Abstract

Tellurium (Te)-based suspended-core fiber (SCF) consisting of dual chalcogenide glasses has been fabricated for the first time using a combined extrusion method. The SCF transmitting ability was evaluated by the simulation of the beam spots, energy distribution and ratio of core/fiber. The fiber was tapered into a small core size of 5 µm and the corresponding zero-dispersion-wavelength (ZDW) was 4.9 µm. The nonlinear coefficient γ was 3.983 m−1W−1 at 5 μm. Mid-infrared (MIR) supercontinuum (SC) spanning from 1.7 µm to 11.3 µm was achieved in a 20 cm Te-based complex SCF, pumped at 5 µm with an average power of 25 mW. The strong SC generated in the long wavelength was ascribed to the excellent transmitting ability in the SCF.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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2017 (1)

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

2015 (2)

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

2013 (1)

2012 (4)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. D. Savage, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Extrusion of chalcogenide glass preforms and drawing to multimode optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(29), 3418–3427 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. R. E. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Supercontinuum generation in dispersion engineered highly nonlinear (γ = 10 /W/m) As2S3) chalcogenide planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14938–14944 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Abdel-Moneim, N.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, I. D.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

Bang, O.

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Benson, T.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boussard-Pledel, C.

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brilland, L.

Bureau, B.

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

Caillaud, C.

Cheng, C.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, T.

Choi, D. Y.

Choi, D.-Y.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Coulombier, Q.

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Daigle, J. F.

Deng, D.

Désévédavy, F.

Duan, Z.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dupont, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

El Amraoui, M.

El-Amraoui, M.

Fatome, J.

Fortier, C.

Furniss, D.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. D. Savage, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Extrusion of chalcogenide glass preforms and drawing to multimode optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(29), 3418–3427 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gadret, G.

Gai, X.

Gao, W.

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guo, W.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, C.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Jules, J. C.

Kanou, Y.

Kawashima, H.

Kibler, B.

Kubat, I.

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lamont, M. R. E.

Légaré, F.

Li, L.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liao, F.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liao, M.

Liu, S.

Liu, Z.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lucas, J.

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lucas, P.

Z. Yang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, J. Geng, and P. Lucas, “Single-mode low-loss optical fibers for long-wave infrared transmission,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3360–3362 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

Luther-Davies, B.

Y. Yu, X. Gai, P. Ma, K. Vu, Z. Yang, R. Wang, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Experimental demonstration of linearly polarized 2-10 μm supercontinuum generation in a chalcogenide rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 41(5), 958–961 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Gai, W. H. Wei, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, X. Shen, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Systematic z-scan measurements of the third order nonlinearity of chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 1011–1022 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gai, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Supercontinuum generation in the mid-infrared from a dispersion-engineered As2S3 glass rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3870–3872 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gai, R. P. Wang, C. Xiong, M. J. Steel, B. J. Eggleton, and B. Luther-Davies, “Near-zero anomalous dispersion Ge11.5As24Se64.5 glass nanowires for correlated photon pair generation: design and analysis,” Opt. Express 20(2), 776–786 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. E. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Supercontinuum generation in dispersion engineered highly nonlinear (γ = 10 /W/m) As2S3) chalcogenide planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14938–14944 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, P.

Madden, S.

Mathieu, P.

Matsumoto, M.

Méchin, D.

Messaddeq, Y.

Miller, C. A.

S. D. Savage, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Extrusion of chalcogenide glass preforms and drawing to multimode optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(29), 3418–3427 (2008).
[Crossref]

Misumi, T.

Moller, U.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Møller, U.

Mouawad, O.

Nagasaka, K.

Nguyen, V. Q.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nie, Q.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ohishi, Y.

Pan, Z.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petersen, C. R.

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Picot-Clémente, J.

Pureza, P. C.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qi, S. S.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ramsay, J.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sanghera, J. S.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Savage, S. D.

S. D. Savage, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Extrusion of chalcogenide glass preforms and drawing to multimode optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(29), 3418–3427 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, B. E.

Seddon, A.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seddon, A. B.

S. D. Savage, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Extrusion of chalcogenide glass preforms and drawing to multimode optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(29), 3418–3427 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shaw, L. B.

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, X.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, X. Gai, W. H. Wei, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, X. Shen, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Systematic z-scan measurements of the third order nonlinearity of chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 1011–1022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Skripatchev, I.

Smektala, F.

Steel, M. J.

Strutynski, C.

Sujecki, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

Suzuki, T.

Tang, D. Y.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, Z.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tao, G.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tao, G. M.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tezuka, H.

Théberge, F.

Thiré, N.

Troles, J.

Tuan, T. H.

Vallée, R.

Vu, K.

Wang, R.

Wang, R. P.

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, W. H.

Wilhelm, A. A.

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, B.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiong, C.

Xu, H.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xue, X.

Yang, A. P.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yang, Z. Y.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, X. Gai, W. H. Wei, R. P. Wang, Z. Y. Yang, X. Shen, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Systematic z-scan measurements of the third order nonlinearity of chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 1011–1022 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Zhai, C. C.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, B.

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, M.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Q.

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

A. A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Pledel, Q. Coulombier, J. Lucas, B. Bureau, and P. Lucas, “Development of far-infrared-transmitting te based glasses suitable for carbon dioxide detection and space optics,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3796–3800 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

B. Zhang, W. Guo, Y. Yu, C. C. Zhai, S. S. Qi, A. P. Yang, L. Li, Z. Y. Yang, R. P. Wang, D. Y. Tang, G. M. Tao, and B. Luther-Davies, “Low Loss, High NA Chalcogenide Glass Fibers for Broadband Mid-Infrared Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(5), 1389–1392 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

S. D. Savage, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Extrusion of chalcogenide glass preforms and drawing to multimode optical fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(29), 3418–3427 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0-16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. R. Petersen, U. Moller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4-13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. Jiang, X. Wang, M. Zhu, H. Xu, Q. Nie, S. Dai, G. Tao, X. Shen, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, F. Liao, P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Preparation of chalcogenide glass fiber using an improved extrusion method,” Opt. Eng. 55(5), 056114 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

M. R. E. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Supercontinuum generation in dispersion engineered highly nonlinear (γ = 10 /W/m) As2S3) chalcogenide planar waveguide,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14938–14944 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gai, R. P. Wang, C. Xiong, M. J. Steel, B. J. Eggleton, and B. Luther-Davies, “Near-zero anomalous dispersion Ge11.5As24Se64.5 glass nanowires for correlated photon pair generation: design and analysis,” Opt. Express 20(2), 776–786 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. El-Amraoui, G. Gadret, J. C. Jules, J. Fatome, C. Fortier, F. Désévédavy, I. Skripatchev, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, W. Gao, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Microstructured chalcogenide optical fibers from As2S3 glass: towards new IR broadband sources,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26655–26665 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Gao, M. El Amraoui, M. Liao, H. Kawashima, Z. Duan, D. Deng, T. Cheng, T. Suzuki, Y. Messaddeq, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended-core As2S3 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9573–9583 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Møller, Y. Yu, I. Kubat, C. R. Petersen, X. Gai, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, C. Caillaud, J. Troles, B. Luther-Davies, and O. Bang, “Multi-milliwatt mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Express 23(3), 3282–3291 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cheng, Y. Kanou, X. Xue, D. Deng, M. Matsumoto, T. Misumi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a novel AsSe2-As2S5 hybrid microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23019–23025 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

R. R. Gattass, L. B. Shaw, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, I. D. Aggarwal, and J. S. Sanghera, “All-fiber chalcogenide-based mid-infrared supercontinuum source,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 18(5), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (7)

X. Gai, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, Z. Yang, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Supercontinuum generation in the mid-infrared from a dispersion-engineered As2S3 glass rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 37(18), 3870–3872 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, X. Gai, P. Ma, K. Vu, Z. Yang, R. Wang, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Experimental demonstration of linearly polarized 2-10 μm supercontinuum generation in a chalcogenide rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 41(5), 958–961 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Thiré, J. F. Daigle, P. Mathieu, B. E. Schmidt, Y. Messaddeq, R. Vallée, and F. Légaré, “Multioctave infrared supercontinuum generation in large-core As2S3 fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6474–6477 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, T. H. Tuan, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 2.0 to 15.1 μm in a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 2117–2120 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Mouawad, J. Picot-Clémente, F. Amrani, C. Strutynski, J. Fatome, B. Kibler, F. Désévédavy, G. Gadret, J. C. Jules, D. Deng, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Multioctave midinfrared supercontinuum generation in suspended-core chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2684–2687 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, J. Geng, and P. Lucas, “Single-mode low-loss optical fibers for long-wave infrared transmission,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3360–3362 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic diagram of the extrusion process and the extruded preform (the black ring is GeSbSe and the gray core is GeAsSeTe).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Measured refractive indices of the core glass, (b) optical loss of long capillary.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Cross section of the four-hole Te-based complex SCF: (a) Optical microscope image (500X), (b) SEM.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Calculated energy ratio R in the SCF with wavelength increasing, inset: The 3-D profiles of the numerical simulated beam spots in the Ge20As20Se15Te45 SCF at typical wavelengths, (b) The cut-off wavelength of the SCF along with the width of bridges.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Calculated dispersions for the fundamental mode of the Te-based complex SCF with different diameter and normal step-index fiber. Inset: surface of tapered SCF (Outer cladding diameter is 13 µm and 100 µm); (b) Calculated Aeff and γ of the fundamental mode.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental SC results in the SCFs pumping: (a) at different wavelengths; (b) with increased power; (c) numerical simulated result with 5 μm pump at 5 kW (peak power), γ = 3.983 m−1W−1, 20 cm (fiber length).

Equations (1)

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R= core E core dS fiber E fiber dS = I core i I fiber i = I core ¯ × A core ×Δ I fiber ¯ × A fiber ×Δ = I core ¯ × A core I fiber ¯ × A fiber

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