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
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Luo, X.

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
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X. Ma, C. Huang, M. Pu, C. Hu, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Multi-band circular polarizer using planar spiral metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 20(14), 16050–16058 (2012).
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Z. W. Mao, S. L. Liu, B. R. Bian, B. Y. Wang, B. Ma, L. Chen, and J. Xu, “Multi-band polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber based on Chinese ancientcoin-shaped structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(20), 204505 (2014).
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D. J. Liu, Z. Y. Xiao, X. L. Ma, Q. W. Ma, X. X. Xu, and Z. H. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission of chiral metamaterial slab with double L resonators,” Opt. Commun. 338, 359–365 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

J. Tang, Z. Xiao, K. Xu, X. Ma, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Cross polarization conversion based on a new chiral spiral slot structure in THz region,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 111 (2016).
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X. Ma, C. Huang, M. Pu, C. Hu, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Multi-band circular polarizer using planar spiral metamaterial structure,” Opt. Express 20(14), 16050–16058 (2012).
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D. J. Liu, Z. Y. Xiao, X. L. Ma, Q. W. Ma, X. X. Xu, and Z. H. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission of chiral metamaterial slab with double L resonators,” Opt. Commun. 338, 359–365 (2015).
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[Crossref]

Y. Cheng, J. Zhao, X. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrabroadband diode-like asymmetric transmission and high-efficiency cross-polarization conversion based on composite chiral metamaterial,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 160, 89–101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mao, X. S.

Y. Z. Cheng, H. S. Zhang, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Dual-band plasmonic perfect absorber based on all-metal nanostructure for refractive index sensing application,” Mater. Lett. 219, 123–126 (2018).
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Z. H. Wang, Y. S. Hu, X. Xiong, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Encoding and display with stereo split-ring resonator arrays,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1153–1156 (2017).
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J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold Helix Photonic Metamaterial as Broadband Circular Polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
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R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Conjugated gammadion chiral metamaterial with uniaxial optical activity and negative refractive index,” Phys. Rev. B 83(3), 035105 (2011).
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J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 121104 (2009).
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B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
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Z. W. Mao, S. L. Liu, B. R. Bian, B. Y. Wang, B. Ma, L. Chen, and J. Xu, “Multi-band polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber based on Chinese ancientcoin-shaped structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(20), 204505 (2014).
[Crossref]

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H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, J. G. Liang, J. Q. Gong, and Z. M. Xu, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-miniature metamaterial transmission line absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 86(2), 205104 (2013).

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B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
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J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

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X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
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B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
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Z. H. Wang, Y. S. Hu, X. Xiong, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Encoding and display with stereo split-ring resonator arrays,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1153–1156 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Fan, Y. Zhou, X. P. Ren, R. W. Peng, S. C. Jiang, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Freely tunable broadband polarization rotator for terahertz waves,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xiong, S. C. Jiang, Y. H. Hu, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Structured metal film as a perfect absorber,” Adv. Mater. 25(29), 3994–4000 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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W. Li, Z. J. Coppens, L. V. Besteiro, W. Wang, A. O. Govorov, and J. Valentine, “Circularly polarized light detection with hot electrons in chiral plasmonic metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8379 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Z. Cheng, Y. Nie, Z. Z. Cheng, L. Wu, X. Wang, and R. Z. Gong, “Broadband transparent metamaterial linear polarization transformer based on triple-split-ring resonators,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 27(14), 1850–1858 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Z. Wang, B. H. Te, Y. Wang, G. Adamo, and J. Teng, “Enhancing circular dichroism by super chiral hot spots from a chiral metasurface with apexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(22), 221108 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, B. H. Te, Y. Wang, G. Adamo, and J. Teng, “Enhancing circular dichroism by super chiral hot spots from a chiral metasurface with apexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(22), 221108 (2017).
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J. Tang, Z. Xiao, K. Xu, X. Ma, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Cross polarization conversion based on a new chiral spiral slot structure in THz region,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 111 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Z. H. Wang, Y. S. Hu, X. Xiong, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Encoding and display with stereo split-ring resonator arrays,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1153–1156 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Liu, Z. Y. Xiao, X. L. Ma, Q. W. Ma, X. X. Xu, and Z. H. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission of chiral metamaterial slab with double L resonators,” Opt. Commun. 338, 359–365 (2015).
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C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98–OP120 (2012).
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J. K. Gansel, M. Thiel, M. S. Rill, M. Decker, K. Bade, V. Saile, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, “Gold Helix Photonic Metamaterial as Broadband Circular Polarizer,” Science 325(5947), 1513–1515 (2009).
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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Z. Cheng, W. Withayachumnankul, A. Upadhyay, D. Headland, Y. Nie, R. Z. Gong, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and D. Abbott, “Ultrabroadband reflective polarization convertor for terahertz waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(18), 181111 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Niu, W. Withayachumnankul, B. S.-Y. Ung, H. Menekse, M. Bhaskaran, S. Sriram, and C. Fumeaux, “Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 21(3), 2875–2889 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C. J.

Y. Z. Cheng, X. S. Mao, C. J. Wu, and R. Z. Gong, “Infrared non-planar plasmonic perfect absorber for enhanced sensitive refractive index sensing,” Opt. Mater. 53, 195–200 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

Y. Z. Cheng, R. Z. Gong, and L. Wu, “Ultra-broadband linear polarization conversion via diode-Like asymmetric transmission with composite metamaterial for terahertz waves,” Plasmonics 12(4), 1113–1120 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Cheng, Y. Nie, Z. Z. Cheng, L. Wu, X. Wang, and R. Z. Gong, “Broadband transparent metamaterial linear polarization transformer based on triple-split-ring resonators,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 27(14), 1850–1858 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Wu, Z. Y. Yang, Y. Z. Cheng, M. Zhao, R. Z. Gong, Y. Zheng, J. Duan, and X. H. Yuan, “Giant asymmetric transmission of circular polarization in layer-by-layer chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021903 (2013).
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Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
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Z. Ge, M. Jiao, R. Lu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, and C. K. Wei, “Wide-view and broadband circular polarizers for transflective liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 4(2), 129–138 (2008).
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Z. Wu, J. Zhu, H. Lu, and B. Zeng, “A double-layer metamaterial with negative refractive index originating from chiral configuration,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53(1), 163–166 (2011).
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J. Tang, Z. Xiao, K. Xu, X. Ma, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Cross polarization conversion based on a new chiral spiral slot structure in THz region,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Z. Y.

D. J. Liu, Z. Y. Xiao, X. L. Ma, Q. W. Ma, X. X. Xu, and Z. H. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission of chiral metamaterial slab with double L resonators,” Opt. Commun. 338, 359–365 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiong, X.

Z. H. Wang, Y. S. Hu, X. Xiong, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Encoding and display with stereo split-ring resonator arrays,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1153–1156 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Fan, Y. Zhou, X. P. Ren, R. W. Peng, S. C. Jiang, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Freely tunable broadband polarization rotator for terahertz waves,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xiong, S. C. Jiang, Y. H. Hu, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Structured metal film as a perfect absorber,” Adv. Mater. 25(29), 3994–4000 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, D. H.

R. H. Fan, Y. Zhou, X. P. Ren, R. W. Peng, S. C. Jiang, D. H. Xu, X. Xiong, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Freely tunable broadband polarization rotator for terahertz waves,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H. X.

H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, J. G. Liang, J. Q. Gong, and Z. M. Xu, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-miniature metamaterial transmission line absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 86(2), 205104 (2013).

Xu, J.

Z. W. Mao, S. L. Liu, B. R. Bian, B. Y. Wang, B. Ma, L. Chen, and J. Xu, “Multi-band polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber based on Chinese ancientcoin-shaped structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(20), 204505 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

J. Tang, Z. Xiao, K. Xu, X. Ma, D. Liu, and Z. Wang, “Cross polarization conversion based on a new chiral spiral slot structure in THz region,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 48(2), 111 (2016).
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D. J. Liu, Z. Y. Xiao, X. L. Ma, Q. W. Ma, X. X. Xu, and Z. H. Wang, “Asymmetric transmission of chiral metamaterial slab with double L resonators,” Opt. Commun. 338, 359–365 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z. M.

H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, J. G. Liang, J. Q. Gong, and Z. M. Xu, “Triple-band polarization-insensitive wide-angle ultra-miniature metamaterial transmission line absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 86(2), 205104 (2013).

Xue, Q. Z.

P. Ding, E. J. Liang, G. W. Cai, W. Q. Hu, C. Z. Fan, and Q. Z. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
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Yuan, X. H.

L. Wu, Z. Y. Yang, Y. Z. Cheng, M. Zhao, R. Z. Gong, Y. Zheng, J. Duan, and X. H. Yuan, “Giant asymmetric transmission of circular polarization in layer-by-layer chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021903 (2013).
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Zeng, B.

Z. Wu, J. Zhu, H. Lu, and B. Zeng, “A double-layer metamaterial with negative refractive index originating from chiral configuration,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53(1), 163–166 (2011).
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Zhai, X.

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
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B. X. Wang, X. Zhai, G. Z. Wang, W. Q. Huang, and L. L. Wang, “A novel dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorber for a sensor application,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014504 (2015).
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Zhang, H. S.

Y. Z. Cheng, H. S. Zhang, X. S. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Dual-band plasmonic perfect absorber based on all-metal nanostructure for refractive index sensing application,” Mater. Lett. 219, 123–126 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Conjugated gammadion chiral metamaterial with uniaxial optical activity and negative refractive index,” Phys. Rev. B 83(3), 035105 (2011).
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S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
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Zhang, W.

S. Zhang, Y. S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
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Y. Liu and X. Zhang, “Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
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Y. Cheng, J. Zhao, X. Mao, and R. Z. Gong, “Ultrabroadband diode-like asymmetric transmission and high-efficiency cross-polarization conversion based on composite chiral metamaterial,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 160, 89–101 (2017).
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L. Wu, Z. Y. Yang, Y. Z. Cheng, M. Zhao, R. Z. Gong, Y. Zheng, J. Duan, and X. H. Yuan, “Giant asymmetric transmission of circular polarization in layer-by-layer chiral metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 021903 (2013).
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Zhao, Q.

Zhao, R.

R. Zhao, L. Zhang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Conjugated gammadion chiral metamaterial with uniaxial optical activity and negative refractive index,” Phys. Rev. B 83(3), 035105 (2011).
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R. Zhao, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: retrieval of the effective parameters with and without substrate,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14553–14567 (2010).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the designed CMMA: (a-c) the front, lateral and perspective view of the unit-cell structure, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Simulated reflection and transmission coefficients for CP waves, (b) the corresponding absorbance for LCP and RCP waves.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The calculated CD parameter Δ, (b) ellipticity angle η.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The retrieved refractive index for (a) LCP and (b) RCP waves.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The surface current distributions of the unit-cell structure of the proposed CMMA is drived by the (a,c) LCP and (b,d) RCP waves at (a,b) f1 = 1.9 THz and (c,d) f2 = 2.9 THz. The solid (dashed) line arrows represent the front (back) surface current distributions and induced electric field direction.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The power loss density distributions of unit-cell structure of the proposed CMMA is induced by the (a,c) LCP and (b,d) RCP waves at (a,b) f1 = 1.9 THz and (c,d) f2 = 2.9 THz.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Absorbance spectra of the (a1-d1) LCP and (a2-d2) RCP waves of proposed CMMA with different geometric parameters: (a1,a2) thickness of dielectric substrate (ts), (b1,b2) the VTs wire length (l), (c1,c2) the VTs wire width (w), and (d1,d2) gap width (g) between two VTs wire.

Equations (6)

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A = 1 R + R T T + = 1 | r + | 2 | r | 2 | t | 2 | t + | 2
A + = 1 R + R + + T + + T + = 1 | r + | 2 | r + + | 2 | t + + | 2 | t + | 2
A = 1 R T = 1 | r | 2 | t | 2
A + = 1 R + + T + + = 1 | r + + | 2 | t + + | 2
Δ = lg | T + + | lg | T |
η = arc tan [ ( | t + + | | t | ) / ( | t + + | + | t | ) ]

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